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MODERN WOODEN CONSTRUCTIONS In the contest of the new international orientations concerning the use of wood (n ‘cansirctons at the making of certain elements and stractares of modern resistance, especially those made out of lamellate glued wood, simple or reinforced, the paper . Modern Wooden Constructions" shows a major practical interes, both fronta theoretical point of view and for is -muliple applications of echniced and constructive matter. ‘After a short presentation of the history, of the advantages and disadvantages of the buildings made out of wood, physical ~ mechanical characterises of wood and of the new Products based on wood are presented as well as the bases regarding the planning and the cnleulaion of elemens with simple and composed sections, the elaboration and the calculation Of joining, the Behaviour and the calewation of lamellae glued wood elements. Further on, prefabricated houses and wooden frameworks and retinance structures are presented, insisting (on the efficient wood and meta structures and on simple and reinforced latellate glued wood. ‘The paper was elaborated on the basis ofa rich bibliography ofthe results of rerearch and ‘experience i the wood constructions fleld, inside and ouside the counry, some of the author's ‘wm research being mentioned too. The paper contains as well numerous figures and a ‘comprehensive graphic and itustative material rick nsketche, solutions and detalls concerning the bung ofthe elements and the siructures of restance made out of wood. Prof.dr.ing. DUMITRU MARUSCIAC CONSTRUCTH MODERNE ON LEMN EDITURA TEHNICA ‘Bucuresti - 1997 " “ - -| Copyright © 1997 Editura Tehnies Adresa: EDITURA TEHINCA \ Pisja Presi Libor 1 PREFATA 38 Bucuresti, Romina Cod. 71341 Datorit muliplelor avanti pe care le previnttlemnul dn punct de vedere thle yh conse, oeeste a consitut tp decursul timpurtr unl dine prineiplele materiale de once tind lo boca reli anor important consi chileg igineret ‘a preven, lnon lamelt Ince, ret ingorva foul i bodega reprezial wud ine maerieledeconsrucl madrne tea pe scart to mal mare a reaizaeaelementlor sruturor de rected tn domenial concrucilor evil induct agricole ‘context noiior ortetrt pe pen mondial privnd wiizarea lena th construct la ‘ealzareaunor element srt! de recent moder, ndeoebi dale amelie, ‘big sas arma, lacarea, CONSTRUCTH MODERNE DIN LEMN" precitl wn interes Practc major, ad den punct de vedere tecret, ob siprin mulipee apes de odin tha gt j construct. Duplo scart precentare a torical avantyjlor$ dezavantajetor contractor di len, son precenate caracteritle ico mecanice ae lenis produselor noi pe baci de lem, taaekprvind proicaren 9 cleat elemeneor ex sefane simp i compush allies pt tu ufatinbinfor,comportareaf calcabl elementeor ds enn lamelat tela fn contnuare sunt precenate cate prefariete jl jarpante din ler, siruchr de recitenjt ds chemete plane 9h struct spoil insibndse agra sractrloreftente din lene meta, leas lmelet Incleiat obit garma, ‘Lucrarea aes elaboratt pe baze unl Bogatebblogral realtor cereal experayel 4 domantdconsreilor de lens ds ar snd find metonae panel recuaeale ‘ercitor prop aie ators cone de asec mancroase iba ft eiprinelor ‘nats gaffe yi Hara, Bogat in sch, soli ph deal pind redcaren cementelor ff Sirucenr de rece in lenin ‘rin conti sh, bcrares care sntlicetzd un bogat material documenta, reprecingl un ‘ndreiarponru ngnerif consirucior, special din cerectare,prolecar jt excife Totodet, ‘erarea re adres sudentlor~inginer de la sel de construc cle inde 1 ‘agricole, constuind un prefos material documenta pena deevoltres concept pial (practeal tort spect ts domentl contac, Redactor: ing. Adina Negoifi: AUTOR “ohnoredactoc Niseta Negi Copet: Simons Dumitresen Procesare computeriat: altura SEMNE Imprinare: Tipoprafa ,SEMNE 3d" Bun de spre 08041997; Cali de pan 1D | czar! ISBN: 97531-0924-x _ CUPRINS L Introducere 111. Leman, produs al puri, 42. Fondul forestier din Romdnia 13, Folostearafonall i valeriicarea soperioard a materaloluilemnos fn Romfaia LA, Seurt store al construtilor din lemn 415. Clasificarea constrgjilr din lemn 116. Avantajele si dezavantaele construtllor din ema 164. Avantajele consrusilor din lem 1.62. Dezavantajeleconstucilor din lemn 2. Materialle 4 earacteristele Ir 2.1. Materialllemnos folositin construct 24.1. Structura lemnulut 212. Clasificarea materailuilemnos 243 Defectelelemnului i categorit de material lemnos pentru construct 2.4.4, Contragerea sl umfarea lemnul 2.15. Putrezrea lemnuluisi misui de protect 2.1.6. Comportarea lemnulut la foe gi masuile de protectie contra incendulat 22, Lema neeiat 23, Produse noi pe basi de lenn foloste tn construe 23.1. Placaj de construci 23.2. Pll din afchii de lemn (PAL) 233, Pld din fibre de lena (PFL) 234, Lem stratifiat 13. Prolectarea 4 cleull elementolor de construct din Tern 34. Regul generale 32, Propretifi mecanice ale lemnului. 32.1. Comportarea lemnudui la diferitesolctti ‘322. Factor eareinflueneaz% comportara lemnului la difeite solicit 33, Caleuul elementelor constructor din ema 3.1. Princip fundamental de caleal 332. Caracterstici normate side caleul 34, Calcul elementelor dia len eu seeiune simpli 344. Elemente slictate a fatindere axial 3.42. Elemente solicitate ln compresiune axial 343, Elemente solictate a incovoiere S& 6 SSSRURERSBRER Y RBERGOSE S ARBsAsas,