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ROMNIA

INSTITUTUL NAIONAL DE STATISTIC


NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF STATISTICS

ANUARUL
STATISTIC
AL ROMNIEI
2016
ROMANIAN
STATISTICAL YEARBOOK
INSTITUTUL NAIONAL DE STATISTIC
NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF STATISTICS

Coordonator al ediiei:
Coordinator of edition:
Tudorel ANDREI - Preedinte INS / President NIS

Colectivul de coordonare a lucrrii:


Coordinating team:
Mihaela Elena IAGR, Betrix GERD,
Ilie DUMITRESCU, Adriana CIUCHEA, Gheorghe VAIDA-MUNTEAN.

Colectivul de elaborare a capitolelor Anuarului:


Authors of the Yearbook chapters:
Adriana CIUCHEA, Silvia PISIC, Florentina GHEORGHE, Daniela TEFNESCU,
Andoria Cristina IONI, Lavinia BLTEANU, Andreea CAMBIR, Mihai GHEORGHE,
Liliana PINTILIA, Nina ALEXEVICI, Ioana DIMA, Florica CRSTEA,
Lucia Cecilia SINIGAGLIA, Liviu GHILENCEA.

Responsabil de publicaie:
Editor in chief:
Daniel Celu VRDOL

Colectivul de proiectarea formei de prezentare, tehnoredactare i editare:


Designing, typing and editing team:
Ilie DUMITRESCU, Lavinia POPESCU, Vitty-Cristian CHIRAN, Rodica-Elena SOLOVSTRU,
Gabriela Melania PODBERECHI, Elena TUDOR, Andreia MESTEACN, Genia MIHOC, Cristina BABOI, Mdlina NVAL,
Mihaela Elena TEFAN, Gabriela ZAGALCA, Daniela POPESCU, Valentina MUNTEANU, Daniela BUCUR, Laura ENACHE.

Fotografie:
Photo:
Vitty-Cristian CHIRAN

Coperta:
Cover:
Alexandru POPESCU

Editare CD:
CD editing:
Roxana Mihaela ERBAN

Institutul Naional de Statistic National Institute of Statistics


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Fax: +4021 312.48.75 Fax: +4021 312.48.75
e-mail: romstat@insse.ro e-mail: romstat@insse.ro
http://www.insse.ro http://www.insse.ro

INS 2017 NIS 2017


Reproducerea coninutului acestei publicaii, integral Reproducing the content of this publication, completely or
sau parial, n forma original sau modificat, precum i partly, in original or modified, as well as its storage in a retrieval
stocarea ntr-un sistem de regsire sau transmiterea sub orice system, or transmitted, in any form and by any means are
form i prin orice mijloace sunt interzise fr autorizarea forbidden without the written permission of the National Institute
scris a Institutului Naional de Statistic. of Statistics.
Utilizarea coninutului acestei publicaii, cu titlu Using the content of this publication with explanatory or
explicativ sau justificativ, n articole, studii, cri este justifying title, in articles, studies, books is allowed only clearly and
autorizat numai cu indicarea clar i precis a sursei. precisely indicating the source.

I.S.S.N. : 1220 - 3246


I.S.S.N.-L : 1220 - 3246
CUVNT NAINTE

Este un fapt bine-cunoscut c att statistica internaional, ct i cea naional sunt supuse, n ultima vreme, unui
amplu i profund proces de modernizare. Acest demers rezid, pe de o parte, din faptul c noile realizri tehnologice, n
mod deosebit cele legate de mbuntirea sistemelor informaionale bazate pe tehnologia digital, au impact direct
asupra sistemului statistic. Pe de alt parte, se are n vedere faptul c cerinele privind sistemul statistic naional necesit
reducerea sarcinii de rspuns a furnizorilor de informaii, diminuarea cheltuielilor implicate n procesul statistic, ntr-un
cuvnt, eficientizarea procesului statistic.
Obiectivele Institutului Naional de Statistic converg astfel spre asigurarea unui sistem statistic bazat pe tehnici i
instrumente inovative care s determine posibilitatea obinerii unor date statistice de calitate superioar n cel mai scurt
timp posibil.
ntre altele, alternativa punerii la dispoziie de ctre Institutul Naional de Statistic a informaiei, n principal prin
intermediul tehnologiei comunicaionale moderne, precum baze de date, internet, acces online etc., ct i continuarea
informrii utilizatorilor prin publicaiile pe suport hrtie, reprezint o opiune care necesit decizii bine fundamentate i
susinute lund n considerare cerinele utilizatorilor.
Este evident faptul c, n prezent i mai ales n perspectiv, statistica trebuie s se orienteze spre a furniza informaia
sub o form uor accesibil, acordnd prevalen instrumentelor electronice. Nu este ns mai puin adevrat c procesul
de transformare i revizuire a sistemului de diseminare a statisticii trebuie s se bazeze pe soluii prudeniale, care s in
seama i de opiniile unor grupuri de utilizatori ale cror preferine converg spre publicaie scris. n orice caz, n aceast
ultim variant se nscrie Anuarul Statistic.
Condiia satisfacerii cerinelor tuturor categoriilor de utilizatori deriv esenialmente din principiile fundamentale ale
statisticii, inclusiv ale Codului European de Practic Statistic, i implic tratarea nedifereniat n privina beneficierii de
date a tuturor, inclusiv ceteanul obinuit, ntruct informaia statistic este, n mod firesc, un bun public la dispoziia
tuturor. Garania asigurrii unor informaii statistice relevante, de calitate i la timp, n concordan cu nevoile societii,
este dat de respectarea principiilor de funcionare a statisticii i, n mod deosebit, a principiului independenei
profesionale a sistemului statistic naional, n primul rnd a Institutului Naional de Statistic.
n Sistemul Statistic Naional, editarea Anuarului Statistic are o lung tradiie, prima ediie ieind de sub tipar n anul
1904 i continund, cu o periodicitate anual, n ciuda unor ntreruperi determinate de evenimente majore de-a lungul
istoriei, pn n prezent i, probabil, nc mult timp de acum ncolo.
Anuarul Statistic al Romniei conine un amplu volum de informaii, organizate i sintetizate ntr-o manier
comprehensiv, coerent i sintetic, reuind s evidenieze, convingtor, prin date statistice evoluiile cele mai
semnificative ce au avut loc ntr-o perioad istoric determinat, n numeroase domenii social-economice.
Ediia 2016 a Anuarului Statistic al Romniei menine caracterul unitar i structura ediiilor precedente, asigurnd
utilizatorilor de date statistice posibilitatea de a-i satisface cerinele de cunoatere, cercetare, analiz i exploatare a
arsenalului de informaii.
Att cititorul obinuit, ct i specialistul, analistul i cercettorul gsesc n paginile Anuarului date statistice relevante
acoperind aproape toat gama de domenii economice i sociale, ncepnd cu cele referitoare la structurile geografice i
administrativ-teritoriale, continund cu aspectele legate de populaie, for de munc i, evident, cu altele de interes
major n momentul de fa, condiiile de via ale populaiei, accesul la servicii de educaie i sntate i alte domenii din
sfera vieii sociale. Desigur, la fel de important este i ilustrarea, prin cifre statistice, a strii de fapt i a evoluiei
fenomenelor economice aferente domeniilor: preuri, conturi naionale i ali indicatori macroeconomici, investiii,
agricultur i silvicultur, industrie i construcii, transporturi, comer etc.
Interpretarea corect a indicatorilor i coninutului datelor statistice este nlesnit prin informaii sub form de
metadate i explicaii metodologice de natur s faciliteze relaia indisolubil ntre un numr statistic i dimensiunea
procesului i fenomenului pe care l reprezint.
n sperana c ediia 2016 a Anuarului Statistic rspunde exigenelor mai multor categorii de utilizatori, mi exprim
ncrederea c vom beneficia i n acest an de reaciile celor interesai de aceast publicaie fanion a statisticii naionale,
oferindu-ne posibilitatea mbuntirii structurii i coninutului ediiilor viitoare.

Prof. univ. dr. Tudorel ANDREI,


Preedintele Institutului Naional de Statistic
SINTEZA CUPRINSULUI Pagina CONTENTS
Page

Not metodologic general ........................................................ VII General methodological note

Prescurtri folosite pentru unitile de msur .................. XVIII Abbreviations used for units of measurement

Simboluri folosite ........................................................................... XVIII Symbols used

1. Geografie, meteorologie i mediu nconjurtor .............. 1 Geography, meteorology and environment

2. Populaie ...................................................................................... 35 Population

3. Piaa forei de munc ............................................................. 105 Labour market

4. Veniturile, cheltuielile i consumul populaiei ............. 165 Population income, expenditure and consumption

5. Locuine i utiliti publice .................................................. 229 Dwellings and public utilities

6. Securitate i asisten social .............................................. 245 Social protection and assistance

7. Sntate ...................................................................................... 285 Health

8. Educaie ...................................................................................... 303 Education

9. Cultur i sport ......................................................................... 335 Culture and sport

10. Preuri .......................................................................................... 359 Prices

11. Conturi naionale .................................................................... 381 National accounts

12. Investiii i imobilizri corporale ....................................... 421 Investments and tangible fixed assets

13. tiin i tehnologie ............................................................... 433 Science and technology

14. Agricultur i silvicultur ...................................................... 485 Agriculture and forestry

15. Activitatea ntreprinderii ...................................................... 525 Enterprise activity

16. Industrie i construcii ........................................................... 557 Industry and construction

17. Transporturi, pot i telecomunicaii ............................ 573 Transport, post and telecommunications

18. Comer internaional cu bunuri ......................................... 597 International trade with goods

19. Comer interior i servicii de pia .................................... 633 Domestic trade and market services

20. Turism .......................................................................................... 643 Tourism

21. Finane ........................................................................................ 667 Finances

22. Justiie ......................................................................................... 689 Justice

23. Statistic internaional ........................................................ 701 International statistics

V
NOT METODOLOGIC GENERAL GENERAL METHODOLOGICAL NOTE

1. Cadrul legal privind activitatea statistic este 1. The legal framework concerning the statistical
statuat prin Legea nr. 226 / 2009 a organizrii i activity is represented by Law No 226 / 2009 on the
funcionrii statisticii oficiale n Romnia, cu organisation and functioning of official statistics in
modificrile i completrile ulterioare. n lege se Romania, with subsequent amendaments. The Law
regsesc contextul i prevederile care definesc includes the context and the provisions defining the
elementele constitutive ale procesului statistic, constitutive elements of the statistical process, namely:
respectiv, colectarea, procesarea, analiza, diseminarea statistical data collection, processing, analysis and
datelor statistice, dezvoltarea culturii statistice, dissemination, the statistical culture development, the
constituirea i administrarea seriilor de date statistice official statistical data series building up and management,
oficiale, cu caracter demografic, social, economic, of demographic, social, economic, financial and juridical
financiar i juridic, precum i principiile fundamentale nature, as well as the fundamental principles on which the
care stau la baza funcionrii statisticii oficiale n functioning of official statistics in Romania is defined.
Romnia.

Statistica oficial n Romnia este organizat i In Romania, the official statistics is organised and
coordonat de Institutul Naional de Statistic, organ de coordinated by the National Institute of Statistics,
specialitate al Administraiei Publice Centrale, n specialised body of Central Public Administration,
subordinea Guvernului, finanat de la bugetul de stat. subordinated to Government and financed from the state
budget.
Institutul Naional de Statistic este autorizat s The National Institute of Statistics is entrusted to ask for
solicite i s obin, cu titlu gratuit, date statistice de la and to obtain, free of charge, statistical data from all
toate persoanele fizice i juridice, rezidente sau natural and legal persons, either Romanian residents or
nerezidente n Romnia, care i desfoar activitatea non-residents, developing their activity on Romanias
pe teritoriul Romniei. territory.
Principiile pe care se ntemeiaz activitatea The principles on which statistical activity are based,
statistic, n deplin concordan cu principiile fully compliant with the fundamental principles related to
fundamentale privind funcionarea statisticii statistics functioning in a democratic society, adopted al
ntr-o societate democratic, adoptate pe plan international level, consists in:
internaional, constau n:
independen profesional; imparialitate; professional independence; impartiality;
obiectivitate; fiabilitate; confidenialitatea objectivity; reliability; confidentiality of statistical
informaiilor statistice i eficiena costurilor. information and cost-effectiveness.
Att contextul general, ct i principiile de Both the general context and the principles of statistics
funcionare a statisticii, precum i producerea de date functioning, as well as the production of statistical data of
statistice de calitate, armonizate cu normele i high quality, compliant with the European Unions norms
standardele Uniunii Europene, confer rezultatelor and standards confer the statistical activity results the
activitii statistice garania satisfacerii cerinelor guarantee of meeting the statistical data users
utilizatorilor de date statistice. requirements.

2. Sursele de date statistice. Datele prezentate n 2. Statistical data sources. The data presented within
Anuarul Statistic sunt rezultatul a dou categorii de the Statistical Yearbook result from two data sources
surse: categories:
cercetrile statistice exhaustive sau prin sondaj exhaustive or sample statistical surveys, included in
cuprinse n Programul Statistic Naional Anual (PSNA); the Yearly National Statistical Programme (YNSP);
surse administrative. administrative sources.

VII
3. Programul Statistic Naional Anual (PSNA) 3. The Yearly National Statistical Programme (YNSP)
reprezint instrumentul de baz prin care Institutul represents the basic tool by means of which the
Naional de Statistic i ceilali productori de statistici National Institute of Statistics and the other producers
oficiale sunt autorizai s realizeze colectarea, stocarea, of official statistics are authorized to carry out the
procesarea, analiza i diseminarea datelor statistice collection, storage, processing, analysis and
oficiale, n vederea asigurrii informaiilor necesare dissemination of official statistical data, in order to
utilizatorilor interni, precum i a celor ce decurg din provide the information necessary to domestic users, as
legislaia Uniunii Europene i din recomandrile altor well as those resulting from the legislation of European
organizaii internaionale. Union and from the recommendations of other
international organisations.
Programul Statistic Naional Anual cuprinde The Yearly National Statistical Programme includes
informaii, responsabiliti, resurse i termene de information, responsibilities, resources and deadlines,
realizare, cu privire la: cercetri statistice; lucrri de regarding: statistical surveys, synthesis papers, statistical
sintez, studii i analize statistice; publicaii statistice. studies and analyses, statistical publications.
Programul Statistic Naional Anual se avizeaz de The Yearly National Statistical Programme is endorsed
Consiliul Statistic Naional i se aprob prin hotrre a by the National Statistical Council and it is approved by
Guvernului. Government decision.
Cercetrile statistice prevzute n directive, The statistical surveys stipulated in the European Union
regulamente i decizii ale Uniunii Europene sunt incluse directives, regulations and decisions are included in the
n Programul Statistic Naional Anual. Yearly National Statistical Programme.

4. Cercetarea statistic reprezint o lucrare complex 4. The statistical survey is a complex activity of
de culegere, prelucrare, analiz i diseminare a datelor collection, processing, analysis and dissemination of data
cu privire la starea i evoluia fenomenelor i proceselor related to the economic and social phenomena situation
economice i sociale. Cercetarea statistic se realizeaz and dynamics. The statistical survey is carried out based on
pe baz de proiecte n care sunt definite concepte projects, where the general concepts, the survey purpose
generale, scopul cercetrii i instrumentarul statistic ce and the statistical tools on which it is based are defined
st la baza acesteia (modul de organizare a cercetrii; (survey organisation: questionnaire, classifications,
chestionarul, clasificrile, nomenclatoarele, normele, nomenclatures, norms, guidelines a.s.o.). According to the
instruciunile etc.). Potrivit criteriului sferei de coverage criterion, the data included in the Statistical
cuprindere, datele din Anuarul Statistic au fost Yearbook were determined based on two statistical surveys
determinate pe baza a dou tipuri de cercetri statistice: types:
Cercetare statistic exhaustiv (total). n cadrul Exhaustive (total) statistical survey. Under this type
acestui tip de cercetare datele sunt nregistrate de la of survey, data are recorded from all statistical
toate unitile populaiei statistice, denumit i population units, called statistical collectivity, which is
colectivitate statistic, bine delimitat. Populaia well defined. The statistical population represents all
statistic desemneaz totalitatea elementelor supuse the elements subject to statistical observation, of the
observrii statistice, de aceeai natur, asemntoare same nature, similar or homogenous from certain
sau omogene din punctul de vedere al anumitor criteria standpoint. Based on such exhaustive statistical
criterii. Prin astfel de cercetri statistice exhaustive se surveys, detailed results are obtained in various
obin rezultate detaliate n diferite structuri administrative and geographical structures, by group
administrative, geografice, grupri pe activiti of activities according to the Classification of Activities
potrivit Clasificrii Activitilor din Economia of National Economy (CANE) a.s.o.
Naional (CAEN) etc.
Cele mai cunoscute cercetri exhaustive sunt The most well-known exhaustive surveys are
recensmintele populaiei i ale locuinelor, population and housing censuses, industrial products
recensmntul produselor i serviciilor industriale, and services census, general agricultural census.
recensmntul general agricol.
Cercetare statistic prin sondaj. n cadrul acestui Sample statistical survey. Under this type of survey,
tip de cercetare, datele sunt nregistrate doar de la o data are recorded only from part of the statistical
parte a populaiei statistice, numit eantion. population, called sample. The sample is determined
Eantionul este determinat pe baza criteriilor de based on representativeness criteria, by using
reprezentativitate, prin utilizarea unor metode probabilistic methods, whose results are further
probabiliste, ale cror rezultate sunt extinse la extended to the whole statistical population.
ntreaga populaie statistic.

VIII
5. Sursele administrative reprezint sursele de 5. Administrative sources means the evidence sources
eviden organizate i deinute de organisme ale organised and managed by public administration or non-
administraiei publice sau non-guvernamentale pentru governmental bodies, for other purposes than the
alte scopuri dect cele statistice. Sunt utilizate numai statistical ones. Only the sources with an appropriate
acele surse care au un potenial adecvat cerinelor potential for statistical requirements and scientific rigour
statistice i corespund rigorilor tiinifice de sfer de concerning coverage, quality and completeness making
cuprindere, calitate i completitudine care le fac them also usable for statistical purposes are used. The use
utilizabile i n scopuri statistice. Folosirea acestor surse of these data and information sources for statistical
de date i informaii n scopuri statistice se realizeaz fie purposes is achieved either directly, as basic data
direct, ca date de baz (asimilate datelor statistice), fie (assimilated to statistical data), or after appropriate
prin prelucrri i adaptri corespunztoare pentru a processing and adaptation, in view to meet quality,
satisface cerinele de calitate, comparabilitate i comparability and coherence requirements, or for
coeren, fie pentru reconciliere i validarea datelor reconciliation and validation of statistical data obtained
statistice obinute n urma cercetrilor statistice. from statistical surveys.

6. Sfera de cuprindere a datelor. Datele prezentate n 6. Coverage. The data presented within the Statistical
Anuarul Statistic caracterizeaz ansamblul economiei Yearbook characterise the whole national economy, except
naionale, cu excepia cazurilor cnd, prin notele cases where specific notes that preface each chapter of the
specifice care prefaeaz fiecare capitol al Anuarului, se Yearbook stipulates otherwise.
precizeaz altfel.

7. Mrimile statistice folosite: 7. Statistical measures used:


n Anuar sunt prezentate, cu precdere, date absolute i The Yearbook mainly presents absolute and relative data
date relative (indici, ponderi, indicatori de intensitate (indices, weights, propensity indicators a.s.o.).
etc.).
Indicatorul statistic este expresia numeric a unor The statistical indicator is the numerical expression of
fenomene, procese, activiti sau categorii certain phenomena, processes, activities or economic
economice sau sociale, manifestate n timp, spaiu i and social categories, manifested over time, area and
structuri. structures.
Indicele este un raport ntre valori ale aceleiai The index is a ratio between values of the same
variabile nregistrate n uniti de timp sau teritoriale variables recorded in various time or territorial units.
diferite.
Indicii statistici utilizai n Anuar sunt: The statistical indices used within the Yearbook are:
l Indicele Laspeyres este o medie aritmetic l Laspeyres index - weighted arithmetic mean of
ponderat a indicilor individuali ai aceleiai variabile; individual indices of the same variable; the used
ponderile utilizate sunt cele din perioada de baz; weights refer to the base period;
l Indicele Paasche este o medie aritmetic l Paasche index - weighted arithmetic mean of
ponderat a indicilor individuali ai aceleiai variabile; individual indices of the same variable; the used
ponderile utilizate fiind din perioada curent. weights refer to current period.
Unitatea statistic este un obiect al cercetrii i The statistical unit is subject to the survey and bearer
purttor al caracteristicilor statistice urmrite prin of the statistical characteristics observed through the
program. programme.
Unitatea de observare este acea entitate de la The observation unit is the entity from/for which
care/pentru care sunt colectate date i informaii primary data and information are collected, based on
primare, pe baza creia se construiesc statistici. which statistics are compiled.
Unitatea de raportare este entitatea care furnizeaz The reporting unit is the entity supplying primary data
datele i informaiile primare n cadrul unei cercetri and information under a statistical survey.
statistice.
Unitatea cu personalitate juridic reprezint The unit with legal status in the entity (enterprise,
entitatea (ntreprinderea, societatea comercial, commercial company, association, budgetary
asociaia, instituia bugetar, organizaia fr scop institution, non-profit organisation a.s.o.) carrying out
patrimonial etc.) care desfoar o activitate an economic activity, with own bookkeeping and
economic, are contabilitate proprie i ia decizii n taking decisions when exercising its main function.
exercitarea funciei principale.

IX
Unitatea fr personalitate juridic reprezint o The unit without legal status is a natural person, a
persoan, o gospodrie, o familie, o asociaie sau household, a family, an association or any other entity
orice alt entitate ce nu dispune de autonomie de without decisional autonomy when exercising its main
decizie n exercitarea funciei principale. function.

8. Datele n preuri curente se refer la volumul 8. Data expressed in current prices refer to the volume
produciei, veniturilor, cheltuielilor sau valoarea of production, income or expenses or to the value of
produselor, serviciilor etc. exprimate n preurile products, services a.s.o., expressed in the current year
anului curent. Valorile din diferite perioade n preuri prices. The values expressed in current prices corresponding
curente nu sunt direct comparabile i, n consecin, to various periods are not directly comparable and, as
nu pot fi utilizate la calculul indicilor fr a fi, n consequence, cannot be used for indices compilation
prealabil, deflatate cu indicii de preuri without being previously deflated with the corresponding
corespunztori. price indices.

9. Formele de proprietate sunt: 9. Ownership types:


proprietate majoritar de stat - cuprinde capitalul state majority ownership - comprises integral state,
integral de stat, public, de interes naional i local i public, national and local interest and mixed capital,
mixt, unde statul deine 50% i peste din capitalul where the states own 50% or more of the social capital;
social;
proprietate majoritar privat - cuprinde capitalul private majority ownership - comprises integral
integral privat, mixt, n care peste 50% din capitalul private or mixed capital, where over 50% of the social
social este privat, capital integral strin, cooperatist capital is private, integral foreign or co-operative and
i obtesc. Tot aici sunt cuprinse i activitile community capital. The activities carried out by natural
desfurate de ctre persoanele fizice i/sau persons and/or population households are also
gospodriile populaiei. included here.

10. Clasificri i nomenclatoare. Sunt principalele 10. Classifications and nomenclatures. These are the
instrumente care fac posibil structurarea dup main tools allowing for the structuring of observed
criterii obiective i corecte a unitilor statistice, a processes and phenomena according to objective and
proceselor i fenomenelor observate. Clasificrile accurate criteria related to statistical units. The
utilizate n Anuar, potrivit diferitelor scopuri sau classifications used within the Yearbook, according to
diferitelor domenii de activitate, sunt: various purposes or fields of activity are:
l Clasificarea Activitilor din Economia Naional l The Classification of Activities of National
(CAEN) reprezint un sistem coordonat i coerent Economy (CANE) is a coordinated and coherent
de grupare, dup criterii tiinifice de omogenitate, system for grouping, according to scientific criteria
a datelor referitoare la unitile statistice. related to homogeneity, the data referring to statistical
units.
l n Anuar este utilizat versiunea actualizat a CAEN, l The updated version of CANE is used in the Yearbook,
respectiv CAEN Rev. 2, implementat prin Ordinul respectively CANE Rev. 2, implemented through the
nr. 337/2007 al Preedintelui Institutului Naional de Order No 337/2007 of the National Institute of
Statistic, publicat n Monitorul Oficial nr. 293/2007 Statistics President, published in the Official Journal
i revizuit n Monitorul Oficial nr. 403/2008. CAEN No 293/2007 and revised in the Official Journal
Rev. 2 respect standardele europene, fiind total No 403/2008. CANE Rev. 2 observes the European
armonizat cu Nomenclatorul Activitilor din standards, being fully compliant with the
Comunitatea European NACE Rev.2. Nomenclature of Activities from the European
Community NACE Rev.2.
Structura CAEN Rev. 2 este urmtoarea: The CANE Rev. 2 structure is the following:
Seciuni - codificate printr-o liter; Sections - coded at one letter level;
Diviziuni - codificate prin dou cifre; Divisions - coded at two digits level;
Grupe - codificare prin trei cifre; Groups - coded at three digits level;
Clase - codificate prin patru cifre. Classes - coded at four digits level.

X
Pentru interpretarea corect a structurii datelor In view to reach an accurate interpretation of data
potrivit CAEN Rev. 2, n Anexa nr. 1 a Notei structure according to CANE Rev.2, the Annex No 1 to the
metodologice generale se prezint clasificarea la General methodological note includes the classification at
nivelul seciunilor i diviziunilor. section and division level.
l Gruparea dup mrime a ntreprinderilor; l Enterprises grouping by size;
l Clasificarea produselor asociate activitilor l Classification of products associated to activities
utilizat de Uniunea European - CPA; used by the European Union - CPA;
l Clasificarea produselor i serviciilor asociate l Classification of products associated to activities -
activitilor - CPSA 2002; CPA 2002;
l Clasificarea produselor i serviciilor asociate l Classification of products associated to activities -
activitilor - CPSA 2008, aprobat prin Hotrrea CPA 2008, adopted by the Government Decision
de Guvern nr. 53/1999 i revizuit prin Ordinul No 53/1999 and revised by the National Institute of
Preedintelui Institutului Naional de Statistic Statistics President Order No 605 / 15.X.2008.
nr. 605 / 15.X.2008.
CPSA 2008 reprezint o detaliere a CAEN Rev. 2, prin CPA 2008 represents a detailed version of CANE Rev.2,
ordonarea dup principiul omogenitii a tuturor whose organisation relies on the principle of homogeneity
familiilor de produse i servicii pe niveluri ierarhice of all families of products and services by successive
succesive. hierarchical levels.
CPSA 2008 asigur informaii pentru: CPA 2008 classification provides information in order to:
satisfacerea cerinelor de agregare i detaliere a respond to the requirements of aggregation and detailed
datelor referitoare la producia de bunuri i servicii; data regarding the production of goods and services;
identificarea sistematizat a produselor i identify the products and services from our national
serviciilor din economia naional; economy;
compararea i interpretarea unitar a datelor ensure the comparability of statistical data.
statistice.
CPSA 2008 este total armonizat cu Clasificarea CPA 2008 classification is fully harmonised
Produselor Asociate Activitilor (CPA 2008) utilizat n with Classification of Products Associated to Activities (CPA
cadrul UE. Clasificarea conine explicaii la nivelul 2008) used in EU. The classification contains explanatory
diverselor entiti de clasificare n funcie de necesiti. notes for various classification entities according to the
necessities.
l PRODROM - Nomenclatorul de produse i servicii l PRODROM - the Nomenclature of industrial
industriale elaborat de Institutul Naional de products and services drawn up by the National
Statistic (INS) i utilizat pentru cercetri statistice Institute of Statistics (NIS) and used for statistical
privind producia industrial. Nomenclatorul surveys on industrial production. The PRODROM
PRODROM este total armonizat cu lista PRODCOM nomenclature is fully harmonised with the PRODCOM
utilizat n cadrul Uniunii Europene. Legtura CAEN list used within the European Union.
Rev. 2 cu PRODROM este asigurat la nivel de patru The link of CANE Rev.2 with PRODROM is ensured at
cifre (clas), ntruct poziiile din cadrul four digits level (class), since the positions from
nomenclatorului PRODROM sunt rezultatul PRODROM nomenclature are the result of CPA 2008
detalierii subclaselor elementare CPA 2008. detailing elementary sub-classes.

11. Definirea activitilor. n practic, majoritatea 11. Activities definition. In practice, most of the
unitilor de producie efectueaz activiti cu caracter production units carry out activities of mixed nature,
mixt, respectiv activitate principal, activiti namely main activity, secondary and ancillary activities.
secundare i activiti auxiliare. Identificarea activitii The identification of secondary activity is needed in view to
secundare este necesar pentru a ncadra o unitate frame a unit under a certain heading of CANE Rev.2.
ntr-o anumit poziie din CAEN Rev. 2.
l Activitatea principal, n sensul clasificrii, este l The main activity, in the sense of classification, is
identificat prin metoda ordinii descresctoare identified by top-down method. This is the activity
(de sus n jos). Ea reprezint acea activitate care contributing to the largest extent to the total value
contribuie n cea mai mare msur la valoarea added of the concerned unit.
adugat total a unitii luate n considerare.

XI
l Activitatea secundar este orice alt activitate l The secondary activity is any other kind of activity
din cadrul unitii productoare de bunuri sau carried out within the unit producing goods or services.
servicii.
l Activitatea auxiliar este o activitate conex, l The ancillary activity is an auxiliary activity,
indispensabil funcionrii unei entiti, precum: indispensable for the functioning of an entity, such as:
contabilitate, transport, depozitare, achiziionare bookkeeping, transport, storage, purchase,
promovare, ntreinere i reparaie etc. promotion, maintenance and repair a.s.o.

12. mprirea teritorial. Din punct de vedere al 12. Territorial breakdown. From territorial structure
structurii teritoriale, datele din Anuar sunt prezentate standpoint, the data included in the Yearbook are
la nivel naional (pe ntreaga ar), precum i pe presented at national level (for the whole country), as well
diferite uniti teritoriale, n funcie de specificul as by various territorial unit, depending on indicators
indicatorilor. Unitile teritoriale, dup statutul lor, specific. According to their status, territorial units are either
sunt administrative (comun, ora, ora-municipiu, administrative (commune, town, town-municipality,
jude) i non-administrative (macroregiune i regiune county) or non-administrative (macroregion and
de dezvoltare). development region).
Pn n anul 1998, prin lucrrile i publicaiile Till 1998, within the statistical works and publications,
statistice, s-au prelucrat i diseminat, de regul, doar only data at county, municipality, town and commune
date la nivel de jude, municipii, orae i comune. level were, as a rule, processed and disseminated.
ncepnd din anul 1998, n structura teritorial i, ca Beginning with 1998, according to the territorial structure,
urmare, n publicaiile statistice, au fost prezentate date the statistical publications also included data at
i la nivelul regiunilor de dezvoltare. development regions level.
ncepnd cu ediia 2008, potrivit Legii nr. 315/2004 Starting with 2008 edition, according to
privind dezvoltarea regional n Romnia, n structura the Law No 315/2004 on regional development in
teritorial sunt prezentate date i la nivelul Romania, territorial structure also presents data at
macroregiunilor, constituite conform Legii privind macroregional level, constituted according to the Law on
stabilirea nomenclatorului unitilor teritoriale statistice setting up the nomenclature of statistical territorial units in
din Romnia i cerinelor Regulamentului Romania and to requirements of the EC Regulation
CE nr. 1059/2003 al Parlamentului i al Consiliului No 1059/2003 of the European Parliament and of the
European privind stabilirea unui nomenclator comun al Council regarding the setting up of a common
unitilor teritoriale de statistic NUTS, publicat n nomenclature of statistical territorial units NUTS,
Jurnalul Oficial al Uniunii Europene nr. L 154/2003. published in Official Journal of European Union
No L 154/2003.

XII
Anexa nr. 1
Annex No 1

CLASIFICAREA ACTIVITILOR DIN ECONOMIA NAIONAL CAEN Rev. 2


(aprobat prin Ordinul nr. 337/20. IV. 2007 privind actualizarea Clasificrii activitilor din economia naional - CAEN,
publicat n M.O. nr. 293/03. V.2007 i revizuit n M.O. nr. 403/29. V.2008)
THE CLASSIFICATION OF ACTIVITIES IN THE NATIONAL ECONOMY CANE Rev. 2
(approved through Order No 337/20. IV. 2007 on the classification of activities in the national economy - CANE updating,
published in the Official Journal No 293/03. V. 2007 and revised in the Official Journal No 403/29. V. 2008)

Seciune Diviziune Denumire Description


Section Division

A AGRICULTUR, SILVICULTUR I PESCUIT AGRICULTURE, FORESTRY AND FISHING


01 Agricultur, vntoare i servicii anexe Crop and animal production, hunting and related
service activities
02 Silvicultur i exploatare forestier Forestry and logging
03 Pescuitul i acvacultura Fishing and aquaculture

B INDUSTRIA EXTRACTIV MINING AND QUARRYING


05 Extracia crbunelui superior i inferior Mining of coal and lignite
06 Extracia petrolului brut i a gazelor naturale Extraction of crude petroleum and natural gas
07 Extracia minereurilor metalifere Mining of metal ores
08 Alte activiti extractive Other mining and quarrying
09 Activiti de servicii anexe extraciei Mining support service activities

C INDUSTRIA PRELUCRTOARE MANUFACTURING


10 Industria alimentar Manufacture of food products
11 Fabricarea buturilor Manufacture of beverages
12 Fabricarea produselor din tutun Manufacture of tobacco products
13 Fabricarea produselor textile Manufacture of textiles
14 Fabricarea articolelor de mbrcminte Manufacture of wearing apparel
15 Tbcirea i finisarea pieilor; fabricarea articolelor Tanning and dressing of leather; manufacture
de voiaj i marochinrie, harnaamentelor i of travel and leather goods, harness and footwear;
nclmintei; prepararea i vopsirea blnurilor preparation and dyeing of furs
16 Prelucrarea lemnului, fabricarea produselor din lemn Manufacture of wood and of products of wood
i plut, cu excepia mobilei; fabricarea articolelor din and cork, except furniture; manufacture of articles
paie i din alte materiale vegetale mpletite of straw and plaiting materials
17 Fabricarea hrtiei i a produselor din hrtie Manufacture of paper and paper products
18 Tiprire i reproducerea pe supori Printing and reproduction of recorded media
a nregistrrilor
19 Fabricarea produselor de cocserie i a produselor Manufacture of coke and refined petroleum
obinute din prelucrarea ieiului products
20 Fabricarea substanelor i a produselor chimice Manufacture of chemicals and chemical products
21 Fabricarea produselor farmaceutice de baz i a Manufacture of basic pharmaceutical products and
preparatelor farmaceutice pharmaceutical preparations
22 Fabricarea produselor din cauciuc i mase plastice Manufacture of rubber and plastic products
23 Fabricarea altor produse din minerale nemetalice Manufacture of other non-metallic mineral
products
24 Industria metalurgic Manufacture of basic metals
25 Industria construciilor metalice i a produselor Manufacture of fabricated metal products,
din metal, exclusiv maini, utilaje i instalaii except machinery and equipment
26 Fabricarea calculatoarelor i a produselor Manufacture of computer, electronic and
electronice i optice optical products
27 Fabricarea echipamentelor electrice Manufacture of electrical equipment
28 Fabricarea de maini, utilaje i echipamente n.c.a. Manufacture of machinery and equipment n.e.c.
29 Fabricarea autovehiculelor de transport rutier, Manufacture of motor vehicles, trailers and
a remorcilor i semiremorcilor semi-trailers
30 Fabricarea altor mijloace de transport Manufacture of other transport equipment
31 Fabricarea de mobil Manufacture of furniture
32 Alte activiti industriale n.c.a. Other manufacturing activities n.e.c.
33 Repararea, ntreinerea i instalarea mainilor Repair, maintenance and installation of machinery
i echipamentelor and equipment
D PRODUCIA I FURNIZAREA DE ENERGIE ELECTRICITY, GAS, STEAM AND
ELECTRIC I TERMIC, GAZE, AP AIR CONDITIONING PRODUCTION AND SUPPLY
CALD I AER CONDIIONAT
35 Producia i furnizarea de energie electric i Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning
termic, gaze, ap cald i aer condiionat production and supply

XIII
Anexa nr. 1 - continuare
Annex No 1 - continued

Seciune Diviziune Denumire Description


Section Division

E DISTRIBUIA APEI; SALUBRITATE, WATER SUPPLY; SEWERAGE, WASTE


GESTIONAREA DEEURILOR, MANAGEMENT AND DECONTAMINATION
ACTIVITI DE DECONTAMINARE ACTIVITIES
36 Captarea, tratarea i distribuia apei Water catchment, treatment and distribution
37 Colectarea i epurarea apelor uzate Used water collection and purification
38 Colectarea, tratarea i eliminarea deeurilor; Waste collection, purification and disposal;
activiti de recuperare a materialelor reciclabile activities of recycling materials recovery
39 Activiti i servicii de decontaminare Activities and services of decontamination

F CONSTRUCII CONSTRUCTION
41 Construcii de cldiri Construction of buildings
42 Lucrri de geniu civil Civil engineering
43 Lucrri speciale de construcii Specialised construction activities

G COMER CU RIDICATA I CU AMNUNTUL; WHOLESALE AND RETAIL; REPAIR OF


REPARAREA AUTOVEHICULELOR I MOTOR VEHICLES AND MOTORCYCLES
A MOTOCICLETELOR
45 Comer cu ridicata i cu amnuntul, ntreinerea i Wholesale and retail, maintenance and repair of
repararea autovehiculelor i a motocicletelor motor vehicles and motorcycles
46 Comer cu ridicata cu excepia comerului cu Wholesale, except of motor vehicles and
autovehicule i motociclete motorcycles
47 Comer cu amnuntul, cu excepia Retail, except of motor vehicles and
autovehiculelor i motocicletelor motorcycles

H TRANSPORT I DEPOZITARE TRANSPORTATION AND STORAGE


49 Transporturi terestre i transporturi prin conducte Land transport and transport via pipelines
50 Transporturi pe ap Water transport
51 Transporturi aeriene Air transport
52 Depozitare i activiti auxiliare pentru transporturi Warehousing and support activities for transportation
53 Activiti de pot i de curier Postal and courier activities

I HOTELURI I RESTAURANTE HOTELS AND RESTAURANTS


55 Hoteluri i alte faciliti de cazare Hotels and other accommodation facilities
56 Restaurante i alte activiti de servicii de alimentaie Restaurants and other catering services

J INFORMAII I COMUNICAII INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION


58 Activiti de editare Publishing activities
59 Activiti de producie cinematografic, video i de Motion picture, video and television programme
programe de televiziune; nregistrri audio i production, sound recording and music publishing
activiti de editare muzical activities
60 Activiti de difuzare i transmitere de programe Programming and broadcasting activities
61 Telecomunicaii Telecommunications
62 Activiti de servicii n tehnologia informaiei Computer programming, consultancy and
related activities
63 Activiti de servicii informatice Information service activities

K INTERMEDIERI FINANCIARE I ASIGURRI FINANCIAL AND INSURANCE INTERMEDIATION


64 Intermedieri financiare, cu excepia activitilor Financial intermediation, except insurance and
de asigurri i ale fondurilor de pensii pension funding
65 Activiti de asigurri, reasigurri i ale fondurilor Insurance, reinsurance and pension funding
de pensii (cu excepia celor din sistemul public (except compulsory social security)
de asigurri sociale)
66 Activiti auxiliare intermedierilor financiare, Activities auxiliary to financial intermediation,
activiti de asigurare i fonduri de pensii insurance activities and pension funds

L TRANZACII IMOBILIARE REAL ESTATE ACTIVITIES


68 Tranzacii imobiliare Real estate activities

M ACTIVITI PROFESIONALE, TIINIFICE PROFESSIONAL, SCIENTIFIC AND


I TEHNICE TECHNICAL ACTIVITIES
69 Activiti juridice i de contabilitate Legal and accounting activities

XIV
Anexa nr. 1 - continuare
Annex No 1 - continued

Seciune Diviziune Denumire Description


Section Division

70 Activiti ale direciilor (centralelor), birourilor Activities of head offices; management consultancy
administrative centralizate; activiti de management activities
i de consultan n management
71 Activiti de arhitectur i inginerie; activiti de Architectural and engineering activities; technical
testri i analiz tehnic testing and analysis
72 Cercetare-dezvoltare Scientific research and development
73 Publicitate i activiti de studiere a pieei Advertising and market research
74 Alte activiti profesionale, tiinifice i tehnice Other professional, scientific and technical activities
75 Activiti veterinare Veterinary activities

N ACTIVITI DE SERVICII ADMINISTRATIVE I ADMINISTRATIVE AND SUPPORT SERVICE


ACTIVITI DE SERVICII SUPORT ACTIVITIES
77 Activiti de nchiriere i leasing Rental and leasing activities
78 Activiti de servicii privind fora de munc Employment activities
79 Activiti ale ageniilor turistice i a tur-operatorilor; Travel agency, tour operator reservation service and
alte servicii de rezervare i asisten turistic related activities
80 Activiti de investigaii i protecie Security and investigation activities
81 Activiti de peisagistic i servicii pentru cldiri Services to buildings and landscape activities
82 Activiti de secretariat, servicii suport i alte activiti Office administrative, office support and other
de servicii prestate n principal ntreprinderilor business support activities

O ADMINISTRAIE PUBLIC I APRARE; PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION AND DEFENCE;


ASIGURRI SOCIALE DIN SISTEMUL PUBLIC COMPULSORY SOCIAL SECURITY
84 Administraie public i aprare; asigurri sociale din Public administration and defence; compulsory
sistemul public social security

P NVMNT EDUCATION
85 nvmnt Education

Q SNTATE I ASISTEN SOCIAL HUMAN HEALTH AND SOCIAL WORK ACTIVITIES


86 Activiti referitoare la sntatea uman Human health activities
87 Servicii combinate de ngrijire medical i asisten Residential care activities
social, cu cazare
88 Activiti de asisten social, fr cazare Social work activities without accommodation

R ACTIVITI DE SPECTACOLE, CULTURALE I ARTS, ENTERTAINMENT AND RECREATION


RECREATIVE
90 Activiti de creaie i interpretare artistic Creative, arts and entertainment activities
91 Activiti ale bibliotecilor, arhivelor, muzeelor Libraries, archives, museums and other cultural
i alte activiti culturale activities
92 Activiti de jocuri de noroc i pariuri Gambling and betting activities
93 Activiti sportive, recreative i distractive Sports activities and amusement and recreation
activities

S ALTE ACTIVITI DE SERVICII OTHER SERVICE ACTIVITIES


94 Activiti asociative diverse Activities of membership organisations
95 Reparaii de calculatoare, de articole personale Repair of computers and personal and household
i de uz gospodresc goods
96 Alte activiti de servicii Other personal service activities

T ACTIVITI ALE GOSPODRIILOR PRIVATE ACTIVITIES OF HOUSEHOLDS AS EMPLOYERS;


N CALITATE DE ANGAJATOR DE PERSONAL UNDIFFERENTIATED GOODS AND SERVICES-
CASNIC; ACTIVITI ALE GOSPODRIILOR PRODUCING ACTIVITIES OF
PRIVATE DE PRODUCERE DE BUNURI I HOUSEHOLDS FOR OWN USE
SERVICII DESTINATE CONSUMULUI PROPRIU
97 Activiti ale gospodriilor private n calitate de Activities of households as employers of domestic
angajator de personal casnic personnel
98 Activiti ale gospodriilor private de producere Undifferentiated goods and services producing
de bunuri i servicii destinate consumului propriu activities of private households for own use

U ACTIVITI ALE ORGANIZAIILOR I ACTIVITIES OF EXTRATERRITORIAL


ORGANISMELOR EXTRATERITORIALE ORGANISATIONS AND BODIES
99 Activiti ale organizaiilor i organismelor Activities of extraterritorial organisations and bodies
extrateritoriale XV
GRUPAREA JUDEELOR, PE MACROREGIUNI I REGIUNI DE DEZVOLTARE
COUNTIES GROUPING, BY MACROREGION AND DEVELOPMENT REGION

Macroregiunea Regiunea de dezvoltare Judeul


Macroregion Development region County

MACROREGIUNEA UNU Nord - Vest Bihor


MACROREGION ONE North - West Bistria-Nsud
Cluj
Maramure
Satu Mare
Slaj
Centru Alba
Center Braov
Covasna
Harghita
Mure
Sibiu
MACROREGIUNEA DOI Nord - Est Bacu
MACROREGION TWO North - East Botoani
Iai
Neam
Suceava
Vaslui
Sud - Est Brila
South - East Buzu
Constana
Galai
Tulcea
Vrancea
MACROREGIUNEA TREI Sud - Muntenia Arge
MACROREGION THREE South - Muntenia Clrai
Dmbovia
Giurgiu
Ialomia
Prahova
Teleorman
Bucureti - Ilfov Ilfov
Bucharest - Ilfov Municipiul Bucureti
Bucharest Municipality
MACROREGIUNEA PATRU Sud - Vest Oltenia Dolj
MACROREGION FOUR South - West Oltenia Gorj
Mehedini
Olt
Vlcea
Vest Arad
West Cara-Severin
Hunedoara
Timi

Not: Datele statistice n profil teritorial sunt prezentate pe judee, conform Decretului - Lege nr. 2/1968 cu modificrile ulterioare, iar judeele
au fost grupate pe regiuni de dezvoltare.
Prin rectificarea aprut n Legea nr. 315/28.VI.2004 privind dezvoltarea regional n Romnia, au fost redenumite trei regiuni,
dup cum urmeaz:
- Regiunea de dezvoltare Sud este redenumit Sud - Muntenia,
- Regiunea de dezvoltare Sud - Vest este redenumit Sud - Vest Oltenia,
- Regiunea de dezvoltare Bucureti este redenumit Bucureti - Ilfov.
S-au constituit patru macroregiuni, conform Legii privind stabilirea nomenclatorului unitilor teritoriale statistice din Romnia i
cerinelor Regulamentului CE nr. 1059/2003 al Parlamentului i al Consiliului European privind stabilirea unui nomenclator comun al
unitilor teritoriale de statistic NUTS, publicat n Jurnalul Oficial al Uniunii Europene nr. L 154/2003.
Note: Statistical data at territorial level are presented by county, according to the Decree - Law No 2/1968 further amended, while
the counties were grouped by development region.
Through the rectification introduced in Law No 315/28.VI.2004 on regional development in Romania, three regions were renamed,
as follows:
- The development region South is renamed South - Muntenia,
- The development region South - West is renamed South - West Oltenia,
- The development region Bucharest is renamed Bucharest - Ilfov.
Four macroregions were constituted, according to the Law on setting up the nomenclature of statistical territorial units in Romania
and to the requirements of the EC Regulation No 1059/2003 of the European Parliament and of the Council regarding the setting up
of a common nomenclature of statistical territorial units NSTU, published in Official Journal of European Union No L 154/2003.

XVI
GRUPAREA JUDEELOR, PE MACROREGIUNI I REGIUNI DE DEZVOLTARE
COUNTIES GROUPING, BY MACROREGION AND DEVELOPMENT REGION

MACROREGIUNEA UNU / MACROREGION ONE

MACROREGIUNEA DOI / MACROREGION TWO

Satu Mare BOTOANI MACROREGIUNEA TREI / MACROREGION THREE


MARAMURE
Botoani
MACROREGIUNEA PATRU / MACROREGION FOUR
SUCEAVA
Nord - Vest SATU MARE Baia Mare Suceava
North - West
BISTRIA-NSUD IAI Nord - Est
Zalu North - East
NEAM Iai
Oradea SLAJ Bistria Piatra-Neam
Centru CLUJ
Center
BIHOR
MURE
Vaslui
Cluj-Napoca Bacu
Trgu-Mure
HARGHITA
Miercurea Ciuc BACU VASLUI
Arad ARAD ALBA
Alba Iulia

Deva COVASNA
SIBIU BRAOV
Timioara Sfntu VRANCEA
Gheorghe GALAI
Sibiu
Vest TIMI Focani
Braov
West HUNEDOARA Galai

Reia PRAHOVA BUZU


ARGE Brila Tulcea
Rmnicu
Trgu Jiu Vlcea Buzu BRILA
Jude Trgovite TULCEA
CARA-SEVERIN
Ploieti
Legend / Legend: VLCEA DMBOVIA
Drobeta GORJ
Turnu Severin Piteti
Orae / Towns IALOMIA
ILFOV Slobozia
MEHEDINI
CONSTANA
Municipii / Municipalities Sud - Est
Slatina BUCURETI South - East
CLRAI Clrai
Reedine de jude / County residence
Craiova
DOLJ
Constana
Jude / Counties GIURGIU
Alexandria
Giurgiu
Regiuni de dezvoltare / Development regions OLT TELEORMAN

Sud - Vest Oltenia Sud - Muntenia Bucureti - Ilfov


South - West Oltenia South - Muntenia Bucharest - Ilfov
PRESCURTRI FOLOSITE PENTRU UNITILE DE MSUR
ABBREVIATIONS USED FOR UNITS OF MEASUREMENT

U.M. = unitate de msur CP = cal putere


M.U. = measurement unit HP = horse power
mm = milimetru kcal = kilocalorie
= millimetre = kilocalorie
m = metru '' = secund
= metre = second

m2 = metru ptrat ' = minut


= square metre = minute

m3 = metru cub h = or
= cubic metre = hour

ha (10000 m 2 ) = hectar 0 = grad


= hectare = degree
o
km = kilometru C = grade Celsius
= kilometre = Celsius degrees
km2 = kilometru ptrat nr. = numr
= square kilometre No = number
g = gram % = procent
= gram = percentage
kg = kilogram = promil
= kilogram per mille
t = ton mii = mii
= tonne thou = thousands (thou)
tdw = ton deadweight mil. = milion
= tonne deadweight mill. = million
l = litru mild. = miliard
= litre bn = billion
hl = hectolitru echiv. = echivalent
= hectolitre equiv. = equivalent
W = watt buc. = bucat
= watt pcs. = pieces
kW = kilowatt n.c.a. = neclasificate altundeva
= kilowatt n.e.c. = not elsewhere classified
kWh = kilowatt - or
= kilowatt - hour

SIMBOLURI FOLOSITE
SYMBOLS USED

- = nu este cazul G = grafic


= data not applicable = graph
... = lips date *) = date mai mici dect 0,5
= data not available = magnitude less than 0.5

~ = date nensumabile **) = date mai mici dect 0,05


= nontotalized data = magnitude less than 0.05

c = date confideniale ***) = date mai mici dect 0,005


= confidential data = magnitude less than 0.005

= tabele ce apar numai pe CD-ROM.


= tables included only on the CD-ROM.

XVIII
GEOGRAFIE, METEOROLOGIE
I MEDIU NCONJURTOR

GEOGRAPHY, METEOROLOGY
AND ENVIRONMENT
1
CUPRINS TABELE Pagina TABLES CONTENTS
Page

GEOGRAFIE I ORGANIZARE GEOGRAPHY AND ADMINISTRATIVE-


ADMINISTRATIV-TERITORIAL TERRITORIAL ORGANISATION

1.1 Poziia geografic a Romniei ..................................... 10 Geographical position of Romania


1.2 Lungimea frontierelor Romniei .................................. 11 Length of Romanias borders
1.3 Principalele altitudini muntoase ................................... 11 Major mountain peaks
1.4 Lungimea principalelor cursuri de ap de pe Length of major rivers
teritoriul Romniei ....................................................... 13 on Romanian territory
1.5 Principalele lacuri naturale .......................................... 14 Major natural lakes
1.6 Principalele lacuri antropice ........................................ 15 Major anthropic lakes
1.7 Altitudinea medie a principalelor orae din Romnia ... 16 Average height of major towns in Romania
1.8 Organizarea administrativ a teritoriului Romniei, Administrative organisation of Romanian territory,
la 31 decembrie 2015................................................... 17 on December 31, 2015

METEOROLOGIE METEOROLOGY

1.9 Temperatura aerului (media lunar i anual) ............ 18 Air temperature (monthly and yearly average)
1.10 Temperatura aerului (maxima absolut i Air temperature (monthly and yearly absolute
minima absolut lunar i anual) .............................. 20 maximum and absolute minimum)
1.11 Precipitaii atmosferice (cantitatea lunar i anual) ... 28 Precipitations (monthly and yearly quantity)

MEDIU NCONJURTOR ENVIRONMENT

Resurse naturale Natural resources


1.12 Ariile protejate, n anul 2015 ....................................... 30 Protected areas, in 2015
1.13 Rezervaii ale biosferei i zone umede de importan Biosphere reserves and wetlands of international
internaional, n anul 2015 ......................................... 30 importance, in 2015
1.14 Parcurile naionale i parcurile naturale, National and natural parks,
n anul 2015 ................................................................ 31 in 2015
1.15 Resursele de ap asigurate, potrivit Water resources assured, according to the
gradului de amenajare, n anul 2015 .......................... 32 arrangement level, in 2015

Calitatea factorilor de mediu Environment factors quality


1.16 Calitatea apelor de suprafa, n anul 2015 ................ 32 Surface waters quality, in 2015

Msuri de protecie a mediului Environment protection measures


1.17 Investiii pentru protecia mediului, n anul 2015 ......... 33 Investments for environment protection, in 2015
1.18 Cheltuieli curente interne pentru protecia mediului, Internal current expenditure for environment
n anul 2015 ................................................................ 34 protection, in 2015

SURSA DATELOR DATA SOURCE

Cercetri statistice: Statistical surveys:


 Cercetarea statistic privind cheltuielile pentru  Statistical survey on environment protection
protecia mediului, completat de operatorii expenditure, filled in by economic operators and
economici i unitile administraiei publice. public administration units.

