Sunteți pe pagina 1din 7

Raionul

MINISTERUL EDUCAIEI
AL REPUBLICII MOLDOVA
AGENIA DE ASIGURARE
A CALITII

Localitatea
Instituia de nvmnt

Numele, prenumele elevului

ISTORIA ROMNILOR I UNIVERSAL


PRETESTARE
CICLUL LICEAL
Profil arte
2 aprilie 2015
Timp alocat: 180 de minute

Rechizite i materiale permise: pix cu cerneal albastr, creion, rigl..


Instruciuni pentru candidat:
- Citete cu atenie fiecare item i efectueaz operaiile solicitate.
- Lucreaz independent.

i dorim mult succes!

Scor total acumulat _________

Istoria romnilor i universal,


profil arte
Citii cu atenie sursele istorice propuse. n baza coninuturilor expuse, a
cunotinelor, capacitilor i abilitilor formate pe parcursul anilor de studii,
rspundei la urmtoarele ntrebri:
Sursa A: Mehmed al II-lea a fost mai nti un rzboinic, care a mrit considerabil i a ntrit armata
terestr, pe care a dotat-o cu o artilerie eficient: la moartea sa, el lsa n urm o putere, care fcea Europa
s tremure. ns el n-a neglijat organizarea imperiului prima sa grij a fost s i asigure autoritatea
personal. n ceea ce privete organizarea imperiului, Mehmed al II-lea a dorit s fac din Istanbul o
capital puternic a construirii, dar i prin deplasarea populaiilor, ceea ce a dus la mpotriviri Voina de
a consolida imperiul i influena capitalei l-au determinat pe Mehmed al II-lea s organizeze confesiunile
nemusulmane ntr-un mod centralizat, dominat de o patriarhie aflat la Istanbul chiar de la cucerirea
Constantinopolului Ocupaia cea mai important rmne rzboiul O alt msur economic cu
consecine politice importante, reforma financiar
La moartea sa, n 1481, Mehmed al II-lea lsa, deci un imperiu mai mare i mai puternic dect oricnd, lsa
ns o armat obosit, un popor epuizat i nemulumit, o elit iritat i frmiat.
(Robert Mantran, Istoria Imperiului otoman)
Sursa B : Regele face tot ce poate pentru a arta c nu e dominat n nici un fel de minitri [...]. Regele,
avnd o memorie extraordinar i dorind ca orice lucru, de orice natur, s-i fie raportat, minitrii vin
ntotdeauna la Consiliu tremurnd [...]. n public, regele e plin de gravitate i cu totul diferit de cel care este
n particular, pe scurt, tie bine s fac pe regele n toate. Printre altele, el a distrus efii i partidele, a abolit
folosirea oricror recomandri [...] el nu are intermediari; dac se vrea ceva, trebuie s i se adreseze direct
lui i nu altora. El ascult pe toat lumea, primete memorii i rspunde mereu cu graie i maiestate: Voi
vedea!, i fiecare se retrage satisfcut. Tot timpul face ceva, trece trupele n revist, face soldaii s
defileze, ridic fortificaii, rscolete pmntul; el ncurajeaz navigaia i, prin aciunile sale, ine n
continu alert pe prieteni i pe dumani i toat Europa."
(Primi Visconti, Memorii de la curtea lui Ludovic al XIV-lea)
Nr.
Item
Scor
I.Timpul, spaiul i personalitatea n baza analizei i valorificrii surselor istorice (47 puncte):
1.

Scrie evenimentele/procesele istorice la care se refer sursele A i B:


Sursa A.
__________________________________________________________________________

L
0
1
2

L
0
1
2

L
0
1
2

L
0
1
2

__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
Sursa B.
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
2.

Menioneaz i datateaz 3 evenimente istorice cu referire la coninutul sursei A


1)____________________________________________________________-___________

2)____________________________________________________________-___________

3.

4.

3
4
3)____________________________________________________________-___________
5
6
Construiete un segment de ax cronologic, plasnd pe el dou evenimente cu referire la
L
coninutul sursei B
0
1
A)___________________-_____________________________________________________ 2
3
B)___________________-_____________________________________________________
4
5
6
7
Scara:
8
9
Indic pe harta de contur teritoriul aproximativ al Franei la sfritul sec. al XVII-lea .
L
Not: La indicarea teritoriului se va lua n considerare: conturarea hotarelor, haurarea 0
teritoriului, aplicarea inscripiilor - denumirea statului i a capitalei, completarea legendei 1
2
(orice inscripie se explic n legend)
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11

Legend:

3
4
5
6
L
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
L
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11

5.

Formuleaz dou enunuri istorice despre situaia popoarelor din regiunile ocupate de ctre L
0
Mehmed al II-lea , utiliznd noiunile subliniate n sursa A
1)_________________________________________________________________________ 1
2
__________________________________________________________________________
3
__________________________________________________________________________ 4

L
0
1
2
3
4

2)_________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
6.

Descrie, n baza sursei B, caracteristicile i manifestarea unui monarh absolut n urmtoarele


domenii:
Domeniul
____________________________________________________________
politicii
____________________________________________________________
interne
____________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________
Domeniul
economic

____________________________________________________________

L
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9

L
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9

L
0
1
2
3
4
5
6

L
0
1
2
3
4
5
6

____________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________

Domeniul
politicii
externe

____________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________

7.

Demonstreaz, n baza a trei argumente, rolul lui Ludovic al XIV-lea n istorie:


1)_________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
2)_________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
3)_________________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________

II. Analiza i interpretarea cauzalitii i schimbrii n istorie (14 puncte)


8.

L
Demonstreaz relaia de cauz-efect dintre Noul curs a lui F.D Roosevelt i
0
depirea crizei economice de ctre SUA.
1
2
Not: La elaborarea relaiei de cauzalitate se va tine cont de: stabilirea relaiei cauz- 3
efect; argumentarea relaiei de cauz-efect, utiliznd noiuni istorice, date cronologice i 4
personaliti istorice adecvate contextului; expunerea logic i formularea concluziei.
5
_________________________________________________________________________ 6
_________________________________________________________________________ 7
8
_________________________________________________________________________ 9
_________________________________________________________________________ 10
11
_________________________________________________________________________ 12
_________________________________________________________________________ 13
14
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________

L
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14

_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
III. Eseu (20 puncte)
9.
Elaboreaz un eseu, ncadrat n cel puin 1 pagin, la subiectul propus:
Evoluia regimurilor totalitare n perioada interbelic: studiu comparativ.
Not: La elaborarea eseului se va ine cont de: utilizarea limbajului istoric;
abordarea subiectului n relevan tematic i expunere logic; evidenierea relaiilor
de cauzalitate; plasarea corect n timp i spaiu a evenimentelor i personalitilor
istorice; reflectarea subiectului abordat prin prisma de la naional la universal;
argumentarea tiinific a punctului de vedere propriu i formularea concluziei;
respectarea volumului indicat.
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________

10

10

11

11

12

12

13

13

14

14

15

15

16

16

17

17

18

18

19

19

20

20

_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________

To

_________________________________________________________________________

tal:

_________________________________________________________________________

81

_________________________________________________________________________

p.

_________________________________________________________________________