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Presented by:

2addiction
MBA-HRM
x 

eed Theories Of
Motivation
½efinition of Motivation

Motivation
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G Groups of
Motivational Theories
ΠInternal
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ΠProcess
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Œ Ñ ternal
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Maslow͛s Hierarchy of eeds
Motivational Theories X & Y

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McGregor͛s Assumptions
About People Based on Theory X
Πaturally indolent
ΠLack ambition, dislike
responsibility, and prefer to be
led
ΠInherently self-centered and
indifferent to organizational
needs
Πaturally resistant to change
ΠGullible, not bright, ready
dupes
McGregor͛s Assumptions
About People Based on Theory Y

Œ Ñ periences in organizations result in passive and


resistant behaviors; they are not inherent
ΠMotivation, development potential, capacity for
assuming responsibility, readiness to direct behavior
toward organizational goals are present in people
Œ Management͛s taskͶarrange conditions and
operational methods so people can achieve their
own goals by directing efforts to organizational goals
Alderfer͛s ÑRG Theory

  
 

  

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McClelland͛s eed Theory:
eed for Achievement
eed for Achievement -
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McClelland͛s eed Theory:
eed for Power
eed for Power ʹ
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McClelland͛s eed Theory:
eed for Affiliation
eed for Affiliation - a manifest need that concerns an
individual͛s need to establish and maintain warm, close,
intimate relationships with other people
G Motivational eed Theories
Maslow Alderfer McClelland
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Herzberg͛s Two-Factor Theory

Hygiene Factor - $  „   „„


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MotivationʹHygiene
Theory of Motivation
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Motivation-Hygiene Combinations

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Adams͛s Theory of Inequity

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Ñ pectancy Theory of
Motivation: Key Constructs

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Ñ pectancy Model of Motivation

Ñffort
Ñffort Performance Reward

Perceived effortʹ Perceived Perceived


performance performanceʹ value of reward
probability reward probability
͞If I work hard, ͞What rewards ͞What rewards
will I get the job will I get when do I value?͟
done?͟ the job is well
done?͟
G Causes of
Motivational Problems

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Moral Maturity
Moral Maturity - „  
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