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Simile - Compares two things that are
not alike by using the words like or as.

1.) The town square was buzzing like a
2.) Life is like a box of chocolates.
3.) Annette is blind as a bat.
Metaphor – Compares two things that
are not alike, but without using like or
as. Usually uses a form of the verb “to
1.) The snow is a white blanket.
2.) The classroom was a zoo.
3.) Their home is a prison.
Practice: Write whether each
sentence/expression is a simile or a
1.) Time is money.
2.) Ronald is cool as a cucumber.
3.) The jug is dry as a bone.
4.) My kid’s room is a disaster area.
5.) Her angry words were bullets to him.
Hyperboles – when you use language to
exaggerate what you mean or emphasize a
point. It is often used to make something
sound much bigger and better than it
actually is or to make something sound much
more dramatic.

1. He’s running faster than the wind!
2. This bag weighs a ton.

Write three examples of hyperboles in your


Alliteration – a poetic or literary technique
where a series of words in a sentence have
the same first consonant sound. In other
words: alliteration is when the beginning
sound of words are repeated in a close series.

1.) Peter Piper Picked a Peck of Pickled Peppers.
2.) Barry brought a book to bring to the
backyard barbeque.

Write three examples sentences that use


Personification – when non-human things are
given human characteristics. When a writer
brings a non-human object to life, it can help
us understand better what they’re trying to

1.) Rita heard the last piece of pie calling her
2.) My flowers were begging for water.
Onomatopoeia – a word that mimics the
sound of the object or action it refers to.
When you pronounce the word, it will mimic
the sound of what it is describing.

1.) I ordered online proofreading services with
the click of a mouse.
2.) The loud boom of the fireworks scared the
Oxymoron – a phrase made of two or more
words that actually have opposite meanings.
When they are placed close together, they
create an interesting contrasting effect.

-alone together
-clearly confused
-living dead
- almost exactly
Situational Irony: where actions or events
have the opposite result from what is
expected or what is intended

1.) There are roaches infesting the office of a
pest control service.
2.) A plumber spends all day working on leaky
faucets and comes home to find a pipe has
burst in his home.
Verbal Irony: where someone says the
opposite of what they really mean or intend;
sarcasm is a form of verbal irony
1.) Looking at her son’s messy room, Mom says,
“Wow, you could win an award for cleanliness!”
2.) On the way to school, the bus gets a flat tire
and the driver says, “Excellent! This day couldn’t
start off any better!”
Dramatic Irony: occurs when the audience or
reader of a text knows something that the
characters do not.
1.) The audience knows that a killer is hiding
in the closet, but the girl in the horror movie
does not.
2.) The reader knows that a storm is coming,
but the children playing on the playground
do not.