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Circulation system

By FEBRINA

Is the human transport system Consist of heart, blood vessels and bloods which flow inside the blood vessels

The circulation system

The cone shape Located in the thoracic cavity The wall is composed by cardiac muscle Divides into 4 chambers The wall of ventricle is

Structure and function of heart

The function of heart


Pumping blood to all part of the body

The tricuspid valve is found between the right atrium and the right ventricle The bicuspid valve is found between the left atrium and the right ventricle The semilunar valves are located at the beginning of

3 types of valves inside the heart

The function of valves


Two sets of valves lie between the atria and ventricle allow blood to flow in the one direction, from the atria to the ventricle The semilunar valve allow blood to flow in the one direction, from the ventricle to

Blood vessels and their function


There are 3 types of blood vessels, that are the arteries, veins and capillaries. The human circulatory system is called a closed system because all of the blood vessels linked together and bloods flow inside the blood

Comparing an artery, a vein and a capillary


Characterist ic Size of lumen Thickness of wall Blood flow artery small Thick, elastic muscular Fast and under very high pressure vein big capillary Small

Thinner, less One-cell elastic thick wall muscular Slow and Slow and under low under low pressure pressure

valves Color of blood inside

absent

present

Absent

Bright red, Dark red, Bright red, contains contains contains oxygenated deoxygenat oxygenated blood ed blood blood to except for except for the tissues pulmonary pulmonary Dark red, artery vein contains deoxygenat ed blood from the tissues

function

Carries blood away from the heart to all parts of the body

Carries blood from all parts of the body to the heart

Connect arteries and veins Allow exchange of substances between blood and body cells by simple diffusion Involved the release of excess heat from the body

Comparison between oxygenated and deoxygenated blood Characteristic Oxygenated blood Deoxygenated blood
Where it is carried In all arteries except In all veins except the pulmonary the pulmonary vein arteries Color of blood Composition of blood Bright red Dark red

Contains oxygen in Contains the oxygen the form of but more oxyhemoglobin carbondioxide

Path of blood flow


The human circulatory system is called a double circulatory system, because the blood in the body is pumped twice through the heart The human circulatory system can be divided into two parts The pulmonary circulation goes from heart to the lungs and back to the heart The systemic circulation goes from the heart to all part of the body except the lungs and back to the heart