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ZIGBEE

BY: A.RAKESH (08B81A0472)

WHAT IS ZIGBEE?
Technological Standard Created for Control and Sensor Networks Based on the IEEE 802.15.4 Standard Created by the ZigBee Alliance

SENSOR/CONTROL NETWORK REQUIREMENTS


Large networks (large number of devices and large coverage area) that can form autonomously and that will operate very reliably for years without any operator intervention Very long battery life (years off of a AA cell), very low infrastructure cost (low device & setup costs) and very low complexity and small size Device data rate and QoS needs are low Standardized protocols are necessary to allow multiple vendors to interoperate

WHY ZIGBEE?
Reliable Mesh networking Low data-rate applications Very long battery life Secure Scalable Low cost Global applicability

HOW DOES ZIGBEE WORK?


Engineers feel Wi-Fi and Bluetooth may be unsuitable. This spawned the idea of digital radio networks via direct-sequence spread spectrum coding. ZigBee-compliant radios may operate on one of three different radio bands: the 800 MHz, 900 MHz, or 2.4 GHz frequencies. Follows the internationally recognized radio standard for the MAC and PHY Layer.

TARGET MARKETS
Monitors Sensor s Automatio n Control Industrial & Commercial Consumer Electronics TV VCR DVD CD Remote

PC Peripherals Mouse Keyboard Joystic k Gamepad

Personal Healthcare

Low Data Rate Radio Devices

Monitors Diagnostic s Sensor s

Toys & Games

PETs Gameboy s Educationa l

Home Automation

Security HVAC Lighting Closure s

PC And Peripherals
Desktop PCs and Home Entertainment Systems (Home Theatre TV) o Computer peripherals; o HID devices Video conference equipment o Remote control Video gaming equipment o Multi-player PC & video games o Remote controls for audio and video equipment

Human Input Devices (HID)


Keyboard Mouse / Pointing Device Remote Controls (controls for audio & video equipment) Gaming device Double Joystick

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PATIENT MONITORING
May allow more patient freedom o Monitors vital statistics and sends via internet  Patient can remain in their own home  Lowers cost and improves comfort o Can be used in hospice care  Patients are allowed greater movement  Reduced staff to patient ratio  Light way to bathroom when they get out of bed 1010  Reduces patient confusion
graphic

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LIGHTING CONTROL
Wireless Lighting Control o Dimmable ballasts o Light switches anywhere o Customizable lighting schemes o Energy Saving on bright days

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ZIGBEE VS BLUETOOTH

ZIGBEE AND BLUETOOTH


Optimized for different applications
ZigBee
Bluetooth o Larger packets over small network o Smaller packets over o Ad-hoc networks large network o File transfer o Mostly Static networks o Screen graphics, pictures, handswith many, infrequently free audio, Mobile phones, headsets, PDAs, etc. used devices
o

Home automation, toys, remote controls, etc.

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ZIGBEE AND BLUETOOTH


Address Different Needs
Bluetooth is a cable replacement for items like Phones, Laptop Computers, Headsets Bluetooth expects regular charging o Target is to use <10% of host power
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ZIGBEE AND BLUETOOTH


Address Different Needs
ZigBee is better for devices Where the battery is rarely replaced o Targets are :  Tiny fraction of host power  New opportunities where wireless not yet used
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ZigBee and Bluetooth


CONCLUSION
ZigBee targets applications not addressable by Bluetooth or any other wireless standard ZigBee and Bluetooth complement for a broader solution

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TOPOLOGY MODELS
Allows users to balance system cost, reliability & battery life

Mesh
Reliability Extended Range No Battery Life Routing Complexity

Star
Simplicity Low Cost Long Battery Life Single Point of Failure

Hybrid (Cluster Tree) Flexibility


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Reliability/Range of Mesh Battery Life of Star Design Complexity

PAN coordinator Full Function Device Function Reduced Device

ZIGBEE MESH NETWORKING

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ZIGBEE MESH NETWORKING

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ZIGBEE MESH NETWORKING

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ZIGBEE MESH NETWORKING

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ZIGBEE MESH NETWORKING

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IEEE 802.15.4
IEEE 802.15.4 is a standard defined by IEEE for low rate, wireless personal area network. The standard defines the Physical layer and Medium Access Layer

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IEEE 802.15.4 CONTINUED


PHY- It defines low power spread spectrum radio operating at 2.4 GHz with a basic data rate of 250 kbps MAC -defines how multiple 802.15.4 radios operating in the same area will share the airwaves. The MAC supports several architectures, including a star topology, tree topologies and mesh topologies

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THE ZIGBEE PLATFORM

End developer applications, designed using application ZA1 ZA2 ZAn IA1 IAn profiles Application interface designed API UDP using general profile IP Topology management, MAC management, routing, discovery ZigBee NWK 802.2 LLC protocol, security management MAC Channel access, PAN maintenance, IEEE 802.15.4 MAC reliable data transport Transmission & reception on the physical radio channel
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IEEE 802.15.4 PHY

DATA TRANSFER MODEL


Coordinator to Device Device to Coordinator

Beacon Enabled Mode

Non-Beacon Enabled Mode

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THE 802 WIRELESS SPACE


WWAN IEEE 802.22 IEEE 802.20 WMAN
Ra ng e

WiMax IEEE 802.16 WiFi 802.11

WLAN
ZigBee 802.15.4 Bluetoot h 802.15.1

WPAN 0.01

802.15.3 802.15.3a 802.15.3c 100 1000

0.1

1 Data Rate (Mbps)

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PROS AND CONS


Pros
Cons

good extension of existing Not many end devices available yet standards Single point of failure supported by many (centralized architecture) companies low power consumption low cost easy implemented (Designer concentrates on end application) flexible network structure

SOME PARTICIPANTS

CompXs

ZIGBEE ALLIANCE - MEMBERS

and many more....

Parting Thought
Just as the personal computer was a symbol of the '80s, and the symbol of the '90s is the World Wide Web, the next nonlinear shift, is going to be the advent of cheap sensors. -Paul Saffo Institute for the Future

Thank you for your attention!

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