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Consideraii privind aezrile sarmatice din

Barbaricum-ul vest dacic


dr. Bogdan Muscalu
(Liceul Teoretic David Voniga Giroc)
Mihaela Muscalu
(Liceul Pedagogic Carmen Sylva Timioara)
Sarmaii iazygi sunt vzui drept nite barbari rzboinici, tirile
antice vorbind mai mult despre evenimentele militare. n ciuda acestui fapt
prin analiza felului lor de via, descoperirile din aezri i necropole au
conturat o imagine de ansamblu a societii sarmatice din arealul cuprins
ntre Dunre i Tisa.
Aezrile sarmatice din arealul Dunre Tisa, cu precdere n zona
sudic a Barbaricum-ului iazyg sunt puin cunoscute, datorit numrului
mic de aezri descoperite arheologic. Multe, dintre cele categorisite drept
sarmatice, nu au nici un element de identificare etnic iranian, n
apropierea lor fiind identificate necropole sau descoperiri de morminte
sarmatice databile n aceeai etap cronologic. O situaie asemntoare se
regsete i la aezrile daco-romane, dar la acestea lipsete necropola
aferent care s releve etnicul aezrii.
Ocupaiile locuitorilor aezrilor sarmatice au fost cele obinuite
n mediul rural: agricultura, creterea vitelor, pstoritul. La acestea se
adaug o serie de ndeletniciri nelipsite oricrei comuniti rurale: dulgheria,
fierria, olritul, prelucrarea lemnului, precum i ndeletniciri casnice
(torsul, esutul etc.). Locuirea n enclave sau aezri mixte dintre sarmai i
daci a dus la preluarea unor cutume ocupaionale de tip sedentar.
The West Dacian Barbaricum

The iazyges sarmatians are seen as barbarian warriors, ancient news


reminding more of their military events. Despite this, through analysis of
their way of life and archaeological discoveries made in settlements and
burial grounds have outlined the big picture of sarmatical society in the
space between danube and tisa.

The sarmatian settlements found in the danube-tisa teritory, mostly from the
southern part of the iazyges Barbaricum are not well known, due to the
small of number of of settlements that have been excavated. Most of the
ones categorized as "sarmatian" have no element which can link them with
iranian culture, having burial grounds nearby that are of sarmatian origine
and are dated from the same period. A similar situation is found "dacianroman" settlements, but for these the adjacent burial ground that should
point the ethnic roots of the settlement is missing.
The ocupations of these "sarmatian" settlers are ordinary: agriculture, cow
and sheep herding. To these we can add a series of occupations that are a
must to any rural comunity: carpentry, smithing, pottery, woodworking, as
well as home occupations (spinning, weaving etc.). Living in enclaves or
mixed settlements composed of sarmatians and dacians have brought the
adoption of occupations of a more sedentary type.