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ARII PROTEJATE

Categorii si criterii de conservare conform IUCN Seminar II

IUCN (The World Conservation Union) - Uniunea Internationala pentru Conservarea Naturii

 Sistem pentru definirea si clasificarea

ariilor protejate (IUCN a definit ase categorii principale de arii protejate n func ie de obiectivele principale de management)

 Cartea rosie a speciilor amenintate

Scopuri majore ale managementului ariei protejate conform IUCN


     

protejarea habitatelor, a ecosistemelor si speciilor protectia diversitatii speciilor si a diversitatii genetice protectia unor trasaturi naturale si culturale specifice utilizarea durabila a resurselor ecosistemelor naturale mentinerea caracteristicilor culturale si traditionale turism

Categorii de Management IUCN

CATEGORIA I.a Rezervatie Naturala Stricta


arie protejata gestionata n principal pentru cercetare stiintifica
Denumirea categoriei in Romania Rezervatie stiintifica

Categorii de Management IUCN

CATEGORIA I.b Arie Naturala Salbatica


- arie protejata gestionata n principal pentru protectia salbaticiei
Denumirea categoriei in Romania - nu exista nici o arie protejata incadrata in aceasta categorie in Romania

Categorii de Management IUCN

CATEGORIA II Parc National


arie protejata gestionata in principal pentru protectia ecosistemelor si recreere
Denumirea categoriei in Romania - Parc National

Parcul National Retezat Masivul Retezat, una dintre cele mai valoroase zone montane din Romnia, a fost recunoscut ca Parc National nca din anul 1935, fiind astfel primul parc national legal constituit din tara noastra.

Categorii de Management IUCN

CATEGORIA III Monument Natural


arie protejata gestionata n principal pentru conservarea trasaturilor naturale specifice
Denumirea categoriei in Romania Monument Natural/Monument al Naturii

Laleaua pestrita monument al naturii - Voivodeni

Categorii de Management IUCN

CATEGORIA IV Arie de Gestionare a Habitatelor/Speciilor


arie protejata gestionata n principal pentru conservare prin interventii de management Denumirea categoriei in Romania - Rezervatie Naturala
Importanta rezervatie naturala este rezervatia naturala Bucegi, care se intinde pe o suprafata 6700 ha si cuprindeversantii nordici, vestici si estici ai Masivului Bucegi, vaile Caraimanului, Costilei si Jepilor, varful Omu si platoul Bucegi cu vestitele stanci numite "Babele".

Categorii de Management IUCN

CATEGORIA V Peisaj Terestru/Marin Protejat


arie protejata gestionata n principal pentru conservarea peisajelor terestre/marine si recreere
Denumirea categoriei in Romania Rezervatie Peisagistica

Rezervatia peisagistica- Piatra Cetii

Categorii de Management IUCN

CATEGORIA VI Arie Protejata cu Resurse Gestionate


arie protejata gestionata in principal pentru utilizarea durabila a ecosistemelor naturale
Denumirea categoriei in Romania -Nu exista nici o arie protejata incadrata in aceasta categorie in Romania

Corespondenta categorii IUCN - categorii nationale


Nr. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Categorie de arie protejata conform legislatiei romanesti Rezervatii stiintifice Parcuri nationale Monumente ale naturii Rezervatii naturale Parcuri naturale Rezervatiile biosferei Arii speciale de conservare Arii de protectie avifaunistica Situri de importanta comunitara Geoparcul Corespondenta IUCN I II III IV V Nu are V V V Nu are Scop de management Scopuri stiintifice Protectia ecosistemelor si recreere Conservarea elementelor naturale Conservare prin interventii de gospodarire Conservarea peisajului si recreere Protectia patrimoniului mondial cultural si natural sub egida UNESCO Conservarea tipurilor de habitate si specii conform Directivei Habitate Protectia speciilor de pasari conform Directivei Pasari Conservarea tipurilor de habitate si specii conform Directivei Habitate Reglementari stabilite de UNESCO

Categorii de Management IUCN


Categorii de specii conform IUCN

Categorii de Management IUCN




Criterii cantitative de integrare a unui taxon intr-o categorie periclitata


A. populatie in declin (in trecut, prezent si probabil viitor) B. dimensiunea arealului geografic (extinderea arealului de distributie sau aria efectiva de prezenta) C. dimensiunea populatiei, fragmentarea, declinul si fluctuatiile D. populatie foarte mica si cu distributie limitata E. analiza riscului de extinctie a populatiei (analiza viabilitatii populatiei)

 

  

