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Present Simple : arat aciuni obinuite repetabile n timp.

Subiect + verb la persoana a III-a singular -es -s Interogative: to do (la prezent) + subiect + verb infinitiv Ex: Do you understand? Negative: subiect + to do (la prezent) + not + verb la infinitiv Ex: She dosent cook. Present Continous (progresiv): arat o aciune care are loc n momentul vorbirii. At the moment - now - this week - today subiect + to be (prezent: am, is, are) + verb + terminaia ing Ex: She is doing now. La interogativ: se inverseaz verbul cu subiectul. am, is, are + subiect + verb + ing La negativ: se adaug negaia not dup to be. subiect + am not, is not (isnt), are not (arent) Future Simple: singular i plural: shall + verb la infinitiv will + verb la infinitiv Ex: You will leave tomorrow. La interogativ se inverseaz shall, will cu subiectul. La negativ se adaug negaia not dup shall, will. shall not shallnt will not whont Ex: She whont buy that. Future in the Past: would + verb la infinitiv Ex: I would belive you. Past Tense Simple: arat o aciune trecut i ncheiat. Verbul reg. la past tense simple se formeaz adugnd terminaia ed la forma infinitiv a verbului. wash washed Verbele reg. sunt acele verbe care la forme a II-a i a III-a primesc terminaia ed. play played (past tense) played (past perfect) La vaebele ne reg. nu exist nici o regul de formare. buy bought baught Interogative: did + subiest + verb la infinitiv Ex: Did you read the novell last week? Negative: subiect + did + not + verb la infinitiv Ex: She didnt catch the bus an houre ago.

Past Tense Continous: arat o aciune care are loc ntr-un anumit moment din trecut. subiest + to be (past tense) + verb + ing Ex: They were working at the office at this time yesterday. Past Perfect: arat o aciune trecut care are loc naintea altei aciuni trecute. subiect + had + verb (forma a III-a) Ex: I have sein him before she came in. Present Perfect Simple: arat o aciune trecut care se continu n prezent sau o aciune trecut i ncheiat ale crei efecte se resimt n prezent. subiect + to have (prezent) + verb (forrma a III-a) Ex: She has read the article. Adverbele cu care se formeaz present perfect sunt: always, ever, never, alredy, just, often, seldom, before, recently, lately, yet, since, for. Ex: He has just got aut of the car. Excepie fac: before, lately i yet care se pun la sfritul propoziiei. Ex: We have met a lot of people lately. La interogativ se inverseaz to have cu subiectul. Ex: have you bought the pesents yet? La negativ se adaug not dup to have. Ex: She hasnt read the contract yet. Present Perfect Simple se folosete atunci cnd nu se spune nimic despre momentul n care are loc aciunea. Present Perfect Continous: subiect + to have (prezent) + been + verb + ing Ex: We have been walking for a hour. They have been learning English since 1990. La interogativ se inverseaz to have cu subiectul. Ex: Have you been swimming for an hour? La negativ se adaug not dup to have. Ex: I havent been skiing since two oclock. If clouses: dac n propoziia principal este viitor n propoziia secundar este prezent. Ex: Ill take my umbrella if it rains. If I came Ill tell you. Indirect Speach: Afirmative: to + verb la infinitiv Ex: Go home! He told me to go home. Negative: not to + verb la infinitiv Ex: Dont speak! He told me not to speak. Present Simple devine Past Tense Simple.

Ex: I learn every day. I said I learnt every day. Present Continous devine Past Tense Continous. Ex: He is playing now. He said he was playing then. Viitorul devine Future in the Past. Ex: They will belive me. He said they would belive him. Past Tense devine Present Perfect. Ex: I saw a mouvie yesterday. She said she had seen a mouvie the day before. Present Perfect devine Past Perfect. Ex: He has just left. He told me he had just left. Pasive Voce: subiest + to be + Past Participle is/are was/were has/have been had been must be will be Ex: The first coded message was sent in 400 B.C. 23 centeryees before the morse code. The morse code was invented by Samuel Morse.