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SORINA POSTOLEA

UNIT 2

ENGLISH FOR SOCIAL SCIENCES


SCIENCES

UNIT 2
Privii fotografiile i citii frazele de mai jos:

Page | 1

a tree
This is a tree.

a cat
This is a cat.

a house
This is a house.

an airplane
This is an airplane.

an elephant
This is an elephant.

an orange
This is an orange.

Ce deosebiri
remarcai
ntre cele dou
rnduri? Cum explicai diferenele?
SUBSTANTIVE
GENUL
(NOUNS
GENDER)






n limba englez, exist patru tipuri de substantive:



substantive comune : dog, man, table

substantive proprii : France, Madrid, Tom
substantive abstracte : beauty, charity, fear, joy


substantive colective: crowd, group, swarm
Spre deosebire de romn, substantivele englezeti nu au gen gramatical. Cteva cazuri
speciale se refer la gen:
Forme diferite
pentru masculin i
feminin

Aceeai form
pentru ambele
genuri

Masculin
Feminin
boy (biat)
girl (fat)
gentleman (domn)
lady (doamn)
son (fiu)
daughter (fiic)
father (tat)
mother (mam)
king (rege)
queen (regin)
earl (conte)
countess (contes)
waiter (chelner)
waitress (chelneri)
actor (actor)
actress (actri)
stallion (armsar)
mare (iap)
cock (coco)
hen (cloc)
baby (bebelu)
infant (sugar)
relative (rud)
child (copil)

Specie

horse (cal)
chicken (gin)

2009 Protejat de drepturi de autor. Sunt interzise copierea, reproducerea sau publicarea fr permisiunea scris a
autorului. Toate drepturile rezervate.

SORINA POSTOLEA

ENGLISH FOR SOCIAL SCIENCES


SCIENCES

Masculin

Genul marcat prin

Page | 2 woman/-man/person

Feminin
artist (artist)
cook (buctar)
driver (ofer)
doctor (doctor)
businessman
businesswoman
salesman
saleswoman
policeman
policewoman

UNIT 2
Specie

businessperson
salesperson

EXERCIII:
1. Gsii, n coloana din dreapta, formele feminine ale substantivelor din stnga:
bridegroom
aunt
stag
niece
host
vixen
earl
saleswoman
man
actress
wolf
hostess
salesman
woman
uncle
wife
fox
bride
husband
dow
heir
child
actor
heiress
nephew
countess
child
she-wolf

ARTICOLUL NEHOTRT (UNDEFINITE ARTICLE)


n limba englez, articolul nehotrt are doar forme de singular a/an, forme care sunt
folosite fr a face vreo distincie de gen. Nu exist forme de plural, n unele situaii putnd fi
folosit determinantul some (nite): Some children play in the park.
Forma a se folosete naintea cuvintelor ce ncep cu o consoan sau naintea sunetelor [j], [w].
a book
a car
a man
a team
a
a European
a university
a woman
a year
Forma an se folosete naintea cuvintelor care ncep cu o vocal sau naintea celor care ncep
cu un h mut:
an apple
an egg
an island
an orange
an
an American
an hour
an interest
an oaktree
n cazul n care substantivul este precedat de un alt determinant, articolul nehotrt va fi
folosit n funcie de sunetul cu care ncepe acesta:
a new adventure
an extraordinary event
a
an
a four-room appartment
an even-balanced match
Articolul nehotrt se pronun odat cu substantivul pe care l nsoete, fr a fi accentuat i
fr a face vreo pauz: a boy, a question, an American.

2009 Protejat de drepturi de autor. Sunt interzise copierea, reproducerea sau publicarea fr permisiunea scris a
autorului. Toate drepturile rezervate.

SORINA POSTOLEA

UNIT 2

ENGLISH FOR SOCIAL SCIENCES


SCIENCES

2. Alegei articolul nehotrt (a/an) potrivit i apoi traducei:


anniversary
captain
dream
lion
match
aggressor
entry
birthday
hour
woman
oyster
spring
symbol
issue
university
elbow
Page | 3 3. Ce sunt lucrurile de mai jos? Completai frazele dup model:
vegetable
mountain
ocean
animal
fruit
river
insect
planet

pear
problem
teacher
underground
singer
actress

1. The Nile is a river.


6. Everest is ________________ .
2. A tomato is _________________ .
7. An ant is _________________ .
3. A leopard is _________________ .
8. Shakira is _________________ .
4. An apple is __________________ .
9. Angelina Jolie is _____________ .
5. The Atlantic is _______________ .
10. Saturn is _________________ .
4. Folosind dicionarul, traducei urmtoarele sintagme:
o carte, o fereastr, un copil, un bebelu, o iniiativ, o sear, un student, o student,
un prosop, un copac, o albin, o furnic, un lup, o cas, un elefant.

