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NORMATIV

PENTRU DIMENSIONAREA STRATURILOR BITUMINOASE


DE RANFORSARE A SISTEMELOR RUTIERE SUPLE I SEMIRIGIDE
(Metoda analitic )
INDICATIV AND 55
Ela!o"at de IPTANA # SEARC$
PRE EDINTE% In&' MIC$AEL M'STANCIU
VICEPRE EDINTE E(ECUTIV% In&' ION PREDESCU
VICEPRE EDINTE TE$NIC% In&' STEFAN $ARATAU
RESPONSABIL LUCRARE% D"'in&' GEORGETA FODOR
ADMINISTRA IA NA IONAL A DRUMURILOR
DIRECTOR GENERAL AD)UNCT% In&' CONSTANTIN GRIGOROIU
EF SERVICIU TE$NIC% In&' FLORIN DASC LU
A*i+at de% CTS , AND MT c- a*i+-l n"' ./01/20.2
NORMATIV PENTRU DIMENSIONAREA
STRATURILOR BITUMINOASE DE RANFORSARE A
SISTEMELOR RUTIERE SUPLE I SEMIRIGIDE
(Metoda analitic ) 333333333333333333333333333
INDICATIV
AND 55, ..
l' PREVEDERI GENERALE
4'4' P"e+ent-l no"5ati* 6e "e7e" la 5etoda analitic de di5en6iona"e a
6t"at-"ilo" !it-5inoa6e de "an7o"6a"e a 6i6te5elo" "-tie"e 6-8le i 6e5i"i&ide'
229946767.doc 1
Do5eni -l de a8lica"e
4'9' Ran7o"6 "ile c- 6t"at-"i !it-5inoa6e 6e incl-d :n acti*itatea de "e8a"a ii
c-"ente a d"-5-"ilo" 8-!lice i 6e e;ec-t 8ent"- 68o"i"ea ca8acit ii 8o"tante a
d"-5-"ilo"'
4'/' Nece6itatea "an7o"6 "ii 6i6te5-l-i "-tie" e6te dete"5inat de 6ta"ea te<nic
a ace6t-ia= con7o"5 8"e*ede"ilo" in6t"-c i-nilo" indicati* CD 455 i e6te
"e+-ltat :n -"5a -nei e;8e"ti+e te<nice'
4'>' Datele "e7e"itoa"e la 6ta"ea te<nic a d"-5-l-i *o" 7i e;t"a6e din !anca
cent"al de date te<nice "-tie"e i06a- 8"in 5 6-" "i e7ect-ate 8e te"en'
4'5' P"e*ede"ile no"5ati*-l-i 6e a8lica 6i la 6t" +i , d"-5-"ile 8-!lice din
int"a*ilan-l localit ilo"= condi ionat de a6i&-"a"ea condi iilo" de 6i6te5ati+a"e
8e *e"tical (cote o!li&ate la !o"d-"i= "i&ole= linii de t"a5*ai= inte"6ec ii= etc')= de
contin-itate a ci"c-la iei (inte"6ec ii la di6tan e de 5ini5-5 5 5) i de
condi iile te<nice i econo5ice 68eci7ice 6t" +ilo"'
4'1' Te"5inolo&ie= con7o"5 STAS >/904= c- -"5 toa"ele co58let "i%
, acti*itat ea de :nt"e ine"e a d"-5-"ilo" 8-!lice , totalitatea
l-c" "ilo" 7i+ice de inte"*en ie (dete"5inate de -+-" 6a- de
de&"ada"ea :n condi ii no"5ale de e;8loata"e a d"-5-"ilo" i
8od-"ilo" de o6ea)= ca"e a- ca 6co8 5en ine"ea condi iilo" te<nice
nece6a"e de67 -" "ii ci"c-la iei :n condi ii de 6i&-"an = 8"ec-5 i :n
6ta"e 8e"5anent de c-" enie i c- a68ect e6tetic la ni*el-l
t"a7ic-l-i e;i6tent?
EIa!o"at de%
IPTANA # SEARC$
A8"o!at de%
MINISTERUL TRANSPORTURILOR
ADMINISTRA IA NA IONAL A
DRUMURILOR
c- a*i+-l n"' ./01/20.2
, acti*itat ea de "e8a"a ii i d"-5-"ilo" 8-!lice , totalitatea
l-c" "ilo" 7i+ice de inte"*en ie= ca"e a- ca 6co8 co58en6a"ea 8a" ial
6a- total a -+-"ii 7i+ice i 5o"ale 8"od-6e ca -"5a"e a e;8loat "ii
no"5ale 6a- a ac i-nii a&en ilo" de 5edi-= "idica"ea ca"acte"i6ticilo"
te<nice la ni*el-l i58-6 de t"a7ic-l 5a;i5 8ent"- n-5 "-l de !en+i
de ci"c-la ie e;i6tente= "e7ace"ea 6a- :nloc-i"ea de ele5ente= detalii
6a- 8 " i de con6t"-c ii ie ite din -+= ca"e a7ectea+ "e+i6ten a=
6ta!ilitatea= 6i&-"an a :n e;8loata"e i 8"otec ia 5edi-l-i%
, an-l 5ode"ni + "ii d"-5-l -i , an-l :n ca"e a 7o6t e7ect-at
a5ena@a"ea co58le; a d"-5-l-i= 8"in e;ec-ta"ea i a -n-i 6i6te5
"-tie" c- :5!" c 5inte 5ode"n (6i6te5 "-tie" 6-8l- 6a- 6e5i"i&id )?
, de7o"5a i e 68eci 7ic , no i-ne 8"in ca"e 6e de7ine te 6ta"ea de
de7o"5a ie 68a ial :nt",-n 6i6te5 "-tie" 6-8-6 -nei :nc "c "i 8e
6-8"a7a a d"-5-l-i' In conte;t-l ace6t-i no"5ati*= 6i6te5-l "-tie"
e6te con6ide"at -n 5edi- 5-lti,6t"at ela6tic linia"= ia" :nc "ca"ea
229946767.doc 2
e6te dat de 6a"cina 6tatic a 6e5io6iei 6tanda"d (5A=5 BN)= ca"e
e;e"cit o 8"e6i-ne *e"tical -ni7o"5 de =195 MPa 8e o 6-8"a7a
ci"c-la" c- "a+a de =4A4 5'
P"o&"a5-l CALDEROM (Calc-l-l De7o"5a iilo" 68eci7ice :n 6i6te5ele
"-tie"e :n Ro5Cnia) din Ane;a /= 8e"5ite calc-la"ea :n coo"donate
a;i6i5et"ice a6ociate 6a"cinii= a -"5 toa"elo" co58onente ale
ten6o"-l-i de7o"5a iilo" 68eci7ice ( ) :n 8-nctele c"itice ale 6i6te5-l-i
"-tie"%
, de7o"5a ia 68eci7ic o"i+ontal de :ntinde"e (
"
) la
!a+a 6t"at-"ilo" !it-5inoa6e?
, de7o"5a ia 68eci7ic *e"tical de co58"e6i-ne (
+
) la
ni*el-l 8 5Cnt-l-i de 7-nda"e'
Dn 6i6te5-l inte"na ional de -nit i (5= MPa)= de7o"5a iile 68eci7ice
a- -nitatea (505)= 7iind de o"din-l a =4''='5 5E5 6a-
l;l
,1
F5;4
,1
505' Pent"- 6i58li7ica"e'l;l
,1
"e8"e+int o
5ic"ode7o"5a ie= deci de7o"5a ia 68eci7ic e6te de 4'''5
5ic"ode7'
, 7i6-"a"e "e7l ecti * , 8"oce6-l de t"an65ite"e la 6-8"a7a a -nei noi
:5!" c 5inte !it-5inoa6e a 7i6-"ilo" i06a- a c" 8 t-"ilo" e;i6tente
:n *ec<ea :5!" c 5inte "-tie" = dato"at 6olicit "ilo" te"5ice i ale
t"a7ic-l-i= :n ca+-l 6i6te5elo" "-tie"e ce a- :n alc t-i"e 6t"at-"i din
a&"e&ate nat-"ale 6ta!ili+ate c- lian i <id"a-lici 6a- 8-++olanici 6a-
6t"at-"i !it-5inoa6e c- &"o6i5i 5a"i= c- 7i6-"i 6i c" 8 t-"i :n 8laci?
, 8e"ioada de 8e"68ecti * , 8e"ioada de ti58= e;8"i5at :n ani=
8ent"- ca"e 6e 6ta!ile te t"a7ic-l de calc-l al &"o6i5ii 6t"at-"ilo" de
"an7o"6a"e?
, 6ecto" o5o&en , 6ecto" de d"-5 ca"acte"i+at conco5itent 8"in
acelea i date 8"i*ind t"a7ic-l de calc-l= alc t-i"ea 6i6te5-l-i "-tie"=
6ta"ea de de&"ada"e a :5!" c 5intei !it-5inoa6e= ti8-l de 8 5Cnt=
ti8-l cli5ate"ic al +onei :n ca"e e6te 6it-at d"-5-l i "e&i5-l
<id"olo&ic al co58le;-l-i "-tie"?
, te58e"at -" a ec<i*al ent a 6t"at-"ilo" !it-5i noa6e , cea
8ent"- ca"e 6-5a de&"ad "ilo" 8"od-6e de 6olicit "ile t"a7ic-l-i 8e
8a"c-"6-l -n-i an= 8ent"- o di6t"i!- ie dat a te58e"at-"ilo"= e6te
e&al c- de&"ad "ile 8"od-6e de acelea i 6olicit "i ale t"a7ic-l-i= da"
8ent"- te58e"at-"a con6tant =
ec<
( GC)?
, t"a7ic de calc-l , n-5 "-l de o6ii 6tanda"d c- 6a"cina 8e o6ie de
445 BN= 8e !anda de ci"c-la ie cea 5ai 6olicitat = ec<i*alent
*e<ic-lelo" ca"e *o" ci"c-la 8e d"-5-l "an7o"6at 8e 8e"ioada de
8e"68ecti* '
4'A' Re7e"in e%
O"din-l M'T' n"'>/04..2 No"5e 8"i*ind :ncad"a"ea :n cate&o"ii a d"-5-"ilo"
na ionale (ane;a)'
O"din-l M'T' n"'>504..2 No"5e te<nice 8"i*ind 8"oiecta"ea= con6t"-i"ea i
5ode"ni+a"ea d"-5-"ilo" (ane;a)'
229946767.doc 3
SR 4A>,4,.A L-c" "i de d"-5-"i' DMBR C MIN I BITUMINOASE
CILINDRATE E(ECUTATE LA CALD' Condi ii te<nice
de calitate'
STAS 49>/, 22 Te"en de 7-nda"e' CLASIFICAREA I IDENTIFICAREA
P MHNTURILOR'
STAS 4A.04,. Ac i-nea 7eno5en-l-i de :n&<e , de+&<e la
l-c" "i de d"-5-"i' ADHNCIMEA DE DNG$E DN
COMPLE(UL RUTIER' P"e6c"i8 ii de calc-l'
STAS 4A.09,. Ac i-nea 7eno5en-l-i de :n&<e , de+&<e la
l-c" "i de d"-5-"i' PREVENIREA I REMEDIEREA
DEGRAD RILOR DIN DNG$E ,DEIG$E ' P"e6c"i8 ii
te<nice'
STAS A.A, A1 L-c" "i de d"-5-"i= STRATURI DE BAI DIN
MI(TURI BITUMINOASE CILINDRATE E(CUTATE LA
