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Curs: English - Upper-Intermediate

Modul: Present Tenses


Unitate: Present Tenses

The Present Simple Tense (Prezentul Simplu)


Present Simple Tense (Prezentul Simplu) se folosete pentru aciuni
care se repet n mod regulat (obiceiuri, rutin), pentru adevruri
general valabile, pentru a arta caracteristicile subietului.
NOT: Pentru mai multe detalii, accesai modulul Present Simple and
Present Continuous Tense din cursul Intermediate.
pentru orare fixe (fixed timetables) din viitor:

School starts on Monday. - coala ncepe luni.


My plane takes off at 8 tomorrow morning . - Avionul
meu decoleaz mine la 8 dimineaa.

adesea, Present Simple se folosete cnd spunem o anecdot sau


o poveste pentru a descrie un eveniment important, n timp ce
Present Continuous se folosete pentru evenimente mai puin
importante. Tot n acelai fel se folosesc aceste timpuri cnd
comentm ceva sau cnd oferim instruire.

She goes up to this man and looks straight into his


eyes. She's carrying a bag full of shopping ... - Ea merge
direct la acel brbat i l privete direct n ochi. Ea duce o
saco plin de cumprturi

Serena serves to the right hand court and her sister,


Venus, makes a wonderful return. They are both
playing magnificent tennis in this match ... - Serena
servete n partea dreapt a terenului, iar sora ei, Venus, i
d un retur minunat. Ambele joac minunat n acest meci...

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Curs: English - Upper-Intermediate


Modul: Present Tenses
Unitate: Present Tenses

The Present
Continuu)

Continuous

Tense

(Prezentul

Simplu

Present Continuous Tense (Prezentul Simplu Continuu) se folosete


pentru: o aciune care se ntmpl n momentul vorbirii, pentru o
aciune temporar, pentru a exprima planuri n viitorul apropiat.
NOT: Pentru mai multe informaii, accesai modulul Present Simple
and Present Continuous Tense n cursul Intermediate.
pentru o aciune n fundal .

Before kick-off, the Milan fans are shouting at the


Roma fans. - nainte de lovitur, suporterii lui Milan ip la
suporterii lui Roma.

pentru a exprima o suprare, nemulumire, nerbdare, o


atitudine grav fa de ceva .a.m.d. n acest caz, adesea se
utilizeaz mpreun cu adverbele always i constantly.

She is always complaining. - Ea se plnge mai tot timpul.

Andrei is always coming late. - Andrei


ntrzie.

ntotdeauna

One of the students is constantly interrupting the


teacher. - Unul dintre elevi ncontinuu l ntrerupe pe
profesor.

V aducem aminte i de faptul c un numr de verbe nu are form

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Curs: English - Upper-Intermediate


Modul: Present Tenses
Unitate: Present Tenses

continu (Accesai modulul Present Simple and Present Continuous


Tense din cursul Intermediate.)

Present Perfect Simple and Present Perfect Continuous


Present Perfect Simple Tense se folosete cnd vorbim de aciuni
care au avut loc n trecut, ntr-un moment nedeterminat i despre care
tim c s-a terminat. Astfel, prin utilizarea Present Perfect Tense
subiectul devine i mai interesat de rezultatul aciunii.
Mary has bought a new car. - Mary a cumprat o main nou.

I have broken my leg. - Mi-am rupt piciorul.

Present Perfect Continuous Tense se folosete cnd vorbim de


aciuni despre care nu suntem siguri c au luat sfrit. Prin acest timp,
se accentueaz faptul c suntem i mai interesai de durata aciunii
dect de consecinele acestei aciuni.
He has been working for the same company since 1966. El lucreaz pentru aceeai companie din anul 1966.

I have been talking to my sister for more than two hours. Am vorbit la telefon cu sora mea mai bine de 2 ore.

Astfel Present Perfect Simple se folosete n combinaie cu How much


i How many, iar Present Perfect Continuous Tense se folosete n
combinaie cu How long.

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Curs: English - Upper-Intermediate


Modul: Present Tenses
Unitate: Present Tenses

How many cakes have you made? - Cte prjituri ai fcut?

How much sugar have you bought? - Ct zahr ai cumprat?

How long have you been making cakes? - De ct timp faci


prjituri?