2
Surse administrative: Administrative sources:
 Institutul de Geografie;  Institute of Geography;
 Inspectoratul General al Poliiei de Frontier din  General Inspectorate of Border Police within the
cadrul Ministerului Afacerilor Interne; Ministry of Internal Affairs;
 Administraia Naional de Meteorologie;  National Administration of Meteorology;
 Ministerul Mediului, Apelor i Pdurilor;  Ministry of Environment, Waters and Forest;
 Ministerul Finanelor Publice;  Ministry of Public Finances;
 Agenia Naional pentru Protecia Mediului;  National Agency for Environment Protection;
 Regia Naional a Pdurilor - ROMSILVA;  National Company of Forests - ROMSILVA;
 Administraia Naional Apele Romne;  National Administration Romanian Waters;
 Agenia Naional de Cadastru i Publicitate Imobiliar.  National Agency for Cadastre and Land Registration.

GEOGRAFIE I ORGANIZARE GEOGRAPHY AND ADMINISTRATIVE-


ADMINISTRATIV-TERITORIAL TERRITORIAL ORGANISATION

Prezentare Description

Romnia este situat n centrul geografic al Europei Romania is situated in the geographical centre of
(sud-estul Europei Centrale), la nord de Peninsula Europe (south-east of Central Europe), in the north of
Balcanic, la jumtatea distanei dintre Coasta the Balkan Peninsula, at half the distance between
Atlanticului i Munii Ural, n interiorul i exteriorul arcului Atlantic Coast and the Urals, inside and outside the
Munilor Carpai, pe cursul inferior al Dunrii (1075 km) Carpathians Arch, on the lower course of the Danube
i cu ieire la Marea Neagr. (1075 km) and has exit to the Black Sea.
De altfel, paralela 45N cu meridianul 25E se Otherwise, the 45N parallel with the 25E meridian
intersecteaz n apropiere de centrul geometric al rii, la intersects near the geometrical centre of the country,
100 km N-V de capitala rii, Bucureti. 100 km N-V of the country capital, Bucharest.
Ieirea la mare nlesnete legturile cu rile din The exit to the sea enables the connections with the
bazinul Mrii Negre, bazinul Mrii Mediterane i, prin countries in the Black Sea basin, in the Mediterranean
intermediul acesteia, cu restul lumii. Sea basin and, by means of this, rest of the world.
Litoralul romnesc al Mrii Negre se desfoar pe Romanian seaside of the Black Sea is lying on
245 km, ntre grla Musura (grania cu Ucraina) i 245 km, between Musura stream (at the border with Ukraine)
localitatea Vama Veche (grania cu Bulgaria). and Vama Veche locality (at the border with Bulgaria).
Relieful Romniei se compune din trei trepte Romania's relief consists of three major levels: the
majore: cea nalt a Munilor Carpai (cel mai nalt vrf highest one in the Carpathians (the highest peak
Moldoveanu 2544 m), cea medie care corespunde Moldoveanu 2544 m), the middle one which corresponds
Subcarpailor, dealurilor i podiurilor i cea joas, a to the Sub-Carpathians, to the hills and to the plateaus
cmpiilor, luncilor i Deltei Dunrii. Delta Dunrii, cea and the lowest one in plains, meadows and Danube
mai tnr unitate de relief, n continu formare, are Delta. The Danube Delta, the youngest relief unit under
altitudinea medie de 0,52 m. permanent formation, has the average height of 0.52 m.
Caracteristicile principale ale unitilor de relief sunt Main features of relief units are proportionality
proporionalitatea (31% muni, 36% dealuri i podiuri, (31% mountains, 36% hills and plateaus, 33% plains and
33% cmpii i lunci) i dispunerea concentric a treptelor meadows) and concentric display of the relief major
majore ale reliefului. levels.
Clima Romniei este temperat-continental de Romanias climate is temperate-continental of
tranziie, cu influene oceanice dinspre vest, transition, with oceanic influences from the West,
mediteraneene dinspre sud-vest i continental-excesive Mediterranean ones from South-West and continental-
din est. Temperatura medie multianual este difereniat excessive ones from the East. Multiannual average
latitudinal, respectiv 8C n nord i peste 11C n sud, i temperature is latitudinally different, 8C in the North and
altitudinal, cu valori de -2,5C n etajul montan over 11C in the South, and altitudinally, with values of
(Vrfu Omu - masivul Bucegi) i 11,6C n cmpie -2.5C in the mountain floor (Omu peak - Bucegi massif)
(oraul Zimnicea - judeul Teleorman). and 11.6C in the plain (Zimnicea town - Teleorman county).
Precipitaiile anuale scad n intensitate de la vest la Yearly precipitations decrease in intensity from west
est, respectiv de la peste 600 mm la mai puin de 500 mm to east, from over 600 mm to less 500 mm in the East
n Cmpia Romn de Est, sub 450 mm n Dobrogea i Romanian Plain, under 450 mm in Dobrogea and about

3
circa 350 mm pe litoral, pentru ca n regiunile muntoase 350 mm by seaside, in the mountainous areas they
s ajung la 1000-1500 mm. reach 1000-1500 mm.
Apele curgtoare ale Romniei sunt dispuse radial, Romanian running waters are radially displayed,
marea majoritate avnd izvoarele n Carpai. Principalul most of them having the springs in the Carpathians. Their
colector al acestora este fluviul Dunrea, care strbate main collector is the Danube river, which crosses the
ara n partea sudic pe o lungime de 1075 km i se country in the south on 1075 km length and flows into the
vars n Marea Neagr. Black Sea.
Lacurile sunt reprezentate prin lacuri naturale The lakes are represented by natural lakes
(numeroase tipuri genetice) rspndite n toate unitile (numerous genetic types) spread in all major units of
majore de relief, de la cele glaciare n etajul alpin (Lacul relief, from glacial ones in the alpine floor (Mioarelor
Mioarelor - Fgra la 2282 m) la limanele Lake - Fgra 2282 m) to river-maritime banks
fluvio-maritime (Lacul Techirghiol la 1,5 m) i prin lacuri (Techirghiol Lake at 1.5 m) and anthropic lakes, as well
antropice, de asemenea n toate unitile de relief. in all relief units.
Vegetaia este condiionat de relief i de The vegetation is determined by the relief and by
elementele pedo-climatice, ntlnindu-se o dispunere pedo-climatic elements, being displayed in floors.
etajat a acesteia. Regiunile montane sunt acoperite de Mountainous regions are covered by coniferous forests
pduri de conifere (ndeosebi molid), pduri de amestec (especially spruce fir), mixture forests (beech, fir-tree,
(fag, brad i molid) i pduri de fag. Pe culmile mai nalte spruce fir) and beech forests. Higher peaks are covered
se afl pajiti alpine i tufriuri de jneapn, ienupr, by alpine lawns and bushes of dwarf pine, juniper,
afin, merior i altele. bilberry, red bilberry a.s.o.
n regiunile de deal i de podi se ntlnesc pduri In the hills and plateaus regions there are broad-
de foioase n care predomin fagul, gorunul sau stejarul; leaved forests, prevailing beech, common oak or durmast
pe dealurile joase i cmpiile nalte, adesea, principalele oak; the main forest species often met on low hills and
specii care alctuiesc pdurile sunt cerul i grnia. high plains are Quercus cerris and Quercus frainetto.
Vegetaia de step i de silvostep, care ocupa ariile The steppe and silvosteppe vegetation, which
cu deficit de umiditate din Podiul Dobrogei, Cmpia covered the areas of low humidity in Dobrogea Plateau,
Romn, Podiul Moldovei, Cmpia Banatului i Romanian Plain, Moldova Plateau, Banat and Criana
Crianei, a fost, n cea mai mare parte, nlocuit prin Plain has been mostly replaced by agricultural crops.
culturi agricole.
Fauna Romniei este grupat pe areale difereniate Romania's fauna is grouped by different areals
n funcie de biotopul fiecrei specii. n etajul alpin apar according to each species biotype. Relict elements as
elemente relicte precum capra neagr i vulturul de black goat (chamois) and mountain vulture live in the
munte. n pdurile carpatine triesc diferite mamifere: alpine area. In the Carpathian forests live various
urs, cerb, rs, lup, mistre, cprior, veveri i un numr animals: bear, buck, lynx, wolf, wild boar, roebuck,
mare de specii de psri. n cteva regiuni muntoase se squirrel and several species of birds. In a few
mai pstreaz cocoul de munte i cocoul de mountainous areas both mountain cock and birch cock
mesteacn; n regiunile de deal i cmpie sunt are still met. In the hill and field areas there are hares,
rspndite: iepurele, crtia, ariciul, diferite psri, moles, hedgehogs, various birds, lizards, batrachia
oprle, batracieni etc.; pentru zonele de step sunt a.s.o.; rodent animals as gopher and hamster are
caracteristice roztoarele (popndul i hrciogul). characteristic for the steppe areas. Water fauna is
Fauna acvatic este reprezentat ndeosebi prin pstrv represented especially by trout in the mountainous
n apele de munte (lostria, mai rspndit n trecut, a waters (huck which was mostly spread in the past has
devenit destul de rar); clean i mrean n regiunile de become quite rare); dace and barbel in the hill region;
deal; crap, biban, tiuc, somn, caras n cele de cmpie carp, perch, pike, sheat fish, crucian in the field region
i Delta Dunrii; n apele marine teritoriale i pe Dunrea and Danube Delta; sturgeon species are also met in the
inferioar se ntlnesc i specii de sturioni. marine territorial waters and on the downstream Danube.
Resursele minerale utile ale Romniei sunt variate. Romania's useful minerals resources are various.
Printre principalele resurse minerale utile pot fi Among the main useful minerals resources we can
menionate: petrolul, cu vechi tradiii de exploatare; mention: crude oil, with old exploitation traditions; natural
gazele naturale; crbunii, n special huila cocsificabil, gas; coal, especially coking pitcoal, brown coal and
crbunele brun i lignitul; minereuri feroase i neferoase, lignite; ferrous and non-ferrous ores, gold, silver and
zcminte de aur, argint i de bauxit; rezerve mari de bauxite ore deposits; vast reserves of salt as well as
sare, precum i o serie de resurse nemetalifere. numerous non-metalliferrous resources. A special category

4
O categorie aparte a bogiilor de subsol o constituie of subsoil riches is constituted by over 2000 mineral
cele peste 2000 de izvoare de ape minerale, cu valene water springs, with consumption and medical treatments
pentru consum i tratamente medicale. valences.
ncepnd cu ediia 2016 a Anuarului Statistic, Starting with the 2016 edition of the Statistical
suprafaa Romniei, a judeelor i unitilor administrativ- Yearbook, the areas of Romania, of counties and
teritoriale este actualizat de ctre Agenia Naional de administrative-territorial units is updated by the National
Cadastru i Publicitate Imobiliar, pe baza Planului Agency for Cadastre and Land Registration, based on
Topografic de Referin al Romniei n format digital the Reference Topographic Plan of Romania in digital
(TopRo5), corespunztor scrii 1:5.000, n conformitate form (TopRo5), scale 1:5000, in accordance with the Law
cu prevederile Legii cadastrului i a publicitii imobiliare on cadastre and land registration No 7/1996, with
nr. 7/1996, cu modificrile i completrile ulterioare. subsequent amendments.
Teritoriul Romniei este mprit din punct de Romanian territory is divided from administrative
vedere administrativ n: sate, comune, orae, municipii viewpoint into: villages, communes, towns, municipalities
i judee. and counties.
Satul este cea mai mic unitate teritorial, avnd Village is the smallest territorial unit, having
caracteristicile aezrilor de tip rural. characteristics of rural settlements.
Comuna este unitatea administrativ-teritorial care Commune is a territorial-administrative unit which
cuprinde populaia rural unit prin comunitate de comprises rural population united by interest and
interese i tradiii, fiind alctuit din unul sau mai multe traditional community, including one or several villages
sate (din care unul este reedin de comun). (from which one is commune residence).
Oraul reprezint o concentrare uman cu o funcie Town represents a human concentration with
administrativ i un mod de via specific ariilor urbane administrative function and a life specific to urban areas
i o structur profesional a populaiei n care predomin and with a population professional structure where the
cea ocupat n ramurile neagricole. population employed in non-agricultural branches prevails.
Municipiul este un ora cu un rol economic, social, Municipality is a town, with an important economic,
politic i cultural nsemnat avnd, de regul, funcie social, political and cultural role, usually having
administrativ. administrative function.
Judeul reprezint unitatea administrativ-teritorial County represents traditional administrative-
tradiional n Romnia, alctuit din orae i comune, n territorial unit in Romania, including towns and
funcie de condiiile geografice, economice, social- communes, depending on geographical, economical and
politice i de legturile culturale i tradiionale ale social-political conditions and population cultural and
populaiei. Teritoriul Romniei este organizat n 42 de traditional relations. Romanian territory is organized into
judee (inclusiv Municipiul Bucureti). 42 counties (including Bucharest Municipality).
Ca uniti teritoriale (non-administrative) au fost As territorial (non-administrative) units, eight
create opt regiuni de dezvoltare, constituite prin regions of development were created, gathering
reuniunea mai multor judee. several counties.
Au fost create patru macroregiuni, care nu sunt Four macroregions were created, which are not
uniti administrativ-teritoriale i nu au personalitate administrative territorial units and have no legal entity,
juridic; sunt constituite pentru a asigura colectarea, they are constituted to assure the collection, compilation
elaborarea i difuzarea statisticilor regionale armonizate la and transmission of harmonised regional statistics at
nivelul Uniunii Europene. European Union level.
Oraele principale: Bucureti, Timioara, Iai, Main cities: Bucharest, Timioara, Iai, Cluj-Napoca,
Cluj-Napoca, Constana, Craiova, Galai, Braov, Constana, Craiova, Galai, Braov, Ploieti, Brila,
Ploieti, Brila, Oradea, Bacu, Piteti, Arad, Sibiu. Oradea, Bacu, Piteti, Arad, Sibiu.
Porturile principale: Main harbours:
la Marea Neagr: Constana, Mangalia; at the Black Sea: Constana, Mangalia;
la Dunre: Moldova Nou, Orova, Drobeta-Turnu at the Danube: Moldova Nou, Orova, Drobeta-Turnu
Severin, Calafat, Corabia, Turnu Mgurele, Zimnicea, Severin, Calafat, Corabia, Turnu Mgurele,
Giurgiu, Oltenia, Clrai, Cernavod, Hrova, Zimnicea, Giurgiu, Oltenia, Clrai, Cernavod,
Mcin, Brila, Galai, Tulcea, Sulina. Hrova, Mcin, Brila, Galai, Tulcea, Sulina.
Aeroporturile principale: Bucureti (Henri Coand - Main airports: Bucharest (Henri Coand -
Otopeni i Aurel Vlaicu - Bneasa), Constana (Mihail Otopeni and Aurel Vlaicu - Bneasa), Constana
Koglniceanu), Timioara (Traian Vuia), Cluj-Napoca, (Mihail Koglniceanu), Timioara (Traian Vuia),

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Iai, Craiova, Arad, Bacu, Baia Mare, Oradea, Satu Mare, Cluj-Napoca, Iai, Craiova, Arad, Bacu, Baia Mare,
Sibiu, Suceava, Trgu Mure, Tulcea. Oradea, Satu Mare, Sibiu, Suceava, Trgu Mure, Tulcea.
Capitala: Municipiul Bucureti (1849038 locuitori The capital: Bucharest Municipality (1849038
- date provizorii - populaie rezident la 1 iulie 2015, inhabitants - provisional data - the usual resident population
estimat n condiii de comparabilitate cu rezultatele on July 1, 2015 was used, estimated under the conditions of
definitive ale Recensmntului Populaiei i al comparability with the final results of the Population and
Locuinelor - 2011), mprit n ase sectoare Housing Census - 2011), organised into six administrative
administrative. Prima menionare documentar dateaz sectors. The first documentary mention was on 20.IX.1459,
din 20.IX.1459, ca reedin a lui Vlad epe. Capital a as residence of Vlad epe. Capital of ara Romneasc
rii Romneti ncepnd din a doua jumtate a secolului since the second half of the XVII th century and Capital of
al XVII-lea i Capitala Romniei, din anul 1862, municipiul Romania since 1862, Bucharest Municipality is the most
Bucureti este cel mai important centru politic, economic i important political, economic and cultural-scientific center of
cultural-tiinific al rii. the country.
Limba oficial: limba romn. Official language: Romanian.
Drapelul Romniei este tricolor; culorile sunt Flag of Romania: is three - coloured; the colours
aezate vertical n ordinea urmtoare, ncepnd de la are placed vertically in the following order from the
lance: albastru, galben, rou. lance: blue, yellow, red.
Ziua naional a Romniei: 1 Decembrie. National day of Romania: December, 1st.
Imnul naional al Romniei este Deteapt-te National anthem of Romania is Wake up,
romne. Romanian.
Forma de guvernmnt a Romniei este republica: Government form in Romania is the republic:
Republic, conform Constituiei adoptate n 1991 i Republic, according to the Constitution adopted in
modificat n 2003; 1991 and modified in 2003;
Puterea legislativ este reprezentat de un Legislative power is represented by two chamber
parlament bicameral (Camera Deputailor i Parliament (Chamber of Deputies and Senate), and
Senatul), iar puterea executiv este exercitat de executive power is carried out by Government led
Guvern, condus de un prim-ministru desemnat de by Prime Minister appointed by the countrys
preedintele rii; President;
Preedintele rii este ales n baza rezultatelor President of the country is elected based on
alegerilor generale prin scrutin universal pentru un general elections results by universal vote for a
mandat de 5 ani. 5 years mandate.
Moneda naional: Leu, cu subdiviziunea ban. National currency: Leu, with ban as subdivision.
Cursul monedei naionale este stabilit zilnic pe piaa The exchange rate is set on the interbank currency
valutar interbancar, moneda de referin fiind euro. market on a daily basis, reference currency being euro.

PRECIZRI METODOLOGICE METHODOLOGICAL NOTES

METEOROLOGIE METEOROLOGY

Cercetarea proceselor i fenomenelor fizice din The research on physical processes and phenomena
atmosfera terestr, care determin starea timpului i in the terrestrial atmosphere, which determine the weather
clima, are la baz msurtorile i observaiile and the climate, relies on the meteorological measurements
meteorologice ce se efectueaz permanent sau periodic and observations, permanently or periodically carried out in
n diferite puncte de pe suprafaa globului terestru i la different points on the terrestrial globe surface and at
diferite nlimi n atmosfera liber. Programul unitar al various altitudes in the free atmosphere. The unitary
msurtorilor i observaiilor, precum i alte activiti programme of measurements and observations, as well as
meteorologice se asigur prin colaborare other meteorological activities are assured by international
internaional, n cadrul Administraiei Naionale de co-operation within National Administration of Meteorology,
Meteorologie, cu Organizaia Meteorologic Mondial. with the World Meteorology Organisation.
Staia meteorologic reprezint punctul de pe The meteorological station represents the point
suprafaa terestr unde se efectueaz observaii i from the terrestrial surface, where measurements and
msurtori asupra tuturor elementelor i fenomenelor observations on all meteorological elements and

6
meteorologice, conform programului stabilit. Majoritatea phenomena are carried out in keeping with the
observaiilor, msurtorilor i determinrilor programme. Most of meteorological observations,
meteorologice de la staii se efectueaz pe platforma measurements and determinations from the stations are
meteorologic situat pe un teren deschis, tipic pentru performed on the meteorological area situated on an
regiunea respectiv, cu dimensionarea standard de open land, typical for the respective region, with the
26 m x 26 m. standard dimension of 26 m x 26 m.
Pentru cercetarea proceselor i fenomenelor In order to observe the atmospheric processes and
atmosferice i pentru calculul diferiilor parametri phenomena and to compute various meteorological and
meteorologici i climatici, este necesar raportarea climatic parameters, it is necessary to report
observaiilor i msurtorilor, care se realizeaz att n observations and measurements, carried out both in
spaiu, ct i n timp. space and over time.
Programul climatologic reprezint complexul The climatic programme represents the complex of
observaiilor i msurtorilor meteorologice ce se meteorological observations and measurements
execut la staii, dup timpul solar mediu local, att la performed at stations, according to the local average solar
termenele fixe, ct i continuu n 24 de ore. Permanent, time, both at fixed deadlines and continuously during
la termenele climatologice (1, 7, 13, 19 timp solar mediu 24 hours. Permanently, at the climatic deadlines (1, 7, 13,
local) se efectueaz observaii i msurtori asupra: 19 local average solar time), the observations and
presiunii atmosferice, vntului, temperaturii i umezelii measurements are done for: atmospheric pressure, wind,
aerului, temperaturii suprafeei solului, nebulozitii, air temperature and humidity, ground surface temperature,
precipitaiilor, vizibilitii orizontale. Continuu, n tot cursul cloudiness, precipitations, horizontal visibility.
zilei i nopii se determin caracteristicile tuturor Continuously, during all day and night, the characteristics
fenomenelor meteorologice (hidrometeori, litometeori, of all meteorological phenomena (hydrometeors,
electrometeori etc.). litometeors, electrometeors a.s.o.) are determined.
Observaiile asupra temperaturii aerului constau Air temperature observations consist of air
n msurarea temperaturii aerului la termenele stabilite i temperature measurement at the observation deadlines
n determinarea valorilor maxime i minime ale acesteia and of determining its maximum and minimum values,
n intervalele de timp dintre aceste termene. during the intervals between the climatic observation
deadlines.
Temperatura aerului se msoar cu instrumente cu Air temperature is measured with direct reading
citire direct, psihrometrul cu ventilaie artificial, instruments, the psychrometer with artificial ventilation,
termometrul de maxim cu mercur i termometrul de the thermometer of maximum with mercury and the
minim cu alcool i cu aparate nregistratoare thermometer of minimum with alcohol and with recording
(termografe). Pentru ca instrumentele cu care se apparatus (thermographs). In view to ensure that the
msoar temperatura i umezeala aerului s nu fie instruments for measuring air temperature and humidity
influenate direct de radiaia solar, de radiaia terestr, are not directly influenced by the solar, terrestrial
de precipitaii i de rafalele vntului, ele se instaleaz n radiation, by precipitations and by wind gusts, they
adpostul meteorologic situat la 2 m nlime deasupra should be placed in the meteorological shelter situated at
solului. 2 meters high above the ground.
Msurarea cantitilor de ap ce provin din The measurement of water quantities coming
precipitaii atmosferice sau care se depun din ali from atmospheric precipitations or deposited by other
hidrometeori se efectueaz cu ajutorul pluviometrului, iar hydrometeors is carried out by means of pluviometer and
nregistrarea continu a precipitaiilor (lichide) se face cu the continuous recording of precipitations (liquids) is
pluviograful. Cantitile de ap se msoar zilnic la performed with the pluviograph. Water quantities are
termenele climatologice (1, 7, 13, 19) i se exprim prin daily measured at climatic deadlines (1, 7, 13, 19) and
grosimea stratului de ap czut, n mm (1mm=1l / m2). they are expressed by the thickness of the fallen water
layer, in mm (1mm=1l / m 2).

MEDIU NCONJURTOR ENVIRONMENT

Resursele de ap reprezint potenialul hidrologic Water resources represent the hydrological


format din apele de suprafa i subterane n regim potential consisting of the superficial and underground
natural i amenajat, inventariate la nceputul anului, din waters, under natural and arranged conditions, registered
care se asigur alimentarea diverselor folosine. at the beginning of the year, of which the utilities are fed.

7
Ariile naturale protejate, conform O.U.G. Natural protected areas, according to G.P.O.
nr. 57/2007, reprezint zone terestre, acvatice i/sau No 57/2007, represents terrestrial, aquatic and/or
subterane, cu perimetrul legal stabilit i avnd un regim underground areas, with legally settled perimeter and
special de ocrotire i conservare, n care exist specii de with a special protection and preservation regime, where
plante i animale slbatice, elemente i formaiuni wild plants and animal species, bio-geographic elements
biogeografice sau de alt natur, cu valoare ecologic, and formations or of other nature, with special ecological,
tiinific sau cultural deosebit i cuprind: scientific or cultural value exist and include:
rezervaii ale biosferei - arii naturale protejate al biosphere reserves - protected natural areas whose
cror scop este protecia i conservarea unor zone purpose is the protection and preservation of a natural
de habitat natural i a diversitii biologice specifice; habitat areas and of specific biologic diversity;
parcuri naionale - arii naturale protejate al cror national parks - natural protected areas whose
scop este protecia i conservarea unor eantioane purpose is the protection and preservation
reprezentative pentru spaiul biogeografic naional; of representative samples for the national
bio-geographic space;
parcuri naturale - arii naturale protejate al cror natural parks - natural protected areas whose
scop este protecia i conservarea unor ansambluri purpose is the protection and preservation of
peisagistice n care interaciunea activitilor umane landscape piles in which human activities
cu natura de-a lungul timpului a creat o zon interactions in time created a distinct area, with
distinct, cu valoare semnificativ peisagistic i/sau landscape and/or cultural significant value, often
cultural, deseori cu o mare diversitate biologic; with a great biological diversity;
rezervaii tiinifice - arii naturale protejate al cror scientific reserves - natural protected areas whose
scop este protecia i conservarea unor habitate purpose is the protection and preservation of
naturale terestre i/sau acvatice, cuprinznd terrestrial and/or aquatic natural habitats, including
elemente reprezentative de interes tiinific; representative elements of scientific interest;
rezervaii naturale - arii naturale protejate al cror natural reserves - natural protected areas whose
scop este protecia i conservarea unor habitate i purpose is the protection and preservation of
specii naturale importante sub aspect floristic, important natural habitats and species from flora,
faunistic, forestier, hidrologic, geologic, speologic, fauna, forestry, hydrological, geological, speological,
paleontologic, pedologic; paleontological, pedological point of view;
monumente ale naturii - arii naturale protejate al natural monuments - natural protected areas
cror scop este protecia i conservarea unor whose purpose is the protection and preservation of
elemente naturale cu valoare i semnificaie natural elements and of ecological, scientific,
ecologic, tiinific, peisagistic deosebite; landscape special significance;
zone umede de importan internaional sunt humid areas of international importance are
acele arii naturale protejate al cror scop este those protected natural areas whose purpose is to
asigurarea proteciei i conservrii siturilor naturale ensure the protection and preservation of the natural
cu diversitate biologic specific zonelor umede; sites with a wetland-specific biological diversity;
arii de protecie special avifaunistic sunt acele arii avifauna special protection areas are those
naturale protejate ale cror scopuri sunt conservarea, protected natural areas whose purpose is the
meninerea, i acolo unde este cazul, readucerea preservation, maintenance and where necessary
ntr-o stare de conservare favorabil a speciilor de the conservative rehabilitation of the bird species
psri i a habitatelor specifice, desemnate pentru and specific habitats designated for wild migratory
protecia speciilor de psri migratoare slbatice; bird species protection;
situri de importan comunitar reprezint acele arii sites of Community interest reprezent areas
care, n regiunile biogeografice n care exist, located in biogeographical regions, contributing
contribuie semnificativ la meninerea sau restaurarea la significantly to the maintenance or restoration to a
o stare de conservare favorabil a habitatelor naturale. favourable preservation state of the natural habitats.
Evaluarea calitii apelor de suprafa const n The evaluation of the superficial waters
monitorizarea parametrilor biologici hidromorfologici, quality is carried out by monitoring the biological
fizico-chimici, a poluanilor prioritari sau a altor poluani hidro - morfological parameters, physico - chemical,
evacuai n cantiti importante. the prioritary pollution agents or other pollution
agents evacuated in important quantities.
Potrivit Legii nr. 310/2004, anexa 11, se disting According to Law No 310/2004, annex 11, 5 quality
5 clase de calitate, definite astfel: classes are distinguished, defined as follows:

8
clasa de calitate I - stare foarte bun - nu exist the first quality class - very good state - no
alterri (sau sunt foarte mici) ale valorilor alterations (or very few) of physico-chemical and
elementelor fizico-chimice i hidromorfologice de hydro-morfological quality elements value exist for
calitate pentru tipul de corpuri de ap de suprafa the type of superficial waters bodies as against
fa de cele asociate n mod normal cu acel tip n those normally associated with specific type in
condiii nemodificate; unchanged conditions;
clasa de calitate II - stare bun - valorile the second quality class - good state - biological
elementelor biologice de calitate pentru tipul de corp quality elements values for superficial water body
de ap de suprafa prezint nivele sczute de type presents low levels of change because of
schimbare datorit activitilor umane, dar deviaz human activity, but it slightly deviate as against those
uor fa de acele valori normale asociate cu tipul de normal values associated with superficial water
corpuri de ap de suprafa n condiii nemodificate; bodies type in unchanged conditions;
clasa de calitate III - stare moderat - valorile the third quality class - moderate state - biological
elementelor biologice de calitate pentru tipul de corp quality elements values for superficial water body
de ap de suprafa deviaz moderat fa de acelea type moderately deviates as against those which are
care sunt n mod normal asociate cu tipul de corp de normally associated with superficial water body type
ap de suprafa n condiii nemodificate. Valorile in unchanged conditions. These values presents
prezint semne moderate de perturbare ca urmare a moderate perturbation signs because of human
activitilor umane i sunt esenial perturbate fa de activities and are essentially perturbated as against
valorile din condiiile de stare bun; the good state conditions values;
clasa de calitate IV - slab - prezint dovezi de the fourth quality class - poor - presents major
alterri majore ale valorilor elementelor biologice de alteration proofs of the biological quality elements
calitate pentru tipul de corpuri de ape de suprafa i values for superficial water bodies type in which
n care comunitile biologice importante deviaz important biological communities significantly
semnificativ de la valorile normale asociate cu tipul deviates from the normal values associated with
de corpuri de ap de suprafa n condiii superficial water bodies type in unchanged
nemodificate; conditions;
clasa de calitate V - proast - prezint dovezi de the fifth quality class - bad - presents major
alterri majore ale valorilor elementelor biologice de alteration proofs of the biological quality elements
calitate pentru tipul de corpuri de ape de suprafa i values for superficials water bodies type and in
n care pri mari din comunitile biologice which big parts from important biological
importante care sunt n mod normal asociate cu tipul communities which are normally associated with
de corpuri de ap de suprafa n condiii superficial water bodies type in unchanged
nemodificate, sunt absente. conditions are absent.
Cheltuielile pentru protecia mediului includ Environment protection expenditure include
investiiile i cheltuielile curente interne pentru investments and internal current expenditure for carrying
desfurarea activitilor de supraveghere i protecie a out the activities of environment observation and
mediului, i care se refer la prevenirea sau repararea protection and refer to environment damages prevention
pagubelor aduse acestuia. or repair.
Investiiile pentru protecia mediului includ Investments for environment protection include
cheltuielile efectuate pentru lucrri de construcii, de the expenditure made for construction, installations and
instalaii i de montaj, pentru achiziionarea de utilaje, building works, for equipment, transport means
mijloace de transport, alte cheltuieli destinate crerii de purchasing, other expenditure meant to create new fixed
noi mijloace fixe pentru dezvoltarea, modernizarea, assets for the development, modernization,
reconstrucia celor existente, cu scopul de protecie a reconstruction of the already existent ones, having the
mediului. Ele includ, de asemenea, valoarea serviciilor purpose of environment protection. They also include the
legate de transferul de proprieti al mijloacelor fixe value of services related to existent fixed assets and land
existente i al terenurilor (taxe, materiale, comisioane, ownership transfer (taxes, materials, commissions,
cheltuieli de transport de ncrcare - descrcare). loading-unloading transport expenditure).
Cheltuieli curente interne pentru protecia mediului Current internal expenditure for environment
nsumeaz cheltuielile efectuate pentru operarea, protection are made of the expenditure for operating,
repararea i ntreinerea instalaiilor i utilajelor pentru repairs and maintenance of installations and equipment
protecia mediului de ctre personalul ntreprinderii. Ele for environment protection by enterprise staff. They
includ salariile i impozitele aferente i cheltuielile include salaries and taxes and material expenditure (raw

9
materiale (materii prime, materiale, combustibili, energie, materials, materials, fuels, energy, water a.s.o.). The
ap etc.). Cheltuielile curente interne nu includ cheltuielile current internal expenditure do not include
pentru achiziionarea de servicii de mediu de la teri. environmental services purchased from thirds.
Categoriile de productori de servicii pentru Categories of service producers for environment
protecia mediului sunt: protection are:
productorii nespecializai - uniti care execut o non-specialised producers - units carrying out an
activitate de protecia mediului ca activitate secundar activity of environment protection as their
sau auxiliar la o activitate principal. Activitatea secondary or auxiliary activity. Their main activity is
principal nu este una de protecia mediului. Aceste not the environment protection. These units are
uniti se regsesc n sectorul producie (CAEN Rev.2, found in the sector of production (CANE Rev. 2,
diviziunile: 02; 0536; 41; 42; 43; 49; 50; 51); divisions: 02; 0536; 41; 42; 43; 49; 50; 51);
productorii specializai - uniti care execut specialised producers - units carrying out an activity
activiti de protecia mediului ca activitate principal, of environment protection as their main activity,
conform CAEN Rev.2, diviziunile: 37; 38; 39 i clasa according to CANE Rev.2, divisions: 37; 38; 39 and
4677; 4677 class;
administraia public - toate unitile administraiei public administration - local and central units of
publice locale i centrale a cror producie de public administration whose non-market production
servicii de protecia mediului non-pia este of environment protection services is meant for
destinat consumului individual i colectiv individual and collective consumption (CANE Rev.2,
(CAEN Rev.2, clasa 8411). 8411 class).
Activitile specifice de protecia mediului sunt Specific activities of environment protection are
grupate dup domeniile de mediu, astfel: grouped by environmental domains, as follows:
prevenirea i combaterea polurii (protecia pollution prevention and reduction (air protection,
aerului, protecia apei, managementul deeurilor, water protection, wastes management, soil and
protecia solului i a apelor subterane); underground waters protection);
protecia resurselor naturale i conservarea natural resources protection and biodiversity
biodiversitii (protecia speciilor, arii protejate, preservation (species protection, protected areas,
remediere i reconstrucie ecologic, refacerea ecological remedy and reconstruction, aquatic
mediului acvatic, prevenirea fenomenelor naturale environment restoration, prevention of dangerous
periculoase); natural phenomena);
alte domenii (cercetare-dezvoltare, administrare other domains (research-development, environment
general a mediului, reducerea zgomotului i a general administration, noise and vibrations
vibraiilor, protecia mpotriva radiaiilor, educaie, reduction, protection against radiation, education,
instruire, informare). training, looking for information).

Poziia geografic a Romniei


1.1 Geographical position of Romania

Punctul extrem (localitatea) Judeul Longitudinea estic1) Latitudinea nordic


Extreme point (locality) County Longitude east1) Latitude north

Nord Satul Horoditea Botoani 26o42'05'' 48o15'06''


North Horoditea village
Sud Oraul Zimnicea Teleorman 25o23'32'' 43o37'07''
South Zimnicea town
Est Oraul Sulina Tulcea 29o41'24'' 45o09'36''
East Sulina town
Vest Comuna Beba Veche Timi 20o15'44'' 46o07'27''
West Beba Veche commune

1) Dup Greenwich. / According to Greenwich.


Sursa: Institutul de Geografie.
Source: Institute of Geography.

10
Lungimea frontierelor Romniei
1.2 Length of Romanias borders
km
Lungimea frontierelor / Border length

Total Terestr Fluvial Maritim


Total Land River Sea

Total granie 3149,9 1085,6 1816,9 247,4 Total borders

Bulgaria 631,3 139,1 470,0 22,2 Bulgaria


Republica Moldova 681,3 - 681,3 - Republic of Moldova
Serbia 546,4 256,8 289,6 - Serbia
Ucraina 649,4 273,8 343,9 31,7 Ukraine
Ungaria 448,0 415,9 32,1 - Hungary
Marea Neagr 193,5 - - 193,5 Black Sea

Not: Lungimile frontierelor sunt oficializate numai cu Serbia i Ungaria, celelalte frontiere fiind calculate unilateral.
Note: Lengths of borders are official only with Serbia and Hungary, the other borders being unilaterally calculated.
Sursa: Institutul de Geografie;
Inspectoratul General al Poliiei de Frontier din cadrul Ministerului Afacerilor Interne.
Source: Institute of Geography;
General Inspectorate of Border Police within the Ministry of Internal Affairs.

Principalele altitudini muntoase


1.3 Major mountain peaks

Denumirea vrfului muntos Denumirea masivului muntos Judeul Altitudinea vrfului (m)
Name of peak Name of massif County Height (m)

Moldoveanu Fgra Arge 2544


Negoiu Fgra Arge, Braov, Sibiu 2535
Parngu Mare Parng Gorj, Hunedoara 2519
Peleaga Retezat Hunedoara 2509
Omu Bucegi Prahova, Braov, Dmbovia 2505
Retezat Retezat Hunedoara 2482
Iezerul Mare Iezer Arge 2462
Ppua Iezer Arge 2391
Pietrosu Rodna Maramure 2303
Gugu Godeanu Cara-Severin, Hunedoara 2291
Suru Fgra Sibiu, Vlcea 2283
Ineu Rodna Bistria-Nsud 2279
Cindrel Cindrel Sibiu 2244
tefleti Lotru Sibiu, Vlcea 2242
La Om (Piscul Baciului) Piatra Craiului Braov 2238
Godeanu Godeanu Cara-Severin, Gorj 2229
Cleanu arcu Cara-Severin 2190
arcu arcu Cara-Severin 2190
Leaota Leaota Dmbovia, Arge 2133
Vrful lui Ptru ureanu Hunedoara 2130
Ursu Cpnii Vlcea 2124
Pietrosu Climan Suceava, Mure 2100

Sursa: Institutul de Geografie.


Source: Institute of Geography.

11
Principalele altitudini muntoase - continuare
1.3 Major mountain peaks - continued

Denumirea vrfului muntos Denumirea masivului muntos Judeul Altitudinea vrfului (m)
Name of peak Name of massif County Height (m)

ureanu ureanu Hunedoara 2059


Farcu Maramure Maramure 1956
Ciuca Ciuca Braov, Prahova 1954
Toroiaga Maramure Maramure 1930
Ocolau Mare Ceahlu Neam 1907
Toaca Ceahlu Neam 1900
Straja Vlcan Gorj, Hunedoara 1868
Budacu Bistria Neam, Suceava 1859
Giumalu Giumalu Suceava 1857
Cucurbta Mare Bihor Bihor, Alba 1849
ible ible Maramure, Bistria-Nsud 1839
Vldeasa Vldeasa Cluj 1836
Muntele Mare Muntele Mare Alba, Cluj 1826
Harghita Harghita Harghita 1800
Hmau Mare Hma Harghita, Neam 1792
Pietrosu Bistria Suceava 1791
Goru Vrancea Buzu, Vrancea 1785
Lcu Vrancea Covasna, Vrancea 1777
Saca Gurghiu Mure 1776
Penteleu Penteleu Buzu 1772
Vlacu Mic Munii Cernei Cara-Severin 1733
Cozia Cozia Vlcea 1668
Grindu Tarcu Bacu 1664
Raru Raru Suceava 1651
Nemira Nemira Bacu 1649
Lucina Obcina Mestecni Suceava 1588
Cucu Harghita Harghita, Covasna 1558
Bivolu Stnioara Neam 1530
Pacanu Obcina Feredeu Suceava 1479
Vrful lui Stan Mehedini Mehedini 1466
Piatra Goznei Semenic Cara-Severin 1447
Guti Guti Maramure 1443
Poienia Munii Metaliferi Alba 1437
Pade Poiana Rusc Timi, Cara-Severin 1374
Dmbu Trascu Alba 1369
Igni Igni Maramure 1307
Ciomatu Harghita Harghita 1301
Detunata Munii Metaliferi Alba 1258
Svinecea Mare Almj Cara-Severin 1223
Leordi Munii Aninei Cara-Severin 1160
Pleu Codru Moma Arad, Bihor 1112
Vrful Cetii Perani Braov 1104
Mgura Priei Mese Slaj 996
Drocea Zarand Arad 836
uuiatu Mcin Tulcea 467

Sursa: Institutul de Geografie.


Source: Institute of Geography.

12
Lungimea principalelor cursuri de ap de pe teritoriul Romniei
1.4 Length of major rivers on Romanian territory

Denumirea cursului de ap Lungimea cursului de ap (km) Suprafaa bazinului (km2)


River name Length of the river (km) Basin area (km2)

Dunre 1075 332501)


Mure 761 27890
Prut 742 10990
Olt 615 24050
Siret 559 42890
Ialomia 417 10350
Some 376 15740
Arge 350 12550
Jiu 339 10080
Buzu 302 5264
Dmbovia 286 2824
Bistria 283 7039
Jijia 275 5757
Trnave 246 6253
Trnava Mare 223 3666
Timi 244 5673
Criul Alb 234 4240
Vedea 224 5430
Moldova 213 4299
Brlad 207 7220
Trnava Mic 196 2071
Prahova 193 3738
Neajlov 186 3720
Olte 185 2663
Someul Mic 178 3773
Suceava 173 2298
Bega 170 2362
Arie 166 3005
Trotu 162 4456

1) Fr afluenii care formeaz bazine de ordinul 1. / Excluding the tributaries which form the first degree basins.
Sursa: Institutul de Geografie.
Source: Institute of Geography.

13
1.5 Principalele lacuri naturale
Major natural lakes

Denumirea lacului natural Judeul Suprafaa (ha) Volum (mil. m3)


Natural lake name County Area (ha) Volume (mill. m3)

Lacuri n circuri glaciare / Lakes of glacial circuses


Bucura Hunedoara 10,5 0,5
Znoaga Mare Hunedoara 9,0 1,0
Blea Sibiu 4,7 0,2
Clcescu Gorj 3,0 0,1
Lacuri n cratere vulcanice / Lakes of volcanic crater
Sfnta Ana Harghita 22,0 0,6
Lacuri n depresiuni carstice / Lakes of karstic depressions
Zton Mehedini 20,0 1,0
Iezerul Ighiu Alba 5,3 0,2
Vintileasca Vrancea 4,7 0,1
Lacuri de baraj natural / Lakes of natural barrage
Lacul Rou Harghita 12,6 0,7
Bltu Bacu 6,0 0,1
Lacuri n crovuri (depresiuni de tasare) / Clasto-karstic lakes
Ianca Brila 322,0 1,6
Movila Miresii Brila 180,0 4,5
Lacul Srat-Brila Brila 39,0 0,2
Limane fluviatile / River banks
Oltina Constana 2509,0 60,0
Iezerul Mostitei Clrai 1860,0 160,01)
Balta Alb Buzu, Brila 1012,0 5,1
Jirlu Brila 890,0 5,6
Amara-Buzu Buzu 600,0 3,6
Snagov Ilfov 575,0 17,3
Cldruani Ilfov 224,0 4,5
Hazarlc Constana 168,0 0,8
Amara-Ialomia Ialomia 132,0 2,6
Limane fluvio-maritime / River - maritime banks
Taaul Constana 2335,0 57,0
Techirghiol Constana 1161,0 41,8
Mangalia Constana 261,0 15,7
Tatlageac Constana 178,0 14,0
Lagune marine / Maritime lagoons
Razim Tulcea 41500,0 909,0
Sinoie Constana 17150,0 210,7
Zmeica Tulcea 5460,0 45,6
Siutghiol Constana 1900,0 88,7
Lacuri de lunc / River meadow lakes
Brate Galai 2111,0 30,0
Bistre Dolj 1867,0 28,0
Suhaia Teleorman 1094,0 18,0
Lacul Rotund Tulcea 219,0 2,0
Lacuri din Delta Dunrii / Danube Delta lakes
Dranov Tulcea 2170,0 21,7
Lacul Rou Tulcea 1445,0 21,7
Gorgova Tulcea 1377,5 13,8
Lumina Tulcea 1367,5 20,5
Merhei Tulcea 1057,5 15,9
Furtuna Tulcea 977,5 9,8
Matia Tulcea 652,5 9,8

1) Volum rezultat din lucrrile de amenajare pentru irigaii. / Volume resulted from planning works for irrigations.
Sursa: Institutul de Geografie.
Source: Institute of Geography.

14
Principalele lacuri antropice
1.6 Major anthropic lakes

Denumirea Suprafaa la nivel Volumul la nivel normal


lacului antropic Judeul normal de retenie (ha) de retenie (mil. m3) Categoria de folosin
Anthropic lake name County Area at normal level Volume at normal level Category of use
of afflux (ha) of afflux (mill. m3)

Porile de Fier Mehedini 70000,01) 2400,0 energie / energy


Ostrovu Mare Mehedini 7920,0 800,0 energie / energy
Stnca-Costeti Botoani 5900,0 735,0 complex / complex
Izvorul Muntelui-Bicaz Neam 3100,0 1130,0 energie / energy
Strejeti Olt 2204,0 202,7 energie / energy
Ipoteti Olt 1692,0 110,0 energie / energy
Frunzaru Olt 1280,0 96,0 energie / energy
Izbiceni Olt 1095,0 74,0 energie / energy
Drgneti Olt 1080,0 76,0 energie / energy
Mihileti Ilfov 1013,0 76,3 complex / complex
Vidra Vlcea 950,0 340,0 energie / energy
Fntnele Cluj 884,0 212,9 energie / energy
Vidraru Arge 870,0 469,0 complex / complex
Drcani Botoani 500,0 6,1 piscicultur / fish breeding
Soleti Vaslui 452,0 15,8 complex / complex
Oaa Alba 447,0 131,0 energie / energy
Gura Apelor Hunedoara 420,0 210,0 energie / energy
Clineti Satu Mare 380,0 8,6 complex / complex
Siriu Buzu 360,0 126,0 complex / complex
Iovanu Gorj 290,0 120,0 complex / complex
Colibia Bistria-Nsud 270,0 65,0 complex / complex
Lacul Morii Municipiul Bucureti 256,0 14,2 complex / complex
Vcreti Dmbovia 234,0 14,1 complex / complex
Brdior Vlcea 230,0 38,0 complex / complex
Pucai Vaslui 230,0 8,0 complex / complex
Tarnia Cluj 215,0 70,3 energie / energy
Pecineagu Dmbovia 182,0 63,0 complex / complex

1) ntre confluena Nera-Dunre i baraj (dup datele celor dou hidrocentrale).


Nera-Danube and dam confluence (according to the data of the two hydro-power stations).
Sursa: Institutul de Geografie.
Source: Institute of Geography.

15
Altitudinea medie a principalelor orae din Romnia
1.7 Average height of major towns in Romania

Oraul Judeul Altitudinea medie (m)


Town County Average height (m)

Alba lulia Alba 235


Alexandria Teleorman 45
Arad Arad 107
Bacu Bacu 165
Baia Mare Maramure 225
Bistria Bistria-Nsud 360
Brlad Vaslui 90
Botoani Botoani 130
Braov Braov 625
Brila Brila 20
Bucureti / Bucharest - 85
Buzu Buzu 95
Clrai Clrai 13
Cluj - Napoca Cluj 360
Constana Constana 25
Craiova Dolj 100
Dej Cluj 285
Deva Hunedoara 220
Drobeta-Turnu Severin Mehedini 65
Fgra Braov 430
Focani Vrancea 55
Galai Galai 35
Giurgiu Giurgiu 23
Hunedoara Hunedoara 245
Iai Iai 95
Lugoj Timi 120
Media Sibiu 330
Miercurea Ciuc Harghita 665
Odorheiu Secuiesc Harghita 490
Oneti Bacu 210
Oradea Bihor 125
Petroani Hunedoara 650
Piatra Neam Neam 345
Piteti Arge 287
Ploieti Prahova 150
Reia Cara-Severin 245
Rmnicu Vlcea Vlcea 250
Roman Neam 195
Satu Mare Satu Mare 123
Sfntu Gheorghe Covasna 555
Sibiu Sibiu 415
Sighetu Marmaiei Maramure 270
Sighioara Mure 375
Slatina Olt 135
Slobozia Ialomia 35
Suceava Suceava 325
Tecuci Galai 50
Timioara Timi 90
Trgovite Dmbovia 280
Trgu Jiu Gorj 205
Trgu Mure Mure 330
Tulcea Tulcea 30
Turda Cluj 330
Turnu Mgurele Teleorman 23
Vaslui Vaslui 110
Zalu Slaj 275

Not: Oraul situat la cea mai mare altitudine medie este Predeal (judeul Braov) - 1060 m.
Oraul situat la cea mai mic altitudine medie este Sulina (judeul Tulcea) - 4 m.
Note: The town situated at the highest average height is Predeal (Braov county) - 1060 m.
The town situated at the lowest average height is Sulina (Tulcea county) - 4 m.
Sursa: Institutul de Geografie.
Source: Institute of Geography.

16
1.8 Organizarea administrativ a teritoriului Romniei, la 31 decembrie 2015
Administrative organisation of Romanian territory, on December 31, 2015

Macroregiunea Numrul
Regiunea de dezvoltare Suprafaa oraelor i din care: Numrul Numrul
Judeul total municipiilor municipii comunelor satelor
Macroregion Total area Number of which: Number of Number of
Development region (km2) of towns and municipalities communes villages
County municipalities

Total 238397 320 103 2861 12957


MACROREGIUNEA UNU 68251 100 35 760 3588
MACROREGION ONE
Nord - Vest / North - West 34159 43 15 403 1800
Bihor 7539 10 4 91 430
Bistria-Nsud 5358 4 1 58 235
Cluj 6672 6 5 75 420
Maramure 6303 13 2 63 214
Satu Mare 4420 6 2 59 220
Slaj 3867 4 1 57 281
Centru / Center 34092 57 20 357 1788
Alba 6250 11 4 67 656
Braov 5361 10 4 48 149
Covasna 3707 5 2 40 122
Harghita 6637 9 4 58 235
Mure 6705 11 4 91 464
Sibiu 5432 11 2 53 162
MACROREGIUNEA DOI 72627 81 28 861 3862
MACROREGION TWO
Nord - Est / North - East 36853 46 17 506 2414
Bacu 6622 8 3 85 491
Botoani 4987 7 2 71 333
Iai 5477 5 2 93 418
Neam 5897 5 2 78 344
Suceava 8553 16 5 98 379
Vaslui 5317 5 3 81 449
Sud - Est / South - East 35774 35 11 355 1448
Brila 4766 4 1 40 140
Buzu 6101 5 2 82 475
Constana 7104 12 3 58 189
Galai 4465 4 2 61 180
Tulcea 8484 5 1 46 133
Vrancea 4854 5 2 68 331
MACROREGIUNEA TREI 36271 57 17 551 2110
MACROREGION THREE
Sud - Muntenia / South - Muntenia 34467 48 16 519 2019
Arge 6822 7 3 95 576
Clrai 5087 5 2 50 160
Dmbovia 4056 7 2 82 353
Giurgiu 3544 3 1 51 167
Ialomia 4455 7 3 59 127
Prahova 4715 14 2 90 405
Teleorman 5788 5 3 92 231
Bucureti - Ilfov / Bucharest - Ilfov 1804 9 1 32 91
Ilfov 1564 8 - 32 91
Municipiul Bucureti 240 1 1 - -
Bucharest Municipality
MACROREGIUNEA PATRU 61248 82 23 689 3397
MACROREGION FOUR
Sud - Vest Oltenia 29206 40 11 408 2070
South - West Oltenia
Dolj 7425 7 3 104 378
Gorj 5572 9 2 61 411
Mehedini 4942 5 2 61 344
Olt 5503 8 2 104 377
Vlcea 5764 11 2 78 560
Vest / West 32042 42 12 281 1327
Arad 7746 10 1 68 270
Cara-Severin 8532 8 2 69 287
Hunedoara 7072 14 7 55 457
Timi 8692 10 2 89 313

Not: Suprafaa total a Romniei a fost actualizat de ctre Agenia Naional de Cadastru i Publicitate Imobiliar, n conformitate cu
prevederile Legii cadastrului i a publicitii imobiliare nr.7/1996, cu modificrile i completrile ulterioare.
Note: The total area of Romania was updated by the National Agency for Cadastre and Land Registration according to the Law on
cadastre and land registration No 7/1996, with subsequent amendments.