CALD' Condi ii te<nice &ene"ale de calitate'
CD /4,.> In6t"-c i-ni te<nice de8a"ta5entale 8ent"-
dete"5ina"ea 8"in de7lecto&"a7ie i de7lecto5et"ie
a ca8acit ii 8o"tante a d"-5-"ilo" c- 6i6te5e
"-tie"e 6-8le i 6e5i"i&ide'
CD 455, 21 In6t"-c i-ni te<nice de8a"ta5entale 8"i*ind
dete"5ina"ea 6t "ii te<nice a d"-5-"ilo"
5ode"ne'
AND 5>,.2 No"5ati* 8ent"- e*al-a"ea 6t "ii de de&"ada"e a
:5!" c 5in ii 8ent"- d"-5-"i c- 6t"-ct-"i "-tie"e
6-8le i 6e5i"i&ide'
AND 55>,.. No"5ati* 8"i*ind ad5ini6t"a"ea= e;8loata"ea=
:nt"e ine"ea i "e8a"a"ea d"-5-"ilo" 8-!lice'
9A No"5ati* de8a"ta5ental 8ent"- :nt"e ine"ea i
"e8a"a ia 6t" +ilo"'
4'2' Odat c- int"a"ea :n *i&oa"e a ace6t-i no"5ati*= 6e "e6t"Cn&e do5eni-l de
a8lica"ea al In6t"-c i-nilo" te<nice de8a"ta5entale 8ent"- di5en6iona"ea
6i6te5elo" "-tie"e "i&ide 6i ne"i&ide= indicati* P'D'4AA= :n 6en6-l ca 8"e*ede"ile
ca8itol-l-i III n- 6e a8lica la di5en6iona"ea 6t"at-"ilo" !it-5inoa6e de
"an7o"6a"e a 6i6te5elo" "-tie"e 6-8le 6i 6e5i"i&ide'
4'.' Ca alte"nati*a de di5en6iona"e a &"o6i5ii 6t"at-"ilo" !it-5inoa6e :n ca+-l
6t" +ilo"= 6e 8ot a8lica 8"inci8iile 6i "e&le5ent "ile te<nice din JP"oiect-l ti8 T /
494 Si6te5e "-tie"e ti8 "i&ide 6i 6-8le 8ent"- 6t" +i i "e68ecti* din JNo"5ati*-l
de8a"ta5ental 8ent"- :nt"e ine"ea i "e8a"a ia 6t" +ilo"= n"' 9AJ'
9' CONDI II TE$NICE
Alc t-i "ea 6t"at-"ilo" de "an7o"6a" e
9'4' St"at-"ile !it-5inoa6e de "an7o"6a"e 6-nt alc t-ite din%
, :5!" c 5inte !it-5inoa6a :n do-a 6t"at-"i= c- &"o6i5e 5a;i5 6-!
4/ c5?
229946767.doc 4
, :5!" c 5inte !it-5inoa6 :n do- 6t"at-"i i 6t"at de !a+ din
5i;t-" a67altic =c- &"o6i5e total e&al 6a- 5ai 5a"e de 4/ c5'
Ele5ent el e &eo5et"i ce ale 6t"at-"ilo" de "an7o"6a" e
9'9' G"o6i5ea totala 5ini5a con6t"-cti*a a :5!" c 5intei !it-5inoa6e e6te de
2= c5'
9'/' L-c" "ile la ca"e &"o6i5ea nece6a"a a 6t"at-"ilo" !it-5inoa6e de "an7o"6a"e
e6te 5ai 5ic de 2 c5 7ac 8a"te din acti*itatea de :nt"e ine"e a d"-5-"ilo"
8-!lice 6a- a 6t" +ilo" i *o" 7i t"atate :n con7o"5itate c- 8"e*ede"ile
No"5ati*-l-i 8"i*ind ad5ini6t"a"ea= e;8loata"ea= :nt"e ine"ea i "e8a"a"ea
d"-5-"ilo" 8-!lice i cele ale No"5ati*-l-i de8a"ta5ental 8ent"- :nt"e ine"ea i
"e8a"a ia 6t" +ilo"'
9'>' G"o6i5ea total 5a;i5 a 6t"at-"ilo" !it-5inoa6e de "an7o"6a"e 6e
6ta!ile te 8e !a+a e7icien ei econo5ico, 7inancia"e i de aloca"e a "e6-"6elo"
5ate"iale= :n co58a"a ie c- 6ol- ia de "an7o"6a"e c- :5!" c 5inte din !eton de
ci5ent'
9'5' Dn ca+-l :n ca"e &"o6i5ea total 5a;i5 a 6t"at-"ilo" !it-5inoa6e de
"an7o"6a"e de8 e te 42 c5= ia" e7icien a te<nico, econo5ic n- @-6ti7ic 6ol- ia
de "an7o"6a"e c- :5!" c 5inte din !eton de ci5ent= 6e 8"e*ede 6ol- ia de
"e7ace"e a 6i6te5-l-i "-tie"'
9'1' L i5ea 6t"at-"ilo" de "an7o"6a"e e6te cea 8"e* +-t :n 8"oiect'
9'A' Ele5entele &eo5et"ice ale :5!" c 5intei !it-5inoa6e 6-nt :n con7o"5itate
c- 8"e*ede"ile SR 4A>, 4= ia" cele ale 6t"at-l-i de !a+ din 5i;t-"a a67altic
con7o"5 STAS A.A'
/' PRINCIPII DE DIMENSIONARE
/'4' Di5en6iona"ea 6t"at-"ilo" !it-5inoa6e de "an7o"6a"e 6e !a+ea+ 8e
:nde8lini"ea conco5itenta a -"5 toa"elo" c"ite"ii%
, de7o"5a ia 68eci7ic de :ntinde"e ad5i6i!il la !a+a 6t"at-"ilo"
!it-5inoa6e?
, de7o"5a ia 68eci7ic de co58"e6i-ne ad5i6i!il la ni*el-l
8 5Cnt-l-i de 7-nda"e'
/'9' Metoda de di5en6iona"e 8e"5ite 6ta!ili"ea &"o6i5ii totale nece6a"e a
6t"at-"ilo" de "an7o"6a"e a6t7el :ncCt= "ata de de&"ada"e 8"in o!o6eal a
6t"at-"ilo" !it-5inoa6e 6 7ie 6-!-nita" = con7o"5 8ct'1'9= ia" de7o"5a"ea
8e"5anent a 8 5Cnt-l-i de 7-nda"e 6 n- de8 ea6c o *aloa"e ad5i6i!il = 8e
8e"ioada 8"el-c" "ii t"a7ic-l-i de calc-l= con7o"5 8ct'1'/'
/'/' Di5en6iona"ea 6t"at-"ilo" !it-5inoa6e de "an7o"6a"e i58-ne c-noa te"ea
-no" date 8"i*ind i6to"ia t"on6on-l-i de d"-5 ce -"5ea+ 6 7ie "an7o"6at i
an-5e%
, an-l 5ode"ni+ "ii d"-5-l-i i alc t-i"ea 6i6te5-l-i "-tie"?
, anii de e;ec- ie a -no" co*oa"e !it-5inoa6e i a -no" e*ent-ale
"an7o"6 "i -lte"ioa"e i &"o6i5ile ace6to" 6t"at-"i !it-5inoa6e'
/'/'4' Pent"- "e ea-a de d"-5-"i na ionale= ace6te date *o" 7i e;t"a6e din Banca
Cent"al de Date Te<nice R-tie"e'
229946767.doc 5
/'/'9' Pent"- celelalte "e ele de d"-5-"i 6a- de 6t" +i= ace6te date *o" 7i
o! in-te din 6it-a iile e;i6tente la ad5ini6t"ato"ii ace6to"a'
/'/'/' Ace6te date n- 6-nt di"ect i58licate :n 5etoda de di5en6iona"e a
6t"at-"ilo" de "an7o"6a"e= ci *o" 7i -tili+ate de 8"oiectant :n -"5 toa"ele 6co8-"i%
, 6ta!ili"ea 6ectoa"elo" o5o&ene de d"-5 din 8-nct-l de *ede"e al
5od-l-i de alc t-i"e a 6i6te5-l-i "-tie"?
, co"ela"ea 6t "ii de de&"ada"e a :5!" c 5intei !it-5inoa6e c-
d-"ata de e;8loata"e a d"-5-l-i i c- cea a 6t"at-l-i 6-8e"io" al
6i6te5-l-i "-tie"'
/'>' Pent"- di5en6iona"ea 6t"at-"ilo" !it-5inoa6e de "an7o"6a"e e6te nece6a" 6
6e e7ect-e+e :n 8"eala!il 6t-dii de te"en= :n *ede"ea o! ine"ii -"5 toa"elo" date%
, 6ta"ea de de&"ada"e a :5!" c 5intei !it-5inoa6e= :n con7o"5itate
c- 8"e*ede"ile in6t"-c i-nilo" indicati* CD 455 6a- ale No"5ati*-l-i
8ent"- e*al-a"ea 6t "ii de de&"ada"e a :5!" c 5in ii 8ent"-
d"-5-"i c- 6t"-ct-"i "-tie"e 6-8le i 6e5i"i&ide?
, 5od-l de alc t-i"e a 6t"at-"ilo" "-tie"e i &"o6i5ile ace6to"a?
, ca"acte"i6ticile &eote<nice ale 8 5Cnt-l-i de 7-nda"e?
, "e&i5-l <id"olo&ic al co58le;-l-i "-tie" (ti8-l 8"o7il-l-i t"an6*e"6al=
5od-l de a6i&-"a"e a 6c-"&e"ii a8elo" de 6-8"a7a = e;i6ten a i
6ta"ea di68o+iti*elo" de d"ena"e= ni*el-l a8ei 7"eatice)'
/'5' Datele o! in-te con7o"5 8ct' /'/ i /'> *o" 7i -tili+ate :n anali+a 6i6te5-l-i
"-tie" "an7o"6at la 6olicita"ea o6iei 6tanda"d= con7o"5 ca8'5'
/'1' Pe"ioadele de 6toca"e a ace6to" date 6-nt -"5 toa"ele%
, 5a;i5-5 42 l-ni :n ca+-l a-to6t" +ilo"= d"-5-"ilo" e;8"e6 i
d"-5-"ilo" e-"o8ene?
, 5a;i5-5 9> l-ni :n ca+-l 6t" +ilo" i al celo"lalte cate&o"ii de
d"-5-"i?
/'A' Eta8ele 8"inci8ale de calc-l 6-nt%
i' 6ta!ili"ea t"a7ic-l-i de calc-l= con7o"5 ca8'>?
ii' anali+a 6i6te5-l-i "-tie" "an7o"6at la 6olicita"ea o6iei 6tanda"d= con7o"5
ca8'5?
iii' 6ta!ili"ea co58o"t "ii 6-! t"a7ic a 6i6te5-l-i "-tie" e;i6tent "an7o"6at=
con7o"5 ca8'1'
/'2' Dn ca+-l 6i6te5elo" "-tie"e 6e5i"i&ide 6a- :n cel al 6i6te5elo" "-tie"e 6-8le=
a c "o" :5!" c 5inte 8"e+int de7ec i-ni dato"ate 8"oce6-l-i de 7i6-"a"e te"5ic
i dac &"o6i5ea 6t"at-"ilo" de "an7o"6a"e calc-lat con7o"5 ace6t-i no"5ati*
e6te 6-! 42 c5= 6e ado8t 8e !a+ de calc-le te<nico, econo5ice= -na din
-"5 toa"ele 5 6-"i= :n *ede"ea :ncetini"ii t"an65ite"ii la 6-8"a7a a noilo" 6t"at-"i
!it-5inoa6e= a 7i6-"ilo" din cont"ac ie te"5ic %
, o &"o6i5e total con6t"-cti* de 42c5?
, o 6ol- ie anti7i6-" i e;ec-ta"ea 6t"at-"ilo" de "an7o"6a"e'
