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SCURT ISTORIC AL INSTITUIEI PARLAMENTARE 1831 nceput de drum Istor ! p!r"!ment!r# n Rom$n ! ncepe cu !nu" 1831 c$nd% n !r!

! Rom$nesc#% ! &ost !dopt!t un !ct cu c!r!cter const tu' on!" denum t Re(u"!mentu" or(!n c% !p" c!t% un !n m! t$r) u% * n Mo"do+!, Re(u"!mente"e or(!n ce !u pus -!)e"e p!r"!ment!r smu"u n Pr nc p!te"e Rom$ne,

Re(u"!mentu" or(!n c . !r! Rom$ne!sc# . . Mo"do+! .

Re(u"!mentu" or(!n c

Con+en' ! de "! P!r s d n 18/8 * % m! !"es% St!tutu" 0e)+o"t#tor !" Con+en' e 1c!re ! ntrodus repre)ent!re! - c!mer!"#2% !dopt!t d n n ' !t +! domn toru"u A"e3!ndru Io!n Cu)!% pr n p"e- sc t% n 1845% !u per&ec' on!t * "#r( t pr nc p u" repre)ent#r n!' un , Su- re( mu" po" t c nst tu t de Con+en' ! de "! P!r s% &oru" "e( s"!t + ! cunoscut un e+ dent proces de modern )!re% !r pr n Const tu' ! d n 1844% promu"(!t# de C!ro" I% s.!u pus -!)e"e moderne !"e &oru"u "e( s"!t + c! Repre)ent!n'# N!' on!"#% c!re ! &unc' on!t n concord!n'# cu modu" de or(!n )!re * &unc' on!re ! p!r"!mente"or Europe Occ dent!"e d n !ce! +reme, 0esc6 dere! Adun#r e"ect +e de c#tre domn toru" A"e3!ndru Io!n Cu)!% 78 &e-ru!r e 1849 Procesu" stor c de &orm!re ! P!r"!mentu"u Rom$n e n per o!d! modern# ! d!t un mpu"s putern c !& rm#r su+er!n t#' n!' on!"e% conduc$nd m! t$r) u "! Un re! ce"or dou# Pr nc p!te% n 18/8, Su- cupo"! P!r"!mentu"u Rom$n e s.! d!t c t re% "! 8 m! 18::% 0ec"!r!' e de ndependen'# ! '#r * s.!u r!t & c!t% n 1879% !cte"e de un re ! Pro+ nc "or stor ce rom$ne*t cu !r!, ;n &e-ru!r e 1838% pe &ondu" unor putern ce tens un po" t ce% re(e"e C!ro" !" II."e!% c!re ! su-m n!t ro"u" nst tu' e p!r"!ment!re% ! mpus un re( m de mon!r6 e !utor t!r#, Su- re( mu" d ct!tur re(!"e% P!r"!mentu" ! de+en t un or(!n decor!t +% " ps t de pr nc p!"e"e s!"e !tr -u' , ;n to!mn! !nu"u 1859% o d!t# cu nst!ur!re! re( mu"u de d ct!tur# m " t!r#% !ct + t!te! P!r"!mentu"u ! &ost suspend!t#, 0up# 73 !u(ust 1855% su- pres une! &or'e"or so+ et ce * comun ste% P!r"!mentu" ! &ost reor(!n )!t ntr.un s n(ur corp "e( s"!t +% Adun!re! 0eput!' "or% c!re +! & tr!ns&orm!t#% pr n Const tu' ! d n 1858% n M!re! Adun!re N!' on!"#% or(!n sm &orm!"% su-ordon!t tot!" puter comun ste, Re+o"u' ! d n 0ecem-r e 1888 ! desc6 s c!"e! re+en r Rom$n e "! un re( m democr!t c !utent c% -!)!t pe !"e(er " -ere * p"ur!" sm po" t c% pe respect!re! dreptur "or omu"u % pe sep!r!' ! puter "or * r#spundere! (u+ern!n' "or n &!'! or(!ne"or repre)ent!t +e, Pr n !cte"e em se de putere! re+o"u' on!r# pro+ )or e% Rom$n ! ! re+en t "! s stemu" p!r"!ment!r - c!mer!", To!te !ceste te)e se re(#sesc n nou! Const tu' e ! '#r % !pro-!t# pr n re&erendum n 1881, ;n decen u" !t$t de &r#m$nt!t !" tr!n) ' e postcomun ste% C!mer! 0eput!' "or . mpreun# cu Sen!tu" . ! de)-#tut * !dopt!t un num#r mpres on!nt de "e( * !cte norm!t +e% men te s# re&orme)e pe -!)e democr!t ce ntre!(! soc et!te% s# con&ere (!r!n' pentru respect!re! dreptur "or &und!ment!"e !"e omu"u % s# promo+e)e re&orm! * pr +!t )!re!% s# conso" de)e nst tu' "e econom ce de p !'# * !"e st!tu"u de drept% cond ' pentru nte(r!re! Rom$n e n structur "e europene * euro!t"!nt ce,

