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Operat, ii cu numere reale reprezentate prin litere

1. S se calculeze folosind formula (a + b)2 = a2 + 2ab + b2 :


a) (x + 2)2 ;
b) (a + 3b)2 ;

c) (x 2 + 3)2 ;
2

1
+ 2a ;
d)
2
e) (x3 + 5y 2 )2 .
2. S se calculeze folosind formula (a b)2 = a2 2ab + b2 :
a) (x 4)2 ;

b) (2a 3)2 ;

c) ( 2 3b)2 ;

2
1
d)
3b ;
3
e) (x2 3y 2 )2 .
3. S se calculeze folosind formula (a b)(a + b) = a2 b2 :
a) (x 7)(x + 7);
b) (3a 2)(3a + 2);

c) ( 5 b)( 5 + b);



1
1
d)
a+x
ax ;
6
6
e) (x3 + 3y 2 )(x3 3y 2 ).
4. S se calculeze folosind formula (a b)3 = a3 3a2 b + 3ab2 b3 :
a) (s 2)3 ;

b) (2d 5)3 ;

c) ( 2 2f )3 ;

3
2
d)
g ;
3
e) (x2 y)3 .
5. S se calculeze folosind formula (a + b)3 = a3 + 3a2 b + 3ab2 + b3 :
a) (g + 3)3 ;
b) (2d + 3)3 ;

c) ( 6 + 4f )3 ;
1

Algebr
3

2
+ 2d ;
d)
7

Clasa a IX - a

e) (q 3 + s)3 .
6. S se calculeze folosind formula a3 b3 = (a b)(a2 + ab + b2 ):
a) b3 73 ;

b) f 3 33 ;
c) c3 125;
 3
1
d)
x3 ;
2
e) a6 27s3 .
7. S se calculeze folosind formula a3 + b3 = (a + b)(a2 ab + b2 ):
a) a3 + 23 ;

b) 53 + x3 ;
c) h3 + 8;
 3
1
d)
+ x3 ;
2
e) a6 + 64b3 .
8. S se calculeze folosind formula a2 b2 = (a b)(a + b):
a) z 2 42 ;

b) c2 25;
c) 81 4x2 ;
 2
3
d)
9x2 ;
2
e) x6 16y 2 .
9. S se calculeze folosind formula (a + b + c)2 = a2 + b2 + c2 + 2ab + 2ac + 2bc:
a) (x + y + d)2 ;
b) (e + 2d + 3a)2 ;
c) (c2 + 2 + g)2 ;

2
1
d)
+a+b ;
2
e) (a + 2 3s)2 .
10. Calculat, i:
a) (x 2)2 (2x 4) + 5;
b) (a + 3)3 (2a 3)(a + 4) 7;
c) xy + (x 2)(y 5) 2xy + 1;

d) (2 + 2)2 3 2 5;
e) x3 + y 3 2xy 2 + (x 2y)3 .