17
1.9 Temperatura aerului (media lunar i anual)
Air temperature (monthly and yearly average)
grade Celsius / Celsius degrees
Staia Media lunar Monthly average Media Amplitudinea Meteorological
meteorologic Ianuarie Februarie Martie Aprilie Mai Iunie Iulie August Septembrie Octombrie Noiembrie Decembrie anual anual station
i anii January February March April May June July August September October November December Yearly Yearly and observation
de observaie average amplitude years

Satu Mare Satu Mare


1901 - 2000 -2,8 -0,6 4,5 10,4 15,7 18,8 20,4 19,8 15,5 10,1 4,9 0,1 9,7 23,2 1901 - 2000
2015 1,0 1,3 6,0 9,8 16,1 20,4 23,2 24,2 18,3 10,2 5,8 2,6 11,6 23,2 2015
Suceava Suceava
1901 - 2000 -4,8 -3,2 1,4 7,9 13,4 16,9 18,6 17,8 13,6 7,9 2,7 -2,2 7,5 23,4 1901 - 2000
2015 -0,7 -0,4 3,6 8,7 15,4 18,8 21,7 21,4 17,0 8,0 5,6 3,4 10,2 22,4 2015
Oradea Oradea
1901 - 2000 -1,9 0,3 5,2 10,8 15,9 19,0 20,9 20,4 16,3 10,9 5,3 0,8 10,3 22,8 1901 - 2000
2015 1,9 2,1 6,7 10,5 16,5 20,7 24,6 24,5 18,8 11,2 6,5 3,3 12,3 22,7 2015
Iai Iai
1901 - 2000 -3,5 -1,8 3,1 10,2 16,0 19,5 21,2 20,5 15,9 10,0 4,1 -0,8 9,5 24,7 1901 - 2000
2015 -0,3 0,9 5,4 10,5 17,4 21,4 24,0 23,3 19,3 9,3 6,3 1,9 11,6 24,3 2015
Cluj - Napoca Cluj - Napoca
1901 - 2000 -4,2 -2,1 3,6 9,2 14,4 17,4 19,1 18,4 14,2 8,8 3,3 -1,4 8,4 23,3 1901 - 2000
2015 -0,6 0,1 5,2 9,1 15,0 18,7 21,5 21,5 16,9 9,2 5,9 1,2 10,3 22,1 2015
Trgu Mure Trgu Mure
1901 - 2000 -4,0 -1,8 4,0 9,7 14,8 17,7 19,4 18,8 14,6 9,2 3,7 -1,3 8,7 23,4 1901 - 2000
2015 -1,1 -0,6 5,4 9,1 16,0 19,1 22,0 21,5 17,3 9,0 5,0 1,6 10,4 23,1 2015
Bacu Bacu
1901 - 2000 -3,6 -2,1 2,9 9,7 15,2 18,9 20,6 19,8 15,3 9,5 3,7 -0,9 9,1 24,2 1901 - 2000
2015 -0,9 0,2 4,7 10,0 17,0 20,7 23,6 22,3 18,5 9,0 5,6 1,8 11,0 24,5 2015
Timioara Timioara
1901 - 2000 -1,5 0,6 5,7 11,1 16,3 19,6 21,5 20,9 16,8 11,2 5,7 1,2 10,7 23,0 1901 - 2000
2015 2,1 2,9 7,1 11,6 17,7 21,2 24,9 24,5 19,0 10,9 6,7 3,1 12,6 22,8 2015
Deva Deva
1901 - 2000 -2,5 0,0 5,3 10,7 15,6 18,6 20,4 19,8 15,7 10,2 4,7 0,3 9,9 22,9 1901 - 2000
2015 0,2 1,1 6,5 10,1 16,6 19,5 23,6 22,9 18,3 9,9 6,3 2,3 11,4 23,4 2015
Sibiu Sibiu
1901 - 2000 -3,6 -1,4 3,9 9,5 14,4 17,5 19,2 18,6 14,5 9,2 3,8 -1,1 8,7 22,8 1901 - 2000
2015 -0,5 0,1 4,7 9,1 16,0 18,8 22,4 21,5 16,9 9,1 5,5 1,0 10,4 22,9 2015
Vrfu Omu Vrfu Omu
1901 - 2000 -10,6 -10,8 -8,5 -4,4 0,3 3,5 5,5 5,7 2,8 -0,8 -4,8 -8,4 -2,6 16,5 1901 - 2000
2015 -9,7 -10,6 -8,1 -6,5 2,0 4,6 8,3 8,4 6,2 0,3 -2,0 -5,3 -1,0 19,0 2015
Galai Galai
1901 - 2000 -2,6 -0,9 4,0 10,8 16,5 20,4 22,5 21,9 17,3 11,3 5,2 0,1 10,5 25,1 1901 - 2000
2015 -0,7 1,8 6,0 11,3 18,6 21,9 25,1 24,8 20,3 11,0 7,8 2,7 12,6 25,8 2015
Trgu Jiu Trgu Jiu
1901 - 2000 -2,4 -0,3 4,8 10,9 15,9 19,4 21,4 20,8 16,5 10,5 4,8 0,0 10,2 23,8 1901 - 2000
2015 0,8 1,7 6,5 11,2 18,0 20,9 25,4 23,2 19,0 10,1 6,5 2,7 12,2 24,6 2015
Buzu Buzu
1901 - 2000 -2,2 -0,2 4,4 10,9 16,6 20,3 22,3 21,9 17,4 11,2 5,1 0,4 10,7 24,5 1901 - 2000
2015 -0,2 2,0 6,3 11,4 18,4 21,6 24,6 24,4 19,8 10,9 8,3 3,6 12,6 24,8 2015
Calafat Calafat
1901 - 2000 -1,4 0,6 5,7 11,9 17,4 21,0 23,3 22,8 18,2 11,9 5,7 1,0 11,5 24,7 1901 - 2000
2015 1,7 1,0 6,6 12,7 19,4 21,8 26,3 24,5 19,7 10,8 9,4 5,5 13,3 25,3 2015
Turnu Mgurele Turnu Mgurele
1901 - 2000 -2,3 0,3 5,6 12,2 17,6 21,3 23,3 22,5 18,1 11,8 5,7 0,5 11,4 25,6 1901 - 2000
2015 0,6 2,4 7,0 11,8 19,3 21,4 26,1 24,5 20,2 11,2 8,3 3,9 13,1 25,5 2015
Bucureti - Filaret Bucharest - Filaret
1901 - 2000 -2,2 -0,2 5,3 11,6 16,9 20,7 22,9 22,4 17,7 11,8 5,5 0,4 11,0 25,1 1901 - 2000
2015 0,1 2,5 6,8 12,0 19,0 21,6 25,6 24,4 20,2 11,6 8,7 4,4 13,1 25,5 2015
Constana Constana
1901 - 2000 0,1 1,2 4,5 9,6 15,2 19,7 22,2 22,0 18,2 13,2 7,6 2,8 11,4 22,1 1901 - 2000
2015 2,2 2,4 6,2 11,0 17,3 21,5 24,1 24,5 21,2 13,3 10,6 4,9 13,3 22,3 2015

Sursa: Administraia Naional de Meteorologie.


Source: National Administration of Meteorology.

18 19
1.10 Temperatura aerului (maxima absolut i minima absolut lunar i anual)
Air temperature (monthly and yearly absolute maximum and absolute minimum)
grade Celsius / Celsius degrees
Maxima absolut Minima absolut
Staia anual i data anual i data Meteorological
meteorologic Ianuarie Februarie Martie Aprilie Mai Iunie Iulie August Septembrie Octombrie Noiembrie Decembrie nregistrrii nregistrrii station
i anii January February March April May June July August September October November December Yearly absolute Yearly absolute and observation
de observaie maximum and minimum and years
its date its date

Satu Mare Satu Mare


1901 - 2000 1901 - 2000
maxima lunar 14,7 17,9 26,0 30,7 32,4 36,3 37,2 39,4 37,3 28,3 24,2 18,0 39,4 monthly maximum
anul 1990 1989 1974 1950 1937 2000 1939; 1987 1952 1946 1943 1968 1989 16 august 1952 year
minima lunar -29,3 -27,6 -20,6 -6,4 -2,6 0,6 4,9 3,5 -4,7 -9,3 -19,6 -30,4 -30,4 monthly minimum
anul 1982 1940 1940 1954 1976 1977 1961 1980 1970 1971 1989 1961 24 decembrie/December 1961 year
2015 2015
maxima lunar 12,1 15,5 22,8 25,2 30,7 32,6 37,1 38,1 36,9 24,1 16,4 12,8 38,1 monthly maximum
ziua 17 24 26 27 21 13 8 12 18 4 4 23 12 august date
minima lunar -19,2 -11,5 -5,7 -3,1 3,7 7,4 7,9 8,8 6,1 -1,3 -5,0 -9,1 -19,2 monthly minimum
ziua 7 9 20 6 15 22 11 1 8 27 5 31 7 ianuarie/January date
Suceava Suceava
1901 - 2000 1901 - 2000
maxima lunar 15,0 20,4 26,6 28,4 34,5 34,0 35,2 38,6 32,9 32,0 24,0 18,0 38,6 monthly maximum
anul 1984 1990 1952 1943 1958 1972 1988 1952 1986 1952 1994 1989 17 august 1952 year
minima lunar -29,6 -31,0 -21,9 -9,2 -2,2 1,5 5,5 4,2 -3,5 -8,0 -21,2 -29,8 -31 monthly minimum
anul 1954 1954 1955 1963 1999 1958 1989 1993 1953; 1977 1951; 1979 1942 1996 20 februarie/February 1954 year
2015 2015
maxima lunar 8,5 10,2 16,7 24,3 28,4 31,3 35,4 35,6 35,6 23,8 19,5 17,3 35,6 monthly maximum
ziua 31 27 26 26 20 13 8 31 1 4 12 27 31 august; date
1 septembrie/September
minima lunar -20,6 -12,0 -5,4 -3,1 6,2 8,7 8,1 10,3 5,8 -2,1 -3,7 -10,4 -20,6 monthly minimum
ziua 8 17 8 5 15 6 12 22 8 28 1 31 8 ianuarie/January date
Oradea Oradea
1901 - 2000 1901 - 2000
maxima lunar 17,1 19,2 26,4 32,6 33,4 37,8 39,5 40,0 37,0 32,7 26,0 19,2 40 monthly maximum
anul 1939 1958 1974 1934 1968 2000 1936 2000 1942 1932 1997 1957 21 august 2000 year
minima lunar -29,2 -24,5 -18,6 -10,0 -4,0 1,0 5,0 4,2 -1,9 -10,5 -16,4 -26,2 -29,2 monthly minimum
anul 1942 1935 1932 1944 1943 1918 1943 1942; 1943 1970 1943 1915 1902 24 ianuarie/January 1942 year
2015 2015
maxima lunar 12,9 15,4 21,7 25,6 29,7 33,1 38,0 38,0 36,4 23,9 16,4 13,0 38,0 monthly maximum
ziua 17 24 26 16 19 14 8 12 18 4 11 23 8 iulie/July; 12 august date
minima lunar -15,5 -11,9 -3,2 -1,5 5,3 9,4 9,5 11,5 6,9 2,3 -1,2 -7,8 -15,5 monthly minimum
ziua 7 9 20 4 3 22 11 1 8 30, 31 5 31 7 ianuarie/January date
Iai Iai
1901 - 2000 1901 - 2000
maxima lunar 16,7 22,5 27,0 31,5 36,4 38,0 40,0 39,7 38,0 33,9 29,0 19,5 40 monthly maximum
anul 1921 1990 1926 1909 1950 1927 1909 1905 1946 1952 1926 1989 27 iulie/July 1909 year
minima lunar -30,6 -36,3 -22,7 -9,4 -3,0 3,5 6,3 4,6 -3,5 -9,6 -21,1 -29,5 -36,3 monthly minimum
anul 1963 1937 1952 1963 1935 1934 1929 1914 1921; 1931 1912 1993 1946 1 februarie/February 1937 year
2015 2015
maxima lunar 12,6 12,0 18,1 27,1 29,9 33,5 37,1 37,3 37,4 25,7 20,3 17,6 37,4 monthly maximum
ziua 31 23 26 16 24 14 8 31 1 4 12 27 1 septembrie/September date
minima lunar -21,0 -10,6 -5,1 -1,4 5,1 9,8 12,8 11,4 8,3 -3,9 -5,0 -8,5 -21,0 monthly minimum
ziua 1 11 8 5 1 7 13 22 9 31 1 31 1 ianuarie/January date
Cluj - Napoca Cluj - Napoca
1901 - 2000 1901 - 2000
maxima lunar 14,0 19,3 26,6 30,2 32,5 36,0 37,0 38,0 33,7 32,6 26,0 18,7 38 monthly maximum
anul 1903 1966 1975 1926; 1950 1924 1935 1936 1952 1927 1952 1926 1982 16 august 1952 year
minima lunar -34,2 -32,5 -22,0 -8,4 -3,5 0,4 5,2 3,5 -3,0 -8,8 -22,3 -27,9 -34,2 monthly minimum
anul 1963 1929 1932 1923 1935 1955 1980 1933 1939 1997 1948 1927 23 ianuarie/January 1963 year
2015 2015
maxima lunar 11,4 14,7 21,5 25,6 27,7 32,3 33,6 35,6 33,6 21,0 18,3 9,8 35,6 monthly maximum
ziua 11 24 26 17 21 14 8 12 2 4 12 1 12 august date
minima lunar -17,7 -11,5 -5,4 -1,6 5,7 8,5 9,5 9,9 7,3 -1,2 -3,9 -11,2 -17,7 monthly minimum
ziua 7 18 8 4 9 21 12 24 7, 9 29 5 31 7 ianuarie/January date

20 21
Temperatura aerului
(maxima absolut i minima absolut lunar i anual) - continuare

1.10 Air temperature


(monthly and yearly absolute maximum and absolute minimum) - continued
grade Celsius / Celsius degrees
Maxima absolut Minima absolut
Staia anual i data anual i data Meteorological
meteorologic Ianuarie Februarie Martie Aprilie Mai Iunie Iulie August Septembrie Octombrie Noiembrie Decembrie nregistrrii nregistrrii station
i anii January February March April May June July August September October November December Yearly absolute Yearly absolute and observation
de observaie maximum and minimum and years
its date its date

Trgu Mure Trgu Mure


1901 - 2000 1901 - 2000
maxima lunar 14,0 19,0 27,0 32,5 34,4 35,3 39,0 38,5 38,2 31,5 26,5 18,3 39 monthly maximum
anul 1936 1994 1975 1934 1950 1963 1936 1946 1946 1952 1926 1960 29 iulie/July 1936 year
minima lunar -32,8 -32,0 -27,3 -7,5 -1,6 0,3 4,6 2,7 -3,3 -8,4 -19,6 -25,9 -32,8 monthly minimum
anul 1942; 1963 1929 1932 1929 1976 1928 1996 1958 1970 1988 1989 1927 25 ianuarie/January 1942; year
23 ianuarie/January 1963
2015 2015
maxima lunar 13,5 15,7 22,2 25,8 29,1 32,9 35,1 35,1 35,5 22,5 18,0 12,9 35,5 monthly maximum
ziua 23 24 26 27 21 14 23 6 2 3 12 23 2 septembrie/September date
minima lunar -22,0 -16,0 -6,3 -4,3 4,9 8,1 7,7 9,5 6,2 -3,7 -6,5 -11,8 -22,0 monthly minimum
ziua 8 11 8 10 30 22 12 24 9 30, 31 3 31 8 ianuarie/January date
Bacu Bacu
1901 - 2000 1901 - 2000
maxima lunar 18,2 22,4 29,6 30,9 35,6 36,5 39,6 38,8 35,8 34,6 26,6 19,0 39,6 monthly maximum
anul 1984 1977 1952 1943 1908 1908 1988 1952 1946 1952 1990 1903 6 iulie/July 1988 year
minima lunar -30,8 -32,5 -21,5 -11,3 -3,0 2,7 6,0 3,0 -4,5 -10,0 -21,4 -27,8 -32,5 monthly minimum
anul 1963 1954 1986 1963 1912 1939 1904; 1954 1940 1977 1912 1993 1946 20 februarie/February 1954 year
2015 2015
maxima lunar 11,9 9,0 16,6 28,3 30,1 32,7 38,1 36,9 37,2 24,2 23,0 18,4 38,1 monthly maximum
ziua 31 21 26 17 22 13 8 11 2 3, 5 11 27 8 iulie/July date
minima lunar -21,8 -12,5 -4,8 -3,6 4,2 9,6 9,2 9,9 5,6 -3,1 -5,2 -8,3 -21,8 monthly minimum
ziua 8 11 9 5 17 6 12 22 9 28 1 31 8 ianuarie/January date
Timioara Timioara
1901 - 2000 1901 - 2000
maxima lunar 17,4 20,5 28,2 32,0 34,5 38,4 39,6 41,0 39,7 33,8 27,1 20,2 41 monthly maximum
anul 1979 1994 1952 1950 1950 1938 1939 1952 1946 1935 1926 1957 16 august 1952 year
minima lunar -35,3 -29,2 -20,0 -5,2 -5,0 2,2 5,9 5,0 -1,9 -6,8 -15,4 -24,8 -35,3 monthly minimum
anul 1963 1935 1932 1931 1935 1962 1962 1949 1970 1971 1922 1927 24 ianuarie/January 1963 year
2015 2015
maxima lunar 14,1 16,2 22,0 26,6 31,5 34,7 37,7 37,7 36,2 23,7 19,5 13,5 37,7 monthly maximum
ziua 22 24 26 16, 27 19 14 23 13 18 4 12 23 23 iulie/July; 13 august date
minima lunar -16,3 -8,0 -3,7 -1,3 6,3 9,6 9,8 12,1 8,0 0,8 -1,7 -6,2 -16,3 monthly minimum
ziua 1 18 21 4 29 22 11 1 7 24 5 31 1 ianuarie/January date
Deva Deva
1901 - 2000 1901 - 2000
maxima lunar 15,3 20,8 28,5 32,3 34,6 35,6 39,4 39,7 38,2 32,7 27,4 19,8 39,7 monthly maximum
anul 1939 1977 1952 1956 1950 1952; 1963 1931; 1936 1952 1946 1932 1926 1957 16 august 1952 year
minima lunar -31,6 -28,1 -21,7 -6,0 -2,4 2,2 3,7 4,4 -4,2 -8,0 -16,6 -24,1 -31,6 monthly minimum
anul 1963 1929 1987 1926 1953 1933 1962 1961 1970 1997 1922 1927 24 ianuarie/January 1963 year
2015 2015
maxima lunar 13,2 17,1 24,1 25,8 31,0 32,9 37,2 37,0 37,1 23,3 17,6 10,6 37,2 monthly maximum
ziua 22 24 26 27 6 14 8 12 18 4 12, 19 1, 13 8 iulie/July date
minima lunar -21,0 -11,6 -6,5 -2,7 3,9 8,6 8,3 10,9 5,0 -2,0 -4,7 -9,4 -21,0 monthly minimum
ziua 1 18 20 20 29 23 11 24 9 30 2 31 1 ianuarie/January date
Sibiu Sibiu
1901 - 2000 1901 - 2000
maxima lunar 15,6 21,3 30,6 30,2 32,1 35,4 37,5 38,4 39,5 32,5 27,0 19,3 39,5 monthly maximum
anul 1903 1966 1952 1934 1973 1963 1987 1946 1946 1932 1926 1957 7 septembrie/September 1946 year
minima lunar -31,8 -31,0 -24,5 -12,0 -3,6 1,0 4,2 1,0 -3,6 -9,4 -21,3 -29,8 -31,8 monthly minimum
anul 1963 1929 1932 1942 1963 1934 1996 1981 1970; 1977 1997 1948 1927 23 ianuarie/January 1963 year
2015 2015
maxima lunar 14,7 15,1 22,0 24,5 28,7 32,5 34,8 34,8 34,1 21,5 18,7 14,4 34,8 monthly maximum
ziua 23 24 26 17, 27 21 14 20 12 2 3 17 23 20 iulie/July; 12 august date
minima lunar -25,8 -12,3 -9,4 -1,6 4,0 7,2 9,0 9,6 5,1 -3,9 -6,4 -13,9 -25,8 monthly minimum
ziua 1 12 8 10 12 22 12 24 9 30 2 31 1 ianuarie/January date

22 23
Temperatura aerului
(maxima absolut i minima absolut lunar i anual) - continuare

1.10 Air temperature


(monthly and yearly absolute maximum and absolute minimum) - continued
grade Celsius / Celsius degrees
Maxima absolut Minima absolut
Staia anual i data anual i data Meteorological
meteorologic Ianuarie Februarie Martie Aprilie Mai Iunie Iulie August Septembrie Octombrie Noiembrie Decembrie nregistrrii nregistrrii station
i anii January February March April May June July August September October November December Yearly absolute Yearly absolute and observation
de observaie maximum and minimum and years
its date its date

Vrfu Omu Vrfu Omu


1901 - 2000 1901 - 2000
maxima lunar 5,6 6,0 12,2 12,8 16,6 22,0 22,1 20,8 19,2 20,0 13,6 8,2 22,1 monthly maximum
anul 1949 1950 1974 1986 1986 1939 1984 1956; 1957 1993 1935 1945 1972 14 iulie/July 1984 year
minima lunar -32,3 -38,0 -29,6 -26,0 -16,0 -12,0 -8,0 -7,0 -15,0 -19,0 -30,8 -32,4 -38 monthly minimum
anul 1964 1929 1987 1940 1940 1939 1933 1949 1935 1946 1957 1957 10 februarie/February 1929 year
2015 2015
maxima lunar 1,4 -1,2 1,4 4,0 11,3 13,3 17,4 17,6 17,2 9,4 12,4 7,8 17,6 monthly maximum
ziua 17 24 26 11 22 14 8 31 2, 19 4 4 7 31 august date
minima lunar -27,7 -23,1 -17,7 -15,4 -5,1 -2,5 -1,4 0,2 -5,4 -7,0 -13,5 -24,3 -27,7 monthly minimum
ziua 7 10 18 3, 4 29 22 11 23 30 25 30 31 7 ianuarie/January date
Galai Galai
1901 - 2000 1901 - 2000
maxima lunar 17,3 22,4 27,8 31,8 36,2 35,8 40,2 39,0 35,7 33,5 25,6 20,0 40,2 monthly maximum
anul 1993 1990 1952 1998 1950 1908 2000 1904 1968 1952 1926 1947 5 iulie/July 2000 year
minima lunar -26,5 -28,6 -17,2 -5,2 -0,1 3,8 7,3 6,2 -1,5 -6,8 -17,4 -20,7 -28,6 monthly minimum
anul 1929 1929 1985 1904 1935 1973 1976 1980 1977 1973 1933 1996 10 februarie/February 1929 year
2015 2015
maxima lunar 11,5 14,4 17,8 27,8 29,6 32,9 37,2 38,4 36,7 23,9 22,1 12,7 38,4 monthly maximum
ziua 31 27 26 17 24 14, 15 26 11 2 4 11 24 11 august date
minima lunar -18,3 -8,9 -1,8 0,7 10,1 13,0 12,7 14,8 10,2 0,4 -1,5 -7,9 -18,3 monthly minimum
ziua 8 17 8 4 4 22 12 20 29 31 1 31 8 ianuarie/January date
Trgu Jiu Trgu Jiu
1901 - 2000 1901 - 2000
maxima lunar 18,3 21,7 26,4 31,8 37,5 36,6 40,6 39,0 40,6 31,5 26,4 20,0 40,6 monthly maximum
anul 1983 1990 1957 1926 1950 1947; 1963 2000 1922; 1946; 1946 1935 1926 1986 8 septembrie/September 1946 year
1952 4 iulie/July 2000
minima lunar -31,0 -28,3 -24,7 -4,6 -1,2 2,2 5,0 2,6 -4,0 -9,0 -15,1 -26,9 -31,0 monthly minimum
anul 1942 1954 1987 1968 1938 1918; 1990 1993 1939 1906 1918 1904 1940 24 ianuarie/January 1942 year
2015 2015
maxima lunar 14,7 16,0 20,5 26,1 30,0 34,2 38,0 38,9 35,8 23,3 22,9 17,8 38,9 monthly maximum
ziua 11 28 26 16 19 14 7 12 3 6 11 23 12 august date
minima lunar -18,5 -8,7 -4,7 -2,5 6,5 8,2 11,2 11,7 6,1 -2,1 -5,2 -8,4 -18,5 monthly minimum
ziua 1 10 20 4 30 22 11 24 9 29 2 31 1 ianuarie/January date
Buzu Buzu
1901 - 2000 1901 - 2000
maxima lunar 18,4 22,2 27,9 31,5 37,3 38,5 39,8 39,6 37,0 35,3 25,0 21,6 39,8 monthly maximum
anul 1936 1990 1947 1909; 1947 1950 1908 2000 1951 1946 1952 1963 1989 5 iulie/July 2000 year
minima lunar -29,6 -25,0 -17,0 -5,3 -2,0 4,6 7,5 5,4 -2,0 -8,0 -17,6 -23,0 -29,6 monthly minimum
anul 1942 1929 1901 1944 1915 1973 1902 1939 1977 1988 1975 1902 24 ianuarie/January 1942 year
2015 2015
maxima lunar 13,0 12,5 19,2 26,9 28,8 33,3 36,6 36,2 35,1 22,9 21,1 19,9 36,6 monthly maximum
ziua 11 28 26 17 23 14 30 11 2 5, 6 14 27 30 iulie/July date
minima lunar -15,4 -6,7 -3,1 0,7 10,0 11,8 12,8 14,8 10,4 1,5 -3,8 -6,9 -15,4 monthly minimum
ziua 1 17 24 3 8 22 12 24 7 29 2 31 1 ianuarie/January date
Calafat Calafat
1901 - 2000 1901 - 2000
maxima lunar 20,5 22,4 27,6 34,5 36,6 39,5 43,2 41,3 39,8 31,6 25,9 21,2 43,2 monthly maximum
anul 1993 1990 1952; 1994 1985 1969 1908 2000 1945 1946 1991 1970 1989 4 iulie/July 2000 year
minima lunar -29,2 -24,6 -15,7 -3,0 1,6 6,2 9,0 7,3 -1,3 -6,2 -16,2 -21,8 -29,2 monthly minimum
anul 1947 1950 1963 1912 1952 1962 1913 1904 1977 1988 1988 1948 8 ianuarie/January 1947 year
2015 2015
maxima lunar 19,5 11,6 19,5 27,6 31,1 35,3 39,4 40,9 37,7 24,7 24,9 18,6 40,9 monthly maximum
ziua 11 27 26 17 6 14 20 12 1 5 19 28 12 august date
minima lunar -24,1 -14,7 -1,5 1,8 9,6 10,8 12,9 13,1 9,1 1,1 -3,3 -8,5 -24,1 monthly minimum
ziua 1 11 20 4, 11 13 22 12 24 9 29 2 31 1 ianuarie/January date

24 25
Temperatura aerului
(maxima absolut i minima absolut lunar i anual) - continuare

1.10 Air temperature


(monthly and yearly absolute maximum and absolute minimum) - continued
grade Celsius / Celsius degrees
Maxima absolut Minima absolut
Staia anual i data anual i data Meteorological
meteorologic Ianuarie Februarie Martie Aprilie Mai Iunie Iulie August Septembrie Octombrie Noiembrie Decembrie nregistrrii nregistrrii station
i anii January February March April May June July August September October November December Yearly absolute Yearly absolute and observation
de observaie maximum and minimum and years
its date its date

Turnu Mgurele Turnu Mgurele


1901 - 2000 1901 - 2000
maxima lunar 18,0 24,1 29,6 34,2 38,8 38,2 43,2 41,4 40,0 36,4 26,7 22,0 43,2 monthly maximum
anul 1983 1995 1951 1985 1950 1957 1987 1952 1946 1952 1963 1903 25 iulie/July 1987 year
minima lunar -30,0 -26,0 -22,2 -4,6 0,5 5,0 9,0 6,6 -2,5 -5,8 -18,2 -25,0 -30 monthly minimum
anul 1942 1950 1929 1923 1938 1911 1974 1981 1977 1988 1993 1933 25 ianuarie/January 1942 year
2015 2015
maxima lunar 15,7 14,2 20,8 28,5 30,6 34,6 39,2 37,0 37,3 24,5 22,2 16,0 39,2 monthly maximum
ziua 11 23 26 27 19 14 30 12, 16 5 5 11 27 30 iulie/July date
minima lunar -19,8 -8,2 -2,4 -1,1 8,5 10,0 12,1 13,4 9,0 0,2 -2,0 -6,8 -19,8 monthly minimum
ziua 1 10 22 10 12 22 12 24 9 29 2 31 1 ianuarie/January date
Bucureti - Filaret Bucharest - Filaret
1901 - 2000 1901 - 2000
maxima lunar 16,8 23,0 28,8 34,4 36,6 40,3 42,4 41,1 39,6 35,5 29,4 20,8 42,4 monthly maximum
anul 1983 1995 1947 1934 1950 1918 2000 1945 1946 1952 1926 1903 5 iulie/July 2000 year
minima lunar -30,0 -24,2 -13,6 -5,5 -0,2 4,2 8,6 6,6 -1,6 -10,7 -17,8 -26,4 -30 monthly minimum
anul 1942 1929 1929 1923 1915 1918 1933 1981 1906 1920 1904 1927 25 ianuarie/January 1942 year
2015 2015
maxima lunar 14,4 14,9 20,5 27,9 30,3 34,9 39,2 38,2 37,3 25,3 20,9 14,7 39,2 monthly maximum
ziua 19 28 26 17 19 14 30 16 2 5 12 24 30 iulie/July date
minima lunar -16,1 -7,3 -1,0 1,2 10,4 12,6 15,7 13,8 9,9 2,4 0,5 -5,7 -16,1 monthly minimum
ziua 1 11 11 4 1 22, 26 3 21 30 29 30 31 1 ianuarie/January date
Constana Constana
1901 - 2000 1901 - 2000
maxima lunar 18,0 24,5 30,8 31,9 36,9 36,9 38,5 36,8 34,8 31,0 26,5 21,0 38,5 monthly maximum
anul 1988 1995 1952 1985 1969 1982 1927 1902 1987 1928 1990 1903 10 iulie/July 1927 year
minima lunar -24,7 -25,0 -12,8 -4,5 1,8 6,4 7,6 8,0 1,0 -12,4 -11,7 -18,6 -25 monthly minimum
anul 1942 1929 1929 1923 1915 1913 1944 1936; 1949 1931 1920 1953 1948 10 februarie/February 1929 year
2015 2015
maxima lunar 14,5 14,3 14,8 28,1 27,1 28,3 32,6 31,9 33,5 21,8 23,3 15,2 33,5 monthly maximum
ziua 11 26 30 17 26 25 8 29 6 5 22 27 6 septembrie/September date
minima lunar -13,5 -5,8 -1,4 2,3 10,4 14,0 16,3 15,9 12,1 4,0 1,5 -6,2 -13,5 monthly minimum
ziua 8 17 24 4 29 1 3 24 29 29 30 31 8 ianuarie/January date

Sursa: Administraia Naional de Meteorologie.


Source: National Administration of Meteorology.

26 27
1.11 Precipitaii atmosferice (cantitatea lunar i anual)
Precipitations (monthly and yearly quantity)
mm
Staia meteorologic Ianuarie Februarie Martie Aprilie Mai Iunie Iulie August Septembrie Octombrie Noiembrie Decembrie Anual Meteorological station
i anii de observaie January February March April May June July August September October November December Yearly and observation years

Satu Mare Satu Mare


1901 - 2000 39,8 35,9 35,0 44,8 63,1 81,4 69,4 62,2 45,6 46,0 47,3 53,3 598,8 1901 - 2000
2015 35,5 19,9 30,8 37,3 97,4 43,2 12,8 15,0 82,2 67,6 75,8 10,0 527,5 2015
Suceava Suceava
1901 - 2000 24,2 24,4 24,4 47,5 74,7 92,0 89,9 67,6 44,6 30,3 34,1 25,2 562,9 1901 - 2000
2015 9,4 16,4 56,6 30,3 22,5 52,4 24,0 23,8 38,4 38,5 28,0 5,5 345,8 2015
Oradea Oradea
1901 - 2000 36,3 32,1 35,5 48,1 65,5 83,3 64,3 56,2 47,1 44,0 48,6 52,2 588,9 1901 - 2000
2015 58,9 17,1 17,5 25,2 73,4 38,8 49,1 95,3 66,2 65,9 59,5 9,6 576,5 2015
Iai Iai
1901 - 2000 29,7 26,9 28,4 43,9 55,9 82,6 69,3 56,0 45,3 32,5 37,0 29,7 517,8 1901 - 2000
2015 14,7 19,7 57,3 32,2 7,7 51,8 25,7 46,5 18,7 48,2 46,6 0,5 369,6 2015
Cluj - Napoca Cluj - Napoca
1901 - 2000 26,3 26,4 25,4 46,4 74,4 90,0 79,0 72,7 42,7 37,5 31,6 30,6 564,7 1901 - 2000
2015 29,2 26,0 32,7 38,3 77,6 112,2 41,2 57,8 137,6 61,8 48,7 12,3 675,4 2015
Trgu Mure Trgu Mure
1901 - 2000 28,4 28,7 26,3 49,0 73,8 90,0 80,0 69,7 43,7 41,7 36,7 32,5 583,5 1901 - 2000
2015 22,9 28,3 26,8 35,8 67,6 127,4 32,1 78,8 72,7 37,8 36,5 11,3 578,0 2015
Bacu Bacu
1901 - 2000 25,0 25,6 26,3 38,6 66,6 86,8 81,0 62,5 48,9 35,9 34,0 30,0 543,5 1901 - 2000
2015 18,1 33,2 61,1 37,4 8,8 43,6 37,0 46,6 42,0 88,8 58,5 3,3 478,4 2015
Timioara Timioara
1901 - 2000 39,1 37,5 36,5 48,2 63,4 81,0 58,3 51,5 43,9 49,7 48,7 49,4 583,9 1901 - 2000
2015 51,4 37,4 33,3 28,1 46,9 61,8 25,0 111,2 60,5 60,9 48,8 8,7 574,0 2015
Deva Deva
1901 - 2000 32,1 29,7 28,7 47,4 64,7 78,8 69,4 58,5 44,4 41,2 36,9 38,3 551,1 1901 - 2000
2015 33,9 23,8 11,8 53,0 46,8 53,4 5,2 54,2 74,6 35,2 31,2 10,1 433,2 2015
Sibiu Sibiu
1901 - 2000 28,6 26,6 31,2 53,8 78,3 106,4 87,6 71,0 54,6 43,9 33,9 29,2 626,2 1901 - 2000
2015 28,9 16,2 48,0 56,5 54,0 84,0 13,7 52,0 100,6 36,8 35,8 18,4 544,9 2015
Vrfu Omu Vrfu Omu
1901 - 2000 71,6 79,5 76,6 86,0 106,9 140,1 135,5 105,7 65,8 59,6 55,5 68,5 1023,7 1901 - 2000
2015 59,7 55,0 112,8 84,8 57,9 86,4 56,9 34,0 68,0 41,0 109,6 21,5 787,6 2015
Galai Galai
1901 - 2000 30,0 26,0 24,0 38,1 50,5 66,3 47,9 40,3 39,5 34,4 34,3 32,6 445,6 1901 - 2000
2015 24,1 44,5 76,5 37,2 11,0 59,8 22,4 24,0 24,0 92,2 122,4 1,6 539,7 2015
Trgu Jiu Trgu Jiu
1901 - 2000 52,4 50,0 45,4 63,6 83,3 92,0 64,4 57,6 53,5 64,5 62,6 63,0 726,3 1901 - 2000
2015 60,3 66,0 45,3 23,6 35,2 34,0 38,8 43,0 97,8 105,6 91,2 7,5 648,3 2015
Buzu Buzu
1901 - 2000 26,5 25,6 22,9 40,1 63,9 80,3 62,1 50,1 38,7 35,2 39,2 32,8 501,5 1901 - 2000
2015 21,9 41,6 55,7 35,9 24,4 85,8 36,8 77,0 52,8 45,2 62,9 1,4 541,4 2015
Calafat Calafat
1901 - 2000 39,0 36,1 37,0 47,8 60,0 63,2 46,4 36,0 39,3 47,1 52,0 48,9 532,8 1901 - 2000
2015 29,4 60,8 63,5 31,2 23,6 79,6 6,8 38,2 55,8 81,4 90,7 0,3 561,3 2015
Turnu Mgurele Turnu Mgurele
1901 - 2000 35,8 32,3 34,4 42,0 56,7 64,7 52,6 38,6 37,6 41,2 45,4 40,3 502,7 1901 - 2000
2015 24,2 23,5 61,7 21,9 18,0 81,8 14,2 32,9 60,7 62,3 73,3 0,9 475,4 2015
Bucureti - Filaret Bucharest - Filaret
1901 - 2000 39,5 33,3 38,1 46,0 68,1 85,5 59,2 50,0 40,6 42,9 47,8 41,4 567,7 1901 - 2000
2015 33,6 39,5 96,9 53,6 42,7 54,1 48,5 88,4 85,0 60,2 101,4 1,9 705,8 2015
Constana Constana
1901 - 2000 28,8 26,3 24,9 28,7 36,6 42,2 33,7 29,8 29,7 33,7 39,6 34,3 368,1 1901 - 2000
2015 35,8 95,9 90,4 60,8 25,4 9,2 38,2 59,4 17,2 92,2 71,0 1,6 597,1 2015

Sursa: Administraia Naional de Meteorologie.


Source: National Administration of Meteorology.

28 29
Ariile protejate, n anul 2015
1.12 Protected areas, in 2015

Categorii de arii Numr Suprafaa (ha) Categories of protected


protejate Number Area (ha) areas

Rezervaii tiinifice, monumente ale naturii, Scientific reserves, natural monuments,


rezervaii naturale 916 307973 natural reserves

Parcuri naionale 13 317419 National parks

Parcuri naturale 15 769842 Natural parks

Rezervaii ale biosferei 3 661939 Biosphere reserves

Zone umede de importan internaional 19 1096640 Wetlands of international importance

Arii de protecie special avifaunistic 148 3702474 Avifauna special protection areas

Situri de importan comunitar 383 4147368 Sites of Community interest

Situri naturale ale Patrimoniului Natural Universal 1 311916 Natural world heritage sites

Sursa: Agenia Naional pentru Protecia Mediului.


Source: National Agency for Environment Protection.

Rezervaii ale biosferei i zone umede de importan


internaional, n anul 2015

1.13 Biosphere reserves and wetlands of international


importance, in 2015

Denumire rezervaie / zone umede Judeul Suprafaa (ha)


Name of reserves / wetlands County Area (ha)

Rezervaii ale biosferei - total 661939


Biosphere reserves - total

Delta Dunrii / Danube Delta Tulcea, Constana 576421


Retezat Hunedoara 38316
Rodna Maramure, Bistria-Nsud, Suceava 47202

Zone umede de importan internaional - total 1096640


Wetlands of international importance - total

Delta Dunrii / Danube Delta Tulcea 576518


Parcul Natural Porile de Fier Cara-Severin, Mehedini 128102
Ostroavele Dunrii-Buceac-Iortmac Clrai, Constana 81408
Confluena Olt-Dunre Olt, Teleorman 45541
Blahnia Dolj 46029
Calafat-Ciuperceni-Dunre Dolj 29379
Bistre Dolj 27242
Dunrea Veche-Braul Mcin Brila, Tulcea, Constana 24069
Parcul Natural Comana Giurgiu 25107
Braul Borcea Clrai, Ialomia 21529
Confluena Jiu-Dunre Dolj 19257
Suhaia Teleorman 19707
Balta Mic a Brilei Brila 20666
Lunca Mureului Arad, Timi 17397
Canarele de la Hrova Ialomia, Constana 7305
Iezerul Clrai Clrai 5009
Lacul Techirghiol Constana 1272
Tinovul Poiana Stampei Suceava 696
Complexul Piscicol Dumbrvia Braov 407

Sursa: Agenia Naional pentru Protecia Mediului.


Source: National Agency for Environment Protection.

30
Parcurile naionale i parcurile naturale, n anul 2015
1.14 National and natural parks, in 2015

Suprafaa
Denumirea parcului Judeul (ha)
Name of park County Area
(ha)

Parcuri naionale - total 317419


National parks - total

Domogled-Valea Cernei Cara-Severin, Mehedini, Gorj 61661


Rodna Bistria-Nsud, Maramure, Suceava 47202
Retezat Hunedoara 38316
Cheile Nerei-Beunia Cara-Severin 36812
Semenic-Cheile Caraului Cara-Severin 36100
Climani Bistria-Nsud, Harghita, Suceava, Mure 24435
Cozia Vlcea 16725
Piatra Craiului Arge, Braov 14789
Munii Mcinului Tulcea 11247
Defileul Jiului Gorj, Hunedoara 10977
Ceahlu Neam 7763
Cheile Bicazului-Hma Neam, Harghita 6913
Buila-Vnturria Vlcea 4479

Parcuri naturale - total 769842


Natural parks - total

Munii Maramureului Maramure 133450


Porile de Fier Cara-Severin, Mehedini 128102
Geoparcul Platoul Mehedini Mehedini 106376
Geoparcul Dinozaurilor - ara Haegului Hunedoara 100050
Munii Apuseni Alba, Bihor, Cluj 76055
Grditea Muncelului - Cioclovina Hunedoara 38107
Putna - Vrancea Vrancea 38060
Bucegi Arge, Braov, Dmbovia, Prahova 32520
Vntori Neam Neam 30706
Comana Giurgiu 25107
Balta Mic a Brilei Brila 20665
Lunca Mureului Arad, Timi 17397
Defileul Mureului Superior Mure 10159
Lunca Joas a Prutului Inferior Galai 8110
Cefa Bihor 4978

Sursa: Agenia Naional pentru Protecia Mediului.


Source: National Agency for Environment Protection.

31
Resursele de ap asigurate, potrivit gradului de amenajare, n anul 2015
1.15 Water resources assured, according to the arrangement level, in 2015

Surse de ap / Water sources milioane m3 / an


Bazine hidrografice / Hydrographic basins million m3 / year

Total 38346
Ape de suprafa / Surface waters 33679
Ruri interioare / Inland rivers 13679
Tisa 256
Some 715
Criuri 395
Mure 1044
Spaiul Banat 1) / Banat Space 1) 608
Jiu 2109
Olt 1682
Vedea 40
Arge 1672
Ialomia 430
Siret 1956
Prut 726
Alte bazine 2) / Other basins 2) 2046
Dunrea / The Danube 20000
Ape subterane / Underground waters 4667

1) Spaiul Banat / Banat Space = Bega, Cara, Brzava, Timi, Cerna, Nera.
2) Alte bazine / Other basins = Clmui - Olt, Clmui - Buzu.
Sursa: Administraia Naional Apele Romne.
Source: National Administration Romanian Waters.

Calitatea apelor de suprafa, n anul 2015


1.16 Surface waters quality, in 2015
km
din care: / of which:
Total lungimi Clasa I i II Clasa III Clasa IV Clasa V
pe corp de ap Stare foarte bun Stare Stare Stare
Bazine hidrografice monitorizat i bun moderat slab proast
Hydrographic basins Total length of The first and The third The fourth The fifth
monitored second class class class class
water body Very-good and Moderate Poor Bad
good status status status status

Total 37111 21474 14811 634 192

Tisa 1294 823 443 - 28


Some 3169 1833 1222 66 48
Criuri 1926 1378 548 - -
Mure-Aranca 5124 3457 1659 - 8
Spaiul Banat 1) / Banat Space 1) 2815 2078 737 - -
Jiu 2141 1663 478 - -
Olt 3539 2072 1287 161 19
Vedea 1101 51 901 149 -
Arge 2257 1159 948 150 -
Ialomia 1974 1118 856 - -
Siret 5439 3801 1638 - -
Prut 3492 1322 2062 108 -
Dunrea / The Danube 2491 560 1842 - 89
Litoral / Seaside 349 159 190 - -

1) Spaiul Banat / Banat Space = Bega, Cara, Brzava, Timi, Cerna, Nera.
Sursa: Administraia Naional Apele Romne.
Source: National Administration Romanian Waters.

32
Investiii pentru protecia mediului, n anul 2015
1.17 Investments for environment protection, in 2015
mii lei preuri curente / lei thou current prices
Prevenirea i combaterea polurii, Protecia
pe domenii de mediu: resurselor
Prevention and control of pollution, naturale i
by environmental field: conservarea Alte
Sectoare de activitate Total sol i ape biodiversitii domenii
Activity sectors subterane Natural resources Other
aer ap deeuri soil and protection and fields
air water waste underground biodiversity
waters preservation

Total 6745028 2214507 2521547 1121612 366781 104775 415806


Productori nespecializai / Non-specialised producers

Total 4828570 2192999 1823665 295535 348564 12354 155453


Silvicultur i exploatare
forestier 5758 29 - 4 486 4244 995
Foresty and logging
Industrie extractiv 368853 48681 38175 81348 141983 600 58066
Mining and quarrying
Industrie prelucrtoare 707166 518323 87433 61951 8549 6868 24042
Manufacturing
Producia i furnizarea
de energie electric i termic,
gaze, ap cald
i aer condiionat 1537279 1464279 9440 17421 45447 514 178
Electricity, gas, steam and air
conditioning production and supply
Captarea, tratarea
i distribuia apei 2067217 127176 1686572 127315 125147 - 1007
Water catchment,
treatment and distribution
Construcii 6113 1262 12 3723 89 67 960
Construction
Transporturi 136184 33249 2033 3773 26863 61 70205
Transport

Productori specializai / Specialised producers

Total 775695 1592 26315 500390 2243 1 245154


Colectarea i epurarea
apelor uzate 254283 100 7478 2436 - - 244269
Used water collection
and purification
Colectarea, tratarea i eliminarea
deeurilor; activiti de recuperare
a materialelor reciclabile 465348 1491 424 460383 2229 - 821
Waste collection, purification
and disposal; activities of
recycling materials recovery
Activiti i servicii
de decontaminare 20284 - 18411 1797 11 1 64
Activities and services
of decontamination
Comer cu ridicata
al deeurilor i resturilor 35780 1 2 35774 3 - -
Wholesale of waste and remains

Administraie public / Public administration

Total 1140763 19916 671567 325687 15974 92420 15199

Administraie public central 13544 13544 - - - - -


Central public adminstration
Administraie public local 1127219 6372 671567 325687 15974 92420 15199
Local public adminstration

33
Cheltuieli curente interne pentru protecia mediului, n anul 2015
1.18 Internal current expenditure for environment protection, in 2015
mii lei preuri curente / lei thou current prices
Prevenirea i combaterea polurii, Protecia
pe domenii de mediu: resurselor
Prevention and control of pollution, naturale i
by environmental field: conservarea Alte
Sectoare de activitate Total sol i ape biodiversitii domenii
Activity sectors subterane Natural resources Other
aer ap deeuri soil and protection and fields
air water waste underground biodiversity
waters preservation

Total 8695321 350294 920908 5608527 109987 84750 1620855

Productori nespecializai / Non-specialised producers

Total 2706216 136750 698839 162710 67805 67630 1572482


Silvicultur
i exploatare forestier 12950 - - - - 8040 4910
Foresty and logging
Industrie extractiv 96597 12478 31544 7683 12469 234 32189
Mining and quarrying
Industrie prelucrtoare 1700579 102538 75134 84918 12599 55050 1370340
Manufacturing
Producia i furnizarea
de energie electric i termic,
gaze, ap cald
i aer condiionat 240800 16584 32155 8074 20808 451 162728
Electricity, gas, steam and air
conditioning production and supply
Captarea, tratarea
i distribuia apei 582891 612 552738 16390 12720 - 431
Water catchment,
treatment and distribution
Construcii 52832 281 4213 34503 8625 3753 1457
Construction
Transporturi 19567 4257 3055 11142 584 102 427
Transport

Productori specializai / Specialised producers

Total 4458577 15890 103138 4287842 18552 117 33038


Colectarea i epurarea
apelor uzate 84966 440 68487 14539 192 - 1308
Used water collection
and purification
Colectarea, tratarea i eliminarea
deeurilor; activiti de recuperare
a materialelor reciclabile 3591286 15395 18002 3517198 14711 70 25910
Waste collection, purification
and disposal; activities of
recycling materials recovery
Activiti i servicii
de decontaminare 37727 54 16610 13619 1965 - 5479
Activities and services
of decontamination
Comer cu ridicata
al deeurilor i resturilor 744598 1 39 742486 1684 47 341
Wholesale of waste and remains

Administraie public / Public administration

Total 1530528 197654 118931 1157975 23630 17003 15335


Administraie public central 147371 127814 7484 1161 - 2245 8667
Central public adminstration
Administraie public local 1383157 69840 111447 1156814 23630 14758 6668
Local public adminstration

34
POPULAIE

POPULATION
2
CUPRINS TABELE Pagina TABLES CONTENTS
Page

2.1 Populaia rezident (stabil), pe sexe i medii .......... 52 Usual resident population, by sex and area
2.2 Populaia rezident, pe grupe de vrst Usual resident population, by age group and sex,
i sexe, la 1 iulie ........................................................ 56 on July 1
2.3 Populaia rezident pe vrste, sexe Usual resident population by age, sex and area,
i medii, la 1 iulie 2014 ............................................. 57 on July 1, 2014
2.4 Populaia rezident pe vrste, sexe Usual resident population by age, sex and area,
i medii, la 1 iulie 2015 ............................................. 59 on July 1, 2015
2.5 Populaia dup domiciliu pe vrste, sexe i medii, Permanent resident population by age, sex
la 1 iulie 2016 ............................................................ 61 and area, on July 1, 2016
2.6 Populaia dup domiciliu a judeelor, municipiilor Permanent resident population of counties,
i oraelor, la 1 iulie 2016 ......................................... 63 municipalities and towns, on July 1, 2016
2.7 Gruparea judeelor i localitilor dup numrul Classification of counties and localities
locuitorilor, la 1 iulie 2016 ......................................... 67 by inhabitants number, on July 1, 2016
2.8 Micarea natural a populaiei .................................. 68 Vital statistics
2.9 Micarea natural a populaiei, pe medii Vital statistics, by
de reziden .............................................................. 72 residence areas
2.10 Nscuii-vii dup grupa de vrst a prinilor ........... 76 Live-births by age group of parents
2.11 Nscuii-vii dup rangul nscutului-viu i grupa Live-births by live-birth order and age
de vrst a mamei .................................................... 80 group of mother
2.12 Vrsta medie a mamei la natere, pe medii Average age of mother at birth,
de reziden .............................................................. 84 by residence areas
2.13 ntreruperi de sarcin, pe grupe de vrst ............... 85 Abortions, by age group
2.14 Ratele de fertilitate, pe grupe de vrst Fertility rates, by age group
i indicele conjunctural al fertilitii ............................ 86 and total fertility rate
2.15 Decesele, pe grupe de vrst i sexe ....................... 87 Deaths, by age group and sex
2.16 Decesele sub 1 an, dup grupa de vrst ................ 89 Infant deaths, by age group
2.17 Decese, pe cauze de deces i sexe ......................... 90 Deaths, by death causes and by sex
2.18 Decese sub 1 an, pe cauze de deces ...................... 92 Infant deaths, by cause of death
2.19 Durata medie a vieii, pe sexe i medii Life expectancy, by sex and
de reziden .............................................................. 93 residence areas
2.20 Cstoriile dup grupa de vrst a soilor ................ 94 Marriages by age group of spouses
2.21 Cstoriile dup starea civil a soilor Marriages by previous marital status
nainte de cstorie ................................................... 95 of spouses
2.22 Vrsta medie la cstorie i vrsta medie la prima Average age at marriage and average
cstorie, pe medii de reziden ............................... 96 age at first marriage, by residence areas
2.23 Divorurile dup grupa de vrst a soilor ................. 96 Divorces by age group of spouses
2.24 Divorurile dup numrul copiilor minori Divorces by number of under age children
rmai prin desfacerea cstoriei ............................. 98 remained through marriage dissolution
2.25 Migraia intern determinat de schimbarea Internal migration determined by permanent
domiciliului, pe medii de reziden i sexe ................ 98 residence changing, by residence areas and sex
2.26 Migraia intern determinat de schimbarea Internal migration determined by permanent
domiciliului, pe grupe de vrst i medii residence changing, by age group and
de reziden .............................................................. 99 residence areas
2.27 Structura fluxurilor migraiei interne urbane i Structure of urban and rural internal migration flows
rurale, determinate de schimbarea domiciliului ...... 100 determined by permanent residence changing
2.28 Emigranii, pe sexe i grupe de vrst .................... 101 Emigrants, by sex and age group
2.29 Emigranii, dup ara de destinaie ......................... 101 Emigrants, by country of destination
2.30 Imigranii, pe sexe i grupe de vrst ..................... 102 Immigrants, by sex and age group
2.31 Imigranii, dup ara de provenien ....................... 102 Immigrants, by country of previous usual residence
2.32 Migraia internaional determinat de schimbarea International migration determined by change
reedinei obinuite, pe sexe ................................... 103 of usual residence, by sex

36
Teritorial Territorial

2.33 Populaia i densitatea populaiei, n profil Population and population density, at territorial
teritorial, la recensminte ............................................ level, on censuses
2.34 Populaia rezident, n profil teritorial, pe sexe Usual resident population, at territorial level,
i medii, la 1 iulie 2014 ............................................... by sex and area, on July 1, 2014
2.35 Populaia rezident, n profil teritorial i pe grupe Usual resident population, at territorial level and
de vrst, la 1 iulie 2014 ............................................. by age group, on July 1, 2014
2.36 Populaia rezident, n profil teritorial, pe sexe Usual resident population, at territorial level,
i medii, la 1 iulie 2015 ............................................... by sex and area, on July 1, 2015
2.37 Populaia rezident, n profil teritorial Usual resident population, at territorial level and
i pe grupe de vrst, la 1 iulie 2015 .......................... by age group, on July 1, 2015
2.38 Populaia dup domiciliu, n profil teritorial, Permanent resident population, at territorial level,
pe sexe i medii, la 1 iulie 2016 .................................. by sex and area, on July 1, 2016
2.39 Populaia dup domiciliu, n profil teritorial Permanent resident population, at territorial level
i pe grupe de vrst, la 1 iulie 2016 .......................... and by age group, on July 1, 2016
2.40 Micarea natural a populaiei, n profil teritorial i Vital statistics, at territorial level and by residence
pe medii de reziden n anul 2015 ............................. areas, in 2015
2.41 Ratele de fertilitate, n profil teritorial i pe grupe Age - specific fertility rates, at territorial level
de vrst, n anul 2015 ............................................... and by age group, in 2015
2.42 Durata medie a vieii, n profil teritorial, pe sexe Life expectancy, at territorial level, by sex and by
i medii de reziden, n anul 2015 ............................. residence areas, in 2015
2.43 Decesele, pe cauze de deces, n profil teritorial, Deaths, by death causes, at territorial level,
n anul 2015 ................................................................ in 2015
2.44 Vrsta medie a soilor la data ncheierii cstoriei, n Average age of spouses at marriage date, at
profil teritorial i pe medii de reziden, n anul 2015 ..... territorial level and by residence areas, in 2015
2.45 Divorurile, dup numrul copiilor minori rmai Divorces, by number of under age children
prin desfacerea cstoriei, n profil teritorial, remained through marriage dissolution, at
n anul 2015 ................................................................ territorial level, in 2015
2.46 Migraia intern determinat de schimbarea Internal migration determined by change of
domiciliului, n profil teritorial i pe medii permanent residence, at territorial level and by
de reziden, n anul 2015 ........................................... residence areas, in 2015

SURSA DATELOR DATA SOURCE

Surse statistice: Statistical sources:


 Recensmintele populaiei;  Population censuses;
Recensmntul din octombrie 2011 s-a realizat n The census of October 2011 was done according to
conformitate cu prevederile Regulamentului (CE) the stipulations of EC Regulation No 763/2008 of
nr. 763/2008 al Parlamentului European i al Consiliului the European Parliament and of the Council
privind Recensmntul Populaiei i al Locuinelor; regarding the Population and Housing Census;
 Statistici din evidena curent a populaiei, pentru  Statistics from current evidence of population, for
datele referitoare la numrul i structura demografic data referring to population number and
a populaiei; demographic structure;
 nregistrri din evidena strii civile:  Registrations from civil register evidence:
Buletine statistice demografice completate de oficiile Statistical demographic reports filled in by civil
de stare civil cu date referitoare la nateri, decese, register offices with data on births, deaths,
cstorii, divoruri i nregistrri primite de la marriages, divorces and registrations of divorces
judectorii i notariate pentru divoruri; from the court of law and notary offices;
 Model econometric bazat pe tehnici de estimare pe  Econometric model based on estimation techniques
domenii mici, pentru determinarea numrului de by small areas, to determine the number of
emigrani (persoane din Romnia care i-au emigrants (persons from Romania who changed
schimbat reedina obinuit n alte ri); their usual residence in other countries);

37
 Serii anuale de fluxuri de migraie (imigrani i  Annual migration flows series (immigrants and
emigrani) transmise de oficiile naionale de statistic emigrants) sent by the national statistical offices
din Italia i Spania ncepnd cu datele pentru anul from Italy and Spain beginning with 2002 data;
2002;
 Statistici n oglind privind migraia internaional  Mirror statistics regarding international migration
din baza de date a EUROSTAT ca valori de referin from Eurostat database as benchmarks for the
(benchmark) pentru evaluarea calitii rezultatelor quality evaluation of the results from econometric
obinute prin aplicarea modelului econometric; model application;
 Statisticile privind migraia internaional sunt  Statistics on international migration are estimated
estimate n conformitate cu prevederile according to the stipulations of EC Regulation
Regulamentului (CE) nr.862/2007 al Parlamentului No 862/2007 of the European Parliament and of the
European i al Consiliului din 11 iulie 2007 privind Council of July 11, 2007 regarding community
statisticile comunitare din domeniul migraiei i statistics from migration and international protection
proteciei internaionale i de abrogare a Regulamentului field and repealing the Council Regulation (EEC)
(CEE) nr.311/1976 al Consiliului privind elaborarea de No 311/1976 regarding the elaboration of statistics
statistici cu privire la lucrtorii strini; on foreign workers;
 Statisticile privind populaia rezident sunt estimate  Statistics on usual resident population are estimated
n conformitate cu prevederile Regulamentului (UE) according to the stipulations of EU Regulation
nr.1260/2013 al Parlamentului European i al No 1260/2013 of the European Parliament and of
Consiliului din 20 noiembrie 2013 privind statisticile the Council of November 20, 2013 regarding
demografice europene. European demographic statistics.

