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CALCULUL DE TRACTIUNE AL AUTOVEHICULULUI camion mac - 165kW / 2900/ 14 ton

Parametrii geometrici
Ampatamentul (L)
Lungime totala
Latime cabina
Latime totala
Inaltime totala
Greutatea utila (N)
Greutatea proprie (N)
Numar persoane
Greutate persoane (N)
Greutate bagaje (N)
Greutate totala (N)

4800
7400
2100
2100
2800
89000
42000
3
2250
600
133850

Repartizarea greutatii pe punti


Raportul a/L

0.78

a = 3.74

Raportul b/L

0.22

b = 1.06

G1
G2
G3

29447 N
52201.5 N
52201.5 N

Distributia greutatii pe punti


Punte fata (N)
Punte spate (N)

29447
104403

Coeficientul de utilizare a greutatii


G=
0.47

Alegere pneurilor si stabilirea razei dinamice


Se adopta :
Pneuri : 12.00 R20''
Jenti : 8.50-20''
Latime sect. max
312 mm
Diametrul exterior
1120 mm
Raza statica
530.5 mm
Marime camera aer 12.00-20''
Presiune aer - fata
7.25 daN/cm2
-spate
6.75 daN/cm2
Viteza maxima
100 km/h

Date de proiectare
Puterea motorului
Turatia

P (W)
n(rot/min)

166000
2730

Se adopta

0.945

Raza dinamica (m) =

0.529

Ampatamentul
L (m)
Ecartamentul
Greutatea
G (N)
Raza roti motoare
r (m)
Aria supraf. frontale
S (m2)
Coef. de rezist. aerodinami K(kg/m3)
Coord. centru masa
A
Unghiul rampei max.
a (grade)
Coef. rezist. la rulare
f
Coef. de aderenta
fi
Randamentul transmisiei
htr
Coef. elasticitate
c
Coef. adaptabilitate
k
Coef. aerodinamic
Cx
alfa

n (rot/min)

4.8
1.88
133850
0.529
5.88
0.31
3.74
15
0.012
0.6
0.92
0.55
1.12
0.5

0.89
1.22
-1.11
Pe (W)

900 64086.631
1000 72207.26
1100 80328.433
1200 88395.758
1300 96354.845
1400 104151.3
1500 111730.74
1600 119038.76
1700
126021
1800
132623
1900 138790.45
2000 144468.91
2100
149604
2200 154141.34
2300 158026.52
2400 161205.17
2500 163622.87
2600 165225.26
2700 165957.93
2730
166000
2800 165766.49
2900
0

Me (N/m) c (g/kW)
680.33
689.88
697.70
703.79
708.14
710.77
711.66
710.82
708.25
703.94
697.91
690.14
680.64
669.40
656.44
641.74
625.31
607.15
587.25
580.95
565.63
0.00

200.04
197.27
195.06
193.37
192.18
191.47
191.23
191.46
192.15
193.33
195.00
197.19
199.95
203.30
207.32
212.07
217.64
224.15
231.74
234.26
240.60

C (kg/h)
64.1
71.2
78.3
85.5
92.6
99.7
106.8
114.0
121.1
128.2
135.3
142.4
149.6
156.7
163.8
170.9
178.1
185.2
192.3
194.4
199.4

P [W]
180000

150000

120000

90000

60000

Momentul maxim :
Turatia mom. max:

711.00
1500

Nm
rot/min
30000

0
800

1100

1400

0
800

1100

1400

Viteza maxima
Factorul A
891
Factorul B 84739.9319

Viteza maxima

m/s
37.22

km/h
133.99

Rapoartele de transmitere
Raportul de transmitere al reductorului central (io)
Viteza critica I
Puterea mom.maxim
F2

2.84
111842.5
0.27

4.063

[m/s]
[N]

Raportul de transmitere pentru treapta I (i1)

7.190

Alegerea numarului treptelor de viteza


Se adopta nr.treptelor de viteza=

Calculul ratiei seriei geometrice a rapoartelor de transmitere din cutia de viteze


Ratia (q)
1.48
Treapta de viteza
1
2
3

Rap.trans.
7.190
4.846
3.266

n/nM Conditie (q<n/nM) - Rezultat


1.82 VEZI TABELUL DE MAI JOS

Pe
[kW]
255.13
287.46
319.79
351.91

4
5
6

2.201
1.484
1

383.60
414.63
444.81
473.90
487.98
501.70
527.98
552.53
575.14
595.58
613.65
629.11
641.77
651.39
657.77
660.69
660.86
659.93
0.00
0.00
0.00
0

Performantele autovehiculului
Momentul de inertie al motorului (kgm2) =
Momentul.de inertie al rotilor auto.kgm2) =

2
45

Coeficientii maselor de rotatie

Treapta
1
2
3
4
5
6

1.423
1.198
1.097
1.050
1.029
1.020

Viteza
[m/s]
5.18
7.68
11.40
16.91
25.09
37.22

Viteza
km/h
18.64
27.65
41.02
60.87
90.31
133.99

Treapta I
n

Pe

Me

Viteza

Fr

1/a

Td

[rot/min]

[W]

[Nm]

[m/s]

[N]

[m/s2]

[m/s2]

[s]