Social work
Social service, also called welfare service or social
work includes any of numerous publicly or privately
provided services intended to aid disadvantaged,
distressed, or vulnerable persons or groups. The
term social service also denotes the profession
engaged in rendering these services. The social
services have flourished in the 20th century as ideas
of social responsibility have developed and spread.
The basic concerns of social welfarepoverty, disability and disease, the dependent young
and elderlyare as old as society itself. The laws of survival once severely limited the means
by which these concerns could be addressed; to share anothers burden meant to weaken
ones own standing in the struggle of daily existence.
After www.britannica.com

VOCABULAR
1. Recitii textul i subliniai cuvintele i expresiile care se
refer la grupurile int ale asistenei sociale.
2. Gsii n text cuvintele i expresiile englezeti care sunt
echivalentele expresiilor: responsabilitate social, srcie,
tineri i btrni dependeni, legea supravieuirii, povar.
3. Completai literele lips: 1) S___ s___ have flourished in
the 20th century. 2) The basic concerns of social welfare are
di___, po___ and di___. 3) The ideas of s___ r___ have
spread in the 20th century. 4) Social welfare is intented to aid
v___ di___ and di___ persons or groups.

called numite
publicly/privately
provided furnizate n
regim public/privat
distressed n dificultate
disadvantaged dezavantajate
engaged in rendering
angajate n furnizarea
have flourished au
nflorit
have developed s-au
dezvoltat
disability - dizabiliti

2009 Protejat de drepturi de autor. Sunt interzise copierea, reproducerea sau publicarea fr permisiunea scris a
autorului. Toate drepturile rezervate.

SORINA POSTOLEA

ENGLISH FOR SOCIAL SCIENCES


SCIENCES

UNIT 2

Familie de cuvinte: society (societate), sociologist (sociolog), sociology


(sociologie), sociable (sociabil), unsociable (nesociabil), social (social),
unsocial (nesocial), to socialise (a socializa), socially (n mod social)

Page | 4

ZI DE ZI
LET ME INTRODUCE MYSELF !
What is your name?
Richard: Hi! My name is Richard and I come from
(Cum v numii? Cum te
Colorado. I study political science here.
numeti?)
Mary: Nice to meet you, Richard! My name is Mary and Im
My name is (M
from England. I study here too.
numesc)
Could you help me,
Hello, everybody, let me introduce myself. My name is Greg,
please?
Im originally from Glasgow. I graduated from high school
(M putei ajuta, v
two years ago and I am currently attending a University in
rog?)
London. I am majoring in Political Science with a minor in
Could you tell me?
International Relations. I also work part-time as a cashier so
(Mi-ai putea spune?)
my life is quite busy.
EXERCIIU:
1. Prezentai-v n faa colegilor folosind formularul de mai jos!
Good morning/afternoon/evening! My name is ________. I live in ________ and
Im ___ years old. I work as a ________ /I dont have a job and I study _________
at the university. I am married / I am not married and I have a child/ ___ children / I
dont have children.

PUIN CULTUR
Queen Elizabeth II is the UK head of state. The three major
political parties are the Labour Party, the Conservative Party, and
the Liberal Democrats, who won 616 out of the 646 seats
available in the House of Commons at the 2005 general election.
The flag of the United Kingdom is the Union Flag. It was created
by the superimposition of the Flag of England, the Flag of
Scotland and Saint Patrick's Flag in 1801.
The national anthem of the United Kingdom is "God Save the
King", with "King" replaced with "Queen" in the lyrics whenever
The Union Jack
the monarch is a woman.
head of state eful statului
flag steag
political parties partide politice
was created a fost creat
who won care au ctigat
by the superimposition prin suprapunerea
seats available locuri disponibile
anthem - imn

1. Testai-v cunotinele despre personalitile din Marea Britanie! Completai frazele


dup model (was = a fost):
prime-minister writer
band
king
biologist
philosopher
singer
queen
painter
actress

2009 Protejat de drepturi de autor. Sunt interzise copierea, reproducerea sau publicarea fr permisiunea scris a
autorului. Toate drepturile rezervate.

SORINA POSTOLEA

ENGLISH FOR SOCIAL SCIENCES


SCIENCES

1. Henry VIII was a king.


2. William Hogarth was ___________ .
3. William Shakespeare was ________ .
4. Vivien Leigh was ______________ .
5. Pink Floyd was _______________ .

UNIT 2

6. Charles Darwin was ____________ .


7. Victoria was _________________ .
8. Bertrand Russell was ___________ .
9. Winston Churchill was __________ .
10. Freddie Mercury was ___________ .

Page | 5

2009 Protejat de drepturi de autor. Sunt interzise copierea, reproducerea sau publicarea fr permisiunea scris a
autorului. Toate drepturile rezervate.