/'.' Dn ca+-l :n ca"e 8a"a5et"-l de de&"ada"e al :5!" c 5intei !it-5inoa6e=
con7o"5 in6t"-c i-nilo" indicati* CD 455 e6te 5ai 5a"e de =5 6a- indicele
229946767.doc 6
&lo!al de de&"ada"e= con7o"5 no"5ati*-l-i indicati* AND 5>= e6te 5ai 5ic de
5= 6e 8oate 8"e*edea 8e !a+a -nei e;8e"ti+e te<nice= 8"in :nce"c "i i
dete"5in "i de la!o"ato"= -"5 toa"ea 6ol- ie%
, 7"e+a"ea 6t"at-"ilo" !it-5inoa6e 6-8e"ioa"e= alc t-ite din 5i;t-"i
a67altice ale c "o" ca"acte"i6tici 7i+ico,5ecanice n- :nde8line6c
condi iile din SR 4A>, 4?
, 8"e*ede"ea -n-i 6t"at anti7i6-" = :n ca+-l :n ca"e d-8 7"e+a"e=
6-8"a7a a 6t"at-l-i !it-5ino6 8"e+int 7i6-"i i c" 8 t-"i de ti8 D9
(7aian "i= 7i6-"i i c" 8 t-"i 5-lti8le 8e di"ec ii di7e"ite) 6a- de ti8
D/ (7i6-"i i c" 8 t-"i t"an6*e"6ale i lon&it-dinale)?
, e;ec-ta"ea 6t"at-"ilo" !it-5inoa6e de "an7o"6a"e= a c "o" &"o6i5e
*a 7i 6ta!ilit 8"in calc-le de di5en6iona"e'
>' STABILIREA TRAFICULUI DE CALCUL
>'4' La di5en6iona"ea 6t"at-"ilo" !it-5inoa6e de "an7o"6a"e 6e ia :n con6ide"a"e
t"a7ic-l de calc-l co"e68-n+ to" 8e"ioadei de 8e"68ecti* = e;8"i5at :n o6ii
6tanda"d de 445 BN= ec<i*alente *e<ic-lelo" ca"e *o" ci"c-la 8e d"-5'
>'9' O6ia 6tanda"d de 445 BN (o'6'l 45) 8"e+int -"5 toa"ele ca"acte"i6tici%
, 6a"cina 8e "otile d-!le% 5A=5 BN?
, 8"e6i-nea de contact% =195 MPa
, "a+a 6-8"a7e ei ci"c-la"e ec<i*alente
6-8"a7e ei de contact 8ne-, d"-5% =4A4 5
>'/' Pe"ioada de 8e"68ecti*a *a 7i indicat de !ene7icia"-l l-c" "ii' Se
"eco5and ado8ta"ea -nei 8e"ioade de 8e"68ecti* de 45 ani :n ca+-l
"an7o"6 "ii a-to6t" +ilo"= a d"-5-"ilo" e;8"e6 i a d"-5-"ilo" na ionale e-"o8ene
i de 4 ani :n ca+-l celo"lalte cate&o"ii de d"-5-"i na ionale' Dn ca+-l
d"-5-"ilo" @-de ene= co5-nale i *icinale= 8e"ioada de 8e"68ecti* 8oate 7i 5ai
5ic de 4 ani' Ea *a 7i 6ta!ilit :n cad"-l 8"i5ei 7a+e de 8"oiecta"e= a*Cnd-, 6e
:n *ede"e atCt t"a7ic-l act-al i e*ol- ia :n 8e"68ecti* a ace6t-ia= cCt i 6ta"ea
te<nic a d"-5-l-i'
>'>' T"a7ic-l de calc-l 6e 6ta!ile te 8e !a+a "e+-ltatelo" -lti5-l-i "ecen6 5Cnt
&ene"al de ci"c-la ie' Dn 7-nc ie de datele di68oni!ile 6e *a -tili+a -na din
-"5 toa"ele 5etode%
>'>'4' Sta!ili"ea t"a7ic-l-i de calc-l 8e !a+a 6t"-ct-"ii t"a7ic-l-i 5edi- +ilnic
an-al :n 8o6t-"ile de "ecen+a"e a7e"ente 6ecto"-l-i de d"-5 ca"e -"5ea+ 6a 7ie
"an7o"6at= l-Cnd-, 6e :n con6ide"a"e -"5 toa"ele &"-8e de *e<ic-le%
, a-toca5ioane i de"i*ate c- 9 o6ii?
, a-toca5ioane i de"i*ate c- / o6ii?
, a-toca5ioane i de"i*ate c- 8e6te / o6ii?
, a-to!-+e?
, "e5o"ci'
229946767.doc 7
T"a7ic-l de calc-l 6e e;8"i5 :n 5ilioane de o6ii 6tanda"d de 445 BN (5'o'6) i 6e
6ta!ile te c- "ela ia%
5 8
B"
K 8
B7
Nc L /15 ; 4
,1
; 8
8
; C
"t
; M n
B.5
; NNNN ; 7
eB
O (5'o'6)
BLl 9
Fo"5-l a 408a&' 2
:n ca"e%
/15 n-5 "-l de +ile calenda"i6tice dint",-n an?
8
8
8e"ioada de 8e"68ecti* = :n ani?
C
"t
coe7icient-l de "e8a"ti ie t"an6*e"6al = 8e !en+i de ci"c-la ie i an-5e%
, 8ent"- d"-5-"i c- do- i t"ei !en+i de ci"c-la ie C
"t
L =5?
, 8ent"- d"-5-"i CU 8at"- !en+i de ci"c-la ie C
"t
L =>5'
n
B.5
inten6itatea 5edie +ilnic an-al a *e<ic-lelo" din &"-8a B= con7o"5
"e+-ltatelo" "ecen6 5Cnt-l-i &ene"al de ci"c-la ie ("e68ecti* din an-l
4..5)?
8
BR
coe7icient-l de e*ol- ie al *e<ic-lelo" din &"-8a B= co"e68-n+ to" an-l-i de
da"e :n e;8loata"e a d"-5-l-i "an7o"6at= an-l R= 6ta!ilit 8"in inte"8ola"e 8e
!a+a datelo" din ta!elele 9
8
BF
coe7icient-l de e*ol- ie al *e<ic-lelo" din &"-8a B= co"e68-n+ to"
67C" it-l-i 8e"ioadei de 8e"68ecti* l-at :n con6ide"a ie (an-l F)= 6ta!ilit
8"in inte"8ola"e 8e !a+a datelo" din ta!elele 9=
7
eB
coe7icient-l de ec<i*ala"e al *e<ic-lelo" din &"-8a B :n o6ii 6tanda"d de 445
BN= con7o"5 ta!el-l-i 4?
Se 5en ionea+ c datele din ta!elele 4 i 9 6-nt o! in-te 8e !a+a "e+-ltatelo"
"ecen6 5Cnt-l-i &ene"al de ci"c-la ie din an-l 4..5' Ele *o" 7i "eact-ali+ate
d-8 7ieca"e "ecen6 5Cnt &ene"al de ci"c-la ie'
>'>'9' Sta!ili"ea t"a7ic-l-i de calc-l 8e !a+a t"a7ic-l-i 5edi- +ilnic an-al :n o6ii
6tanda"d de 445 BN= act-al i de 8e"68ecti* = c- "ela ia%
n
o'6'445R
K n
o'6'445F
Nc L /15 ; 4
,1
; 8
8
; c
"t
; NNNNNNNNNN (5'o'6)
9
Fo"5-l a 908a&' 2
:n ca"e%
/15= 8
8
i C
"t
a- 6e5ni7ica iile de 5ai 6-6?
229946767.doc 8
n
o'6'445R
n-5 "-l de o6ii 6tanda"d de 445 BN= co"e68-n+ to" an-l-i de
da"e :n e;8loata"e a d"-5-l-i "an7o"6at (an-l R)= 6ta!ilit
8"in inte"8ola"e?
n
o'6'445F
n-5 "-l de o6ii 6tanda"d de 445 BN= co"e68-n+ to" 67C" it-l-i
8e"ioadei de 8e"68ecti* l-at :n con6ide"a"e (an-l F)= 6ta!ilit
8"in inte"8ola"e'
>'>'/' Dn ca+-l d"-5-"ilo" 8e ca"e "ecen6 5Cnt-l de ci"c-la ie 6,a e7ect-at 8e
7ieca"e !and de ci"c-la ie= 8ent"- 6ta!ili"ea *ol-5-l-i de t"a7ic de calc-l 6e *o"
l-a :n con6ide"a"e "e+-ltatele "ecen6 5Cnt-l-i de 8e !anda cea 5ai 6olicitat '
Dn ace6t ca+= coe7icient-l de "e8a"ti ie t"an6*e"6al e6te C
"t
L l'
>'>'>' Dn ca+-l 6t" +ilo" i :n cel al d"-5-"ilo" @-de ene= co5-nale i *icinale= :n
6it-a ia :n ca"e 8e t"on6on-l de d"-5 6-8-6 "an7o"6 "ii n- a 7-nc ionat nici -n
8o6t de "ecen+a"e i n- e;i6t nici -n 8o6t de "ecen+a"e= :n *ede"ea 6ta!ili"ii
t"a7ic-l-i de calc-l e6te nece6a" 6 6e e7ect-e+e -n 6t-di- de t"a7ic'
>'>'5' Dn 6ta!ili"ea t"a7ic-l-i de calc-l 6e *a l-a :n con6ide"a"e :n cad"-l 6t-diilo"
de t"a7ic i 8o6i!ilitatea de at"a&e"e= ca -"5a"e a :5!-n t i"ii condi iilo" de
ci"c-la ie= a -nei 8 " i din t"a7ic-l de 8e d"-5-"ile e;i6tente :n +on = 8"ec-5 i
de 8e alte c i de co5-nica ie'
>'5' Modi7ica"ea 8e"ioadei de 8e"68ecti* = :n *ede"ea co"el "ii ace6teia c- data
d "ii :n e;8loata"e a d"-5-l-i "an7o"6at= i58lica "e6ta!ili"ea t"a7ic-l-i de calc-l
i :n con6ecin = "edi5en6iona"ea 6t"at-"ilo" !it-5inoa6e de "an7o"6a"e'
Coe7i ci en ii de ec<i*al a"e :n o6ii 6tanda"d de 445 BN
Ta!el-l 4
G"-8a de *e<ic-le
Ve<ic-l "e8"e+entati* Coe7icien i de
ec<i*ala"e :n
o6ii
Ti8 Sa"cini 8e o6ii 6tanda"d de 445
BN
A-toca5ioane i
de"i*ate c- 9 o6ii
R24/5 >5BNK2BN =/
A-toca5ioane i
de"i*ate c- / o6ii
R4.945 19BNK9;2BN =>>
A-toca5ioane i
de"i*ate c- 8e6te
/ o6ii
4ATM9 19BNK4BNK9;2BN 4=9
De"i*ate c- 8e6te
4.ATM9P 19BNK9;2BNK4BNK4
BN
4=14
A-to!-+e R444RD 5BNK4BN =1>
Re5o"ci 9R5A >2BNK>2BN =1
P Ve<ic-l "e8"e+entati* 8ent"- ec<i*ala"ea t"a7ic-l-i 8e d"-5-"ile inte"na ionale
( E )
229946767.doc 9
Coe7i ci en i de e*ol- ia t"a7ic-l -i "-tie"
:n 8e"ioada 4..5 # 945
Coe7ici en i 5edii 8e "e ea-a de d"-5-"i 8-!lice
Coe7i ci en i 5ini 5ali
Ta!el-l 9
An-
G"-8a de *e<ic-le
Biciclete
i
5otocicle
te
A-tot-"i65e=
5ic"o!-+e=
a-toca5ione
te
A-toca5'
C- 9 o6ii
A-toca5'
C- / o6ii
A-toca5'
C- 8e6te /
o6ii
A-to!-+e T"actoa"e Re5o"ci Ve<' C-
t"ac'
ani5al
Tota
l
*e<'
4..
5
4' 4' 4' 4' 4' 4' 4' 4' 4' 4'
9