900

64086.6

680.33

0.94 34549.7901

0.258

1.70

0.589

0.277

1000

72207.3

689.88

1.05 35034.9374

0.262

1.72

0.581

0.338

1100

80328.4

697.70

1.15

35432.116

0.265

1.74

0.574

0.399

1200

88395.8

703.79

1.25

35741.326

0.267

1.76

0.569

0.458

1300

96354.8

708.14

1.36 35962.5672

0.269

1.77

0.565

0.518

1400

104151.3

710.77

1.46 36095.8398

0.270

1.78

0.563

0.577

1500

111730.7

711.66

1.57 36141.1436

0.270

1.78

0.562

0.635

1600

119038.8

710.82

1.67 36098.4788

0.270

1.78

0.563

0.694

1650

122574.0

709.75

1.72 36044.1582

0.269

1.77

0.564

0.724

1700

126021.0

708.25

1.78 35967.8453

0.269

1.77

0.565

0.753

1800

132623.0

703.94

1.88 35749.2431

0.267

1.76

0.569

0.812

1900

138790.4

697.91

1.99 35442.6723

0.265

1.74

0.574

0.872

2000

144468.9

690.14

2.09 35048.1327

0.262

1.72

0.581

0.932

2100

149604.0

680.64

2.19 34565.6245

0.258

1.70

0.589

0.993

2200

154141.3

669.40

2.30 33995.1475

0.254

1.67

0.600

1.056

2300

158026.5

656.44

2.40 33336.7019

0.249

1.63

0.612

1.119

2400

161205.2

641.74

2.51 32590.2876

0.243

1.60

0.627

1.184

2500

163622.9

625.31

2.61 31755.9046

0.237

1.55

0.644

1.250

2600

165225.3

607.15

2.72 30833.5529

0.230

1.50

0.664

1.318

2700

165957.9

587.25

2.82 29823.2325

0.223

1.45

0.688

1.389

2730

166000.0

580.95

2.85 29502.9825

0.220

1.44

0.696

1.411

2800

165766.5

565.63

2.93 28724.9434

0.214

1.40

0.716

1.462

2900

0.0

0.00

Varia]ia for]ei la roat#


pe trepte de vitez#

Fr [N]
40000

pe trepte de vitez#

Fr [N]
40000

35000

30000

25000

20000

15000

4
10000

5
5000

T
R
E
A
P
T
A

0
0

10

15

III
Bilantul de putere pe treptele autovehiculului
Acesta reprezinta echilibrul dintre puterea la roata PR si suma puterilor necesare invingerii rezistentelor la
inaintare si se determina cu relatia :

Pr tr Pe Pr Pp Pa Pd v a (G a f cos G a sin k S v a 2 G a a a )

Pr = puterea consumata pentru invingerea rezistentelor la rulare


Pp = puterea necesara invingerii rezistentei la urcarea pantei
Pa = puterea necesara invingerii rezistentei aerului
Pd = puterea necesara invingerii rezistentei la demarare
Panta

Coeficient

15
0.2704

20

7.7

2.6
1.2

0.1459
0.0904
0.0574
0.0329

BILANTUL DE PUTERE
I

II

Pe

Pe

Viteza I

PR

Pr+Pa+Pp

Viteza II

PR

Pr+Pa+Pp

[rot/min]

[W]

[kW]

[m/s]

[kW]

[kW]

[m/s]

[kW]

[kW]

900

64086.6

64.1

0.94

58.96

34.05

1.55

58.96

30.28

1000

72207.3

72.2

1.05

66.43

37.83

1.72

66.43

33.64

1100

80328.4

80.3

1.15

73.90

41.61

1.89

73.90

37.01

1200

88395.8

88.4

1.25

81.32

45.40

2.07

81.32

40.37

1300

96354.8

96.4

1.36

88.65

49.18

2.24

88.65

43.74

1400

104151.3

104.2

1.46

95.82

52.97

2.41

95.82

47.11

1500

111730.7

111.7

1.57

102.79

56.75

2.58

102.79

50.48

1600

119038.8

119.0

1.67

109.52

60.53

2.76

109.52

53.85

1650

122574.0

122.6

1.72

112.77

62.43

2.84

112.77

55.53

1700

126021.0

126.0

1.78

115.94

64.32

2.93

115.94

57.22

1800

132623.0

132.6

1.88

122.01

68.10

3.10

122.01

60.59

1900

138790.4

138.8

1.99

127.69

71.89

3.27

127.69

63.96

2000

144468.9

144.5

2.09

132.91

75.67

3.44

132.91

67.34

2100

149604.0

149.6

2.19

137.64

79.46

3.62

137.64

70.71

2200

154141.3

154.1

2.30

141.81

83.24

3.79

141.81

74.09

2300

158026.5

158.0

2.40

145.38

87.03

3.96

145.38

77.47

2400

161205.2

161.2

2.51

148.31

90.82

4.13

148.31

80.84

2500

163622.9

163.6

2.61

150.53

94.60

4.31

150.53

84.22

2600

165225.3

165.2

2.72

152.01

98.39

4.48

152.01

87.60

2700

165957.9

166.0

2.82

152.68

102.18

4.65

152.68

90.99

2730

166000.0

166.0

2.85

152.72

103.31

4.70

152.72

92.00

2800

165766.5

165.8

2.93

152.51

105.96

4.82

152.51

94.37

2900

0.0

0.0

Varia]ia Sf
alfa=0

Franarea autovehiculului
Sf [m]
160

Aprecierea capacitatii de franare se face cu ajutorul deceleratiei maxime si a spatiului de


kSV 2
franare minim care se determina cu ajutorul relatiilor ;

af f

fi=0.3

Sf

120

V
1
2g ( f ) cos sin

daca se considera ca viteza initiala de la care se incepe franarea este va1 [m/s] si franarea este totala (viteza
la sfarsitul franarii va2 este 0)si are loc pe drum orizontal ( 0)cu motorul decuplat si neglijindu-se rezistenta
aerului si rezistenta la rulare.
fi=0.6
v
a1
tf
Spatiul real de franare se determina cu relatia :

80

in care ultimul termen reprezinta spatiul suplimentar s parcurs de automobil in timpul intirzierilor
fi=042 (virsta
conducatorului auto, intirzierea la actionarea dispozitivului de franare)
t1=
0.5
to=
0.7
fi=0.8
40

v [m/s]
0
0

10

15

20

25

30

35

FRANAREA AUTOVEHICULULUI
Panta [grade]
Tip drum
Asfalt
uscat

Panta [grd]

v [m/s]

Sf [m]

tf [s]

So [m]

Tip drum

5
v [m/s]

Sf [m]

tf [s]

