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Varianta 1 Care este rolul media n facilitarea implicrii civice/ politice?

Mai exact, care sunt viziunile optimiste vs. pesimiste n legtur cu implicarea social a cetenilor? i ajut media pe indivizi s devin ceteni mai buni sau, dimpotriv, contribuie la amplificarea clivajelor sociale, avnd deci un efect contrar?

Eveland, W. and Scheufele, D. (2000). Connecting news media use with gaps in knowledge and participation. Political Communication, 17, 215-237.

Eveland, W. (2004). The effect of political discussion in producing informed citizens: The roles of information, motivation, and elaboration. Political Communication, 21, 177-193.

Bucy, E. & Gregson, K. (2001). Media participation. New Media & Society, 3(3), 357-380.

Dahlberg, L. (2001). Democracy via cyberspace. New Media & Society, 3(2), 157-177.

Varianta 2 Fiecare student i alege o teorie legat de efectele media i caut cele mai recente dezvoltri teoretice sau empirice ale teoriei respective (nu mai vechi de 2000).

Noelle-Neumann, E. (1974). The spiral of silence: a theory of public opinion. Journal of Communication, 24, 43-51.

Gerbner, G. (1998). Cultivation analysis: An overview. Mass Communication & Society, 1(3&4), 175-194.

McCombs, M. E., & Shaw, D.L. (1972). The agenda-setting function of mass media.

Public Opinion Quarterly, 36, 176-187.

Ruggiero, T. (2000). Uses and Gratifications Theory in the 21st. century. Mass Communication and Society, 3(1), 3-37.