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I wake up at 7 every day /m trezesc la 7 n fiecare zi


Daily activities / activiti zilnice
Adverbs of frequency /adverbe de frecven
Here are some very simple adverbs for expressing time. All of them refer to frequency. These adverbs are used with Present Simple. They are calledadverbs of frequency. always usually regularly normally often sometimes rarely seldom never ntotdeauna de obicei n mod regulat n mod normal deseori uneori rareori rareori niciodat

occasionally ocazional

e will continue with! several nouns expressing periods of time" then with times of the day" days of the wee#" months of the year" seasons" adverbs and" finally" verbs expressing daily activities.

Nouns Periods of time / substantive, perioade de timp


day wee# wee#end month year season zi sptm$n sf$rit de sptm$n lun an anotimp

Times of t e day / perioade ale zilei


morning afternoon evening night midday midnight diminea dup%amiaz sear noapte miezul zilei miezul nopii

Days of t e !ee" / zile ale sptm#nii


The days of the wee# are always written in capital letter. &onday Tuesday Thursday (riday )aturday )unday luni mari 'oi vineri s$mbt duminic

ednesday miercuri

$ont s of t e year / luni ale anului


The months of the year are always written in capital letter. *anuary (ebruary &arch April &ay *une *uly August +ctober ,ovember -ecember ianuarie februarie martie aprilie mai iunie iulie august octombrie noiembrie decembrie

)eptember septembrie

Seasons / anotimpuri
spring summer autumn winter primvar var toamn iarn

Adverbs / adverbe
every day daily wee#ly monthly yearly n fiecare zi zilnic sptm$nal lunar anual

once twice

o dat de dou ori

three times de trei ori

%erbs Daily activities / verbe, activiti zilnice


.to/ wa#e up .to/ ta#e a shower .to/ brush one0s teeth .to/ brush one0s hair .to/ wash one0s face .to/ shave .to/ get dressed .to/ eat brea#fast .to/ drin# a coffee .to/ leave for wor# .to/ go to wor# .to/ get on the bus .to/ ride the bus .to/ get off the bus .to/ drive the car .to/ wor# .to/ ta#e a brea# .to/ return home .to/ do the daily shopping .to/ ta#e a nap .to/ go for a wal# .to/ go out .to/ meet with friends .to/ watch T2 .to/ go to bed .to/ sleep .a/ .se/ trezi .a/ face un du .a/ .se/ peria pe dini .a/.%i/ peria prul .a/ .se/ spla pe fa .a/ .se/ brbieri .a/ .se/ mbrca .a/ lua micul de'un .a/ bea o cafea .a/ pleca la lucru .a/ merge la lucru .a/ se urca n autobuz .a/ merge cu autobuzul .a/ cobor din autobuz .a/ conduce maina .a/ munci 1 .a/ lucra .a/ face o pauz .a/ se ntoarce acas .a/ face cumprturile zilnice .a/ trage un pui de somn .a/ merge la plimbare .a/ iei n ora .a/ se nt$lni cu prietenii .a/ se uita la T2 .a/ merge la culcare .a/ dormi

.to/ read the newspaper .a/ citi ziarul

Present Simple / prezent simplu


1. 3resent )imple is the tense that refers to! repeated actions" preferences"&eneral
trut s and sc eduled events.

2. 3resent )imple requires the first form of the verb. .2erbs have three forms. 4ou will learn
about them in the following lessons./

' en do ( use Present Simple)


3resent )imple is used for repeated actions" preferences" general truths and scheduled events.

repeated actions 5 daily routine! 6 wa#e up at 7 every day. repeated actions 5 abits! 6 usually swim at the wee#end. li"es and disli"es! 6 li#e horror movies. &eneral trut s! ater boils at 899 degrees :elsius. &eneralizations! 3eople tal# too much. sc eduled events! The plane ta#es off at ;.

*o! do ( reco&nize Present Simple)


3resent )imple is often mar#ed by explicit or implicit adverbs or time expressions that indicate frequency.

always" usually" regularly" normally" often" sometimes" occasionally" rarely" seldom" never (a dverbs of frequency) every day < daily" every wee# < wee#ly" every month < monthly" every year < yearly once a day" twice a wee#" three times a month" four times a year in the morning" in the afternoon" in the evening" at night on &ondays" on Thursdays" on )aturdays etc.

Affirmative / (nterro&ative / Ne&ative


=ead the sentences in the next table. They are at 3resent )imple. Then read the following section 5 How do 6 form 3resent )imple> 5 to understand how 3resent )imple wor#s in the affirmative" interrogative and negative forms.