'. 4'9 4'9 4' 4'9 4'/ 4' 4'9 4' 4'9
9
5
'. 4'1 4'5 4'4 4'1 4'2 4' 4'A '2 4'5
94

'. 9'4 9' 4'9 9' 9'> 4'4 9'/ 'A 4'.
94
5
4' 9'A 9'1 4'> 9'5 /'4 4'4 /' '1 9'1
5' ANALIIA SISTEMULUI RUTIER RANFORSAT LA SOLICITAREA OSIEI
STANDARD
5'4' Sol- ia t"on6on-l-i de d"-5 :n 6ectoa"e o5o&ene 6e e7ect-ea+ 8"in
anali+a"ea datelo" de la 8ct'/'/ 6i /'>'
5'4'9' Dn ca+-l :n ca"e 8ent"- t"on6on-l "e68ecti* de d"-5 6e di68-ne de
"e+-ltatele -no" 5 6-" "i de de7o"5a!ilitate= :58 " i"ea :n 6ectoa"e o5o&ene
6e e7ect-ea+ con7o"5 8"e*ede"ilo" din Ane;a 4'
5'9' Si6te5-l "-tie" e;i6tent e6te ca"acte"i+at= 8ent"- 7ieca"e 6ecto" o5o&en de
d"-5= 8"in &"o6i5ea 7iec "-i 6t"at "-tie" i 8"in ca"acte"i6ticile de
de7o"5a!ilitate ale 5ate"ialelo" din 6t"at-"ile "-tie"e 6i ale 8 5Cnt-l-i de
7-nda"e (5od-l-l de ela6ticitate dina5ic= E= :n MPa i coe7icient-l l-i Poi66on= )'
5'9'4' Mod-l de alc t-i"e al 6i6te5-l-i "-tie" e;i6tent 6e 6ta!ile te atCt 8e !a+a
doc-5enta iilo" e;i6tente i a i6to"iei l-c" "ilo" de :nt"e ine"e= cCt i 8e !a+ de
6onda@e' N-5 "-l nece6a" de 6onda@e 6e 6ta!ile te 8e " 68-nde"ea
in*e6tito"-l-i i a 8"oiectant-l-i= :n 7-nc ie de l-n&i5ea 6ectoa"elo" o5o&ene de
d"-5 i t"e!-ie con6e5nat :nt",-n doc-5ent :ntoc5it la 7a a loc-l-i' Dn ca+-l :n
ca"e e;i6t "e+-ltate ale -no" 5 6-" "i de de7o"5a!ilitate= 6e "eco5and ca
6onda@ele 6 7ie e7ect-ate :n +one ca"acte"i+ate 8"in *alo"i ale de7le;i-nii
a8"o8iate de de7le;i-nea ca"acte"i6tic '
229946767.doc 10
Dn calc-le 6e ado8t &"o6i5ile 5edii ale 6t"at-"ilo" "-tie"e 8ent"- 7ieca"e 6ecto"
o5o&en de d"-5'
5'9'9' Valo"ile de calc-l ale 5od-l-l-i de ela6ticitate dina5ic 8ent"- ti8-"ile de
8 5Cnt 6-nt 8"e+entate :n ta!el-l /= :n 7-nc ie de ti8-l cli5ate"ic al +onei i de
"e&i5-l <id"olo&ic al co58le;-l-i "-tie"'
Ti8-"ile de 8 5Cnt= :n con7o"5itate c- STAS 49>/= 6-nt 8"e+entate :n ta!el-l >'
Ti8-l cli5ate"ic al +onei e6te a" tat :n 7i&-"a 4'
Re&i5-l <id"olo&ic 6e di7e"en ia+ a6t7el%
, "e&i5-l <id"olo&ic 4= co"e68-n+ to" condi iilo" <id"olo&ice FAVORABILE=
con7o"5 STAS 4A.09?
, "e&i5-l <id"olo&ic 9= co"e68-n+ to" condi iilo" <id"olo&ice MEDIOCRE i
DEFAVORABILE= con7o"5 STAS 4A.09'= notat c-%
a% 8ent"- 6ectoa"e de d"-5 6it-ate :n "a5!le- c- :n l i5ea
5ini5 de
4= 5?
!% 8ent"- 6ectoa"e de d"-5 6it-ate :n "a5!le- c- :n l i5ea 6-! 4
5= la
ni*el-l te"en-l-i= :n 8"o7il 5i;t 6a- de!le-'
Fi&-"a 4' $a"ta c- "e8a"ti ia ti8-"ilo" cli5at e"i ce 8e te"ito"i -l
Ro5Cni ei
(Pa&' 49)
Valo"il e de calc-l ale 5od-l -l -i de ela6ti citat e dina5i c
al 8 5Cnt -l -i de 7-nda"e
Ta!el-l /
Ti8-l Re&i5-l Ti8-l 8 5Cnt-l-i
P
4
P
9
P
/
P
>
P
5
E8= MPa
4 A 2 2
I 9a 15 A5
9! . A A
4 2 2
II 9a 4 15 A
9! 2 A
4 . 1 55 2
III 9a 2 5 15
229946767.doc 11
9!
Ti8-"il e de 8 5Cnt 8e !a+a cla6i7ic "ii 8 5Cnt -"il o"
con7o"5 STAS 49>/
Ta!el-l >
Cate&o"ia
8 5Cnt-l
-i
Ti8-l
de
8 5Cnt
Cla6i7ica"ea
8 5Cnt-"ilo"
con7o"5
STAS 49>/
Indicile
de
8la6ticita
te I8Q
Co58o+i ia &"an-lo5et"ic
A"&il Q P"a7 Q Ni6i8 Q
Necoe+i*e P
4
Piet"i c-
ni6i8
6-! 4 c- 6a- 7 " 7"ac i-ni 6-! =5
55
P
9
4'''9 c- 7"ac i-ni 6-! =5 55
P
/
Ni6i8 8" 7o6=
ni6i8 a"&ilo6
'''9 '''/ '''5 /5'''4
Coe+i*e
P
>
P"a7= 8"a7
ni6i8o6= 8"a7
a"&ilo6= 8"a7
a"&ilo6
ni6i8o6
'''95 '''/ /5''' 4 '''5
P
5
A"&il = a"&il
8" 7oa6 =
a"&il
ni6i8oa6 '=
a"&il
8" 7oa6
8e6te 45 /''' 4 '''A '''A
Valoa"ea de calc-l a coe7icient-l-i l-i Poi66on 6e 6ta!ile te :n 7-nc ie de ti8-l
8 5Cnt-l-i= con7o"5 ta!el-l-i 5'
Valo"ile de calc-l ale coe7i ci ent-l -i I-i Poi66on 8ent"- 8 5Cnt -"i
Ta!el-l 5
Ti8-l de 8 5Cnt P
4
P
9
P
/
P
>
P
5
Coe7icient-l l-i Poi66on =9A =/ =/ =/5 =>9
5'9'/' Valoa"ea de calc-l a 5od-l-l-i de ela6ticitate dina5ic al !ala6t-l-i ( E
!
)
6e 6ta!ile te c- "ela ia%
E
!
= =9 <
!
=>5
; E
8
(MPa)
Fo"5-l 8a&' 4>
:n ca"e%
<
!
, &"o6i5ea 6t"at-l-i de !ala6t= :n 55?
229946767.doc 12
E
8
, 5od-l-l de ela6ticitate dina5ic al 8 5Cnt-l-i de 7-nda"e= :n MPa=
con7o"5
8ct' 5'9'9'
Coe7icient-l l-i Poi66on 8ent"- !ala6t e6te de =9A'
5'9'>' Valo"ile de calc-l ale 5od-l-l-i de ela6ticitate dina5ic 6i ale coe7icient-l-i
l-i Poi66on 8ent"- 5ate"ialele din 6t"at-"ile de !a+a 6i de 7-nda ie e;i6tente 6e
6ta!ile6c con7o"5 ta!el-l-i 1'
Valo"il e de calc-l ale ca"act e"i 6ti cilo" de de7o"5a!ilitat e 8ent"-
6t"at-"il e de !a+
i de 7-nda ie
Ta!el-l 1
Den-5i"ea 5ate"ial-l-i E
MPa

