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STEEL PROFILES

Materials

15

STEEL PROFILES

Materials

Free-cutting steels
Free-cutting steels are used everywhere in large-scale production
where economic machining is of particular importance.

Chemical composition of free-cutting steels (ladle analysis)


Free-cutting steels for general use
Designation

Chemical properties in %

DIN

Euronorm

Material No.

C max.

Si max.

Mn

P max.

Pb

9 SMn 28

11SMn30

1.0715

0,14

0,05

0,90-1,30

0,11

0,27-0,33

9 SMnPb 28

11SMnPb30

1.0718

0,14

0,05

0,90-1,30

0,11

0,27-0,33

0,20-0,35

9 SMn 36

11SMn37

1.0736

0,14

0,05

1,10-1,50

0,11

0,34-0,40

9 S MnPb 36

11SMnPb37

1.0737

0,14

0,05

1,10-1,50

0,11

0,34-0,40

0,20-0,35

Free-cutting steels for quenching and tempering


Designation

DIN

Chemical properties in %

Euronorm

Material No.

C max.

Si max.

Mn

P max.

Pb

35 S 20

35S20

1.0726

0,32-0,39

0,40

0,70-1,10

0,060

0,15-0,25

35 SPb 20

35SPb20

1.0756

0,32-0,39

0,40

0,70-1,10

0,060

0,15-0,25

0,15-0,35

45 S 20

46S20

1.0727

0,42-0,50

0,40

0,70-1,10

0,060

0,15-0,25

45 SPb 20

46SPb20

1.0757

0,42-0,50

0,40

0,70-1,10

0,060

0,15-0,25

0,15-0,35

Further materials on demand

Mechanical properties for different conditions of treatment


As-supplied condition

Designation

DIN

untreated U

Euronorm

Material No.

3)

cold drawn K

cold drawn
and stress relief
annealed K+S 5)

4)

Thickness

Hardness

Tensile strength

Yield strength Tensile strength

Fracture Elongation
(L0=5d 0)

Tensile strength

mm

HB max.

N/mm

N/mm min.

N/mm

% min.

N/mm max.

9 SMn 28

11SMn30

1.0715

<10

170

380-570

440

560-810

550

9 SMnPb 28

11SMnPb30

1.0718

10-16

170

380-570

410

510-760

550

9 SMn 36

11SMn37

1.0736

16-40

159

380-570

375

460-710

550

9 SMnPb 36

11SMnPb37

1.0737

40-63

159

380-570

305

410-660

550

63-100

156

360-520

245

380-630

10

550

35 S 20

35S20

1.0726

<10

197

490-660

480

640-880

680

35 SPb 20

35SPb20

1.0756

10-16

197

490-660

400

590-830

680

16-40

192

490-660

315

540-740

680

40-63

192

490-640

285

510-710

680

63-100

187

480-630

255

480-680

10

45 S 20

46S20

1.0727

<10

229

590-760

570

740-980

750

45 SPb 20

46SPb20

1.0757

10-16

229

590-760

470

690-930

750

16-40

223

590-760

375

640-830

750

40-63

223

590-740

325

610-800

750

63-100

217

580-730

305

580-770

*) See page 9

Structural steels
Because of their mechanical properties structural steels are used
as an engineering material in the construction of machinery and
motor vehicles.

The materials with a carbon content up to about 0.20 % and 0.4 1.4 % Mn are characterised by good welding properties.

Structural steels
Chemical properties
(Ladle analysis)

Target Values for Mechanical Properties in Condition K


Tensile strength Rm in N/mm2, Elongation A 5 in %
Chemical Values 1) Thickness up to <10 mm

4)

Thickness 10 up to <16 mm

Thickness 16 up to <25 mm

Thickness 25 up to <40 mm

Thickness 40 up to <80 mm

Designation

Euro-Norm

Material No. C in %

Rm

A5

Rm

A5

Rm

A5

Rm

A5

Rm

A5

St 37-2

S235JR

1.0037

max. 0,20

470-770

440-690

440-690

10

420-690

11

380-600

12

St 44-2

S275JR

1.0044

max. 0,22

580-840

530-820

510-790

490-740

10

440-670

11

St 50-2

E295

1.0050

ca. 0,30

620-920

580-830

550-800

540-790

500-740

10

St 52-3

S355J2G3

1.0570

max. 0,22

650-950

600-850

550-800

530-780

520-750

10

St 60-2

E335

1.0060

ca. 0,40

470-1040

680-990

670-920

640-890

620-850

18 MnV 5

max. 0,20

> 750

> 10

> 700

> 10

> 700

> 10

> 650

> 20

> 600

> 20

1) Chemical properties EN 10025


*) See page 9
Further materials on demand

Steels for quenching and tempering (QT steels)


Machine components are manufactured from QT steels, if they are
subject to such high tensile, compressive, bending and/or torsional
stresses - whether static, alternating or sudden - that the universal
structural steels, with their mechanical properties, are no longer
adequate.

For improved cutting properties we sell a few steels with a controlled


sulphur content of 0.020 - 0.035 %, and also with added lead.

Unalloyed QT steels
Unalloyed QT steels are preferred for low-stress components in
the construction of machinery and motor vehicles.

Chemical properties (Ladle analysis)


Chemical properties in %

DIN

Euro-Norm1)

Material No.

C max.

Si max.

