Sunteți pe pagina 1din 2

Radical Denumire radical

Valena
radical
Formula
acidului
Denumirea acidului
-SO
4
Sulfat 2 H
2
SO
4
Acid sulfuric
-HSO
4
Sulfat acid 1 H
2
SO
4
Acid sulfuric
-SO
3
Sulfit 2 H
2
SO
3
Acid sulfuros
-HSO
3
Sulfit acid 1 H
2
SO
3
Acid sulfuros
-HS Sulfur acid 1 H
2
S
Acid sulfuros (hidrogen
sulfurat)
-S Sulf 2 H
2
S
Acid sulfuros (hidrogen
sulfurat)
-CO
3
Carbonat 2 H
2
CO
3
Acid carbonic
-HCO
3

Carbonat acid
(bicarbonat)
1 H
2
CO
3
Acid carbonic
-NO
3
Azotat (nitrat) 1 HNO
3
Acid azotic (acid nitric)
-NO
2
Azotit (nitrit) 1 HNO
2
Acid azotos (acid nitros)
-PO
4
Fosfat 3 H
3
PO
4
Acid fosforic
-
H
2
PO
4

Dihidrogenofosfat 1 H
3
PO
4
Acid fosforic
-HPO
4
Hidrogenofosfat 2 H
3
PO
4
Acid fosforic
-PO
3
Fosfit 3 H
3
PO
3
Acid fosforos
-
H
2
PO
3

Dihidrogenofosfit 1 H
3
PO
3
Acid fosforos
-HPO
3
Hidrogenofosfit 2 H
3
PO
3
Acid fosforos
-CN Cian 1 HCN Acid cianhidric
-Cl Clor 1 HCl Acid clorhidric
-ClO
2
Clorit 1 HClO
2
Acid cloros
-ClO
3
Clorat 1 HClO
3
Acid cloric
-ClO
4

Peroxid de clor
(peroclorat)
1 HClO
4
Acid percloric
-F Fluor 1 HF Acid fluorhidric
-Br Brom 1 HBr Acid bromhidric
-I Iod 1 HI Acid iodhidric
-BO
3
Borat 3 H
3
BO
3
Acid boric





Radical
Denumire
radical
Valena
radical

Exemple
Formul Denumire baz Solubilitate n ap
-OH Hidroxid 1
NaOH
Hidroxid de sodiu
(sod caustic)
Baz uor solubil
KOH Hidroxid de potasiu Baz uor solubil
Ca(OH)
2

Hidroxid de calciu
(var stins)
Baz greu solubil
Mg(OH)
2
Hidroxid de magneziu Baz greu solubil
Al(OH)
3
Hidroxid de aluminiu Baz insolubil
Fe(OH)
2

Hidroxid de fier
(2 - feros)
Baz insolubil
Fe(OH)
3

Hidroxid de fier
(3 - feric)
Baz insolubil






Metal

Radical acid

Sare
Reacie de obinere
formul denumire formul denumire formul denumire
Na
sodiu
(natriu)
Cl clor NaCl
clorur de
sodiu(natriu),
sare de
buctrie
HCl + NaOH
NaCl + H
2
O
K potasiu I iod KI
iodur de
potasiu
HI +KOH KI +
H
2
O
Ca calciu SO
4
sulfat CaSO
4

sulfat de
calciu
H
2
SO
4
+ Ca(OH)
2
CaSO
4
+ 2H
2
O
Mg magneziu PO
3
fosfit Mg
3
(PO
3
)
2

fosfit de
magneziu
2H
3
PO
3
+
3Mg(OH)
2

Mg
3
(PO
3
)
2
+ 6H
2
O