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Ministerul Educaiei al Republicii Moldova

Direcia nvmnt Clrai

Liceul Teoretic Mihail Sadoveanu or. Clrai

COORDONAT APROB

Dir. adjunct___________ Director___________

Tez semestrial

la istoria romnilor i universal

sesiunea de iarn, anul de studii 2013 - 2014

clasa a XII-a, profil umanist

Elaborat de Ana Draganel

Discutat i aprobat la edina catedrei

Proces verbal nr. __ din ___ decembrie 2013

efa catedrei ________________

1
Tez semestrial
la istoria romnilor i universal, clasa a XII-a, profil umanist, var. 1

Numele _____________________ Prenumele___________________ Data ___________________

Citete cu atenie textele de mai jos i rspunde la ntrebri.


Sursa A. Cu ocazia semnrii Tratatului de neagresiune dintre Reich-ul german i Uniunea
Republicilor Sovietice Socialiste plenipoteniarii semnatari din partea celor dou pri au discutat n cadrul
unor convorbiri strict confideniale problema delimitrii sferelor lor respective de interes n Europa
Rsritean. Aceste convorbiri au avut urmtorul rezultat:
1. n cazul unor transformri teritoriale i politice ale teritoriilor aparinnd statelor baltice (Finlanda,
Estonia, Letonia, Lituania), frontiera nordic a Lituaniei va reprezenta frontiera sferelor de interes att ale
Germaniei, ct i ale URSS.
2. n cazul unor transformri teritoriale i politice ale teritoriilor statului polonez, sferele de interes, att
ale Germaniei, ct i ale U.R.S.S., vor fi delimitate aproximativ pe linia rurilor Narew, Vistula i San.
3. n privina Europei Sud - Estice, partea sovietic subliniaz interesul pe care-l manifest pentru
Basarabia. Partea german i declar totalul dezinteres politic fa de aceste teritorii.
4. Acest protocol va fi considerat de ambele pri ca strict secret.
Protocol adiional secret al Pactului de neagresiune dintre Germania i Uniunea Sovietic,
23 august 1939.

Sursa B. Foametea i deportrile organizate le-au ngreuiat i mai mult situaia moldovenilor n timpul
campaniei de colectivizare (1946- 1950). Dei foametea i seceta nu erau neobinuite n Basarabia, exist
dovezi clare c foametea din 1946-1947 a fost provocat de rechiziionarea grnelor de ctre comuniti i a
fost direcionat mpotriva celui mai mare grup etnic de la sate - moldovenii. Cel puin 115 000 de
rani au murit de foame i de alte boli din decembrie 1946 pn n august 1947. n plus, o campanie
oficial de eliminare a chiaburilor", ndreptat mpotriva ranilor moldoveni presupui a fi fost bogai
(chiaburi), a distrus la rndul ei multe familii, majoritatea moldoveneti, ntre 1947 i 1951. Doar n
dou zile - 6 i 7 iulie 1949 - 11 342 de familii moldovene au fost deportate n Kurgan, Tiumen, Irkutsk
i alte localiti din Siberia i Kazahstan n cadrul unui plan numit Operaiunea Sud, condus de cunoscutul
ministru pentru securitatea statului din RSSM, I.L. Mordove. n total, din 1941 pn n 1951, aproape 16 000
de familii au fost deportate din RSSM.
King Charles. Moldovenii, p.97.

I. Timpul, spaiul i personalitatea n baza analizei i valorificrii surselor propuse (39 puncte).
1. Numete evenimentele istorice la care se refer sursele A i B.
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L/0/1/2
2. Numete i dateaz 3 evenimente istorice care au tangen cu evenimentul indicat n sursa B.
a)__________________________________________________________________________________
b)__________________________________________________________________________________
c)__________________________________________________________________________________
L/0/1/2/3/4/5/6

3. Construiete axa cronologic, plasnd pe ea evenimentele indicate n itemul 2.

2
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L/0/1/2/3/4/5/6

4. Pornind de la coninutul documentelor propuse, determinai prin 3 argumente, rolul istoric al conductorului
U.R.S.S din perioada respectiv.
a)___________________________________________________________________________________________
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b)___________________________________________________________________________________________
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c)___________________________________________________________________________________________
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L/0/1/2/3/4/5/6/7
5. Indic trei consecine ale evenimentelor istorice despre care se vorbete n sursa A.
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L/0/1/2/3/4/5/6
6. Formuleaz cte un enun cu termenii evedeniai n sursa B, care s corespund adevrului istoric.
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L/0/1/2/3/4

