Sunteți pe pagina 1din 30

Cylindrical rotor motor

Conical rotor motor


Cylindrical rotor motor with brake
Insulation Classes
Protection IP..
First digit: Second digit:
IP..
Ingress of solid objects Ingress of liquids
0
No protection No protection
1 Protected against solid objects over Protected against vertically falling drops of water or
50mm e.g. hands, large tools. condensation.
2 Protected against solid objects over Protected against falling drops of water, if the case is
12.5mm e.g. hands, large tools. disposed up to 15 from vertical.
3
Protected against solid objects over Protected against sprays of water from any direction,
2.5mm e.g. wire, small tools. even if the case is disposed up to 60from vertical.
4 Protected against solid objects over
1.0mm e.g. wires. Protected against splash water from any direction.
5 Limited protection against dust
ingress.
Protected against low pressure water jets from any
  (no harmful deposit) direction. Limited ingress permitted.
6 Totally protected against dust Protected against high pressure water jets from any
ingress. direction. Limited ingress permitted.
7 N/A Protected against short periods of immersion in water.
8 Protected against long, durable periods of immersion in
N/A water.
9k Protected against close-range high pressure, high
N/A temperature spray downs.
Nominal motor torque

M = 9550 * P / N in Nm

Where
P = motor kW
N = rotational speed
CDF % or ED % hoisting motors
CDF % or ED % travel motors
Short term duty
Short term duty
Principles for Motors
Principles for Motors
Principles for Motors
Principles for Motors
Principles for Motors
Principles for Motors
Principles for Motors
How to select a motor for hoisting
We will need the mass of what we want to lift and the speed.
We would also need to know the efficiency of the lifting
device

Assuming the following:

We want to lift 10 000 kg with a speed of 10 m/min.

We will use our hoist or a winch to lift and we assume that


the efficiency of the hoist gear box is 0.85
How to select a motor for hoisting
The gravity we will assume to be 9.81 m/s2.

Following will give us the necessary motor power to lift the


load:

kW = 10 000 * 9.81 * 10/60 /.85 / 1000 = 19.24 kW

Above calculation is based on the standard laws from Physics:

Effect = Force * speed


Where Force = 10000 * 9.81 / .85
And the speed is 10/60
Gear box ratio for hoisting

If you want to know the gear box ration for the hoist: We will use
MT 525 4/1 but do not have 10 m/min, so you need to decide on a
new gear box:
Rope reeving is 4/1, so we need to roll 40 m of wire rope onto the
drum per minute.
We normally use a 4/12 pole motor. We have a standard motor
running 1465 rpm at nominal speed.
Drum diameter is 265 mm = 0.265 m
Circumference of the drum is 0.265 * Pii = 0.83 m
And we need to roll 40 m wire onto the drum per minute so we
need to have the drum to rotate 40/.83 = 48 times per minute.
So we will need a gear box ratio = 1465 / 48 = 30.5.
How to decide the kW for travelling
motors
Again we need to know what we are going to move.
We have a crane with a total dead weight of 10 000 kg
And we have a Safe Working Load SWL of 20 000 kg
And we want to travel with a speed of 40 m/min.

When a crane travel on a rail, there is friction resistance


and rolling resistance, which one can calculate accurately,
but it is not a significant contribution. Therefore we have
selected to use a standard acceleration of 0.15 m/s2 to
cover this plus the normal acceleration of the crane. This
will apply for speeds not exceeding 63 m/min.
How to decide the kW for travelling
motors
Again we will use the laws of Physics.

kW = (10 000 + 20 000) * .15 * 40/60 /1000 = 3.00 kW

And we will need a motor on each side of the crane, so we will


need to select 2 motors each minimum 1.5 kW.

Experience has shown, that one only needs to consider the total
weight and divide the result by 2. The steel structure is sufficiently
stiff to move the crane even if the load is at one end of the crane.
In the above formula the following forces and speed is considered:
Force : (10 000 + 20 000) * .15 [N]
Speed: 40/60 [m/s]
And you want to know the gear box
ratio for the travel drive?
We will assume that we have to use a 315 mm wheel.
And we will use a 4/12 pole travel motor with a nominal speed of
1440 rpm. Travel speed was 40 m/min.

Circumference of the wheel: 0.315 * Pii = 0.99 m


We want to travel 40 m/min, so we need the wheel to rotate
40/.99 = 40.4 times per minute.
The motors runs 1440 rpm, so we need to have a gear box, which
reduces the speed to 40.4 i. e. gear box ratio = 1440/40.4 = 35.6
Checking the motor torque
We had a formula for the motor torque:
M = 9550 * p / n in Nm

M = 9550 * 3 / 1440 = 19,90 Nm

And we wanted a force of (10 000 + 20 000) * .15 = 4500 N

If we now take the moment of 19,90, multiplies with the gear


box ratio and divides it by wheel radius we should get 4500:

19,90 * 35.6 / (0.315/2) = 4497 ~ 4500.

OK
Checking the motor torque
And if we look at the curve below, we will see that the
motor is much stronger so the motor will always be able
to move the crane!!!!!
Max wheel load
Max wheel load is 12 000 kg

If the crane hits the end stopper when the motor is on or the
brake is engaged, the wheel will skip, and a moment will
be transferred to the gear box from the friction force
between the wheel and the rail.

For a 315 mm wheel with a wheel load of 12 000 kg this is


equivalent to a moment of

0.2 * 12000 * 0.315/2 * 9.81 = 3708 Nm.


Max wheel load
We have selected a gear box based on a motor, which has a
torque of 19.9 Nm giving an out put torque at the wheel shaft of
19.9 * 35.6 = 708 Nm
Inverter drive
What does the inverter drive do to the travel motion

If you have ever been in an elevator in a new high rise


building, you will have noticed that you do not feel that the
you are moving.

The same the inverter can do to the crane movement


Inverter drive
The inverter can rotate the motor from very slow to full
speed by changing the frequency from 0-50 Hz or more.
Inverter drive