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Pentru a realiza fiabilitatii s-a realizat interogarea a zece variante ale aceluiasi model de autovehicul ( Nissan

Primera 2.2 DCI), s-au notat in tabelul, defectele aparute si numarul de kilometri la care a aparut fiecare
defect.

Nr crt.

Km
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

20000
53000
80000
110000
135000
140000
160000
165000
240000
250000

Defectiune
VIN
Frana
SJNFAAP12U0069960
Baterie
SJNFAAP12U0073456
Fir cald
SJNFAAP12U0268234
Rulment
SJNFAAP12U0398465
Ambreiaj
SJNFAAP12U0287401
Suspensie
SJNFAAP12U0003541
Conducta de motorina
SJNFAAP12U0508752
Injector
SJNFAAP12U0200342
Contact
SJNFAAP12U0164294
Diferential
SJNFAAP12U0023862

Determinarea intervalului de esantionare , se calculeaza cu ajutorul relatiei:

25000020000
=
=
1+3,33lg 1+3,3310

53117.78291

tmin si tmax= limitele intervalului de timp masurate in Km


N= numarul de interogari
Se adopta t=50000 *km+
Determinarea intervalelor de timp si nr de defectiuni din tabelul:
Interval

0-50000

50000-100000

100000-150000

150000-200000

200000-250000

ti

25000

75000

125000

175000

215000

Ni

F(ti)

1
1
0.1

2
3
0.3

3
6
0.6

2
8
0.8

2
10
1

F(ti)[%]

10

30

60

80

100

Se calculeaza frecventa cumulate a defectiunilor F(t) cu relatia: Rezultatele sunt


notate in tabel
()=

Se estimeaza cu ajutorul diagramei, parametrii constanti ai legii Weibull astfel:


-se marcheaza mijlocul fiecarui interval si frecventa cumulata a defectarilor
corespunzatoare, in procente;
-daca punctele astfel obtinute se afla aproximativ pe o dreapta, atunci parametrul
de pozitie este zero;
-se intersecteaza dreapta formata de puncte cu dreapta din diagrama si se citeste valoarea
de pe abscisa corespunzatoare punctului de intersectie. Astfel se obtine valoarea
parametrului de scara , care va reprezenta viata caracteristica a produsului pentru un
procent cumulat al defectarilor de 63%;
-parametrul de forma se estimeaza prin trasarea unei paralele prin trasarea unei paralele
prin punctul de coordonate (1,63%) la dreapta valorilor experimentale. Valoarea lui se
citeste la intersectia acestei paralele cu dreapta .
Valorile obtinute:

140000 parametrul vietii caracteristice

1.3 parametru de forma (daca e<1, pericolul scade, curba descrescatoare)

0 parametru de pozitie
Cu valorile parametrilor legii Weibull, se determina fiabilitatea R(t), functia de repartitie
a timpului de functionare F(t), densitatea de probabilitate a timpului de functionare f(t)
si intensitatea de defectare z(t).
Pentru determinarea valorilor se folosesec relatiile:

F(t)= 1-R(t)

()
1

Valorile obtinute se afla in tabelul:


t(km)
0
2500
5000
7500
10000
12500
15000
17500
20000
22500
25000
27500
30000
32500
35000
37500
40000
42500
45000
47500
50000
52500
55000
57500
60000
62500
65000
67500
70000
72500
75000
77500
80000
82500
85000
87500
90000
92500
95000
97500
100000
102500
105000
107500
110000
112500

ExponentR(t)
0
-0.005337717
-0.013143002
-0.022264513
-0.032361866
-0.043253033
-0.054821661
-0.066985841
-0.079684261
-0.092869012
-0.106501461
-0.120549678
-0.134986764
-0.14978969
-0.164938489
-0.180415648
-0.196205665
-0.212294705
-0.228670332
-0.245321294
-0.262237357
-0.279409165
-0.296828126
-0.314486315
-0.3323764
-0.350491569
-0.368825481
-0.387372207
-0.406126198
-0.425082242
-0.444235433
-0.463581148
-0.483115016
-0.502832901
-0.522730881
-0.542805229
-0.563052402
-0.583469026
-0.60405188
-0.62479789
-0.645704114
-0.666767739
-0.687986066
-0.709356507
-0.730876578
-0.752543888

R(t)