Categorii de Management IUCN

Categorii de Management IUCN


Exemplu:
CRITICALLY ENDANGERED (CR) A. Reduction in population size based on any of the following: 1. An observed, estimated, inferred or suspected population size reduction of 90% over the last 10 years or three generations, whichever is the longer, where the causes of the reduction are clearly reversible AND understood AND ceased, based on (and specifying) any of the following: (a) direct observation (b) an index of abundance appropriate to the taxon (c) a decline in area of occupancy, extent of occurrence and/or quality of habitat (d) actual or potential levels of exploitation (e) the effects of introduced taxa, hybridization, pathogens, pollutants, competitors or parasites. 2. An observed, estimated, inferred or suspected population size reduction of 80% over the last 10 years or three generations, whichever is the longer, where the reduction or its causes may not have ceased OR may not be understood OR may not be reversible, based on (and specifying) any of (a) to (e) under A1. 3. A population size reduction of 80%, projected or suspected to be met within the next 10 years or three generations, whichever is the longer (up to a maximum of 100 years), based on (and specifying) any of (b) to (e) under A1. 4. An observed, estimated, inferred, projected or suspected population size reduction of 80% over any 10 year or three generation period, whichever is longer (up to a maximum of 100 years in the future), where the time period must include both the past and the future, and where the reduction or its causes may not have ceased OR may not be understood OR may not be reversible, based on (and specifying) any of (a) to (e) under A1.


 

     

Categorii de Management IUCN


                          

B.Geographic range in the form of either B1 (extent of occurrence) OR B2 (area of occupancy) OR both: 1. Extent of occurrence estimated to be less than 100 km2, and estimates indicating at least two of a-c: a. Severely fragmented or known to exist at only a single location. b. Continuing decline, observed, inferred or projected, in any of the following: (i) extent of occurrence (ii) area of occupancy (iii) area, extent and/or quality of habitat (iv) number of locations or subpopulations (v) number of mature individuals. c. Extreme fluctuations in any of the following: (i) extent of occurrence (ii) area of occupancy (iii) number of locations or subpopulations (iv) number of mature individuals. 2. Area of occupancy estimated to be less than 10 km2, and estimates indicating at least two of a-c: a. Severely fragmented or known to exist at only a single location. b. Continuing decline, observed, inferred or projected, in any of the following: (i) extent of occurrence (ii) area of occupancy (iii) area, extent and/or quality of habitat (iv) number of locations or subpopulations (v) number of mature individuals. c. Extreme fluctuations in any of the following: (i) extent of occurrence (ii) area of occupancy (iii) number of locations or subpopulations (iv) number of mature individuals.

Categorii de Management IUCN




C.Population size estimated to number fewer than 250 mature individuals and either

     

1. An estimated continuing decline of at least 25% within three years or one generation, whichever is longer, (up to a maximum of 100 years in the future) OR 2. A continuing decline, observed, projected, or inferred, in numbers of mature individuals AND at least one of the following (a-b): (a) Population structure in the form of one of the following: (i) no subpopulation estimated to contain more than 50 mature individuals, OR (ii) at least 90% of mature individuals in one subpopulation. (b) Extreme fluctuations in number of mature individuals. D. Population size estimated to number fewer than 50 mature individuals. E. Quantitative analysis showing the probability of extinction in the wild is at least 50% within 10 years or three generations, whichever is the longer (up to a maximum of 100 years).

Categorii de Management IUCN


Exemple: Specii de crustacee decapode de la litoralul romanesc evaluate conform IUCN

Infraorder CARIDEA Superfamily ALPHAEOIDEA Family HIPPOLYTIDAE Genus HIPPOLYTE Leach 1814 Hippolyte leptocerus (Heller 1863) Synonims: Hippolyte longirostris (Czerniavsky 1868) RBS REGIONAL IUCN STATUS: Critically Endangered CR A1abcB1a

Categorii de Management IUCN

Infraorder CARIDEA Superfamily ALPHAEOIDEA Family HIPPOLYTIDAE Genus HIPPOLYTE Leach 1814 Hippolyte inermis (Leach, 1815)

RBS REGIONAL IUCN STATUS: Not Applicable NA-vagrant

Categorii de Management IUCN

Infraorder CARIDEA Superfamily CRANGONOIDEA Family CRANGONIDAE Genus PHYLOCHERAS Stebbing 1990 Phylocheras trispinosus (Hailstone 1835) Synonims: Ponthophilus trispinosus (Hailstone 1835) RBS REGIONAL IUCN STATUS: Regionally Extinct RE

Categorii de Management IUCN

Infraorder CARIDEA Superfamily PALAEMONONOIDEA Family PALAEMONIDAE Genus PALAEMON Weber 1795 Palaemon elegans (Rathke 1843)

RBS REGIONAL IUCN STATUS: Least Concern LC

Categorii de Management IUCN

Infraorder BRACHYURA Superfamily PORTUNOIDEA Family PORTUNIDAE Genus POLYBIUS Polybius navigator (Herbst 1794) Synonims: Liocarcinus arcuatus (Leach 1814) Macropipus arcuatus (Leach 1814) RBS REGIONAL IUCN STATUS: Endagered EN A1abcB1ab(i,ii,iii,iv,v)c(i,ii,iii,iv)+2ab(i,ii, iii,iv,v)c(i,ii,iii,iv)

Categorii de Management IUCN

Infraorder BRACHYURA Superfamily PORTUNOIDEA Family PORTUNIDAE Genus CALLINECTES Stimpson 1860 Callinectes sapidus (Rathbun 1896)

RBS REGIONAL IUCN STATUS: Not Applicable NA-introduced, vagrant