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Examples
(Word
Problems)
Example 1.2
✘ When digging into the earth, the temperature rises
according to the following linear equation:
t=15+0.01h, where t is the increase in temperature in
degrees, and h is the depth in meters. Calculate:

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Example 1.2
✘  A. The temperature when you’ve dug down 100
meters?
All we need to do here is substitute h=100m, so we
have:

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Example 1.2
✘  B. What depth would you have to be in to reach a
temperature of 100°C?
Now we must substitute 100 degrees into the entire left-hand side and
solve:

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Example 1.3
✘  For your bicycle business, the net profit (in pesos) for
renting b bicycles is given by: P(b)=25b+7.
✘ A. What is your net profit if someone rented out 6
bikes?
Substitute b=6:

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Example 1.3
✘  B. What is your net profit if you rent out 10 bikes?
Substitute b=10:

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Example 1.3
✘  C. How many bikes would you need to rent out to
obtain a net profit of Php. 507?
Substitute P(b)=507:

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Example 2.2
✘ It has been observed that a particular plant’s growth is
directly proportional to time. It measured 2cm when it
arrived at the nursery, and 2.5cm exactly one week
later. If the plant continues to grow at this rate,
determine the function that represents the plant’s
growth.

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Example 2.2
✘  Solving this problem we need to consider the “base”
value which in this case is 2cm. After another week, it
grew an additional 0.5cm. If we assume that it grows
an additional 0.5cm every week, then our equation
would be:

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Example 2.2

✘ You
  should notice from this example and the previous example that a
familiar pattern rises from linear function problems. You have a base
value (b), and a "rate” (m) at which the value would change. In the first
problem, that would be the “10 pesos per sinker ordered,” while in this
problem it’s the “0.5cm per week” growth. Oftentimes, it would be
phrased like this or similar to this. That would leave us with a
generalized formula of:

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Example 2.3
✘ A car rental charge is Php. 500 per day plus Php. 60
per kilometer travelled. Determine the equation of the
function given.

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Example 2.3
✘  Using the formula mentioned earlier, let’s figure out
the base (or more accurately, the constant b), and the
rate value (more accurately called the slope, m).
Reading the problem we should see that the b=500
and m=60, so our function becomes:

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THANKS!
Any questions?
Remember to check out my contact information on this slide.

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