7. Indic la harta de contur teritoriul statului, format ca urmare a evenimentului expus n sursa A.
Not:La indicarea teritoriului se vor lua n consideraie: conturarea hotarelor, haurarea teritoriului, aplicarea
inscrip iilor denumirea teritoriului i capitalei, completarea legendei (orice inscripie se explic n legend).
Anexa 1. L/0/1/2/3/4/5/6/7/8

II. Relaia de cauzalitate n istorie (14 puncte).


8. Demonstrai relaia de cauzalitate dintre politica extern a URSS i formarea RSS Moldoveneti.
Not: La elaborarea relaiei de cauzalitate se va ine cont de: prezentarea fiecrui proces / eveniment istoric;
prezentarea relaiei cauz-efect; ncadrarea personalitii istorice, utilizarea limbajului istoric adecvat, a
datelor cronologice; expunerea logic i formularea concluziei
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Legenda:
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L/1/2/3/4/5/6/7/8/9/10/11/12/13/14/

III. Eseu ( 20 puncte)


9. Elaboreaz un eseu ncadrat n 1-1,5 pagini pe tema:
Al Doilea Rzboi Mondial: rezultate, consecine, nvminte.
Not: La elaborarea eseului se va ine cont de: utilizarea limbajului istoric; abordarea subiectului n
relevan tematc i expunere logic; evidenierea relaiilor de cauzalitate; plasarea corect n timp i spaiu a
evenimentelor i personalitilor istorice; reflectarea subiectului abordat prin prisma de la naional la universal;
argumentarea tiinific a punctului de vedere propriu i formularea concluziei; respectarea volumului indicat.

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L/0/1/2//4/5/6/7/8/9/10/11/12/13/14/15/16/18/19/20

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Tez semestrial
la istoria romnilor i universal, clasa a XII-a, profil umanist, var. 2

Numele _____________________ Prenumele___________________ Data ___________________

Citete cu atenie textele de mai jos i rspunde la ntrebri.

Sursa A. n anul 1918, Romnia, folosindu-se de slbiciunea militar a Rusiei, a desfcut de la Uniunea
Sovietic (Rusia), o parte din teritoriul ei Basarabia, clcnd prin aceasta unitatea secular a
Basarabiei, populat n principal de ucraineni, cu Republica Sovietic Ucrainean. ()
Acum, cnd slbiciunea militar a U.R.S.S. ine de domeniul trecutului, iar situaia internaional care s-a
creat cere rezolvarea rapid a chestiunilor din trecut pentru a pune n fine bazele unei pci solide ntre ri,
U.R.S.S. consider necesar i oportun ca n interesele restabilirii adevrului s procedeze mpreun cu
Romnia la rezolvarea imediat a chestiunii napoierii Basarabiei Uniunii Sovietice.
Guvernul Sovietic consider c chestiunea ntoarcerii Basarabiei este legat n mod organic de
chestiunea transmiterii ctre U.R.S.S. a acelei pri a Bucovinei, a crei populaie este legat n marea
sa majoritate de Ucraina Sovietic.() Un astfel de act ar fi cu att mai just, cu ct transmiterea
prii de nord a Bucovinei ctre U.R.S.S ar reprezenta, este drept c numai ntr-o msur
nensemnat, un mijloc de despgubire a acelei pierderi care a fost pricinuit U.R.S.S. i populaiei
Basarabiei prin dominaia de 22 de ani a Romniei n Basarabia. Guvernul U.R.S.S. propune guvernului regal
al Romniei:
1.Snapoieze cu orice pre Uniunii Sovietice Basarabia;
2.S transmit Uniunii Sovietice partea de nord a Bucovinei, cu frontierele potrivit cu harta alturat.
Guvernul sovietic i exprim sperana c guvernul romn va primi propunerile de fa ale U.R.S.S. i c
aceasta va da posibilitatea de a se rezolvare cale panic confictul prelungit dintre U.R.S.S. i Romnia.
Nota ultimatv a Guvernului Sovietic adresat guvernului Romn, 26 iunie 1940