0.0

0.0

0.0 Asfalt

0.0

0.0

1.6

0.6

7.6

1.4

0.6

uscat

10

6.2

1.3

18.2

10

5.7

1.3

0.8

15

14.0

1.9

32.0

0.8

15

12.7

1.9

20

24.9

2.5

48.9

20

22.6

2.5

0.018

25

38.9

3.2

68.9

0.018

25

35.3

3.2

30

56.1

3.8

92.1

30

50.9

3.8

37.22

86.3

4.7

131.0

37.22

78.3

4.7

Pamint

0.0

0.0

0.0

Pamint

0.0

0.0

batatorit

2.5

1.0

8.5

batatorit

2.2

1.2

umed

10

10.2

2.0

22.2

10

8.7

2.4

15

22.9

3.1

40.9

umed

15

19.6

3.6

0.42

20

40.8

4.1

64.8

0.42

20

34.8

4.9

25

63.7

5.1

93.7

25

54.4

6.1

0.08

30

91.7

6.1

127.7

0.08

30

78.4

7.3

37.22

141.2

7.6

185.9

37.22

120.6

9.0

Asfalt

0.0

0.0

0.0 Asfalt

umed

2.1

0.8

8.1

0.0

0.0

1.8

0.8

20.2

umed

10

8.2

1.6

10

7.2

0.6

15

18.5

1.7

2.5

36.5

0.6

15

16.3

20

2.5

32.9

3.3

56.9

20

28.9

3.4

0.02

25

51.4

4.1

81.4

0.02

25

45.2

4.2

30

74.0

4.9

110.0

30

65.1

5.1

37.22

113.9

6.1

158.5

37.22

100.2

6.3

Zapada

0.0

0.0

0.0

Zapada

0.0

0.0

batatorita

3.9

1.5

9.9

batatorita

3.1

1.5

10

15.4

3.1

27.4

10

12.3

3.1

0.3

15

34.8

4.6

52.8

0.3

15

27.6

4.6

20

61.8

6.2

85.8

20

49.0

6.2

0.03

25

96.5

7.7

126.5

0.03

25

76.6

7.7

30

139.0

9.3

175.0

30

110.3

9.3

37.22

214.0

11.5

258.6

37.22

169.8

11.5

Panta [grade]

Panta [grd]

-10
Tip drum
Asfalt

Asfalt

-5
v [m/s]

Sf [m]

tf [s]

So [m]

Tip drum

v [m/s]

Sf [m]

0.0

0.0

0.0 Asfalt

2.0

0.6

8.0

10

8.1

1.3

0.8

15

18.1

20

0.018

uscat

tf [s]
0.0

0.0

1.8

0.6

20.1

uscat

10

7.0

1.3

1.9

36.1

0.8

15

15.8

1.9

32.3

2.5

56.3

20

28.0

2.5

25

50.4

3.2

80.4

0.018

25

43.8

3.2

30

72.6

3.8

108.6

30

63.0

3.8

37.22

111.7

4.7

156.4

37.22

97.0

4.7

Pamint

0.0

0.0

0.0

Pamint

0.0

0.0

batatorit

4.0

1.2

10.0

batatorit

3.1

1.2

umed

10

16.0

2.4

28.0

10

12.4

2.4

15

36.0

3.6

54.0

umed

15

27.9

3.6

0.42

20

64.0

4.9

88.0

0.42

20

49.6

4.9

25

99.9

6.1

129.9

25

77.5

6.1

0.08

30

143.9

7.3

179.9

0.08

30

111.6

7.3

37.22

221.5

9.0

266.2

37.22

171.8

9.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0 Asfalt

umed

2.9

0.8

8.9

2.4

0.8

11.7

1.7

23.7

umed

10

10

9.6

1.7

0.6

15

26.2

2.5

44.2

0.6

15

21.6

2.5

20

46.7

3.4

70.7

20

38.4

3.4

0.02

25

72.9

4.2

102.9

0.02

25

60.0

4.2

30

105.0

5.1

141.0

30

86.5

5.1

37.22

161.6

6.3

206.3

37.22

133.1

6.3

Zapada

0.0

0.0

0.0

Zapada

0.0

0.0

batatorita

8.4

1.5

14.4

5.3

1.5

10

33.7

3.1

45.7

batatorita

10

21.1

3.1

0.3

15

75.8

4.6

93.8

0.3

15

47.5

4.6

20

134.7

6.2

158.7

20

84.4

6.2

0.03

25

210.5

7.7

240.5

0.03

25

131.9

7.7

30

303.1

9.3

339.1

30

189.9

9.3

37.22

466.5

11.5

511.2

37.22

292.3

11.5

Stabilitatea autovehiculului
Unghiul de bracare (teta) si raza minima de viraj (Rv)

grade
Unghiul de bracare
interior maxim
Unghiul de bracare
exterior
Unghiul de bracare
mediu

radiani
40

0.698

32.27

0.563

36.14

0.631

Raza de viraj min

6.57 m
Fiy

fi
0.16
0.32
0.48
0.64

Raza de viraj

Raza de viraj

Raza de viraj

0.2
0.4
0.6
0.8

coeficientul de aderenta fi
0.2
Unghiul de inclinare al drumului beta
0
2
4
Vd
Vd
Vd
Vd
6.57
3.212
3.555
3.872
10.00
3.962
4.385
4.776
30.00
6.862
7.595
8.272
50.00
8.859
9.805
10.680
70.00
10.482
11.602
12.636
90.00
11.885
13.155
14.328
110.00
13.140
14.544
15.840
130.00
14.285
15.811
17.220
150.00
15.344
16.983
18.498
170.00
16.335
18.080
19.692
190.00
17.269
19.114
20.818
210.00
18.155
20.095
21.887
coeficientul de aderenta fi
0.4
Unghiul de inclinare al drumului beta
0
2
4
Vd
Vd
Vd
Vd
6.57
4.543
4.811
5.072
10
5.603
5.934
6.255
30
9.704
10.278
10.834
50
12.528
13.269
13.987
70
14.824
15.700
16.550
90
16.809
17.802
18.766
110
18.583
19.681
20.746
130
20.201
21.395
22.553
150
21.700
22.982
24.226
170
23.101
24.466
25.791
190
24.422
25.865
27.266
210
25.676
27.193
28.665
coeficientul de aderenta fi
0.6
Unghiul de inclinare al drumului beta
0
2
4
Vd
Vd
Vd
Vd
6.573
5.564
5.811
6.058

6
4.170
5.143
8.908
11.500
13.607
15.429
17.058
18.544
19.919
21.206
22.418
23.569

Viteza de derapar
coef. de aderenta =

Vd [m/s]
12

Viteza de de
coef. de adere

Vd [m/s]
14

10

Vitez
coef. d

Vd [m/s]
16
8
Vd [m/s]
18
6

6
8

5.326
6.569
11.378
14.689
17.380
19.708
21.788
23.686
25.442
27.085
28.634
30.104

2
9
0
0

0
0

0
0

6
6.304
Vd [km/h]
16

Variatia Vd ptr. coe


de aderenta dife

10
30
50
70
90
110
130
150
170
190
210

6.862
11.885
15.344
18.155
20.586
22.759
24.742
26.577
28.293
29.911
31.446

7.168
12.415
16.027
18.964
21.503
23.772
25.843
27.760
29.553
31.243
32.846

7.471
12.941
16.707
19.767
22.414
24.780
26.938
28.937
30.805
32.567
34.238

7.775
13.466
17.385
20.570
23.325
25.786
28.033
30.112
32.057
33.890
35.629

Variatia Vd ptr. coe


de aderenta dife

Vd [km/h]
16

Raza de viraj

coeficientul de aderenta fi
0.8
Unghiul de inclinare al drumului beta
0
2
4
Vd
Vd
Vd
Vd
6.573
6.424
6.672
6.923
10
7.924
8.229
8.539
30
13.724
14.254
14.789
50
17.718
18.402
19.093
70
20.964
21.773
22.591
90
23.771
24.688
25.616
110
26.280
27.294
28.319
130
28.569
29.672
30.786
150
30.688
31.872
33.070
170
32.670
33.931
35.205
190
34.538
35.871
37.219
210
36.311
37.712
39.128