Surse administrative: Administrative sources:


 Baza de date a Ministerului Afacerilor Interne, privind  Database of Ministry of Internal Affairs, for persons
evidena persoanelor, pentru populaia dup evidence, for the permanent resident population,
domiciliu, migraia intern (cu schimbarea internal migration (with domicile change and
domiciliului i stabilirea reedinei) i internaional residence settlement) and international (final)
(definitiv) determinat de schimbarea domiciliului. migration determined by domicile change.

PRECIZRI METODOLOGICE METHODOLOGICAL NOTES

n statisticile oficiale, populaia este calculat dup In official statistics, the population is calculated by
dou dimensiuni: two dimensions:
populaia rezident, conform criteriului reedinei usual resident population, according to the criterion
obinuite pe teritoriul Romniei pentru o perioad de of usual residence on the territory of Romania for at
cel puin 12 luni, indiferent de cetenie, comparabil least 12 months period, no matter of citizenship,
cu rezultatele Recensmntului Populaiei i al comparable with the results of the Population and
Locuinelor din octombrie 2011 i cu celelalte state Housing Census of October 2011 and with the other
membre ale Uniunii Europene; member states of the European Union;
populaia dup domiciliu, conform criteriului de permanent resident population, according to the
domiciliu pe teritoriul Romniei, numai pentru criterion of permanent residence on the territory of
persoanele cu cetenie romn. Romania, only for the persons with Romanian
citizenship.
Populaia rezident reprezint totalitatea Usual resident population represents all the
persoanelor cu cetenie romn, strini i fr cetenie, persons with Romanian citizenship, foreigners and
care au reedina obinuit pe teritoriul Romniei. without citizenship, who have their usual residence on
Populaia rezident la o anumit dat a fost determinat Romanian territory. Usual resident population at a
conform metodologiei i reglementrilor internaionale n certain date was determined according to international
domeniu. methodology and regulations in this field.
Reedina obinuit reprezint locul n care o Usual residence represents the place where
persoan i petrece n mod obinuit perioada zilnic de one person usually spends daily rest period, without
odihn, fr a ine seama de absenele temporare pentru having in view temporary absences for recreation,
recreere, vacane, vizite la prieteni i rude, afaceri, holidays, visits to friends and relatives, business,
tratamente medicale sau pelerinaje religioase. medical treatments or religious pilgrimages.

38
Se consider c i au reedina obinuit ntr-o zon There are considered as having their usual residence in
geografic specific doar persoanele care au locuit la a specific geographical zone only persons who lived at
reedina obinuit o perioad nentrerupt de cel puin that usual residence for 12 months continous period at
12 luni nainte de momentul de referin. Reedina least before the reference moment. Usual residence can
obinuit poate s fie aceeai cu domiciliul sau poate s be the same with the permanent residence or can be
difere, n cazul persoanelor care aleg s-i stabileasc different, in case of persons who choose to settle their
reedina obinuit n alt localitate dect cea de usual residence in another locality than that of
domiciliu din ar sau strintate. permanent residence from the country or from abroad.
Populaia pentru anii intercenzitari s-a determinat pe The population for the inter-censuses years was
baza datelor de la recensminte i a datelor referitoare determined based on data from censuses and data
la micarea natural i migratorie, n felul urmtor: regarding natural or migratory movement, as follows:
a) pentru perioadele 1960-1965 i 1966-1976 pe a) for 1960-1965 and 1966-1976 periods based on the
baza rezultatelor recensmintelor din anii 1956 i results of censuses carried out in 1956 and 1966
1966 i a datelor asupra sporului natural i migraiei and data on natural increase and migration in those
din anii respectivi; years;
b) pentru perioada 1977-1991 pe baza rezultatelor b) for 1977-1991 period based on the results of the
recensmntului din anul 1977 i a datelor asupra 1977 census and data on natural increase and
sporului natural i migraiei interne i internaionale internal and international migration with the
cu schimbarea domiciliului din anii respectivi; permanent residence change, in the respective
ncepnd cu anul 1979 s-a inclus i migraia intern years; since 1979, internal migration with the
cu schimbarea de reedin; residence change was included;
c) pentru perioada 1992-2001 pe baza rezultatelor c) for the 1992-2001 period based on the results of
recensmntului din anul 1992 i a datelor asupra 1992 census and data on natural increase and
sporului natural i migraiei interne i internaionale internal and international migration in the respective
din anii respectivi; datele includ fenomenul migratoriu years; data include the migratory phenomenon,
care este subevaluat, singurele date disponibile fiind which is under - assessed, the only ones available
cele din sursele administrative; data being those from administrative sources;
d) pentru perioada dintre ultimele dou recensminte, d) for the period between the last two censuses,
respectiv 2002-2011, datele se refer la populaia respectively 2002-2011, data refer to usual resident
rezident care a fost reestimat n condiii de population re-estimated under comparability
comparabilitate cu rezultatele finale ale conditions with final results of the Population and
Recensmntului Populaiei i al Locuinelor din Housing Census of 2011;
anul 2011;
e) Populaia rezident a Romniei la 1 ianuarie 2012 e) The usual resident population on January 1st, 2012,
s-a calculat plecnd de la populaia cu reedina was calculated based on the population with usual
obinuit n Romnia la momentul critic al residence in Romania at the critical moment of the
Recensmntului Populaiei i al Locuinelor - 2011 Population and Housing Census - 2011
(20 octombrie 2011), la care s-au adugat (October 20, 2011), to which the following elements
urmtoarele elemente: were added:
sporul natural al populaiei din perioada natural increase of the population between
20 octombrie - 31 decembrie 2011 (numrul Octomber 20 - December 31, 2011 (the number of
nscuilor-vii minus numrul decedailor); live-births minus the number of deceased);
soldul micrii migratorii internaionale din perioada balance of international migratory movement during
20 octombrie - 31 decembrie 2011, determinat ca October 20 - December 31, 2011, determined as
diferen ntre numrul imigranilor (ceteni romni, difference between the number of immigrants
strini sau fr cetenie care i-au stabilit reedina (Romanian citizens, foreigners or without citizenship
obinuit n Romnia) i numrul emigranilor who settled their usual residence in Romania) and
(ceteni romni care i-au stabilit reedina number of emigrants (Romanian citizens who settled
obinuit n strintate); their usual residence abroad);
soldul micrii migratorii interne cu schimbarea balance of internal migratory movement with change
domiciliului din perioada 20 octombrie - in domicile during October 20 - December 31, 2011
31 decembrie 2011, determinat ca diferen ntre determined as the difference between the number of
numrul persoanelor care au sosit ntr-un jude i persons arriving in a county and the number of
numrul persoanelor plecate din jude; persons leaving it;

39
soldul micrii migratorii interne cu stabilirea balance of internal migratory movement with
reedinei la 1 ianuarie 2012, determinat ca residence settlement on January 1st, 2012
diferen ntre numrul persoanelor care aveau determined as difference between the number of
reedina n jude i domiciliul n alt jude la persons having the residence in the county and the
1 ianuarie i persoanele care aveau domiciliul n domicile in another county on January 1st and the
jude i reedina n alt jude la aceeai dat. Au fost persons having the domicile in the county and the
luate n calcul doar personele care aveau declarat residence in another county at the same date. Only
schimbarea reedintei pentru 1 an; the persons who declared the change in residence
for one year were taken into account;
f) Dup 1 ianuarie 2012, populaia rezident la f) After January 1st, 2012, the usual resident
1 ianuarie a fost estimat n conformitate cu criteriul population on January 1st was estimated according
reedinei obinuite utiliznd metoda componentelor: to the usual residence criterion, using the
components method:
sporul natural al populaiei din fiecare an; population natural increase of each year;
soldul micrii migratorii internaionale din fiecare an; international migratory movement balance of each year;
soldul micrii migratorii interne cu schimbarea balance of internal migratory movement with the
domiciliului din fiecare an; change in permanent residence for each year;
soldul micarii migratorii interne cu schimbarea balance of internal migratory movement with the
reedinei pentru 12 luni, adic persoane care la data change in residence for 12 months, i.e. persons who,
de 1 ianuarie aveau reedina obinuit n alt jude on January 1st, had their usual residence in another
dect cel de domiciliu. county than the one where they had their domicile.
Populaia rezident la 1 iulie s-a determinat ca medie The usual resident population on July 1st was
aritmetic simpl dintre valorile populaiei rezidente determined as simple arithmetic mean between the values
la 1 ianuarie a doi ani consecutivi. of usual resident population on January 1st of two
successive years.
Datele privind populaia rezident sunt disponibile n The data on usual resident population are available
profil teritorial, la nivel naional, pe macroregiuni, regiuni at territorial and national level, by macroregion,
de dezvoltare i judee. development region and county.
Urmare a definitivrii datelor privind populaia Further to the finalization of data on usual resident
rezident la 1 ianuarie 2015, prezenta ediie a Anuarului population on January 1st, 2015, the current edition of
Statistic cuprinde i date corespunztoare populaiei the Statistical Yearbook also includes data on usual
rezidente la 1 iulie 2014, n varianta definitiv. resident population on July 1st, 2014 in final version.
Ca urmare a politicii de revizuire a datelor, populaia Further to data revision policy, the usual resident
rezident la 1 ianuarie 2014 a fost revizuit cu datele population on January 1st, 2014 was revised in
privind naterile i decesele nregistrate tardiv, de accordance with data on births and deaths, subject to late
asemenea sunt cuprinse i date corespunztoare registration, also comprising data corresponding to usual
populaiei rezidente la 1 iulie 2013, n varianta revizuit. resident population on July 1st, 2013, revised version.
Populaia rezident la 1 iulie 2015 i ratele The usual resident population on July 1st, 2015
aferente anului 2015 sunt provizorii. and the related rates for 2015 are provisional.
Populaia dup domiciliu reprezint numrul Permanent resident population represents the
persoanelor cu cetenie romn i domiciliul pe number of persons with Romanian citizenship and
teritoriul Romniei, delimitat dup criterii permanent residence on the territory of Romania,
administrativ-teritoriale. determined according to administrative-territorial criteria.
Domiciliul persoanei este adresa la care aceasta The permanent residence of the person is the
declar c are locuina principal, trecut n actul de address where he/she declares to have the main
identitate (CI, BI), aa cum este luat n evidena dwelling, registered in the identity card, as it is registered
organelor administrative ale statului. n stabilirea valorii by the state administrative bodies. To set up the value of
acestui indicator nu se ine cont de reedina obinuit, this indicator, the usual residence is not taken into
de perioada i/sau motivul absenei de la domiciliu. account as well as the period and/or reason of absence
Populaia dup domiciliu la 1 iulie 2014 a fost from the permanent residence.
estimat prin metoda componentelor, respectiv pornind Permanent resident population on July 1st, 2014 was
de la baza de date a Ministerului Afacerilor Interne privind estimated by the method of components, respectively
evidena persoanelor i ajustat cu numrul deceselor i starting from the database of the Ministry of Internal
al naterilor din perioada corespunztoare. Afffairs regarding the evidence of persons and adjusted
with the number of deaths and births during that period.

40
Dup 1 iulie 2014, populaia dup domiciliu a fost After July 1st, 2014, the population by permanent
estimat semestrial, n conformitate cu criteriul residence was half-yearly estimated, according to the
domiciliului, utiliznd metoda componentelor: usual residence criterion, using the components method:
sporul natural al populaiei din fiecare semestru; population natural increase in each semester;
soldul micrii migratorii internaionale cu balance of international migratory movement with
schimbarea domiciliului din fiecare semestru; the change in usual residence from each semester;
soldul micrii migratorii interne cu schimbarea balance of domestic migratory movement with the
domiciliului din fiecare semestru. change in usual residence from each semester.
Datele privind populaia dup domiciliu sunt Data regarding the permanent resident population are
disponibile n profil teritorial, pe urmtoarele niveluri de available at territorial level, at the following levels of detail:
detaliere: nivel naional, macroregiuni, regiuni de national level, macroregion, development region, county
dezvoltare, judee i localiti. and locality.
Indicatorul este relevant n dimensionarea populaiei la The indicator is relevant for estimating the population
nivel de localitate, acesta fiind singurul indicator de at locality level, as the only indicator on population
populaie disponibil la acest nivel de dezagregare n profil available at this level of disaggregation on territorial profile.
teritorial.
Populaia dup domiciliu la 1 iulie 2016 este Permanent resident population on July 1st, 2016
provizorie. is provisional.
Micarea migratorie internaional s-a determinat: International migration flows are determined:
pentru perioada anterioar anului 2002: numai pe for the period previous to 2002: only based on data
baza datelor provenite din surse administrative from administrative sources regarding international
referitoare la migraia internaional (definitiv) (final) migration determined by change of
determinat de schimbarea domiciliului; permanent residence;
pentru anul 2002 i perioada ulterioar: pe baza for 2002 and next period: based on data from
datelor provenite din surse administrative referitoare administrative sources regarding international
la migraia internaional (definitiv) determinat de (final) migration determined by change of
schimbarea domiciliului, modelului econometric permanent residence; the econometric model
bazat pe tehnici de estimare pe domenii mici pentru based on estimation techniques on small areas to
determinarea numrului de emigrani (persoane din determine the number of emigrants (persons from
Romnia care i-au schimbat reedina obinuit n Romania who changed their usual residence in
alte ri), seriilor de fluxuri de migraie other countries); annual migration flows series
(imigrani i emigrani) transmise de oficiile (immigrants and emigrants) sent by national
naionale de statistic din Italia i Spania pentru statistical offices from Italy and Spain for
perioada 2002-2014, statisticilor disponibile la 2002-2014 period; Eurostat available statistics,
Eurostat, conform datelor furnizate pentru Romnia according to the data provided for Romania by other
de alte ri, referitor la fenomenul migraiei (statistici countries, regarding the migration phenomenon
n oglind). (mirror statistics).
Migraia internaional reprezint schimbarea International migration represents the usual
reedinei obinuite n alt ar i respectiv, din alt ar residence change in another country and respectively
n Romnia. from another country to Romania.
Emigraie nseamn aciunea prin care o persoan Emigration means the action by which one person
care a avut anterior reedina obinuit pe teritoriul who had the previous usual residence on the Romanian
Romniei nceteaz s mai aib reedina obinuit pe territory ceases to have his/her usual residence for a
teritoriul acesteia pentru o perioad care este sau se period that is, or is expected to be of at least 12 months.
ateapt s fie de cel puin 12 luni.
Imigraie nseamn aciunea prin care o persoan Immigration means the action by which a person
i stabilete reedina obinuit pe teritoriul Romniei settles his/her usual residence on the Romanian
pentru o perioad care este sau se ateapt s fie de territory for a period that is, or is expected to be, of at
cel puin 12 luni, dup ce, n prealabil, a avut reedina least 12 months, previously having the usual residence
obinuit ntr-o alt ar. in another country.
Migraia internaional se poate clasifica n funcie International migration can be classified
de modalitatea de edere pe teritoriul altui stat (domiciliu according to the type of residence on the territory of
sau reedin), n urmtoarele categorii: another state (permanent or usual residence), in the
following categories:

41
Migraie internaional definitiv determinat de International migration by change of permanent
schimbarea domiciliului se refer la persoane residence refers to persons who changed their
care i-au schimbat domiciliul permanent din i permanent residence from and to Romania;
n Romnia;
Migraie internaional temporar de lung International migration by change of usual
durat determinat de schimbarea reedinei residence refers to persons who changed their
obinuite se refer la persoane care i-au schimbat usual residence from and to Romania for 12 months
reedina obinuit din i n Romnia pentru o period at least.
perioad de cel puin 12 luni.
Fluxul de emigrani reprezint numrul emigranilor Emigrants flow represents the number of emigrants
care au avut anterior reedina obinuit pe teritoriul who previously had the usual residence on the Romanian
Romniei i i-au stabilit reedina obinuit n alt ar territory and settled their usual residence in another
pentru o perioad de cel puin 12 luni, n anul de referin. country for 12 months period at least in the reference year.
Fluxul de imigrani reprezint numrul imigranilor Immigrants flow represents the number of
(ceteni romni, strini sau fr cetenie) care, anterior, immigrants (Romanian citizens, foreigners or without
au avut reedina obinuit n alt ar i citizenship) who previously had the usual residence in
i-au stabilit reedina obinuit pe teritoriul another country and settled their usual residence on
Romniei pentru o perioad de cel puin 12 luni, n anul the Romanian territory for 12 months period at least,
de referin. in the reference year.
Soldul migraiei internaionale reprezint diferena International migration balance represents the
dintre fluxul de imigrani i fluxul de emigrani, n perioada difference between the immigrants flow and the
de referin. emigrants flow in the reference period.
Repartizarea populaiei pe medii de reziden Population breakdown by residence areas was
s-a realizat astfel: done as follows:
pentru perioada 1960-1965, n mediul urban sunt for 1960-1965 period, urban area includes
cuprinse municipiile, oraele i cele 183 localiti municipalities, towns and the 183 localities
asimilate mediului urban; assimilated to the urban area;
pentru anii 1966 i 1967, n mediul urban sunt for 1966 and 1967, urban area includes
incluse datele referitoare la municipii, orae i 238 municipalities, towns and 238 communes
comune asimilate urbanului; assimilated to the urban area;
ncepnd cu anul 1968, n mediul urban sunt starting with 1968, urban area includes only
cuprinse numai municipiile i oraele. municipalities and towns.
Vrsta este exprimat n ani mplinii (de exemplu, o Age is expressed in the years reached during the
persoan care are vrsta de 24 ani i 11 luni la 1 iulie, year (for instance, a person of 24 years old and
este cuprins la vrsta de 24 ani). 11 months at July 1st, is considered to be of
24 years old).
Sfera de cuprindere a fenomenelor demografice: The coverage of demographic phenomena:
pentru perioada 1960-2011, numrul nscuilor-vii i for 1960-2011 period, the number of live-births and
al deceselor include toate persoanele nscute i deaths includes all the persons born and
respectiv, decedate ntr-un an calendaristic, respectively deceased, during a calendar year, no
indiferent unde a avut loc acest fenomen demografic matter of the place of this demographic
(n Romnia sau n strintate); phenomenon (in Romania or abroad);
pentru anii 2012 i 2013 sunt incluse doar naterile for 2012 and 2013, only births and deaths taking
i decesele care au avut loc pe teritoriul Romniei, place on Romanias territory are included, births and
naterile i decesele persoanelor care au reedina deaths of persons with their usual residence abroad
obinuit n strintate nefiind incluse; being not included;
ncepnd cu anul 2014 sunt inclui numai nscuii-vii beginning with 2014, only the live-births and deaths
respectiv decedaii cu reedina obinuit n having their usual residence in Romania were
Romnia; included;
pentru perioada 1960-2014, numrul nscuilor-mori for 1960-2014 period, stillbirths number
include nscuii-mori ai cror mame aveau, la includes stillbirths whose mother had, at the time of
momentul naterii copilului, domiciliul n Romnia; child birth, her permanent residence in Romania;
ncepnd cu anul 2015 sunt inclui numai nscuii-mori beginning with 2015, only the stillbirths whose
ai cror mame aveau, la momentul naterii copilului, mother had, at the time of child birth, her usual
reedina obinuit n Romnia. residence in Romania were included.

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Definiiile evenimentelor demografice sunt n The definitions of vital events are in compliance
concordan cu principiile i recomandrile Comisiei de with the principles and recommendations of the United
Statistic a Organizaiei Naiunilor Unite astfel: Nations Statistical Commission so:
nscut-viu este produsul concepiei, expulzat sau live-birth is a product of conception completely
extras complet din corpul mamei, independent de ejected or extracted from the mothers body,
durata sarcinii i care, dup aceast separare, regardless of the pregnancy duration, who after this
prezint un semn de via (respiraie, activitate separation gives a sign of life (respiration, heart
cardiac, pulsaii ale cordonului ombilical sau activity, beats of umbilical cord or muscular
contracii musculare dependente de voin); contractions dependent on will);
nscut-mort este produsul concepiei, expulzat sau stillbirth child is a product of conception completely
extras complet din corpul mamei dup o durat a ejected or extracted from the mothers body after a
sarcinii de cel puin 28 sptmni i care, dup pregnancy duration of at least 28 weeks who, after
aceast separare, nu prezint niciun semn de this separation, gives no sign of life;
via;
decedat este persoana creia i-au ncetat definitiv deceased is the person whose vital functions
funciile vitale dup trecerea unui timp oarecare de definitively ceased after a certain time passed from
la natere; his/her birth;
cstoria reprezint uniunea dintre un brbat i o marriage is a union between a man and a woman,
femeie, ncheiat n condiiile legii; freely consented, concluded according to the
legislation;
divorul reprezint desfacerea unei cstorii divorce is the dissolution of a legally
ncheiate legal, printr-o hotrre definitiv a concluded marriage, according to a final decision of
instanei judectoreti, a ofierului de stare civil sau the court, civil status officer or notary.
a unui notar public. Datele se refer la cererile de Data are referring only to dissolutions of marriages
divor pentru care desfacerea cstoriei a fost admitted.
admis.
Ratele fenomenelor demografice (nateri i Demographic phenomena rates (births and
decese) s-au calculat cu populaia dup domiciliu la 1 iulie deaths) are calculated with the permanent resident
a fiecrui an, pn n anul 2011. ncepnd cu anul 2012, population on July 1st of each year, till 2011. Beginning
ratele fenomenelor demografice (nateri i decese) sunt with 2012, demographic phenomena rates (births and
calculate folosind popuaia rezident la 1 iulie a fiecrui an. deaths) are calculated with the usual resident population
at July 1st of each year.
Ratele fenomenelor demografice (cstorii i Demographic phenomena rates (marriages and
divoruri) se calculeaz cu populaia dup domiciliu la divorces) are calculated with the permanent resident
1 iulie a fiecrui an. population on July 1st of each year.
Ratele migraiei interne determinate de Internal migration rates determined by permanent
schimbarea domiciliului se calculeaz cu populaia residence change are calculated with the permanent
dup domiciliu la 1 iulie a fiecrui an. resident population on July 1st of each year.
Sporul natural reprezint diferena dintre numrul Natural increase is the balance between the number of
nscuilor-vii i numrul persoanelor decedate, n anul de live-births and the number of deaths in the reference year.
referin.
Rata de natalitate reprezint numrul de nscui-vii Birth rate is the ratio between the number of
dintr-un an raportat la populaia la 1 iulie din live-births in a year and the population on July 1st from
anul respectiv i se exprim n numr de nscui-vii la that year and is expressed by the number of
1000 locuitori. live-births per 1000 inhabitants.
Rata general de fertilitate reprezint numrul General fertility rate is the ratio between the
nscuilor-vii dintr-un an raportat la populaia feminin de number of live-births in a year and the female population
15-49 ani, la 1 iulie din anul respectiv i se exprim n aged 15 to 49 years on July 1st from that year and is
numrul de nscui-vii la 1000 femei de vrst fertil expressed by the number of live-births by 1000 women of
(15-49 ani). fertile age (15 to 49 years).
Indicele conjunctural al fertilitii (rata total de Total fertility rate is the average number of children
fertilitate) reprezint numrul mediu de copii pe care who would be born to a woman during her fertile lifetime,
i-ar nate o femeie n cursul vieii sale fertile, n condiiile conforming to fertility rates of a given year.
fertilitii anului respectiv.

43
Rata de mortalitate reprezint numrul Mortality rate is the ratio between the number of
persoanelor decedate dintr-un an raportat la populaia deaths in a year and the population on July 1st from that
la 1 iulie din anul respectiv i se exprim n numr de year and is expressed by the number of deaths per
decese la 1000 locuitori. 1000 inhabitants.
Sperana de via la natere (durata medie a Life expectancy at birth is the average number of
vieii) reprezint numrul mediu de ani pe care i are years an infant would live, if he/she lived all his/her life
de trit un nou-nscut, dac ar tri tot restul vieii n under the conditions of mortality by age corresponding
condiiile mortalitii pe vrste din perioada de referin to the life table.
a tabelei de mortalitate.
Rata mortalitii infantile reprezint numrul de Infant mortality rate is the ratio between the
decese n vrst sub 1 an dintr-un an raportat la numrul number of deaths under 1 year in a year and the
de nscui-vii din acelai an i se exprim n numrul de live-births of the same year and is expressed by the
decese n vrst sub 1 an la 1000 nscui-vii din acelai an. number of deaths under 1 year per 1000 live-births.
Rata de mortinatalitate reprezint numrul anual Late foetal death rate is the ratio between the
de nscui-mori dintr-un an, raportat la numrul de number of stillbirths in a year and the total number of
nscui-vii i mori din acelai an i se exprim n live-births and late foetal deaths in the same year and is
numrul de nscui-mori la 1000 nscui-vii i mori din expressed by the number of stillbirths per 1000
anul respectiv. live-births and late foetal deaths.
Rata de nupialitate reprezint numrul cstoriilor Marriage rate is the ratio between the number of
dintr-un an raportat la populaia la 1 iulie din marriages in a year and the population on July 1st from
anul respectiv i se exprim n numr de cstorii la that year and it is expressed by the number of marriages
1000 locuitori. per 1000 inhabitants.
Rata de divorialitate reprezint numrul Divorce rate is the ratio between the number of
divorurilor dintr-un an raportat la populaia la 1 iulie din divorces in a year and the population at July 1st from
anul respectiv i se exprim n numr de divoruri la that year and is expressed by the number of divorces
1000 locuitori. per 1000 inhabitants.
Vrsta medie a unei populaii s-a determinat ca Average age of population is calculated as mean of
medie aritmetic a mijloacelor intervalelor, ponderat cu interval midpoints weighted with the number of persons
numrul persoanelor de vrst respectiv, dup of respective age, by formula:
formula:

x=
( x + 0,5) P x
x=
( x + 0.5) P x

P x P x

n care: where:

x = vrsta medie n ani mplinii x = average age in reached years

x = vrsta n ani mplinii x = age in reached years


Px = populaia n vrst de x ani Px = population of x year old
0,5 = constant (jumtate de an, considerat drept 0.5 = constant (half of year, considered as average
echivalent mediu al variaiei abaterilor fa de data equivalent of bias variation compared to the exact date
exact a mplinirii unei vrste oarecare). of reaching a certain age).

Repartizarea evenimentelor demografice n The territorial breakdowns of demographic


profil teritorial (pe judee) s-a fcut dup events are calculated according to the following criteria:
urmtoarele criterii:
pentru nscui-vii, pn n anul 2011 dup for live-births, by mothers permanent residence
domiciliul mamei; ncepnd cu anul 2012 dup until 2011, respectively by the mothers usual
reedina obinuit a mamei; residence beginning with year 2012;
pentru decese, pn n anul 2011 dup domiciliul for deaths, by permanent residence of the deceased
persoanei decedate; ncepnd cu anul 2012 dup person until 2011, respectively by the usual residence
reedina obinuit a persoanei decedate; of the deceased person beginning with year 2012;

44
pentru nscui-mori, pn n anul 2014 dup for stillbirths, by mothers permanent residence
domiciliul mamei; ncepnd cu anul 2015 dup until 2014, respectively by the mothers usual
reedina obinuit a mamei; residence beggining with year 2015;
pentru cstorii, dup locul nregistrrii cstoriei, for marriages, by place of marriage registration,
respectiv domiciliul unuia dintre cei doi soi; respectively by the permanent residence of one of the
two spouses;
pentru divoruri, dup ultimul domiciliu comun al for divorce, by the last common permanent residence
soilor. of the spouses.
Ratele fenomenelor demografice (nateri i The demographic phenomena rates by counties
decese) n profil teritorial (pe judee) au fost calculate (births and deaths) were calculated based on usual
cu populaia rezident la 1 iulie 2015 i sunt provizorii. resident population on July 1st, 2015 and are provisional.
Ratele fenomenelor demografice (cstorii i The demographic phenomena rates by counties
divoruri) n profil teritorial (pe judee) au fost (marriages and divorces) were calculated based on
calculate cu populaia dup domiciliu la 1 iulie 2015 i permanent resident population on July 1st, 2015 and
sunt definitive. are definitive.
Migraia intern reprezint schimbrile de Internal migration represents the changes of
domiciliu n interiorul granielor rii. permanent residence inside the borders of the country.
Schimbarea domiciliului s-a nregistrat n cazul Change of permanent residence was registered
persoanelor pentru care organele de poliie au nscris in case of persons for whom the police office recorded
noul domiciliu n cartea de identitate i n fia de the new permanent residence in the identity card and in
eviden a persoanei. ncepnd cu anul 1992, sunt the persons evidence file. Starting with 1992, the data
cuprinse i schimbrile de domiciliu dintr-un sector n also includes changes of permanent residence from
altul al Municipiului Bucureti. Nu sunt incluse one sector to another within Bucharest Municipality. The
schimbrile de domiciliu n interiorul aceleiai localiti changes within the same town or sector, or from one
sau n acelai sector i nici dintr-un sat n altul, n cadrul village to another one which belongs to the same
aceleiai comune. commune, are not included.

CARACTERUL DATELOR DATA TYPE

Date provizorii privind populaia dup Provisional data related to population by


domiciliu / reedina obinuit sunt acele date care nu permanent / usual residence are those which do not
cuprind toate evenimentele demografice produse n include all births and deaths occurred in the reference
perioada de referin din cauza indisponibilitii period because of unavailability of information on
informaiilor corespunztoare fenomenelor demografice demographic events recorded lately in Romania and of
nregistrate tardiv pe teritoriul Romniei, precum i a final estimates on international migration.
estimaiilor finale privind migraia internaional.
Datele absolute semidefinitive privind Absolute semi-final data related to vital
fenomenele demografice reprezint datele absolute statistics represent the absolute provisional data
provizorii aferente acestora nregistrate n anul de recorded in the reference year N, summing up with
referin N, la care s-au adugat fenomenele demographical events recorded lately in Romania
demografice nregistrate tardiv n Romnia pe parcursul during the first 2 months of the year N+1 and the
primelor 2 luni ale anului N+1 i s-au sczut fenomenele demographic events recorded in the year N-1 were
aferente anului N-1 nregistrate n anul N. reduced from data recorded in year N.
Date absolute definitive privind fenomenele Absolute final data related to vital statistics
demografice reprezint datele absolute semidefinitive represent the absolute semi-final data recorded in the
aferente acestora nregistrate n anul de referin N, la care reference year N, summing up with demographical
s-au adugat fenomenele demografice nregistrate tardiv events recorded lately in Romania during the first 9
n Romnia pe parcursul primelor 9 luni ale anului N+1. months of the year N+1.
Ratele care au caracter de date provizorii sunt Provisional rates, are the rates calculated dividing
ratele calculate prin raportarea a doi indicatori statistici, two statistical indicators, from which at least one is
dintre care cel puin unul are caracter provizoriu provisional (it will be re-calculate after publication).
(urmeaz a fi recalculat ulterior publicrii).

45
Datele revizuite privind fenomenele The revised data on demographic phenomena
demografice (nateri i decese) aferente lunilor din (births and deaths) for the months of the year 2013
anul 2013 reprezint datele absolute definitive aferente are absolute final data relating to demographic
fenomenelor demografice (naterilor i deceselor) phenomena (births and deaths) recorded in 2013, to
nregistrate n anul 2013, la care s-au adugat which were added phenomena (births and deaths)
fenomenele (naterile i decesele) nregistrate tardiv n recorded later in the years 2014, 2015, 2016, but
anii 2014, 2015, 2016, dar care s-au petrecut n anul 2013. occurred in 2013. The data for stillbirths, were not
Datele pentru nscuii-mori nu au suportat revizuire. revised.

Populaia pe medii, la 1 iulie


2.G1 Population by area, on July 1

%
100

80
67,9 63,1 54,2 45,7 45,4 45,4 47,1 47,0 46,1 45,0 44,6 45,1 45,9 46,1 46,1 46,0 46,0 46,1 46,1 46,2

60

40
54,3 54,6 54,6 52,9 53,0 53,9 55,0 55,4 54,9 54,1 53,9 53,9 54,0 54,0 53,9 53,9 53,8
45,8
20
36,9
32,1
0
1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 20151)

Urban Rural

Not: Pentru perioada 2002 - 2015, datele se refer la populaia rezident la 1 iulie a fiecrui an, estimat n condiii de comparabilitate
cu rezultatele definitive ale Recensmntului Populaiei i al Locuinelor - 2011.
Note: For the 2002 - 2015 period, the data refer to the usual resident population on July 1st of each year, estimated under the conditions
of comparability with the final results of the Population and Housing Census - 2011.
1) Date provizorii. / Provisional data.

1)
2.G2 Populaia rezident, pe sexe i medii, la 1 iulie 2015
Usual resident population, by sex and area, on July 1, 2015
1)

48,9% 53,8%

51,1% 46,2%

Masculin / Male Urban


Feminin / Female Rural

1) Date provizorii. / Provisional data.

46
1)
Populaia rezident, pe vrste i sexe, la 1 iulie 2015
2.G3 Usual resident population, by age and sex, on July 1, 2015
1)

Vrsta
Age

100

95

90
Masculin Feminin
Male Female
85

80

75

70

65

60

55

50

45

40

35

30

25

20

15

10
Mii persoane Mii persoane
Thou persons 5 Thou persons

0
250 200 150 100 50 0 0 50 100 150 200 250

1) Date provizorii. / Provisional data.

47
Natalitatea, mortalitatea i sporul natural al populaiei
2.G4 Birth rate, mortality and natural increase

rate (la 1000 locuitori) / rates (per 1000 inhabitants)


30

25

20

15

10

0
1)
1960 1965 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015

Natalitate / Birth rate Mortalitate / Mortality rate


Sporul natural pozitiv Sporul natural negativ
Positive natural increase Negative natural increase

Not: ncepnd cu anul 1992, ratele au fost recalculate ca urmare a diseminrii indicatorului Populaia dup domiciliu la 1 iulie.
Pentru perioada 2012-2015, ratele la 1000 locuitori au fost calculate cu populaia rezident la 1 iulie a fiecrui an, estimat
n condiii de comparabilitate cu rezultatele definitive ale Recensmntului Populaiei i al Locuinelor - 2011.
ncepnd cu anul 2014 sunt inclui numai nscuii-vii sau decedaii cu reedina obinuit n Romnia.
Note: Starting with 1992, the rates have been recalculated due to the dissemination of the Permanent residence population
at July 1st indicator.
For the 2012-2015 period, the rates per 1000 inhabitants, calculated based on usual resident population on July 1st of each year
were used, estimated under the conditions of comparability with the final results of the Population and Housing Census - 2011.
Beginning with 2014, only the live-births and deaths having their usual residence in Romania were considered.
1) Date provizorii. / Provisional data.

Durata medie a vieii, pe sexe (ani)


2.G5 Life expectancy, by sex (years)

70,3
2010
77,6
70,6
2011
77,9

2012 71,2
78,2
1) 71,7
2013
78,6
2) 72,0
2014 78,9
3) 72,0
2015 78,9

0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80
Masculin Feminin
Male Female

Not: Durata medie a vieii n anul de referin s-a calculat pe baza numrului populaiei i al deceselor pentru o perioad de trei ani.
Populaia luat n calcul a fost determinat pe baza sporului natural i a soldului migraiei internaionale definitive.
Note: Life expectancy in the reference year was computed based on population number and on number of deaths during a three years period.
The population taken into calculation was determined based on natural increase and final international migration.
1) Date revizuite. / Revised data.
2) Date definitive. / Final data.
3) Date semidefinitive. / Semi-final data.

48
Vrsta medie a mamei la natere i vrsta medie a mamei la prima natere,
n perioada 2010 - 2015
Average age of mother of any birth and average age of mother of first birth,
2.G6 during 2010 - 2015

vrsta medie a mamei la natere / average age of mother at birth

30 27,9 28,0 28,2 28,3


28 27,6 27,7 26,8 26,8
26,0 26,2 26,2 26,5
26
24
22
20
18
16
14
12
10
8
6
4
2
0
1) 1);2) 3);4) 4);5)
2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015

Vrsta medie a mamei la prima natere Vrsta medie a mamei la orice natere
Average age of mother at first birth Average age of mother at any birth

1) Datele se refer la vrsta medie a mamelor care au nscut pe teritoriul Romniei. Din acest motiv, datele nu sunt comparabile cu anii
precedeni. / Data refer only to average age of mothers who gave birth on Romanias territory. For this reason, the data is not comparable
with the previous years.
2) Date revizuite. / Revised data. 3) Date definitive. / Final data.
4) ncepnd cu anul 2014, datele se refer la vrsta medie a mamelor ai cror copii au reedina obinuit n Romnia.
Starting with 2014, data refer only to average age of mothers whose children have their usual residence in Romania.
5) Date semidefinitive. / Semi-final data.

Numrul de nscui-vii i numrul ntreruperilor de sarcin ale femeilor de 15-49 ani,


n perioada 2010 - 2015
Number of live-births and number of abortions of women aged 15-49 years,
2.G7 during 2010 - 2015

numr / number

230000 212199
210000 196242 1)
193103 2)
188599 185006
190000 180714
170000
150000
130000
110000 101271 102896
87477 85742
90000 77806
70447
70000
50000
0
2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015

ntreruperi de sarcin Nscui-vii


Abortions Live-births

Not: Nscuii-vii din anii 2012 i 2013 nu includ nscuii-vii din strintate. ncepnd cu anul 2014 sunt inclui numai nscuii-vii
cu reedina obinuit n Romnia.
Note: The live-births for 2012 and 2013 do not include live-births from abroad. Beginning with 2014 only the live-births having their usual
residence in Romania were considered.
1) Date revizuite. / Revised data.
2) Date provizorii. / Provisional data.

49
Rate de fertilitate, pe grupe de vrst
2.G8 Fertility rates, by age group

nscui-vii la 1000 femei / live-births per 1000 women


120

100
90,1

80 76,4
66,4 69,2
60,3
60 54,5

40 35,5 33,4
29,5
21,6
20
4,3 5,7
0,2 0,3
0
1)
2010 2015

15 - 19 ani / years 35 - 39 ani / years


20 - 24 ani / years 40 - 44 ani / years
25 - 29 ani / years 45 - 49 ani / years

30 - 34 ani / years

Not: Ratele pentru anii 2010 i 2015 au fost calculate cu populaia la 1 iulie a anului respectiv.
ncepnd cu anul 2014 sunt inclui numai nscuii-vii cu reedina obinuit n Romnia.
Note: Rates for 2010 and 2015 were computed using the usual resident population at July 1st of the respective year.
Beginning with 2014, only the live-births having their usual residence in Romania were considered.
1) Date provizorii. / Provisional data.

Evoluia cstoriilor i divorurilor


2.G9 Evolution of marriages and divorces

mii / thou

200

150
125,5
115,8 118,1
105,6 107,8 107,5
100

50 35,8
32,6 31,3 28,5 27,2 31,5

0
2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015

Cstorii Divoruri
Marriages Divorces

50
Fluxul de emigrani i imigrani determinat de schimbarea reedinei obinuite
2.G10 Emigrants and immigrants flow determined by change of usual residence

mii persoane/ thou persons


350

300

250
198,0 195,6 187,5
200 170,2 172,9
161,8
150
167,3 153,6
150,0 147,7
100 136,0 129,5

50

0
1)
2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Emigrani Imigrani
Emigrants Immigrants

Not: Date estimate.


Note: Estimated data.
1) Date provizorii. / Provisional data.

1) 2) 3)
Distribuia emigranilor i imigranilor , n anul 2015
2.G11 1) 2)
Breakdown of emigrants and immigrants , in 2015
3)

1) 2)
EMIGRANII , DUP ARA DE DESTINAIE IMIGRANII , DUP ARA DE PROVENIEN
1) 2)
EMIGRANTS , BY COUNTRY OF DESTINATION IMMIGRANTS , BY COUNTRY
OF PREVIOUS USUAL RESIDENCE
Danemarca
Denmark
2,2% Grecia
Austria Alte ri Marea Britanie Greece
Austria Other countries United Kingdom 2,1%
4,3% 10,4% Marea Britanie Spania
Belgia 4,6% Spain
United Kingdom
Belgium 28,3% Germania 29,3%
5,9% Germany
11,6%
Germania
Germany Italia
Italy
13,3%
11,6%

Spania
Spain Republica
14,8% Moldova Alte ri
Italia Moldova, Other countries
Italy Republic of 25,1%
20,8%
15,7%

Not: Date estimate.


Note: Estimated data.
1) Persoane din Romnia care i-au schimbat reedina obinuit n strintate n cursul anului de referin.
Persons from Romania who changed their usual residence abroad during the reference year.
2) Persoane cu cetenie strin, romn i fr cetenie care i-au stabilit reedina obinuit n Romnia n cursul anului de referin.
Persons with foreign, romanian and without citizenship who settled their usual residence in Romania during the reference year.
3) Date provizorii. / Provisional data.

51
2.1 Populaia rezident (stabil), pe sexe i medii
Usual resident population, by sex and area

Numrul locuitorilor n procente fa de total Numrul locuitorilor n procente fa de total


Inhabitants number As percentage of total Inhabitants number As percentage of total

Total Masculin Feminin Masculin Feminin Urban Rural Urban Rural


Male Female Male Female

1 iulie 1960 18403414 8981804 9421610 48,8 51,2 5912011 12491403 32,1 67,9 July 1, 1960
1 iulie 1961 18566932 9069012 9497920 48,8 51,2 6029978 12536954 32,5 67,5 July 1, 1961
1 iulie 1962 18680721 9130631 9550090 48,9 51,1 6109909 12570812 32,7 67,3 July 1, 1962
1 iulie 1963 18813131 9200997 9612134 48,9 51,1 6234043 12579088 33,1 66,9 July 1, 1963
1 iulie 1964 18927081 9261698 9665383 48,9 51,1 6317027 12610054 33,4 66,6 July 1, 1964
1 iulie 1965 19027367 9315510 9711857 49,0 51,0 6417124 12610243 33,7 66,3 July 1, 1965
15 martie 19661) 19103163 9351075 9752088 49,0 51,0 7305714 11797449 38,2 61,8 March 15, 19661)
1 iulie 1966 19140783 9371316 9769467 49,0 51,0 7343917 11796866 38,4 61,6 July 1, 1966
1 iulie 1967 19284814 9447715 9837099 49,0 51,0 7467928 11816886 38,7 61,3 July 1, 1967
1 iulie 1968 19720984 9670757 10050227 49,0 51,0 7144994 12575990 36,2 63,8 July 1, 1968
1 iulie 1969 20010178 9820125 10190053 49,1 50,9 7316065 12694113 36,6 63,4 July 1, 1969
1 iulie 1970 20252541 9945027 10307514 49,1 50,9 7464811 12787730 36,9 63,1 July 1, 1970
1 iulie 1971 20469658 10056431 10413227 49,1 50,9 7619873 12849785 37,2 62,8 July 1, 1971
1 iulie 1972 20662648 10156420 10506228 49,2 50,8 7776868 12885780 37,6 62,4 July 1, 1972
1 iulie 1973 20827525 10243280 10584245 49,2 50,8 7938819 12888706 38,1 61,9 July 1, 1973
1 iulie 1974 21028841 10347995 10680846 49,2 50,8 8142938 12885903 38,7 61,3 July 1, 1974
1 iulie 1975 21245103 10460119 10784984 49,2 50,8 8339229 12905874 39,3 60,7 July 1, 1975
1 iulie 1976 21445698 10564943 10880755 49,3 50,7 8555880 12889818 39,9 60,1 July 1, 1976
5 ianuarie 19771) 21559910 10626055 10933855 49,3 50,7 9395729 12164181 43,6 56,4 January 5, 19771)
1 iulie 1977 21657569 10677731 10979838 49,3 50,7 9517811 12139758 43,9 56,1 July 1, 1977
1 iulie 1978 21854622 10777854 11076768 49,3 50,7 9778831 12075791 44,7 55,3 July 1, 1978
1 iulie 1979 22048305 10875027 11173278 49,3 50,7 9886137 12162168 44,8 55,2 July 1, 1979
1 iulie 1980 22201387 10953637 11247750 49,3 50,7 10171618 12029769 45,8 54,2 July 1, 1980
1 iulie 1981 22352635 11029625 11323010 49,3 50,7 10484896 11867739 46,9 53,1 July 1, 1981
1 iulie 1982 22477703 11091465 11386238 49,3 50,7 10872275 11605428 48,4 51,6 July 1, 1982
1 iulie 1983 22553074 11128723 11424351 49,3 50,7 11054179 11498895 49,0 51,0 July 1, 1983
1 iulie 1984 22624505 11165086 11459419 49,3 50,7 11141775 11482730 49,2 50,8 July 1, 1984
1 iulie 1985 22724836 11214313 11510523 49,3 50,7 11370092 11354744 50,0 50,0 July 1, 1985
1 iulie 1986 22823479 11261467 11562012 49,3 50,7 11540494 11282985 50,6 49,4 July 1, 1986
1 iulie 1987 22940430 11319082 11621348 49,3 50,7 11770927 11169503 51,3 48,7 July 1, 1987
1 iulie 1988 23053552 11374681 11678871 49,3 50,7 11961847 11091705 51,9 48,1 July 1, 1988
1 iulie 1989 23151564 11422472 11729092 49,3 50,7 12311803 10839761 53,2 46,8 July 1, 1989

Not: Pentru perioada 2002 - 2015, datele se refer la populaia rezident la 1 iulie a fiecrui an, estimat n condiii de comparabilitate
cu rezultatele definitive ale Recensmntului Populaiei i al Locuinelor - 2011.
Note: For the 2002 - 2015 period, the data refer to the usual resident population on July 1st of each year, estimated under the conditions
of comparability with the final results of the Population and Housing Census - 2011.
1) Recensmnt. / Census.

