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PHY-601:Research Methodology



Gaushiya A. Shaikh
What is Research?
According to Theodorson, “Research is a systematic and objective attempt
to study a problem for the purpose of deriving general principles”.
Robert Burns describe Research as systematic investigation to find solution to a
problem. There are three parts involved in any investigation:
1. The implicit question posed.
2. The explicit answer proposed.
3. Collection, analysis and interpretation of the information leading from the
question to the answer.
What is the difference between the Search and
 In Research, we must looking into something, and if we look for
something it means Search.
 Search is try to locate something.
 Research is the systematic investigation to establish facts.
Criteria that defines a good
Research problem:
1) Significance to the discipline 9) Solvable / Researchable
2) Originality 10) Current
3) Feasibility 11) Interesting and innovative
4) Administrative support 12) Clear and definite
5) Peer support 13) Empirical and verifiable
6) Availability of subjects 14) Relevant
7) Researcher’s competency 15) Systematic
8) Ethical consideration
1)Significance to the discipline 2)Originality
 A problem which the researcher is  Every Research should be new,
selecting, should have significance to the unique in itself and nobody else
profession or discipline. has done the similar work.
Some of the criteria to evaluate the  Therefore it is the responsibility
significance to the discipline are given, of the researcher that innovative
The consumer benefit from the research knowledge is used for the
findings. selecting a research problem so as
Promotes the theory development and to extend the growth of existing
testing. body of knowledge in a
Provides solutions to the current practise profession.
Generate information to get practical
implications for the profession.
 Feasibility is an essential
consideration of any research
 A research should be feasible in
terms of time, availability of 4)Administrative
subjects, facilities, equipment & Support
money and ethical consideration.
 Many researches require
administrative support.
 Financial & psychological
support is essential to
conduct research.
5)Peer Support 6)Availability of Subjects
 Many research ideas have Sometimes the potential
failed because the subjects may not meet the
researcher did not receive study criteria or may be
any peer support. unwilling to participate in the
 It is useful to researchers study.
for increasing the level of Therefore the availability of
self-esteem, confidence and the subjects should be well
positive feelings that they ensured in advance.
are doing the research in a
good and meaningful way.
 A climate of shared interest
among the professional
members promote research
activities smoothly.
7)Researcher’s competence 8)Ethical Consideration
 A research problem can only  The selected research
be feasible if it is in problem should be
accordance with the ethically approved by the
researcher’s competence. ethical committee.
 A researcher should be  Research often involves a
capable to handle a given great deal of cooperation
research problem. among many different
people in a different
disciplines, ethical
standards promotes the
values that are essential to
collaborative work, such as
trust, accountability and
mutual respect.
 Only a research problem which is
solvable, is considered to be
 A researcher should have to
minimize the chance of 10)Current research problem
 A good research problem must
be based on the current
problems and needs of
 Thus the generated result will
be more useful.
11)Interesting and Innovative 12)Clear and Definite
 A research problem must be  The research problem should
motivated to the researcher and be cleared and definite that's
it should be fascinating to the reflect the various aspects of
researcher. methodology.
 The research problem should be 13)Empirical and verifiable
novel, unique and innovative
that attract the attention of the  The selected research
people. problem should amenable
 Thus a researcher will be or agreeable to scientific
conducted it with all enthusiasm enquiry.
and not merely for its  The research should be
accomplishment. verifiable by scientific

 The chosen research problem should be relevant

to the profession, time need and the competency
of the researcher.

 The research problem should be

systematic-in the sense, the researcher
should have to arrive at that problem
statement with the relevant selection
parameters or criteria.
Thank You