Macada5 8enet"at 4 =9A


Macada5 1 =9A
A&"e&ate nat-"ale
6ta!ili+ate c- ci5ent
1 =9A
Piat" 68a"t cilind"at >P =9A
Pa*a@e /5 =9A
Bolo*ani 9 =9A
P Nota% Dn ca+-l :n ca"e 8iat"a 68a"t cilind"at con6tit-ie -n 6t"at in7e"io" de 7-nda ie=
5od-l-l ela6ticitate dina5ic 6e 6ta!ile te con7o"5 8-nct-l-i 5'9'/'
5'9'5' Valo"ile de calc-l ale 5od-l-l-i de ela6ticitate dina5ic al 5i;t-"ilo"
a67altice din 6t"at-"ile !it-5inoa6e e;i6tente 6-nt :n 7-nc ie de ti8-l cli5ate"ic i
de 8a"a5et"-l de de&"ada"e al :5!" c 5intei= con7o"5 ta!el-l-i A'
Valo"il e de calc-l ale 5od-l -l -i de ela6ti citat e dina5i c
al 5i;t-"ii a67al tice
Ta!el-l A
Pa"a5et"-l de
de&"ada"e al
:5!" c 5intei
!it-5inoa6e= con7o"5
in6t"-c i-nilo" indicati*
Indicele &lo!al de
de&"ada"e=
con7o"5
no"5ati*-l-i
AND5>
Ti8 cli5ate"ic
IKII III
E= MPa
229946767.doc 13
S-! =4 Pe6te 25 // >A
=4, =/ 15,25 / /2
Pe6te =/ S-!15 95 /
Valoa"ea de calc-l a coe7icient-l-i l-i Poi66on e6te =/5'
5'/' Valo"ile de calc-l ale 5od-lilo" de ela6ticitate dina5ici ai 5ate"ialelo" din
6t"at-"ile "-tie"e i ai 8 5Cnt-l-i de 7-nda"e 6-nt *alo"i 5ini5e=
co"e68-n+ toa"e -nei 8"o!a!ilit i de 25 Q' Dn *ede"ea 6ta!ili"ii *alo"ilo" ace6to"
ca"acte"i6tici= 68eci7ice 6ecto"-l-i de d"-5 anali+at= 6e "eco5and dete"5ina"ea
lo" 8e !a+a "e+-ltatelo" 5 6-" "ilo" c- de7lecto5et"e c- 6a"cin dina5ic =
7olo6ind 8"o&"a5e de calc-l'
5'>' St"at-"ile !it-5inoa6e de "an7o"6a"e 6-nt ca"acte"i+ate 8"in &"o6i5ea
7iec "-i 6t"at i 8"in *alo"ile 5od-l-l-i de ela6ticitate dina5ic i cele ale
coe7icient-l-i l-i Poi66on'
5'>'4' G"o6i5ea 6t"at-"ilo" !it-5inoa6e de "an7o"6a"e 6e e6ti5ea+ = :n
con7o"5itate c- 8ct' 9'4' Se "eco5and ado8ta"ea 8ent"- o 8"i5 7a+ a
calc-lelo" de di5en6iona"e= a -nei &"o6i5i 5ini5e de 2 c5'
5'>'9' St"at-"ile !it-5inoa6e de "an7o"6a"e 6-nt ca"acte"i+ate 8"in *alo"ile
5od-l-l-i de ela6ticitate dina5ic= con7o"5 ta!el-l-i 2= :n 7-nc ie de ti8-l
6t"at-l-i !it-5ino6 i de ti8-l cli5ate"ic'
Valoa"ea de calc-l a coe7icient-l-i l-i Poi66on e6te de =/5 8ent"- toate ti8-"ile
de 5i;t-" a67altic '
5'>'/' Deoa"ece "an7o"6a"ea 6t"-ct-"ii "-tie"e 8"e6-8-ne :n &ene"al 8"e*ede"ea
5ai 5-lto" 6t"at-"i !it-5inoa6e= :n calc-le 6e ado8t &"o6i5ea total a ace6to"a
i *aloa"ea 5od-l-l-i de ela6ticitate dina5ic 5edi- 8onde"at (E5= MPa)=
calc-lat c- "ela ia%
E5 L [ (E
i

40/
; <
i
) 0 <
i
O
/
(MPa)
Fo"5-l 8a&' 45
:n ca"e%
E
i
, 5od-l-l de ela6ticitate dina5ic al 5i;t-"ii a67altice din 6t"at-l i= :n MPa?
$
I
, &"o6i5ea 6t"at-l-i i= :n c5'
Valo"il e de calc-l ale 5od-l -l -i de ela6ti citat e dina5i c
al 5i;t-"ilo" a67al ti ce din 6t"at-"il e !it-5i noa6e de "an7o"6a" e
Ta!el-l 2
Ti8-l 6t"at-l-i Ti8 cli5ate"ic
IKII III
E=MPa
229946767.doc 14
U+-"a= SR 4A>04 /1 >9
Le& t-" = SR 4A>04 / /1
St"at de !a+ = STAS A.A 5 51
5'>'>' Valo"ile din ta!el-l 2 6-nt co"e68-n+ toa"e 5i;t-"ilo" a67altice din
6t"at-"ile de -+-"a i de le& t-" ale :5!" c 5intei !it-5inoa6e= ca"e
:nde8line6c condi iile de calitate din SR4A>, 4 i 5i;t-"ii a67altice cilind"ate=
e;ec-tate la cald= din 6t"at-l de !a+ = ca"e :nde8line te condi iile de calitate din
STAS A.A' Dn ca+-l :n ca"e co58o+i ia 5i;t-"ii a67altice dint",-n 6t"at *a 7i
di7e"it de cea din 8"e6c"i8 iile te<nice le&ale :n *i&oa"e= *alo"ile de calc-l ale
5od-l-l-i de ela6ticitate dina5ic *o" 7i 6ta!ilite c- Ec<i8a5ent-l co58le;
8ent"- te6ta"ea :n "e&i5 dina5ic a 5i;t-"ilo" a67altice'
5'5' Anali+a 6t"-ct-"ii "-tie"e "an7o"6ate la 6olicita"ea o6iei 6tanda"d co58o"t
calc-l-l c- 8"o&"a5-l CALDEROM al -"5 toa"elo" co58onente ale de7o"5a iei%
, de7o"5a ia 68eci7ic o"i+ontal de :ntinde"e la !a+a 6t"at-"ilo"
!it-5inoa6e (
"
)= :n 5ic"ode7o"5a ii?
, de7o"5a ia 68eci7ic *e"tical de co58"e6i-ne= la ni*el-l 8at-l-i d"-5-l-i
(
+
)= :n 5ic"ode7o"5a ii'
5'5'4' S-8o"t-l 7i+ic al 8"o&"a5-l-i CALDEROM 6e & 6e te :n di6c<et = 8a"te
inte&"ant din no"5ati*'
5'5'9' Mod-l de -tili+a"e a 8"o&"a5-l-i de calc-l CALDEROM e6te dat :n Ane;a
9'
5'5'/' Calc-lele 6e e7ect-ea+ :n -"5 toa"ele 8-ncte%
n
, 8ent"-
"
" L (c5) +
4
L <
i'5'a'
(c5)
i =4
:n ca"e%
<
i'5'a'
, &"o6i5ea 7iec "-i 6t"at !it-5ino6 e;i6tent i a 6t"at-"ilo" de
"an7o"6a"e= :n c5?
, 8ent"-
+
" L (c5) +
9
L $ K <
SR
(c5)
:n ca"e%
$ , &"o6i5ea total a 6i6te5-l-i "-tie" e;i6tent= :n c5?
<
SR
, &"o6i5ea total a 6t"at-"ilo" !it-5inoa6e de "an7o"6a"e= :n c5'
1' STABILIREA COMPORT RII SUB TRAFIC A SISTEMULUT RUTIER
E(ISTENT RANFORSAT
1'4' Sta!ili"ea co58o"t "ii 6-! t"a7ic a 6i6te5-l-i "-tie" "an7o"6at a"e d"e8t 6co8
calc-la"ea &"o6i5ii 6t"at-"ilo" !it-5inoa6e de "an7o"6a"e 8ent"- ca"e 6-nt
"e68ectate c"ite"iile de di5en6iona"e= con7o"5 8ct'/'4'
229946767.doc 15
1'9' C"ite"i-l de7o"5a iei 68eci7ice de :ntinde"e ad5i6i!ile la !a+a 6t"at-"ilo"
!it-5inoa6e e6te "e68ectat dac "ata de de&"ada"e 8"in o!o6eal (RDO) a"e o
*aloa"e 5ai 5ic 6a- e&al c- (RDO) ad5i6i!il '
1'9'4' Rata de de&"ada"e 8"in o!o6eal 6e calc-lea+ c- "ela ia%
RDO L Nc0N
ad5
(/)
Fo"5-l a /08a&' 4A
:n ca"e%
Nc , t"a7ic-l de calc-l= :n o6ii 6tanda"d de 445 BN= :n 5'o'6'?
N
ad5
, n-5 "-l de 6olicit "i ad5i6i!il= :n 5'o'6'= ca"e 8oate 7i 8"el-at de
6t"at-"ile !it-5inoa6e= co"e68-n+ to" 6t "ii de de7o"5a ie la !a+a
ace6to"a'
1'9'9' N-5 "-l de 6olicit "i ad5i6i!il= ca"e 8oate 6 7ie 8"el-at de 6t"at-"ile
!it-5inoa6e= 6e 6ta!ile te c- a@-to"-l le&ilo" de o!o6eal a 5i;t-"ii a67altice= :n
7-nc ie de cate&o"ia d"-5-l-i 6a- a 6t" +ii= 6ta!ilit :n con7o"5itate c-
8"e*ede"ile no"5elo" de la 8ct' 4'A i de t"a7ic-l de calc-l i an-5e= c- "ela iile%
a' , a-to6t" +i i d"-5-"i e;8"e6?
, d"-5-"i na ionale e-"o8ene?
, d"-5-"i i 6t" +i c- t"a7ic de calc-l 5ai 5a"e de 4 5'o'6 (4 ; 4
1
o'6'
445)%
N
ad5
= >=9A ; 4
2
;
"
,/'.A
(5'o'6') (>a)
Fo"5-l a >a08a&' 4A
!' , d"-5-"i i 6t" +i c- t"a7ic de calc-l cel 5-lt e&al c- 4 5'o'6' (4 ; 4
1
o'6' 445)%
N
ad5
= 9>=5 ; 4
2
;
"
/
,
.A
(5'o'6') (>!)
Fo"5-l a >!08a&' 4A
1'9'/' N-5 "-l de 6olicit "i ad5i6i!il ale o6iei 6tanda"d de 445 BN 8oate 6 7ie
6ta!ilit i c- a@-to"-l dia&"a5ei din 7i&'9'
Fi&-"a 9 Dia&"a5a de 6ta!ili"e a n-5 "-l -i de 6olicit "i ad5i6i !il :n
7-nc ie de de7o"5a i a 68eci 7ic "adi al de :ntinde"e la !a+a
6t"at-"ilo" !it-5i noa6e
1'9'>' G"o6i5ea nece6a" a 6t"at-"ilo" !it-5inoa6e de "an7o"6a"e e6te cea
8ent"- ca"e 6e "e68ecta condi ia?
RDO R RDO ad5'
Fo"5-l 08a&' 42
:n ca"e RDO ad5i6i!il a"e -"5 toa"ele *alo"i%
, 5a;' =2 8ent"- a-to6t" +i i d"-5-"i e;8"e6?
, 5a;' =25 8ent"- d"-5-"i na ionale e-"o8ene?
229946767.doc 16
, 5a;' =. 8ent"- d"-5-"i na ionale 8"inci8ale i 6t" +i?
, 5a;' =.5 8ent"- d"-5-"i na ionale 6ec-nda"e?
, 5a;' 4= 8ent"- d"-5-"i @-de ene= co5-nale i *icinale'
Dncad"a"ea :n cate&o"ii a d"-5-"ilo" 6e 7ace :n con7o"5itate c- No"5ele 8"i*ind
:ncad"a"ea :n cate&o"ii a d"-5-"ilo" de inte"e6 na ional= ane;a la O"din-l M'T'
n"'>/04..A'
1'9'5' Dn ca+-l :n ca"e condi ia de la 8ct'1'9'> n- e6te 6ati67 c-t = 6e "e8et
calc-l-l "atei de de&"ada"e 8"in o!o6eal 8ent"- o &"o6i5e 5ai 5a"e a
6t"at-"ilo" !it-5inoa6e de "an7o"6a"e' G"o6i5ea nece6a" a 6t"at-"ilo"
!it-5inoa6e de "an7o"6a"e 6e o! ine 8"in inte"8ola"e=
1'/' C"ite"i-l de7o"5a iei 68eci7ice *e"ticale ad5i6i!ile la ni*el-l 8 5Cnt-l-i de
7-nda"e e6te "e68ectat= dac e6te :nde8linit condi ia%

+

+ ad5
Fo"5-l a 508a&' 42
:n ca"e%

+
de7o"5a ia 68eci7ic *e"tical de co58"e6i-ne la ni*el-l 8 5Cnt-l-i
de 7-nda"e= :n 5ic"ode7o"5a ii= calc-lat con7o"5 8ct' 5'5?