52 53
2.1 Populaia rezident (stabil), pe sexe i medii - continuare
Usual resident population, by sex and area - continued

Numrul locuitorilor n procente fa de total Numrul locuitorilor n procente fa de total


Inhabitants number As percentage of total Inhabitants number As percentage of total

Total Masculin Feminin Masculin Feminin Urban Rural Urban Rural


Male Female Male Female

1 iulie 1990 23206720 11449147 11757573 49,3 50,7 12608844 10597876 54,3 45,7 July 1, 1990
1 iulie 1991 23185084 11435286 11749798 49,3 50,7 12552407 10632677 54,1 45,9 July 1, 1991
7 ianuarie 19921) 22810035 11213763 11596272 49,2 50,8 12391819 10418216 54,3 45,7 January 7, 19921)
1 iulie 1992 22788969 11200695 11588274 49,1 50,9 12367358 10421611 54,3 45,7 July 1, 1992
1 iulie 1993 22755260 11176390 11578870 49,1 50,9 12406204 10349056 54,5 45,5 July 1, 1993
1 iulie 1994 22730622 11156807 11573815 49,1 50,9 12427612 10303010 54,7 45,3 July 1, 1994
1 iulie 1995 22680951 11123977 11556974 49,0 51,0 12457195 10223756 54,9 45,1 July 1, 1995
1 iulie 1996 22607620 11080933 11526687 49,0 51,0 12411174 10196446 54,9 45,1 July 1, 1996
1 iulie 1997 22545925 11041414 11504511 49,0 51,0 12404690 10141235 55,0 45,0 July 1, 1997
1 iulie 1998 22502803 11012110 11490693 48,9 51,1 12347886 10154917 54,9 45,1 July 1, 1998
1 iulie 1999 22458022 10984529 11473493 48,9 51,1 12302729 10155293 54,8 45,2 July 1, 1999
1 iulie 2000 22435205 10968854 11466351 48,9 51,1 12244598 10190607 54,6 45,4 July 1, 2000
1 iulie 2001 22408393 10949490 11458903 48,9 51,1 12243748 10164645 54,6 45,4 July 1, 2001
18 martie 20021) 21680974 10568741 11112233 48,7 51,3 11435080 10245894 52,7 47,3 March 18, 20021)
1 iulie 2002 21675775 10564327 11111448 48,7 51,3 11456134 10219641 52,9 47,1 July 1, 2002
1 iulie 2003 21574365 10511908 11062457 48,7 51,3 11437954 10136411 53,0 47,0 July 1, 2003
1 iulie 2004 21451845 10451058 11000787 48,7 51,3 11563797 9888048 53,9 46,1 July 1, 2004
1 iulie 2005 21319673 10384483 10935190 48,7 51,3 11732958 9586715 55,0 45,0 July 1, 2005
1 iulie 2006 21193749 10320907 10872842 48,7 51,3 11748344 9445405 55,4 44,6 July 1, 2006
1 iulie 2007 20882980 10169596 10713384 48,7 51,3 11455494 9427486 54,9 45,1 July 1, 2007
1 iulie 2008 20537848 10000515 10537333 48,7 51,3 11102802 9435046 54,1 45,9 July 1, 2008
1 iulie 2009 20367437 9916107 10451330 48,7 51,3 10976558 9390879 53,9 46,1 July 1, 2009
1 iulie 2010 20246798 9856669 10390129 48,7 51,3 10922169 9324629 53,9 46,1 July 1, 2010
1 iulie 2011 20147657 9805108 10342549 48,7 51,3 10878099 9269558 54,0 46,0 July 1, 2011
20 octombrie 20111) 20121641 9788577 10333064 48,6 51,4 10858790 9262851 54,0 46,0 October 20, 20111)
1 iulie 2012 20060182 9770353 10289829 48,7 51,3 10823218 9236964 54,0 46,0 July 1, 2012
1 iulie 2013 2) 19988694 9756310 10232384 48,8 51,2 10772678 9216016 53,9 46,1 July 1, 20132)
1 iulie 2014 19913193 9728663 10184530 48,9 51,1 10726149 9187044 53,9 46,1 July 1, 2014
1 iulie 2015 3) 19819477 9681929 10137548 48,9 51,1 10668408 9151069 53,8 46,2 July 1, 20153)

Not: Pentru perioada 2002 - 2015, datele se refer la populaia rezident la 1 iulie a fiecrui an, estimat n condiii de comparabilitate
cu rezultatele definitive ale Recensmntului Populaiei i al Locuinelor - 2011.
Note: For the 2002 - 2015 period, the data refer to the usual resident population on July 1st of each year, estimated under the conditions
of comparability with the final results of the Population and Housing Census - 2011.
1)
Recensmnt. / Census.
2) Date revizuite. / Revised data.
3) Date provizorii. / Provisional data.

54 55
Populaia rezident, pe grupe de vrst i sexe, la 1 iulie
2.2 Usual resident population, by age group and sex, on July 1
numr persoane / number of persons
Grupa de vrst (ani)
Age group (years) 2010 2011 2012 20131) 2014 20152)

Total
Total 20246798 20147657 20060182 19988694 19913193 19819477
0-4 1050794 1042956 1018588 985349 960440 954600
5-9 1055894 1055782 1058078 1062299 1067148 1064495
10-14 1095101 1092151 1085580 1072924 1060881 1051777
15-19 1120135 1106819 1096839 1089489 1084575 1080039
20-24 1379146 1360947 1312142 1233464 1161098 1103210
25-29 1309551 1306861 1326630 1368574 1399152 1388899
30-34 1532749 1522832 1485686 1424668 1367664 1325448
35-39 1541949 1541082 1553568 1576747 1575417 1552329
40-44 1743639 1752638 1707996 1605213 1539532 1520318
45-49 1095164 1079457 1154939 1322996 1468443 1581134
50-54 1359407 1334917 1280710 1208749 1147226 1094774
55-59 1455686 1452163 1449331 1443001 1416026 1359947
60-64 1242119 1249567 1279039 1317155 1328012 1335191
65-69 895502 890736 898665 929540 986459 1062766
70-74 911493 901745 875629 834523 801889 774591
75-79 733994 731795 731728 737397 745825 743801
80-84 463746 462382 471116 482344 488622 493023
85 i peste / and over 260729 262827 273918 294262 314784 333135
Masculin / Male
Total 9856669 9805108 9770353 9756310 9728663 9681929
0-4 540074 536087 523552 506450 493505 490238
5-9 542746 542449 543426 545767 548356 546596
10-14 561842 560491 557071 550824 545102 540272
15-19 575017 567566 561769 557981 555367 552937
20-24 712566 702584 678614 640629 602982 570830
25-29 671150 669556 682333 709448 728766 724043
30-34 779479 773778 756058 728779 702313 681897
35-39 784693 784240 791589 804762 803630 791691
40-44 888075 892223 870740 821458 789254 779348
45-49 552672 545626 586293 675085 751219 809804
50-54 667406 656122 632334 601117 574019 550424
55-59 692860 690852 690403 689311 678657 654699
60-64 572734 575759 588739 606523 612214 616271
65-69 395034 393016 397278 411775 437580 471681
70-74 375118 371166 360758 344818 332965 322560
75-79 287367 285947 284786 285501 287422 285835
80-84 171555 170603 173494 177522 179296 180222
85 i peste / and over 86281 87043 91116 98560 106016 112581
Feminin / Female
Total 10390129 10342549 10289829 10232384 10184530 10137548
0-4 510720 506869 495036 478899 466935 464362
5-9 513148 513333 514652 516532 518792 517899
10-14 533259 531660 528509 522100 515779 511505
15-19 545118 539253 535070 531508 529208 527102
20-24 666580 658363 633528 592835 558116 532380
25-29 638401 637305 644297 659126 670386 664856
30-34 753270 749054 729628 695889 665351 643551
35-39 757256 756842 761979 771985 771787 760638
40-44 855564 860415 837256 783755 750278 740970
45-49 542492 533831 568646 647911 717224 771330
50-54 692001 678795 648376 607632 573207 544350
55-59 762826 761311 758928 753690 737369 705248
60-64 669385 673808 690300 710632 715798 718920
65-69 500468 497720 501387 517765 548879 591085
70-74 536375 530579 514871 489705 468924 452031
75-79 446627 445848 446942 451896 458403 457966
80-84 292191 291779 297622 304822 309326 312801
85 i peste / and over 174448 175784 182802 195702 208768 220554

Not: Pentru perioada 2010 - 2015, datele se refer la populaia rezident la 1 iulie a fiecrui an, estimat n condiii de comparabilitate
cu rezultatele definitive ale Recensmntului Populaiei i al Locuinelor - 2011.
Note: For the 2010 - 2015 period, the data refer to the usual resident population on July 1st of each year, estimated under the
conditions of comparability with the final results of the Population and Housing Census - 2011.
1) Date revizuite. / Revised data.
2) Date provizorii. / Provisional data.

56
Populaia rezident pe vrste, sexe i medii, la 1 iulie 20141)
2.3 Usual resident population by age, sex and area, on July 1, 20141)
numr persoane / number of persons
Total Urban Rural
Ambele din care: Ambele din care: Ambele din care:
Vrsta (ani) sexe Feminin sexe Feminin sexe Feminin
Age (years) Both of which: Both of which: Both of which:
sexes Female sexes Female sexes Female

Total 19913193 10184530 10726149 5593735 9187044 4590795

0-4 960440 466935 508459 246515 451981 220420


0 186301 90489 101115 48995 85186 41494
1 185752 90215 99738 48331 86014 41884
2 182479 88771 96035 46586 86444 42185
3 195544 95153 102211 49589 93333 45564
4 210364 102307 109360 53014 101004 49293

5-9 1067148 518792 535996 260456 531152 258336


5 214974 104277 110685 53524 104289 50753
6 213531 103650 108472 52560 105059 51090
7 212087 103286 106593 51878 105494 51408
8 214140 104331 106692 52027 107448 52304
9 212416 103248 103554 50467 108862 52781

10-14 1060881 515779 485520 236603 575361 279176


10 209341 101675 99018 48220 110323 53455
11 208099 101178 96175 46783 111924 54395
12 208282 101303 94876 46192 113406 55111
13 215212 104612 97269 47396 117943 57216
14 219947 107011 98182 48012 121765 58999

15-19 1084575 529208 503468 248277 581107 280931


15 219180 106893 97950 48195 121230 58698
16 217760 106043 98854 48527 118906 57516
17 213878 104284 99082 48705 114796 55579
18 213826 104642 102004 50530 111822 54112
19 219931 107346 105578 52320 114353 55026

20-24 1161098 558116 638888 318790 522210 239326


20 220349 107180 107507 53409 112842 53771
21 217781 105069 113376 56507 104405 48562
22 221178 105821 123643 61702 97535 44119
23 235946 112776 136904 68417 99042 44359
24 265844 127270 157458 78755 108386 48515

25-29 1399152 670386 837288 413234 561864 257152


25 285792 136831 169867 84587 115925 52244
26 288479 137941 171138 84626 117341 53315
27 284898 136099 169613 83371 115285 52728
28 274767 131732 165470 81322 109297 50410
29 265216 127783 161200 79328 104016 48455

30-34 1367664 665351 814333 402993 553331 262358


30 252171 121975 151792 74779 100379 47196
31 249758 121276 149208 73636 100550 47640
32 271151 132041 162093 80170 109058 51871
33 291812 142345 173355 85970 118457 56375
34 302772 147714 177885 88438 124887 59276

35-39 1575417 771787 893804 448143 681613 323644


35 308266 151294 178340 89317 129926 61977
36 314495 154475 180762 90550 133733 63925
37 316462 155084 180446 90389 136016 64695
38 315830 154526 176966 88821 138864 65705
39 320364 156408 177290 89066 143074 67342

40-44 1539532 750278 835098 425205 704434 325073


40 306183 149234 166393 83789 139790 65445
41 291743 142223 155868 78934 135875 63289
42 298437 145456 159946 81434 138491 64022
43 310606 151305 168530 86275 142076 65030
44 332563 162060 184361 94773 148202 67287

1) Date definitive. / Final data.

57
Populaia rezident pe vrste, sexe i medii, la 1 iulie 20141) - continuare
2.3 Usual resident population by age, sex and area, on July 1, 20141) - continued
numr persoane / number of persons

Total Urban Rural


Ambele din care: Ambele din care: Ambele din care:
Vrsta (ani) sexe Feminin sexe Feminin sexe Feminin
Age (years) Both of which: Both of which: Both of which:
sexes Female sexes Female sexes Female

45-49 1468443 717224 846143 439832 622300 277392


45 366057 178483 208474 107656 157583 70827
46 388855 190011 227633 118208 161222 71803
47 297431 145027 173268 90063 124163 54964
48 205997 100573 116435 60823 89562 39750
49 210103 103130 120333 63082 89770 40048

50-54 1147226 573207 675601 358111 471625 215096


50 213202 105111 123897 65095 89305 40016
51 215932 107244 126638 66801 89294 40443
52 224960 112250 132620 70213 92340 42037
53 240187 120582 142442 75828 97745 44754
54 252945 128020 150004 80174 102941 47846

55-59 1416026 737369 854767 459378 561259 277991


55 264449 135322 157752 84681 106697 50641
56 275799 142690 166624 89745 109175 52945
57 286205 149047 173774 93421 112431 55626
58 296825 155575 180201 96697 116624 58878
59 292748 154735 176416 94834 116332 59901

60-64 1328012 715798 755801 408231 572211 307567


60 274128 145655 163189 87541 110939 58114
61 265077 141655 154714 82912 110363 58743
62 263088 141855 149544 80685 113544 61170
63 261255 142019 145382 78970 115873 63049
64 264464 144614 142972 78123 121492 66491

65-69 986459 548879 496928 277542 489531 271337


65 242211 133272 127835 70413 114376 62859
66 206690 114032 106720 59117 99970 54915
67 195950 108609 97400 54238 98550 54371
68 175973 98818 85830 48478 90143 50340
69 165635 94148 79143 45296 86492 48852

70-74 801889 468924 370295 218005 431594 250919


70 164206 94023 77476 44766 86730 49257
71 154082 89029 72549 42398 81533 46631
72 156583 91445 72697 42729 83886 48716
73 160916 94956 72998 43224 87918 51732
74 166102 99471 74575 44888 91527 54583

75-79 745825 458403 327686 203530 418139 254873


75 166423 101111 74931 46004 91492 55107
76 159538 97618 71183 44032 88355 53586
77 152687 93916 66806 41501 85881 52415
78 140381 86803 60545 37828 79836 48975
79 126796 78955 54221 34165 72575 44790

80-84 488622 309326 208038 134782 280584 174544


80 115883 72618 49357 31586 66526 41032
81 110108 69086 46670 30030 63438 39056
82 100427 63508 42344 27381 58083 36127
83 86236 55271 36894 24173 49342 31098
84 75968 48843 32773 21612 43195 27231

85 i peste / and over 314784 208768 138036 94108 176748 114660

1) Date definitive. / Final data.

58
Populaia rezident pe vrste, sexe i medii, la 1 iulie 20151)
2.4 Usual resident population by age, sex and area, on July 1, 20151)
numr persoane / number of persons
Total Urban Rural
Ambele din care: Ambele din care: Ambele din care:
Vrsta (ani) sexe Feminin sexe Feminin sexe Feminin
Age (years) Both of which: Both of which: Both of which:
sexes Female sexes Female sexes Female

Total 19819477 10137548 10668408 5569847 9151069 4567701

0-4 954600 464362 510559 247883 444041 216479


0 187709 91237 102516 49809 85193 41428
1 200754 97589 109360 53015 91394 44574
2 188322 91560 101168 49081 87154 42479
3 182659 88913 95858 46566 86801 42347
4 195156 95063 101657 49412 93499 45651

5-9 1064495 517899 540066 262372 524429 255527


5 210455 102388 110128 53429 100327 48959
6 214908 104303 110033 53246 104875 51057
7 213305 103681 107690 52255 105615 51426
8 211917 103284 106081 51675 105836 51609
9 213910 104243 106134 51767 107776 52476

10-14 1051777 511505 488088 237915 563689 273590


10 212067 103151 103032 50283 109035 52868
11 209014 101534 98494 47969 110520 53565
12 207811 101073 95706 46565 112105 54508
13 207923 101164 94390 45988 113533 55176
14 214962 104583 96466 47110 118496 57473

15-19 1080039 527102 494416 243912 585623 283190


15 218981 106617 97625 47841 121356 58776
16 218232 106432 97256 47870 120976 58562
17 216721 105684 97914 48166 118807 57518
18 213034 104037 99924 49435 113110 54602
19 213071 104332 101697 50600 111374 53732

20-24 1103210 532380 582817 291847 520393 240533


20 218497 106723 104947 52210 113550 54513
21 218438 106300 106779 53285 111659 53015
22 215549 104000 112564 56391 102985 47609
23 218478 104514 122697 61667 95781 42847
24 232248 110843 135830 68294 96418 42549

25-29 1388899 664856 828398 411360 560501 253496


25 263581 126199 156718 78750 106863 47449
26 283643 135819 168934 84414 114709 51405
27 285950 136617 170090 84278 115860 52339
28 282855 135271 168398 83014 114457 52257
29 272870 130950 164258 80904 108612 50046

30-34 1325448 643551 792749 392021 532699 251530


30 264468 127381 160439 78989 104029 48392
31 251343 121493 150956 74388 100387 47105
32 248832 120880 148242 73261 100590 47619
33 270106 131771 161025 79848 109081 51923
34 290699 142026 172087 85535 118612 56491

35-39 1552329 760638 887670 444565 664659 316073


35 301765 147281 176583 87862 125182 59419
36 307180 150722 176995 88659 130185 62063
37 313320 154033 179418 90040 133902 63993
38 315700 154700 179216 89847 136484 64853
39 314364 153902 175458 88157 138906 65745

40-44 1520318 740970 821217 416175 699101 324795


40 319232 155850 176015 88509 143217 67341
41 304875 148527 165103 83153 139772 65374
42 290413 141544 154642 78318 135771 63226
43 296873 144595 158431 80676 138442 63919
44 308925 150454 167026 85519 141899 64935

1) Date provizorii. / Provisional data.

59
Populaia rezident pe vrste, sexe i medii, la 1 iulie 20151) - continuare
2.4 Usual resident population by age, sex and area, on July 1, 20151) - continued
numr persoane / number of persons
Total Urban Rural
Ambele din care: Ambele din care: Ambele din care:
Vrsta (ani) sexe Feminin sexe Feminin sexe Feminin
Age (years) Both of which: Both of which: Both of which:
sexes Female sexes Female sexes Female

45-49 1581134 771330 901073 466895 680061 304435


45 330477 160973 182415 93768 148062 67205
46 363480 177201 206173 106486 157307 70715
47 386483 188815 225428 117085 161055 71730
48 296107 144419 171949 89413 124158 55006
49 204587 99922 115108 60143 89479 39779

50-54 1094774 544350 637128 337052 457646 207298


50 208438 102435 118829 62418 89609 40017
51 211607 104418 122401 64357 89206 40061
52 214160 106441 124997 65988 89163 40453
53 222761 111415 130660 69392 92101 42023
54 237808 119641 140241 74897 97567 44744

55-59 1359947 705248 814775 439226 545172 266022


55 250440 127137 147784 79247 102656 47890
56 261362 134236 155258 83574 106104 50662
57 272572 141704 163917 88711 108655 52993
58 282703 147896 170945 92319 111758 55577
59 292870 154275 176871 95375 115999 58900

60-64 1335191 718920 773558 419302 561633 299618


60 288760 153489 173159 93610 115601 59879
61 270329 144435 160236 86472 110093 57963
62 260955 140284 151605 81768 109350 58516
63 258701 140362 146444 79613 112257 60749
64 256446 140350 142114 77839 114332 62511

65-69 1062766 591085 547908 305636 514858 285449


65 259591 142933 139957 77098 119634 65835
66 237532 131580 125071 69420 112461 62160
67 202436 112471 104339 58205 98097 54266
68 191621 106951 95023 53329 96598 53622
69 171586 97150 83518 47584 88068 49566

70-74 774591 452031 361817 212805 412774 239226


70 160932 92219 76768 44298 84164 47921
71 159363 92004 75038 43752 84325 48252
72 148876 86832 69964 41315 78912 45517
73 150942 88920 70012 41555 80930 47365
74 154478 92056 70035 41885 84443 50171

75-79 743801 457966 329754 205105 414047 252861


75 158771 96000 71201 43316 87570 52684
76 158482 97168 71359 44245 87123 52923
77 151244 93414 67437 42153 83807 51261
78 143891 89342 63037 39572 80854 49770
79 131413 82042 56720 35819 74693 46223

80-84 493023 312801 210251 136218 282772 176583


80 117677 73930 50421 32071 67256 41859
81 106648 67343 45549 29388 61099 37955
82 100536 63633 42691 27755 57845 35878
83 90971 58036 38462 25130 52509 32906
84 77191 49859 33128 21874 44063 27985

85 i peste / and over 333135 220554 146164 99558 186971 120996

1) Date provizorii. / Provisional data.

60
Populaia dup domiciliu pe vrste, sexe i medii, la 1 iulie 20161)
2.5 Permanent resident population by age, sex and area, on July 1, 20161)
numr persoane / number of persons

Total Urban Rural


Ambele din care: Ambele din care: Ambele din care:
Vrsta (ani) sexe Feminin sexe Feminin sexe Feminin
Age (years) Both of which: Both of which: Both of which:
sexes Female sexes Female sexes Female

Total 22214995 11371446 12514299 6538160 9700696 4833286

0-4 1003616 487568 541558 262946 462058 224622


0 194330 94306 105845 51394 88485 42912
1 190103 92469 103302 50106 86801 42363
2 203590 99082 110005 53445 93585 45637
3 204964 99433 110238 53572 94726 45861
4 210629 102278 112168 54429 98461 47849

5-9 1135517 552044 608565 295178 526952 256866


5 214629 104658 116185 56557 98444 48101
6 230538 111747 124997 60344 105541 51403
7 232727 112804 124816 60263 107911 52541
8 229823 111949 122339 59600 107484 52349
9 227800 110886 120228 58414 107572 52472

10-14 1126118 547097 565370 274895 560748 272202


10 230350 111974 121362 58941 108988 53033
11 228934 111408 118363 57668 110571 53740
12 224331 108769 111839 54285 112492 54484
13 222257 108343 108293 52847 113964 55496
14 220246 106603 105513 51154 114733 55449

15-19 1151575 561568 545858 267431 605717 294137


15 229451 111792 109221 53372 120230 58420
16 233233 113480 109778 53458 123455 60022
17 232550 113639 109213 53514 123337 60125
18 233025 113533 110268 54094 122757 59439
19 223316 109124 107378 52993 115938 56131

20-24 1218547 594761 610456 303476 608091 291285


20 229893 112054 111242 54734 118651 57320
21 230096 112237 111461 55256 118635 56981
22 246556 120341 121983 60597 124573 59744
23 245498 119835 124897 62310 120601 57525
24 266504 130294 140873 70579 125631 59715

25-29 1712131 838467 989734 499559 722397 338908


25 265789 129633 146367 73570 119422 56063
26 351609 172310 200274 101278 151335 71032
27 353310 173838 205120 103802 148190 70036
28 364248 177812 215436 108398 148812 69414
29 377175 184874 222537 112511 154638 72363

30-34 1649050 804622 1009680 505269 639370 299353


30 333959 162878 203490 101932 130469 60946
31 349094 170460 214773 107646 134321 62814
32 316341 154076 193321 96556 123020 57520
33 307008 149973 187601 93987 119407 55986
34 342648 167235 210495 105148 132153 62087

35-39 1892665 925017 1140497 571091 752168 353926


35 365567 178435 223938 111963 141629 66472
36 374632 182990 228182 114117 146450 68873
37 383178 187360 230452 115474 152726 71886
38 382375 187118 228088 114391 154287 72727
39 386913 189114 229837 115146 157076 73968

40-44 1806089 884000 1023768 518691 782321 365309


40 377607 184168 219424 110056 158183 74112
41 383218 187318 220562 111119 162656 76199
42 358855 175308 203017 102630 155838 72678
43 338068 165801 186398 94960 151670 70841
44 348341 171405 194367 99926 153974 71479

1) Date provizorii. / Provisional data.

61
Populaia dup domiciliu pe vrste, sexe i medii, la 1 iulie 20161) - continuare
2.5 Permanent resident population by age, sex and area, on July 1, 20161) - continued
numr persoane / number of persons
Total Urban Rural
Ambele din care: Ambele din care: Ambele din care:
Vrsta (ani) sexe Feminin sexe Feminin sexe Feminin
Age (years) Both of which: Both of which: Both of which:
sexes Female sexes Female sexes Female

45-49 1950707 968867 1145485 601236 805222 367631


45 356908 176452 200611 104267 156297 72185
46 384629 190660 220497 115204 164132 75456
47 417592 207116 247224 129395 170368 77721
48 522836 261311 321018 169663 201818 91648
49 268742 133328 156135 82707 112607 50621

50-54 1203476 606683 727543 391113 475933 215570


50 232326 115702 136462 72665 95864 43037
51 239016 120245 142475 76699 96541 43546
52 241741 121596 146688 78532 95053 43064
53 239382 121500 147195 79452 92187 42048
54 251011 127640 154723 83765 96288 43875

55-59 1425524 740576 899901 490468 525623 250108


55 265860 135798 164977 89547 100883 46251
56 271741 139678 169774 92109 101967 47569
57 286698 148968 179958 98192 106740 50776
58 299760 157094 191763 105095 107997 51999
59 301465 159038 193429 105525 108036 53513

60-64 1422177 762517 898531 487304 523646 275213


60 304848 161429 196121 106585 108727 54844
61 315165 168173 201707 109434 113458 58739
62 267920 143833 170447 92608 97473 51225
63 273903 147756 171098 92473 102805 55283
64 260341 141326 159158 86204 101183 55122

65-69 1144755 635882 658043 363313 486712 272569


65 258271 141581 154718 84396 103553 57185
66 260728 144416 153003 84244 107725 60172
67 245563 136883 140456 77704 105107 59179
68 193256 107868 108924 60456 84332 47412
69 186937 105134 100942 56513 85995 48621

70-74 784095 456252 401667 232519 382428 223733


70 169519 96574 89104 50346 80415 46228
71 154405 89217 80029 46184 74376 43033
72 160400 93360 81614 47319 78786 46041
73 147641 86608 74697 43689 72944 42919
74 152130 90493 76223 44981 75907 45512

75-79 728974 449207 350256 214925 378718 234282


75 136326 82029 66966 39919 69360 42110
76 160127 97832 76765 46603 83362 51229
77 152548 94532 74021 45799 78527 48733
78 144331 89889 69089 42807 75242 47082
79 135642 84925 63415 39797 72227 45128

80-84 507095 322690 230807 147538 276288 175152


80 124345 78369 57308 36085 67037 42284
81 110316 70053 50009 31677 60307 38376
82 99691 63481 45466 29221 54225 34260
83 90444 57820 40800 26449 49644 31371
84 82299 52967 37224 24106 45075 28861

85 i peste / and over 352884 233628 166580 111208 186304 122420

1) Date provizorii. / Provisional data.

62
Populaia dup domiciliu a judeelor, municipiilor i oraelor, la 1 iulie 20161)
2.6 Permanent resident population of counties, municipalities and towns, on July 1, 20161)

Judee Numrul Judee Numrul


Municipii / Orae locuitorilor Municipii / Orae locuitorilor
Counties Inhabitants Counties Inhabitants
Municipalities / Towns number Municipalities / Towns number

ALBA 380051 BISTRIA-NSUD 329070

Alba Iulia 2) 74212 Bistria 2) 93388


Aiud 2) 26176 Beclean 12361
Blaj 2) 20941 Nsud 11768
Sebe 2) 32489 Sngeorz-Bi 11677
Abrud 5497
Baia de Arie 4053 BOTOANI 454664
Cmpeni 7590
Cugir 26575 Botoani 2) 121838
Ocna Mure 14545 Dorohoi 2) 31155
Teiu 7449 Bucecea 5399
Zlatna 7949 Drbani 12762
Flmnzi 11880
ARAD 473231 Sveni 8033
tefneti 6023
Arad 2) 178462
Chiineu-Cri 8413 BRAOV 631165
Curtici 8705
Ineu 9554 Braov 2) 290283
Lipova 11366 Codlea 2) 26041
Ndlac 7979 Fgra 2) 39624
Pncota 8067 Scele 2) 36080
Pecica 14115 Ghimbav 6022
Sntana 15651 Predeal 5147
Sebi 6413 Rnov 17742
Rupea 6147
ARGE 644522 Victoria 8742
Zrneti 26551
Piteti2) 175887
Cmpulung 2) 36702 BRILA 354275
2)
Curtea de Arge 33189
Costeti 10599 Brila 2) 209140
Mioveni 34441 Furei 4052
tefneti 15358 Ianca 11020
Topoloveni 9414 nsurei 7100

BACU 745279 BUZU 476851

Bacu 2) 196562 Buzu 2) 134830


Moineti 2) 24606 Rmnicu Srat 2) 40548
Oneti 2) 52280 Nehoiu 11151
Buhui 20783 Ptrlagele 7714
Comneti 23924 Pogoanele 7524
Drmneti 14751
Slnic-Moldova 5156 CARA-SEVERIN 326609
Trgu Ocna 13102
Reia 2) 87864
BIHOR 618453 Caransebe 2) 30284
Anina 9280
Oradea 2) 222229 Bile Herculane 5115
Beiu 2) 11409 Boca 19077
Marghita 2) 18157 Moldova Nou 13453
Salonta 2) 19300 Oravia 13232
Aled 11286 Oelu Rou 12566
Nucet 2145
Scueni 12689
tei 7383
Valea lui Mihai 11011
Vacu 2406

Not: Municipiile subliniate sunt reedin de jude. / Note: Underlined municipalities are county residences.
1) Date provizorii. / Provisional data.
2) Municipii. / Municipalities.

63
Populaia dup domiciliu a judeelor, municipiilor i oraelor,
la 1 iulie 20161) - continuare
Permanent resident population of counties, municipalities and towns,
2.6 on July 1, 2016 1)- continued

Judee Numrul Judee Numrul


Municipii / Orae locuitorilor Municipii / Orae locuitorilor
Counties Inhabitants Counties Inhabitants
Municipalities / Towns number Municipalities / Towns number

CLRAI 316297 GALAI 629989

Clrai 2) 77248 Galai 2) 303205


Oltenia 2) 28149 Tecuci 2) 45047
Budeti 7701 Bereti 3347
Fundulea 6761 Trgu Bujor 7338
Lehliu Gar 6686

CLUJ 723031 GIURGIU 276220

Cluj-Napoca 2) 321754 Giurgiu 2) 68527


Cmpia Turzii 2) 28120 Bolintin-Vale 13711
Dej 2) 38821 Mihileti 7598
Gherla 2) 23177
Turda 2) 56985 GORJ 364950
Huedin 9580
Trgu Jiu 2) 96318
CONSTANA 768904 Motru 2) 22719
Bumbeti-Jiu 9999
Constana 2) 316649 Novaci 5720
Mangalia 2) 41967 Rovinari 13535
Medgidia 2) 45871 Trgu Crbuneti 8671
Bneasa 5828 Tismana 7103
Cernavod 19298 Turceni 8101
Eforie 11017 icleni 4776
Hrova 11199
Murfatlar (Basarabi) 11626 HARGHITA 333317
Nvodari 41677
Negru Vod 5766 Miercurea Ciuc 2) 42072
Ovidiu 15653 Gheorgheni 2) 20001
Techirghiol 8144 Odorheiu Secuiesc 2) 38508
Toplia 2) 15998
COVASNA 228361 Bile Tunad 1674
Blan 7857
Sfntu Gheorghe 2) 64826 Borsec 2767
Trgu Secuiesc 2) 20183 Cristuru Secuiesc 10808
Baraolt 9324 Vlhia 7648
Covasna 11288
ntorsura Buzului 9363 HUNEDOARA 467675

DMBOVIA 527442 Deva 2) 70090


Brad 2) 15806
Trgovite 2) 2)
93068 Hunedoara 73799
Moreni 2) 20372 Lupeni 2) 26909
Fieni 7620 Ortie 2) 22447
Geti 15234 Petroani 2) 42905
Pucioasa 15330 Vulcan 2) 28794
Rcari 6498 Aninoasa 4699
Titu 10347 Clan 13286
Geoagiu 5632
DOLJ 698179 Haeg 10838
Petrila 24964
Craiova 2) 304030 Simeria 13874
Bileti 2) 19848 Uricani 9783
Calafat 2) 18396
Bechet 4360
Dbuleni 12132
Filiai 18351
Segarcea 7984

Not: Municipiile subliniate sunt reedin de jude. / Note: Underlined municipalities are county residences.
1) Date provizorii. / Provisional data.
2) Municipii. / Municipalities.

64
Populaia dup domiciliu a judeelor, municipiilor i oraelor,
la 1 iulie 20161) - continuare
Permanent resident population of counties, municipalities and towns,
2.6 on July 1, 2016 1)- continued

Judee Numrul Judee Numrul


Municipii / Orae locuitorilor Municipii / Orae locuitorilor
Counties Inhabitants Counties Inhabitants
Municipalities / Towns number Municipalities / Towns number

IALOMIA 292565 MURE 595171

Slobozia 2) 52802 Trgu Mure 2) 149718


Feteti 2) 35373 Reghin 2) 38164
Urziceni 2) 17369 Sighioara 2) 34098
Amara 7945 Trnveni 2) 26366
Czneti 3599 Iernut 9756
Fierbini - Trg 4650 Ludu 17523
ndrei 16895 Miercurea Nirajului 6064
Sarmau 7148
IAI 923354 Sngeorgiu de Pdure 5445
Sovata 10454
2)
Iai 364381 Ungheni 7597
Pacani 2) 43016
Hrlu 12403 NEAM 575857
Trgu Frumos 14515
Podul Iloaiei 11011 Piatra Neam 2) 114586
Roman 2) 70222
ILFOV 399316 Bicaz 8575
Roznov 10324
Bragadiru 18093 Trgu Neam 21986
Buftea 22198
Chitila 15144 OLT 448003
Mgurele 10549
Otopeni 15500 Slatina 2) 83858
Pantelimon 27283 Caracal 2) 34920
Popeti-Leordeni 29643 Bal 21005
Voluntari 40819 Corabia 18048
Drgneti-Olt 11927
MARAMURE 524871 Piatra-Olt 6569
Potcoava 5844
Baia Mare 2) 147203 Scorniceti 12015
2)
Sighetu Marmaiei 43959
Baia Sprie 17074 PRAHOVA 806137
Bora 29856
Cavnic 5244 Ploieti 2) 232302
Dragomireti 3262 Cmpina 2) 37378
Slitea de Sus 5113 Azuga 4805
Seini 9579 Bicoi 19006
Somcua Mare 8023 Boldeti-Sceni 11589
Tuii-Mgheru 8095 Breaza 16703
Trgu Lpu 13175 Buteni 9819
Ulmeni 7565 Comarnic 12398
Vieu de Sus 18089 Mizil 16372
Plopeni 9031
MEHEDINI 285579 Sinaia 11469
Slnic 5888
2)
Drobeta-Turnu Severin 108753 Urlai 11614
Orova 2) 12795 Vlenii de Munte 13598
Baia de Aram 5554
Strehaia 11366
Vnju Mare 5885

Not: Municipiile subliniate sunt reedin de jude. / Note: Underlined municipalities are county residences.
1) Date provizorii. / Provisional data.
2) Municipii. / Municipalities.

65
Populaia dup domiciliu a judeelor, municipiilor i oraelor,
la 1 iulie 20161) - continuare
Permanent resident population of counties, municipalities and towns,
2.6 on July 1, 2016 1) - continued

Judee Numrul Judee Numrul


Municipii / Orae locuitorilor Municipii / Orae locuitorilor
Counties Inhabitants Counties Inhabitants
Municipalities / Towns number Municipalities / Towns number

SATU MARE 390069 TIMI 744373

Satu Mare 2) 2)
121972 Timioara 331927
Carei 2) 24473 Lugoj 2) 47445
Ardud 7447 Buzia 8329
Livada 7343 Ciacova 5360
Negreti-Oa 16878 Deta 7609
Tnad 9471 Fget 7547
Gtaia 6495
SLAJ 247143 Jimbolia 13527
Reca 9584
Zalu 2) 69497 Snnicolau Mare 14687
Cehu Silvaniei 7731
Jibou 11937 TULCEA 243275
imleu Silvaniei 17397
Tulcea 2) 89146
SIBIU 464319 Babadag 10599
Isaccea 5307
Sibiu 2) 169480 Mcin 11052
Media 2) 58290 Sulina 4071
Agnita 11982
Avrig 15601 VASLUI 481123
Cisndie 19591
Copa Mic 6021 Vaslui 2) 100170
Dumbrveni 8639 Brlad 2) 72354
Miercurea Sibiului 4800 Hui 2) 30328
Ocna Sibiului 4321 Murgeni 8234
Slite 5952 Negreti 10402
Tlmaciu 8171
VLCEA 402007
SUCEAVA 744677
Rmnicu Vlcea 2) 118367
Suceava 2) 116767 Drgani 2) 20825
Cmpulung Moldovenesc 2) 20094 Bbeni 9355
Flticeni 2) 31464 Bile Govora 2859
Rdui 2) 33260 Bile Olneti 4519
Vatra Dornei 2) 17073 Blceti 5190
Broteni 6484 Berbeti 5534
Cajvana 9481 Brezoi 7168
Dolhasca 11440 Climneti 8829
Frasin 6618 Horezu 6994
Gura Humorului 17062 Ocnele Mari 3522
Liteni 10331
Miliui 5458 VRANCEA 390464
Salcea 10493
Siret 9704 Focani 2) 94012
Solca 2620 Adjud 2) 20400
Vicovu de Sus 16187 Mreti 13412
Odobeti 9612
TELEORMAN 386744 Panciu 9265

Alexandria 2) 51624 MUN. BUCURETI 2) 2101413


Roiori de Vede 2) 32339
Turnu Mgurele 2) 29641
Videle 11722
Zimnicea 15344

Not: Municipiile subliniate sunt reedin de jude. / Note: Underlined municipalities are county residences.
1) Date provizorii. / Provisional data.
2) Municipii. / Municipalities.

66
Gruparea judeelor i localitilor dup numrul locuitorilor, la 1 iulie 20161)
2.7 Classification of counties and localities by inhabitants number, on July 1, 20161)

Grupe de judee, municipii, Numrul judeelor, municipiilor,


orae i comune, oraelor i comunelor Numrul locuitorilor
dup numrul locuitorilor Number of counties, municipalities, Inhabitants number
Groups of counties, towns and communes
municipalities, towns n procente n procente
and communes, Date absolute fa de total Date absolute fa de total
by inhabitants number Absolute data Percentage of total Absolute data Percentage of total

Judee 2) 2)
/ Counties

Total 42 100,0 22214995 100,0

Sub / under 300000 6 14,3 1573143 7,1


300000 - 399999 11 26,2 3971162 17,9
400000 - 499999 8 19,1 3667873 16,5
500000 - 599999 4 9,5 2223341 10,0
600000 - 699999 5 11,9 3222308 14,5
700000 - 799999 5 11,9 3726264 16,8
800000 i peste / and over 3 7,1 3830904 17,2

Municipii i orae / Municipalities and towns

Total 320 100,0 12514299 100,0

Sub / under 3000 6 1,9 14471 0,1


3000 - 4999 15 4,7 62836 0,5
5000 - 9999 97 30,3 722191 5,8
10000 - 19999 95 29,7 1323338 10,6
20000 - 49999 61 19,1 1889145 15,1
50000 - 99999 21 6,6 1550410 12,4
100000 - 199999 14 4,4 1954595 15,6
200000 - 999999 10 3,1 2895900 23,1
1000000 i peste / and over 1 0,3 2101413 16,8

Comune / Communes

Total 28613) 100,0 9700696 100,0

Sub / under 1000 94 3,3 70076 0,7


1000 - 1999 612 21,4 949727 9,8
2000 - 4999 1669 58,3 5313591 54,8
5000 - 9999 446 15,6 2879552 29,7
10000 i peste / and over 40 1,4 487750 5,0

Not: Numrul locuitorilor, conform definiiei populaiei dup domiciliu. (Vezi Precizri metodologice - pag. 40).
Note: The number of inhabitants, according to the permanent resident population definition. (See the Methodological notes - page 40).
1) Date provizorii. / Provisional data.
2) Inclusiv Municipiul Bucureti. / Including Bucharest Municipality.
3) Conform organizrii administrative a teritoriului existent la 1 iulie 2016.
According to administrative territorial organization existing on July 1st, 2016.

67
2.8 Micarea natural a populaiei
Vital statistics

Date absolute (numr) / Absolute data (number) Rate (la 1000 locuitori) / Rates (per 1000 inhabitants) Nscui-mori Decese la
Decese la o la 1000 nscui o vrst sub
Sporul Nscui vrst sub Nscui-vii Decese Sporul Cstorii Divoruri (vii+mori) 1 an la 1000
Anii Nscui-vii Decese natural Cstorii Divoruri mori 1 an Live-births Deaths natural Marriages Divorces Stillbirths nscui-vii Years
Live-births Deaths Natural Marriages Divorces Stillbirths Infant Natural children per 1000 Infant deaths
increase children deaths increase births (live-births per 1000
and stillbirths) live-births
1960 352241 160720 191521 197654 36947 5690 26680 19,1 8,7 10,4 10,7 2,01 15,9 74,6 1960
1961 324859 161936 162923 180465 33373 5251 23190 17,5 8,7 8,8 9,7 1,80 15,9 69,4 1961
1962 301985 172429 129556 184676 38095 4812 18196 16,2 9,2 7,0 9,9 2,04 15,7 58,8 1962
1963 294886 155767 139119 174931 36129 4601 16270 15,7 8,3 7,4 9,3 1,92 15,4 55,2 1963
1964 287383 152476 134907 169520 35145 4367 13975 15,2 8,1 7,1 9,0 1,86 15,0 48,6 1964
1965 278362 163393 114969 164229 36914 4048 12264 14,6 8,6 6,0 8,6 1,94 14,3 44,1 1965
1966 273678 157445 116233 171243 25804 4072 12746 14,3 8,2 6,1 8,9 1,35 14,7 46,6 1966
1967 527764 179129 348635 154105 481) 9644 24590 27,4 9,3 18,1 8,0 *) 17,9 46,6 1967
1968 526091 188509 337582 146988 4023 8625 31317 26,7 9,6 17,1 7,5 0,20 16,1 59,5 1968
1969 465764 201225 264539 140011 6991 6984 25584 23,3 10,1 13,2 7,0 0,35 14,8 54,9 1969
1970 427034 193255 233779 145531 7865 5728 21110 21,1 9,5 11,6 7,2 0,39 13,2 49,4 1970
1971 400146 194306 205840 150215 9570 4822 16964 19,5 9,5 10,0 7,3 0,47 11,9 42,4 1971
1972 389153 189793 199360 157142 11254 4288 15566 18,8 9,2 9,6 7,6 0,54 10,9 40,0 1972
1973 378696 203559 175137 170130 14472 4194 14444 18,2 9,8 8,4 8,2 0,69 11,0 38,1 1973
1974 427732 191286 236446 175496 17951 4801 14958 20,3 9,1 11,2 8,3 0,85 11,1 35,0 1974
1975 418185 197538 220647 188139 34479 4288 14498 19,7 9,3 10,4 8,9 1,62 10,1 34,7 1975
1976 417353 204873 212480 195874 35945 4186 13089 19,5 9,6 9,9 9,1 1,68 9,9 31,4 1976
1977 423958 208685 215273 199794 25726 4144 13207 19,6 9,6 10,0 9,2 1,19 9,7 31,2 1977
1978 416598 211846 204752 201103 33190 3919 12610 19,1 9,7 9,4 9,2 1,52 9,3 30,3 1978
1979 410603 217509 193094 198139 35855 3754 12995 18,6 9,9 8,7 9,0 1,63 9,1 31,6 1979
1980 398904 231876 167028 182671 34130 3518 11691 18,0 10,4 7,6 8,2 1,54 8,7 29,3 1980
1981 381101 224635 156466 182973 33635 3257 10886 17,0 10,0 7,0 8,2 1,50 8,5 28,6 1981
1982 344369 224120 120249 174448 33164 2904 9653 15,3 10,0 5,3 7,8 1,48 8,4 28,0 1982
1983 321498 233892 87606 163826 34534 2605 7676 14,3 10,4 3,9 7,3 1,53 8,0 23,9 1983
1984 350741 233699 117042 164110 32853 2988 8211 15,5 10,3 5,2 7,3 1,45 8,4 23,4 1984
1985 358797 246670 112127 161094 32587 2824 9191 15,8 10,9 4,9 7,1 1,43 7,8 25,6 1985
1986 376896 242330 134566 167254 34562 3053 8746 16,5 10,6 5,9 7,3 1,51 8,0 23,2 1986
1987 383199 254286 128913 168079 34110 3053 11077 16,7 11,1 5,6 7,3 1,49 7,9 28,9 1987
1988 380043 253370 126673 172527 36775 2926 9643 16,5 11,0 5,5 7,5 1,60 7,6 25,4 1988
1989 369544 247306 122238 177943 36008 2821 9940 16,0 10,7 5,3 7,7 1,56 7,6 26,9 1989

Not: ncepnd cu anul 1992, ratele au fost recalculate ca urmare a diseminrii indicatorului Populaia dup domiciliu la 1 iulie.
Pentru perioada 2012-2015, ratele la 1000 locuitori au fost calculate cu populaia rezident la 1 iulie a fiecrui an, estimat n condiii
de comparabilitate cu rezultatele definitive ale Recensmntului Populaiei i al Locuinelor - 2011.
Nscuii-vii din anii 2012 i 2013 nu includ nscuii-vii a cror natere s-a petrecut n strintate i a fost nregistrat
n Romnia.
Decesele din anii 2012 i 2013 nu includ decesele care s-au petrecut n strintate i au fost nregistrate n Romnia.
Din acest motiv, datele nu sunt comparabile cu anii precedeni.
ncepnd cu anul 2014 sunt inclui numai nscuii-vii i decedaii cu reedina obinuit n Romnia.
ncepnd cu anul 2015 sunt inclui numai nscui-mori cu reedina obinuit n Romnia.
Note: Starting with 1992, the rates have been recalculated due to the dissemination of the Population by permanent residence
at July 1st indicator.
For the 2012-2015 period, the rates per 1000 inhabitants, calculated based on usual resident population on July 1st of each year
were used, estimated under the conditions of comparability with the final results of the Population and Housing Census - 2011.
The live-births for 2012 and 2013 do not include live-births whose born occurred abroad and was registered in Romania.
The deaths for 2012 and 2013 do not include those happened abroad and were registered in Romania.
For this reason, the data is not comparable with the previous years.
Beginning with 2014, only the live-births and deaths having their usual residence in Romania were considered.
Beginning with 2015, only the stillbirths having their usual residence in Romania were considered.
1) Au fost modificate unele dispoziii legale referitoare la divor (n octombrie 1966).
Some legal acts referring to divorces were modified (in October 1966).

68 69
2.8 Micarea natural a populaiei - continuare
Vital statistics - continued

Date absolute (numr) / Absolute data (number) Rate (la 1000 locuitori) / Rates (per 1000 inhabitants) Nscui-mori Decese la
Decese la o la 1000 nscui o vrst sub
Sporul Nscui vrst sub Nscui- vii Decese Sporul Cstorii Divoruri (vii+mori) 1 an la 1000
Anii Nscui-vii Decese natural Cstorii Divoruri mori 1 an Live-births Deaths natural Marriages Divorces Stillbirths nscui-vii Years
Live-births Deaths Natural Marriages Divorces Stillbirths Infant Natural children per 1000 Infant deaths
increase children deaths increase births (live-births per 1000
and stillbirths) live-births
1990 314746 247086 67660 192652 32966 2231 8471 13,6 10,6 3,0 8,3 1,42 7,0 26,9 1990
1991 275275 251760 23515 183388 37031 1910 6258 11,9 10,9 1,0 7,9 1,60 6,9 22,7 1991
1992 260393 263855 -3462 174593 29290 1700 6080 11,3 11,4 -0,1 7,5 1,27 6,5 23,3 1992
1993 249994 263323 -13329 161595 31193 1582 5822 10,8 11,4 -0,6 7,0 1,35 6,3 23,3 1993
1994 246736 266101 -19365 154221 39663 1623 5894 10,7 11,5 -0,8 6,7 1,72 6,5 23,9 1994
1995 236640 271672 -35032 153943 34906 1472 5027 10,3 11,8 -1,5 6,7 1,52 6,2 21,2 1995
1996 231348 286158 -54810 150388 35586 1428 5158 10,1 12,5 -2,4 6,5 1,55 6,1 22,3 1996
1997 236891 279315 -42424 147105 34752 1483 5209 10,3 12,2 -1,9 6,4 1,52 6,2 22,0 1997
1998 237297 269166 -31869 145303 39985 1514 4868 10,4 11,8 -1,4 6,4 1,75 6,3 20,5 1998
1999 234600 265194 -30594 140014 34408 1459 4360 10,3 11,6 -1,3 6,1 1,51 6,2 18,6 1999
2000 234521 255820 -21299 135808 30725 1393 4370 10,3 11,2 -0,9 6,0 1,35 5,9 18,6 2000
2001 220368 259603 -39235 129930 31135 1282 4057 9,7 11,4 -1,7 5,7 1,37 5,8 18,4 2001
2002 210529 269666 -59137 129018 31790 1319 3648 9,3 11,9 -2,6 5,7 1,40 6,2 17,3 2002
2003 212459 266575 -54116 133953 33073 1290 3546 9,4 11,7 -2,3 5,9 1,46 6,0 16,7 2003
2004 216261 258890 -42629 143304 35225 1314 3641 9,5 11,4 -1,9 6,3 1,55 6,0 16,8 2004
2005 221020 262101 -41081 141832 33193 1262 3310 9,8 11,6 -1,8 6,3 1,47 5,7 15,0 2005
2006 219483 258094 -38611 146637 32672 1143 3052 9,7 11,4 -1,7 6,5 1,45 5,2 13,9 2006
2007 214728 251965 -37237 189240 36308 1009 2574 9,5 11,2 -1,7 8,4 1,61 4,7 12,0 2007
2008 221900 253202 -31302 149439 35685 993 2434 9,8 11,2 -1,4 6,6 1,58 4,5 11,0 2008
2009 222388 257213 -34825 134275 32341 969 2250 9,9 11,4 -1,5 6,0 1,44 4,3 10,1 2009
2010 212199 259723 -47524 115778 32632 856 2078 9,4 11,5 -2,1 5,1 1,45 4,0 9,8 2010
2011 196242 251439 -55197 105599 35780 811 1850 8,7 11,2 -2,5 4,7 1,59 4,1 9,4 2011
2012 180714 253716 -73002 107760 31324 779 1806 9,0 12,6 -3,6 4,8 1,40 4,3 10,0 2012
2013 1885992) 2474752) -588762) 107507 28507 771 1677 9,42) 12,42) -3,02) 4,8 1,27 4,12) 8,92) 2013
2014 193103 254237 -61134 118075 27188 781 1628 9,7 12,8 -3,1 5,3 1,22 4,0 8,4 2014
2015 1850063) 2606613) -756553) 125454 31527 7353) 14903) 9,34) 13,24) -3,94) 5,65) 1,425) 4,03) 8,13) 2015

Not: ncepnd cu anul 1992, ratele au fost recalculate ca urmare a diseminrii indicatorului Populaia dup domiciliu la 1 iulie.
Pentru perioada 2012-2015, ratele la 1000 locuitori au fost calculate cu populaia rezident la 1 iulie a fiecrui an, estimat n condiii
de comparabilitate cu rezultatele definitive ale Recensmntului Populaiei i al Locuinelor - 2011.
Nscuii-vii din anii 2012 i 2013 nu includ nscuii-vii a cror natere s-a petrecut n strintate i a fost nregistrat n Romnia.
Decesele din anii 2012 i 2013 nu includ decesele care s-au petrecut n strintate i au fost nregistrate n Romnia.
Din acest motiv, datele nu sunt comparabile cu anii precedeni.
ncepnd cu anul 2014 sunt inclui numai nscuii-vii i decedaii cu reedina obinuit n Romnia.
ncepnd cu anul 2015 sunt inclui numai nscui-mori cu reedina obinuit n Romnia.
Note: Starting with 1992, the rates have been recalculated due to the dissemination of the Population by permanent residence
at July 1st indicator.
For the 2012-2015 period, the rates per 1000 inhabitants, calculated based on usual resident population on July 1st of each year
were used, estimated under the conditions of comparability with the final results of the Population and Housing Census - 2011.
The live-births for 2012 and 2013 do not include live-births whose born occurred abroad and was registered in Romania.
The deaths for 2012 and 2013 do not include those happened abroad and were registered in Romania.
For this reason, the data is not comparable with the previous years.
Beginning with 2014, only the live-births and deaths having their usual residence in Romania were considered.
Beginning with 2015, only the stillbirths having their usual residence in Romania were considered.
2)
Date revizuite. / Revised data.
3)
Date semidefinitive. / Semi-final data.
4)
Date provizorii. / Provisional data.
5) Date definitive, calculate cu populaia dup domiciliu la 1 iulie a fiecrui an.
Final data, calculated based on the permanent resident population on July 1st of each year were used.