Mn

C 22

C 22

1.0402

0,17-0,24

0,40

0,40-0,70

0,045

0,045

Ck 22

C 22 E

1.1151

0,17-0,24

0,40

0,40-0,70

0,035

0,035

Cm 22

C 22 R

1.1149

0,17-0,24

0,40

0,40-0,70

0,035

0,020-0,040

C 35

C 35

1.0501

0,32-0,39

0,40

0,50-0,80

0,045

0,045

Ck 35

C 35 E

1.1181

0,32-0,39

0,40

0,50-0,80

0,035

0,035

Cm 35

C 35 R

1.1180

0,32-0,39

0,40

0,50-0,80

0,035

0,020-0,040

C 45

C 45

1.0503

0,42-0,50

0,40

0,50-0,80

0,045

0,045

Ck 45

C 45 E

1.1191

0,42-0,50

0,40

0,50-0,80

0,035

0,035

Cm 45

C 45 R

1.1201

0,42-0,50

0,40

0,50-0,80

0,035

0,020-0,040

Cf 53

1.1213

0,50-0,57

0,15-0,35

0,40-0,70

0,025

0,035

C 55

C 55

1.0535

0,52-0,60

0,40

0,60-0,90

0,045

0,045

Ck 55

C 55 E

1.1203

0,52-0,60

0,40

0,60-0,90

0,035

0,035

Cm 55

C 55 R

1.1209

0,52-0,60

0,40

0,60-0,90

0,035

0,020-0,040

C 60

C 60

1.0601

0,57-0,65

0,40

0,60-0,90

0,045

0,045

Ck 60

C 60 E

1.1221

0,57-0,65

0,40

0,60-0,90

0,035

0,035

Cm 60

C 60 R

1.1223

0,57-0,65

0,40

0,60-0,90

0,035

0,020-0,040

1)

EN 10083-1 and EN 10083-2


Further materials on demand

max.

STEEL PROFILES

Materials

Mechanical properties for unalloyed QT steels


As-supplied condition
Designation

DIN

cold drawn - K

Euro-Norm

Material No.

cold drawn and soft annealed - K+G 6)


cold drawn and normalised - K+N

4)

Thickness

Tensile strength
Rm

Yield strength
Rp0,2

Fracture Elongation
(L0=5d0)

Hardness

Tensile strength
Rm

Yield strength
Rp0,2

Fracture Elongation
L0=5d 0)

mm

N/mm min.

N/mm min.

% min.

HB max.

N/mm min.

N/mm min.

% min.

C 22

C22

1.0402

<5

580

460

170

430

240

24

Ck 22

C22E

1.1151

5-10

540

410

170

430

240

24

Cm 22

C22R

1.1149

C 35

C 35

1.0501

10-16

500

350

170

430

240

24

16-25

450

320

170

410

210

25

25-40

450

270

170

410

210

25

40-100

410

230

11

190

410

210

25

100-160

n.V.

n.V.

n.V.

n.V.

n.V.

n.V.

n.V.

<5

680

570

190

550

300

18

Ck 35

C 35E

1.1181

5-10

640

480

190

550

300

18

Cm 35

C 35R

1.1180

10-16

580

400

190

550

300

18

16-25

550

370

190

520

270

19

25-40

550

310

190

520

270

19

40-100

520

280

190

520

270

19

C 45

C 45

1.0503

100-160

n.V.

n.V.

n.V.

n.V.

n.V.

n.V.

n.V.

<5

770

640

207

620

340

14

Ck 45

C 45E

1.1191

5-10

730

560

207

620

340

14

Cm 45

C 45R

1.1201

10-16

680

470

207

620

340

14

16-25

630

430

207

580

305

16

25-40

630

370

207

580

305

16

40-100

580

330

207

580

305

16

100-160

n.V.

n.V.

n.V.

n.V.

n.V.

n.V.

n.V.

<16

840

680

223

680

370

11

680

450

223

640

330

12

840

680

229

680

370

11

680

450

229

640

330

12

<5

860

700

241

710

380

10

5-10

800

630

241

710

380

10

10-16

750

520

241

710

380

10

16-25

700

470

241

670

340

11

25-40

700

410

241

670

340

11

40-100

670

380

241

670

340

11

100-160

n.V.

n.V.

n.V.

n.V.

n.V.

n.V.

n.V.

Cf 53

1.1213

16-100
C 55

C 55

1.0535

<16

Ck 55

C 55E

1.1203

16-100

Cm 55

C 55R

1.1209

C 60

C 60

1.0601

Ck 60

C 60E

1.1221

Cm 60

C 60R

1.1223

n.V. = by agreement
* See page 9
)

Alloyed QT steels
Because of their chemical composition alloyed QT steels are
characterised by their high strength, ductility and improved
performance in terms of wear. These steels are suitable for example
for the manufacture of crankshafts, steering knuckles, pinion shafts,
steering components etc.

Chemical properties (Ladle analysis)


Designation

Chemical properties in %

DIN/EN

Material No.

C max.

Si max.

Mn

P max.

Cr

Mo

Ni max.

