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CONCURS
1. Rezolvai ecuaia: 36 9 2 32 4 24
x x x x
+ = + .
Soluie:
( )
2 2
4
2 5 5 12 4 3 4
4
36 36 9 2 32 9 32 32 4
4 3 2 3 4 4 24
9 36 32 32
2 2 4 2 3 2 3
x x x x x x x
x x x
x x x x
x x x x x x x
+ = + + + + > =
= = = =



Egalitate dac:
9 36 32 0
x x x
x = = =

2. Rezolvai ecuaia: 9 5 3 8 54 12
x x x x
+ = + .
Soluie:
( )
3
5
9 2 10 5 2 5
5
9 9 3 8 54 8 8 8 54 5
5 3 2 3 5 5
8 8 8 9 54
2 2 3 2 3 5 12
x x x x x x x x
x x x
x x x x x
x x x x x x
+ == + + + + + > =
= = = =



Egalitate dac:
8 9 54 0
x x x
x = = =


3. Rezolvai ecuaia:
1
9 9 18
x
x
+ = .
Soluie:
Dac 0 x <

avem
1
9 2 9
x
x
+ <
Deci evident 0 x = i 0 x >
1
2
1 1
2
18
9 9 9 9
2 9 2 9
x
x x
x x
x+
> =
= =
+
>

Egalitate dac:
1
9 9 1
x
x
x = =

4. Rezolvai ecuaia:
2
3 2 3 3
x x x x
+ = .
Soluie:
Evident 0 x >
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2
2 2
2
2
3 3 2
3 3
3 3
2 2 2 3
x x
x x
x x
x x x x +
+ > =
=

> =

Egalitate dac:
{ }
2
3 3 0,1
x x
x = e

5. Rezolvai ecuaia:
2 2
sin cos
2 2 2 2, 0,
2
x x
x
t
| |
+ = e
|
\ .

Soluie:
2 2 2 2
2 2
sin cos sin cos
sin cos
2 2 2
2 2
2 2
2 2
x x x x
x x +
+ > =
= =


Egalitate dac:
2 2
sin cos 0,
4 2
x x x
t t
=
| |
= e
|
\ .



6. Rezolvai ecuaia:
1
1
2 2 3
x
x

+ = .
Soluie:
Evident 0 x >
3
1 1 1
1
1 1
3
1 1 1 1 1
3
1 1
3 3
2 3 2 2 2 6
2
2 3 2
2
3 6
2 2 2 2 2 2 3 2 2 2
3 2 3
x
x x
x x x
x
x x
x x x
x x x x x
x
x x

+ +
+ = + + = =
+ > =
= =
+ = +
>

Egalitate dac:
1
2 2 1
x
x
x = =

7. Rezolvai ecuaia:
2
1 1
3
1
3 3 3 7
x
x x

+ + = .
Soluie:
Evident 0 x >
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1 1
7
7
2 2
1 1 1 1
3 3
1 1
3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3
2
1 2
3
1
3 3 3 3 3
2 2 2
1 1 1 2 2 2
3
1
3 3 3 3 3 3 3
2 2 2
1 1 1 2 2 2
3
1
3 3 3 3 3 3 3
1 1 1 2 2 2
3
1
3
3
3
1
1 1 1
1 1 1
7
1 1 1 2 2 2
7
7
x x
x x x x
x
x x
x x x
x x x x
x x x
x x x x
x
x x x x x x
x



+ + = + +

= + +

= + +


+
=

=

+ + + + >

> =
+ + + + +
= =
+
=
1
9
3
10
7
7
10
1 1
3
1 1
... 10
... 10
7 7
ori
x x
x
x x
=

+ +
> =


Egalitate dac:
3
1
1
x
x x = =

8. Rezolvai ecuaia:
6 8 9 24
1
3 3 3 3
x x x x +
+ + = .
Soluie:
Evident 0 x >
6 8 24
1 1 1
3
3 6 8 24 6 8 24
1 1 1 1 1 1
3 3
9 24 6 8 3 9 9
6 8 24
6 8 24
3 3
3 3 3 1
3
3
3 3
3 3 3
3 3 3
3 3 3
3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3
3 3 3 3
3 3 3
x x x
x x x x x x
x x x x
x x x
x x x
x
+ +
+
+
+
+ + >
= =
= = = = =
> =
= >

Egalitate dac:
{ }
6 8 24
3 3 3 0,1
x x x
x = = e

9. Rezolvai ecuaia:
2 2
16 16 1
x y y x + +
+ = .
Soluie:
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2 2 2 2
2 2 2 2
2 2
1 1 1
1
2 2 2
2
16 16 2
1
16 16
2 16 2 4
2 4 2 4
x y y x
x y
x y y x
x y y x x x y y
+ +
| | | |
+ +
| |
\ . \ .
+ +
+ + + + + +
+
+ > =
= =
= > =