70 71
2.9 Micarea natural a populaiei, pe medii de reziden
Vital statistics, by residence areas

Date absolute (numr) / Absolute data (number) Rate (la 1000 locuitori) / Rates (per 1000 inhabitants) Nscui-mori Decese la
Decese la o la 1000 nscui o vrst sub
Sporul Nscui vrst sub Nscui- vii Decese Sporul Cstorii Divoruri (vii+mori) 1 an la 1000
Anii Nscui-vii Decese natural Cstorii Divoruri mori 1 an Live-births Deaths natural Marriages Divorces Stillbirths nscui-vii Years
Live-births Deaths Natural Marriages Divorces Stillbirths Infant Natural children per 1000 Infant deaths
increase children deaths increase births (live-births per 1000
and stillbirths) live-births

URBAN URBAN
1990 156950 99331 57619 110382 25553 1217 3778 12,9 8,2 4,7 9,1 2,10 7,7 24,1 1990
1991 135417 101460 33957 101993 28098 974 2654 11,0 8,2 2,8 8,3 2,27 7,1 19,6 1991
1992 124016 106784 17232 92663 22443 830 2575 9,9 8,5 1,4 7,4 1,79 6,6 20,8 1992
1993 117298 107482 9816 85505 23629 747 2315 9,3 8,5 0,8 6,8 1,88 6,3 19,7 1993
1994 114422 108771 5651 82263 29767 768 2295 9,1 8,6 0,5 6,5 2,36 6,7 20,1 1994
1995 109722 112205 -2483 83381 26023 693 1996 8,7 8,9 -0,2 6,6 2,05 6,3 18,2 1995
1996 108226 116450 -8224 84864 26389 691 2006 8,6 9,2 -0,6 6,7 2,09 6,3 18,5 1996
1997 110009 115997 -5988 82522 25044 689 2036 8,7 9,2 -0,5 6,5 1,98 6,2 18,5 1997
1998 110186 112733 -2547 82912 28702 714 1907 8,7 8,9 -0,2 6,6 2,28 6,4 17,3 1998
1999 108542 111159 -2617 81015 25035 670 1650 8,6 8,8 -0,2 6,4 1,99 6,1 15,2 1999
2000 108254 108436 -182 79128 22486 612 1744 8,6 8,6 - 6,3 1,79 5,6 16,1 2000
2001 102432 110063 -7631 77231 22362 567 1594 7,9 8,5 -0,6 5,9 1,72 5,5 15,6 2001
2002 98190 113225 -15035 76547 22675 602 1426 7,8 9,0 -1,2 6,1 1,81 6,1 14,5 2002
2003 100915 112283 -11368 81483 23542 569 1381 8,1 9,0 -0,9 6,5 1,88 5,6 13,7 2003
2004 111348 114316 -2968 90179 25134 633 1555 8,6 8,9 -0,3 7,0 1,95 5,7 14,0 2004
2005 117780 116809 971 92651 23709 589 1458 9,2 9,1 0,1 7,2 1,85 5,0 12,4 2005
2006 119477 116384 3093 96605 23338 538 1341 9,3 9,1 0,2 7,5 1,82 4,5 11,2 2006
2007 116367 114562 1805 104445 26066 498 1186 9,1 8,9 0,2 8,1 2,03 4,3 10,2 2007
2008 121518 114352 7166 96963 24806 468 1030 9,5 8,9 0,6 7,6 1,94 3,8 8,5 2008
2009 121864 116168 5696 86363 22308 474 982 9,5 9,1 0,4 6,8 1,75 3,9 8,1 2009
2010 117851 117632 219 74787 22144 420 913 9,2 9,2 - 5,9 1,74 3,6 7,7 2010
2011 106667 114648 -7981 67962 25152 363 797 8,4 9,0 -0,6 5,3 1,98 3,4 7,5 2011
2012 96201 116369 -20168 68821 21790 348 714 8,9 10,8 -1,9 5,4 1,72 3,6 7,4 2012
2013 1022791) 1144051) -121261) 68985 19594 325 738 9,51) 10,61) -1,11) 5,5 1,55 3,21) 7,21) 2013
2014 105389 117629 -12240 76833 18692 372 649 9,8 11,0 -1,2 6,1 1,49 3,5 6,2 2014
2015 1010412) 1212062) -201652) 80975 21496 3402) 6442) 9,53) 11,43) -1,93) 6,44) 1,714) 3,42) 6,42) 2015

Not: ncepnd cu anul 1992, ratele au fost recalculate ca urmare a diseminrii indicatorului Populaia dup domiciliu la 1 iulie.
Pentru perioada 2012-2015, ratele la 1000 locuitori au fost calculate cu populaia rezident la 1 iulie a fiecrui an, estimat
n condiii de comparabilitate cu rezultatele definitive ale Recensmntului Populaiei i al Locuinelor - 2011.
Nscuii-vii din anii 2012 i 2013 nu includ nscuii-vii a cror natere s-a petrecut n strintate i a fost nregistrat n Romnia.
Decesele din anii 2012 i 2013 nu includ decesele care s-au petrecut n strintate i au fost nregistrate n Romnia.
Din acest motiv, datele nu sunt comparabile cu anii precedeni.
ncepnd cu anul 2014 sunt inclui numai nscuii-vii i decedaii cu reedina obinuit n Romnia.
ncepnd cu anul 2015 sunt inclui numai nscui-mori cu reedina obinuit n Romnia.
Note: Starting with 1992, the rates have been recalculated due to the dissemination of the Population by permanent residence
at July 1st indicator.
For the 2012-2015 period, the rates per 1000 inhabitants, calculated based on usual resident population on July 1st of each year
were used, estimated under the conditions of comparability with the final results of the Population and Housing Census - 2011.
The live-births for 2012 and 2013 do not include live-births whose born occurred abroad and was registered in Romania from abroad.
The deaths for 2012 and 2013 do not include those happened abroad and were registered in Romania.
For this reason, the data is not comparable with the previous years.
Beginning with 2014, only the live-births and deaths having their usual residence in Romania were considered.
Beginning with 2015, only the stillbirths having their usual residence in Romania were considered.
1) Date revizuite. / Revised data.
2)
Date semidefinitive. / Semi-final data.
3)
Date provizorii. / Provisional data.
4) Date definitive, calculate cu populaia dup domiciliu la 1 iulie a fiecrui an.
Final data, calculated based on the permanent resident population on July 1st of each year were used.

72 73
2.9 Micarea natural a populaiei, pe medii de reziden - continuare
Vital statistics, by residence areas - continued

Date absolute (numr) / Absolute data (number) Rate (la 1000 locuitori) / Rates (per 1000 inhabitants) Nscui-mori Decese la
Decese la o la 1000 nscui o vrst sub
Sporul Nscui vrst sub Nscui- vii Decese Sporul Cstorii Divoruri (vii+mori) 1 an la 1000
Anii Nscui-vii Decese natural Cstorii Divoruri mori 1 an Live-births Deaths natural Marriages Divorces Stillbirths nscui-vii Years
Live-births Deaths Natural Marriages Divorces Stillbirths Infant Natural children per 1000 Infant deaths
increase children deaths increase births (live-births per 1000
and stillbirths) live-births

RURAL RURAL
1990 157796 147755 10041 82270 7413 1014 4693 14,3 13,4 0,9 7,5 0,67 6,4 29,7 1990
1991 139858 150300 -10442 81395 8933 936 3604 12,9 13,9 -1,0 7,5 0,82 6,6 25,8 1991
1992 136377 157071 -20694 81930 6847 870 3505 12,9 14,8 -1,0 7,7 0,65 6,3 25,7 1992
1993 132696 155841 -23145 76090 7564 835 3507 12,6 14,8 -2,2 7,2 0,72 6,3 26,4 1993
1994 132314 157330 -25016 71958 9896 855 3599 12,7 15,1 -2,4 6,9 0,95 6,4 27,2 1994
1995 126918 159467 -32549 70562 8883 779 3031 12,2 15,4 -3,2 6,8 0,86 6,1 23,9 1995
1996 123122 169708 -46586 65524 9197 737 3152 11,9 16,4 -4,5 6,3 0,89 6,0 25,6 1996
1997 126882 163318 -36436 64583 9708 794 3173 12,3 15,9 -3,6 6,3 0,94 6,2 25,0 1997
1998 127111 156433 -29322 62391 11283 800 2961 12,4 15,2 -2,8 6,1 1,10 6,3 23,3 1998
1999 126058 154035 -27977 58999 9373 789 2710 12,3 15,0 -2,7 5,8 0,91 6,2 21,5 1999
2000 126267 147384 -21117 56680 8239 781 2626 12,3 14,4 -2,1 5,5 0,80 6,1 20,8 2000
2001 117936 149540 -31604 52699 8773 715 2463 12,0 15,3 -3,3 5,4 0,90 6,0 20,9 2001
2002 112339 156441 -44102 52471 9115 717 2222 11,0 15,3 -4,3 5,1 0,89 6,3 19,8 2002
2003 111544 154292 -42748 52470 9531 721 2165 11,0 15,2 -4,2 5,2 0,94 6,4 19,4 2003
2004 104913 144574 -39661 53125 10091 681 2086 10,7 14,8 -4,1 5,4 1,03 6,4 19,9 2004
2005 103240 145292 -42052 49181 9484 673 1852 10,5 14,8 -4,3 5,0 0,97 6,5 17,9 2005
2006 100006 141710 -41704 50032 9334 605 1711 10,3 14,5 -4,2 5,1 0,96 6,0 17,1 2006
2007 98361 137403 -39042 84795 10242 511 1388 10,1 14,1 -4,0 8,7 1,05 5,2 14,1 2007
2008 100382 138850 -38468 52476 10879 525 1404 10,3 14,2 -3,9 5,4 1,11 5,2 14,0 2008
2009 100524 141045 -40521 47912 10033 495 1268 10,3 14,5 -4,2 4,9 1,03 4,9 12,6 2009
2010 94348 142091 -47743 40991 10488 436 1165 9,7 14,6 -4,9 4,2 1,08 4,6 12,3 2010
2011 89575 136791 -47216 37637 10628 448 1053 9,2 14,1 -4,9 3,9 1,09 5,0 11,8 2011
2012 84513 137347 -52834 38939 9534 431 1092 9,1 14,9 -5,8 4,0 0,98 5,1 12,9 2012
2013 863201) 1330701) -467501) 38522 8913 446 939 9,41) 14,41) -5,01) 4,0 0,92 5,11) 10,91) 2013
2014 87714 136608 -48894 41242 8496 409 979 9,5 14,9 -5,4 4,2 0,87 4,6 11,2 2014
2015 839652) 1394552) -554902) 44479 10031 3952) 8462) 9,23) 15,23) 6,03) 4,64) 1,034) 4,72) 10,12) 2015

Not: ncepnd cu anul 1992, ratele au fost recalculate ca urmare a diseminrii indicatorului Populaia dup domiciliu la 1 iulie.
Pentru perioada 2012-2015, ratele la 1000 locuitori au fost calculate cu populaia rezident la 1 iulie a fiecrui an, estimat
n condiii de comparabilitate cu rezultatele definitive ale Recensmntului Populaiei i al Locuinelor - 2011.
Nscuii-vii din anii 2012 i 2013 nu includ nscuii-vii a cror natere s-a petrecut n strintate i a fost nregistrat n Romnia.
Decesele din anii 2012 i 2013 nu includ decesele care s-au petrecut n strintate i au fost nregistrate n Romnia.
Din acest motiv, datele nu sunt comparabile cu anii precedeni.
ncepnd cu anul 2014 sunt inclui numai nscuii-vii i decedaii cu reedina obinuit n Romnia.
ncepnd cu anul 2015 sunt inclui numai nscui-mori cu reedina obinuit n Romnia.
Note: Starting with 1992, the rates have been recalculated due to the dissemination of the Population by permanent residence
at July 1st indicator.
For the 2012-2015 period, the rates per 1000 inhabitants, calculated based on usual resident population on July 1st of each year
were used, estimated under the conditions of comparability with the final results of the Population and Housing Census - 2011.
The live-births for 2012 and 2013 do not include live-births whose born occurred abroad and was registered in Romania from abroad.
The deaths for 2012 and 2013 do not include those happened abroad and were registered in Romania.
For this reason, the data is not comparable with the previous years.
Beginning with 2014, only the live-births and deaths having their usual residence in Romania were considered.
Beginning with 2015, only the stillbirths having their usual residence in Romania were considered.
1) Date revizuite. / Revised data.
2)
Date semidefinitive. / Semi-final data.
3)
Date provizorii. / Provisional data.
4) Date definitive, calculate cu populaia dup domiciliu la 1 iulie a fiecrui an.
Final data, calculated based on the permanent resident population on July 1st of each year were used.

74 75
2.10 Nscuii-vii dup grupa de vrst a prinilor
Live-births by age group of parents
persoane / persons
Grupa de vrst a tatlui (ani) Age group of father (years)
Grupa de vrst a mamei Total 15-19 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50 i peste Nedeclarat Age group of mother
(ani) and over Not stated (years)

2010 2010

Total 212199 3347 25165 53239 66337 33278 12675 3069 1536 13553 Total
Sub 15 733 237 179 40 9 5 1 2 - 260 Under 15
15-19 21775 2481 9158 4115 1367 381 100 19 12 4142 15-19
20-24 52649 557 12948 20946 10787 2518 600 119 93 4081 20-24
25-29 62843 52 2327 22425 26629 7172 1530 294 158 2256 25-29
30-34 51069 15 453 5045 24007 14740 4026 752 386 1645 30-34
35-39 19051 5 82 578 3261 7791 4848 1074 501 911 35-39
40-44 3965 - 18 90 273 664 1549 769 351 251 40-44
45-49 111 - - - 4 6 20 39 35 7 45-49
50 i peste 3 - - - - 1 1 1 - - 50 and over

2011 2011

Total 196242 3065 22763 47079 60405 32259 12566 2837 1524 13744 Total
Sub 15 748 264 175 38 8 7 1 - 1 254 Under 15
15-19 20150 2279 8375 3630 1257 386 84 16 11 4112 15-19
20-24 48171 452 11607 18910 10013 2465 496 92 64 4072 20-24
25-29 56343 50 2073 19515 23680 6813 1467 260 138 2347 25-29
30-34 47715 12 441 4360 21983 14217 3929 677 345 1751 30-34
35-39 19171 6 83 567 3226 7741 5074 1033 526 915 35-39
40-44 3803 1 9 56 230 621 1501 712 390 283 40-44
45-49 134 1 - 3 8 9 14 45 47 7 45-49
50 i peste 7 - - - - - - 2 2 3 50 and over

20121) 20121)

Total 180714 2592 19670 43208 54721 31595 12172 2785 1336 12635 Total
Sub 15 746 231 209 43 14 7 1 - - 241 Under 15
15-19 18205 1978 7363 3611 1108 352 92 16 14 3671 15-19
20-24 42103 351 9763 17079 8367 2200 481 90 52 3720 20-24
25-29 52591 24 1918 18365 21742 6686 1359 231 117 2149 25-29
30-34 44005 5 350 3600 20169 13628 3673 682 286 1612 30-34
35-39 19102 1 62 463 3094 8030 4950 1032 508 962 35-39
40-44 3820 1 5 45 222 684 1580 691 322 270 40-44
45-49 136 1 - 1 4 8 35 43 35 9 45-49
50 i peste 6 - - 1 1 - 1 - 2 1 50 and over

1)
Nscuii-vii din anii 2012 i 2013 nu includ nscuii-vii a cror natere s-a petrecut n strintate i a fost nregistrat n Romnia.
Din acest motiv, datele nu sunt comparabile cu anii precedeni.
The live-births for 2012 and 2013 do not include those whose birth occurred abroad and was registered in Romania.
For this reason, the data is not comparable with the previous year.

76 77
2.10 Nscuii-vii dup grupa de vrst a prinilor - continuare
Live-births by age group of parents - continued
persoane / persons
Grupa de vrst a tatlui (ani) Age group of father (years)
Grupa de vrst a mamei Total 15-19 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50 i peste Nedeclarat Age group of mother
(ani) and over Not stated (years)

20131);2) 2013 1);2)

Total 188599 2861 18528 46575 55728 34986 12211 3589 1352 12769 Total
Sub 15 709 222 197 50 13 6 - - - 221 Under 15
15-19 18445 2236 7185 3885 1118 359 93 35 14 3520 15-19
20-24 41010 353 8985 17713 7760 2121 448 104 33 3493 20-24
25-29 58199 38 1810 20564 23545 7833 1457 327 135 2490 25-29
30-34 45058 8 273 3735 19685 14867 3634 837 290 1729 30-34
35-39 21173 4 67 570 3385 9081 5124 1397 499 1046 35-39
40-44 3794 - 8 56 209 701 1433 814 315 258 40-44
45-49 203 - 3 2 13 18 20 75 60 12 45-49
50 i peste 8 - - - - - 2 - 6 - 50 and over

20143);4) 2014 3);4)

Total 193103 2732 17870 48475 56257 37322 12637 3779 1315 12716 Total
Sub 15 704 215 177 40 11 4 - - 2 255 Under 15
15-19 18677 2150 7145 4171 1138 337 90 17 12 3617 15-19
20-24 39176 306 8288 17494 7086 2070 459 107 40 3326 20-24
25-29 61486 45 1910 22136 24385 8360 1601 333 142 2574 25-29
30-34 46319 9 259 3978 19957 15682 3721 846 259 1608 30-34
35-39 22422 7 82 601 3387 10079 5249 1514 466 1037 35-39
40-44 4092 - 8 50 283 768 1473 900 336 274 40-44
45-49 224 - 1 5 10 21 44 62 56 25 45-49
50 i peste 3 - - - - 1 - - 2 - 50 and over

20154);5) 2015 4);5)

Total 185006 2575 15737 46814 53778 36626 13108 3966 1232 11170 Total
Sub 15 627 201 148 49 6 4 1 - - 218 Under 15
15-19 17621 2015 6556 4075 1116 338 92 38 15 3376 15-19
20-24 35365 298 7027 16216 6545 1808 417 92 46 2916 20-24
25-29 59921 49 1682 22050 23441 8368 1670 364 127 2170 25-29
30-34 44551 5 269 3772 19201 15105 3813 816 246 1324 30-34
35-39 22466 7 48 582 3254 10193 5453 1584 443 902 35-39
40-44 4211 - 6 65 203 796 1610 985 309 237 40-44
45-49 234 - - 4 12 13 47 87 44 27 45-49
50 i peste 10 - 1 1 - 1 5 - 2 - 50 and over

1) Nscuii-vii din anii 2012 i 2013 nu includ nscuii-vii a cror natere s-a petrecut n strintate i a fost nregistrat n Romnia.
Din acest motiv, datele nu sunt comparabile cu anii precedeni.
The live-births for 2012 and 2013 do not include those whose birth occurred abroad and was registered in Romania.
For this reason, the data is not comparable with the previous year.
2) Date revizuite. / Revised data.
3) Date definitive. / Final data.
4)
ncepnd cu anul 2014 sunt inclui numai nscuii-vii cu reedina obinuit n Romnia.
Starting with 2014 are included only live-births having their usual residence in Romania.
5) Date semidefinitive. / Semi-final data.

78 79
2.11 Nscuii-vii dup rangul nscutului-viu i grupa de vrst a mamei
Live-births by live-birth order and age group of mother
persoane / persons
Grupa de vrst a mamei (ani) Age group of mother (years)
Rangul nscutului-viu Nscui-vii Sub 15 15-19 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50 i peste Live-birth order
Live-births Under and over

2010 2010

Total 212199 733 21775 52649 62843 51069 19051 3965 111 3 Total
Primul 111139 714 16773 31825 34691 20569 5514 1029 23 1 First
Al doilea 65009 19 4324 14475 18574 19749 6859 996 13 - Second
Al treilea 18385 - 622 4441 5109 5000 2578 621 12 2 Third
Al patrulea 7881 - 52 1439 2367 2335 1344 332 12 - Fourth
Al cincilea 4122 - 4 377 1214 1388 881 244 14 - Fifth
Al aselea 2274 - - 75 549 877 568 200 5 - Sixth
Al aptelea 1356 - - 13 227 535 458 117 6 - Seventh
Al optulea i peste 2033 - - 4 112 616 849 426 26 - Eighth and over

2011 2011

Total 196242 748 20150 48171 56343 47715 19171 3803 134 7 Total
Primul 101909 718 15412 28539 31027 19438 5802 933 37 3 First
Al doilea 58593 30 4031 13290 16009 17805 6527 882 18 1 Second
Al treilea 17996 - 642 4367 4831 4807 2721 606 22 - Third
Al patrulea 7917 - 63 1467 2340 2282 1388 368 9 - Fourth
Al cincilea 4133 - 2 392 1210 1353 916 256 3 1 Fifth
Al aselea 2362 - - 98 582 893 597 182 10 - Sixth
Al aptelea 1386 - - 14 227 548 416 173 8 - Seventh
Al optulea i peste 1946 - - 4 117 589 804 403 27 2 Eighth and over

20121) 20121)

Total 180714 746 18205 42103 52591 44005 19102 3820 136 6 Total
Primul 87445 717 13546 23557 27292 16429 5048 829 23 4 First
Al doilea 57390 29 3970 12219 16078 17197 6876 989 31 1 Second
Al treilea 17741 - 602 4265 4811 4581 2849 615 18 - Third
Al patrulea 8105 - 84 1515 2327 2334 1441 388 15 1 Fourth
Al cincilea 4156 - 3 421 1187 1379 909 252 5 - Fifth
Al aselea 2436 - - 107 588 908 626 199 8 - Sixth
Al aptelea 1450 - - 15 226 559 492 152 6 - Seventh
Al optulea i peste 1991 - - 4 82 618 861 396 30 - Eighth and over

1)
Nscuii-vii din anii 2012 i 2013 nu includ nscuii-vii a cror natere s-a petrecut n strintate i a fost nregistrat n Romnia.
Din acest motiv, datele nu sunt comparabile cu anii precedeni.
The live-births for 2012 and 2013 do not include those whose birth occurred abroad and was registered in Romania.
For this reason, the data is not comparable with the previous year.

80 81
2.11 Nscuii-vii dup rangul nscutului-viu i grupa de vrst a mamei - continuare
Live-births by live-birth order and age group of mother - continued
persoane / persons
Grupa de vrst a mamei (ani) Age group of mother (years)
Rangul nscutului-viu Nscui-vii Sub 15 15-19 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50 i peste Live-birth order
Live-births Under and over

2013 1);2) 2013 1);2)

Total 188599 709 18445 41010 58199 45058 21173 3794 203 8 Total
Primul 96279 677 13964 23938 32002 18147 6521 978 49 3 First
Al doilea 57398 32 3806 11158 16933 16950 7544 924 47 4 Second
Al treilea 17568 - 616 3954 4870 4548 2956 600 24 - Third
Al patrulea 7593 - 58 1434 2263 2079 1373 362 24 - Fourth
Al cincilea 4164 - 1 413 1237 1363 902 235 13 - Fifth
Al aselea 2321 - - 91 572 856 629 161 11 1 Sixth
Al aptelea 1338 - - 18 225 501 445 144 5 - Seventh
Al optulea i peste 1938 - - 4 97 614 803 390 30 - Eighth and over

20143);4) 2014 3);4)

Total 193103 704 18677 39176 61486 46319 22422 4092 224 3 Total
Primul 101940 684 14178 23530 34987 19900 7405 1184 70 2 First
Al doilea 57996 20 3798 10316 17449 17251 8122 998 41 1 Second
Al treilea 16927 - 633 3560 4771 4398 2900 639 26 - Third
Al patrulea 7139 - 64 1259 2155 1928 1371 343 19 - Fourth
Al cincilea 3782 - 4 415 1160 1100 831 254 18 - Fifth
Al aselea 2173 - - 78 600 713 597 178 7 - Sixth
Al aptelea 1375 - - 16 264 510 435 143 7 - Seventh
Al optulea i peste 1771 - - 2 100 519 761 353 36 - Eighth and over

20154);5) 2015 4);5)

Total 185006 627 17621 35365 59921 44551 22466 4211 234 10 Total
Primul 96955 611 13605 21271 34105 19032 7166 1076 83 6 First
Al doilea 56826 16 3410 9337 17286 16992 8550 1186 47 2 Second
Al treilea 16294 - 548 3122 4555 4289 3092 654 33 1 Third
Al patrulea 6583 - 58 1173 2013 1705 1257 363 14 - Fourth
Al cincilea 3520 - - 369 1106 1004 780 253 8 - Fifth
Al aselea 1957 - - 79 502 650 533 185 8 - Sixth
Al aptelea 1228 - - 11 249 413 393 152 10 - Seventh
Al optulea i peste 1643 - - 3 105 466 695 342 31 1 Eighth and over

1) Nscuii-vii din anii 2012 i 2013 nu includ nscuii-vii a cror natere s-a petrecut n strintate i a fost nregistrat n Romnia.
Din acest motiv, datele nu sunt comparabile cu anii precedeni.
The live-births for 2012 and 2013 do not include those whose birth occurred abroad and was registered in Romania.
For this reason, the data is not comparable with the previous year.
2) Date revizuite. / Revised data.
3) Date definitive. / Final data.
4)
ncepnd cu anul 2014 sunt inclui numai nscuii-vii cu reedina obinuit n Romnia.
Starting with 2014 are included only live-births having their usual residence in Romania.
5) Date semidefinitive. / Semi-final data.

82 83
Vrsta medie a mamei la natere, pe medii de reziden
2.12 Average age of mother at birth, by residence areas
ani / years
Vrsta medie a mamei la prima natere Vrsta medie a mamei la orice natere
Anii Average age of mother at first birth Average age of mother at any birth
Years
Total Urban Rural Total Urban Rural

2000 23,7 24,9 22,3 25,5 26,3 24,9


2001 23,9 25,2 22,4 25,8 26,6 25,1
2002 24,2 25,5 22,5 26,0 26,9 25,3
2003 24,3 25,7 22,5 26,2 27,1 25,4
2004 24,6 26,0 22,6 26,4 27,3 25,5
2005 24,9 26,3 22,7 26,7 27,6 25,7
2006 25,2 26,6 22,9 26,9 27,8 25,8
2007 25,3 26,7 22,9 27,0 28,0 25,9
2008 25,5 27,0 23,1 27,1 28,1 25,9
2009 25,6 27,1 23,1 27,3 28,3 26,0
2010 26,0 27,5 23,4 27,6 28,6 26,2
2011 26,2 27,7 23,6 27,7 28,8 26,3
20121) 26,2 27,8 23,5 27,9 29,0 26,5
20131);2) 26,5 28,1 24,0 28,0 29,2 26,7
20143);4) 26,8 28,3 24,3 28,2 29,3 26,8
20154);5) 26,8 28,4 24,3 28,3 29,5 26,8

1) Datele se refer la vrsta medie a mamelor care au nscut pe teritoriul Romniei. Din acest motiv, datele nu sunt comparabile
cu anii precedeni.
Data refer only to average age of mothers who gave birth on Romanias territory. For this reason, the data is not comparable
with the previous years.
2) Date revizuite. / Revised data.
3) Date definitive. / Final data.
4) ncepnd cu anul 2014, datele se refer la vrsta medie a mamelor ai cror copii au reedina obinuit n Romnia.
Starting with 2014, data refer only to average age of womens whose children have their usual residence in Romania.
5) Date semidefinitive. / Semi-final data.

84
ntreruperi de sarcin1), pe grupe de vrst
2.13 Abortions 1), by age group

Grupa de vrst (ani) la care a avut loc ntreruperea de sarcin


Anii
Total Age group (years) when the abortion took place
Years
15 - 19 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45 - 49

Numr / Number
2010 101271 9731 22931 22351 23238 16223 6366 431
2011 102896 9589 22812 23005 23241 16893 6875 481
2012 87477 7547 18990 20210 19635 14751 5880 464
2013 85742 7611 17392 20523 18584 15089 5968 575
2014 77806 7287 15316 19210 16656 13533 5306 498
2015 70447 6431 13216 18153 14808 12417 4948 474

Rate la 1000 femei / Rates per 1000 women

20102) 17,8 15,9 26,3 27,2 24,8 18,4 6,9 0,7


20112) 18,2 16,1 27,2 28,6 25,0 19,0 7,0 0,8
20123) 18,6 14,1 30,0 31,4 26,9 19,4 7,0 0,8
20133) 18,3 14,3 29,3 31,1 26,7 19,5 7,6 0,9
20143) 16,7 13,8 27,4 28,7 25,0 17,5 7,1 0,7
20153);4) 15,2 12,2 24,8 27,3 23,0 16,3 6,7 0,6

Rate la 1000 nscui-vii / Rates per 1000 live-births

2010 478,9 446,9 435,5 355,7 455,0 851,6 1605,5 3882,9


2011 526,4 475,9 473,6 408,3 487,1 881,2 1807,8 3589,6
20125) 486,1 414,6 451,0 384,3 446,2 772,2 1539,3 3411,8
20135);6) 456,4 412,6 424,1 352,6 412,4 712,7 1573,0 2832,5
20147) 404,4 390,2 391,0 312,4 359,6 603,6 1296,7 2223,2
20157);8) 382,1 365,0 373,7 302,9 332,4 552,7 1175,0 2025,6

1) ntreruperi de sarcin ale femeilor de 15 - 49 ani.


Abortions of women aged 15 - 49 years.
2) Pentru perioada 2010-2011, ratele au fost recalculate ca urmare a diseminrii indicatorului Populaia dup domiciliu la 1 iulie.
For the 2010-2011 period, the rates have been recalculated due to the dissemination of the Population by permanent residence
at July 1st indicator.
3) Pentru perioada 2012-2015, ratele la 1000 locuitori au fost calculate cu populaia rezident la 1 iulie a fiecrui an, estimat n condiii
de comparabilitate cu rezultatele definitine ale Recensmntului Populaiei i al Locuinelor - 2011.
For the 2012-2015 period, the rates per 1000 inhabitants, calculated based on usual resident population on July 1st of each year
were used, estimated under the conditons of comparability with final results of the Population and Housing Census - 2011.
4) Date provizorii. / Provisional data.
5) Ratele au fost calculate la numrul nscuilor-vii, nscui n Romnia. Din acest motiv, datele nu sunt comparabile cu anii precedeni.
Rates calculated with the number of live-births in Romania. For this reason, the data is not comparable with the previous years.
6) Date revizuite. / Revised data.
7) ncepnd cu anul 2014 sunt inclui numai nscuii-vii cu reedina obinuit n Romnia.
Beninning with 2014 are included only live-births having their usual residence in Romania.
8) Date semidefinitive./ Semi-final data.

85
1)
Ratele de fertilitate , pe grupe de vrst i indicele conjunctural
2)
al fertlitii
2.14 1)
Fertility rates , by age group and total fertlity rate
2)

Rata general Grupa de vrst (ani) / Age group (years) Indicele conjunctural
Anii de fertilitate al fertilitii
Years General fertility rate 15-19 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 Total fertility rate

1960 73,9 59,1 164,1 121,2 67,6 39,0 14,5 1,4 2,3
1961 68,4 62,6 155,4 110,1 60,1 32,4 13,2 0,9 2,2
1962 63,5 58,4 147,4 105,0 54,9 29,5 11,4 0,8 2,0
1963 61,9 61,5 144,0 102,9 53,1 28,2 10,7 0,7 2,0
1964 59,9 56,8 144,0 102,6 52,2 26,2 9,5 0,8 2,0
1965 57,3 52,4 140,7 99,8 53,5 25,1 8,9 0,8 1,9
1966 55,7 51,7 143,0 98,2 53,4 25,1 8,3 0,9 1,9
1967 105,5 79,8 251,8 198,1 124,1 59,7 16,6 1,2 3,7
1968 102,9 82,4 241,4 193,9 126,5 63,9 17,3 1,2 3,6
1969 89,6 72,6 215,7 171,7 108,0 54,7 15,0 1,0 3,2
1970 81,2 65,7 201,4 151,6 94,9 48,8 13,8 0,9 2,9
1971 75,3 62,1 190,9 138,1 82,7 44,3 13,1 0,8 2,7
1972 72,7 61,3 185,9 131,6 76,9 40,7 12,0 0,8 2,5
1973 70,4 60,6 182,4 124,2 71,6 37,6 10,3 0,6 2,4
1974 79,3 69,3 202,3 142,9 78,3 40,2 10,7 0,7 2,7
1975 77,5 69,2 197,8 138,5 71,4 36,7 10,0 0,7 2,6
1976 77,3 70,0 196,9 136,7 69,4 33,4 9,0 0,7 2,6
1977 78,8 71,2 200,9 138,1 67,6 32,3 8,6 0,7 2,6
1978 77,7 72,8 198,5 132,7 64,4 30,3 8,2 0,7 2,5
1979 76,6 72,5 200,2 128,8 61,0 28,4 7,6 0,7 2,5
1980 74,8 72,3 200,4 126,8 58,3 25,0 6,5 0,5 2,4
1981 71,9 71,1 194,3 121,6 56,4 23,4 6,3 0,6 2,4
1982 65,1 68,9 184,4 107,2 47,5 19,6 5,2 0,4 2,2
1983 59,5 57,5 178,4 99,9 42,5 17,4 4,5 0,4 2,0
1984 64,2 56,1 191,9 114,7 50,5 20,1 4,6 0,3 2,2
1985 65,1 57,3 191,4 121,1 55,2 21,4 5,1 0,4 2,3
1986 68,2 62,9 191,3 126,7 63,3 26,1 6,4 0,4 2,4
1987 69,1 65,3 189,7 126,4 65,7 28,7 8,1 0,4 2,4
1988 68,4 62,7 176,7 123,8 63,0 27,3 7,3 0,4 2,3
1989 66,3 59,3 169,1 118,0 58,8 25,6 7,1 0,4 2,2
1990 56,2 51,5 145,2 97,8 46,4 19,4 5,5 0,4 1,8
1991 48,7 49,8 131,1 78,6 34,2 13,9 4,0 0,3 1,6
1992 46,0 47,9 122,8 75,4 30,5 12,7 3,6 0,2 1,5
1993 43,7 47,7 121,1 71,9 27,7 11,3 3,1 0,3 1,4
1994 42,7 45,5 116,9 73,3 28,2 11,1 3,2 0,2 1,4
1995 40,6 42,3 108,4 71,0 28,7 10,8 3,1 0,2 1,3
1996 39,4 40,1 102,3 70,1 29,4 10,7 2,9 0,2 1,3
1997 40,1 40,6 101,9 70,1 33,1 11,0 2,9 0,2 1,3
1998 40,1 40,0 98,3 75,4 35,2 11,4 2,8 0,2 1,3
1999 39,7 39,6 94,3 76,0 36,1 12,1 2,8 0,2 1,3
2000 39,7 38,3 90,9 77,7 37,5 13,1 3,0 0,2 1,3
2001 37,3 35,1 82,3 73,9 36,2 13,4 3,0 0,2 1,2
2002 35,5 31,7 76,1 71,2 35,7 14,4 2,9 0,2 1,2
2003 35,8 32,4 74,9 72,4 38,9 15,2 3,0 0,2 1,2
2004 36,3 32,7 73,3 74,0 42,9 16,6 3,3 0,1 1,2
2005 37,3 32,4 70,0 77,3 47,8 17,6 3,4 0,2 1,2

Not: ncepnd cu anul 1992, ratele au fost recalculate ca urmare a diseminrii indicatorului Populaia dup domiciliu la 1 iulie.
Ratele pentru perioada 2012-2015 au fost calculate cu populaia rezident la 1 iulie a anului respectiv.
Nscuii-vii din anii 2012 i 2013 nu includ nscuii-vii a cror natere s-a petrecut n strintate i a fost nregistrat n Romnia.
ncepnd cu anul 2014 sunt inclui numai nscuii-vii cu reedina obinuit n Romnia.
Note: Starting with 1992, the rates have been recalculated due to the dissemination of the Population by permanent residence
at July 1st indicator.
Rates for the 2012-2015 period were computed using the usual resident population at July 1st of the respective year.
The live-births for 2012 and 2013 do not include those whose birth occurred abroad and was registered in Romania.
Beginning with 2014, only the live-births having their usual residence in Romania were considered.
1) Nscui-vii la 1000 femei de vrst fertil (15-49 ani).
Live-births born per 1000 women during their fertile life (15-49 years).
2) Numrul de copii nscui de o femeie n cursul vieii sale fertile.
Number of children born in Romania by a woman during her fertile life.

86
1)
Ratele de fertilitate , pe grupe de vrst i indicele conjunctural
2)
al fertlitii - continuare
2.14 1) 2)
Fertility rates , by age group and total fertlity rate - continued

Rata general Grupa de vrst (ani) / Age group (years) Indicele conjunctural
Anii de fertilitate al fertilitii
Years General fertility rate 15-19 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 Total fertility rate

2006 37,3 33,7 67,3 76,6 49,7 17,8 3,4 0,2 1,2
2007 36,8 33,9 64,5 75,5 49,9 17,1 3,7 0,2 1,2
2008 38,4 37,1 65,8 78,1 52,6 19,1 4,2 0,2 1,3
2009 38,7 37,8 65,3 78,5 54,5 20,6 4,4 0,2 1,3
2010 37,2 35,5 60,3 76,4 54,5 21,6 4,3 0,2 1,3
2011 34,6 33,8 57,5 69,9 51,4 21,6 3,9 0,2 1,2
2012 38,2 34,0 66,5 81,6 60,3 25,1 4,6 0,2 1,4
20133) 40,1 34,7 69,2 88,3 64,7 27,4 4,8 0,3 1,4
2014 41,3 35,3 70,2 91,7 69,6 29,1 5,5 0,3 1,5
20154) 39,7 33,4 66,4 90,1 69,2 29,5 5,7 0,3 1,5

Not: ncepnd cu anul 1992, ratele au fost recalculate ca urmare a diseminrii indicatorului Populaia dup domiciliu la 1 iulie.
Ratele pentru perioada 2012-2015 au fost calculate cu populaia rezident la 1 iulie a anului respectiv.
Nscuii-vii din anii 2012 i 2013 nu includ nscuii-vii a cror natere s-a petrecut n strintate i a fost nregistrat n Romnia.
ncepnd cu anul 2014 sunt inclui numai nscuii-vii cu reedina obinuit n Romnia.
Note: Starting with 1992, the rates have been recalculated due to the dissemination of the Population by permanent residence
at July 1st indicator.
Rates for the 2012-2015 period were computed using the usual resident population at July 1st of the respective year.
The live-births for 2012 and 2013 do not include those whose birth occurred abroad and was registered in Romania.
Beginning with 2014, only the live-births having their usual residence in Romania were considered.
1) Nscui-vii la 1000 femei de vrst fertil (15-49 ani).
Live-births born per 1000 women during their fertile life (15-49 years).
2) Numrul de copii nscui de o femeie n cursul vieii sale fertile.
Number of children born in Romania by a woman during her fertile life.
3) Date revizuite. / Revised data.
4) Date provizorii. / Provisional data.

Decesele, pe grupe de vrst i sexe


2.15 Deaths, by age group and sex
persoane / persons

Grupa de vrst (ani) 2010 2011 20121) 20131);2) 20143);4) 20154);5)


Age group (years)

Total
Total 259723 251439 253716 247475 254237 260661
0-4 2502 2264 2117 1979 1917 1776
5-9 282 206 209 196 197 191
10-14 287 259 286 228 231 232
15-19 591 547 513 479 438 486
20-24 1112 999 946 812 699 650
25-29 1132 976 905 961 1048 1035
30-34 1795 1607 1332 1264 1274 1195
35-39 2781 2390 2226 2221 2250 2120
40-44 4924 4464 4360 3814 3887 3715
45-49 6149 5349 5021 5463 6213 6475
50-54 12246 10631 9773 8890 8510 8035
55-59 17135 16034 16245 15735 16214 15230
60-64 19233 19470 19851 20365 20912 21140
65-69 21542 20149 20155 20401 21452 23529
70-74 34716 32043 30825 28150 27207 26193
75-79 42823 41509 42188 40181 41122 41376
80-84 45172 44918 45689 44543 45397 47431
85-89 31991 33575 34891 34499 36073 38319
90-94 9428 10489 12726 14554 16262 18081
95-99 3505 3145 2988 2221 2409 2940
100 i peste / and over 377 415 470 519 525 512
1) Decesele din anii 2012 i 2013 nu includ decesele care s-au petrecut n strintate i au fost nregistrate n Romnia.
Din acest motiv, datele nu sunt comparabile cu anii precedeni.
The deaths for 2012 and 2013 do not include those that occurred abroad and were registred in Romania.
For this reason, the data is not comparable with the previous year.
2) Date revizuite. / Revised data.
3) Date definitive. / Final data.
4) ncepnd cu anul 2014 sunt incluse numai decesele persoanelor cu reedina obinuit n Romnia.
Starting with 2014 are included only the deaths of persons having their usual residence in Romania.
5) Date semidefinitive. / Semi-final data.

87
Decesele, pe grupe de vrst i sexe - continuare
2.15 Deaths, by age group and sex - continued
persoane / persons

Grupa de vrst (ani) 2010 2011 20121) 20131);2) 20143);4) 20154);5)


Age group (years)

Masculin / Male
Total 137957 132180 132408 129209 132742 135509

0-4 1422 1303 1159 1131 1123 987


5-9 166 134 125 117 113 117
10-14 171 164 192 145 154 149
15-19 394 394 364 315 307 343
20-24 830 746 686 601 519 510
25-29 825 689 659 707 751 737
30-34 1331 1136 954 874 924 867
35-39 1997 1714 1599 1585 1569 1493
40-44 3534 3211 3110 2702 2818 2624
45-49 4435 3844 3609 3914 4472 4636
50-54 8897 7604 6967 6276 6058 5718
55-59 12070 11256 11432 11061 11383 10798
60-64 12858 13061 13363 13689 14167 14336
65-69 13373 12463 12683 12850 13616 15099
70-74 19396 17909 17251 15898 15471 15013
75-79 20972 20519 20700 19767 20300 20427
80-84 19333 19171 19542 19133 19273 20302
85-89 11734 12406 12881 12936 13601 14467
90-94 3019 3334 4079 4693 5287 5879
95-99 1061 986 893 659 684 852
100 i peste / and over 139 136 160 156 152 155

Feminin / Female

Total 121766 119259 121308 118266 121495 125152

0-4 1080 961 958 848 794 789


5-9 116 72 84 79 84 74
10-14 116 95 94 83 77 83
15-19 197 153 149 164 131 143
20-24 282 253 260 211 180 140
25-29 307 287 246 254 297 298
30-34 464 471 378 390 350 328
35-39 784 676 627 636 681 627
40-44 1390 1253 1250 1112 1069 1091
45-49 1714 1505 1412 1549 1741 1839
50-54 3349 3027 2806 2614 2452 2317
55-59 5065 4778 4813 4674 4831 4432
60-64 6375 6409 6488 6676 6745 6804
65-69 8169 7686 7472 7551 7836 8430
70-74 15320 14134 13574 12252 11736 11180
75-79 21851 20990 21488 20414 20822 20949
80-84 25839 25747 26147 25410 26124 27129
85-89 20257 21169 22010 21563 22472 23852
90-94 6409 7155 8647 9861 10975 12202
95-99 2444 2159 2095 1562 1725 2088
100 i peste / and over 238 279 310 363 373 357

1) Decesele din anii 2012 i 2013 nu includ decesele care s-au petrecut n strintate i au fost nregistrate n Romnia.
Din acest motiv, datele nu sunt comparabile cu anii precedeni.
The deaths for 2012 and 2013 do not include those that occurred abroad and were registred in Romania.
For this reason, the data is not comparable with the previous year.
2) Date revizuite. / Revised data.
3) Date definitive. / Final data.
4) ncepnd cu anul 2014 sunt incluse numai decesele persoanelor cu reedina obinuit n Romnia.
Starting with 2014 are included only the deaths of persons having their usual residence in Romania.
5) Date semidefinitive. / Semi-final data.

88
Decesele sub 1 an, dup grupa de vrst
2.16 Infant deaths, by age group
persoane / persons

Grupa de vrst 2010 2011 20121) 20131);2) 20143);4) 20154);5) Age group

Total 2078 1850 1806 1677 1628 1490 Total

Neonatale 1183 1063 968 993 992 870 Neonatal

Sub 7 zile 782 695 638 701 647 593 Under 7 days
7-13 zile 181 173 139 139 168 117 7-13 days
14-29 zile 220 195 191 153 177 160 14-29 days

Postneonatale 895 787 838 684 636 620 Postneonatal

1 lun 254 245 262 205 199 200 1 month


2 luni 159 138 157 107 97 113 2 months
3-4 luni 204 163 174 153 137 121 3-4 months
5-6 luni 125 102 97 114 83 85 5-6 months
7-8 luni 60 68 67 55 60 43 7-8 months
9-11 luni 93 71 81 50 60 58 9-11 months

1) Decesele sub 1 an din anii 2012 i 2013 nu includ decesele care s-au petrecut n strintate i au fost nregistrate n Romnia.
Din acest motiv, datele nu sunt comparabile cu anii precedeni.
Infant deaths for 2012 and 2013 do not include those that occurred abroad and were registred in Romania.
For this reason, the data is not comparable with the previous year.
2) Date revizuite. / Revised data.
3) Date definitive. / Final data.
4) ncepnd cu anul 2014 sunt incluse numai decesele sub 1 an ale persoanelor cu reedina obinuit n Romnia.
Starting with 2014 are included only the infant deaths having their usual residence in Romania.
5) Date semidefinitive. / Semi-final data.

89
2.17 Decese, pe cauze de deces i sexe
Deaths, by death causes and by sex
persoane / persons
2010 2011 20121) 20131);2) 20143);4) 20154);5)
Masculin Feminin Masculin Feminin Masculin Feminin Masculin Feminin Masculin Feminin Masculin Feminin
Male Female Male Female Male Female Male Female Male Female Male Female

Total 137957 121766 132180 119259 132408 121308 129209 118266 132742 121495 135509 125152 Total

Boli infecioase i parazitare 1780 694 1575 658 1626 770 1548 808 1676 995 1740 992 Infectious and parasitic diseases
din care: of which:
Tuberculoz 1249 233 1052 231 986 263 900 233 876 249 835 220 Tuberculosis

Tumori 28259 19243 28718 19638 29143 19875 29351 20313 30094 20459 30291 20982 Neoplasm

Boli endocrine, de nutriie i Endocrine, nutritional and


metabolism 1155 1419 1074 1283 1120 1311 1142 1208 1126 1280 1257 1409 metabolic diseases
din care: of which:
Diabet zaharat 1095 1355 1024 1199 1051 1243 1069 1146 1043 1198 1182 1326 Diabete mellitus

Tulburri mentale i de comportament 465 153 315 112 259 88 265 79 275 91 239 82 Mental and behavioural disorders

Boli ale sistemului nervos 1219 1345 1384 1394 1445 1733 1393 1729 1532 1921 1640 2098 Diseases of the nervous system

Boli ale aparatului circulator 73993 82366 70845 80693 71025 82188 68486 78808 68873 80125 71171 82628 Diseases of the circulatory system
din care: of which:
Boala ischemic a inimii 27021 26276 25796 25069 25534 25851 24786 24828 25160 25482 26042 26628 Ischaemic heart disease
Boli cerebro-vasculare 22490 26815 21278 26295 21103 26249 20503 25603 19855 24805 19744 24531 Cerebrovascular diseases

Boli ale aparatului respirator 8062 4671 7923 4537 8194 5046 7855 4829 8322 5064 9138 5851 Diseases of the respiratory system

Boli ale aparatului digestiv 10174 6430 8684 5815 8702 5759 8407 5631 8686 5858 8659 5714 Diseases of the digestive system

Boli ale aparatului genito-urinar 1402 1142 1437 1219 1625 1332 1643 1510 1699 1568 1823 1631 Diseases of the genitourinary system

Sarcin, natere i luzie - 51 - 50 - 23 - 27 - 24 - 27 Pregnancy, childbirth and puerperium

Unele afeciuni a cror origine se Certain diseases originating


situeaz n perioada perinatal 436 279 380 277 354 269 372 291 403 238 315 228 in the perinatal period

Malformaii congenitale, deformaii i Congenital malformations, deformations


anomalii cromozomiale 351 274 329 239 289 245 277 223 240 198 232 192 and chromosomal abnormalities

Leziuni traumatice, otrviri i alte Injury, poisoning and other


consecine ale cauzelor externe 9280 2752 8156 2378 8207 2344 7738 2249 7722 2193 7493 2230 consequences of external causes

Alte cauze 1381 947 1360 966 419 325 732 561 2094 1481 1511 1088 Other causes

Not: Cauzele de deces, conform Clasificrii Internaionale a Maladiilor - Revizia a X-a, 1994 - Organizaia Mondial a Sntii.
Note: Death causes, according to the International Classification of Diseases - Revision X, 1994 - World Health Organisation.
1) Decesele din anii 2012 i 2013 nu includ decesele care s-au petrecut n strintate i au fost nregistrate n Romnia.
Din acest motiv, datele nu sunt comparabile cu anii precedeni.
The deaths for 2012 and 2013 do not include those that occurred abroad and were registred in Romania.
For this reason, the data is not comparable with the previous year.
2) Date revizuite. / Revised data.
3) Date definitive. / Final data.
4)
ncepnd cu anul 2014 sunt incluse numai decesele persoanelor cu reedina obinuit n Romnia.
Starting with 2014 are included only the deaths of persons having their usual residence in Romania.
5) Date semidefinitive. / Semi-final data.

90 91
Decese sub 1 an, pe cauze de deces
2.18 Infant deaths, by cause of death
persoane/ persons

2010 2011 20121) 20131);2) 20143);4) 20154);5)

Total 2078 1850 1806 1677 1628 1490


Boli infecioase i parazitare 45 50 35 32 38 38
Infectious and parasitic diseases

din care: / of which:


Diareea i gastroenterita de natur infecioas 24 20 12 12 1 1
Diarrhoea and gastro-enteritis of infectious nature

Infecia cu meningococi 4 3 2 2 2 4
Meningococcus infection

Boli ale sistemului nervos 30 35 43 29 27 31


Diseases of the nervous system

din care: / of which:


Meningita 9 10 11 3 3 4
Meningitis

Encefalita, mielita i encefalomielita 8 6 7 3 2 3


Encephalitis, myelitis and encephalo-myelitis

Boli ale aparatului respirator 602 514 526 407 399 364
Diseases of the respiratory system
din care: / of which:
Pneumonia 572 492 485 394 378 347
Pneumonia

Boli ale aparatului digestiv 30 35 20 30 50 38


Diseases of the digestive system

din care: / of which:


Gastrita, enterita i colita neinfecioas 18 17 7 16 29 21
Non-infective gastroenteritis and colitis

Unele afeciuni a cror origine se situeaz n


perioada perinatal 715 657 623 663 641 543
Certain diseases originating in the perinatal period

din care: / of which:


Traumatisme obstetricale 8 7 4 5 3 5
Obstetrics traumatisms

Hemoragii fetale i neonatale 228 199 134 177 183 161


Fetal and neo-natal hemorrhages

Malformaii congenitale, deformaii i anomalii


cromozomiale 515 437 424 403 352 353
Congenital malformations, deformations and
chromosomal abnormalities

din care: / of which:


Malformaii congenitale ale aparatului circulator 240 221 206 189 175 175
Congenital malformations of the circulatory system

Leziuni traumatice, otrviri i alte consecine ale


cauzelor externe 83 66 84 57 52 55
Injury, poisoning and other consequences of
external causes

Alte cauze 58 56 51 56 69 68
Other causes
Not: Cauzele de deces, conform Clasificrii Internaionale a Maladiilor - Revizia a X-a, 1994 - Organizaia Mondial a Sntii.
Note: Death causes, according to the International Classification of Diseases - Revision X, 1994 - World Health Organisation.
1) Decesele sub 1 an din anii 2012 i 2013 nu includ decesele care s-au petrecut n strintate i au fost nregistrate n Romnia.
Din acest motiv, datele nu sunt comparabile cu anii precedeni.
Infant deaths for 2012 and 2013 do not include those that occurred abroad and were registred in Romania.
For this reason, the data is not comparable with the previous year.
2) Date revizuite. / Revised data.
3) Date definitive. / Final data.
4) ncepnd cu anul 2014 sunt incluse numai decesele sub 1 an ale persoanelor cu reedina obinuit n Romnia.
Starting with 2014 are included only the infant deaths having their usual residence in Romania.
5) Date semidefinitive. / Semi-final data.