6
7.177
8.852
15.333
19.795
23.421
26.557
29.360
31.918
34.285
36.500
38.587
40.567

0
0

Caracteristica externa

700

M [Nm]
c [g/kW]
C [kg/h]

583

467

350

233

117

1400

1700

2000

2300

2600

0
2900 n [rot/min]

1400

1700

2000

2300

2600

0
2900 n [rot/min]

Treapta II
Sd

Viteza

Fr

1/a

Td

Sd

Viteza

Fr

[m]

[m/s]

[N]

[m/s2]

[m/s2]

[s]

[m]

[m/s]

[N]

0.130

1.55 23286.1033

0.17

1.33

0.754

1.462

2.460

2.450 15694.5268

0.191

1.72 23613.0862

0.18

1.35

0.743

1.591

2.671

2.722 15914.9089

0.257

1.89 23880.7793

0.18

1.36

0.734

1.719

2.901

2.994 16095.3306

0.329

2.07 24089.1827

0.18

1.37

0.728

1.845

3.150

3.267 16235.7918

0.406

2.24 24238.2964

0.18

1.38

0.723

1.969

3.419

3.539 16336.2924

0.490

2.41 24328.1204

0.18

1.39

0.720

2.094

3.708

3.811 16396.8326

0.579

2.58 24358.6546

0.18

1.39

0.719

2.218

4.018

4.083 16417.4122

0.674

2.76 24329.8991

0.18

1.39

0.720

2.342

4.348

4.356 16398.0314

0.724

2.84 24293.2877

0.18

1.39

0.721

2.404

4.522

4.492 16373.3558

0.776

2.93 24241.8538

0.18

1.38

0.723

2.466

4.702

4.628

0.884

3.10 24094.5188

0.18

1.37

0.728

2.591

5.078

4.900 16239.3882

0.999

3.27 23887.8941

0.18

1.36

0.735

2.717

5.479

5.172 16100.1259

1.122

3.44 23621.9796

0.18

1.35

0.743

2.844

5.907

5.444

1.253

3.62 23296.7754

0.17

1.33

0.755

2.973

6.362

5.717 15701.7197

1.393

3.79 22912.2815

0.17

1.30

0.768

3.104

6.848

5.989 15442.5758

1.542

3.96 22468.4978

0.17

1.27

0.785

3.238

7.367

6.261 15143.4715

1.701

4.13 21965.4244

0.16

1.24

0.804

3.375

7.921

6.533 14804.4066

1.871

4.31 21403.0612

0.16

1.21

0.827

3.515

8.514

6.806 14425.3813

2.053

4.48 20781.4084

0.15

1.17

0.854

3.660

9.150

7.078 14006.3954

2.249

4.65 20100.4657

0.15

1.13

0.886

3.810

9.834

7.350

2.310

4.70 19884.6214

0.15

1.12

0.897

3.856

10.049

7.432 13401.9728

2.460

4.82 19360.2334

0.14

1.08

0.923

3.966

10.572

7.622 13048.5422

a]ia for]ei la roat#


trepte de vitez#

16338.69

15920.903

13547.449

Varia]ia factorulu
pe trepte de v

trepte de vitez#

pe trepte de v

D
0.30

I
0.25

0.20

II

0.15

III

0.10

IV

5
6
0.05

20

25

30

V [m/s]

0.00

35

10

15

Varia]ia accelera]ie
pe trepte

a [m/s2]
2.0

1.8

1.6

1.4

1.2

3
1.0

0.8

0.6

3
1.0

0.8

0.6

0.4

0.2

0.0
0

III

10

IV

15

20

Viteza III

PR

Pr+Pa+Pp

Viteza IV

PR

Pr+Pa+Pp

Viteza V

PR

Pr+Pa+Pp

Viteza VI

[m/s]

[kW]

[kW]

[m/s]

[kW]

[kW]

[m/s]

[kW]

[kW]

[m/s]

2.450

58.96

29.68

3.804

58.96

29.30

6.078

58.96

27.20

10.990

2.722

66.43

32.98

4.226

66.43

32.58

6.753

66.43

30.33

12.212

2.994

73.90

36.29

4.649

73.90

35.87

7.429

73.90

33.49

13.433

3.267

81.32

39.60

5.072

81.32

39.17

8.104

81.32

36.69

14.654

3.539

88.65

42.91

5.494

88.65

42.48

8.779

88.65

39.93

15.875

3.811

95.82

46.23

5.917

95.82

45.79

9.454

95.82

43.21

17.096

4.083

102.79

49.54

6.340

102.79

49.13

10.130

102.79

46.54

18.317

4.356

109.52

52.86

6.762

109.52

52.47

10.805

109.52

49.91

19.539

4.492

112.77

54.53

6.974

112.77

54.14

11.143

112.77

51.62

20.149

4.628

115.94

56.19

7.185

115.94

55.82

11.480

115.94

53.34

20.760

4.900

122.01

59.52

7.608

122.01

59.19

12.156

122.01

56.83

21.981

5.172

127.69

62.85

8.030

127.69

62.58

12.831

127.69

60.38

23.202

5.444

132.91

66.19

8.453

132.91

65.98

13.506

132.91

63.99

24.423

5.717

137.64

69.53

8.876

137.64

69.39

14.182

137.64

67.67

25.644

5.989

141.81

72.87

9.298

141.81

72.83

14.857

141.81

71.41

26.866

6.261

145.38

76.22

9.721

145.38

76.28

15.532

145.38

75.24

28.087

6.533

148.31

79.58

10.144

148.31

79.75

16.208

148.31

79.13

29.308

6.806

150.53

82.94

10.566

150.53

83.24

16.883

150.53

83.11

30.529

7.078

152.01

86.30

10.989

152.01

86.75

17.558

152.01

87.17

31.750

7.350

152.68

89.67

11.411

152.68

90.28

18.234

152.68

91.32

32.971

7.432

152.72

90.69

11.538

152.72

91.34

18.436

152.72

92.58

33.338

7.622

152.51

93.05

11.834

152.51

93.83

18.909

152.51

95.55

34.193

300.0

250.0

200.0

150.0

100.0

50.0

Timpul de fr@nare
func]ie de coeficientul de aderen]#
0.0
0

10

15

20
10

25

30

35

40

9
8
7
6

tf [s]
5
4
3
2
1
0
0

So [m]

af [m/s2]

af [m/s2]