=


Egalitate dac:
2 2
1
1 1
0
2
2 2
x y x y
| | | |
| |
| |
\ . \ .
+ = + = = =

10. Rezolvai ecuaia:
2 2 2
3 3 3 1
x y z y z x z x y
+ = + .
Soluie:
( ) ( ) ( )
2 2 2
2
2 2 2
2 2 2
2 2 2 2 2
1 1 1 2
3
3 3 3 3 2 2
3 3
3 3 3 3
1
3 3 3
3 3 3 3 3 3
3 3
x y z y z x z x y
x y z z
x y z y z x z x y
x y z y z x z x y x x y y z

+ +

+ + + +

+ + > =
= = >
> =

=

Egalitate dac:
( ) ( ) ( ) 1
2 2 2
1 1 0 1 x y z x y z = = = = = =

11. Rezolvai ecuaia: 4 9 25 6 10 15
x x x x x x
+ + = + +
Soluie:
Notm 2 , 3 , 5
x x x
a b c = = = i evident , , 0 a b c > .
Ecuaia 4 9 25 6 10 15
x x x x x x
+ + = + +

se poate scrie
2 2 2
a b c ab ac bc + + = + +
tim c pentru orice , , 0 a b c > avem
( ) ( )
2 2
2 2
2 2
2 2 2 2 2 2
a b 2ab
a c 2bc
b c 2ac
2 a b c 2 ab bc ac a b c ab bc ac
+ >
+ >
+ >
+ + > + + + + > + +

Egalitatea are loc dac 3 2 5 0
x x x
a b c x = = = = =

12. Rezolvai ecuaia:
1
1
16 16 2 2 16
y y x
x
+ + + =
Soluie:
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Dac 0 x <

i 0 y <

avem
1
1
16 16 2 2 4
x y y
x
+ + + <

Deci evident 0, 0 x x = > i 0, 0 y y = >

Metoda 1

4
1 1
1 1
4
1 1 1 1
4 4 4 4 4 4 4
4
4
4
4 16 8
16 16 2 2 4 16 16 2 2
4 2 4 2 4 2 4 2 16
x y x y y y
x x
x y x y
x y x y
+ + +

+ + + > =
= > = = =

Egalitate dac:
1
1
1
16 16 2 2
2
x y y
x
x y = = = = =

Metoda 2

1 1 1 1
16 2 16 2 2 2
2 4 4
2 2 2 8
x x
x x x x
x x
+
+
> = > =
i analog
1
16 2 8
y y
+ > . Adunm i obinem
1
1
16 16 2 2 16
y y x
x
+ + + >
Egalitatea are loc dac
1
1
4
4
2 2
1
x
2
2 2
x
y
x
y
y

= =


13. Rezolvai ecuaia:
1
4
16
4
1
x x
x
x
+ =
+

Soluie:
Evident 0, 0 x x = >
4 4
2
4 4 8
1 1
4 2 4
1
2 2
x x x x
x
x
+ > =
+
= > =

1 2
2 16
1 1 1 2
1 1
1 8
x x
x x
x x x x
+ >
+ + +

s s s

Egalitatea dintre membrul stng i cel drept este posibil dac
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1
4
16
4 8
1
x x
x
x
+ = =
+

Egalitatea are loc dac
1
4 1 4
x x
x = =

14. Rezolvai ecuaia:
1
81
9 9 9
1
y xy
x
x y
xy
+ + =
+ +

Soluie:
Evident 0, 0 x x = > i 0, 0 y y = >
1 1
3
9 9 9 3 9 9 9
1
1
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3
3
3
3
3 9 3 9 3 9 27
y xy y xy
x x
x y
x y
xy
xy
+ + > =

+ +
= > = =

1 1
3 3 3
1 1 81
27
1 1
3
x y x y
xy xy
x y x y
xy xy
+ + > =
s s
+ + + +

Egalitatea dintre membrul stng i cel drept este posibil dac
1 81
9 9 27
1
9
y
x
xy
x y
xy
+ + = =
+ +

Egalitatea are loc dac
1
9 9 9 1
y xy
x
x y = = = =
15. Rezolvai ecuaia:
2 2
5 5 2sin
4
x x
x t

+ =
Soluie:
2 2 2 2
5 5 5 5 2 2
x x x x
+ > =

| | sin 1,1 2sin 2
4 4
x x t t
e s

Egalitatea dintre membrul stng i cel drept este posibil dac
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2 2
5 5 2sin 2
4
x x
x t

+ = =
Egalitatea are loc dac
2 2
5 5 2
x x
x

= =