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II

PROIECT DRAFT SURVEY

n cazul ncrcrii motonavei Despina s se determine cantitatea de cereale vrac


Q i constanta navei K, cunoscnd urmtoarele elemente rezultate n urma msurtorii
iniiale i finale.
= 1.030 TM/mc
LBP = 128.00 m
B = 19.00 m
D0 = 3874,73 TM
Lf = 4.5 m
DwB = 11699.27 TM
La = 5.0 m
Tabelul 1

Tpv
T
Tpp

MSURTORI INIIALE
Td
Bd
2.5 m
2.47 m
4.05 m
1203
5.5 m
5.45 m
FW = 38.3 TM
BW = 1760.5 TM
F0 = 280 TM
D0 = 83.2 TM
L0 = 11 TM
Blgs = 2 TM

Tpv
T
Tpp

MSURTORI FINALE
Td
Bd
7.5 m
7.46 m
7.08 m
2110
6.63 m
6.53 m
FW = 30.82 TM
BW = 68.8 TM
F0 = 280 TM
D0 = 80.33 TM
L0 = 10.8 TM
Blgs = 2 TM

Datele necesare se deduc din anexele date. Dup calculul pescajelor de media
mediilor ( corectat cu x i y pentru densitatea dat ) la acest pescaj se va aduga variabila
n = 15 cm.

M/V DESPINA
HYDROSTATIC DATA
DRAFT
BELOW KEEL IN METRES
DISPL
TOTAL DISPLACEMENT IN TONNES
TPC
TONNES PER CM IMMERSION
MCT
MOMENT TO CHANGE TRIM 1 CM TONNES-METRES
LCB
LONG CENTRE OF BUOYANCY FROM AMIDS. IN METRES
LCF
LONG CENTRE OF FLOTATION FROM AMIDS. IN METRES
KMT
TRANSV. METACENTRE ABOVE B.L. IN METRES
DRAFT
(m)
2.000
2.100
2.200
2.300
2.400
2.500
2.600
2.700
2.800
2.900

