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1. Introducere ___________________________________________________________________ 3
1.1. Vechimea ingineriei genetice ____________________________________ 3
1.2. Trecerea la ingineria genetic modern ______________________ 4
2. Tehnici utilizate n ingineria genetic___________________________________ 5
2.1. Hibridarea somatic la plante ___________________________________5
2.2. Haploidia prin androgenez i ginogenez ___________________6
2.3. Hibridarea somatic la animale ________________________________6
2.4. Clonarea organismelor __________________________________________7
3. Tehnologia ADN-ului recombinat ________________________________________8
4. Realizri i perspective ale ingineriei genetice
4.1. Sinteza artificial a genelor _____________________________________8
5. Beneficiile ingineriei genetice ____________________________________________9
6. Controversele privind ingineria genetic ______________________________9
7. Cazuri uimitoare ____________________________________________________________9
Bibliografie _____________________________________________________________________11