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FAT FOOD CLASSES WATER CARBOHYDRATE VITAMINS, MINERALS, & ROUGHAGE PROTEIN

FAT

FAT FOOD CLASSES WATER CARBOHYDRATE VITAMINS, MINERALS, & ROUGHAGE PROTEIN
FAT FOOD CLASSES WATER CARBOHYDRATE VITAMINS, MINERALS, & ROUGHAGE PROTEIN
FOOD CLASSES
FOOD CLASSES

WATER

CARBOHYDRATE

FAT FOOD CLASSES WATER CARBOHYDRATE VITAMINS, MINERALS, & ROUGHAGE PROTEIN

VITAMINS,

MINERALS, &

ROUGHAGE

FAT FOOD CLASSES WATER CARBOHYDRATE VITAMINS, MINERALS, & ROUGHAGE PROTEIN

PROTEIN

FAT FOOD CLASSES WATER CARBOHYDRATE VITAMINS, MINERALS, & ROUGHAGE PROTEIN
THEME : MANAGEMENT AND CONTINUITY OF LIFE LEARNING AREA : NUTRITION

THEME :

THEME : MANAGEMENT AND CONTINUITY OF LIFE LEARNING AREA : NUTRITION

MANAGEMENT AND CONTINUITY OF LIFE

LEARNING AREA :

NUTRITION

THEME : MANAGEMENT AND CONTINUITY OF LIFE LEARNING AREA : NUTRITION

Learning Objectives : Understanding the digestive system of man Learning outcome: A student is able to:

  • explain what digestion is

  • identify the parts of the digestive system

Learning Objectives : Understanding the digestive system of man Learning outcome: A student is able to:
  • describe the flow of food particles in the alimentary canal

  • state the functions of the organs in the digestive system

  • describe the process of digestion in the alimentary canal

  • list the end products of digestion of carbohydrate, protein and fats

MOUTH

MOUTH LIVER GALLBLADDER OESOPHAGUS STOMACH PANCREAS LARGE INTESTINE INTESTINE SHORT MOVIE END PRODUCT

LIVER

MOUTH LIVER GALLBLADDER OESOPHAGUS STOMACH PANCREAS LARGE INTESTINE INTESTINE SHORT MOVIE END PRODUCT

GALLBLADDER

MOUTH LIVER GALLBLADDER OESOPHAGUS STOMACH PANCREAS LARGE INTESTINE INTESTINE SHORT MOVIE END PRODUCT
MOUTH LIVER GALLBLADDER OESOPHAGUS STOMACH PANCREAS LARGE INTESTINE INTESTINE SHORT MOVIE END PRODUCT

OESOPHAGUS

MOUTH LIVER GALLBLADDER OESOPHAGUS STOMACH PANCREAS LARGE INTESTINE INTESTINE SHORT MOVIE END PRODUCT

STOMACH

PANCREAS

LARGE

MOUTH LIVER GALLBLADDER OESOPHAGUS STOMACH PANCREAS LARGE INTESTINE INTESTINE SHORT MOVIE END PRODUCT

INTESTINE

SMALL

INTESTINE

MOUTH LIVER GALLBLADDER OESOPHAGUS STOMACH PANCREAS LARGE INTESTINE INTESTINE SHORT MOVIE END PRODUCT

SHORT

MOVIE

MOUTH LIVER GALLBLADDER OESOPHAGUS STOMACH PANCREAS LARGE INTESTINE INTESTINE SHORT MOVIE END PRODUCT

END

PRODUCT

The food in the mouth are cut up and grind into small pieces by the teeth.
The food in the mouth are cut up
and grind into small pieces by the
teeth. These food pieces would
provide a bigger surface area for
the enzyme. Food is mixed with
saliva.
Digestive action :
Starch → maltose (sugar)
Peristalsis which is caused by the muscles in the oesophagus push the food into the stomach
Peristalsis which is caused by the
muscles in the oesophagus push
the food into the stomach
The movement is supported by the
slippery mucus

1. The liver produces bile which is an alkaline and

kept in the gall bladder - Bile will digest fat to tiny particles

-This process is called emulsification

2. Pancreas produces pancreatic juice which is an

alkaline and it has 3 enzymes that can digest :

  • - Maltose → glucose

  • - Peptone → amino acid

  • - Fat → fatty acid & glycerol

1. The liver produces bile which is an alkaline and kept in the gall bladder -
Stomach has gastric juice which consists of some enzymes and hydrochloric acid. The functions of hydrochloric
Stomach has gastric juice which consists
of some enzymes and hydrochloric acid.
The functions of hydrochloric acid are:
- It provides an acidic medium for the
enzymes e.g. renin and pepsin to digest
protein in food.
The half digested food will be sent to
duodenum for the next process.

- It also kills microorganisms such as bacteria which enters the stomach.