DISPL
( TON )
3030
3207
3380
3547
3710
3885
4060
4235
4410
4585

TPC
(T)
16.800
16.903
17.000
17.095
17.180
17.240
17.300
17.390
17.480
17.545

MCT
(TM)
98.000
99.600
101.000
102.162
103.200
104.219
105.200
106.162
107.100
108.100

LCB
(M)
- 0.780
- 0.740
- 0.700
- 0.660
- 0.620
- 0.590
- 0.560
- 0.530
- 0.500
- 0.475

LCF
(M)
- 0.080
- 0.035
0.010
0.055
0.100
0.130
0.160
0.180
0.200
0.220

KMT
(M)
14.150
13.625
13.150
12.734
12.350
11.959
11.600
11.309
11.050
10.791

3.000
3.100
3.200
3.300
3.400
3.500
3.600
3.700
3.800
3.900

4760
4940
5120
5300
5480
5660
5840
6020
6200
6380

17.600
17.653
17.700
17.775
17.850
17.925
18.000
18.055
18.110
18.165

109.100
110.100
111.100
112.250
113.300
114.206
115.100
116.125
117.200
118.287

- 0.450
- 0.425
- 0.400
- 0.380
- 0.360
- 0.340
- 0.320
- 0.311
- 0.300
- 0.285

0.240
0.252
0.260
0.262
0.260
0.252
0.240
0.222
0.200
0.172

10.550
10.341
10.150
9.969
9.800
9.652
9.500
9.299
9.120
9.046

0.630

4.000
4.100
4.200
4.300
4.400
4.500
4.600
4.700
4.800
4.900

6560
6745
6930
7115
7300
7485
7670
7855
8040
8224

18.220
18.305
18.380
18.445
18.500
18.550
18.600
18.650
18.700
18.750

119.400
120.300
121.200
122.100
123.000
123.800
124.600
125.400
126.200
127.000

- 0.270
- 0.259
- 0.250
- 0.242
- 0.235
- 0.232
- 0.230
- 0.229
- 0.230
- 0.232

0.140
0.105
0.065
0.020
- 0.030
- 0.085
- 0.145
- 0.207
- 0.275
- 0.351

8.995
8.900
8.800
8.712
8.630
8.554
8.485
8.422
8.365
8.310

0.665

CB
0.600

DRAFT
(m)
5.000
5.100
5.200
5.300
5.400
5.500
5.600
5.700
5.800
5.900

DISPL
( TON )
8410
8599
8790
8980
9170
9359
9550
9744
9940
10135

TPC
(T)
18.800
18.875
18.950
19.000
19.050
19.100
19.150
19.216
19.280
19.340

MCT
(TM)
127.800
128.600
129.400
130.225
131.100
132.025
133.000
134.000
135.000
136.000

LCB
(M)
- 0.235
- 0.242
- 0.250
- 0.259
- 0.270
- 0.282
- 0.295
- 0.309
- 0.325
- 0.342

LCF
(M)
- 0.430
- 0.508
- 0.590
- 0.680
- 0.775
- 0.873
- 0.975
- 1.081
- 1.190
- 1.299

KMT
(M)
8.260
8.215
8.175
8.138
8.105
8.076
8.050
8.024
8.000
7.979

6.000
6.100
6.200
6.300
6.400
6.500
6.600
6.700
6.800
6.900

10330
10525
10720
10914
11110
11309
11510
11710
11910
12109

19.400
19.462
19.530
19.617
19.700
19.748
19.800
19.900
20.000
20.050

137.000
138.100
139.300
140.613
142.000
143.425
144.900
146.425
148.000
149.625

- 0.360
- 0.382
- 0.405
- 0.429
- 0.455
- 0.482
- 0.510
- 0.540
- 0.570
- 0.600

- 1.410
- 1.524
- 1.640
- 1.759
- 1.880
- 2.005
- 2.130
- 2.255
- 2.380
- 2.510

7.960
7.944
7.930
7.916
7.905
7.900
7.900
7.900
7.900
7.900

0.685

7.000
7.100
7.200
7.300
7.400
7.500
7.600
7.700
7.800
7.900

12310
12514
12720
12925
13130
13335
13540
13747
13955
14164

20.100
20.199
20.300
20.370
20.420
20.510
20.600
20.690
20.780
20.845

151.300
153.031
154.800
156.588
158.400
160.231
162.100
164.025
166.000
168.000

- 0.630
- 0.665
- 0.700
- 0.735
- 0.770
- 0.810
- 0.850
- 0.890
- 0.930
- 0.970

- 2.640
- 2.770
- 2.900
- 3.029
- 3.155
- 3.279
- 3.400
- 3.517
- 3.630
- 3.742

7.900
7.908
7.915
7.925
7.935
7.945
7.955
7.969
7.985
8.002

0.700

8.000
8.100
8.200
8.300
8.400
8.500
8.600
8.700
8.800
8.900

14375
14587
14800
15015
15230
15445
15660
15875
16090
16305

20.920
21.006
21.100
21.204
21.300
21.361
21.420
21.506
21.600
21.694

170.000
172.000
174.000
176.050
178.100
180.150
182.200
184.125
186.000
187.825

- 1.010
- 1.050
- 1.090
- 1.130
- 1.170
- 1.212
- 1.255
- 1.300
- 1.345
- 1.390

- 3.850
- 3.950
- 4.045
- 4.139
- 4.230
- 4.317
- 4.400
- 4.477
- 4.550
- 4.618

8.020
8.040
8.060
8.080
8.100
8.125
8.150
8.175
8.200
8.225

0.720

8.250

0.735

9.000

16520

21.790

189.600

-1.435

-4.680

CB
0.670

1. EFECTUAREA MSURTORILOR
Msurtorile iniiale i finale sunt date n Tabelul 1 .
1.1.Calcule preliminarii:
-masuratori initiale:
26'10''=26*12*2.54+10*2.54=817.88cm=8.179m
27'06''=27*12*2.54+6*2.54=838.2cm=8.382m
28'00''=28*12*2.54=853.44cm=8.534m
-masuratori finale:
7'02''=7*12*2.54+2*2.54=218.44cm=2.184m
13'06=13*12*2.54+6*2.54=411.48cm=4.115m
18'04'=18*12*2.54+4*2.54=558.8cm=5.588m
2. EFECTUAREA CORECIILOR
2.1. Corectarea pescajelor
2.1.1. Corectarea pescajelor pentru nclinri transversale
-pentru msurtorile iniiale:
Tpvcor= 1/2(TpvBd + TpvTd) = 1/2(8.179m + 8.230m) = 8.205 m
Tcor = 1/2(TBd + TTd) = 1/2(8.382m + 8.585m) = 8.484 m
Tppcor = 1/2(TppBd + TppTd) = 1/2(8.534m + 8.690m) = 8.612 m
-pentru msurtorile finale:
Tpvcor = 1/2(TpvBd + TpvTd) = 1/2(2.184m + 2.130m) = 2.157 m
Tcor = 1/2(TBd + TTd) = 1/2(3.960m + 4.115m) = 4.037 m
Tppcor = 1/2(TppBd + TppTd) = 1/2(5.588m + 5.490m) = 5.539 m
2.1.2. Corectarea pentru deformarea corpului navei se face cu relatiile:

T'M/M = (TPY = 6T + Tppcor ) / 8


pentru msurtori initiale:
T'MM = (8.204m + 6 x 8.484m + 8.612m)/8 =8.465m
pentru msurtori finale:
TMM = (2.157m + 6 x 4.037m + 5.539m) / 8 = 3.99m
2.1.3. Corectarea pentru diferente de densitate se face cu relatiile:
T = D' (2 - 1) / q2 , unde 2 = 1,025 TM/mc.
TM/M - T unde T se ia cu semnul su:
pentru msurtorile initiale :
" + " pentru 2<1
" - " pentru 1<2