+ ad5'
de7o"5atia 68eci7ic *e"tical ad5i6i!il la ni*el-l 8 5Cnt-l-i de
7-nda"e= :n 5ic"ode7o"5a ii= calc-lat con7o"5 8ct' 1'/'4'
1'/'4' De7o"5a ia 68eci7ic *e"tical ad5i6i!il 6e calc-lea+ c- -"5 toa"ele
"ela ii%
a' , a-to6t" +i i d"-5-"i e;8"e6?
, d"-5-"i na ionale e-"o8ene?
, d"-5-"i i 6t" +i c- t"a7ic de calc-l 5ai 5a"e de 4 5'o'6'(4 ; 4
1
o'6'
445)%

+ ad5
' L /9. Nc
,'9A
(5ic"ode7') (5a)
Fo"5-l a 5a08a&' 4.
!' , d"-5-"i i 6t" +i c- t"a7ic de calc-l cel 5-lt e&al c- 4 5'o'6'(4 ; 4
1
o'6' 445)?

+ ad5
' L 1 Nc
,'92
(5ic"ode7) (5!)
Fo"5-l a 5!08a&' 4.
1'/'9' De7o"5a ia 68eci7ic *e"tical ad5i6i!il 6e 8oate 6ta!ili i c- a@-to"-l
dia&"a5ei din 7i&-"a /'
Fi&-"a / Dia&"a5a de 6ta!ili"e a de7o"5a i ei 68eci7ice *e"tical e
ad5i6i !il e la ni*el-l 8 5Cnt -l -i de 7-nda"e :n 7-nc ie de
t"a7ic-l de calc-l
1'/'/' Dn ca+-l :n ca"e condi ia de la 8ct' 1'/ n- e6te 6ati67 c-t = 6e "e8et
calc-l-l de7o"5a iei 68eci7ice *e"ticale= 8ent"- o &"o6i5e 5ai 5a"e a 6t"at-"ilo"
!it-5inoa6e de "an7o"6a"e'
229946767.doc 17
A' E(EMPLE DE CALCUL
A'4' E;e58l -l 4
A'4'4' Datele 8"o!le5ei
Se ce"e 6 6e 6ta!ilea6c &"o6i5ea nece6a" a 6t"at-"ilo" !it-5inoa6e de
"an7o"6a"e 8ent"- -n 6ecto" de d"-5 na ional e-"o8ean= c- do- !en+i de
ci"c-la ie'
A'4'9' Secto"-l de d"-5 e6te ca"acte"i+at de -"5 toa"ele date i58licate :n
di5en6iona"ea 6t"at-"ilo" de "an7o"6a"e%
a' an-l 5ode"ni+ "ii d"-5-l-i 4.15
!' alc t-i"ea 5edie a 6i6te5-l-i "-tie"= con7o"5 doc-5enta iei de
8"oiecta"e%
- 6t"at-"i !it-5inoa6e 9 c5
- 6t"at 6-8e"io" de 7-nda ie din 8iat" 68a"t cilind"at 4
c5
- 6t"at in7e"io" de 7-nda ie din !ala6t 9 c5
c' ti8-l de 8 5Cnt 8>
ti8-l cli5ate"ic I
"e&i5-l <id"olo&ic 9!
d' 8a"a5et"-l de de&"ada"e al
:5!" c 5intei !it-5inoa6e =.
A'4'/' Sta!ili"ea t"a7ic-l-i de calc-l
a' An-l e;ec- iei "an7o"6 "ii e6te 4...= ia" 8e"ioada de 8e"68ecti* de 4 ani
(4... , 9.)'
!' Se calc-lea+ t"a7ic-l de calc-l= con7o"5 ca8'>= c- a@-to"-l datelo" din ta!el-l
.'
Ta!el-l .
G"-8a de *e<ic-le N
B.5
P
B..
P
B.
P
B..
K8
B.
09 F
eB
P"od-6-l col'4;
col'>;col'5
o'6'445
4 9 / > 5 1
A-toca5ioane i
de"i*ate c- 9 o6ii
5/A 4=>2 /=4 9=9. =/ /1.
A-toca5ioane i
de"i*ate c- / o6ii
944 4'> 9'/ 4'25 '>> 4A9
A-toca5ioane i
de"i*ate c- 8e6te / o6ii
5/4 4'1> 9'29 9'9/ 4'14 4.1
A-to!-+e 1> 4'>2 /=/ 9=/. =1> .2
Re5o"ci 94 4'> 9'2> 9=49 '1 9A
TOTAL o'6'445 95A9
229946767.doc 18
Re+-lt -"5 to"-l t"a7ic de calc-l= con7o"5 "ela iei (4)%
NcL/15 ; 4
,1
; 4 ani ; =5 ; 95A9 o'6' 445 L >=1. 5'o'6'
A'4'>' Si6te5-l "-tie" e6te ca"acte"i+at 8"in &"o6i5ile 6t"at-"ilo" "-tie"e i
*alo"ile de calc-l ale 5od-l-l-i de ela6ticitate dina5ic i ale coe7icient-l-i l-i
Poi66on din ta!el-l 4'
Ta!el-l
4
Den-5i"ea
5ate"ial-l-i din
6t"at
<
c5
E
MPa

Mi;t-" a67altic 9 //P =/5P


Piat" 68a"t
cilind"at
4 >PP

=9APP
Bala6t 9 459PPP =9APPP
P 5 nt P>

APPPP =/5PPPP
Nota% P con7o"5 8ct' 5'9'5 PP con7o"5 8ct' 5'9'>
PPPcon7o"5 8ct' 5'9'/ PPPP con7o"5 8ct' 5'9'9
A'4'5' Se ado8t *a"ianta A'4'4 de alc t-i"e a 6t"at-"ilo" !it-5inoa6e de
"an7o"6a"e= con7o"5
ta!el-l-i 44'
Ta!el-l 44
VARIANTA A'4'4 A'4'9
St"at de -+-" 1=5 c5 > c5
St"at de le& t-" 1=5 c5 > c5
St"at de !a+ , A c5
E5= MPa // >9.
A'4'1' Se calc-lea+ -"5 toa"ele co58onente ale de7o"5a iei%
,
"
= :n 5ic"ode7o"5a ii= la !a+a 6t"at-"ilo" !it-5inoa6e?
,
+
= :n 5ic"ode7o"5a ii= la ni*el-l 8at-l-i d"-5-l-i'
Re+-ltatele 6-nt date :n ta!el-l 49'
Ta!el-l 49
VARIANTA A'4'4 A'4'9

"
' 5ic"ode7'
.> 2/

I
' 5ic"ode7'
9/> 95
N
ad5
' 5'o'6 1=9A 4=9A
229946767.doc 19
RDO =A5 =>1
A'4'A' Se calc-lea+ c- "ela ia (>a)= n-5 "-l de 6olicit "i ad5i6i!il i *aloa"ea
"atei de de&"ada"e 8"in o!o6eal = RDO L >=1. 5'o'6 0 N ad5'= date ca"e 6-nt
8"e+entate :n ta!el-l 49'
Din ace6t ta!el "eie6e c = :n ca+-l *a"iantei A'4'4 de alc t-i"e a 6t"at-"ilo"
!it-5inoa6e de "an7o"6a"e= condi ia RDO L 5a;'25 e6te "e68ectat '
A'4'2' Se calc-lea+ c- "ela ia (5a) de7o"5a ia 68eci7ic *e"tical ad5i6i!il la
ni*el-l 8at-l-i= o! inCnd-, 6e
+ad5'
= 94A 5ic"ode7o"5a ii= *aloa"e ca"e 6e
co58a" c- *aloa"ea de7o"5a iei 68eci7ice *e"tical calc-lata la ace6t ni*el 6i
an-5e E+ L 9/> 5ic"ode7o"5atii' Se con6tata ca n- 6e *e"i7ica c"ite"i-l S+ S S+,
idni' la ni*el-l 8at-l-i d"-5-l-i= 7iind nece6a"a ado8ta"ea -no" &"o6i5i'5ai 5a"i
ale 6t"at-"ilo" de "an7o"6a"e'
A'4'.' Se "eia calc-l-l de di5en6iona"e 8ent"- *a"ianta A'4'9 de alcat-i"e a
6t"at-"ilo" !it-5inoa6e de "an7o"6a"e= con7o"5 ta!el-l-i 44' Re+-ltatele 6-nt
date:n ta!el-l 49'
A'4'4' Din e;a5ina"ea ace6t-i ta!el "eie6e ca :n ca+-l acea6tei *a"iante de
alcat-i"e a 6t"at-"ilo" !it-5inoa6e de "an7o"6a"e 6-nt *e"i7icate a5!ele c"ite"ii
de diinen6iona"e'
A'9' E;e58l -l 9
A'9'4' Datele 8"o!le5ei
Se ce"e 6 6e 6ta!ilea6c &"o6i5ea nece6a" a 6t"at-"ilo" !it-5inoa6e de
"an7o"6a"e 8ent"- -n 6ecto" de d"-5 na ional 8"inci8al= c- do-a !en+i de
ci"c-la ie'
A'9'9' Secto"-l de d"-5 e6te ca"acte"i+at de -"5 toa"ele date%
a' an-l 5ode"ni+ "ii d"-5-l-i 4.A2
!' alc t-i"ea 5edie a 6i6te5-l-i "-tie"= con7o"5 doc-5enta iei de 8"oiecta"e%
, 6t"at-"i !it-5inoa6e 4 c5
, 5acada5 2 c5
, 6t"at de 7-nda ie din !ala6t 9 c5
c' ti8-l de 8 5Cnt P/
ti8-l cli5ate"ic I
"e&i5-l <id"olo&ic 9!
d' 8a"a5et"-l de de&"ada"e al
:5!" c 5intei !it-5inoa6e =95
A'9'/' Sta!ili"ea t"a7ic-l-i de calc-l
a' An-l e;ec- iei "an7o"6 "ii e6te 4...= ia" 8e"ioada de 8e"68ecti* de 4 ani
(4... , 9.)'
!' Se calc-lea+ t"a7ic-l de calc-l con7o"5 ca8'>= c- a@-to"-l datelo" din ta!el-l
4/'
229946767.doc 20
Ta!el-l 4/
G"-8a de *e<ic-le N
B.5
P
B..
P
B.
P
B..
KP
.
0
9
F
eB
P"od-6-l col' 4
; col'> ; col'5
o'6'445
4 9 / > 5 1
A-toca5ioane i
de"i*ate c- 9 o6ii
/4/ 4=/9 9=A 9=4 =/ 42.
A-toca5ioane i
de"i*ate c- / o6ii
1/ 4=/9 9=9 4=1A =>> >1
A-toca5ioane i
de"i*ate c- 8e6te / o6ii
49 4=/9 9= 4=11 4=9 4A/
A-to!-+e /9 4=> 9=A> 9=A =1> >9
Re5o"ci / 4=/9 9=>1 4=2. =1 /
TOTAL o'6'445 >5/
Re+-lt -"5 to"-l t"a7ic de calc-l= con7o"5 "ela iei (4)%
Nc L /15 ; 4
,1
; 4 ani ; =5 ; >5/ o'6' 445L =2/ 5'o'6'
A'9'>' Si6te5-l "-tie" e6te ca"acte"i+at 8"in &"o6i5ile 6t"at-"ilo" "-tie"e i
*alo"ile de calc-l ale 5od-l-l-i de ela6ticitate dina5ic i ale coe7icient-l-i l-i
Poi66on din ta!el-l 4>'
Ta!el-l 4>
Den-5i"ea
5ate"ial-l-i din
6t"at
<
c5
E
MPa

