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Wastewater

22 September 2008
Outline

 Current Situation
 Wastewater Services
 Sewerage
 Sanitation
 Wastewater Operations
Angat
Dam
La Mesa
Dam Rizal Province
Watersheds

San Juan
River
Marikina
River

Manila Bay
Pasig
River

Laguna Lake
Current Situation

35 percent reside in informal "slum" settlements with


improper sanitation facilities
Current Situation

In 1997, only 3% of Metro Manila had access to sewerage system


Current Situation

More than 80% of Metro Manila use septic tanks most of which are
improperly designed and not maintained
Current Situation

Wastewater continue to discharge to rivers, more than half of


which come from households
Current Situation

a result, all of Metro Manila’s major river systems are biologically dead
with zero dissolved oxygen levels most of the year
Current Situation

Approximately 31 percent of illnesses monitored


for a five-year period were caused by water-
borne sources
Current Situation
Negative impacts to health, loss in tourism and fisheries
total to billions of pesos annually.

Total: P 67 B/year

P 7B Health
P 17B
P 47B Tourism Fisheries

Annual Economic Losses from Water


Source: Philippine Environment Monitor 2003 (World
Pollution Bank)
Wastewater Basics
Manila Water’s Work

Water treatment and supply

Wastewater collection, treatment &


disposal
W
W Strategy

SEWAGE

SEWERAGE SANITATION (Septic Tanks)


● Sewer Network ● Septic Tanks, anaerobic / sedimentation
● Sewage Treatment Plant (STP) / Communal ● Regular siphoning, once in 5-7 years
Septic Tank (CST)
● Septage Treatment Plant (SpTP)

● 31 STPs, 22 CSTs
● 92 Desludging Trucks
● 220 km sewer network
● 2 SpTP
Sewerage
Sewerage

Sewerage

Sewage
Treatment
Sewage Plant

Conveyed by sewer Treate


lines to Sewage d
Treatment Plants (STP) Water
1997 Situation
Sanitation Condition in Metro Manila (1997)

Sewer Coverage Among


Cities in Asia (1997)
120
100
100
80
80 68
60
% 60
41
40 30
20 12
3
0
Manila Dhaka Delhi Phnom Kuala Hong Kong Ho Chi Shanghai
Penh Lumpur Minh

1997 Sewer
Coverage (%)

Source: Water For All 2006 (Sector Profile, ADB)


Sewerage

 Operate existing Facilities


 31 sewage treatment
plants (STP); 85 MLD
 213 km of sewer network

 Construct new STPs via


Design and Build
 2008: 1 STP; 4 MLD
 2009: 8 STPs; 60 MLD
 2010: 3 STPs; 23 MLD

 Capital Investments:
 1997-2006: P1 B
 2007-2010: P 5 B
 2011-2022: P 31 B
Wastewater Management Systems

Septic Tank effluent & other Drainag


domestic wastewater fall e Lines
into Drainage eventually Separate Sewer Lines
R reaching rivers & creeks
R
iv iv
er er
Sewage
Treatment
Plant
Groundwater Pollution

Latrines and Septic Tanks Separate Sewer System

Legend:
Sewage Flow
Storm water / Drainage Flow
Combined Sewage-Drainage Flow
WwTP Effluent
Strategy for Sewerage Expansion

Combined Sewage-Drainage System

Combined Sewer-Drainage Lines


In
te
rc
e pt
ro
Sy
st
em

Sewage
Treatment
R

Plant
iv
er

Treated Water
Wastewater Expansion

3% 12% 30% 63%

1997 2008 2010 2022

Before Privatization MSSP MTSP Master Plan


• Inadequate wastewater • Package STP approach • Septage Management • 8 Major Combined
facilities • Septage Management • Combined sewer systems Sewage Treatment
Pilots systems
Sanitation
Septic Tanks in Metro Manila

Majority of residences and


institutions in Metro Manila

Not properly designed


Not regularly
desludged
Septic Tanks
 Onsite, decentralized system
 Functions:
 Settlable & floating solids removal
 Preliminary BOD reduction (incomplete)
Wastewater Expansion

Desludging

Septage

SEPTIC TANK
Septage Management System

Desludging Works

Wastewater Treatment and Re-use

Septage Treatment

Biosolids Disposal
Plans – Septic Tank Desludging

Number of Desludging Tankers 138

123

100

53

50

17
14
7
1

0
1997-1998 1999-2000 2001-2002 2003-2004 2005-2006 2007-2016 2017-2022
•Septage Treatment Plants

NORTH (SAN MATEO)


Septage 586 m3/day
Operational

SOUTH (FTI TAGUIG)


Septage 814 m3/day
+ FTI WW 2,000m3/day
Operational

EAST (PINUGAY
ANTIPOLO)
Septage 600 m3/day
On-going
Accomplishments

Q2 08: 351,857 HH

North STP

East STP

South STP
Wastewater Operations
Table of Organization
Table of Organization
Area Operations
List of STPs
NORTH EAST WEST SOUTH
UP Karangalan 1 Makati South Diego Silang
Fisheries Karangalan 2 Guadalupe Lakeview
Pag-Asa Karangalan 3 Mandaluyong MRH Maharlika
PhilAm Karangalan 4 Centennial
Heroes Hill Karangalan 5 Fortville
Kalayaan Karangalan 6 Bagong Lipunan
Sikatuna Karangalan 7 Makati Pabahay
Belarmino Karangalan 9 FTI SpTP
A Luna Valle Verde (Boni Water STP)
Palosapis
San Mateo SpTP

Olandes Pineda Makati Poblacion Pinagsama


Road 5 Pasig Market Libingan Baybreeze
East Ave Ortigas BWC SPS1
3 Marikina STPs
3 Rodriguez STPs
W
W WW Operations

SANITATION: Desludging
Team

 8 Coordinators (1 for
each Business Area)
 Service Provider
Territory Management
Setup
4. Desludging
Complaints
5. Desludging Requests
6. Free Program
7. LGU Relations
8. Desludging
Activities*
W
W WW Operations

SEWERAGE: Network Team

 4 Teams
 22 Personnel
Territory Management
Setup
4. Sewer Complaints
5. Declogging activities
6. Regular maintenance
7. Main line repairs
8. Sewer Connections*
W
W WW Operations

SEWERAGE: STP Team

 4 Clusters
 34 Operators
Cluster Management
setup
4. Roaming system
5. Per STP ownership
6. Augmentation
W
W Quezon City STPs

Fisheries STP
Road 5 CST
Pag-Asa Bliss UP STP
STP

Matiwasay
CST
Phil-Am STP
East
Avenue Sikatuna
Heroes Bliss STP
Hill STP CST
Sct.
Santiago Kalayaan STP
CST
Mapagmahal Palosapis STP
CST Anonas CST
Roxas CSTs (13)
Rimas CST A. Luna STP

Zobel-Kalantiaw CST Belarmino STP

CST coverage
STP coverage
W
W Makati City STPs

STP coverage

Guadalupe BLISS STP

Makati Pabahay STP

Makati South STP


W
W Taguig STPs

STP coverage
Boni WaterSTP

Lakeview STP

Fortville STP

Diego Silang STP


Centennial STP

Bagong Lipunan STP

Maharlika STP
W
W Cainta, Rizal STPs

STP coverage

Karangalan 1 STP

Karangalan 2 STP

Karangalan 3 STP
W
W Pasig STPs

STP coverage

Karangalan 4-9 STP


W
W Mandaluyong STP

STP coverage

Mandaluyong MRH STP


W
W Septage Treatment Plants

San Mateo SpTP (North)

FTI SpTP (South)


Thank you.