34 Cr 4

1.7033

0,30-0,37

0,40

0,60-0,90

0,035

<0,035

0,90-1,20

V
-

34 CrS 4

1.7037

0,30-0,37

0,40

0,60-0,90

0,035

0,020-0,040

0,90-1,20

25 CrMo 4

1.7218

0,22-0,29

0,40

0,60-0,90

0,035

<0,035

0,90-1,20

0,15-0,30

25 CrMoS 4

1.7213

0,22-0,29

0,40

0,60-0,90

0,035

0,020-0,040

0,90-1,20

0,15-0,30

34 CrMo 4

1.7220

0,30-0,37

0,40

0,60-0,90

0,035

<0,035

0,90-1,20

0,15-0,30

34 CrMoS 4

1.7226

0,30-0,37

0,40

0,60-0,90

0,035

0,020-0,040

0,90-1,20

0,15-0,30

42 CrMo 4

1.7225

0,38-0,45

0,40

0,60-0,90

0,035

<0,035

0,90-1,20

0,15-0,30

42 CrMoS 4

1.7227

0,38-0,45

0,40

0,60-0,90

0,035

0,020-0,040

0,90-1,20

0,15-0,30

36 CrNiMo 4

1.6511

0,32-0,40

0,40

0,50-0,80

0,035

<0,035

0,90-1,20

0,15-0,30

0,90-1,20

34 CrNiMo 6

1.6582

0,30-0,38

0,40

0,50-0,80

0,035

<0,035

1,30-1,70

0,15-0,30

1,30-1,70

58 CrMoV 4

1.7792

0,58-0,62

0,20-0,30

0,80-0,95

0,020

<0,010

0,90-1,05

0,15-0,20

0,25

0,10-0,15

Further materials on demand

Mechanical properties for alloyed QT steels


As-supplied condition
annealed and
cold drawn G+K

Designation

cold drawn and


soft annealed K+G

7)

DIN/EN

Material No.

Thickness
mm

Strength R m
N/mm max.

Hardness
HB max.

34 Cr 4

1.7033

<16

940

285

34 CrS 4

1.7037

16-40

920

270

40-80

900

265

25 CrMo 4

1.7218

<16

880

270

25 CrMoS 4

1.7213

16-40

860

255

40-80

840

250

34 CrMo 4

1.7220

<16

940

290

34 CrMoS 4

1.7226

16-40

920

275

40-80

900

270

42 CrMo 4

1.7225

<16

980

300

42 CrMoS 4

1.7227

16-40

960

285

40-80

940

280

36 CrNiMo 4

1.6511

<16

1000

300

16-40

980

290

40-80

960

285

<16

1000

310

16-40

980

295

40-80

960

290

alle

1050

305

34 CrNiMo 6

58 CrMoV 4
*) See page 9

1.6582

1.7792

Strength Rm
N/mm max.

6)

Hardness
HB max.
223

760

223
223
212

710

212
212
223

760

223
223
241

820

241
241
248

840

248
248
248

840

248
248

865

255

STEEL PROFILES

Materials

Case-hardening steels
Case-hardening steels are machinery steels with a relatively low
carbon content and a surface layer which is carburised or carbonitrided prior to hardening. After hardening of the surface layer,
these steels have a high capacity for retaining their hardness and
are very resistant to wear, whilst the core material is characterised
mainly by a good degree of ductility.

For improved cutting properties steels with a controlled sulphur


content of 0.020 - 0.035 % and with 0.15 - 0.35 % added lead
can also be supplied.

Unalloyed case-hardening steels


Preferred uses after case-hardening are for example: for components and machine parts with a low core strength and moderate
stressing, e.g. journals, bushings, die stampings or levers.

Chemical properties (Ladle analysis)


Designation

Chemical properties in %

DIN

Euro-Norm

Material No.

Mn

Pb

C 10

1.0301

0,07-0,13

Si

0,40

0,30-0,60

0,045

_< 0,045

Ck 10

C 10 E

1.1221

0,07-0,13

0,40

0,30-0,60

0,035

_< 0,035

C 15

1.0401

0,12-0,18

0,40

0,30-0,60

0,045

_< 0,045

C 15 Pb

1.0403

0,12-0,18

0,40

0,30-0,60

0,045

_< 0,045

0,020 - 0,035

Ck 15

C 15 E

1.1141

0,12-0,18

0,40

0,30-0,60

0,035

_< 0,035

Cm 15

C 15 R

1.1140

0,12-0,18

0,40

0,30-0,60

0,035

0,020-0,035

max.

max.

max.

Further materials on demand

Mechanical properties for unalloyed case-hardening steels


As-supplied condition
Designation

DIN

cold drawn K

Euro-Norm

Material No.

cold drawn and


soft annealed K+G

4)

Thickness

Tensile strength

Yield strength

Fracture Elongation
(L0=5d 0)

Hardness

mm

N/mm min.

N/mm min.

% min.

HB max.
131

C 10

1.0301

<5

500

400

Ck 10

C 10 E

1.1121

5-10

480

365

131

C 10 Pb

1.0302

10-16

450

300

131

16-25

420

270

10

131

25-40

380

240

11

131

40-100

340

180

12

131
143

C 15

1.0401

<5

540

440

C 15 Pb

1.0403

5-10

500

385

143

Ck 15

C 15 E

1.1141

10-16

480

340

143

Cm 15

C 15 R

1.1140

16-25

450

300

143

25-40

420

250

10

143

40-100

370

200

12

143

6)

*) See page 9

Alloyed case-hardening steels


Alloyed case-hardening steels are used where there is a high degree
of wear, e.g. for toothed wheels, gearwheels, shafts, bolts, universal joints etc.

Chemical properties (Ladle analysis)


Designation

Chemical properties in %

DIN

Euro-Norm

Material No.

