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PRINCIPLES OF

EFFECTIVE WRITING
BY DANTE P. LABANDERO
Various factors • ORGANIZATIO
N
must be
• COHESION
considered in AND
identifying the COHERENCE
effectiveness of • LANGUAGE
particular text, USE
such as… • MECHANICS
Components
of a text or
composition. • PARAGRAPH
A composition • ESSAY
can either
be…
A paragraph
is a group of AN ESSAY IS A
interrelated GROUP OF
PARAGRAPHS
sentences THAT TALK
that talk ABOUT ONE
about the CENTRAL IDEA.
main idea.
PARAGRAPH ESSAY
Organized around a topic Organized around a thesis
sentence

Contains introductory Contains introductory


sentence paragraph

Uses sentences to explain Uses paragraphs to explain


major points major points

May use a concluding Always uses a concluding


sentence paragraph
1. THE TOPIC
SENTENCE
2. THE BODY
A paragraph (WHICH
is composed CONSISTS OF
of three major THE
SUPPORTING
parts: DETAILS)
3. THE CLOSING
SENTENCE
1. THE TOPIC
SENTENCE
2. THE BODY
A paragraph (WHICH
is composed CONSISTS OF
of three major THE
SUPPORTING
parts: DETAILS)
3. THE CLOSING
SENTENCE
Unlike a
paragraph, an
essay has a
1. INTRODUCTI
more ON
elaborate 2. BODY
structure. It is 3. CONCLUSION
divided into
three general
parts…
1. LEAD OR
ATTENTION-
Introducti GETTER
2. TRANSITION
on AL
STATEMENT
3. THESIS
STATEMENT
1. MAJOR POINT 1
• MINOR DETAIL 1
• MINOR DETAIL 2
2. MAJOR POINT 2

Body •

MINOR DETAIL 1
MINOR DETAIL 2
3. MAJOR POINT 3
• MINOR DETAIL 1
• MINOR DETAIL 2
1. REITERATION OF
THESIS STATEMENT
2. TRANSITIONAL
STATEMENT/REITERA
Conclusio TION OF PURPOSE,
BENEFIT, AND
n RECOMMENDATIONS
3. CLOSING
STATEMENT
INTRODUCTION 1. PROVOCATIVE
1. A LEAD OR RHETORICAL
ATTENTION- QUESTION

GETTER is the 2. STATISTICS

first statement in 3. STARTLING


STATEMENT
the essay which
4. ANECDOTE
aims to hook the
5. QUOTATION
readers. It can be
6. HUMOR
in a form of…
7. ANALOGY
INTRODUCTION
2. TRANSITIONAL
STATEMENT – the • GENERALLY, IT
sentence which PROVIDES A
links the lead to BACKGROUND ON
THE TOPIC.
the thesis
statement.
INTRODUCTION
3. THESIS
STATEMENT – it
states the main
idea or argument
of the essay.