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Figurative

Language
Simile - Compares two things that are
not alike by using the words like or as.

Examples:
1.) The town square was buzzing like a
beehive.
2.) Life is like a box of chocolates.
3.) Annette is blind as a bat.
Metaphor – Compares two things that
are not alike, but without using like or
as. Usually uses a form of the verb “to
be”
Examples:
1.) The snow is a white blanket.
2.) The classroom was a zoo.
3.) Their home is a prison.
Practice: Write whether each
sentence/expression is a simile or a
metaphor.
1.) Time is money.
2.) Ronald is cool as a cucumber.
3.) The jug is dry as a bone.
4.) My kid’s room is a disaster area.
5.) Her angry words were bullets to him.
Hyperboles – when you use language to
exaggerate what you mean or emphasize a
point. It is often used to make something
sound much bigger and better than it
actually is or to make something sound much
more dramatic.

Examples:
1. He’s running faster than the wind!
2. This bag weighs a ton.
Practice:

Write three examples of hyperboles in your


notes.

1.
2.
3.
Alliteration – a poetic or literary technique
where a series of words in a sentence have
the same first consonant sound. In other
words: alliteration is when the beginning
sound of words are repeated in a close series.

Examples:
1.) Peter Piper Picked a Peck of Pickled Peppers.
2.) Barry brought a book to bring to the
backyard barbeque.
Practice:

Write three examples sentences that use


alliteration.

1.
2.
3.
Personification – when non-human things are
given human characteristics. When a writer
brings a non-human object to life, it can help
us understand better what they’re trying to
say.

Examples:
1.) Rita heard the last piece of pie calling her
name.
2.) My flowers were begging for water.
Onomatopoeia – a word that mimics the
sound of the object or action it refers to.
When you pronounce the word, it will mimic
the sound of what it is describing.

Examples:
1.) I ordered online proofreading services with
the click of a mouse.
2.) The loud boom of the fireworks scared the
dog.
Oxymoron – a phrase made of two or more
words that actually have opposite meanings.
When they are placed close together, they
create an interesting contrasting effect.

Examples:
-alone together
-clearly confused
-living dead
- almost exactly
Situational Irony: where actions or events
have the opposite result from what is
expected or what is intended

Examples:
1.) There are roaches infesting the office of a
pest control service.
2.) A plumber spends all day working on leaky
faucets and comes home to find a pipe has
burst in his home.
Verbal Irony: where someone says the
opposite of what they really mean or intend;
sarcasm is a form of verbal irony
Examples:
1.) Looking at her son’s messy room, Mom says,
“Wow, you could win an award for cleanliness!”
2.) On the way to school, the bus gets a flat tire
and the driver says, “Excellent! This day couldn’t
start off any better!”
Dramatic Irony: occurs when the audience or
reader of a text knows something that the
characters do not.
Examples:
1.) The audience knows that a killer is hiding
in the closet, but the girl in the horror movie
does not.
2.) The reader knows that a storm is coming,
but the children playing on the playground
do not.