Diferena o putem vedea i n urmtoarele exemple:


I have read a book. You can have it back. - Am citit o carte.
O poi lua.

I have been reading a book, so you can`t have it back. Citesc cartea, aadar nu o poi lua.

n prima propoziie, aciunea este completat n timp ce n cea de a


2-a nu e.
n unele cazuri, ambele timpuri se pot folosi cu acelai sens, cel mai
des n combinaie cu verbele Live i Work.
I have been working for this company for 5 years. - Lucrez
pentru aceast companie de 5 ani.

I have worked for this company for 5 years. - De 5 ani lucrez


pentru aceast companie.

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Curs: English - Upper-Intermediate


Modul: Present Tenses
Unitate: Present Tenses

I've been living in London since 1997. -Locuiesc la Londra din


1997.

I've lived in London since 1997. - Locuiesc la Londra din 1997.

n cazul n care este accentuat durata aciunii, se folosete Present


Perfect Continuous.
I have been working here for ages. - Lucrez aici de ani de
zile.

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Curs: English - Upper-Intermediate


Modul: Present Tenses
Unitate: Present Tenses

EUI_01_01_G_Upper-Intermediate
1. Choose the most suitable tense.
Rspunsuri oferite: am cooking, cook, are you using, do you
use
I can`t talk now. I ________
the supper. Can I borrow your laptop? Or ________
it? ________
2. Choose the most suitable tense.
Rspunsuri oferite: do you do, are you doing, is building,
builds
What ________
in the evenings? Jim ________
his own house in the country. ________
3. Put each verb in brackets into the suitable tense.
I ________
(look after) Jane`s cat this weekend. Hurry up! Everybody
________
(wait) for you. The river Nile ________
(flow) into the Mediterrenian. John is very untidy. He ________
(always, leave) his things all over the place. ________
4. Put each verb in brackets into the suitable tense.
She told me her name, but I ________
(not remember) it now. Huan ________
(collect) stamps in his spare time. It`s his hobby. We have
an important project to finish by next week, so we ________
(work) in the evenings at present. Frenk ________
(speak) five languages fluently. ________
5. Put each verb in brackets into the suitable tense (Present

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Curs: English - Upper-Intermediate


Modul: Present Tenses
Unitate: Present Tenses

Perfect Simple or Present Perfect Continuous).


An important file ________
(disappear) from the desk in my office. For years she
________
(claim) that she is related to the royal family. It ________
(snow) heavily since this morning. ________
6. Match the parts of the sentences.
a)
b) I`ve been swimming
c)
d) I`ve swum
e)

a)
b) and I feel exhausted.
c)
d) 500 metres.
e)

7. Match the parts of the sentences.


a)
b)
c)
d) We`ve been staying
e) We`ve stayed

a)
b)
c) at a small hotel by the sea.
d) at this hotel a couple of
times before.
e)

8. Match the parts of the sentences.


a)
b) I have visited Italy
c)
d)
e) I`ve been visiting Italy

a) five times before.


b)
c)
d)
e) since 2000 and I`ve always
felt very safe here.

9. Choose the most suitable tense.


Rspunsuri oferite: is writing, has been writing, has written
Maria ________
her novel for the last four years without getting further than
chapter one. ________

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Curs: English - Upper-Intermediate


Modul: Present Tenses
Unitate: Present Tenses

10. Choose the most suitable tense.


Rspunsuri oferite: have been doing, have done, are doing
I want to know what you ________
so far this month. ________
11. Put the verbs in brackets into the Present Simple or the
Present Continuous.
Dear Grandmother, I ________
(just, write) to tell you how I ________
(get on) here at university. Actually, I ________
(really enjoy) myself! ________
12. Put the verbs in brackets into the Present Simple or the
Present Continuous. (The 2nd part of the previous question.)
I ________
(study) very hard and I ________
(try) to find somewhere to live on my own at the same time.
Only a few students ________
(live) in a college here. ________
13. Put the verbs in brackets into the Present Simple or the
Present Continuous. (The 3rd part of the previous two
questions.)
I ________
(go) to lectures every morning, and most afternoons I
________
(study) in the library. In fact, I ________
(write) this letter to you in the library. I ________
(think) I`ll buy some new clothes with the money you sent
me. ________
14. Put the verbs in brackets into the Present Simple or the
Present Continuous. (The 4th part of the previous three
questions.)

