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TIMPURILE VERBELOR IN ENGLEZA

Pentru verbul in engleza timpurile difera fundamental fata de cele ale limbii romane. De aceea nu trebuie cautate in permanenta echivalente exacte intre cele doua limbi.

Asa cum ne asteptam exista 3 timpuri de desfasurare a unei actiuni: prezent(present), trecut(past) si viitor(future). Verbul la aceste timpuri il voi numi deocamdata simplu. Mai jos se observa ca la randul lor aceste timpuri ale verbului in engleza (tenses) pot fi: propriu-zise sau propriu-zis perfecte. Dar si timpurile propriu-zise si propriu-zis perfecte pot fi propriu-zise sau continui.

Explicatii generale pentru timpurile verbului in engleza Timp simplu - verbul reprezinta o actiune prezenta, trecuta sau viitoare nelimitata in timp. Timp continuu - verbul reprezinta o actiune in derulare la un moment dat prezent, trecut sau viitor care in momentul acela se petrece simultan cu o alta actiune. Timp simplu perfect - verbul reprezinta o actiune inceputa anterioara unui moment dat prezent, trecut sau viitor Timp continuu perfect - verbul reprezinta o actiune in curs pana la un moment dat prezent, trecut sau viitor si continuind sau nu in acel moment

In limba engleza nu exista conjugari ca in limbile latine (romana, franceza etc)

Verbul in engleza este fie regulat fie neregulat. Pentru ilustrarea timpurilor in engleza vom folosi un verb regulat

Ca si in romana, verbul in engleza are 2 diateze: activa si pasiva VERBUL IN ENGLEZA LA DIATEZA ACTIVA

Actiunea e facuta de subiect

De exemplu luam verbul to work (a munci). In engleza verbul to work e regulat: work - worked - worked Iar verbul to fall(a cadea) e neregulat: fall - fell - fallen Desi doar Alice in tara minunilor poate cadea cu verbul la un timp continuu (pentru ca dureaza in timp), chiar si acest verb are timpuri continui pentru ca apare in diferite expresii:

I am falling in love = Ma indragostesc My life is falling apart = Mi se duce viata de rapa

Diferente intre timpurile verbelor regulate si neregulate nu exista. Ceea ce se poate observa la verbul neregulat este modul cum se folosesc cele trei cuvinte care definesc verbul adica: fall, fell si fallen. Pentru orice alt verb neregulat cele trei parti se inlocuiesc fiecare in parte cu cele trei parti ale verbului considerat.

To work = A munci (verb regulat) Present Tense I work You work He works She works We work You work They work Present Continuous I am working You are working He is working She is working We are working You are working They are working Present Perfect I have worked You have worked He has worked She has worked We have worked You have worked They have worked

Present Perfect Continuous I have been working You have been working He has been working She has been working We have been working You have been working They have been working

Past Continuous I was working You were working He was working She was working We were working You were working They were working

Past Perfect Continuous I had been working You had been working He had been working She had been working We had been working You had been working They had been working

Future Tense Past Tense I worked You worked He worked She worked We worked You worked They worked Past Perfect I had worked You had worked He had worked She had worked We had worked You had worked They had worked I will work You will work He will work She will work We will work You will work They will work

Future Continuous I will be working You will be working He will be working She will be working We will be working You will be working They will be working

Future Perfect Continuous I will have been working You will have been working He will have been working She will have been working We will have been working You will have been working They will have been working

Future Perfect I will have worked You will have worked He will have worked She will have worked We will have worked You will have worked They will have worked