Mi;t-" a67altic 4 /P =/5P


Piat" 68a"t
cilind"at
2 1PP =9APP
Bala6t 9 4>4PPP =9APPP
P 5Cnt P
/
15PPPP =/PPPP
Nota % P con7o"5 8ct' 5'9'5 PP con7o"5 8ct' 5'9'>
PPP con7o"5 8ct' 5'9'/ PPPP con7o"5 8ct' 5'9'9
A'9'5' Se ado8t *a"ianta de alc t-i"e a 6t"at-"ilo" !it-5inoa6e de "an7o"6a"e
din > c5 6t"at de -+-" i > c5 6t"at de le& t-" = 5od-l-l de ela6ticitate
dina5ic 5edi- 8onde"at 7iind%
E5 L // MPa?
A'9'1' Se calc-lea+ -"5 toa"ele co58onente ale de7o"5a iei%
229946767.doc 21
-
"
= :n 5ic"ode7o"5a ii= la !a+a 6t"at-"ilo" !it-5inoa6e?
-
+
= :n 5ic"ode7o"5a ii= la ni*el-l 8at-l-i d"-5-l-i'
Re+-ltatele 6-nt date :n ta!el-l 45'
Ta!el-l 45

"
= 5ic"ode7'
42.

+
= 5ic"ode7'
511
Nad5'=5'o'6' 9=9.
RDO =/1
A'9'A' Se calc-lea+ c- "ela ia (>!)= n-5 "-l de 6olicit "i ad5i6i!il i *alo"ile
"atei de de&"ada"e 8"in o!o6eal RDO L =2/ 0 Nad5= date ca"e 6-nt 8"e+entate
:n ta!el-l 45'
Din ace6t ta!el "eie6e c = 8"in e;ec- ia -nei :5!" c 5inte !it-5inoa6e= c-
&"o6i5ea 5ini5 de 2 c5= c"ite"i-l RDO RDO ad5' e6te "e68ectat'
A'9'2' Se *e"i7ic c"ite"i-l
+

+ad5'
la ni*el-l 8at-l-i d"-5-l-i'
A6t7el= 8ent"- Nc L =2/ 5'o'6'=
+ad5
' calc-lat c- "ela ia (5!) e6te de 1/4
5ic"ode7o"5a ii' Din e;a5ina"ea ta!el-l-i 45 "eie6e c i ace6t c"ite"i- e6te
*e"i7icat'
A'9'.' Se con6ide" c 8oate 7i ado8tat 6ol- ia de "an7o"6a"e c- 2 c5
:5!" c 5inte !it-5inoa6 '
ANE(A
9
METODA PENTRU DMP R IREA DN SECTOARE OMOGENE
A UNUI TRONSON DE DRUM
4' GENERALIT I
4'4' P"e+enta 5etod 6e "e7e" la :58 " i"ea :n 6ectoa"e o5o&ene a -n-i
t"on6on de d"-5= 8e !a+a "e+-ltatelo" 5 6-" "ilo" de de7o"5a!ilitate'
4'9' M 6-" "ile de de7o"5a!ilitate 6e e7ect-ea+ c- de7lecto5et"ele c- 8C"&<ie
ti8 BenBel5an 6a- Soilte6t= :n con7o"5itate c- 8"e*ede"ile in6t"-c i-nilo"
indicati* CD/4 6a- c- de7lecto5et"ele c- 6a"cin dina5ic = :n 7i"-l de 5 6-"a"e
6it-at la cca 4= 5 de 5a"&inea 8 " ii ca"o6a!ile= :n 8-ncte 6it-ate la di6tan e
de 5a;' 4 5 :nt"e ele'
9' PRINCIPIUL METODEI
9'4' Metoda de :58 " i"e :n 6ectoa"e o5o&ene 6e !a+ea+ 8e 6t-di-l 8"od-6elo"
c-5-late dint"e *aloa"ea de7le;i-nii i di6tan a dint"e 8-nct-l de o"i&ine i
8o+i ia 8-nct-l-i de 5 6-"a"e'
229946767.doc 22
9'9' Li5itele :nt"e 6ectoa"ele o5o&ene 6-nt con6tit-ite din 8-nctele :n ca"e
di7e"en a dint"e o"donata c-"!ei c-5-late i cea ca"e ia :n con6ide"a"e o
*a"ia ie linia" = 8"e+int *alo"ile 5a;i5e i 5ini5e'
/' METODA DE CALCUL
/'4' La :58 " i"ea :n 6ectoa"e o5o&ene a -n-i t"on6on de d"-5 6e -tili+ea+
*alo"ile de7le;i-nii 5 6-"ate :n acelea i condi ii 8"i*ind%
, 8e"ioada de 5 6-"a"e a ca8acit ii 8o"tante?
, 5od-l de 6olicita"e a co58le;-l-i "-tie" (6a"cina 8e o6ia din 68ate a
*e<ic-l-l-i de 5 6-"a"e= :n ca+-l 5 6-" "ilo" c- de7lecto5et"ele c-
8C"&<ie 6a- 8"e6i-nea 8e 6-8"a7a a 8l cii de :nc "ca"e= :n ca+-l
de7lecto5et"elo" c- 6a"cina dina5ic )'
/'9' De7le;i-nile 5 6-"ate la di7e"ite te58e"at-"i ale 6t"at-"ilo" !it-5inoa6e 6e
t"an67o"5a :n de7le;i-ni no"5ale= co"e68-n+ toa"e te58e"at-"ii de 9

C= :n
con7o"5itate c- 5etodolo&iile de 8"el-c"a"e a "e+-ltatelo" 5 6-" "ilo" de
de7o"5a!ilitate'
/'/' Di7e"en a dint"e o"donata c-"!ei c-5-late i o"donata co"e68-n+ toa"e
-nei *a"ia ii linia"e (+
e
) 6e calc-lea+ c- -"5 toa"ea "ela ie%
n n n
+
e
L a
i
# ( a
i
0 L) T ;
i