Si max.

Mn

P max.

Cr

Ni

Mo

16 MNCr 5

1.7131

0,14-0,19

0,40

1,00-1,30

0,035

_< 0,035

0,80-1,10

16 MnCrS 5

1.7139

0,14-0,19

0,40

1,00-1,30

0,035

0,020-0,035

0,80-1,10

20 MnCr 5

1.7147

0,17-0,22

0,40

1,10-1,40

0,035

_< 0,035

1,00-1,30

20 MnCrS 5

1.7149

0,17-0,22

0,40

1,10-1,40

0,035

0,020-0,035

1,00-1,30

15 CrNi 6

1.5919

0,14-0,19

0,40

0,40-0,60

0,035

_< 0,035

1,40-1,70

1,40-1,70

14 NiCr 14

1.5752

0,10-0,18

0,40

0,40-0,70

0,035

_< 0,035

0,60-0,90

3,00-3,50

18 CrNi 8

1.5920

0,15-0,20

0,15-0,40

0,40-0,60

0,035

_< 0,035

1,80-2,10

1,80-2,10

21 NiCrMo 2

20 NiCrMo 2-2

1.6523

0,17-0,23

0,40

0,65-0,95

0,035

_< 0,035

0,40-0,70

0,40-0,70

0,15-0,25

17 CrNiMo 6

18 CrNiMo 7-6

1.6587

0,15-0,20

0,40

0,40-0,60

0,035

_< 0,035

1,50-1,80

1,40-1,70

0,25-0,35

Further materials on demand

Mechanical properties for alloyed case-hardening steels


As-supplied condition

Designation

DIN

cold drawn K

Euro-Norm

Material No.

4)

cold drawn and


soft annealed K+G

6)

cold drawn and treated


to ferrite-pearlitecomposition K+BG 9)

treated to
ferrite-pearlite-composition
and cold drawn BG+K 10)

Thickness

Tensile strength

Hardness

Hardness

Hardness

mm

N/mm min

HB max.

HB

HB

16 MNCr 5

1.7131

<16

820

207

140-170

140-287

16 MnCrS 5

1.7139

16-40

780

207

140-187

140-287

40-80

720

207

140-187

140-287

20 MnCr 5

1.7147

<16

850

217

152-201

152-301

20 MnCrS 5

1.7149

16-40

830

217

152-201

152-301

40-80

780

217

152-201

152-301

15 CrNi 6

1.5919

<16

850

217

152-201

152-301

16-40

830

217

152-201

152-301

40-80

780

217

152-201

152-301

14 NiCr 14

1.5752

230

170-210

170-310

18 CrNi 8

1.5920

235

170-217

170-317

21 NiCrMo 2

20 NiCrMo 2-2

1.6523

<16

820

197

145-192

145-292

16-40

800

197

145-192

145-292

40-80

750

197

145-192

145-292

<16

900

229

159-207

159-307

16-40

870

229

159-207

159-307

40-80

820

229

159-207

159-307

17 CrNiMo 6

*) See page 9

18 CrNiMo 7-6

1.6587

STEEL PROFILES

Materials

Ball and roller bearing steels


Ball and roller bearing steels are steels for components of ball and
roller bearings which are subjected during operation first and
foremost to high local alternating stresses and are exposed to
abrasive wear. In the worn condition they exhibit hard spots, at
least in the surface zone.

Chemical properties (Ladle analysis) and annealing hardness of the ball and roller bearing steels
Designation

DIN/EN

Annealing
Hardness

Chemical properties in %

Material No.

Si

Mn

P max.

S max.

Cr

Mo

NI

GKZ8) HB max.

58 CrMoV 4

1.7792

0,58-0,62

0,20-0,30

0,80-0,95

0,020

0,010

0,90-1,05

0,15-0,20

0,10-0,15

0,25

230

100 Cr 6

1.3505

0,90-1,05

0,15-0,35

0,25-0,45

0,030

0,025

1,35-1,65

207

100 CrMo 7 3

1.3536

0,90-1,05

0,20-0,40

0,60-0,80

0,030

0,025

1,65-1,95

0,20-0,35

217

* ) See page 9
Further materials on demand

Tool steels
Tool steels are high-quality steels suitable for working or processing
of materials and for handling and measuring workpieces. They
exhibit a high value of hardness, high resistance to wear and high
toughness appropriate to the use for which they are intended.

Tool steels for cold working are case-hardened if the surface temperature
is no more than 200 C.
Chemical properties (Ladle analysis) and annealing hardness of tool steels for cold working
Designation

DIN/EN

Annealing
Hardness

Chemical properties in %

Material No.

X 19 NiCrMo 4 1.2764

1)

Si

Mn

P max.

S max.

Cr

Mo

NI

GKZ8) HB max.
max. 265

0,16-0,22

0,10-0,40

0,15-0,45

0,030

0,030

3,80-4,30

1,10-1,40

0,15-0,25

90 MnCrV 8

1.2842

0,85-0,95

0,10-0,40

1,90-2,10

0,030

0,030

0,20-0,50

0,05-0,15

max. 229

115 CrV 3

1.2210

1,10-1,25

0,15-0,30

0,20-0,40

0,030

0,030

0,50-0,80

0,07-0,12

max. 223

1)

Air-case hardening steel


* ) See page 9
Further materials on demand

*) Condition of treatment according to Euronorm


3) U

7) A+C

4) C

8) AC

5) K+S

9) C+FP

6) C+A

10) FP+C

Stainless steels
Stainless steels are those which are distinguished by the fact that
they are specially resistant to chemically aggressive substances;
they generally have a chromium content of not less than 12 % by
weight and a carbon content not exceeding 1.2 % by weight.

