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Timpurile verbelor in engleza

Present Simple Afirmativ :


Subiect + Verbul la infinitiv Exceptie : La pers a III sg verbul se termina mereu in s sau es : The boy wants a toy car for Christmas. Baiatul vrea o masina de jucarie pentru Craciun. Atentie: 1. Verbele care se termina in -y la pers a III sg, y se transforma in -ies: I cry She cries. I play He plays. 2. Verbele care se termina in o, -ss, -x, -sh, -ch primesc la pers a III sg es My mother usually goes to the market in the morning. Mama se duce de obicei in piata dimineata.

Negativ :
Subiect+ do not/ does not + verb She does not sing in the school chorus. Ea nu canta in corul scolii.

Interogativ :
do not/ does not + Subiect + verb Does she want to participate in the competition? - Vrea ea sa participle in competitie?

Present Continuous Afirmativ :


Subiect + Prezentul verbului a fi + ing : She is cutting the cake in slices. (Ea taie prajitura felii.)

Negativ :
Subiect + Prezentul verbului a fi + not + verb + ing : She is not talking at the moment, she is eating. (In acest moment ea nu vorbeste, mananca.)

Interogativ :
Prezentul verbului a fi + Subiect + verb + ing : Is she smiling ? (Ea zambeste ?)

Present Perfect: Afirmativ :


Subiectul + Auxiliarul HAVE la prezent + past participle al verbului de conjugat We are not going on holiday since the prices have rise. Noi nu mai mergem in vacanta deoarece preturile au crescut.

Negativ :
Subiectul + have/has not + past participle al verbului de conjugat I havent seen her this morning, she is probably sleeping. Nu am vazut-o de dimineata, probabil doarme.

Interogativ :
Auxiliarul HAVE la prezent + Subiectul + past participle al verbului de conjugat Havent you eaten too much chocolate already? Nu ai mancat deja destula ciocolata?

Present Perfect Continuous Afirmativ :


Subiectul + prezentul perfect al verbului to be (have/has been)+ participul prezent al verbului de conjugat (baza + ing) They have been reading a lot of book lately. Ei au citit o multime de carti in ultima vreme.

Negativ :
Subiectul + prezentul perfect al verbului to be (have/has been)+ NOT + participul prezent al verbului de conjugat They havent been watching TV this afternoon. Ei nu s-au uitat la tv in acesta dupa-amiaza.

Interogativ :
Prezentul perfect al verbului to be + Subiectul + participul prezent al verbului de conjugat What have you been doing ? I have been working on a new project. Ce ai mai facut? Am lucrat la un nou proiect.

Simple Past Afirmativ :


S + verbul la forma a II a de pe lista verbelor iregulate We went to the zoo yesterday. Am fost la zoo ieri. S + verb + ed pentru cele regulate I phoned her. I-am dat telefon.

Negativ : S + aux DO la trecut (did) + not + verbul la infinitiv We did not finish the project in due time. Noi nu am terminat proiectul la timp. Interogativ : Did + S + verbul la infinitiv ? Did you eat all the chocolate? Ai mancat toata ciocolata?

Past Perfect Afirmativ :


S + Past tense al verbului To HAVE + participiu trecut Atentie: La verbele regulate participiul trecut = verb + ed, iar la cele neregulate este forma a 3a de pe lista verbelor iregulate. At last she showed me the dress she had bought. Intr-un sfarsit, mi-a aratat rochia pe care si-o cumparase.

Negativ :
S + Past tense al verbului To HAVE + Not + participiu trecut They hadnt gone to Mt. Omu. Ei nu au mers pe varful Omu.

Interogativ :
Past tense al verbului To HAVE + S + participiu trecut Hadnt he loved you? Nu te iubea?

Past Continuous Afirmativ : S + verbul To BE la past tense + verbul de conjugat + ING I was reading the lesson when the teacher came in. Citeam lectia cand a intrat profesoara. Negativ : S + verbul To BE la past tense la forma negativa + verbul de conjugat + ING They werent looking for Susan; they were looking for her sister. Ei nu o cautau pe Susan, ei o cautau pe sora ei. Interogativ : Verbul To BE la past tense + S + verbul de conjugat + ING Was he driving too fast when he had the accident? Conducea el prea repede cand a avut accidentul?

Past Perfect Continuous Afirmativ :


S+ had been + participiu prezent cand tu m-ai sunat. Participiu prezent = verb + ing I have been thinking of writing you a mail when you called me. Eu ma gandisem sa iti scriu un mail

Negativ :
S + had + Not + been + present participle I hadnt been waiting long in a queue when I heard a voice calling my name. Nu stateam de mult la rand, cand au auzit o voce strigandu-mi numele.

Interogativ:
Had + S + been + present participle They hadnt been doing their tasks so they didnt get a bonus. Ei nu si-au indeplinit din taskuri deci nu au primit un bonus.

Simple Future Afirmativ :


S + will + verbul la infinitiv You will feel better if you take this pill. - Tu o sa te simti mult mai bine daca iei acesta pastila.

Negativ :
S + will not (wont) + verbul la infinitiv I wont tell where she is. Nu iti voi spune unde este ea.

Interogativ:
Will + S + verbul la infinitiv Will you love me in 10 years? O sa ma iubesti si peste 10 ani?

Future Perfect Afirmativ :


S + will have + past participle al verbului de conjugat past participle = forma a III a verbului Tomorrow at 9 they will have left for Sibiu. Maine la ora 9 ei vor fi plecat spre Sibiu.

Negativ :
S + will not have + past participle al verbului de conjugat When you phone Julie I will not have arrived at the station. Cand o suni pe Julie eu nu voi fi ajuns in statie.

Future Continuous Afirmativ :


S + Will be + present participle The Health Organisation will be opening a new hospital in this city. Organizatia de sanatate va deschide un nou spital in acest oras.

Negativ :
S + will not (wont) + present participle The train wont be arriving any time soon; there was an accident on the road. Trenul nu va ajunge prea curand, a avut loc un accident pe drum.

Interogativ:
Will + S + be + present participle Will you be shouting at me if I tell you the truth? Vei tipa daca iti voi spune adevarul?

Future Perfect Continuous Afirmativ :


S + will have been + present participle al verbului de conjugat Mihai isi va fi scris exercitiile, Maria va fi cantat la vioara. present participle = verbul + ing While Michael will have been writing his exercices, Maria will have been playing the violin. Cat timp

Negativ :
S + will not have been + present participle al verbului de conjugat You will not have been working here by this summer. Tu nu vei fi lucrat aici pana in aceasta vara.

Future-in-the-Past Afirmativ :
S + would + infinitivul verbului de conjugat She told me I would be in trouble Ea mi-a spus ca voi intra in bucluc.

Negativ :
S + would not + infinitivul verbului de conjugat We never thought they would not win. Noi nu ne-am gandit niciodata ca ei nu vor castiga.