0.0

8.02

8.02

7.4

8.03

8.03

10

15

20

25

30

17.7

8.04

8.04

30.7

8.05

8.05

46.6

8.08

8.08

65.3

8.11

8.11

86.9

8.14

8.14

122.9

8.21

8.21

0.0

4.91

4.91

8.2

4.91

4.91

20.7

4.92

4.92

37.6

4.93

4.93

58.8

4.96

4.96

84.4

4.99

4.99

114.4

5.02

5.02

165.3

5.09

5.09

0.0

6.08

6.08

7.8

6.09

6.09

19.2

6.10

6.10

34.3

6.11

6.11

52.9

6.14

6.14

75.2

6.16

6.16

101.1

6.20

6.20

144.8

6.27

6.27

0.0

3.24

3.24

9.1

3.24

3.24

24.3

3.25

3.25

45.6

3.27

3.27

73.0

3.29

3.29

106.6

3.32

3.32

146.3

3.36

3.36

214.4

3.42

3.42

So [m]

af [m/s2]

af [m/s2]

0.0

8.02

8.02

7.8

8.03

8.03

19.0

8.04

8.04

33.8

8.05

8.05

52.0

8.08

8.08

73.8

8.11

8.11

99.0

8.14

8.14

141.7

8.21

8.21

0.0

4.91

4.91

9.1

4.91

4.91

24.4

4.92

4.92

45.9

4.93

4.93

73.6

4.96

4.96

107.5

4.99

4.99

147.6

5.02

5.02

216.5

5.09

5.09

0.0

6.08

6.08

8.4

6.09

6.09

21.6

6.10

6.10

39.6

6.11

6.11

62.4

6.14

6.14

90.0

6.16

6.16

122.5

6.20

6.20

177.8

6.27

6.27

0.0

3.24

3.24

11.3

3.24

3.24

33.1

3.25

3.25

65.5

3.27

3.27

108.4

3.29

3.29

161.9

3.32

3.32

225.9

3.36

3.36

336.9

3.42

3.42

Viteza de derapare
coef. de aderenta = 0.2
Viteza de derapare
coef. de aderenta=0.4

= 6
= 4
= 2

Viteza de derapare
coef. de aderenta=0.6

= 0 = 6

Viteza de derapare = 4
coef.de aderenta=0.8 = 2

m/s]

= 0

18

=6
=4
=2
=0

9
4

10

Rv [m]

10

12

Rv [m]

10

12

12

Rv [m]

0
6

10

12
Rv [m]

Variatia Vd ptr. coeficienti


de aderenta diferiti

Variatia Vd ptr. coeficienti


de aderenta diferiti

Unghiul = 0
4

10

Rv [m]

12

Pe [kW]
Me [Nm]

Variatia vitezelor autocamionului in functie


de turatia motorului si nr. de trepte

V [m/s]

800
40

700
35

600
30

500
25

400
20

300
15

200
10

100
5

n [rot/min]

Treapta III

Treapta IV

1/a

Td

Sd

Viteza

Fr

1/a

[m/s2]

[m/s2]

[s]

[m]

[m/s]

[N]

[m/s2]

[m/s2]

0.117

0.941

1.063

3.966

10.572

3.804

10577.90

0.079

0.624

1.602

0.119

0.955

1.047

4.253

11.314

4.226

10726.44

0.080

0.634

1.577

0.120

0.967

1.034

4.536

12.124

4.649

10848.04

0.081

0.642

1.557

0.121

0.977

1.024

4.816

13.001

5.072

10942.71

0.081

0.648

1.543

0.122

0.983

1.017

5.094

13.946

5.494

11010.45

0.082

0.652

1.533

0.122

0.987

1.013

5.370

14.962

5.917

11051.25

0.082

0.655

1.527

0.122

0.988

1.012

5.646

16.050

6.340

11065.12

0.082

0.655

1.527

0.122

0.986

1.014

5.922

17.214

6.762

11052.06

0.082

0.653

1.530

0.122

0.985

1.016

6.060

17.825

6.974

11035.43

0.082

0.652

1.534

0.122

0.982

1.018

6.198

18.456

7.185

11012.06

0.082

0.650

1.539

0.121

0.975

1.025

6.477

19.781

7.608

10945.13

0.081

0.644

1.552

0.120

0.966

1.036

6.757

21.194

8.030

10851.27

0.080

0.637

1.570

0.119

0.953

1.049

7.041

22.700

8.453

10730.48

0.079

0.628

1.593

0.117

0.938

1.066

7.329

24.307

8.876

10582.75

0.078

0.616

1.622

0.115

0.920

1.086

7.622

26.022

9.298

10408.09

0.077

0.603

1.657

0.113

0.900

1.111

7.921

27.854

9.721

10206.50

0.075

0.588

1.700

0.110

0.877

1.140

8.227

29.814

10.144

9977.97

0.073

0.571

1.751

0.107

0.851

1.175

8.542

31.916

10.566

9722.52

0.071

0.552

1.811

0.104

0.823

1.215

8.868

34.174

10.989

9440.13

0.069

0.531

1.882

0.100

0.792

1.263

9.205

36.608

11.411

9130.80

0.066

0.509

1.966

0.099

0.782

1.279

9.309

37.375

11.538

9032.75

0.066

0.501

1.994

0.097

0.758

1.320

9.557

39.239

11.834

8794.55

0.064

0.484

2.066

Varia]ia factorului dinamic


pe trepte de vitez#

Varia]ia tim

200

pe trepte de vitez#

200

175

150

125

td [s]
100

75

IV
50

V
VI

25

0
10

15

20

25

30

V [m/s]

35

Varia]ia accelera]ie
pe trepte

10

15

Varia]ia inversului
pe trep

40

35

30

1/a [s2/m]
25

20

15

20

15

10

15

20

25

VI
PR

Pr+Pa+Pp

[kW]

[kW]

58.96

20.05

66.43

22.90

73.90

25.94

81.32

29.21

88.65

32.71

95.82

36.47

102.79

40.50

109.52

44.83

112.77

47.11

115.94

49.47

122.01

54.45

127.69

59.78

132.91

65.48

137.64

71.58

141.81

78.10

145.38

85.04

148.31

92.44

150.53

100.32

152.01

108.68

152.68

117.56

152.72

120.32

152.51

126.96

30

v [m/s]