Chemical properties (Ladle analysis)


Ferritic and Martensitic Steel
Designation

Chemical properties in %

EN

DIN

Mat. No.

Si max. Mn max.

P max.

S max.

N max.

Cr

Ni

Ti

X12Cr13

X10Cr13

1.4006

0,08 - 0,15

1,00

1,50

0,040

0,015

11,5 - 13,5 -

Mo

X15Cr13

X15Cr13

1.4024

0,12 - 0,17

1,00

1,00

0,045

0,030

12,0 - 14,0 -

X20Cr13

X20Cr13

1.4021

0,16 - 0,25

1,00

1,50

0,040

0,030

12,0 - 14,0 -

X46Cr13

X46Cr13

1.4034

0,43 - 0,50

1,00

1,00

0,040

0,030

12,5 - 14,5 -

X65Cr13

X65Cr13

1.4037

0,58 - 0,70

1,00

1,00

0,040

0,015

12,5 - 14,5 -

X14CrMoS17

X12CrMoS17

1.4104

0,10 - 0,17

1,00

1,50

0,040

0,150 - 0,350

15,5 - 17,5 0,20 - 0,60

X17CrNi16-2

X20CrNi172

1.4057

0,14 - 0,22

1,00

1,50

0,040

0,015

15,0 - 17,0 -

1,5 - 2,5

X20CrMo13

1.4120

0,17 - 0,22

1,00

1,00

0,040

0,015

12,0 - 14,0 0,90 - 1,30

_< 1,0

P max.

S max.

N max.

Cr

Ni

Ti

Austenitic Steel
Designation

EN

Chemical properties in %

DIN

Mat. No.

Si max. Mn max.

Mo

X5CrNi18-10

X5CrNi1810

1.4301

_< 0,07

1,00

2,00

0,045

0,015

0,110

17,0 - 19,5 -

8,0 - 10,5

X8CrNiS18-9

X10CrNiS189

1.4305

_< 0,10

1,00

2,00

0,045

0,150 - 0,350

0,110

17,0 - 19,0 -

8,0 - 10,0

X5CrNiMo17-12-2

X5CrNiMo17122

1.4401

_< 0,07

1,00

2,00

0,045

0,030

16,5 - 18,5 2,0 - 2,5

10,5 - 13,5

X6CrNiTi18-10

X6CrNiT
i1810
X6CrNiTi1810

1.4541

_< 0,08

1,00

2,00

0,045

0,015

17,0 - 19,0 -

9,0 - 12,0

5x%C bis 0,70

i17122 1.4571
X6CrNiMoTi17-12-2 X6CrNiMoT
X6CrNiMoTi17122

_< 0,08

1,00

2,00

0,045

0,015

16,5 - 18,5 2,0 - 2,5

10,5 - 13,5

5x%C bis 0,70

Further materials on demand

Heat-resistant steels
Heat-resistant steels are materials which retain their mechanical
properties at temperatures up to 580 C.

The same applies to elevated temperature steels, though resistance


here extends to about 800 C.

Chemical properties (Ladle analysis)


heat-resistant steels
Designation

Chemical properties in %

DIN

Mat. No.

Si max.

Mn max.

P max. S max. Cr

Co

Nb

X20CrMoV12-1

1.4922

0,17 - 0,23

0,50

1,00

0,030 0,030 10,0 - 12,5 0,80 - 1,20 0,30 - 0,80 0,25 -0,35 -

Mo

Ni

Ti

X22CrMoV12-1

1.4923

0,18 - 0,24

0,10 - 0,50 0,30 - 0,80 0,035 0,035 11,0 - 12,5 0,80 - 1,20 0,30 - 0,80 0,25 -0,35 -

elevated temperature steels


Designation

Chemical properties in %

DIN

Mat. No.

Si max.

Mn max.

P max. S max. Cr

Ti

Co

Nb

X6CrNi18-11

1.4948

0,04 - 0,08

0,75

2,00

0,035 0,015 17,0 - 19,0 -

10,0 - 12,0 -

X12CrNiWT
i16 13 1.4962
X12CrNiWTi16

max. 0,15

0,50

1,00

0,045 0,03

15,0 - 17,0 -

12,5 - 14,5 -

0,40 - 0,60 2,50 - 3,00 -

X40CoCrNi20 20

0,35 - 0,45

1,00

1,50

0,045 0,03

19,0 - 21,0 3,5 - 4,5

19,0 - 21,0 -

1.4977

Further materials on demand

10

Mo

Ni

3,50 - 4,50 19,0 - 21,0 3,50 - 4,50

STEEL PROFILES

Materials

Induction hardening:
Induction hardening is used in all cases where there is a need for
hard and wear-resistant surfaces. The advantage of induction
hardening is that only the surfaces subjected to wear are partially
hardened. The non-hardened areas can still be machined at low
cost.
In consultation with our customers we carry out such surface layer
hardening processes on rods with ordered lengths up to 7 metres.

Examples of use include: linear guides, torsion bars, splined shafts,


chain guides, knives and similar items.
To meet different requirements in terms of hardness and wearresisting properties we sell unalloyed and alloyed QT steels as well
as ball and roller bearing steels and tool steels.