Parts of the

Digestive

Enzymes

Digestive action

Further information

digestive system

juice

Duodenum

Bile

Fat → tiny

The result of this

(alkaline)

Pancreatic

particles

process is the

produced

amylase

(A process

increased of the

by the liver

Protease

which breaks

surface area of fat

and kept in the gall

Lipase

down the fat into tiny

particles. This would help the enzyme to

bladder

particles by the

react on the food

Pancraetic

bile which is

more easily

juice

called

The bile and the

(alkaline)

emulsification)

pancreatic juices

 

Maltose →

(alkaline) neutralises

glucose

the acid from the

Peptone →

stomach

amino acid

Fat → fatty

acid & glycerol

MORE

Parts of

system

Digestive

Enzymes

Digestive action

Further

the

juice

information

digestive

Small

Intestinal

Erepsin

Peptone → amino

Digested food is

intestine

juices

Several

acid

absorbed by tiny

(6 metres

from wall

other

Complex sugar →

villi which are

long)

of the

enzymes

simple sugar

found in the

small

to digest

Maltose → glucose

small intestinal

intestine

the

Sukrase → glucose

wall into the

(alkaline)

complex

+ fructose

blood stream

sugar

Lactase → glucose

Parts of system Digestive Enzymes Digestive action Further the juice information digestive Small Intestinal Erepsin Peptone
Parts of system Digestive Enzymes Digestive action Further the juice information digestive Small Intestinal Erepsin Peptone

Parts of

system

Digestive

Enzymes

Digestive

Further

the

juice

action

information

digestive

Large

None

None

None

Absorption of

intestine

water and waste is left.

Parts of system Digestive Enzymes Digestive Further the juice action information digestive Large None None None
LET US HAVE A LOOK AT AN INTERACTIVE VIEW
LET US HAVE A
LOOK AT AN
INTERACTIVE VIEW

OF WHAT HAPPEN IN

OUR DIGESTIVE TRACT ! ! !
OUR DIGESTIVE
TRACT ! ! !
LET US HAVE A LOOK AT AN INTERACTIVE VIEW OF WHAT HAPPEN IN OUR DIGESTIVE TRACT

THE END PRODUCTS OF DIGESTION OF

CARBOHYDRATE, PROTEIN AND FAT

CARBOHYDRATE → SIMPLE SUGAR → GLUCOSE,

( MALTOSE)

FRUCTOSE,

GALACTOSE

PROTEIN → PEPTONE → AMINO ACID

FAT → TINY FATTY PARTICLES → FATTY ACID & GLYCEROL

FAT → TINY FATTY PARTICLES → FATTY ACID & GLYCEROL

TASK SHEET

Procedure:

1

Observe a human digestive model/chart. Observe the various parts which make up the human digestive system.

2

Know the various parts of the human digestive and label the diagram provided: teeth, tongue, mouth, salivary gland, oesophagus, stomach, duodenum, small intestine, large , intestine, liver, pancreas, gal/ bladder, bile duct, anus

Discuss the functions of the various parts of the digestive system.

Working Method: ________________________________________________ __________________________________________________

TASK SHEET Procedure: 1 Observe a human digestive model/chart. Observe the various parts which make up

__________________________________________________

__________________________________________________

Observation: State the sequence of the organs which are passed by the

food.

__________________________________________________

__________________________________________________

Questions:

  • 1 What is digestion?

Observation: State the sequence of the organs which are passed by the food. __________________________________________________ __________________________________________________ Questions:

__________________________________________________

  • 2 What is the advantage of the muscular bag shaped stomach?

__________________________________________________

  • 3 What is the purpose of having a long small intestine? __________________________________________________

__________________________________________________

  • 4 How does food move along the alimentary canal?

__________________________________________________

  • 5 How is the digested food absorb?

Observation: State the sequence of the organs which are passed by the food. __________________________________________________ __________________________________________________ Questions:

__________________________________________________ Conclusion: The digestive system consists of several ____________

which helps to

_____________

food to simpler particles.

PARTS OF DIGESTIVE WHAT IS DIGESTION? SYSTEM THE FLOW OF FOOD PARTICLES IN THE ALIMENTARY SUMMARY
PARTS OF DIGESTIVE
WHAT IS DIGESTION?
SYSTEM
THE FLOW OF
FOOD
PARTICLES
IN THE
ALIMENTARY
SUMMARY
CANAL
THE
FUNCTIONS
OF THE
ORGANS IN
THE
DIGESTIVE
SYSTEM
THE PROCESS
THE END
OF DIGESTION
IN THE
ALIMENTARY
PRODUCTS OF
DIGESTION OF
CARBOHYDRATE,
CANAL
PROTEIN AND FATS

PROJECT

Title: Model of the human digestive system

Aim: To enhance the students’ knowledge about the

digestive system of man. To prepare items for the Science week . Learning outcome: Pupils will be more knowledgeable about the digestive system of a human being.

Materials: Plasticine, plywood, manila card, colour papers, magic ink pens

supplied by the Science department.

Time Allocation: 1 week after finishing the topic concern.

Workgroup: 4/5 pupils

PROJECT Title: Model of the human digestive system Aim: To enhance the students’ knowledge about the

Suggested Procedures:

  • Refer to any Science text book or the internet and look up for a

diagram showing a human being’s digestive system.

  • Study the diagram carefully and make a model of the digestive

system.

  • Your model must be as accurate proportionally to the actual organs of the digestive system.

Suggested Procedures: Refer to any Science text book or the internet and look up for a
  • You can add colour or whatever else that you can think of in order to enhance your model.

  • Your model must be properly labelled.

  • The functions of the various organs must also be available.

  • Extra marks will be given for tidiness.

Suggested Procedures: Refer to any Science text book or the internet and look up for a

THE

END