F(t)
1
0.994676503
0.986942991
0.977981512
0.968156176
0.957669037
0.946653958
0.935208442
0.923407856
0.911312863
0.898973735
0.88643305
0.873727477
0.860889011
0.847945861
0.834923105
0.821843193
0.808726327
0.795590771
0.782453101
0.769328397
0.756230417
0.743171733
0.730163852
0.717217312
0.704341772
0.691546088
0.678838379
0.666226086
0.65371602
0.641314416
0.629026968
0.61685887
0.60481485
0.592899198
0.581115801
0.569468162
0.55795943
0.546592416
0.535369621
0.52429325
0.513365229
0.502587228
0.491960669
0.481486745
0.471166432

f(t)
0
0.005323497
0.013057009
0.022018488
0.031843824
0.042330963
0.053346042
0.064791558
0.076592144
0.088687137
0.101026265
0.11356695
0.126272523
0.139110989
0.152054139
0.165076895
0.178156807
0.191273673
0.204409229
0.217546899
0.230671603
0.243769583
0.256828267
0.269836148
0.282782688
0.295658228
0.308453912
0.321161621
0.333773914
0.34628398
0.358685584
0.370973032
0.38314113
0.39518515
0.407100802
0.418884199
0.430531838
0.44204057
0.453407584
0.464630379
0.47570675
0.486634771
0.497412772
0.508039331
0.518513255
0.528833568

Z(t)
0
0.0000027608
0.0000033726
0.0000037742
0.0000040731
0.0000043079
0.0000044978
0.0000046537
0.0000047828
0.0000048899
0.0000049786
0.0000050515
0.0000051108
0.0000051581
0.0000051948
0.0000052220
0.0000052406
0.0000052516
0.0000052557
0.0000052534
0.0000052454
0.0000052321
0.0000052140
0.0000051916
0.0000051650
0.0000051348
0.0000051012
0.0000050645
0.0000050249
0.0000049827
0.0000049382
0.0000048914
0.0000048427
0.0000047922
0.0000047401
0.0000046864
0.0000046315
0.0000045753
0.0000045181
0.0000044600
0.0000044010
0.0000043413
0.0000042810
0.0000042202
0.0000041589
0.0000040973

0
0.0000027756
0.0000034172
0.0000038592
0.0000042070
0.0000044983
0.0000047512
0.0000049761
0.0000051795
0.0000053658
0.0000055381
0.0000056987
0.0000058494
0.0000059916
0.0000061263
0.0000062544
0.0000063767
0.0000064937
0.0000066060
0.0000067141
0.0000068182
0.0000069187
0.0000070159
0.0000071101
0.0000072015
0.0000072902
0.0000073765
0.0000074605
0.0000075423
0.0000076222
0.0000077001
0.0000077762
0.0000078506
0.0000079234
0.0000079947
0.0000080645
0.0000081330
0.0000082001
0.0000082660
0.0000083306
0.0000083942
0.0000084566
0.0000085179
0.0000085783
0.0000086376
0.0000086961

115000
117500
120000
122500
125000
127500
130000
132500
135000
137500
140000
142500
145000
147500
150000
152500
155000
157500
160000
162500
165000
167500
170000
172500
175000
177500
180000
182500
185000
187500
190000
192500
195000
197500
200000
202500
205000
207500
210000
212500
215000
217500
220000
222500
225000
227500
230000
232500
235000
237500

-0.77435614
-0.79631112
-0.818406695
-0.840640809
-0.863011475
-0.885516777
-0.90815486
-0.930923932
-0.953822258
-0.976848156
-1
-1.02327621
-1.046675254
-1.070195647
-1.093835944
-1.117594743
-1.141470682
-1.165462433
-1.189568707
-1.213788249
-1.238119835
-1.262562274
-1.287114407
-1.3117751
-1.33654325
-1.36141778
-1.386397639
-1.411481801
-1.436669264
-1.461959047
-1.487350195
-1.512841772
-1.538432863
-1.564122573
-1.589910026
-1.615794366
-1.641774754
-1.667850368
-1.694020403
-1.720284072
-1.746640602
-1.773089236
-1.799629231
-1.826259859
-1.852980407
-1.879790173
-1.90668847
-1.933674624
-1.960747972
-1.987907864