Guideline values for attainable surface layer hardening on induction-hardened steels


Surface Hardness - HRC

Material
from - up to

C22
40 - 46

St 52-3
40 - 48

C35
48 - 56

C45
56 - 62

Cf53
58 - 64

Material
from up to

42CrMo4
57 - 62

58CrMoV4
58 - 62

90MnCrV8
58 - 62

100Cr6
60 - 64

11 5 C r V 3
61 - 65

C67
60 - 64

Chart
Surface Hardness
HRC
Material

40

42

44

46

48

50

52

54

56

58

60

62

64

66

C22
St 52-3
C35
C45
Cf53
C67
42CrMo4
58CrMoV4
90MnCrV8
100Cr6
115CrV3

13

International norm comparison


Euro-Norm
Designation

USA
ASTM / AISI

France
AFNOR

GB
B.S.

Japan
JIS

Italy
UNI

Free-cutting steels EN 10087 (DIN 1651)


9 SMn 28
1.0715
9 SMnPb 28
1.0718

11SMn30
11SMnPb30

1213 (SAE)
12L13 (SAE)

230 M 07

SUM 22
SUM 22 L, 23L, 24L

CF 9 SMn28
CF 9 SMnPb 28

9 SMn 36
9 S MnPb 36

1.0736
1.0737

11SMn37
11SMnPb37

1215 (SAE)
12L14 (SAE)

SUM 25

CF 9 SMn 36
CF 9 SMnPb 36

35 S 20
35 SPb 20
45 S 20
45 SPb 20

1.0726
1.0756
1.0727
1.0757

35S20
35SPb20
46S20
46SPb20

1140 (SAE)

11SMn30; S 250
11SMnPb30,
S 250 Pb
S 300
11SMnPb37,
S 300 Pb
35 MF 4, 35S20
35SPb20
46S20
46SPb20

STKM 12 A;
STKM 12 C

Fe 360 B;
Fe 360 B FU

STK 41; STKM 19C;


STKR 41
SS 50
SM 50 A
SM 58

Fe 430 B

Abbreviation

Material-No.

1146 (SAE)

Structural steels EN 10025 (DIN 17100) / EN 10277 (DIN 1652)


St 37-2
1.0037
S235JR

1015 (SAE)

E 24-2

St 44-2

1.0044

S275JR

1020 (SAE)

E 28-2

37/23 HR.HS.CR.CS
CEW 3; En 40 B;
ERW 3
En 43 B

St 50-2
St 52-3
St 60-2

1.0050
1.0570
1.0060

E295
S355J2G3
E335

1024 (SAE)

A 50-2
S355J2G3
A 60-2

E295
En 50 D
E335

AF 42

055 M 15; 070 M 20;


070 M 20; 22 HS.CS

S 20 C; S 22 C

C 20; C 21; C 22

C22E; XC 25

070 M 20

S 20 C; S 20 CK;
S 22 C

C22E

C22R
080 M 36; 40 HS.CS
080 M 36

QT steels EN 10083 (DIN 17200)


Unlalloyed QT steels
C 22
1.0402

C22

1020 (SAE);
A 29 (M 1020) (ASTM);
A 29 (M 1023) (ASTM)
1023 (SAE)

Ck 22

1.1151

C22E

Cm22
C 35
Ck 35

1.1149
1.0501
1.1181

C22R
C35
C35E

Cm 35
C 45
Ck 45

1.1180
1.0503
1.1191

C35R
C45
C45E

Cm 45
Cf 53
C 55

1.1201
1.1213
1.0535

C45R
C 53
C55

1055 (SAE)

C22R
AF 55; C 35
C35E; C35RR;
XC32; XC 35;
XC 38 H 2
C35R
AF 65; C 45
C45E; C45RR;
XC 45
C45R
XC 48 TS
AF 70; C 54

CK 55

1.1203

C55E

1055 (SAE)

C55E; XC 54

070 M 55

Cm 55
C 60

1.1209
1.0601

C55R
C60

1060 (SAE)

C55R
C 60

C55R
060 A 62; 60;
60 HS.CS

Ck 60

1.1221

C60E

1064 (SAE)

C60E; C60RR;
XC 60; XC 65

060 A 62; 070 M 60

Cm 60

1.1223

C60R

C60R

C60R

Alloyed QT steels
34 Cr 4
34 CrS 4
25 CrMo 4

1.7033
1.7037
1.7218

34Cr4
34CrS4
25CrMo4

32 C 4
32 C 4 u
25 CD 4

34Cr4
34CrS4
25CrMo4

25 CrMoS 4
34 CrMo 4

1.7213
1.7220

25CrMoS4
34CrMo4

25 CD 4 u
34 CD 4

25CrMoS4
34CrMo4

34 CrMoS 4
42CrMo 4

1.7226
1.7225

34CrMoS4
42CrMo4

34 CD 3 u
40 CD 4

34CrMoS4
42CrMo4; 708 M 40;
709 M 40

42 CrMoS4
36 CrNiMo 4

1.7227
1.6511

42CrMoS4
36CrNiMo4

42 CD 4 u
36CrNiMo4;
40 NCD 3
34CrNiMo6

42CrMoS4
36CrNiMo4

1035 (SAE); 1040 (SAE)


1034 (SAE); 1035 (SAE)