Viteza I
[m/s]

3
1 2

35

PR
[kW]

Pr+Pa+Pd

[kW]

0.94
1.05
1.15
1.25
1.36
1.46
1.57
1.67
1.72
1.78
1.88
1.99
2.09
2.19
2.30
2.40
2.51
2.61
2.72
2.82
2.85
2.93

58.96
66.43
73.90
81.32
88.65
95.82
102.79
109.52
112.77
115.94
122.01
127.69
132.91
137.64
141.81
145.38
148.31
150.53
152.01
152.68
152.72
152.51

34.05
37.83
41.61
45.40
49.18
52.97
56.75
60.53
62.43
64.32
68.10
71.89
75.67
79.46
83.24
87.03
90.82
94.60
98.39
102.18
103.31
105.96

1.55
1.72
1.89
2.07
2.24
2.41
2.58
2.76
2.84
2.93
3.10
3.27
3.44
3.62
3.79
3.96
4.13
4.31
4.48
4.65

58.96
66.43
73.90
81.32
88.65
95.82
102.79
109.52
112.77
115.94
122.01
127.69
132.91
137.64
141.81
145.38
148.31
150.53
152.01
152.68

30.28
33.64
37.01
40.37
43.74
47.11
50.48
53.85
55.53
57.22
60.59
63.96
67.34
70.71
74.09
77.47
80.84
84.22
87.60
90.99

10

15

mpul de fr@nare
coeficientul de aderen]#

20

25

30

35

v [m/s]

4.70
4.82

152.72
152.51

92.00
94.37

2.450
2.722
2.994
3.267
3.539
3.811
4.083
4.356
4.492
4.628
4.900
5.172
5.444
5.717

58.96
66.43
73.90
81.32
88.65
95.82
102.79
109.52
112.77
115.94
122.01
127.69
132.91
137.64

29.68
32.98
36.29
39.60
42.91
46.23
49.54
52.86
54.53
56.19
59.52
62.85
66.19
69.53

5.989
6.261
6.533
6.806
7.078
7.350
7.432
7.622

141.81
145.38
148.31
150.53
152.01
152.68
152.72
152.51

72.87
76.22
79.58
82.94
86.30
89.67
90.69
93.05

3.804
4.226
4.649
5.072
5.494
5.917
6.340
6.762
6.974
7.185
7.608
8.030
8.453
8.876
9.298
9.721
10.144
10.566
10.989
11.411
11.538
11.834

58.96
66.43
73.90
81.32
88.65
95.82
102.79
109.52
112.77
115.94
122.01
127.69
132.91
137.64
141.81
145.38
148.31
150.53
152.01
152.68
152.72
152.51

29.30
32.58
35.87
39.17
42.48
45.79
49.13
52.47
54.14
55.82
59.19
62.58
65.98
69.39
72.83
76.28
79.75
83.24
86.75
90.28
91.34
93.83

6.078
6.753
7.429
8.104
8.779
9.454
10.130
10.805
11.143
11.480

58.96
66.43
73.90
81.32
88.65
95.82
102.79
109.52
112.77
115.94

27.20
30.33
33.49
36.69
39.93
43.21
46.54
49.91
51.62
53.34

12.156
12.831
13.506
14.182
14.857
15.532
16.208
16.883
17.558
18.234
18.436
18.909

122.01
127.69
132.91
137.64
141.81
145.38
148.31
150.53
152.01
152.68
152.72
152.51

56.83
60.38
63.99
67.67
71.41
75.24
79.13
83.11
87.17
91.32
92.58
95.55

10.990
12.212
13.433
14.654
15.875
17.096
18.317
19.539
20.149
20.760
21.981
23.202
24.423
25.644
26.866
28.087
29.308
30.529
31.750
32.971
33.338
34.193

58.96
66.43
73.90
81.32
88.65
95.82
102.79
109.52
112.77
115.94
122.01
127.69
132.91
137.64
141.81
145.38
148.31
150.53
152.01
152.68
152.72
152.51

20.05
22.90
25.94
29.21
32.71
36.47
40.50
44.83
47.11
49.47
54.45
59.78
65.48
71.58
78.10
85.04
92.44
100.32
108.68
117.56
120.32
126.96

functie
pte

V [m/s]
800
40

700
35

600
30

500
25

400
20

300
15

200
10

100
5

n [rot/min]

Treapta V
Td

Sd

Viteza

Fr

1/a

Td

Sd

Viteza

[s]

[m]

[m/s]

[N]

[m/s2]

[m/s2]

[s]

[m]

[m/s]

9.557

39.239

6.078

7129.368

0.053

0.389

2.574

22.772

144.769

10.990

10.228

41.936

6.753

7229.478

0.053

0.395

2.534

24.497

155.835

12.212

10.891

44.875

7.429

7311.437

0.054

0.399

2.505

26.198

167.902

13.433

11.546

48.059

8.104

7375.242

0.054

0.402

2.485

27.884

180.988

14.654

12.196

51.492

8.779

7420.895

0.054

0.404

2.474

29.558

195.125

15.875

12.842

55.182

9.454

7448.396

0.054

0.405

2.472

31.228

210.352

17.096

13.488

59.138

10.130

7457.745

0.054

0.403

2.478

32.900

226.720

18.317

14.134

63.370

10.805

7448.941

0.054

0.401

2.493

34.579

244.292

19.539

14.458

65.594

11.143

7437.732

0.054

0.399

2.504

35.422

253.551

20.149

14.782

67.892

11.480

7421.985

0.054

0.397

2.518

36.270

263.142

20.760

15.435

72.723

12.156

7376.876

0.053

0.392

2.551

37.982

283.369

21.981

16.095

77.881

12.831

7313.615

0.052

0.385

2.596

39.720

305.082

23.202

16.763

83.389

13.506

7232.201

0.052

0.377

2.651

41.491

328.411

24.423

17.443

89.276

14.182

7132.636

0.051

0.368

2.720

43.305

353.517

25.644

18.136

95.574

14.857

7014.917

0.049

0.357

2.803

45.169

380.590

26.866

18.845

102.321

15.532

6879.047

0.048

0.345

2.903

47.096

409.863

28.087

19.574

109.563

16.208

6725.024

0.047

0.331

3.023

49.097

441.617

29.308

20.327

117.355

16.883

6552.848

0.045

0.316

3.168

51.187

476.206

30.529

21.107

125.764

17.558

6362.520

0.043

0.299

3.343

53.386

514.066

31.750

21.920

134.870

18.234

6154.040

0.042

0.281

3.557

55.716

555.760

32.971

22.171

137.751

18.436

6087.957

0.041

0.276

3.630

56.444

569.107

33.338

22.772

144.769

18.909

5927.408

0.039

0.262

3.820

58.204

601.983

34.193

Varia]ia timpului de demaraj

Vari

3000

2700

2400

2100

1800

Sd [m]
1500

1200

900

600

300

0
10

15

20

25

30

v [m/s]

