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Dreapt. Semidreapt.

Segment
SOLUII
Soluie 1.1.
a) M0M23=x+1+x+2++x+23=23x+(1+2++23)=23x+276
M0M69=x+1+x+2++x+69=69x+(1+2++69)=69x+2415
M23M69=M0M69-M0M23=69x+2415-23x-276=46x+2139.
Ecuaia 3x+1-3x=2 3x3-3x=2 3x2=2 3x =1 3x=30 x=0
Deci M23M69=460+2139=2139
Mijlocul segmentului M23M69 este P=M46, de unde d(M0,M46)=d(M0,P)=M0M46=x+1+x+2++x+46
i pentru x=0 M0M46=1+2++46=1081
n( n 1)
n( n 1) n( n 1)
b) M0Mn=x+1+x+2++x+n=nx+
. Pentru x=0 M0Mn=n0+
=
2
2
2
=3240 n(n+1)=6480 n=80
Soluie 1.2.
6( y AB ) 2
6 y 2 AB 2
6 y 2 AB 2
AP

2
2

Din
AP=yAB
AB 2 y 2 AB 2
AB 2 (1 y 2 )
AB
AB 2 ( y AB ) 2
6y2
1
2 6y2 2 2y2 8y2 2 y2
2
1 y
4

3( x AB ) 2
3 x 2 AB 2
AM
1

Din
AM=xAB i AP=yAB
y 2 AB 2 x 2 AB 2
AB
( y AB ) 2 ( x AB) 2
3 x 2 AB 2
3x 2
1
1
1 3x 2 y 2 x 2 4 x 2 y 2 4 x 2 x 2

2
2
2
2
2
y x
AB ( y x )
4
16

Pentru x=

1
1
i y=
4
2

AM=xAB=

1
1
AB, AP=yAB= AB.
4
2

Soluie 1.3.
Notm CD=x, AM MB

30x
100

60
60
60 30 x
x
60 80 x
MN
( MB BC CN )
(
BC )
(
BC )
100
100
100 100
2
100 100
60 80 x 60
60
48 x
40
48 x
6x
BC

BC BC
BC

BC
40 BC 48 x BC
100 100 100
100
100
100
100
5
30 x 6 x 150 x
150 x
100 18

18 x
12 cm.
Dar MC=MB+BC=
i cum MC=18 cm
100
5
100
100
150
60
6 x 60
MN

MN 120 x 60 MN MN 2 x MP x 12 cm.
Din BC
100
5 100
30 x
13 x 13 12
x

15,6 cm
Deci AP=AM+MP=
100
10
10
BC 60% MN

Soluie 1.4.
OA+OB+OC=OA+(OA+AB)+(OA+AB+BC)=3OA+2AB+BC
i OM+ON+OP=(OA+AB+

BC
AC
AB
BC AC AB
)+(OA+
)+(OA+
)=3OA+AB+
+
+
=
2
2
2
2
2
2

=3OA+AB+

BC AB BC AB
BC AB BC AB
+
+
=3OA+AB+
=3OA+AB+BC+AB=
2
2
2
2

=3OA+2AB+BC

OA OB OC = 3OA 2 AB BC
1
OM ON OP 3OA 2 AB BC

Soluie 1.5.

AB AD AB AB BD
BD

AB

2
2
2
BD
BD 2 31
BC AC AB AB
AB

2 30 cm.
2
2
2

Din AB+AD=2AC AC

Soluie 1.6.
7AC=3CB 7(AC-CB)=3CB 7AB=10CB(1)
3AD=2DB 3(AB-DB)=2DB 3AB=5DB, relaie care se mai scrie 6AB=10DB(2).
Din (1) i (2) prin scdere obinem:AB=10(CD-DB) AB=10CD