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Curs: English - Upper-Intermediate


Modul: Present Tenses
Unitate: Present Tenses

Everything ________
(cost) a lot here, and I ________
(save) to buy new boots. I ________
(know) a lot of other students and we ________
(have) quite a good time socially! See you soon, Joanna
________
15. Put each verb in brackets into the suitable tense (Present
Perfect Simple or Present Perfect Continuous).
Someone ________
(eat) all the cookies. I`ll have to buy some more. Bred
________
(learn) Italian, and he finds it very easy. How many people
________
(you, invite) to the party? Those birds ________
(sit) on that branch for the last two hours. ________
16. Choose the most suitable tense.
Rspunsuri oferite: have been trying, have tried, are trying,
try
Marko and Jelena ________
to find a house for ages, but they can`t find one they can
afford. ________
17. Choose the most suitable tense.
Rspunsuri oferite: `ve done, `m doing, do, `ve been doing
I ________
everything you asked. What should I do next? ________
18. Choose the most suitable tense.
Rspunsuri oferite: has worn, has been wearing, is wearing,
wears

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Curs: English - Upper-Intermediate


Modul: Present Tenses
Unitate: Present Tenses

Jack ________
ten different suits in the past week! ________
19. Choose the most suitable tense.
Rspunsuri oferite: has been raining, has rained, is raining,
rains
It ________
all day! Why can`t it stop! I`m so depressed! ________
20. Choose the most suitable tense.
Rspunsuri oferite: `ve been singing, `ve sung, `m singing,
sing
I`m so thirsty. I ________
all evening. ________

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Curs: English - Upper-Intermediate


Modul: Present Tenses
Unitate: Present Tenses

1. Choose the most suitable tense.


am cooking, cook, do you use, am cooking, am cooking
2. Choose the most suitable tense.
do you do, are you doing, builds, do you do, do you do
3. Put each verb in brackets into the suitable tense.
am looking after; `m looking after, is waiting; `s waiting, flows, is
always leaving; `s always leaving; always leaves
4. Put each verb in brackets into the suitable tense.
don`t remember; do not remember, collects, are working; `re working,
speaks
5. Put each verb in brackets into the suitable tense (Present
Perfect Simple or Present Perfect Continuous).
has disappeared; `s disappeared, has been claiming; `s been claiming,
has been snowing; `s been snowing
6. Match the parts of the sentences.
ac, bb, ca, dd, ee
7. Match the parts of the sentences.
ae, bb, ca, dc, ed
8. Match the parts of the sentences.
ab, ba, cc, dd, ee
9. Choose the most suitable tense.
is writing, has written, is writing, is writing, is writing
10. Choose the most suitable tense.
have been doing, are doing, have been doing, have been doing, have
been doing
11. Put the verbs in brackets into the Present Simple or the
Present Continuous.
am just writing; `m just writing, am getting on; `m getting on, am
really enjoying; `m really enjoying
12. Put the verbs in brackets into the Present Simple or the
Present Continuous. (The 2nd part of the previous question.)

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Curs: English - Upper-Intermediate


Modul: Present Tenses
Unitate: Present Tenses

am studying; `m studying, am trying; `m trying, live


13. Put the verbs in brackets into the Present Simple or the
Present Continuous. (The 3rd part of the previous two
questions.)
go, study, am writing; `m writing, think
14. Put the verbs in brackets into the Present Simple or the
Present Continuous. (The 4th part of the previous three
questions.)
costs, am saving; `m saving, know, have
15. Put each verb in brackets into the suitable tense (Present
Perfect Simple or Present Perfect Continuous).
has eaten, has been learning; `s been learning, have you invited, have
been sitting; `ve been sitting
16. Choose the most suitable tense.
have been trying, have tried, have been trying, have been trying, have
been trying
17. Choose the most suitable tense.
`ve done, `m doing, `ve done, `ve done, `ve done
18. Choose the most suitable tense.
has worn, has been wearing, has worn, has worn, has worn
19. Choose the most suitable tense.
has been raining, has rained, has been raining, has been raining, has
been raining
20. Choose the most suitable tense.
`ve been singing, `ve sung, `ve been singing, `ve been singing, `ve
been singing

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