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TIMPURILE VERBELOR LIMBII ENGLEZE

Timpul The present tense simple

Forma Aff. Neg.

Cum se formeaz S + vb(prima form)

Meniuni

S + dont/doesnt + vb(prima form) Int. Do/Does + s + vb (prima form Ex: I always go to school every day. Aff. S + to be + vb-ing The present Neg. S + to be (negativ) + vb-ing tense continou Int. To be + s + vb-ing s Ex: I am going to the school now. Aff. S + shall/will + vb(short inf) The future Neg. S + shant/wont + vb(sh.inf) tense simple Int. Shall/Will + S + vb(sh.inf.) Ex: I will go to my parents next month. Aff. S + shall/will + be + vb-ing The future Neg. S+shant/willnt + be + vb-ing tense continou Int. Shall/will + S + be + vb-ing s Ex: They will be watching T.V. this time in week-end. Aff. S + vb-ed(VB REGULATE) The past S + vb(a doua coloana) tense Neg. S + didnt + sh. Int) simple Int. Did + S + vb(sh.int) Ex: I played football last year. Aff. S + was/wer + vb-ing The past tense Neg. S + wasnt/werent + vb-ing continou s Int. Was/Were + vb-ing

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Tomorrow, the day after tomorrow next year , next month.

Exprim o aciune viitoare n desfaurare ntr-un viitor.

Exprim o aciune care s-a desfurat i s-a ncheiat ntr-un moment trecut precizat (adv.timp): the day befor yesterday, last year.

Exprim o aciune trecut n desfurare : ,,this time yesterday Arat doua aciuni n desfurare simultan. Ex: While my brother was plaing football , I was listening the radio. Aff. S + had + vb(a-3-a forma)/ed Exprim o aciune care

The past perfect tense simple

Neg. Int.

S + hadnt + vb(a-3-a form)/ed

a avut loc i s-a petrecut naintea unui alt timp trecut.

Had + s + vb(a-3-a form) Ex: I had come home before my mother arrived from office. Aff. The past perfect tense continou s Neg. Int. S + had + been + vb-ing S + hadnt + been + vb-ing Had + s + been + vb-ing Exprim o aciune care s-a desfsurat continuu pe o perioada de timp i s-a ncheiat naintea unui alt timp.

Ex: I had been writing a letter for 20 minutes. The present perfect tense simple Aff. S + have/has + vb(a-3-a form) 1)Exprim o aciune ce a avut loc i s-a ncheiat ntr-un moment trecut care nu este precizat; rezultatele acestei aciuni se pot vedea n prezent. 2)Exprim o aciune care s-a ncheiat recent. 3)Exprim o aciune trecut care a avut loc intr-un moment trecut ce face parte dintr-o perioada de timp care nu s-a ncheiat nc. 4)Se folosete cu adverbele de frecven : always , sometime offen . 5)Exprim o aciune care tocmai s-a ncheiat : ,just 6)n propoziiile interogative se folosete adverbul ,,alreadypentru a arta uimirea vorbitorului.

Neg. S + havent/hasnt + vb(a-3-a form)/ed Int. Have/Has + s + vb(a-3-a form)/ed

Ex: 1) People have polueted the planet. 2) I have just done my homework. 3) My parents have alwais enjoi to country.

Aff. The present perfect tense continou s Neg. Int.

S + have/has + been + vb-ing S + havent/hasnt + been + vb-ing Have/Has + s + been + vb-ing

Exprim o aciune care a nceput n trecut i continu n prezent.

Ex: The boys have been plaing football for ten minutes.