92
Durata medie a vieii, pe sexe i medii de reziden
2.19 Life expectancy, by sex and residence areas
ani / years
Pe sexe / By sex Pe medii de reziden / By residence areas
Anii Masculin Feminin Urban / Urban Rural / Rural Years
Total Male Female Total Masculin Feminin Total Masculin Feminin
Male Female Male Female

1970 67,33 65,07 69,51 68,27 65,79 70,67 66,63 64,40 68,83 1970
1971 68,00 65,70 70,26 68,84 66,29 71,32 67,41 65,17 69,61 1971
1972 68,58 66,27 70,85 69,38 66,79 71,89 68,01 65,78 70,20 1972
1973 68,55 66,28 70,77 69,50 66,98 71,96 67,87 65,67 70,02 1973
1974 69,08 66,83 71,29 69,93 67,44 72,36 68,46 65,27 70,60 1974
1975 69,58 67,29 71,82 70,29 67,84 72,69 68,99 66,74 71,18 1975
1976 69,69 67,37 71,97 70,72 68,23 73,15 68,79 66,47 71,04 1976
1977 69,76 67,45 72,06 70,56 68,06 73,00 69,03 66,71 71,28 1977
1978 69,82 67,42 72,18 70,52 67,96 73,03 69,08 66,62 71,46 1978
1979 69,54 67,10 71,98 70,14 67,41 72,83 68,94 66,67 71,24 1979
1980 69,21 66,68 71,75 69,82 67,02 72,59 68,59 66,21 71,03 1980
1981 69,14 66,53 71,78 69,77 66,88 72,64 68,53 66,05 71,07 1981
1982 69,42 66,70 72,17 69,94 66,90 72,95 68,89 66,31 71,53 1982
1983 69,60 66,83 72,40 70,23 67,15 73,28 68,94 66,30 71,65 1983
1984 69,77 66,98 72,61 70,46 67,40 73,49 69,04 66,34 71,82 1984
1985 69,70 66,81 72,65 70,37 67,20 73,54 68,95 66,14 71,85 1985
1986 69,74 66,78 72,78 70,36 67,10 73,61 68,99 66,14 71,98 1986
1987 69,53 66,55 72,59 70,06 66,88 73,26 68,81 65,89 71,86 1987
1988 69,27 66,30 72,32 69,84 66,69 73,03 68,52 65,60 71,58 1988
1989 69,42 66,51 72,41 70,17 67,08 73,28 68,55 65,65 71,60 1989
1990 69,56 66,56 72,65 70,25 67,06 73,46 68,70 65,70 71,80 1990
1991 69,76 66,59 73,05 70,39 67,02 73,83 68,88 65,71 72,25 1991
1992 69,78 66,56 73,17 70,54 67,16 74,02 68,75 65,45 72,29 1992
1993 69,52 66,06 73,17 70,01 66,45 73,71 68,76 65,32 72,52 1993
1994 69,48 65,88 73,32 70,02 66,36 73,83 68,67 65,04 72,68 1994
1995 69,40 65,70 73,36 70,05 66,33 73,95 68,46 64,70 72,66 1995
1996 69,05 65,30 73,09 69,84 66,12 73,77 67,99 64,13 72,33 1996
1997 68,95 65,19 73,00 69,82 66,16 73,66 67,80 63,86 72,26 1997
1998 69,24 65,46 73,32 70,09 66,39 73,97 68,11 64,16 72,58 1998
1999 69,74 66,05 73,67 70,58 66,92 74,38 68,66 64,85 72,91 1999
2000 70,53 67,03 74,20 71,31 67,84 74,86 69,53 65,93 73,49 2000
2001 71,19 67,69 74,84 71,94 68,50 75,42 70,20 66,57 74,17 2001
2002 71,18 67,61 74,90 72,02 68,55 75,51 70,08 66,35 74,20 2002
2003 71,01 67,42 74,78 71,81 68,24 75,42 70,08 66,41 74,14 2003
2004 71,32 67,74 75,06 72,15 68,62 75,70 70,34 66,67 74,41 2004
2005 71,76 68,19 75,47 72,53 69,04 76,01 70,78 67,12 74,83 2005
2006 72,22 68,74 75,80 72,98 69,56 76,34 71,23 67,69 75,13 2006
2007 72,61 69,17 76,14 73,34 69,96 76,64 71,64 68,13 75,50 2007
2008 73,47 69,99 77,05 74,62 71,30 77,87 72,02 68,38 76,06 2008
2009 73,76 70,19 77,45 75,04 71,62 78,40 72,18 68,46 76,35 2009
2010 73,90 70,27 77,64 75,26 71,83 78,62 72,20 68,38 76,50 2010
2011 74,20 70,63 77,86 75,50 72,14 78,78 72.55 68,81 76,75 2011
2012 74,69 71,24 78,20 75,94 72,68 79,09 73,13 69,52 77,12 2012
20131) 75,15 71,73 78,60 76,36 73,15 79,43 73,65 70,07 77,60 20131)
20142) 75,44 72,00 78,91 76,64 73,41 79,71 73,94 70,34 77,94 20142)
2015 75,41 71,96 78,91 76,65 73,44 79,70 73,87 70,24 77,93 2015

Not: Durata medie a vieii n anul de referin s-a calculat pe baza numrului populaiei dup domiciliu i al deceselor cu domiciliul
sau reedina obinuit n Romnia pentru o perioad de trei ani.
Note: Life expectancy in the reference year was computed based on population by permanent residence, deceased that had either their
permanent residence or their usual residence in Romania during a three years period.
1) Date revizuite. / Revised data.
2) Date definitive. / Final data.

93
Cstoriile dup grupa de vrst a soilor
2.20 Marriages by age group of spouses

Grupa de vrst Grupa de vrst a soiei (ani) / Age group of wife (years)
a soului (ani) 60 i
Age group of husband Total Sub 20 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50-54 55-59 peste
(years) under and over

2010
Total 115778 9748 41034 34120 16122 6890 3813 1552 1155 737 607
Sub / under 20 872 571 267 27 5 1 - 1 - - -
20-24 21266 5195 13058 2590 342 68 7 5 1 - -
25-29 43390 3003 19492 17208 3128 455 86 12 4 1 1
30-34 27094 832 6622 10651 7069 1551 324 33 10 1 1
35-39 10664 117 1264 2677 3594 2196 671 111 23 9 2
40-44 5583 22 247 697 1401 1665 1226 239 70 15 1
45-49 2336 1 52 152 340 520 728 370 138 27 8
50-54 1790 5 11 68 156 256 428 394 347 95 30
55-59 1309 - 16 32 52 115 237 248 319 235 55
60 i peste / and over 1474 2 5 18 35 63 106 139 243 354 509

2011
Total 105599 7909 36214 31770 15016 6679 3855 1608 1111 773 664
Sub / under 20 599 384 185 22 7 - - - - 1 -
20-24 18236 4219 11282 2324 334 61 14 2 - - -
25-29 38670 2451 17206 15832 2669 406 90 9 5 2 -
30-34 25303 710 6099 10134 6519 1462 323 42 12 1 1
35-39 10304 114 1117 2514 3567 2200 657 107 22 4 2
40-44 5571 21 253 689 1332 1635 1258 290 73 16 4
45-49 2247 5 41 146 355 485 708 366 103 31 7
50-54 1781 5 15 68 135 253 448 409 299 112 37
55-59 1336 - 7 27 63 109 222 242 346 242 78
60 i peste / and over 1552 - 9 14 35 68 135 141 251 364 535

2012
Total 107760 7482 35318 33940 15356 7112 4215 1690 1178 753 716
Sub / under 20 502 333 143 17 3 4 2 - - - -
20-24 16783 3802 10331 2278 283 71 14 3 1 - -
25-29 40097 2562 17421 17036 2529 428 102 15 3 - 1
30-34 26021 636 5931 10695 6895 1509 301 45 7 2 -
35-39 11329 119 1191 2986 3716 2455 720 107 25 8 2
40-44 5805 22 223 684 1350 1678 1436 319 73 16 4
45-49 2437 6 45 151 353 536 773 407 135 22 9
50-54 1831 - 23 55 127 238 479 413 337 119 40
55-59 1266 1 8 23 55 116 229 218 313 233 70
60 i peste / and over 1689 1 2 15 45 77 159 163 284 353 590

2013
Total 107507 6720 32733 36272 15243 7526 3903 2231 1252 858 769
Sub / under 20 452 285 139 21 5 2 - - - - -
20-24 14620 3251 8908 2153 246 52 6 2 - 2 -
25-29 41012 2418 16989 18447 2595 472 68 19 2 2 -
30-34 25640 586 5222 11359 6576 1562 272 52 11 - -
35-39 12103 144 1156 3238 3969 2641 763 156 29 5 2
40-44 5547 28 227 743 1270 1661 1146 371 82 11 8
45-49 3035 3 60 196 387 685 896 607 151 41 9
50-54 1868 5 17 75 106 248 422 527 318 101 49
55-59 1417 - 6 28 55 130 191 293 354 283 77
60 i peste / and over 1813 - 9 12 34 73 139 204 305 413 624

2014
Total 118075 6717 33116 41115 17184 8982 4431 3059 1506 1038 927
Sub / under 20 475 309 137 22 4 1 1 - - - 1
20-24 14468 3200 8668 2260 263 59 11 5 1 - 1
25-29 44913 2467 17543 21274 2962 539 101 24 1 2 -
30-34 27942 578 5258 12695 7231 1757 336 80 4 3 -
35-39 13903 138 1178 3764 4542 3205 793 245 33 4 1
40-44 6451 22 240 765 1424 2073 1331 500 77 16 3
45-49 4100 1 64 221 520 902 1159 971 204 44 14
50-54 2019 - 18 63 133 237 356 621 419 132 40
55-59 1727 1 7 31 59 126 208 364 456 362 113
60 i peste / and over 2077 1 3 20 46 83 135 249 311 475 754

94
Cstoriile dup grupa de vrst a soilor - continuare
2.20 Marriages by age group of spouses - continued

Grupa de vrst Grupa de vrst a soiei (ani) / Age group of wife (years)
a soului (ani) 60 i
Age group of husband Total Sub 20 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50-54 55-59 peste
(years) under and over

2015
Total 125454 7166 32997 44530 18891 9796 5013 3499 1504 1095 963
Sub / under 20 468 278 157 28 4 1 - - - - -
20-24 14033 3342 8227 2127 264 56 12 1 3 - 1
25-29 47524 2704 17991 22839 3295 551 113 22 5 3 1
30-34 30209 638 5134 14146 7932 1904 355 86 11 2 1
35-39 15198 152 1162 4079 4993 3561 938 267 36 8 2
40-44 7320 33 241 963 1645 2231 1555 538 83 24 7
45-49 4358 15 52 242 526 994 1202 1053 212 47 15
50-54 2256 2 18 56 131 286 462 751 395 123 32
55-59 1828 1 10 33 61 123 238 460 428 368 106
60 i peste / and over 2260 1 5 17 40 89 138 321 331 520 798

2.21 Cstoriile dup starea civil a soilor nainte de cstorie


Marriages by previous marital status of spouses
numr / number
Starea civil a soiei / Marital status of wife
Starea civil Total Necstorit Divorat Vduv Marital status
a soului Unmarried Divorced Widow of husband

2010 2010
Total 115778 100409 13809 1560 Total
Necstorit 99887 92843 6546 498 Unmarried
Divorat 14801 7298 6793 710 Divorced
Vduv 1090 268 470 352 Widower

2011 2011
Total 105599 90421 13639 1539 Total
Necstorit 90095 83278 6352 465 Unmarried
Divorat 14379 6879 6802 698 Divorced
Vduv 1125 264 485 376 Widower

2012 2012
Total 107760 92128 14110 1522 Total
Necstorit 91796 84718 6576 502 Unmarried
Divorat 14853 7140 7043 670 Divorced
Vduv 1111 270 491 350 Widower

2013 2013
Total 107507 91589 14426 1492 Total
Necstorit 91479 84258 6763 458 Unmarried
Divorat 14943 7052 7204 687 Divorced
Vduv 1085 279 459 347 Widower

2014 2014
Total 118075 101188 15247 1640 Total
Necstorit 101332 93624 7152 556 Unmarried
Divorat 15694 7317 7624 753 Divorced
Vduv 1049 247 471 331 Widower

2015 2015
Total 125454 107027 16725 1702 Total
Necstorit 107766 99171 8033 562 Unmarried
Divorat 16605 7598 8194 813 Divorced
Vduv 1083 258 498 327 Widower

95
Vrsta medie la cstorie i vrsta medie la prima cstorie, pe medii de reziden
2.22 Average age at marriage and average age at first marriage, by residence areas
ani / years
Vrsta medie la cstorie Vrsta medie la prima cstorie
Anul i mediul Average age at marriage Average age at first marriage
de reziden
Year and residence So Soie So Soie
areas Husband Wife Husband Wife

2010
Total 30,9 27,6 29,1 26,0
Urban 31,4 28,4 29,6 26,9
Rural 30,1 26,1 28,4 24,3

2011
Total 31,4 28,0 29,3 26,2
Urban 31,8 28,8 29,7 27,1
Rural 30,6 26,6 28,7 24,6

2012
Total 31,6 28,2 29,6 26,4
Urban 32,1 29,0 30,0 27,3
Rural 30,7 26,8 28,9 24,8

2013
Total 31,9 28,5 29,9 26,7
Urban 32,4 29,3 30,3 27,6
Rural 31,1 27,2 29,2 25,1

2014
Total 32,3 29,0 30,4 27,3
Urban 32,9 29,9 31,0 28,3
Rural 31,2 27,3 29,3 25,3

2015
Total 32,5 29,1 30,6 27,4
Urban 33,0 30,0 31,2 28,4
Rural 31,4 27,6 29,5 25,5

Divorurile dup grupa de vrst a soilor


2.23 Divorces by age group of spouses
numr / number
Grupa de vrst Grupa de vrst a soiei (ani) / Age group of wife (years)
a soului (ani)
Age group Total Sub 20 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50-54 55-59 60 i peste
of husband (years) under and over

2010
Total 32632 202 3298 5618 7069 5805 5015 2349 1673 956 647
Sub / Under 20 9 5 4 - - - - - - - -
20-24 851 78 589 132 33 12 6 - - 1 -
25-29 3604 80 1460 1568 383 75 20 15 2 1 -
30-34 6891 29 947 2636 2607 539 106 17 5 3 2
35-39 6599 8 243 981 2790 2056 455 48 14 4 -
40-44 6051 2 39 238 1012 2345 2134 223 47 10 1
45-49 3207 - 10 37 168 531 1520 751 148 35 7
50-54 2645 - 4 14 51 173 575 953 709 140 26
55-59 1572 - 2 8 11 52 157 272 569 420 81
60 i peste / and over 1203 - - 4 14 22 42 70 179 342 530

96
Divorurile dup grupa de vrst a soilor - continuare
2.23 Divorces by age group of spouses - continued
numr / number
Grupa de vrst Grupa de vrst a soiei (ani) / Age group of wife (years)
a soului (ani)
Age group Total Sub 20 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50-54 55-59 60 i peste
of husband (years) under and over

2011
Total 35780 171 3632 6212 7537 6387 5709 2417 1852 1036 827
Sub / Under 20 10 3 5 1 - 1 - - - - -
20-24 879 73 628 148 23 3 2 1 1 - -
25-29 3984 60 1613 1807 394 86 17 4 3 - -
30-34 7542 32 1032 2841 2897 618 97 16 5 4 -
35-39 7009 3 279 1048 2842 2261 509 51 11 5 -
40-44 6842 - 56 277 1094 2617 2472 247 60 16 3
45-49 3441 - 10 58 169 543 1662 808 156 28 7
50-54 2842 - 5 15 69 171 703 966 728 150 35
55-59 1764 - 1 11 26 54 181 253 684 455 99
60 i peste / and over 1467 - 3 6 23 33 66 71 204 378 683

2012
Total 31324 116 2796 5691 6521 5679 5026 2290 1576 945 684
Sub / Under 20 1 1 - - - - - - - - -
20-24 630 46 427 124 28 5 - - - - -
25-29 3372 46 1270 1631 323 71 22 5 3 - 1
30-34 6430 15 813 2574 2414 504 84 25 1 - -
35-39 6525 8 232 1076 2610 2084 437 63 8 3 4
40-44 6003 - 41 220 897 2282 2237 256 50 16 4
45-49 3086 - 9 45 160 477 1468 743 155 27 2
50-54 2425 - 1 11 53 165 558 859 632 119 27
55-59 1593 - 1 6 20 58 168 281 566 406 87
60 i peste / and over 1259 - 2 4 16 33 52 58 161 374 559

2013
Total 28507 82 2206 5107 5673 5515 4395 2576 1370 910 673
Sub / Under 20 7 4 3 - - - - - - - -
20-24 457 41 289 99 20 6 1 1 - - -
25-29 2855 24 1069 1421 273 50 11 4 3 - -
30-34 5534 10 621 2289 2006 492 83 25 5 2 1
35-39 6101 2 178 1004 2367 2067 385 83 12 2 1
40-44 5183 - 35 216 766 2051 1759 310 40 6 -
45-49 3467 1 5 55 172 631 1497 947 122 29 8
50-54 2143 - 3 14 33 151 489 835 479 112 27
55-59 1504 - 2 7 24 41 133 306 551 374 66
60 i peste / and over 1256 - 1 2 12 26 37 65 158 385 570

2014
Total 27188 80 1796 5065 5277 5353 4034 2828 1272 861 622
Sub / Under 20 2 1 1 - - - - - - - -
20-24 361 28 249 68 10 2 3 1 - - -
25-29 2726 34 894 1482 242 58 10 5 - - 1
30-34 5029 14 449 2206 1827 435 77 18 1 1 1
35-39 6001 3 173 1001 2232 2073 414 93 6 6 -
40-44 4715 - 22 234 715 1873 1491 328 40 8 4
45-49 3782 - 5 44 190 686 1544 1173 115 16 9
50-54 1962 - - 20 37 150 354 816 473 93 19
55-59 1412 - 1 4 16 51 100 305 475 384 76
60 i peste / and over 1198 - 2 6 8 25 41 89 162 353 512

2015
Total 31527 64 1635 5751 6178 6267 4855 3529 1513 941 794
Sub / Under 20 5 4 1 - - - - - - - -
20-24 332 23 213 86 5 4 1 - - - -
25-29 2952 29 841 1642 356 62 15 2 2 2 1
30-34 5489 5 422 2429 2067 447 95 14 6 3 1
35-39 6850 2 121 1223 2544 2384 464 91 15 3 3
40-44 5778 1 24 279 925 2313 1798 397 31 8 2
45-49 4706 - 8 64 211 839 1868 1535 145 26 10
50-54 2257 - 4 17 45 129 421 973 550 94 24
55-59 1659 - 1 2 10 60 139 387 570 394 96
60 i peste / and over 1499 - - 9 15 29 54 130 194 411 657

97
Divorurile dup numrul copiilor minori rmai prin desfacerea cstoriei
2.24 Divorces by number of under age children remained through marriage dissolution
persoane / persons
Cu 5 copii
Fr copii Cu Cu Cu Cu i peste
Anii Total Without 1 copil 2 copii 3 copii 4 copii With 5
Years children With 1 With 2 With 3 With 4 children
child children children children and over

2010 32632 16922 11299 3727 496 123 65


2011 35780 19626 11591 3865 500 129 69
2012 31324 17322 9895 3484 445 114 64
2013 28507 15913 8872 3206 384 91 41
2014 27188 16035 7809 2866 347 83 48
2015 31527 18106 9183 3628 418 130 62

Migraia intern determinat de schimbarea domiciliului, pe medii de reziden


i sexe
Internal migration determined by permanent residence changing,
2.25 by residence areas and sex
persoane / persons
Sosii / In-migrants Plecai / Out-migrants

Anii Total n urban n rural Total Din urban Din rural


Years In urban area In rural area From urban area From rural area

Total
2010 458995 236502 222493 458995 273353 185642
2011 324626 164019 160607 324626 194248 130378
2012 372197 181194 191003 372197 225107 147090
2013 350556 182393 168163 350556 211080 139476
2014 371677 189956 181721 371677 222203 149474
2015 361083 183170 177913 361083 211939 149144

Masculin / Male

2010 206919 105139 101780 206919 128979 77940


2011 146080 72246 73834 146080 91758 54322
2012 169397 80048 89349 169397 107546 61851
2013 157444 80758 76686 157444 99011 58433
2014 167201 83826 83375 167201 104599 62602
2015 159388 79679 79709 159388 98533 60855

Feminin / Female

2010 252076 131363 120713 252076 144374 107702


2011 178546 91773 86773 178546 102490 76056
2012 202800 101146 101654 202800 117561 85239
2013 193112 101635 91477 193112 112069 81043
2014 204476 106130 98346 204476 117604 86872
2015 201695 103491 98204 201695 113406 88289

98
Migraia intern determinat de schimbarea domiciliului,
pe grupe de vrst i medii de reziden
Internal migration determined by permanent residence changing,
2.26 by age group and residence areas
persoane / persons
Sosii / In-migrants Plecai / Out-migrants

Grupa de vrst (ani) Total n urban n rural Total Din urban Din rural
Age group (years) In urban area In rural area From urban area From rural area

2010
Total 458995 236502 222493 458995 273353 185642
pn la / until 15 92863 40674 52189 92863 46342 46521
15-19 33694 15018 18676 33694 14730 18964
20-24 69711 38630 31081 69711 36159 33552
25-29 65961 41835 24126 65961 42406 23555
30-34 57466 34091 23375 57466 36681 20785
35-39 35302 18985 16317 35302 22485 12817
40-44 27992 14113 13879 27992 18813 9179
45-49 15770 6945 8825 15770 11400 4370
50-54 18217 7467 10750 18217 14028 4189
55-59 15960 6537 9423 15960 12528 3432
60 i peste / and over 26059 12207 13852 26059 17781 8278

2011
Total 324626 164019 160607 324626 194248 130378
pn la / until 15 67399 28862 38537 67399 34262 33137
15-19 22727 10029 12698 22727 10050 12677
20-24 48212 26082 22130 48212 24450 23762
25-29 45897 28399 17498 45897 29029 16868
30-34 39913 23242 16671 39913 25873 14040
35-39 25346 13505 11841 25346 16351 8995
40-44 21422 10817 10605 21422 14452 6970
45-49 10846 4735 6111 10846 7828 3018
50-54 12503 5132 7371 12503 9532 2971
55-59 11474 4487 6987 11474 9099 2375
60 i peste / and over 18887 8729 10158 18887 13322 5565

2012
Total 372197 181194 191003 372197 225107 147090
pn la / until 15 74912 32579 42333 74912 39078 35834
15-19 23463 10156 13307 23463 10343 13120
20-24 49903 25735 24168 49903 24882 25021
25-29 54478 32373 22105 54478 33637 20841
30-34 46541 25930 20611 46541 30571 15970
35-39 30953 15926 15027 30953 20209 10744
40-44 25619 11990 13629 25619 17257 8362
45-49 13965 6051 7914 13965 9946 4019
50-54 14854 5690 9164 14854 11231 3623
55-59 14243 5133 9110 14243 11260 2983
60 i peste / and over 23266 9631 13635 23266 16693 6573

2013
Total 350556 182393 168163 350556 211080 139476
pn la / until 15 74164 33723 40441 74164 39382 34782
15-19 22121 10011 12110 22121 9709 12412
20-24 43464 23396 20068 43464 21263 22201
25-29 54685 33434 21251 54685 33729 20956
30-34 45365 26951 18414 45365 29547 15818
35-39 30195 16718 13477 30195 20206 9989
40-44 21622 10879 10743 21622 14279 7343
45-49 15005 7304 7701 15005 10636 4369
50-54 12342 5357 6985 12342 9204 3138
55-59 11962 5108 6854 11962 9277 2685
60 i peste / and over 19631 9512 10119 19631 13848 5783

99
Migraia intern determinat de schimbarea domiciliului,
pe grupe de vrst i medii de reziden - continuare
Internal migration determined by permanent residence changing,
2.26 by age group and residence areas - continued
persoane / persons
Sosii / In-migrants Plecai / Out-migrants
Grupa de vrst (ani) Total n urban n rural Total Din urban Din rural
Age group (years) In urban area In rural area From urban area From rural area

2014
Total 371677 189956 181721 371677 222203 149474
pn la / until 15 79765 35290 44475 79765 41973 37792
15-19 22680 10149 12531 22680 9765 12915
20-24 41675 21782 19893 41675 20071 21604
25-29 59294 35810 23484 59294 35819 23475
30-34 47589 27966 19623 47589 31021 16568
35-39 32168 17335 14833 32168 21354 10814
40-44 23161 11762 11399 23161 15120 8041
45-49 17686 8459 9227 17686 12392 5294
50-54 12566 5426 7140 12566 9254 3312
55-59 12947 5359 7588 12947 9893 3054
60 i peste / and over 22146 10618 11528 22146 15541 6605

2015
Total 361083 183170 177913 361083 211939 149144
pn la / until 15 81690 36451 45239 81690 43007 38683
15-19 22717 10095 12622 22717 9613 13104
20-24 35711 18147 17564 35711 15672 20039
25-29 57730 34581 23149 57730 33389 24341
30-34 42868 25299 17569 42868 27412 15456
35-39 32484 17697 14787 32484 21529 10955
40-44 22882 11561 11321 22882 14748 8134
45-49 18127 8604 9523 18127 12634 5493
50-54 11743 5017 6726 11743 8483 3260
55-59 11990 4900 7090 11990 9130 2860
60 i peste / and over 23141 10818 12323 23141 16322 6819

Structura fluxurilor migraiei interne urbane i rurale,


determinate de schimbarea domiciliului
Structure of urban and rural internal migration flows
2.27 determined by permanent residence changing

2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015

Numr persoane / Number of persons


Total 458995 324626 372197 350556 371677 361083 Total
Din rural n urban 96201 66784 74470 74023 78411 77878 From rural to urban
Din urban n urban 140301 97235 106724 108370 111545 105292 From urban to urban
Din rural n rural 89441 63594 72620 65453 71063 71266 From rural to rural
Din urban n rural 133052 97013 118383 102710 110658 106647 From urban to rural
Rate la 1000 locuitori / Rates per 1000 inhabitants
Total 20,4 14,5 16,6 15,7 16,7 16,2 Total
Din rural n urban 7,5 5,3 5,9 5,9 6,2 6,2 From rural to urban
Din urban n urban 11,0 7,7 8,4 8,6 8,9 8,4 From urban to urban
Din rural n rural 9,2 6,5 7,5 6,7 7,3 7,4 From rural to rural
Din urban n rural 13,7 10,0 12,2 10,6 11,4 11,0 From urban to rural

Not: Pentru perioada 2010-2015, ratele au fost calculate cu populaia dup domiciliu la 1 iulie a fiecrui an.
Note: For the 2010-2015 period, the rates were calculated based on the permanent resident population, on July 1st of each year.

100
Emigranii 1), pe sexe i grupe de vrst
2.28 Emigrants 1), by sex and age group
numr persoane / number of persons

2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 20152)

Total 197985 195551 170186 161755 172871 187466 Total


Masculin 85663 87389 70163 65303 87356 95434 Male
Feminin 112322 108162 100023 96452 85515 92032 Female

Pe grupe de vrst / By age group

Sub 15 ani 25473 27578 24423 22988 19284 24712 Under 15 years
15-19 ani 13474 12229 10249 10260 9503 11704 15-19 years
20-24 ani 39375 36538 29521 25965 23596 30773 20-24 years
25-29 ani 29057 30713 27395 26191 32327 32975 25-29 years
30-34 ani 23544 23527 18310 16322 22730 20809 30-34 years
35-39 ani 18422 18057 15136 14247 19274 17948 35-39 years
40-44 ani 17720 17423 15161 13138 13945 15096 40-44 years
45-49 ani 11116 9613 10216 11127 12089 13112 45-49 years
50-54 ani 9504 8928 8459 8116 7925 7923 50-54 years
55-59 ani 5535 5702 5940 6671 6324 6139 55-59 years
60 ani i peste 4765 5243 5376 6730 5874 6275 60 years and over

Not: Date estimate.


Note: Estimated data.
1) Persoane din Romnia care i-au schimbat reedina obinuit n strintate n cursul anului de referin.
Persons from Romania who changed their usual residence abroad during the reference year.
2) Date provizorii. / Provisional data.

Emigranii 1), dup ara de destinaie


2.29 Emigrants 1), by country of destination
numr persoane / number of persons

2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 20152)

Total 197985 195551 170186 161755 172871 187466 Total

Dup ara de destinaie / By country of destination

Austria 3369 3089 2991 7883 8000 8000 Austria


Belgia 4046 5214 7155 9740 7759 11000 Belgium
Canada 858 967 846 954 688 1184 Canada
Danemarca 2026 2691 3550 3254 3500 4200 Denmark
Frana 2005 2360 2736 2765 2800 2500 France
Germania 24178 19714 21950 22184 23715 25000 Germany
Israel 1062 1457 2292 2506 22 43 Israel
Italia 91252 90136 80078 59347 48918 39000 Italy
Marea Britanie 7088 8228 8568 17250 34000 53000 United Kingdom
Norvegia 1242 1230 1437 1762 2296 1800 Norway
Olanda 1077 590 699 1772 1567 2800 Netherlands
Spania 51823 50748 27244 22434 29531 27736 Spain
Statele Unite ale Americii 1086 1350 1073 819 536 802 United States of America
Suedia 1671 1828 2002 1643 1800 2000 Sweden
Alte ri 5202 5949 7565 7442 7739 8401 Other countries

Not: Date estimate.


Note: Estimated data.
1) Persoane din Romnia care i-au schimbat reedina obinuit n strintate n cursul anului de referin.
Persons from Romania who changed their usual residence abroad during the reference year.
2) Date provizorii. / Provisional data.

101
Imigranii 1), pe sexe i grupe de vrst
2.30 Immigrants 1), by sex and age group
numr persoane / number of persons

2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 20152)

Total 149885 147685 167266 153646 136035 129534 Total


Masculin 85486 83931 94047 84790 70841 69454 Male
Feminin 64399 63754 73219 68856 65194 60080 Female

Pe grupe de vrst / By age group

Sub 15 ani 18192 17247 19273 18202 13571 17997 Under 15 years
15-19 ani 5333 5572 6093 5801 7902 4594 15-19 years
20-24 ani 21058 21102 20629 16782 20338 11364 20-24 years
25-29 ani 23712 24577 29381 26184 25143 20459 25-29 years
30-34 ani 22453 21303 24952 23810 18367 18304 30-34 years
35-39 ani 17230 16398 18909 15851 13741 16868 35-39 years
40-44 ani 13997 13944 16612 14727 10567 12055 40-44 years
45-49 ani 8588 8243 9671 10532 8757 9587 45-49 years
50-54 ani 7767 7876 8890 8460 6697 6457 50-54 years
55-59 ani 5756 5465 6839 6622 5424 5927 55-59 years
60 ani i peste 5799 5958 6017 6675 5528 5922 60 years and over

Not: Date estimate.


Note: Estimated data.
1) Persoane cu cetenie strin, romn i fr cetenie care i-au stabilit reedina obinuit n Romnia n cursul anului de referin.
Persons with foreign, romanian and without citizenship who settled their usual residence in Romania during the reference year.
2) Date provizorii. / Provisional data.

Imigranii 1), dup ara de provenien


2.31 Immigrants 1), by country of previous usual residence
numr persoane / number of persons

2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 20152)

Total 149885 147685 167266 153646 136035 129534 Total

Dup ara de provenien / By country of previous usual residence

Austria 5138 2780 2499 1500 1977 1850 Austria


Belgia 989 1041 1395 1264 2500 2715 Belgium
Canada 230 224 132 114 207 340 Canada
China 642 638 470 325 304 314 China
Cipru 1203 2007 2689 1300 1400 1165 Cyprus
Franta 1389 1998 2170 2154 2200 1850 France
Germania 21838 14913 14500 14390 14000 15000 Germany
Grecia 1605 2086 2795 2500 2800 2750 Greece
Irlanda 713 1071 1435 1302 785 800 Ireland
Israel 108 260 64 107 124 547 Israel
Italia 25428 32438 34194 25462 14000 15000 Italy
Marea Britanie 3800 6239 6343 3100 3700 6000 United Kingdom
Republica Moldova 24977 25100 22530 22764 20193 20365 Moldova, Republic of
Spania 49426 42505 63879 67164 53242 38000 Spain
Statele Unite ale Americii 434 479 298 258 403 790 United States of America
Suedia 662 709 720 410 419 400 Sweden
Ungaria 588 496 665 660 700 600 Hungary
Alte ri 10715 12701 10488 8872 17081 21048 Other countries

Not: Date estimate.


Note: Estimated data.
1) Persoane cu cetenie strin, romn i fr cetenie care i-au stabilit reedina obinuit n Romnia n cursul anului de referin.
Persons with foreign, romanian and without citizenship who settled their usual residence in Romania during the reference year.
2) Date provizorii. / Provisional data.

102
Migraia internaional determinat de schimbarea reedinei obinuite, pe sexe
2.32 International migration determined by change of usual residence, by sex
numr persoane / number of persons
Imigrani 1) Emigrani 2) Soldul migraiei internaionale
Anii Immigrants 1) Emigrants 2) Net international migration
Years Total Masculin Feminin Total Masculin Feminin Total Masculin Feminin
Male Female Male Female Male Female

2010 149885 85486 64399 197985 85663 112322 -48100 -177 -47923
2011 147685 83931 63754 195551 87389 108162 -47866 -3458 -44408
2012 167266 94047 73219 170186 70163 100023 -2920 23884 -26804
2013 153646 84790 68856 161755 65303 96452 -8109 19487 -27596
2014 136035 70841 65194 172871 87356 85515 -36836 -16515 -20321
3)
2015 129534 69454 60080 187466 95434 92032 -57932 -25980 -31952

Not: Date estimate.


Note: Estimated data.
1) Persoane cu cetenie strin, romn i fr cetenie care i-au stabilit reedina obinuit n Romnia n cursul anului de referin.
Persons with foreign, romanian and without citizenship who settled their usual residence in Romania during the reference year.
2) Persoane din Romnia care i-au schimbat reedina obinuit n strintate n cursul anului de referin.
Persons from Romania who changed their usual residence abroad during the reference year.
3) Date provizorii. / Provisional data.

103
PIAA FOREI DE MUNC

LABOUR MARKET
3
CUPRINS TABELE Pagina TABLES CONTENTS
Page

FORA DE MUNC LABOUR FORCE

3.1 Populaia dup participarea la activitatea economic, Population by participation in economic activity,
pe sexe i medii ........................................................ 120 by sex and area
3.2 Ratele de activitate, ocupare i omaj, Activity, employment and unemployment rates,
dup nivelul de educaie, pe sexe i medii ................ 121 by educational level, sex and area
3.3 Structura populaiei ocupate, pe activiti ale Employment structure, by activity of
economiei naionale i pe grupe de vrst, national economy and by age group,
n anul 2015 .............................................................. 122 in 2015
3.4 Structura populaiei ocupate, pe activiti ale Employment structure, by activity of national
economiei naionale i dup statutul profesional, economy and by status in employment,
n anul 2015 .............................................................. 124 in 2015
3.5 Structura populaiei, dup participarea Population structure, by participation
la activitatea economic, pe grupe de vrst, in economic activity, by age group,
sexe i medii, n anul 2015 ....................................... 126 sex and area, in 2015
3.6 Structura populaiei ocupate, dup nivelul Employment structure, by educational
de educaie, pe grupe de vrst, level, by age group, sex and area,
sexe i medii, n anul 2015 ....................................... 127 in 2015
3.7 Structura populaiei ocupate, pe grupe de ocupaii, Employment structure, by occupation group,
grupe de vrst, sexe i medii, n anul 2015 ............ 128 age group, sex and area, in 2015
3.8 Structura populaiei ocupate, dup statutul Employment structure, by status in
profesional, pe grupe de vrst, sexe i medii, employment, by age group, sex and area,
n anul 2015 .............................................................. 132 in 2015
3.9 Populaia ocupat civil, pe activiti ale economiei Civil employment, by activity of national
naionale ................................................................... 133 economy
3.10 Populaia ocupat civil, pe activiti ale economiei Civil employment, by activity of national
naionale i pe forme de proprietate, n anul 2015 ....... 134 economy and by type of ownership, in 2015
3.11 Numrul mediu al salariailor, pe activiti Average number of employees,
ale economiei naionale, pe sexe i by activity of national economy,
pe forme de proprietate ............................................ 135 by sex and by ownership type
3.12 Numrul mediu al salariailor, pe forme Average number of employees,
de proprietate, clase de mrime ale by ownership type, enterprises size class
ntreprinderilor i pe sexe ......................................... 138 and by sex
3.13 Numrul mediu al salariailor, pe activiti ale Average number of employees, by activity of
industriei, pe sexe i pe forme de proprietate ........... 138 industry, by sex and by ownership type
3.14 Salariaii, pe activiti ale economiei naionale Employees, by activity of national economy
i pe sexe, la 31 decembrie 2015 ............................. 143 and by sex, on December 31, 2015
3.15 Salariaii, pe activiti ale industriei i pe sexe, Employees, by activity of industry and by sex,
la 31 decembrie 2015 ............................................... 144 on December 31, 2015
3.16 omerii nregistrai i rata omajului ........................ 146 Registered unemployed and unemployment rate
3.17 Persoanele cuprinse n cursuri de Persons who attend vocational
formare profesional ................................................. 146 training courses
3.18 omerii nregistrai, dup nivelul Registered unemployed, by educational
de educaie i pe grupe de vrst, level and by age group,
la 31 decembrie 2015 ............................................... 148 on December 31, 2015
3.19 omerii nregistrai, beneficiari de indemnizaii Registered unemployed, receiving unemployment
de omaj, pe grupe de vrst i dup durata indemnities, by age group and by unemployment
omajului, la 31 decembrie 2015 .............................. 148 duration, on December 31, 2015
3.20 omajul de lung durat, pe sexe i medii ............... 150 Long term unemployed, by sex and area

106
Pagina
Page

CONDIII DE MUNC WORKING CONDITIONS

3.21 Numrul accidentailor n munc, pe activiti ale Number of injured at work, by activity of
economiei naionale, n anul 2015 ............................ 151 national economy, in 2015
3.22 Conflictele de interese i frecvena lor lunar .......... 156 Conflicts of interest and their monthly frequency
3.23 Conflictele de interese, pe activiti ale Conflicts of interest, by activity of
economiei naionale .................................................. 156 national economy
3.24 Numrul locurilor de munc vacante, Number of vacancies, by activity
pe activiti ale economiei naionale ......................... 162 of national economy
3.25 Rata locurilor de munc vacante, Rate of vacancies, by activity of
pe activiti ale economiei naionale ......................... 163 national economy
3.26 Numrul locurilor de munc vacante, Number of vacancies, by
pe grupe majore de ocupaii ..................................... 164 major occupation groups
3.27 Rata locurilor de munc vacante, Rate of vacancies,
pe grupe majore de ocupaii ..................................... 164 by major occupation groups

Teritorial Territorial

3.28 Populaia dup participarea la activitatea Population by participation in economic activity,


economic, n profil teritorial, pe sexe i medii ................ at territorial level, by sex and area
3.29 Ratele de activitate, ocupare i omaj, Activity, employment and unemployment rates, at
n profil teritorial, dup nivelul de educaie, territorial level, by educational level,
pe sexe i medii, n anul 2015 ......................................... by sex and area, in 2015
3.30 Structura populaiei, dup participarea la activitatea Population structure, by participation in economic
economic, n profil teritorial, pe grupe de vrst, activity, at territorial level, by age group,
sexe i medii, n anul 2015 .............................................. sex and area, in 2015
3.31 Structura populaiei ocupate, n profil teritorial, Employment structure, at territorial level,
dup nivelul de educaie, pe grupe de vrst, by educational level, by age group,
sexe i medii, n anul 2015 .............................................. sex and area, in 2015
3.32 Structura populaiei ocupate, n profil teritorial, Employment structure, at territorial level,
dup statutul profesional, pe grupe de vrst, by status in employment, by age group,
sexe i medii, n anul 2015 .............................................. sex and area, in 2015
3.33 Structura populaiei ocupate, n profil teritorial, Employment structure, at territorial level,
pe activiti ale economiei naionale i by activity of national economy and
pe grupe de vrst, n anul 2015 ..................................... by age group, in 2015
3.34 Populaia ocupat civil, n profil teritorial i Civil employment, at territorial level and
pe activiti ale economiei naionale, by activity of national economy,
n anul 2015 ..................................................................... in 2015
3.35 Numrul mediu al salariailor, n profil teritorial ................ Average number of employees, at territorial level
3.36 Numrul mediu al salariailor, n profil teritorial Average number of employees, at territorial level
i pe sexe ......................................................................... and by sex
3.37 Numrul mediu al salariailor, n profil teritorial Average number of employees, at territorial level
i pe activiti ale economiei naionale, and by activity of national economy,
n anul 2015 ..................................................................... in 2015
3.38 omerii nregistrai i rata omajului, Registered unemployed and unemployment rate,
n profil teritorial, la 31 decembrie 2015 ........................... at territorial level, on December 31, 2015
3.39 omerii nregistrai, n profil teritorial, Registered unemployed, at territorial level,
pe categorii de personal i nivel de educaie, by category of personnel and educational level,
la 31 decembrie 2015 ....................................................... on December 31, 2015
3.40 omajul de lung durat, n profil teritorial, Long term unemployed, at territorial level,
pe sexe i medii ................................................................ by sex and area

107
3.41 Numrul locurilor de munc vacante, Number of vacancies, by activity
pe activiti ale economiei naionale, of national economy, at territorial level,
n profil teritorial, n anul 2015 .......................................... in 2015
3.42 Rata locurilor de munc vacante, pe activiti Rate of vacancies, by activity of national
ale economiei naionale, n profil teritorial, economy, at territorial level,
n anul 2015 ...................................................................... in 2015
3.43 Numrul locurilor de munc vacante, Number of vacancies, by major
pe grupe majore de ocupaii, n profil occupation groups, at territorial level,
teritorial, n anul 2015 ....................................................... in 2015
3.44 Rata locurilor de munc vacante, pe grupe majore Rate of vacancies, by major occupation groups,
de ocupaii, n profil teritorial, n anul 2015 ..................... at territorial level, in 2015
3.45 Numrul accidentailor n munc, n profil teritorial, Number of injured at work, at territorial level,
n anul 2015 ..................................................................... in 2015
3.46 Conflictele de interese, n profil teritorial, Conflicts of interest,
n anul 2015 ..................................................................... at territorial level, in 2015

SURSA DATELOR DATA SOURCE

Cercetri statistice: Statistical surveys:


 Cercetarea statistic asupra forei de munc n  Household labour force statistical survey, for data
gospodrii, pentru datele privind populaia ocupat on employment and unemployment (according to
i omajul (conform Regulamentului nr. 577/1998 al the Regulation No 577/1998 of the Council regarding
Consiliului privind organizarea unei anchete prin the organization of a labour force sample survey in
sondaj asupra forei de munc din Comunitate, cu EC, with further amendments);
modificrile ulterioare);
 Cercetarea statistic privind costul forei de munc n  Labour cost survey carried out in economic and
unitile economico-sociale, pentru datele referitoare social units, for data regarding the number of
la numrul salariailor (conform Regulamentului employees (according to the Regulation of the
Consiliului i Parlamentului European nr. 530/1999 European Parliament and of the Council
privind statisticile structurii ctigurilor salariale i No 530/1999 regarding statistics of earnings and
costului forei de munc); labour cost structures);
 Cercetarea statistic trimestrial asupra locurilor de  Quarterly job vacancy survey, for data related to rate
munc vacante, pentru datele referitoare la rata locurilor of vacancies (according to the Regulation of the
de munc vacante (conform Regulamentului Consiliului European Parliament and of the Council
i Parlamentului European nr. 453/2008 privind No 453/2008 regarding statistics of vacancies);
statisticile referitoare la locurile de munc vacante);
 Balana forei de munc, pentru datele privind  Labour force balance, for data on civil employment
populaia ocupat civil pe activiti ale economiei by activity of national economy, by type of ownership
naionale, pe forme de proprietate i pe judee. and by county.

Surse administrative: Administrative sources:


 Agenia Naional pentru Ocuparea Forei de  National Agency for Employment, for data on the
Munc, pentru datele privind omajul nregistrat i number of registered unemployment and the number
numrul persoanelor cuprinse n cursuri de calificare of persons who attend qualification and
i recalificare; requalification courses;
 Ministerul Muncii, Familiei, Proteciei Sociale i  Ministry of Labour, Family, Social Protection and
Persoanelor Vrstnice, pentru datele privind Elderly Persons, for data on working conditions.
condiiile de munc.

108
PRECIZRI METODOLOGICE METHODOLOGICAL NOTES

FORA DE MUNC LABOUR FORCE

Cercetarea statistic asupra forei de munc n Household Labour Force Survey (HLFS) is
gospodrii (AMIGO) este conceput ca o surs important conceived as an important source of inter-census
de informaii intercenzitare asupra forei de munc; ancheta information about labour force; the survey provides, in a
furnizeaz, ntr-o manier coerent, date eseniale asupra coherent way, essential data about main population
principalelor segmente de populaie (activ - ocupat i n segments (economically active - employed and
omaj - inactiv), cu numeroase posibiliti de corelare i unemployed - non-economically active), with numerous
structurare dup caracteristici demo - socio - economice possibilities of correlation and structuring by demo-socio-
diverse, n condiii de comparabilitate internaional. ncepnd economical features, under international comparability
cu anul 1996, ancheta forei de munc n gospodrii se conditions. Beginning with 1996, household labour force
realizeaz trimestrial, ca o cercetare continu, permind astfel survey is quarterly carried out, as a continuous survey,
obinerea de date conjuncturale asupra mrimii i structurii resulting in short-term data on the labour force size and
ofertei de for de munc i evidenierea fenomenelor cu structure and pointing out seasonal phenomena taking
caracter sezonier care se manifest pe piaa forei de munc. place on the labour market. Since 2015, the sample
Din anul 2015, volumul eantionului pe care se realizeaz volume is of 28512 dwellings/quarter. The yearly data are
ancheta este de 28512 locuine/trimestru. Datele anuale se calculated as quartely data arithmetic means.
calculeaz ca medii aritmetice ale datelor trimestriale.
Indicatorii de for de munc, prezentai n Anuar The labour force indicators presented in the Yearbook
pentru perioada 2010-2015, respectiv populaia activ, for the 2010-2015 period, respectively economically active
populaia ocupat, omerii, populaia inactiv, ratele de population, employment, unemployed, economically
activitate, ratele de ocupare i ratele omajului etc. au fost inactive population, activity rates, employment rates and
calculai n funcie de populaia rezident, conform unemployment rates a.s.o. are calculated according to the
conceptului de reedin obinuit i a pragului de cel puin usual resident population, according to the concept of usual
12 luni de prezen/absen pe teritoriul Romniei, residence and threshold of 12 months presence/absence at
recalculat n condiii de comparabilitate cu rezutatele least on the Romania's territory recalculated under the
finale ale Recensmntului Populaiei i al Locuinelor din conditions of comparability with the final results of
anul 2011. the Population and Housing Census of 2011.
Cercetarea statistic privind costul forei de munc Labour cost survey is a complex yearly statistical
este o cercetare statistic anual complex care furnizeaz survey which provides the necessary elements for the
elementele necesare efecturii unor analize privind evoluia analysis on the evolution of various components of labour
diferitelor componente ale costului forei de munc i cost and correlations among them, offering, as well, the
corelaiile dintre ele, oferind, totodat, elementele necesare necessary elements for the calculation of net and gross size,
calculului mrimii brute i nete, lunare i orare, a ctigului monthly and hourly, of the earnings structured by national
salarial structurat pe activiti ale economiei naionale, forme economy activity, ownership type, legal form, employees
de proprietate, forme juridice, categorii de salariai, sexe, category, sex, development region and county. It is achieved
regiuni de dezvoltare i judee. Se realizeaz pe un eantion on a sample of about 26500 economic and social operators,
de circa 26500 de operatori economici i sociali, aparinnd from all enterprise size classes, irrespective of employees
tuturor claselor de mrime a ntreprinderii, indiferent de number. Economic units with 50 employees and more are
numrul de salariai. Unitile economice cu 50 salariai i exhaustively surveyed. The units from the budgetary
peste sunt cuprinse exhaustiv n cercetare. Unitile din sector are exhaustively surveyed, except for local
sectorul bugetar sunt cuprinse exhaustiv n cercetare, government units for which the data on local communal
excepie fcnd unitile administraiei publice locale pentru councils are collected based on a representative sample
care datele la nivelul consiliilor locale comunale se at county level (about 770 units). There are excluded
colecteaz pe baz de eantion reprezentativ la nivel de armed forces and similar staff (Ministry of National Defence,
jude (cca.770 de uniti). Nu sunt cuprinse forele armate i Ministry of Internal Affairs, Romanian Intelligence Service
personalul asimilat (Ministerul Aprrii Naionale, Ministerul a.s.o.).
Afacerilor Interne, Serviciul Romn de Informaii etc.).
Cercetarea statistic asupra locurilor de munc vacante Job vacancy survey is a quarterly statistical
este o cercetare statistic selectiv trimestrial, avnd ca sample survey, having as reference period the quarter
perioad de referin luna de mijloc a trimestrului, care furnizeaz middle month; it provides the necessary elements for the
elementele necesare calculrii ratei trimestriale a locurilor de calculation of vacancies quarterly rate. It is carried out
munc vacante. Cercetarea statistic se realizeaz pe un on a sample of about 22800 enterprises / local units.
eantion de circa 22800 de ntreprinderi/uniti locale. Pentru As for the economic sector, units with 4 employees and

109
sectorul economic se includ n cercetare unitile cu more, accounting for 93.10% of total number of
4 salariai i peste, care reprezint 93,10% din numrul employees in this sector, are surveyed. The units from
total al salariailor din acest sector. Unitile din sectorul the budgetary sector are exhaustively surveyed, except
bugetar sunt cuprinse exhaustiv n cercetare, excepie for local government units for which the data on local
fcnd unitile administraiei publice locale pentru care communal councils are collected based on a
datele la nivelul consiliilor locale comunale se colecteaz representative sample at county level (about 770 units).
pe baz de eantion reprezentativ la nivel de jude (cca. There are excluded armed forces and similar staff
770 de uniti). Sunt excluse forele armate i personalul (Ministry of National Defence, Ministry of Internal Affairs,
asimilat (Ministerul Aprrii Naionale, Ministerul Afacerilor Romanian Intelligence Service a.s.o.).
Interne, Serviciul Romn de Informaii etc.).
Balana forei de munc este o lucrare care se Labour force balance is a paper drawn up based
realizeaz pe baza informaiilor din mai multe surse de date: on the information from several data sources:
statistica demografic; cercetarea statistic privind costul demographic statistics, labour cost survey; household
forei de munc; cercetarea statistic asupra forei de munc labour force survey (HLFS); administrative sources.
n gospodrii (AMIGO); surse administrative.
Populaia activ (persoanele active) - din punct de Economically active population (active persons)
vedere economic - cuprinde toate persoanele de 15 ani comprises all persons aged 15 years and over, providing
i peste, care furnizeaz fora de munc disponibil available labour force for the production of goods
pentru producia de bunuri i servicii; include populaia and services; it includes employed population and
ocupat i omerii. unemployed.
Populaia ocupat cuprinde, conform metodologiei Employment includes, according to the
Cercetrii statistice asupra forei de munc n methodology of Household labour force survey all
gospodrii, toate persoanele de 15 ani i peste, care au persons aged 15 years and over, who carried out an
desfurat o activitate economic productoare de economic activity producing goods or services of at least
1) 1)
bunuri sau servicii de cel puin o or n perioada de one hour during the reference period (one week) in
referin (o sptmn), n scopul obinerii unor venituri order to get income as salaries, payment in kind or other
sub form de salarii, plat n natur sau alte beneficii. benefits.
ncepnd din anul 2011, lucrtorii pe cont propriu i Since 2011, self employed and contributing family
lucrtorii familiali neremunerai care lucreaz n workers who work in agriculture are considered
agricultur sunt considerai persoane ocupate doar employed persons only if they own agricultural
dac sunt proprietarii produciei agricole (nu neaprat i production (not necessarily of land) obtained and fulfill
ai pmntului) obinute i ndeplinesc una dintre one of the main conditions:
urmtoarele condiii:
a) producia agricol este destinat, fie i mcar n a) agricultural production is meant at least partly to
parte, vnzrii sau schimbului n natur (troc); sale or change in kind;
b) producia agricol este destinat exclusiv b) agricultural production is meant exclusively to own
2)
consumului propriu dac aceasta reprezint o parte consumption if it represents a substantial part of
2)
substanial a consumului total al gospodriei. household total consumption.
Sunt excluse din populaia ocupat persoanele care: The following persons are excluded from employment:
3) 3)
desfoar activiti agricole minore , n scop de they carry out minor agricultural activities , for
recreere, hobby sau pentru a obine, suplimentar, recreation, hobby or to get, supplementary, food
produse alimentare fr ca acestea s constituie o products without being an important part of
parte important a consumului total al gospodriei; household total consumption;
desfoar activiti agricole (cu o durat de peste 10 they develop agricultural activities (over 10 hours per
ore/sptmn), producia agricol fiind destinat week), being exclusively meant for own
exclusiv consumului propriu, dar aceasta nereprezentnd consumption, but not representing a substantial part
o parte substanial a consumului total al gospodriei. of household total consumption.
n afara persoanelor care au un loc de munc i au lucrat Besides persons with a job and who worked during the
n cursul sptmnii de referin, indiferent de statutul reference week, no matter of professional status, there
profesional, se consider persoane ocupate i cele care are considered employed persons those who belong to
fac parte din urmtoarele categorii: the following categories:
1)
Cel puin 15 ore pentru lucrtorii pe cont propriu i lucrtorii familiali neremunerai din agricultur - anterior anului 2011.
At least 15 hours for self employed and agriculture contributing family workers - prior to 2011.
2)
Cel puin 50% din consumul total al gospodriei. / At least 50% of household total consumption.
3)
A cror durat n sptmna de referin nu depete 10 ore. / Whose duration in the reference week does not exceed 10 hours.