35

10

Varia]ia inversului accelera]iei


pe trepte
160.00

140.00

15
120.00

100.00
PR, Pr+Pa+Pd [N]

80.00

60.00

40.00

7.7

4.5

60.00

40.00

6
20.00

10

15

20

25

30

v [m/s]

35

0.00
0.00

5.00

10.00

Varia]ia Sf
Z#pad# b#t#torita

350

=-10

300

250

Sf [m]
200

=-5

150

=0
=5

100

50

0
0

10

15

20

25

30

35

v [m/s]

Varia]ia Sf
Asfalt uscat

80

70

60

= -10

50

= -5

Sf [m]

= 0

40

= 5

30

20

10

0
0

10

15

20

25

30

v [m/s]

10

0
0

10

15

20

25

30

v [m/s]

Treapta VI
Fr

1/a

Td

Sd

[N]

[m/s2]

[m/s2]

[s]

[m]

4805.100

0.034

0.214

4.667

58.204

601.983

4872.573

0.034

0.215

4.641

63.888

667.919

4927.812

0.034

0.215

4.643

69.557

740.609

4970.816

0.034

0.214

4.673

75.245

820.490

5001.586

0.034

0.211

4.731

80.987

908.130

5020.121

0.034

0.208

4.819

86.817

1004.255

5026.422

0.033

0.202

4.942

92.777

1109.782

5020.488

0.032

0.196

5.103

98.910

1225.874

5012.933

0.032

0.192

5.201

102.056

1288.301

5002.320

0.032

0.188

5.312

105.266

1353.948

4971.917

0.031

0.179

5.577

111.914

1496.021

4929.280

0.030

0.169

5.913

118.929

1654.513

4874.408

0.028

0.158

6.344

126.413

1832.727

4807.302

0.027

0.145

6.902

134.501

2035.190

4727.962

0.026

0.131

7.641

143.380

2268.315

4636.387

0.024

0.116

8.650

153.327

2541.612

4532.577

0.022

0.099

10.094

164.772

2870.048

4416.533

0.020

0.081

12.306

178.449

3279.245

4288.255

0.018

0.062

16.080

195.781

3818.946

4147.742

0.016

0.042

23.893

220.187

4608.753

4103.203

0.016

0.036

28.164

229.722

4924.897

3994.995

0.014

0.020

49.379

262.865

6043.957

Varia]ia spa]iului de demaraj

10

15

20

25

30

v [m/s]

Bilantul de putere

7.7

4.5

2.7

1.3

35

.00

10.00

15.00

20.00

25.00

30.00

v [m/s]
35.00

40.00

Varia]ia Sf
Asfalt umed

120

=-10
100

=-5
80

=0

Sf [m]

=5

60

40

20

0
0

10

15

20

25

30

v [m/s]

35

Varia]ia Sf
P#m@nt b#t#torit

160

140

=-10
120

=-5

100

Sf [m]
80

=0

60

=5

40

20

0
0

10

15

20

25

30

35

v [m/s]

0
0

10

15

20

25

30

35

v [m/s]

Viteza I
[m/s]
0.94
1.05
1.15
1.25
1.36
1.46
1.57
1.67
1.72
1.78
1.88
1.99
2.09
2.19
2.30
2.40
2.51
2.61
2.72
2.82
2.85
2.93

Fr
[N]
34549.79
35034.94
35432.12
35741.33
35962.57
36095.84
36141.14
36098.48
36044.16
35967.85
35749.24
35442.67
35048.13
34565.62
33995.15
33336.7
32590.29
31755.9
30833.55
29823.23
29502.98
28724.94

D
0.258
0.262
0.265
0.267
0.269
0.270
0.270
0.270
0.269
0.269
0.267
0.265
0.262
0.258
0.254
0.249
0.243
0.237
0.230
0.223
0.220
0.214

a
[m/s2]
1.697
1.722
1.742
1.758
1.770
1.777
1.779
1.777
1.774
1.770
1.759
1.743
1.722
1.697
1.668
1.634
1.596
1.553
1.505
1.453
1.436
1.396

1/a
[m/s2]
0.589
0.581
0.574
0.569
0.565
0.563
0.562
0.563
0.564
0.565
0.569
0.574
0.581
0.589
0.600
0.612
0.627
0.644
0.664
0.688
0.696
0.716

1.55
1.72
1.89
2.07
2.24
2.41
2.58
2.76
2.84
2.93
3.10
3.27
3.44

23286.1
23613.09
23880.78
24089.18
24238.3
24328.12
24358.65
24329.9
24293.29
24241.85
24094.52
23887.89
23621.98

0.17
0.18
0.18
0.18
0.18
0.18
0.18
0.18
0.18
0.18
0.18
0.18
0.18

1.33
1.35
1.36
1.37
1.38
1.39
1.39
1.39
1.39
1.38
1.37
1.36
1.35

0.754
0.743
0.734
0.728
0.723
0.720
0.719
0.720
0.721
0.723
0.728
0.735
0.743

Viteza I
[m/s]
0.94
1.05
1.15
1.25
1.36
1.46
1.57
1.67
1.72
1.78
1.88
1.99
2.09
2.19
2.30
2.40
2.51
2.61
2.72
2.82
2.85
2.93
3.27
3.44
3.62
3.79
3.96
4.13
4.31
4.48
4.65
4.70
4.82
5.17
5.44
5.72

Td
[s]
0.277
0.338
0.399
0.458
0.518
0.577
0.635
0.694
0.724
0.753
0.812
0.872
0.932
0.993
1.056
1.119
1.184
1.250
1.318
1.389
1.411
1.462
2.717
2.844
2.973
3.104
3.238
3.375
3.515
3.660
3.810
3.856
3.966
6.757
7.041
7.329