0.461000505
0.450989546
0.441133956
0.431433968
0.421889657
0.412500947
0.403267623
0.394189338
0.385265621
0.376495887
0.367879441
0.359415489
0.351103139
0.342941416
0.334929257
0.327065526
0.319349016
0.311778452
0.304352501
0.297069771
0.28992882
0.282928157
0.27606625
0.269341524
0.26275237
0.256297146
0.249974182
0.243781779
0.237718218
0.231781758
0.225970641
0.220283093
0.214717329
0.209271553
0.203943961
0.198732741
0.193636081
0.188652163
0.18377917
0.179015287
0.174358701
0.169807602
0.165360187
0.16101466
0.156769233
0.152622127
0.148571572
0.144615812
0.140753102
0.13698171

0.538999495
0.549010454
0.558866044
0.568566032
0.578110343
0.587499053
0.596732377
0.605810662
0.614734379
0.623504113
0.632120559
0.640584511
0.648896861
0.657058584
0.665070743
0.672934474
0.680650984
0.688221548
0.695647499
0.702930229
0.71007118
0.717071843
0.72393375
0.730658476
0.73724763
0.743702854
0.750025818
0.756218221
0.762281782
0.768218242
0.774029359
0.779716907
0.785282671
0.790728447
0.796056039
0.801267259
0.806363919
0.811347837
0.81622083
0.820984713
0.825641299
0.830192398
0.834639813
0.83898534
0.843230767
0.847377873
0.851428428
0.855384188
0.859246898
0.86301829

0.0000040354
0.0000039733
0.0000039111
0.0000038489
0.0000037866
0.0000037244
0.0000036623
0.0000036004
0.0000035386
0.0000034772
0.0000034160
0.0000033552
0.0000032947
0.0000032347
0.0000031751
0.0000031160
0.0000030573
0.0000029992
0.0000029416
0.0000028846
0.0000028282
0.0000027724
0.0000027172
0.0000026627
0.0000026088
0.0000025555
0.0000025030
0.0000024511
0.0000023999
0.0000023494
0.0000022996
0.0000022505
0.0000022022
0.0000021546
0.0000021076
0.0000020615
0.0000020160
0.0000019713
0.0000019273
0.0000018840
0.0000018414
0.0000017996
0.0000017585
0.0000017181
0.0000016784
0.0000016394
0.0000016011
0.0000015636
0.0000015267
0.0000014905

0.0000087536
0.0000088103
0.0000088661
0.0000089211
0.0000089753
0.0000090288
0.0000090815
0.0000091336
0.0000091850
0.0000092357
0.0000092857
0.0000093352
0.0000093840
0.0000094322
0.0000094799
0.0000095270
0.0000095736
0.0000096197
0.0000096652
0.0000097103
0.0000097549
0.0000097990
0.0000098426
0.0000098858
0.0000099286
0.0000099709
0.0000100129
0.0000100544
0.0000100955
0.0000101362
0.0000101766
0.0000102166
0.0000102562
0.0000102955
0.0000103344
0.0000103730
0.0000104113
0.0000104492
0.0000104868
0.0000105241
0.0000105611
0.0000105978
0.0000106342
0.0000106703
0.0000107061
0.0000107417
0.0000107769
0.0000108119
0.0000108467
0.0000108812

240000
242500
245000
247500
250000

-2.015153661
-2.042484735
-2.069900471
-2.097400262
-2.124983513

0.133299919
0.129706025
0.126198342
0.122775197
0.119434937

0.866700081
0.870293975
0.873801658
0.877224803
0.880565063

0.0000014550
0.0000014202
0.0000013861
0.0000013526
0.0000013197

0.0000109154
0.0000109494
0.0000109831
0.0000110166
0.0000110499

Functia de fiabilitate R(t)


1

0.9

0.8

0.7

0.6

0.5

0.4

0.3

0.2

0.1

0
0

50000

100000

150000

200000

250000

Functia de nefiabilitate F(t)


1

0.9

0.8

0.7

0.6

0.5

0.4

0.3

0.2

0.1

0
0

50000

100000

150000

200000

250000

Densitatea de probabilitate f(t)


0.000006

0.000005

0.000004

0.000003

0.000002

0.000001

0
0

50000

100000

150000

200000

250000

Intensitatea de defectare Z(t)


0.000012

0.00001

0.000008

0.000006

0.000004

0.000002

0
0

50000

100000

150000

200000

250000

3.5

2.5

Ni

1.5

0.5

0
25000

75000

125000

t(km)

175000

215000