T'M/M = 8,465m D' = 15369,75 Tm


Q = 21,34 TM/cm
T = 15369,75 (1,025-1,010) / 21,34 x 1,025 = 10,54cm = 0,105m
T are semnul " - " deoarece 1 <2
TM/M = 8,465m - 0,105m = 8,360m
Pentru msurtori finale:
T'M/M = 3,99m D' = 6542 TM
Q = 18,215 TM/cm
T = 6542 (1,025 - 1,012) / 18,215 x 1,025 = 4,555cm = 4,046 m .
T are semnul " - " deoarece 1<2
TM/M = 3,99m - 0,046 m = 3,944m
2.2. Corectarea deplasamentului :
2.2.1. Corectarea pentru diferen\e de densitate se face cu rela\iile:
( a)
D = D' (2-1) / 2 ; D2 =D'- D
( a)
D2 =D' x fc unde fc = 1 / 2
scala de incrcare
Apoi : TM/M
Calculul deplasamentului mediu

D1 :

Dm = 1/2 ( D1+ D2 )
Pentru msurtori initiale:
D = 15369,75 ( 1,025 - 1,012) / 1,025 = 224,923 TM
D2 = 15369,75 TM - 224,923TM = 15144,827TM
TM/M = 8,360m D1 = 15144TM
Astfel : Dm = 1/2 ( 15144TM +15144,827TM ) = 15144,375TM
Pentru msurtori finale:
D = 6542 ( 1,025 - 1,012 ) / 1,025 = 82,972 TM
D2 = 6542TM - 82,972 TM = 6459,028TM
TM/M = 3,944m D1 = 6459,2 TM
Astfel :
Dm = 1/2 (6459,029TM + 6459,2TM ) = 6459,114TM
2.2.2. Corectarea pentru asiet se face cu ajutorul formulelor:
D = TPC x LCF x t x 100 / LBP + t2 x 50 x DMCT / LBP
unde : cor I = TPC x LCF x t x 100 / LBP
si
cor II = t2 x 50 x DMCT / LBP
si
Df = Dm + D.
sau

D = TPC x LCF x t / LBP x 100 + 50 x (t2 / LBP) x (dMCT/dz)


unde
dMCT/dz = 7,2 (TPC22 - TPC12) / B
unde : LBP - lungime intre perpendiculare
B - ltimea navei.
Corectarea lui Dm : DF = Dm+D
Pentru msurtori initiale :
T = TPpcor - TPvcor = 8,612m - 8,204m = 0,408m (AFT)
LBP = 128m
TM/M = 8,360m TPC = 21,239
LCF = 4,172 (AFT)
cor I = 21,239 x 4,172(AFT) x 0,408 (AFT) x 100 / 128 = 28,244TM
8,860m MCT2 = 187,095
8,860m MCT1 = 167,200
-----------------------------------DMCT = MCT2 - MCT1 = 19,895
cor II = 50 x 0,408(AFT) x 0,408(AFT) x 19,895/128 = +1,294 TM
D = cor I + cor II = 28,244TM + 1,294Tm = 29,538TM
DF = 15144,375TM + 29,538TM =
DF = 15173,913Tm (A)
Pentru msurtori finale:
T = TPpcor - TPvcor = 5,539m - 2,157m = 3,382 (AFT)
LBP = 128m
TM/M = 3,944 TPC = 18,1892
LCF = 0,15792 (FORE)
cor I = 18,1892 x 0,15792(FORE) x 3,382(AFT) x 100 /128 = - 7,5895TM
4,444m MCT2 = 123,352
3,444m MCT1 = 113,699
----------------------------------DMCT = MCT2 - MCT1 = 9,653
cor II = 50 x 3.382(AFT) x 3,382(AFT) x 9,653 / 128 = +43,129TM
D = corI + cor II = - 7,5895TM + 43,129TM = 35,54TM
astfel:
DF = 6459,114TM + 35,54TM
DF = 6494,654TM (B)

3.Efectuarea calculelor:
- pentru msurtori finale:
K = (B - b) - Do
unde: b =greutti lichide + BWf
BWf - balast final

Dar : Do = 3875 TM
K = 168,500TM
B = 6494,654TM
Greutti lichide = 400,00TM
Deci: DWf = b - Gr. lichide
(B - b) = K+Do
b =B - (K+Do)
BWf = 6494,654TM - (168,500TM = 3875TM) - 400,000TM
BWf = 2051,154 TM
Balastul final, dup descrcare va fi:
BWf = 2051,154 TM
- pentru msurtori initiale:
Q = (A-a) - (B-b)
Unde : a = Gr. lichide +Bwi
Dar : A = 15173,913TM ; Gr.lichide = 414,000TM
B = 6494,654TM
b = 2451,154TM
Q = 10252,000TM
Astfel: Bwi = Q - Gr.lichide = A - Q - (B-b) - Gr.lichide
Bwi = 15173,913 TM - 10525,000TM - (6494,654TM -2451,154TM) - 414,000TM = 191,413TM
Balastul initial este :
Bwi = 191,413 TM