M tropo" tu" N &on . pr mu" pre*ed nte !" Adun#r 0eput!' "or% 1847.1844 Const tu' ! d n 1844< = Proc"!m# t t"u" de Rom$n ! = Nu !m nte*te dependen'! st!tu"u de Imper u" Otom!n, = Pre+ede domn toru"u !tr -ute pe c!re nu "e !re dec$t un su+er!n, = Repre)ent!n'! N!' on!"# cupr nde! dou# !dun#r < C!mer! * Sen!tu", ;ntre prero(!t +e"e Adun#r 0eput!' "or 1C!mere 2 se num#r# dreptu" de !utoconducere% de r#spuns "! mes!>u" tronu"u % de "e( &er!re% de nterpe"!re 1! e3ecut +u"u m n ster !" n or ce c6est une2, Atr -u' ! spec !"# ! C!mere este !cee! re&er to!re "! de)-!tere! * !dopt!re! -u(etu"u ? = S stemu" p!r"!ment!r nst tu t n 1844 s.! c!r!cter )!t pr n ro"u" preponderent !" Le( s"!t +u"u , Acest! ! de+en t !pro!pe p!rtener e(!" cu domn toru" n e"!-or!re! "e( "or * ! do-$nd t dreptu" de ! pune ntre-#r m n *tr "or cu pr + re "! " n ! po" t c# urm!t# * c6 !r de !. supune unor n+est (!' p!r"!ment!re, Totu* % dom toru" p#str! ro"u" dec s + n procesu" "e( s"!t +, E" pute! n! nt! P!r"!mentu"u propr "e s!"e pro ecte de "e(e,

Re)o"u' ! C!mere 0eput!' "or% d n septem-r e 18:8 @C!mer! 0eput!' "or ! "u!t cuno*t n'# de d spo) ' "e pe c!re "e.! "u!t Con(resu" de "! Aer" n% re"!t + "! Rom$n !, S " t# "! !ce!st! de 6ot#r$re! M!r "or Puter * pentru ! nu &orm! n c o p ed c# "! st!- " re! p#c % C!mer! mputern ce*te Bu+ernu" ! se supune +o n'e (ener!"e ! Europe * de !cee! * rec6e!m# &unc' on!r c + " * m " t!r d n A!s!r!- ! * ! n st#p$n re 0o-ro(e!% 0e"t! 0un#r * Insu"! Cerp "or@, Re)o"u' ! n / puncte ! Adun#r !d.6oc ! Mo"do+e % c t t# "un % : octom-r e 18/:% n ! *!pte! *ed n'# pu-" c#< @Dce"e d nt$ % ce"e m! m!r % m! (ener!"e * m! n!' on!"e dor n'e !"e '#r sunt< 1, Respect!re! dreptur "or pr nc p!te"or * ndeose- ! !utonom e "or% n cupr ndere! +ec6 "or c!p tu"!' nc6e !te cu ;n!"t! Po!rt#, 7, Un re! Pr nc p!te"or ntr.un s n(ur st!t su- nume"e de Rom$n !, 3, Pr n' str# n cu mo*ten re! tronu"u % !"es d ntr.o d n!st e domn to!re ! Europe * !" c#re mo*ten tor s# & e crescu' n re" ( ! '#r , 5, Neutr!" t!te! p#m$ntu"u Pr nc p!te"or, /, Putere! "e( u to!re ncred n'!t# une o-*te*t !dun#r n c!re s# & e repre)ent!te to!te nterese"e n!' e ,@