Sursa B. () Viziunea ortodox american, aa cum a fost ea elaborat de guvernul american () ,


const n ideea c rzboiul rece era replica esenial i curajoas a oamenilor liberi mpotriva
agresiunii comuniste. Unii s-au ntors mult naintea celui de-al Doilea Rzboi Mondial pentru a detecta
sursele expansionismului rusesc. Geopoliticii descopereau urmele rzboiului rece n ambiiile
strategice ale Rusiei imperiale ce duceau n secolul al XIX-lea la rzboiul din Crimeea , n penetraia rus n
Balcani i Orientul Mijlociu i n presiunile asupra Marii Britanii cu privire la portia de salvare din
India () Observatori ateni () concluzioneaz c imperialismul clasic rus i panslavismul au fost puse cap
la cap dup 1917 la mesianismul leninist i au confruntat Vestul la sfritul celui de-al Doilea Rzboi Mondial
cu tendina inexorabil ctre dominaie.
()Teza revizionist este diferit. n forma ei extrem, ea se reflect n faptul c, dup moartea lui Franklin
Roosevelt i sfritul celui de al Doilea Rzboi Mondial , Statele Unite au abandonat n mod deliberat
politica de colaborare n timpul rzboiului i, nsufeite de deinerea bombei atomice, au abandonat o
tactic de agresiune pe cont propriu cu scopul de a elimina influena rus din Europa de Est i de a stabili
state capitaliste democratice pe fiecare latur extern a Uniunii Sovietice. n viziunea revizionitilor, aceast
politic radical i nou a americanilor, sau mai degrab aceast reluare de ctre Truman a unei politici
anticomuniste inumane, i-a lsat Moscovei doar alternativa de a lua msuri n aprarea propriilor ei granie.
Rezultatul a fost rzboiul rece().
A. Winkler. Trecutul apropiat. Eseuri i documente despre America de dup cel de-al Doilea Rzboi Mondial.

I. Timpul, spaiul i personalitatea n baza analizei i valorificrii surselor propuse (39 puncte).
1. Numete evenimentele istorice la care se refer sursele A i B.

6
____________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________
L/0/1/2
2. Numete i dateaz 3 evenimente istorice care au tangen cu evenimentul indicat n sursa B.
a)__________________________________________________________________________________
b)__________________________________________________________________________________
c)__________________________________________________________________________________
L/0/1/2/3/4/5/6

3. Construiete axa cronologic, plasnd pe ea evenimentele indicate n itemul 2.

____________________________________________________________________________________

L/0/1/2/3/4/5/6

4. Pornind de la coninutul documentelor propuse, determinai prin 3 argumente, rolul istoric al conductorului
U.R.S.S din perioada respectiv.
a)___________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
b)___________________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
c)___________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
L/0/1/2/3/4/5/6/7
5. Indic trei consecine ale evenimentelor istorice despre care se vorbete n sursa A.
____________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
L/0/1/2/3/4/5/6
6. Formuleaz cte un enun cu termenii evedeniai n sursa B, care s corespund adevrului istoric.
____________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________
L/0/1/2/3/4

7. Indic la harta de contur teritoriul statului, format ca urmare a evenimentului expus n sursa A.
Not:La indicarea teritoriului se vor lua n consideraie: conturarea hotarelor, haurarea teritoriului, aplicarea
inscrip iilor denumirea teritoriului i capitalei, completarea legendei (orice inscripie se explic n legend).
Anexa 1. L/0/1/2/3/4/5/6/7/8

II. Relaia de cauzalitate n istorie (14 puncte).


7
8. Demonstrai relaia de cauzalitate dintre politica extern a URSS i formarea RASSM.
Not: La elaborarea relaiei de cauzalitate se va ine cont de: prezentarea fiecrui proces / eveniment istoric;
prezentarea relaiei cauz-efect; ncadrarea personalitii istorice, utilizarea limbajului istoric adecvat, a
datelor cronologice; expunerea logic i formularea concluziei
____________________________________________________________________________________________
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L/1/2/3/4/5/6/7/8/9/10/11/12/13/14

III. Eseu ( 20 puncte)


9. Elaboreaz un eseu ncadrat n 1-1,5 pagini pe tema:
Sistemul Versailles-Washington: factor determinant n declanarea celui de-al Doilea Rzboi Mondial.
Not: La elaborarea eseului se va ine cont de: utilizarea limbajului istoric; abordarea subiectului n
relevan tematc i expunere logic; evidenierea relaiilor de cauzalitate; plasarea corect n timp i spaiu a
evenimentelor i personalitilor istorice; reflectarea subiectului abordat prin prisma de la naional la universal;
argumentarea tiinific a punctului de vedere propriu i formularea concluziei; respectarea volumului indicat.