1043 (SAE); 1045 (SAE)


1042 (SAE); 1045 (SAE)
1045 H (SAE)

5132 (SAE); 5132 H (SAE)


4130 (SAE); 4130 H (SAE)
4130 RH (SAE)
4130 (SAE); 4135 (SAE);
4135 H (SAE); 4137 (SAE);
4137 H (SAE)
4140 (SAE); 4140 H (SAE)
4140 RH (SAE); 4142 H (SAE)
A 372 (J1(55.65.70.110)) (ASTM)
H 41400 (UNS)

C35R
080 M 46; 50 HS.CS
080 M 46

S 35 C; S 35 CM
S 35 C; S 35 CM;
S 38 C
S 45 C; S 45 CM
S 45 C; S 45 CM;
S 48 C

C45R
070 M 55; 50

S 50 C; S 50 CM
S 55 C; S 55 C-CSP;
S 55 CM
S 55 C; S 55 C-CSP;
S 55 CM
S 58 C; S 60 C-CSP;
S 60 CM; S 65 C-CSP
S 65 CM
S 58 C; S 60 C-CSP;
S 60 CM; S 65 C-CSP;
S 65 CM

E295
Fe 510
Fe 590

C22R
C 35
C 35
C 35
C 45;
C 45
C 45
C 53
C 55
C 55
C 55
C 60
C 60
C 60

SCr 2; SCr 2 H
SCCRM 1; SCM 2;
SCM 22; SCM 420 TK;
SCM 430 M; SCM 430 TK
SCCrM3; SCM 1; SCM 3;
SCM 3 H; SCM 435 M;
SCM 435 TK
SCM 4; SCM 4 H;
SCM 440 M; SCM 440 TK;
SNB 7 Class 2

34 Cr 4 KB; 34Cr4
34CrS4
25 CrMo4;
25 CrMo 4 KB
25CrMoS4
34 CrMo 4 KB;
34CrMo4;
35 CrMo 4 F
34CrMoS4
38 CrMo 4 KB;
42 CrMo4;
G 40 CrMo 4

34 CrNiMo 6

1.6582

34CrNiMo6

34CrNiMo6

SNCM 9

58 CrMoV 4

1.7792

42CrMoS4
36CrNiMo4;
38 NiCrMo 4 KB
34CrNiMo6;
35 NiCrMo 6 KB
-

Ball and roller bearing steels DIN 17230


100 Cr 6
1.3505
100 CrMo 7 3
1.3536

100 Cr 6
100 CrMnMo 7

6440 K (AMS)
A 485 (3) (ASTM)

100 C 6; 100Cr6
100CrMo7-3

2 S.135

SUJ 2; SUJ 4

100 Cr 6

Tool steels DIN 17350


X 19 NiCrMo 4
1.2764
90 MnCrV 8
1.2842
115 CrV 3
1.2210

90 MnV 8
107 CrV 3

A 681 (0 2) (ASTM)
A 681 (L2) (ASTM)

90MnV8

B0 2

6342 H (AMS)

11

90 MnVCr 8 KU
107 CrV 3 KU

STEEL PROFILES

Materials

International norm comparison


Abbreviation

Material-No.

Euro-Norm
Designation

Case-hardening steels EN 10084 (DIN 17210)


Unalloyed Case-hardening steels
C 10
1.0301
-

USA
ASTM / AISI

France
AFNOR

GB
B.S.

Japan
JIS

Italy
UNI

1010 (SAE); a 29 (M 1010) (ASTM)

C10RR; XC 10

S 10 C

1 C 10; C 10

C10E; C10RR:
XC 10
C18RR; XC 18

040 A 10; 045 M 10;


10 HS.CS
040 A 10

S 10 C; S 9 CK

2 C 10; 2 C 15

080 A 15; 17 HS.CS

S 15 C

1 C 15; C 15; C 16

Ck 10

1.1121

C10E

1010 (SAE)

C 15

1.0401

A 29 (M 1015) (ASTM);
A 29 (M 1017) (ASTM)

C 15 Pb
Ck 15

1.0403
1.1141

C15E

1015 (SAE); 1017 (SAE)

Cm 15

1.1140

C15R

Alloyed Case-hardening steels


16 MNCr5
1.7131

16MnCr5

16 MnCrS 5
20 MnCr 5
20 MnCrS 5
15 CrNi 6

1.7139
1.7147
1.7149
1.5919

16 MnCrS5
20MnCr5
20MnCrS5
-

14 NiCr 14

1.5752

15NiCr13

18 CrNi 8
21 NiCrMo 2

1.5920
1.6523

20 NiCrMo 2-2

17 CrNiMo 6

1.6587

18CrNiMo 7-6

5115 (SAE)
5120 (SAE); 5120 H (SAE)
4320 (SAE); 4320 H (SAE);
4320 RH (SAE)
3310 (SAE); 3310 RH (SAE);
3312 (SAE); 3316 (SAE);
6263 H (AMS)
5333 D (AMS); 6272 H (AMS);
6274 L (AMS); 8617 (SAE);
8617 H (SAE); 8620 (SAE);
8620 H (SAE); 8620 RH (SAE);
8717 (SAE); A 5.2 (R100) (AWS)

C15E; C18RR;
XC 15; XC 18
C15R

16 MC 5

S 15 C; S 15 CK

527 M 17; 590 H 17;


590 M 17

16MnCrS5
20 MC 5
20MnCrS5
16 NC 6
10 NC 12; 12 NC 15
13NiCr14; 14 NC 12
15NiCr13; 16 NC 12
20 NC 6
20 NCD 2;
22 NCD 2