Affirmative +st person Sin&ular ,nd person Sin&ular -rd person Sin&ular

(nterro&ative

Ne&ative

6 !a"e up at 7 every day. Do 6 !a"e up at 7 every day>

6 do not !a"e up at 7 every day.

4ou li"e apples.

Do you li"e apples>

4ou do not li"e apples.

He plays football on Tuesdays. )he travels in summer.

Does he play football on Tuesdays> Does she travel in summer>

He does not play football on Tuesdays.

)he does not travel in 6t ta"es off at 9. Does it ta"e off at 9> summer. 6t does not ta"e off at 9.
+st person Plural ,nd person Plural

e pay our bills monthly.

Do we pay our bills monthly>

e do not pay our bills monthly. 4ou do not eat twice a day. They do not usually s"i in December.

4ou eat twice a day.

Do you eat twice a day>

-rd person Plural

They usually s"i in December.

Do they usually s"i in December>

*o! do ( form Present Simple) Affirmative


Sub.ect / %erb ( / 01112 e.g.! 6 (subject) wa#e up (verb) at 7 every day. 8st person" sg. ? 6 read daily. @rd person" sg. ? He reads daily. 8st person" sg. ? 6 often watch T2. @rd person" sg. ? He often watches T2.

=emember that!

(or the 8st person .sg. and pl./" the And person .sg. and pl./ and the @rdperson pl." the verb has the same form. +nly the @rd person sg. functions differently.

The verb is used in its first form" e.g.! I read. The first form is the infinitive form without to. At the @rd person sg." we add an s at the end of the verb" e.g.! He reads.

)ome verbs ta#e an es .instead of an s/ at the end for the @ rd person sg." e.g.!He watches TV.

The verbs to be and to have behave differently! a/ )ee how to use the verb to beB b/ The verb to have has an irregular form for the @rd person sg. ? He hasan apple.

Interrogative

Do

Does

Sub.ect

%erb

01112

e.g.! -o 6 (subject) wa#e up (verb) at 7 every day> 8st person" sg. ? Do 6 read daily> @rd person" sg. ? Does he read daily> 8st person" sg. ? Do 6 often watch T2> @rd person" sg. ? Does he often watch T2>

=emember that!

6n interrogative sentences" we use the auxiliary verbs do or does.

e use do for the 8st and And persons .sg. and pl./ and for the @ rd person pl.. e use does for the @rd person sg..

6n interrogative sentences" we do ,+T add s or es at the end of the verb for the @ rd person sg..

The short answer for a 3resent )imple question is!


o Affirmative! 3es, ( do .for I you we you they/ or 3es, e does.for he she it/ o ,egative! No, ( don4t < ,o" 6 do not .for I you we you they/ orNo, e doesn4t < ,o"

he does not .for he she it/

Negative
Sub.ect / Do Not / Does Not / %erb ( / 01112 e.g.! 6 (subject) do not wa#e up (verb) at 7 every day. 8st person" sg. ? 6 do not read daily. @rd person" sg. ? He does not read daily.

8st person" sg. ? 6 do not watch T2 often. @rd person" sg. ? He does not watch T2 often.

=emember that!

6n negative sentences" we use the auxiliary verbs do or does and the adverbnot.

e use do not for the 8st and And persons .sg. and pl./ and for the @ rd person pl.. use does not for the @ person sg..
rd

6n negative sentences" we do ,+T add s or es at the end of the verb for the @rd person sg..

The short form of do not is don4t. The short form of does not is doesn4t. e.g.!I don!t li"e horror movies. He doesn!t li"e action movies.

Adverb placement

3lace adverbs after the sub'ect and the verb. e.g.! 6 wal# every day. -o 6 wal#every day> 6 don0t wal# every day.

ith adverbs of frequency" things are a bit more complicated. 6t0s best to learn their placement through practice. Cisten to the audio tutorial in this lesson.

Surprise5

The first form of the verb is also called the #resent sim#le form. the infinitive form. $eldom is the more formal equivalent of rarely.

e also refer to it as to

e use phrasal verbs .verbs with more than one element/ in the @ rd person sg. li#e this! He wa"es u# at 6t ta"es off at D. ;.

e add s or es at the end of the main verb" not at the end of the entire phrasal verb. &ore details..

The first exercise in the Exercises section is a reading exercise. =ead it carefully 5 it is the first step in getting familiar with 3resent )imple.

2. Clara watched T yesterday / Clara s!a uitat la T ieri


Appliances 6 Devices / aparatur i dispozitive