Sd
[m]
0.130
0.191
0.257
0.329
0.406
0.490
0.579
0.674
0.724
0.776
0.884
0.999
1.122
1.253
1.393
1.542
1.701
1.871
2.053
2.249
2.310
2.460
5.479
5.907
6.362
6.848
7.367
7.921
8.514
9.150
9.834
10.049
10.572
21.194
22.700
24.307

3.62 23296.78

0.17

1.33

0.755

5.99

7.622

26.022

3.79 22912.28

0.17

1.30

0.768

6.26

7.921

27.854

3.96

22468.5

0.17

1.27

0.785

6.53

8.227

29.814

4.13 21965.42

0.16

1.24

0.804

6.81

8.542

31.916

4.31 21403.06

0.16

1.21

0.827

7.08

8.868

34.174

4.48 20781.41

0.15

1.17

0.854

7.35

9.205

36.608

4.65 20100.47

0.15

1.13

0.886

7.43

9.309

37.375

4.70 19884.62

0.15

1.12

0.897

7.62

9.557

39.239

4.82 19360.23

0.14

1.08

0.923

15694.53
15914.91
16095.33
16235.79
16336.29
16396.83
16417.41
16398.03
16373.36
16338.69
16239.39
16100.13
15920.9
15701.72
15442.58
15143.47
14804.41
14425.38
14006.4

0.117
0.119
0.120
0.121
0.122
0.122
0.122
0.122
0.122
0.122
0.121
0.120
0.119
0.117
0.115
0.113
0.110
0.107
0.104

0.941
0.955
0.967
0.977
0.983
0.987
0.988
0.986
0.985
0.982
0.975
0.966
0.953
0.938
0.920
0.900
0.877
0.851
0.823

1.063
1.047
1.034
1.024
1.017
1.013
1.012
1.014
1.016
1.018
1.025
1.036
1.049
1.066
1.086
1.111
1.140
1.175
1.215

8.03
8.45
8.88
9.30
9.72
10.14
10.57
10.99
11.41
11.54
11.83
12.83
13.51
14.18
14.86
15.53
16.21
16.88
17.56
18.23
18.44

16.095
16.763
17.443
18.136
18.845
19.574
20.327
21.107
21.920
22.171
22.772
39.720
41.491
43.305
45.169
47.096
49.097
51.187
53.386
55.716
56.444

77.881
83.389
89.276
95.574
102.321
109.563
117.355
125.764
134.870
137.751
144.769
305.082
328.411
353.517
380.590
409.863
441.617
476.206
514.066
555.760
569.107

7.350 13547.45

0.100

0.792

1.263

18.91

58.204

601.983

7.432 13401.97

0.099

0.782

1.279

23.20

118.929 1654.513

7.622 13048.54

0.097

0.758

1.320

24.42

126.413 1832.727

25.64

134.501 2035.190

2.450
2.722
2.994
3.267
3.539
3.811
4.083
4.356
4.492
4.628
4.900
5.172
5.444
5.717
5.989
6.261
6.533
6.806
7.078

3.804 10577.90

0.079

0.624

1.602

26.87

143.380 2268.315

4.226 10726.44

0.080

0.634

1.577

28.09

153.327 2541.612

4.649 10848.04

0.081

0.642

1.557

29.31

164.772 2870.048

5.072 10942.71

0.081

0.648

1.543

30.53

178.449 3279.245

5.494 11010.45
5.917 11051.25

0.082
0.082

0.652
0.655

1.533
1.527

31.75
32.97

195.781 3818.946
220.187 4608.753

0.082
0.082
0.082
0.082
0.081
0.080
0.079
0.078
0.077
0.075
0.073
0.071
0.069
0.066
0.066
0.064

0.655
0.653
0.652
0.650
0.644
0.637
0.628
0.616
0.603
0.588
0.571
0.552
0.531
0.509
0.501
0.484

1.527
1.530
1.534
1.539
1.552
1.570
1.593
1.622
1.657
1.700
1.751
1.811
1.882
1.966
1.994
2.066

33.34
34.19

229.722 4924.897
262.865
6044.0

6.340
6.762
6.974
7.185
7.608
8.030
8.453
8.876
9.298
9.721
10.144
10.566
10.989
11.411
11.538
11.834

11065.12
11052.06
11035.43
11012.06
10945.13
10851.27
10730.48
10582.75
10408.09
10206.50
9977.97
9722.52
9440.13
9130.80
9032.75
8794.55

6.078
6.753
7.429
8.104
8.779
9.454
10.130
10.805
11.143
11.480
12.156
13.506
14.182
14.857
15.532
16.208
16.883
17.558
18.234
18.436
18.909

7129.368
7229.478
7311.437
7375.242
7420.895
7448.396
7457.745
7448.941
7437.732
7421.985
7376.876
7232.201
7132.636
7014.917
6879.047
6725.024
6552.848
6362.520
6154.040
6087.957
5927.408

0.053
0.053
0.054
0.054
0.054
0.054
0.054
0.054
0.054
0.054
0.053
0.052
0.051
0.049
0.048
0.047
0.045
0.043
0.042
0.041
0.039

0.389
0.395
0.399
0.402
0.404
0.405
0.403
0.401
0.399
0.397
0.392
0.377
0.368
0.357
0.345
0.331
0.316
0.299
0.281
0.276
0.262

2.574
2.534
2.505
2.485
2.474
2.472
2.478
2.493
2.504
2.518
2.551
2.651
2.720
2.803
2.903
3.023
3.168
3.343
3.557
3.630
3.820

10.990
12.212
13.433
14.654
15.875
17.096
18.317
19.539
20.149
20.760
21.981
23.202
24.423
25.644
26.866
28.087
29.308
30.529
31.750
32.971
33.338
34.193

4805.100
4872.573
4927.812
4970.816
5001.586
5020.121
5026.422
5020.488
5012.933
5002.320
4971.917
4929.280
4874.408
4807.302
4727.962
4636.387
4532.577
4416.533
4288.255
4147.742
4103.203
3994.995

0.034
0.034
0.034
0.034
0.034
0.034
0.033
0.032
0.032
0.032
0.031
0.030
0.028
0.027
0.026
0.024
0.022
0.020
0.018
0.016
0.016
0.014

0.214
0.215
0.215
0.214
0.211
0.208
0.202
0.196
0.192
0.188
0.179
0.169
0.158
0.145
0.131
0.116
0.099
0.081
0.062
0.042
0.036
0.020

4.667
4.641
4.643
4.673
4.731
4.819
4.942
5.103
5.201
5.312
5.577
5.913
6.344
6.902
7.641
8.650
10.094
12.306
16.080
23.893
28.164
49.379