16 MnCr 5
SMnC 21 H

20 MnCr 5

655 H 13; 655 M 13

SNC 22; SNC 22 H

805 H 20; 805 M 20;


806 M 20

SNCM 21; SNCM 21 H;


SNCM 220 M

20 NiCrMo 2

410 C 21; 410 S 21;


410 S 21-690;
ANC 1 grade A

X10Cr13; C12 Cr13;


X12Cr13 KG:KW;
X12Cr13

420 S 29

SUS 410; SUS F 410-A;


SUS F 410-B; SUS F 410-C
SUS F 410-D; SUS410TKA
SUS410TKC
SUS 410J1

420 S 37

SUS 420J1; SUS 420J1TKA

X 20 Cr 13

18 CND 6; 18 NCD 6
18CrNiMo 7-6

Stainless steels EN 10088


X10Cr13
1.4006

X12Cr13

410 (AISI); 5351 F (AMS);


A 426 (CPCA-15) (ASTM);
A 579 (51) (ASTM)

X12Cr13

X15Cr13

1.4024

X15Cr13

420 (SAE)

X20Cr13

1.4021

X20Cr13

420 (AISI)

X46Cr13

1.4034

X46Cr13

Z 12 C 13 M ;
Z 13 C 13 CI
X20Cr13;
Z 20 C 13 CI
X46Cr13;
Z 38 C 13 M;
Z 44 C 14 CI

X65Cr13
X12CrMoS17
X20CrNi172

1.4037
1.4104
1.4057

X14CrMoS17
X17CrNi16-2

X20CrMo13

1.4120

Austenitic steels
X5CrNi1810

1.4301

X10CrNiS189
X5CrNiMo17122

X46Cr13

X46Cr13

430 F (AISI)
431 (AISI);
A 579 (53) (ASTM)

X14CrMoS17
X17CrNi16-2;
Z 15 CN 16.02 CI

X14CrMoS17
431 S 29; 6 S.80

SUS 430F
SUS 431

X14CrMoS17
X17CrNi16-2

X5CrNi18-10

304 (AISI); 304 (SAE)

X5CrNi18-10;
Z 4 CN 19-10 FF;
Z 6 CN 18-09

302 S 17; 304 S 15;


304 S 16; 304 S 17;
304 S 31;

SUS 304; SUS F 304;


SUS304TKA; SUS304TKC
SUS304TP

1.4305
1.4401

X8CrNiS18-9
X5CrNiMo17-12-2

303 (AISI)
316 (AISI)

X8CrNiS18-9
X5CrNiMo17-12-2;
Z 6 CND 17-11;
Z 6 CND 17-11-02 FF;
Z 7 CND 17-11-02

303 S 22; 303 S 31;


316 S 17; 316 S 19;
316 S 31; 316 S 33

SUS 303
SUS 316; SUS F 316;
SUS Y 316; SUS316TKA;
SUS316TKC; SUS316TP;

X 5 CrNi 18 10;
X 5 CrNi 18 10 KG:KW
X 5 CrNi 18 10 KT;
X 5 CRNi 18-10
X 8 CrNiS18-9
X 5 CrNiMo 1712;
X 5 CrNiMo 1712 KG:KW;
X 5 CrNiMo 17-12-2

X6CrNiTi1810

1.4541

X6CrNiTi18-10

X6CrNiTi18-10;
Z 6 CNT 18-10;

SUS 321; SUS F 321;


SUS321TKA; SUS321TP

X 6 CrNiTi 18 11;
X 6 CrNiTi 18 11 KG:KW;
X 6 CrNiTi 18 11 KT;
X 6 CrNiTi 18-10

X6CrNiMoTi17122

1.4571

X6CrNiMoTi17-12-2

316 Ti (AISI)

321 S 12; 321 S 31;


321 S 50 ; 321 S 51;
321 S 51 (1010);
321 S 51 (1105);
321 S 51-490;
321 S 51-510
320 S 18; 320 S 31;

SUS 316Ti

X 6 CrNiMoTi 17 12;
X 6 CrNiMoTi 1712 KG:KW
X 6 CrNiMoTi 17-12-2

X20CrMoV11-1
X6CrNi18-10
-

304 H (AISI); S 30480 (UNS)

321 (AISI)

Heat-resistant steels
X20CrMoV12-1
1.4922
X22CrMoV12-1
1.4923
X6CrNi18-11
1.4948
X12CrNiWTi1613
1.4962
X40CoCrNi20 20
1.4977

X6CrNiMoTi17-12-2;
Z 6 CNDT 17-12

762

X 20 CrMoNi 12 01 KG:KW

Z 21 CDV 12
304 S 50; 304 S 51

R 30590 (UNS)

Further materials on demand

12

ZOLLERN Isoprofil GmbH+Co. KG


Plant Mannheim
P.O. Box 240359
D-68173 Mannheim
phone (0621) 8459-0
fax
(0621) 8459-263
e-mail zstm@zollern.de

14

Z 474 11.00

ZOLLERN Vertriebs-GmbH+Co.
Plant Laucherthal
P.O. Box 220
D-72481 Sigmaringen
phone (075 71) 70-0
fax
(075 71) 70-250
e-mail zst@zollern.de