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L/0/1/2//4/5/6/7/8/9/10/11/12/13/14/15/16/18/19/20

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Anexa 1

Legenda hrii:

10
Barem de corectare

Compa Item Barem Puncte


rti-
mentul
I 1. Cte 1 punct pentru identificarea corect a evenimentelor istorice. 2 p.

2. Cte 1 punct pentru fiecare eveniment numit corect. 3 p.


Cte 1 punct pentru fiecare eveniment datat corect. 3 p.

3. Cte 1 punct pentru fiecare eveniment plasat corect pe axa cronologic . 3 p.


Pentru construcia corect a axei
1 punct pentru prezena segmentului de ax; 1p.
1 punct pentru indicarea sgeii; 1p.
1 punct pentru prezena scrii. 1p.

4. 1 punct pentru numirea corect a personalitii solicitate. 1 p.


Fiecare argument prezentat va fi apreciat cu:
1 punct pentru nominalizarea evenimentului istoric n care a fost implicat (a avut 3 p.
influen) personalitatea nominalizat sau prezena unei simple constatri
3 p.
1 punct pentru argumentarea/ explicarea rolului personalit ii n evenimentul
istoric numit.

5. Cte 2 puncte pentru fiecare consecin numit corect. 6 p.

6. Fiecare enun va fi apreciat cu: 4 p.


1 punct pentru formularea enunului cu sintagma evideniat.
1 punct pentru coninutul istoric al enunului alctuit.

7. 1 punct pentru indicarea corect a hotarelor statului. 1 p.


1 punct pentru indicarea corect prin haurare a teritoriului . 1 p.
1 punct pentru indicarea corect a denumirii statului. 1 p.
1 punct pentru indicarea corect a capitalei . 1 p.

La completarea legendei:
1 punct pentru indicarea simbolului folosit. 1 p.
1 punct pentru indicarea denumirii statului ha urat/ explicarea 1 p.
semnificaiei simbolului folosit pentru indicarea statului.
1 punct pentru simbolului folosit n indicarea capitalei. 1 p.
1 punct pentru explicarea simbolului folosit n denumirea capitalei. 1p

II 8. 2 puncte pentru prezentarea relaiei cauz-efect. 2 p.


2 puncte pentru argumentarea relaiei cauz-efect. 2 p.
Cte 1 punct pentru utilizarea noiunilor istorice specifice/adecvate proceselor
descrise. (utilizarea a cel puin dou noiuni istorice). 2 p.
2 puncte pentru cel puin 2 date cronologice utilizate. 2 p.
2 puncte pentru ncadrarea unei personaliti istorice. 2 p.
2 puncte pentru formularea concluziei.
2 puncte pentru argumentarea concluziei 2 p.
2 p.

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III 9. 2 puncte pentru expunerea subiectului n relevan tematic. 2p.
2 puncte pentru abordarea logic a tematicii. 2p.
2 puncte pentru evidenierea relaiilor de cauzalitate. 2p
1 punct pentru prezentarea spaiului desfurrii evenimentelor. 1 p.
Cte 1 punct pentru utilizarea noiunilor istorice specifice/adecvate 2p.
evenimentelor descrise (utilizarea a cel puin dou noiuni istorice).
Cte 1 punct pentru indicarea personalit ilor istorice adecvate subiectului (cel 2p.
pu in dou personaliti istorice).
Cte 1 punct pentru fiecare dat cronologic corect utilizat (prezena 2p.
minimum a dou date cronologice).
2 puncte pentru formularea concluziei. 2p.
2 puncte pentru argumentarea concluziei. 2p.
2 puncte pentru prezena opiniei proprii argumentate 2 p.
1 punct pentru respectarea volumului. 1p.
Total: 73
puncte

Barem de notare

Nota 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Puncte 1 2 3 10 11 17 18 23 24 36 37 46 47 54 55 62 63 69 70 73

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