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# ECE 3151 - Spring 2010

## Examples of Transfer Function

Professor Marian S. Stachowicz Electrical and Computer Engineering Department, University of Minnesota Duluth

## January 26 - February 16, 2010

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Outline
Introduction - Behavior analysis - Audio amplifier example RLC circuit in time domain Frequency domain Definition of transfer function - Impedance approach Circuit equivalence Derivation of transfer function - Op amp circuits Conclusion References.
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Frequency Domain

## VR (s) = RI(s) VL (s) = sLI(s) VC (s) = 1 I(s) sC

Time constants:
VQ VQ = = sec Q AV V sec V A L sec TRL = = = sec V R A TRC = RC =

Frequency Domain

## Definition of Transfer Function

Transfer Function is the ratio of the output of a system to the input of a system, in the Laplace domain considering its initial conditions to be zero.

## Definition of Transfer Function

Transfer Function reveals how the circuit modifies the input amplitude in creating output amplitude. Therefore, transfer function describes how the circuit processes the input to produce output.

Impedance approach
Impedance Z(s) of a passive circuit is the ratio of the Laplace Transform of voltage across the circuit to the Laplace transform of the current through the circuit under the assumption of zero initial conditions.

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Frequency Domain

## V (s) =R I(s) V (s) = sL I(s) V (s) 1 = I(s) sC

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Impedances in series

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Impedances in parallel

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Impedance Approach

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Circuit Equivalence

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Voltage_divider

http://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Electronics/Thevenin/Nort on_Equivalents 15

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## Derivation of Transfer Function

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Op Amp Circuits

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Op Amp Circuits

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Op Amp Circuits

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Op Amp Circuits

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Op Amp Circuits

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Op Amp Circuits

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Op Amp Circuits

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Conclusion
RLC circuit in time domain Frequency domain Definition of transfer function Impedance approach Circuit equivalence Derivation of transfer function

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References
http://www.jsu.edu/depart/psychology/sebac/fac-sch/ksqab/Kessel_Poster.htm Gopal M, R. Control Systems Principles and Design. McGraw Hill. http://web.cecs.pdx.edu/~ece2xx/ECE222/Slides/Lapla ceCircuits.pdf http://cnx.org/content/m0028/latest/ http://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Control_Systems/Transfer _Functions http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Voltage_divider
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Questions

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