110
persoanele care n cursul sptmnii de referin au persons who during the reference week carried out
desfurat o munc oarecare, pltit sau a certain paid or bringing income work, even if they
aductoare de venit, chiar dac erau n curs de had compulsory school training, were retired or
pregtire colar obligatorie, erau la pensie sau benefited of pension, were registered at National
beneficiau de pensie, erau nscrise la Agenia Employment Agency (NEA) receiving or not
Naional pentru Ocuparea Forei de Munc unemployment benefit;
(ANOFM), primind sau nu indemnizaie de omaj;
ucenicii i stagiarii remunerai, care lucreaz cu remunerated apprentices and trainees, who work
program de lucru complet sau parial; with full or part time;
membrii forelor armate. members of armed forces.
Populaia ocupat civil cuprinde, potrivit Civil employment includes, according to the
metodologiei balanei forei de munc, toate persoanele methodology used for the labour force balance, all
care, n anul de referin, au desfurat o activitate persons who, during the reference year, carried out a
economico-social aductoare de venit, cu excepia socio-economic lucrative activity, excepting military staff
cadrelor militare i a persoanelor asimilate acestora and similar (Ministry of National Defence, Ministry of
(personalul din Ministerul Aprrii Naionale, Ministerul Internal Affairs, Romanian Intelligence Service staff),
Afacerilor Interne, Serviciul Romn de Informaii), a political and community organisations employees and
salariailor organizaiilor politice, obteti i a deinuilor. the convicts.
Resursele de munc precum i categoria The labour force resources, as well as the category
non-salariailor care fac parte din populaia ocupat of non-employees belonging to civil employment
civil au fost estimate pe baza populaiei rezidente la 1 have been estimated based on resident population on
ianuarie 2015. Datele pentru resursele de munc, January 1, 2015. The data on labour force resources,
populaia activ civil i populaia ocupat civil nu sunt civil economically active population and civil employment
comparabile cu anii anteriori. are not comparable to previous years.
omerii conform definiiei internaionale a Biroului Unemployed according to the international
Internaional al Muncii (BIM), sunt persoanele de definition of International Labour Office (ILO) criteria, are
15-74 ani, care n perioada de referin ndeplinesc persons aged 15-74 years who, during the reference
simultan urmtoarele condiii: period, simultaneously meet the following conditions:
nu au loc de munc i nu desfoar o activitate n have no job and are not carrying out any activity in
scopul obinerii unor venituri; order to get income;
sunt n cutarea unui loc de munc, utiliznd n are looking for a job, undertaking certain actions
ultimele patru sptmni diferite metode active during the last four weeks (registering at
pentru a-l gsi (nscrierea la agenii de ocupare a employment agencies, or private agencies for
forei de munc sau la agenii particulare de plasare, placement, attempts for starting an activity on own
aciuni pentru nceperea unei activiti pe cont account, publishing notices, asking for a job among
propriu, publicarea de anunuri, apel la prieteni, rude, friends, relatives, mates, trade unions a.s.o.);
colegi, sindicate etc.);
sunt disponibile s nceap lucrul n urmtoarele are available to start work within the next two weeks,
dou sptmni, dac s-ar gsi imediat un loc de munc. if they immediately find a job.
Rata de activitate reprezint raportul dintre Activity rate represents the ratio between active
populaia activ i populaia total n vrst de 15-64 ani, population and total population aged 15-64 years
exprimat procentual. expressed as percentage.
Rata de ocupare reprezint raportul dintre Employment rate represents the ratio between
populaia ocupat i populaia total n vrst de employed population and total population aged
15-64 ani, exprimat procentual. 15-64 years expressed as percentage.
Rata omajului reprezint raportul dintre numrul Unemployment rate represents the ratio between
omerilor i populaia activ, exprimat procentual. the number of unemployed and active population
expressed as percentage.
Rata omajului de lung durat reprezint Long term unemployment rate represents the
ponderea omerilor aflai n omaj de 12 luni i peste n weight of unemployed for 12 months and over in active
populaia activ. population.
Rata omajului de lung durat pentru tineri Long term unemployment rate for young people
(15-24 ani) reprezint ponderea omerilor tineri aflai n (aged 15-24 years) represents the weight of young
omaj de 6 luni i peste n populaia activ tnr. unemployed for 6 months and over in young active
population.

111
Incidena omajului de lung durat reprezint Incidence of long term unemployment represents
ponderea omerilor aflai n omaj de 12 luni i peste n the weight of unemployed for 12 months and over in total
total omeri. unemployed.
Incidena omajului de lung durat pentru tineri Incidence of long term unemployment for young
(15-24 ani) reprezint ponderea omerilor tineri aflai n people (aged 15-24 years) represents the weight of
omaj de 6 luni i peste n total omeri tineri. young unemployed for six months and over in total young
unemployed.
Statutul profesional reprezint situaia unei Status in employment represents the situation of
persoane ocupate, n funcie de modul de obinere a an employed person, depending on the way of achieving
veniturilor prin exercitarea unei activiti i anume: income from his activity, namely:
salariat, persoana care-i exercit activitatea pe employee, a person who carries out his activity
baza unui contract de munc ntr-o unitate based on an employment contract into an economic
economic sau social - indiferent de forma ei de or social unit - no matter of its ownership type - or for
proprietate - sau la persoane particulare, n private persons, for a remuneration as salary, in
schimbul unei remuneraii sub form de salariu, cash or in kind, as commission a.s.o.;
pltit n bani sau natur, sub form de comision etc.;
patron, persoana care-i exercit ocupaia (meseria) employer, a person who carries out his occupation
n propria sa unitate (ntreprindere, agenie, atelier, (trade) in his own unit (enterprise, agency,
magazin, birou, ferm etc.), pentru a crei activitate workshop, shop, office, farm a.s.o.) for whose activity
are angajai unul sau mai muli salariai; he has one or several employees;
lucrtor pe cont propriu, persoana care-i exercit self-employed, a person who carries out his activity
activitatea n unitatea proprie sau ntr-o afacere in his own unit or in an individual business, without
individual, fr a angaja nici un salariat, fiind ajutat, hiring any employee, being helped, or not, by
sau nu, de membrii familiei, neremunerai; contributing family workers;
lucrtor familial neremunerat, persoana care-i contributing family worker, a person who carries
exercit activitatea ntr-o unitate economic familial out his activity into a family economic unit, run by a
condus de un membru al familiei sau o rud, pentru member of the family or a relative, for which he gets
care nu primete remuneraie sub form de salariu no remuneration as salary or payment in kind;
sau plat n natur; gospodria rneasc peasant (agricultural) household is considered such
(agricol) este considerat o astfel de unitate; a unit;
membru al unei societi agricole sau al unei member of an agricultural holding or of a
cooperative neagricole, persoana care a lucrat fie non-agricultural co-operative, a person who
ca proprietar de teren agricol ntr-o societate worked either as owner of agricultural land into an
agricol constituit conform legii, fie ca membru al agricultural holding set up according to legal
unei cooperative meteugreti, de consum sau de provisions, or as a member of a craftsmen,
credit. consumption or credit co-operative.
Numrul mediu al salariailor reprezint o medie Average number of employees represents a
aritmetic simpl rezultat din suma efectivelor zilnice simple arithmetic mean resulted from the sum of daily
ale salariailor, inclusiv din zilele de repaus sptmnal, employees number, including from the weekly rest days,
srbtori legale i alte zile nelucrtoare mprit la legal holidays and other non-working days divided to the
numrul total al zilelor calendaristice (365 zile). n total calendar days of the year (365 days). In daily
efectivul zilnic al salariailor luat n calculul numrului number of employees taken into calculation for average
mediu, nu se cuprind: salariaii aflai n concedii fr number, there are not included: employees under
plat, n grev, detaai la lucru n strintate. n zilele de unpaid leave, on strike, detached to work abroad. In
repaus sptmnal, srbtori legale i alte zile weekends, legal holidays, other days off it is taken into
nelucrtoare se ia n calcul ca efectiv zilnic numrul calculation as daily number the number of employees
salariailor din ziua precedent, mai puin cei al cror from previous day, less that of those whose labour
contract/raport a ncetat n aceast zi. Salariaii care nu contract ceased the same day. Employees who were not
au fost angajai cu norm ntreag s-au inclus n numrul employed in full time are included in average number of
mediu proporional cu timpul de lucru prevzut n employees, proportionally with the working time from the
contractul de munc. n efectivul de salariai luat n labour contract. Only persons paid are included in the
calculul numrului mediu se includ numai persoanele number of employees taken into the calculation of
care au fost pltite. average number.
ncepnd cu anul 2003 din efectivele zilnice luate n Beginning with 2003 out of the daily total number
calculul numrului mediu au fost exclui salariaii al taken into account when computing the average number

112
cror contract de munc/raport de serviciu a fost excluded the employees whose labour
suspendat, conform Legii nr.53/2003 (republicat) Codul contract/agreement was suspended according to the
muncii, art. 49-54, privind Suspendarea contractului Law No 53/2003 (republished) - Labour Code,
individual de munc i Legii nr.161/2003 (cu completrile art. 49-54, regarding the Suspension of the individual
i modificrile ulterioare) referitor la suspendarea labour contract and the Law No 161/2003 (with
raportului de serviciu (exemple: concediu de maternitate, subsequent amendments) regarding suspension of the
concediu pentru incapacitate temporar de munc, work agreement (examples: maternity leave, temporarily
exercitarea unei funcii n cadrul unei autoriti executive, labour disability leave, exercising a function within an
legislative ori judectoreti pe toat durata mandatului executive, legislative or judiciary authority during
.a.m.d.). duration of the mandate a.s.o.).
Numrul salariailor la 31 decembrie (efectivul Number of employees on December 31 (number
salariailor) reprezint numrul de salariai angajai cu of employees) represents the number of employees
contract individual de munc pe durat determinat sau employed with individual labour contract with definite or
nedeterminat, n program complet sau parial (inclusiv cei non-definite duration, with full or part-time (including
cu contract de munc/raport de serviciu suspendat) those with suspended labour contract/agreement)
existeni n evidenele ntreprinderii la sfritul anului. Nu existent in the enterprise records at the end of the year.
sunt cuprini salariaii detaai la lucru n strintate i cei The employees detached abroad and those who hold
care cumuleaz mai multe funcii i nu au funcia de baz more than one position and are not having the main
la unitatea raportoare. position at the reporting unit are not included.
Repartizarea salariailor pe activiti ale economiei The breakdown of employees by activity of the
naionale s-a realizat dup activitatea omogen a national economy was carried out according to
ntreprinderii, iar pe judee n funcie de localitatea n care homogeneous activity of the enterprise and by county
acetia i desfoar activitatea. according to the locality where they work.
omerii nregistrai reprezint persoanele care Registered unemployed represent persons who
ndeplinesc cumulativ condiiile prevzute de fulfill the cumulative conditions stipulated by the
Legea nr. 76/2002 privind sistemul asigurrilor pentru omaj Law No 76/2002 regarding the system of unemployment
i stimularea ocuprii forei de munc i care se nregistreaz insurance and employment incentives and who register
la agenia pentru ocuparea forei de munc n a crei raz to the employment agency in the territorial zone they
teritorial i au domiciliul sau, dup caz, reedina, ori alt have domicile or, by case, residence, or to another
furnizor de servicii de ocupare, care funcioneaz n condiiile provider of employment services, functioning according
prevzute de lege, n vederea obinerii unui loc de munc. to the law, in order to get a job.
Conform legislaiei n vigoare, calitatea de omer o According to the legislation in force, unemployed
are persoana care ndeplinete cumulativ urmtoarele position is held by person who fulfills the following
condiii: cumulative conditions:
a) este n cutarea unui loc de munc de la vrsta de a) he/she is looking for a job from 16 years old at
minimum 16 ani i pn la ndeplinirea condiiilor de pensionare; least to pension age;
b) starea de sntate i capacitile fizice i psihice o b) his/her health, his/her physical and psychical
fac apt pentru prestarea unei munci; capacities make him able to work;
c) nu are loc de munc, nu realizeaz venituri sau c) he/she has no job, he/she gets no income or, from
realizeaz din activiti autorizate potrivit legii, venituri mai legal activities, he/she gets an income lower than the
mici dect valoarea indicatorului social de referin al value of reference social indicator of unemployment
asigurrilor pentru omaj i stimulrii ocuprii forei de insurance and stimulation of employment in force;
munc, n vigoare;
Indicatorul social de referin al asigurrilor pentru Social reference indicator of insurance
omaj i stimulrii ocuprii forei de munc, denumit n unemployment and stimulation of employment, further
continuare indicator social de referin, reprezint unitatea called social reference indicator represents the unit
exprimat n lei la nivelul creia se raporteaz prestaiile expressed in lei at the level of which there are reported
bneti, suportate din bugetul asigurrilor pentru omaj, money provisions, supported from unemployment
acordate att n vederea asigurrii proteciei persoanelor n insurance budget, granted both to ensure persons
cadrul sistemului asigurrilor pentru omaj, ct i n vederea protection within unemployment insurance system and to
stimulrii anumitor categorii de persoane pentru a se ncadra stimulate certain categories of persons to get a job, as
n munc, precum i a angajatorilor pentru a ncadra n well as employers in view to employ persons looking for
munc persoane n cutarea unui loc de munc. ncepnd a job. Beginning with 2011, the social indicator value is
cu anul 2011 valoarea indicatorului social este de 500 lei; lei 500;
d) este disponibil s nceap lucrul n perioada d) he/she is available to start work in the next period
imediat urmtoare dac s-ar gsi un loc de munc. if he/she finds a job.

113
Asimilai omerilor sunt persoanele n cutarea Unemployed assimilated are persons looking for a
unui loc de munc i care nu au putut ocupa loc de job who could not occupy a job after graduation of
munc dup absolvirea unei instituii de nvmnt i education institution fulfilling the following conditions:
care ndeplinesc urmtoarele condiii:
sunt absolveni ai instituiilor de nvmnt, n graduates of an education institution, aged minimum
vrst de minimum 16 ani, care ntr-o perioad de 16 years, who during 60 days period since
60 de zile de la absolvire nu au reuit s se graduation did not succeed to be employed
ncadreze n munc potrivit pregtirii profesionale; according to vocational training;
sunt absolveni ai colilor speciale pentru graduates of special schools for disabled persons
persoanele cu dizabiliti n vrst de minim 16 ani aged minimum 16 years, who did not succeed to be
care nu au reuit s se ncadreze n munc potrivit employed according to their vocational training.
pregtirii profesionale.
Rata omajului nregistrat reprezint raportul Registered unemployment rate represents the ratio
dintre numrul omerilor (nregistrai la ageniile pentru between the number of unemployed (registered at the
ocuparea forei de munc) i populaia activ civil agencies for employment) and civil economically active
(omeri + populaie ocupat civil, definit conform population (unemployed + civil employment, defined
metodologiei balanei forei de munc). according to the methodology of labour force balance).

Locuri de munc vacante Job vacancies

Rata locurilor de munc vacante reprezint Vacancies rate represents the ratio between the
raportul dintre numrul locurilor de munc vacante i numbers of vacancies and total number of jobs
numrul total al locurilor de munc (ocupate i vacante, (occupied and vacant, excluding the blocked ones or
exclusiv cele blocate sau destinate numai promovrii meant for promotion inside the enterprise or
n interiorul ntreprinderii sau instituiei), exprimat institution), expressed as percentage.
procentual.
Datele medii anuale privind numrul locurilor de Yearly average data on the number of vacancies and
munc vacante i numrul total de locuri de munc se total number of jobs are calculated as simple arithmetic
calculeaz ca medii aritmetice simple ale datelor means of quarterly data corresponding to each of the
trimestriale corespunztoare fiecruia dintre cei doi two indicators.
indicatori.
Numrul locurilor de munc vacante include Number of vacancies includes the number of paid,
numrul posturilor pltite, nou create, neocupate, sau newly created jobs, unoccupied or becoming vacancies,
care vor deveni vacante, pentru care: for which:
angajatorul ntreprinde aciuni concrete spre a gsi employer takes concrete actions to find an adequate
un candidat potrivit pentru ocuparea postului candidate for that job (examples of concrete actions
respectiv (exemple de aciuni concrete ntreprise de taken by employer: announce of vacancy existence
angajator: anunarea existenei locului vacant prin through employment services, advertising in the
serviciile de ocupare a forei de munc, publicitate newspapers, mass media, internet, direct contact
prin ziare, media, Internet, contactare direct a with possible candidates a.s.o.);
posibililor candidai etc.);
angajatorul dorete ocuparea imediat sau ntr-o employer whishes to occupy at once or in specific
perioad specific de timp, stabilit de angajator. period of time, set by employer. Specific time period
Perioada specific de timp se refer la perioada refers to the needed maximum period of vacant job
maxim necesar ocuprii locului de munc vacant. occupation.
Sunt considerate locuri de munc vacante posturile There are considered vacancies those jobs for
destinate persoanelor din afara ntreprinderii (dar pe persons outside the enterprise (for which can also
care pot concura i persoane din interiorul compete those from inside the enterprise) no matter if
ntreprinderii), indiferent dac sunt posturi pe durat they are jobs for definite or indefinite period, full time or
determinat sau nedeterminat, n program de lucru part time.
normal sau parial.
Nu se consider vacante, posturile neocupate: There are not considered vacancies the
unoccupied jobs:
destinate exclusiv promovrii persoanelor din exclusively meant to promote persons from inside
interiorul ntreprinderii sau instituiei; the enterprise;
din unitile administraiei publice, blocate printr-un from units of public, local administration blocked by
act normativ. normative documents.

114
Posturile ocupate de persoanele care absenteaz o Jobs occupied by persons who are absent a certain
anumit perioad de timp (concedii de maternitate, pentru period of time (maternity leaves, child care, sick leaves,
ngrijirea copilului, concedii medicale, concedii fr plat, unpaid ones, others) are considered vacancies if the
alte absene), se consider vacante, dac angajatorul employer wishes substitution during definite or
dorete substituirea pe perioad determinat (temporar) temporary period and if he looks for candidates.
i dac ntreprinde aciuni de gsire a candidailor.
Numrul total al locurilor de munc (ocupate i Total number of jobs (occupied and vacancies)
vacante) include efectivul salariailor la sfritul lunii includes the number of employees at the end of the
(exclusiv cei cu contract de munc/raport de serviciu month (except those with suspended labour contract /
suspendat) i numrul locurilor de munc vacante. agreement) and number of vacant jobs.

CONDIII DE MUNC WORKING CONDITIONS

Accident de munc reprezint vtmarea violent Accident at work represents the violent body injury
a organismului, precum i intoxicaia acut profesional, as well as the acute professional intoxication, taking
care s-au produs n timpul procesului de munc sau n place during labour process or when accomplishing
ndeplinirea ndatoririlor de serviciu, i care provoac duties at work, and which causes the temporary
incapacitatea temporar de munc de cel puin trei zile incapacity of work for at least three calendar days,
calendaristice, invaliditate sau deces. invalidity or death.
n raport cu urmrile produse i cu numrul persoanelor According to consequences and to the number of
accidentate, accidentul de munc se clasific n: persons injured, accidents at work are classified as follows:
accident care produce incapacitate temporar de accident causing temporary incapacity of work for at
munc de cel puin 3 zile calendaristice; least 3 calendar days;
accident care produce invaliditate; accident causing invalidity;
accident mortal; fatal accident at work;
accident colectiv, respectiv cel n care sunt collective accident, when at least 3 persons are
accidentate n acelai timp i din aceeai cauz cel injured at the same time and due to the same
puin trei persoane. cause.
Rata accidentelor de munc reprezint frecvena Rate of accidents at work represents accidents
de accidentare sau numrul accidentailor ce revin la frequency or number of injured persons per
1000 salariai. 1000 employees.
Conflictele de interese se refer la ntreruperile Conflicts of interest refer to work temporary
temporare ale lucrului declanate, n general, n scopuri interruptions, generally for claiming purposes or in view
revendicative sau pentru normalizarea raporturilor de to normalize the labour relationships between the unit,
munc dintre unitate, pe de o parte, i salariaii acesteia, on the one side, and its employees, on the other side
pe de alt parte conform Legii nr.168/1999 privind according to the Law No 168/1999.
soluionarea conflictelor de munc.
Greva constituie o ncetare colectiv i voluntar a Strike represents a collective and voluntary ceasing
lucrului ntr-o unitate, conform Legii nr. 168/1999. of work within a unit, according to the Law No 168/1999.

Conform CAEN Rev.2 According to CANE Rev.2


Agricultura include activitile de: agricultur, Agriculture includes: agriculture, forestry and
silvicultur i pescuit. fishing.
Industria include activitile de: industrie extractiv, Industry includes: mining and quarrying,
industrie prelucrtoare, producia i furnizarea de manufacturing, electricity, gas, steam and air
energie electric i termic, gaze, ap cald i aer conditioning production and supply, water supply,
condiionat, distribuia apei, salubritate, gestionarea sewerage, waste management and decontamination
deeurilor, activiti de decontaminare. activities.
Serviciile comerciale includ activitile de: comer, Trade services include: trade, transport and
transport i depozitare, hoteluri i restaurante, informaii storage, hotels and restaurants, information and
i comunicaii, intermedieri financiare i asigurri, communication, financial intermediation and insurance,
tranzacii imobiliare, activiti profesionale, tiinifice i real estate activities, professional, scientific and
tehnice, activiti de servicii administrative i activiti de technical activities, administrative and support service
servicii suport. activities.
Serviciile sociale includ activitile de: administraie Social services include: public administration and
public i aprare, asigurri sociale din sistemul public, defence, compulsory social security, education, human
nvmnt, sntate i asisten social, activiti de health and social work activities, arts, entertainment and
spectacole culturale i recreeative i celelalte activiti recreation, other activities of national economy.
ale economiei naionale.
115
Populaia ocupat civil, pe principalele activiti ale economiei naionale,
n anul 2015
3.G1 Civil employment, by main activities of national economy, in 2015
CAEN Rev. 2 / CANE Rev. 2

45,9% 24,0%

22,4%

7,7%

Agricultur, silvicultur i pescuit Construcii


Agriculture, forestry and fishing Construction
Industrie1) Servicii
Industry 1) Services
1) Inclusiv producia i furnizarea de energie electric i termic, gaze, ap cald i aer condiionat i distribuia apei; salubritate,
gestionarea deeurilor, activiti de decontaminare.
Including electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning production and supply and water supply; sewerage, waste management and
decontamination activities.

1)
Structura populaiei ocupate , dup statutul profesional, pe sexe i medii,
n anul 2015
3.G2 1)
Employment structure, by status in employment, by sex and area, in 2015
%

100 0,9
9,6 5,5 5,8
90 14,9 1,5
19,9
80 18,3 22,9 12,2
70 1,1 1,5 0,7
33,4
60
50
0,7
40
30
71,0 70,1 72,2 91,8 46,0
20
10
0
Total Masculin Feminin Urban Rural
Male Female
Lucrtor pe cont propriu i membru al unei societi agricole
Salariat sau al unei cooperative
Employee Self employed and member of an agricultural holding or
of a co-operative
Patron Lucrtor familial neremunerat
Employer Contributing family worker

1) Datele pentru anul 2015 au fost calculate n funcie de populaia rezident avnd n vedere criteriul reedinei obinuite, n condiii
de comparabilitate cu rezultatele definitive ale Recensmntului Populaiei i al Locuinelor - 2011.
The data for 2015 have been calculated according to the usual resident population by the usual residence criteria, under the conditions of
comparability with the final results of the Population and Housing Census - 2011.
Sursa: Cercetarea statistic asupra forei de munc n gospodrii (AMIGO) - 2015.
Source: Household Labour Force Survey (HLFS) - 2015.

116
1)
Structura populaiei ocupate n activiti neagricole, pe sexe, n anul 2015
3.G3 1)
Employment structure in non-agricultural activities, by sex, in 2015

CAEN Rev.2 / CANE Rev.2

Total

22,4% 28,2%

10,0%
39,4%

Masculin / Male Feminin / Female


14,9% 30,5% 25,2%
32,3%

1,6%

38,2% 16,4%
40,9%

Industrie Servicii comerciale


Industry Trade services
Construcii Servicii sociale
Construction Social services

Not: Industria include activitile de: industrie extractiv, industrie prelucrtoare, producia i furnizarea de energie electric i termic, gaze,
ap cald i aer condiionat, distribuia apei, salubritate, gestionarea deeurilor, activiti de decontaminare.
Serviciile comerciale includ activitile de: comer, transport i depozitare, hoteluri i restaurante, informaii i comunicaii, intermedieri
financiare i asigurri, tranzacii imobiliare, activiti profesionale, tiinifice i tehnice, activiti de servicii administrative i activiti de servicii
suport.
Serviciile sociale includ activitile de: administraie public i aprare, asigurri sociale din sistemul public, nvmnt, sntate i
asisten social, activiti de spectacole culturale i recreeative i celelalte activiti ale economiei naionale.
Note: Industry includes: mining and quarrying, manufacturing, electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning production and supply, water supply,
sewerage, waste management and decontamination activities.
Trade services include: trade, transport and storage, hotels and restaurants, information and communication, financial intermediation and
insurance, real estate activities, professional, scientific and technical activities, administrative and support service activities.
Social services include: public administration and defence, compulsory social security, education, human health and social work activities,
arts, entertainment and recreation, other activities of national economy.
1) Datele pentru anul 2015 au fost calculate n funcie de populaia rezident avnd n vedere criteriul reedinei obinuite, n condiii
de comparabilitate cu rezultatele definitive ale Recensmntului Populaiei i al Locuinelor - 2011.
The data for 2015 have been calculated according to the usual resident population by the usual residence criteria, under the conditions of
comparability with the final results of the Population and Housing Census - 2011.
Sursa: Cercetarea statistic asupra forei de munc n gospodrii (AMIGO) - 2015.
Source: Household Labour Force Survey (HLFS) - 2015.

117
Evoluia numrului mediu al salariailor
3.G4 Evolution of average number of employees

persoane / persons
5500000
5000000
4442865 4507729 4611395
4500000 4376044 4348739 4443554
4000000
3500000 3126316 3257203
3016395 3051120
3000000 2792914 2880154
2500000
2000000
1500000
1000000
500000
0
2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015

Numrul mediu al salariailor - total


Average number of employees - total

Numrul mediu al salariailor din sectorul integral privat1)


Average number of employees from integral private sector1)

1) Include: proprietate integral privat, proprietate integral strin. / Including: private integral ownership, foreign integral ownership.

Numrul omerilor nregistrai i rata omajului nregistrat


3.G5 Number of registered unemployed and unemployment rate

mii persoane / thou persons


%
800 8
7,0

600 5,7 6
5,2 5,4 5,4
6,3 5,0

4,9 4,9 5,1


400 627 4,8 4,6 4

494 512 478


461
200 436 2
264 211
204 216 200
185
0 0
2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015

Numrul omerilor nregistrai - total Rata omajului - total


Number of registered unemployed - total Unemployment rate - total

Numrul omerilor nregistrai - femei Rata omajului - femei


Number of registered unemployed - women Unemployment rate - women

118
1)
Rata omajului 2), pe grupe de vrst, sexe i medii, n anul 2015
3.G6 Unemployment 2) rate1), by age group, sex and area, in 2015

%
25 23,4

20
20,6
15

9,1
10
5,8 5,8
5 4,0
6,6
4,6 4,3
1,7
0 ani / years
15-24 25-34 35-44 45-54 55 ani i peste
years and over

Masculin Feminin
Male Female

%
35
30 26,9

25
20
15 18,5
10 8,1
5,8 5,4 4,5
5 8,1
4,9 4,9 1,9
0 ani / years
15-24 25-34 35-44 45-54 55 ani i peste
years and over

Urban Rural

1) Datele pentru anul 2015 au fost calculate n funcie de populaia rezident avnd n vedere criteriul reedinei obinuite, n condiii
de comparabilitate cu rezultatele definitive ale Recensmntului Populaiei i al Locuinelor - 2011.
The data for 2015 have been calculated according to the usual resident population by the usual residence criteria, under the conditions of
comparability with the final results of the Population and Housing Census - 2011.
2) Conform definiiei internaionale (BIM= Biroul Internaional al Muncii). / According to the international definition (ILO= International Labour Office).
Sursa: Cercetarea statistic asupra forei de munc n gospodrii (AMIGO) - 2015.
Source: Household Labour Force Survey (HLFS) - 2015.

119
Populaia1) dup participarea la activitatea economic, pe sexe i medii
3.1 Population1) by participation in economic activity, by sex and area

2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015

mii persoane / thou persons


Economically
Populaia activ active population
Total 9365 9188 9232 9202 9243 9159 Total
Pe sexe By sex
Masculin 5280 5132 5181 5191 5228 5243 Male
Feminin 4085 4056 4051 4011 4015 3916 Female
Pe medii By area
Urban 5048 5057 5037 5022 5078 5013 Urban
Rural 4317 4131 4195 4180 4165 4146 Rural
Populaia ocupat Employment
Total 8713 8528 8605 8549 8614 8535 Total
Pe sexe By sex
Masculin 4881 4734 4800 4791 4844 4848 Male
Feminin 3832 3794 3805 3758 3770 3687 Female
Pe medii By area
Urban 4605 4623 4618 4587 4669 4662 Urban
Rural 4108 3905 3987 3962 3945 3873 Rural
omeri 2) Unemployed 2)
Total 652 660 627 653 629 624 Total
Pe sexe By sex
Masculin 399 398 381 400 384 395 Male
Feminin 253 262 246 253 245 229 Female
Pe medii By area
Urban 443 434 419 435 409 351 Urban
Rural 209 226 208 218 220 273 Rural
procente / percentage
Rata de activitate 3) Activity rate 3)
Total 64,9 64,1 64,8 64,9 65,7 66,1 Total
Pe sexe By sex
Masculin 73,7 72,1 73,2 73,4 74,3 75,3 Male
Feminin 56,2 56,1 56,4 56,3 56,9 56,7 Female
Pe medii By area
Urban 63,5 63,9 64,1 64,5 65,8 65,9 Urban
Rural 66,8 64,4 65,8 65,5 65,5 66,4 Rural
Rata de ocupare 3) Employment rate 3)
Total 60,2 59,3 60,2 60,1 61,0 61,4 Total
Pe sexe By sex
Masculin 67,9 66,3 67,6 67,6 68,7 69,5 Male
Feminin 52,5 52,3 52,8 52,6 53,3 53,2 Female
Pe medii By area
Urban 57,9 58,4 58,7 58,9 60,5 61,3 Urban
Rural 63,3 60,5 62,2 61,8 61,7 61,7 Rural
Rata omajului 2) Unemployment rate 2)
Total 7,0 7,2 6,8 7,1 6,8 6,8 Total
Pe sexe By sex
Masculin 7,6 7,7 7,4 7,7 7,3 7,5 Male
Feminin 6,2 6,5 6,1 6,3 6,1 5,8 Female
Pe medii By area
Urban 8,8 8,6 8,3 8,7 8,1 7,0 Urban
Rural 4,8 5,5 5,0 5,2 5,3 6,6 Rural
1) Seria de date pentru perioada 2010-2015 a fost calculat n funcie de populaia rezident avnd n vedere criteriul reedinei obinuite,
n condiii de comparabilitate cu rezultatele definitive ale Recensmntului Populaiei i al Locuinelor - 2011.
The series of data for the 2010-2015 period have been calculated according to the usual resident population by the usual residence
criteria, under the conditions of comparability with the final results of the Population and Housing Census - 2011.
2) Conform definiiei internaionale (BIM = Biroul Internaional al Muncii). / According to the international definition (ILO = International Labour Office).
3) Calculate pentru populaia n vrst de munc (15 - 64 ani). / Calculated for working age population (15 - 64 years).
Sursa: Cercetarea statistic asupra forei de munc n gospodrii (AMIGO).
Source: Household Labour Force Survey (HLFS).

120
Ratele1) de activitate, ocupare i omaj 2), dup nivelul de educaie,
pe sexe i medii
Activity, employment and unemployment 2) rates1), by educational level,
3.2 sex and area
procente / percentage
2014 2015
Nivelul de educaie Nivelul de educaie
Educational level Educational level
Total Superior Mediu Sczut Total Superior Mediu Sczut
Tertiary Medium Low Tertiary Medium Low

Rata de activitate 3) Activity rate 3)

Total 65,7 87,6 70,0 48,1 66,1 89,0 70,1 46,9 Total
Pe sexe By sex
Masculin 74,3 90,0 78,6 58,5 75,3 91,6 78,9 59,3 Male
Feminin 56,9 85,4 60,4 38,9 56,7 86,6 60,1 35,8 Female
Pe medii By area
Urban 65,8 87,9 67,6 33,8 65,9 89,4 67,2 32,2 Urban
Rural 65,5 85,9 74,0 55,3 66,4 86,7 74,5 54,7 Rural

Rata de ocupare 3) Employment rate 3)

Total 61,0 82,5 65,0 44,4 61,4 85,3 64,9 42,6 Total
Pe sexe By sex
Masculin 68,7 84,8 72,8 52,9 69,5 88,0 72,7 53,2 Male
Feminin 53,3 80,3 56,1 36,9 53,2 82,9 56,2 33,2 Female
Pe medii By area
Urban 60,5 82,9 62,2 28,4 61,3 85,9 62,3 27,1 Urban
Rural 61,7 79,8 69,5 52,4 61,7 82,0 69,0 50,9 Rural

Rata omajului 2) Unemployment rate 2)

Total 6,8 5,8 7,2 6,7 6,8 4,1 7,2 8,1 Total
Pe sexe By sex
Masculin 7,3 5,8 7,2 8,6 7,5 3,9 7,8 9,6 Male
Feminin 6,1 5,9 7,1 4,3 5,8 4,4 6,4 6,1 Female
Pe medii By area
Urban 8,1 5,7 8,0 15,7 7,0 3,9 7,3 15,5 Urban
Rural 5,3 6,9 6,0 4,3 6,6 5,3 7,1 6,1 Rural

1) Seria de date pentru anii 2014 i 2015 a fost calculat n funcie de populaia rezident avnd n vedere criteriul reedinei obinuite,
n condiii de comparabilitate cu rezultatele definitive ale Recensmntului Populaiei i al Locuinelor - 2011.
The series of data for the years 2014 and 2015 have been calculated according to the usual resident population by the usual residence
criteria, under the conditions of comparability with the final results of the Population and Housing Census - 2011.
2) Conform definiiei internaionale (BIM = Biroul Internaional al Muncii). / According to the international definition (ILO = International Labour Office).
3) Calculate pentru populaia n vrst de munc (15 - 64 ani). / Calculated for working age population (15 - 64 years).
Sursa: Cercetarea statistic asupra forei de munc n gospodrii (AMIGO).
Source: Household Labour Force Survey (HLFS).

121
Structura populaiei ocupate1), pe activiti ale economiei naionale
i pe grupe de vrst, n anul 2015

3.3
1)
Employment structure, by activity of national economy and by
age group, in 2015

Total din care, n vrst de munc (%): din care, n vrst de munc (%):
populaie of which, at working age (%): 65 ani i Din total, of which, at working age (%): 65 ani i
ocupat grupe de vrst (ani) peste (%) femei: grupe de vrst (ani) peste (%)
Activitatea (mii persoane) Total age groups (years) 65 years (%) Total age groups (years) 65 years Activity
(seciuni CAEN Rev.2) Total 15-64 ani and over Of total, 15-64 ani and over (CANE Rev.2 sections)
employment years 15-24 25-34 35-44 45-54 55-64 (%) women: years 15-24 25-34 35-44 45-54 55-64 (%)
(thou persons) (%)

Total 8535 96,5 6,3 24,1 29,4 23,7 13,0 3,5 43,2 41,4 2,4 10,3 12,9 10,4 5,4 1,8 Total
Agricultur, silvicultur i pescuit 2184 87,0 9,8 16,4 21,9 19,5 19,4 13,0 43,2 36,2 3,6 6,4 8,9 7,9 9,4 7,0 Agriculture, forestry and fishing
Industrie extractiv 73 100,0 1,0 18,5 37,9 31,1 11,5 - 16,0 16,0 - 2,3 3,5 8,2 2,0 - Mining and quarrying
Industrie prelucrtoare 1551 99,9 5,7 24,3 30,5 27,4 12,0 0,1 41,6 41,5 1,9 10,2 13,6 12,3 3,5 0,1 Manufacturing
Producia i furnizarea de energie electric i Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning
termic, gaze, ap cald i aer condiionat 82 99,9 1,2 14,4 29,1 38,9 16,3 0,1 16,9 16,9 0,3 3,1 3,1 8,5 1,9 - production and supply
Distribuia apei; salubritate, gestionarea Water supply; sewerage, waste management
deeurilor, activiti de decontaminare 86 99,8 5,4 17,9 26,7 33,0 16,8 0,2 24,8 24,8 0,8 4,1 6,4 9,6 3,9 - and decontamination activities
Construcii 637 99,5 6,2 25,7 31,7 24,3 11,6 0,5 7,0 7,0 0,1 2,0 2,3 2,1 0,5 - Construction
Comer cu ridicata i cu amnuntul; Wholesale and retail; repair of motor vehicles
repararea autovehiculelor i motocicletelor 1149 99,8 6,8 32,4 30,7 22,8 7,1 0,2 54,7 54,7 3,8 17,0 17,6 12,9 3,4 - and motorcycles
Transport i depozitare 475 99,7 3,1 23,1 32,8 29,6 11,1 0,3 16,1 16,1 0,3 4,2 4,5 5,6 1,5 - Transport and storage
Hoteluri i restaurante 186 99,9 12,6 35,6 25,2 20,6 5,9 0,1 59,9 59,8 5,8 19,1 16,1 14,5 4,3 0,1 Hotels and restaurants
Informaii i comunicaii 173 99,4 6,9 46,4 26,7 12,6 6,8 0,6 40,8 40,6 3,2 18,9 10,6 5,5 2,4 0,2 Information and communication
Intermedieri financiare i asigurri 105 99,9 3,5 39,5 31,7 17,9 7,3 0,1 65,1 65,1 2,5 25,4 21,8 12,4 3,0 - Financial intermediation and insurance
Tranzacii imobiliare 22 99,7 3,3 26,5 25,9 30,2 13,8 0,3 43,2 42,9 1,7 9,2 9,8 16,3 5,9 0,3 Real estate activities
Activiti profesionale, tiinifice i tehnice 185 99,4 2,6 37,5 32,6 17,6 9,1 0,6 55,7 55,5 1,4 20,7 18,9 10,2 4,3 0,2 Professional, scientific and technical activities
Activiti de servicii administrative i Administrative and support
activiti de servicii suport 204 99,8 6,2 23,2 28,5 28,1 13,8 0,2 26,5 26,4 1,8 7,6 7,7 6,7 2,6 0,1 service activities
Administraie public i aprare; asigurri Public administration and defence;
sociale din sistemul public 442 99,8 1,4 23,3 39,2 25,2 10,7 0,2 36,5 36,4 0,4 6,9 14,2 10,1 4,8 0,1 compulsory social security
nvmnt 355 99,5 1,6 21,2 35,8 24,5 16,4 0,5 75,8 75,7 1,5 16,3 28,1 18,9 10,9 0,1 Education
Sntate i asisten social 388 99,7 1,6 20,3 37,6 27,0 13,2 0,3 79,0 78,8 1,5 15,6 30,2 21,5 10,0 0,2 Human health and social work activities
Activiti de spectacole, culturale i recreative 56 100,0 11,5 32,2 25,6 20,1 10,6 - 48,4 48,4 5,2 16,2 12,0 10,0 5,0 - Arts, entertainment and recreation
Alte activiti ale economiei naionale 182 99,5 7,4 29,2 31,3 21,5 10,1 0,5 66,5 66,4 4,9 19,8 20,5 15,0 6,2 0,1 Other activities of national economy

1) Datele pentru anul 2015 au fost calculate n funcie de populaia rezident avnd n vedere criteriul reedinei obinuite, n condiii
de comparabilitate cu rezultatele definitive ale Recensmntului Populaiei i al Locuinelor - 2011.
The data for 2015 have been calculated according to the usual resident population by the usual residence criteria, under the conditions
of comparability with the final results of the Population and Housing Census - 2011.
Sursa: Cercetarea statistic asupra forei de munc n gospodrii (AMIGO) - 2015.
Source: Household Labour Force Survey (HLFS) - 2015.

122 123
Structura populaiei ocupate1), pe activiti ale economiei naionale
i dup statutul profesional, n anul 2015

3.4 Employment 1) structure, by activity of national economy


and by status in employment, in 2015

Total din care, dup statutul profesional (%): din care, dup statutul profesional (%):
populaie of which, by status in employment (%): Din total, of which, by status in employment (%):
ocupat Lucrtor Lucrtor femei: Lucrtor Lucrtor
Activitatea (mii persoane) pe cont familial (%) pe cont familial Activity
(seciuni CAEN Rev.2) Total Salariat Patron propriu neremunerat Of total, Salariat Patron propriu neremunerat (CANE Rev.2 sections)
employment Employee Employer Self-employed Contributing women: Employee Employer Self-employed Contributing
(thou persons) family worker (%) family worker

Total 8535 71,0 1,1 18,3 9,6 43,2 31,2 0,3 5,3 6,4 Total
Agricultur, silvicultur i pescuit 2184 8,1 0,2 55,1 36,6 43,2 1,7 0,1 16,6 24,8 Agriculture, forestry and fishing
Industrie extractiv 73 99,3 0,4 0,3 - 16,0 15,9 - 0,1 - Mining and quarrying
Industrie prelucrtoare 1551 97,7 0,6 1,6 0,1 41,6 41,1 0,1 0,3 0,1 Manufacturing
Producia i furnizarea de energie electric i Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning
termic, gaze, ap cald i aer condiionat 82 99,8 0,2 - - 16,9 16,9 - - - production and supply
Distribuia apei; salubritate, gestionarea Water supply; sewerage, waste management
deeurilor, activiti de decontaminare 86 95,3 0,6 2,3 1,8 24,8 24,3 0,1 - 0,4 and decontamination activities
Construcii 637 74,8 1,3 23,7 0,2 7,0 6,8 0,1 0,1 - Construction
Comer cu ridicata i cu amnuntul; Wholesale and retail; repair of motor vehicles
repararea autovehiculelor i motocicletelor 1149 91,0 3,7 4,7 0,6 54,7 51,7 1,1 1,5 0,4 and motorcycles
Transport i depozitare 475 94,1 1,6 4,3 - 16,1 15,9 0,1 0,1 - Transport and storage
Hoteluri i restaurante 186 95,2 3,7 1,1 - 59,9 58,5 1,0 0,4 - Hotels and restaurants
Informaii i comunicaii 173 91,7 1,2 4,4 2,7 40,8 37,9 0,2 0,8 1,9 Information and communication
Intermedieri financiare i asigurri 105 99,0 0,2 0,8 - 65,1 64,6 0,1 0,4 - Financial intermediation and insurance
Tranzacii imobiliare 22 84,3 4,5 9,7 1,5 43,2 40,6 - 2,6 - Real estate activities
Activiti profesionale, tiinifice i tehnice 185 87,5 2,4 10,1 - 55,7 50,0 0,7 5,0 - Professional, scientific and technical activities
Activiti de servicii administrative i Administrative and support
activiti de servicii suport 204 97,8 0,5 1,6 0,1 26,5 25,4 - 1,1 - service activities
Administraie public i aprare; asigurri Public administration and defence;
sociale din sistemul public 442 100,0 - - - 36,5 36,5 - - - compulsory social security
nvmnt 355 99,3 0,1 0,6 - 75,8 75,5 0,1 0,2 - Education
Sntate i asisten social 388 96,7 0,6 2,7 - 79,0 76,7 0,2 2,1 - Human health and social work activities
Activiti de spectacole, culturale i recreative 56 88,6 0,6 10,1 0,7 48,4 46,0 - 2,2 0,2 Arts, entertainment and recreation
Alte activiti ale economiei naionale 182 68,7 2,1 29,0 0,2 66,5 44,5 1,5 20,3 0,2 Other activities of national economy

1) Datele pentru anul 2015 au fost calculate n funcie de populaia rezident avnd n vedere criteriul reedinei obinuite, n condiii de
comparabilitate cu rezultatele definitive ale Recensmntului Populaiei i al Locuinelor - 2011.
The data for 2015 have been calculated according to the usual resident population by the usual residence criteria, under the conditions
of comparability with the final results of the Population and Housing Census - 2011.
Sursa: Cercetarea statistic asupra forei de munc n gospodrii (AMIGO) - 2015.
Source: Household Labour Force Survey (HLFS) - 2015.

124 125
Structura populaiei1), dup participarea la activitatea economic,
pe grupe de vrst, sexe i medii, n anul 2015
Population1) structure, by participation in economic activity,
3.5 by age group, sex and area, in 2015
procente / percentage

Total Persoane active Persoane


Grupe de vrst populaie Economically active persons inactive Age groups
Total Total Ocupate omeri 2) Non-economically
population Employed Unemployed 2) active persons

Total
Total 100,0 46,1 43,0 3,1 53,9 Total
Sub 15 ani 100,0 - - - 100,0 Under 15 years
15 - 64 ani 100,0 66,1 61,4 4,7 33,9 15 - 64 years
din care: of which:
15 - 24 ani 100,0 31,3 24,5 6,8 68,7 15 - 24 years
25 - 34 ani 100,0 81,5 74,9 6,6 18,5 25 - 34 years
35 - 44 ani 100,0 85,7 81,1 4,6 14,3 35 - 44 years
45 - 54 ani 100,0 79,8 75,7 4,1 20,2 45 - 54 years
55 - 64 ani 100,0 42,7 41,1 1,6 57,3 55 - 64 years
65 ani i peste 100,0 8,9 8,9 - 91,1 65 years and over
Masculin / Male
Total 100,0 54,0 49,9 4,1 46,0 Total
Sub 15 ani 100,0 - - - 100,0 Under 15 years
15 - 64 ani 100,0 75,3 69,5 5,8 24,7 15 - 64 years
din care: of which:
15 - 24 ani 100,0 37,0 29,4 7,6 63,0 15 - 24 years
25 - 34 ani 100,0 91,3 83,0 8,3 8,7 25 - 34 years
35 - 44 ani 100,0 94,2 88,7 5,5 5,8 35 - 44 years
45 - 54 ani 100,0 88,8 83,6 5,2 11,2 45 - 54 years
55 - 64 ani 100,0 53,8 51,2 2,6 46,2 55 - 64 years
65 ani i peste 100,0 10,6 10,6 - 89,4 65 years and over
Feminin / Female
Total 100,0 38,6 36,3 2,3 61,4 Total
Sub 15 ani 100,0 - - - 100,0 Under 15 years
15 - 64 ani 100,0 56,7 53,2 3,5 43,3 15 - 64 years
din care: of which:
15 - 24 ani 100,0 25,2 19,3 5,9 74,8 15 - 24 years
25 - 34 ani 100,0 71,0 66,3 4,7 29,0 25 - 34 years
35 - 44 ani 100,0 76,7 73,1 3,6 23,3 35 - 44 years
45 - 54 ani 100,0 70,6 67,5 3,1 29,4 45 - 54 years
55 - 64 ani 100,0 32,8 32,1 0,7 67,2 55 - 64 years
65 ani i peste 100,0 7,7 7,7 - 92,3 65 years and over
Urban
Total 100,0 46,9 43,6 3,3 53,1 Total
Sub 15 ani 100,0 - - - 100,0 Under 15 years
15 - 64 ani 100,0 65,9 61,3 4,6 34,1 15 - 64 years
din care: of which:
15 - 24 ani 100,0 23,8 17,4 6,4 76,2 15 - 24 years
25 - 34 ani 100,0 84,6 77,8 6,8 15,4 25 - 34 years
35 - 44 ani 100,0 88,3 84,0 4,3 11,7 35 - 44 years
45 - 54 ani 100,0 80,7 76,4 4,3 19,3 45 - 54 years
55 - 64 ani 100,0 36,8 35,1 1,7 63,2 55 - 64 years
65 ani i peste 100,0 1,3 1,3 - 98,7 65 years and over
Rural
Total 100,0 45,2 42,2 3,0 54,8 Total
Sub 15 ani 100,0 - - - 100,0 Under 15 years
15 - 64 ani 100,0 66,4 61,7 4,7 33,6 15 - 64 years
din care: of which:
15 - 24 ani 100,0 38,7 31,5 7,2 61,3 15 - 24 years
25 - 34 ani 100,0 77,0 70,7 6,3 23,0 25 - 34 years
35 - 44 ani 100,0 82,3 77,5 4,8 17,7 35 - 44 years
45 - 54 ani 100,0 78,6 74,8 3,8 21,4 45 - 54 years
55 - 64 ani 100,0 51,1 49,7 1,4 48,9 55 - 64 years
65 ani i peste 100,0 15,5 15,5 - 84,5 65 years and over

1) Datele pentru anul 2015 au fost calculate n funcie de populaia rezident avnd n vedere criteriul reedinei obinuite, n condiii de
comparabilitate cu rezultatele definitive ale Recensmntului Populaiei i al Locuinelor - 2011.
The data for 2015 have been calculated according to the usual resident population by the usual residence criteria, under the conditions
of comparability with the final results of the Population and Housing Census - 2011.
2) Conform definiiei internaionale (BIM = Biroul Internaional al Muncii). / According to the international definition (ILO = International Labour Office).
Sursa: Cercetarea statistic asupra forei de munc n gospodrii (AMIGO) - 2015. / Source: Household Labour Force Survey (HLFS) - 2015.

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Structura populaiei ocupate1), dup nivelul de educaie, pe grupe de vrst,
sexe i medii, n anul 2015
Employment1) structure, by educational level, by age group,
3.6 sex and area, in 2015

Total populaie din care, n vrst de munc (%): 65 ani


ocupat of which, at working age (%): i peste
(mii persoane) grupe de vrst (ani) (%)
Nivel de educaie Total Total age groups (years) 65 years Educational level
employment 15-64 ani and over
(thou persons) years 15-24 25-34 35-44 45-54 55-64 (%)

Total
Total 8535 96,5 6,3 24,1 29,4 23,7 13,0 3,5 Total
Superior 1725 99,5 2,5 35,5 33,6 19,1 8,8 0,5 Tertiary
Mediu 4896 98,8 6,5 21,6 29,8 28,4 12,5 1,2 Medium
Postliceal de specialitate Speciality post secondary education
sau tehnic de maitri 280 98,3 3,0 24,2 36,0 22,0 13,1 1,7 or technical foremen education
Liceal 3147 99,5 7,9 24,8 30,3 27,6 8,9 0,5 Upper secondary education
Profesional 1469 97,4 4,0 14,4 27,5 31,3 20,2 2,6 Vocational
Sczut 1914 87,8 9,2 20,3 24,4 15,7 18,2 12,2 Low
Gimnazial 1620 90,7 9,3 21,0 25,7 16,5 18,2 9,3 Lower secondary education
Primar sau fr Primary or
coal absolvit 294 71,6 8,3 16,8 17,5 11,2 17,8 28,4 no education
Masculin / Male
Total 4848 97,0 6,8 24,4 28,9 23,4 13,5 3,0 Total
Superior 852 99,4 2,1 34,6 32,8 19,4 10,5 0,6 Tertiary
Mediu 2915 98,5 6,8 21,8 28,7 27,5 13,7 1,5 Medium
Postliceal de specialitate Speciality post secondary education
sau tehnic de maitri 114 97,1 1,8 19,1 31,9 26,9 17,4 2,9 or technical foremen education
Liceal 1752 99,5 8,8 26,6 29,4 25,8 8,9 0,5 Upper secondary education
Profesional 1049 96,9 3,9 14,3 27,0 30,5 21,2 3,1 Vocational
Sczut 1081 91,3 10,7 23,2 26,6 15,4 15,4 8,7 Low
Gimnazial 920 92,7 10,7 23,4 27,2 15,9 15,5 7,3 Lower secondary education
Primar sau fr Primary or
coal absolvit 161 83,4 10,8 22,0 23,1 12,5 15,0 16,6 no education
Feminin / Female
Total 3687 95,8 5,6 23,8 29,9 24,0