i=4 iL4 iL4
Fo"5-l 08a&' 95
:n ca"e%
a
i
L d
i5
' ;
i
-nde%
d
i5
, 5edia :nt"e de7le;i-nile no"5ale :n 8-nctele de 5 6-"a"e J(i,
4)J i JiJ?
;
i
, di6tan a dint"e 8-nctele de 5 6-"a"e J(i,4)J i JiJ?
n , n-5 "-l de de7le;i-ni i58licat :n calc-le?
L , l-n&i5ea total a t"on6on-l-i de d"-5'
/'>' P-nctele de in7le;i-ne ale 7-nc iei I
e
(L) "e8"e+int li5itele 6ectoa"elo"
o5o&ene' Se 5en ionea+ c :n &ene"al= d"-5-"ile 6-nt ca"acte"i+ate 8"int",o
*a"ia ie 5a"e a de7o"5a!ilit ii :n l-n&-l ace6to"a= ceea ce 8oate cond-ce la
6ta!ili"ea -no" 6ectoa"e de d"-5 c- l-n&i5e "ed-6 ' A6t7el= :n ca+-l -no"
l-n&i5i ale ace6to"a 5ai 5ici de 9 5= e6te nece6a" anali+a"ea indicato"ilo"
6tati6tici ai de7o"5a!ilit ii 8ent"- 7ieca"e 6ecto" o5o&en de d"-5= :n *ede"ea
-nei e*ent-ale co5a6 "i a 6ectoa"elo" o5o&ene de d"-5'
/'5' D58 " i"ea :n 6ectoa"e o5o&ene 6e 7ace c- a@-to"-l 8"o&"a5-l-i de calc-l
SECTOM'
229946767.doc 23
/'1' S-8o"t-l 7i+ic al 8"o&"a5-l-i de calc-l SECTOM e6te o di6c<et = 8a"te
inte&"ant din no"5ati*'
>' MODUL DE UTILIIARE A PROGRAMULUI DE CALCUL SECTOM
>'4' P"o&"a5-l de calc-l SECTOM e6te in6talat de 8e di6c<et = 8"in co8ie"ea
7i ie"elo" :n di"ecto"-l de l-c"-' P"o&"a5-l "-lea+ 6-! 6i6te5-l de o8e"a"e
UindoV6 .5'
>'9' C"ea"ea 7i ie"-l-i de date de int"a"e
>'9'4' Fi ie"-l de int"a"e e6te :n 7o"5at te;t i e6te o"&ani+at 8e do- coloane=
8"i5a "e8"e+entCnd 8o+i ia Bilo5et"ic a 8-nct-l-i de 5 6-"a"e= ia" a do-a=
*aloa"ea de7le;i-nii no"5ale (*e+i 7i&-"a)'
>'9'9' Ace6te date 8ot 7i editate :n cad"-l 8"o&"a5-l-i SECTOM 6a- :n o"ice alt
edito" de te;te= c- condi ia ca 7i ie"-l o! in-t 6 7ie :n 7o"5at te;t'
IMPORTANT
FI IERUL DE INTRARE NU TREBUIE S CON IN NICI UN FEL DE FORMAT RI SAU
CARACTERE SUPLIMENTARE N PLUS FA DE CELE UTILE!! !
>'/' P"o&"a5-l 8"e+int do-a 5eni-"i= o"&ani+ate d-8 7-nc iile 8e ca"e le
"eali+ea+ %
, 5eni-l ca"e 6e "e7e" la 5etoda de :58 " i"e :n 6ectoa"e o5o&ene?
, 5eni-l ca"e c-8"inde 7acilit i &ene"ale "e7e"itoa"e la l-c"-l c- 7i ie"e
te;t'
>'>' D58 " i"ea :n 6ectoa"e o5o&ene a -n-i t"on6on de d"-5 i58-ne 6electa"ea
o8 i-nii JSECTOMJ din 5eni-l -"5 to"= c- -"5 toa"ele o!6e"*a ii%
, "-la"ea 8"oced-"ii de 6ecto"i+a"e &ene"ea+ -n 7i ie" de ie i"e=
den-5it a-to5at Jo-t'datJ' St"-ct-"a ace6t-ia e6te 8"e+entat :n contin-a"e%
, 7i ie"-l de ie i"e (:n 7o"5at te;t) 8oate 7i "eden-5it= editat i 6al*at'
El 8oate 7i 8"el-at de alte 8"o&"a5e de edita"e 6a- de calc-l ta!ela"= 8ent"-
8"el-c" "i -lte"ioa"e?
, la 6electa"ea o8 i-nii JSECTOMJ 6e de"-lea+ -n 5eni- 6ec-nda"= :n
cad"-l c "-ia 6e int"od-c -"5 toa"ele date%
, n-5ele d"-5-l-i?
229946767.doc 24
, li5itele t"on6on-l-i de d"-5 6t-diat= ca"acte"i+ate 8"in
8o+i ia Bilo5et"ic ini ial i cea 7inal '
>'>'4' Sec i-nea JO8 i-niJ a 5eni-l-i SECTOM 8e"5ite 8e"6onali+a"ea !a"ei de
in6t"-5ente din 7e"ea6t"a de l-c"-'
>'>'9' Sec i-nea JIn7oJ a 5eni-l-i SECTOM a7i ea+ in7o"5a ii "e7e"itoa"e la
ace6t 8"o&"a5'
>'5' Mod-l-l de l-c"- c- 7i ie"e te;t e6te di68oni!il din 5eni-l de ti8 edita"e=
ca"e c-8"inde o8 i-nile JFi ie"J= JEdita"eJ= Ca-t J= JO8 i-niJ i JFe"ea6t"aJ' Ace6t
5eni- 8e"5ite%
, de6c<ide"e i 6al*a"e de 7i ie"e?
, edita"e de 7i ie"e te;t?
, 6electa"e de 7ont-"i?
, c -ta"e i :nloc-i"e a-to5at '
ANE(A
/
PROGRAMUL PENTRU CALCULUL DEFORMA IILOR SPECIFICE
DN SISTEMELE RUTIERE DN ROMHNIA
CALDEROM
4' GENERALIT I
4'4' P"o&"a5-l CALDEROM i 6-8o"t-l 7i+ic al ace6t-ia= ca"e 6e & 6e te 8e
di6c<et = 7ace 8a"te inte&"ant din No"5ati*-l 8ent"- di5en6iona"ea 6t"at-"ilo"
!it-5inoa6e de "an7o"6a"e a 6i6te5elo" "-tie"e 6-8le i 6e5i"i&ide'
4'9' Ace6t 8"o&"a5 6e -tili+ea+ la calc-l-l de7o"5a iilo" 68eci7ice :n 6i6te5ele
"-tie"e= 6-! 6olicita"ea 6tatic a 6e5io6iei 6tanda"d de 5A=5 BN'
4'/' P"o&"a5-l 6e !a+ea+ 8e "e+ol*a"ea analitic = c- a@-to"-l 5odel-l-i
B-"5i6te"= a 6t "ii de ten6i-ne i de de7o"5a ie 6-! 6a"cin a 6i6te5-l-i "-tie"'
9' IPOTEIE DE CALCUL
9'4' Si6te5-l "-tie" e6te 6olicitat de o 6a"cin ci"c-la" c- 8"e6i-nea *e"tical
-ni7o"5 = "e8"e+entCnd &"e-tatea 6e5io6iei 6tanda"d c- "o i &e5ene= t"an65i6
8e o 6-8"a7a ci"c-la" ec<i*alenta 6-8"a7e ei de contact 8ne- , d"-5'
Ca"acte"i6ticile 6a"cinii i an-5e%
, 6a"cina 8e "o ile &e5ene% 5A=5 BN?
, 8"e6i-nea de contact% =195 MPa?
, "a+a 6-8"a7e ei de contact% 4A=4 c5=
con6tit-ie date 8"i5a"e= con6tante= ale 8"o&"a5-l-i CALDEROM'
9'9' Si6te5-l "-tie" e6te con6ide"at -n 5edi- 5-lti6t"at (5a;i5-5 5 6t"at-"i)=
:n ca"e 7ieca"e 6t"at "-tie" e6te con6ide"at -n 6olid ela6tic linia"= i+ot"o8 i
o5o&en= in7init :n 8lan o"i+ontal i c- &"o6i5e 7init = c- e;ce8 ia 8 5Cnt-l-i de
7-nda"e= con6ide"at 6e5iin7init'
229946767.doc 25
9'/' Dnt"e 6t"at-"ile "-tie"e e;i6t ade"en '
9'>' P-nctele de calc-l ale de7o"5a iilo" 68eci7ice 6-nt 6it-ate :nt",-n 8"o7il
*e"tical :n cent"-l 6a"cinii= la li5ita :nt"e 6t"at-"i'
9'5' Calc-l-l de7o"5a iilo" 68eci7ice 6e e7ect-ea+ :n con7o"5itate c- 8"e*ede"ile
ca8' 5 din no"5ati*= :n -"5 toa"ele 8-ncte%
, la 8a"tea in7e"ioa" a 6t"at-"ilo" !it-5inoa6e?
, la 8a"tea in7e"ioa" a 6t"-ct-"ii "-tie"e (la ni*el-l 8at-l-i d"-5-l-i)'
/' MODUL DE REIOLVARE A PROBLEMEI MECANICE
/'4' P"o!le5a 5ecanic con6t din *e"i7ica"ea ec<ili!"-l-i 6-! o 6a"cin
e;te"ioa" a -n-i 6olid ela6tic linia" i+ot"o8'
/'9' Ec-a iile de ec<ili!"- i "ela iile e;i6tente :nt"e ten6i-nile i de7o"5a iile
68eci7ice= con7o"5 5ecanicii 5ediilo" contin-i= :nt",-n 8"o7il a;i6i5et"ic= a-
-"5 toa"ele e;8"e6ii%

9
("=+) L
Fo"5-l 08a&' /
:n ca"e
9
e6te o8e"ato"-l !i,a"5onic= c- -"5 toa"ea e;8"e6ie%

9
= (
9
0"
9
K 40" K 0" K
9
0+)
9
Fo"5-l 08a&' /
/'/' Modela"ea 6t"-ct-"ii d-8 B-"5i6te" :nt",-n 5edi- alc t-it din 6t"at-"i
ela6tice linia"e i+ot"o8e cond-ce la "e+ol*a"ea 8ent"- 7ieca"e din ace6tea= a
ec-a iilo"%

9
("=+) L
Fo"5-l 08a&' /
/'>' Dn coo"donate a;i6i5et"ice 6e o! in 8ent"- 6a"cina de calc-l -"5 toa"ele
"e+-ltate%
, ten6i-nile%
"
("=+)=

("=+)=
+
("=+) i
"+
("=+)= con7o"5 7i&-"ii 4?
, de8la6 "ile o"i+ontale - ("=+) i *e"ticale * ("=+)?
, de7o"5a iile 68eci7ice co"e68-n+ toa"e'
Co58onentele ten6o"-l-i de ten6i-ne i de de7o"5a ie 68eci7ic :n " i
+ 6-nt n-le i deci= n- 6e calc-lea+ '
229946767.doc 26
Fi&-"a 4' Re+-ltat el e :n "e8e" a;i6i 5et"i c ale ten6i -nilo"
/'5' I8ote+a ela6ticit ii linia"e a 5odel-l-i 8e"5ite de a 6-8"a8-ne :nt",-n "e8e"
a;i6i5et"ic e7ectele di7e"itelo" 6olicit "i= :n te"5eni de%
, ten6i-ne%
"
=
+
?
, de7o"5a ie 68eci7ic %
"
=
+
>' DATELE DE INTRARE
>'4' N-5 "-l 6t"at-"ilo" "e8"e+int 6t"at-"ile !it-5inoa6e de "an7o"6a"e=
con6ide"ate -n 6in&-" 6t"at "-tie"= 8l-6 n-5 "-l 6t"at-"ilo" 6i6te5-l-i "-tie"
e;i6tent (:n ca"e e6te incl-6 i 8 5Cnt-l de 7-nda"e)'
>'9' Ca"acte"i6ticile 6t"at-"ilo" !it-5inoa6e de "an7o"6a"e= con6ide"ate 6t"at-l
4= 6-nt%
, &"o6i 5ea total e6ti5at = :n c5?
, 5od-l -l de ela6ticitat e dina5i c 5edi - 8onde"at= :n MPa=
calc-lat con7o"5 8ct' 5'/' din no"5ati*?
, coe7ici ent -l l-i Poi66on'
>'/' Ca"acte"i6ticile 7iec "-i 6t"at "-tie" e;i6tent , 6t"at-"il e 9''' > , 6-nt%
, &"o6i 5ea= :n c5?
, 5od-l -l de ela6ticitat e dina5i c= :n c5?
, coe7ici ent -l l-i Poi66on'
>'>' Ca"acte"i6ticile de de7o"5a!ilitate ale te"en-l-i (8 5Cnt-l-i) de 7-nda"e ,
6t"at-l 5 , 6-nt%
, 5od-l -l de ela6ticitat e dina5i c= :n MPa?
, coe7ici ent -l l-i Poi66on'
Valo"ile ace6to" ca"acte"i6tici 6-nt con7o"5 ca8' 5 din no"5ati*'
229946767.doc 27
Se 5en ionea+ c :n ca+-l :n ca"e 6i6te5-l "-tie" e;i6tent a"e 5ai 5-lt de >
6t"at-"i (incl-6i* 8 5Cnt-l de 7-nda"e)= do- 6a- t"ei 6t"at-"i "-tie"e= alc t-ite
din 5ate"iale &"an-la"e= 8ot 7i ca"acte"i+ate 8"in%
, &"o6i5ea total a ace6to"a= :n c5?
, 5od-l-l de ela6ticitate dina5ic 5edi- 8onde"at= calc-lat c- "ela ia%
E5 L M (E
I

40/
; <
i
) 0 <iO
/
(MPa)
Fo"5-l 08a&' /4
:n ca"e%
Ei , 5od-l-l de ela6ticitate dina5ic al 5ate"ial-l-i din 6t"at-l i= :n
MPa?
<
I
, &"o6i5ea 6t"at-l-i i= :n c5'
>'5' AdCnci 5il e de calc-l ale de7o"5a iilo" 68eci7ice 6-nt%
, la !a+a 6t"at-"ilo" !it-5inoa6e= :n c5?
, la ni*el-l 8at-l-i d"-5-l-i= :n c5'
>'1' Un e;e58l- de date de int"a"e e6te dat :n ca8'1'
5' UTILIIAREA PRACTIC A PROGRAMULUI CALDEROM
5'4' Con in-t-l di6c<etei
Di6c<eta con ine -"5 toa"ele 7i ie"e%
, -n 7i ie" e;ec-ta!il% calde"o5' e;e?
, -n 7i ie" nece6a" "-l "ii 8"o&"a5-l-i% do6;567' e;e?
, -n 7i ie" c- date de ie i"e% "e+-ltat' dat '
5'9' In6tala"ea 8"o&"a5-l-i
Se c"eea+ -n di"ecto" n-5it CALDEROM= :n ca"e 6e co8ia+ 7i ie"ele de la
8ct'5'4'
5'/' R-la"ea 8"o&"a5-l-i
5'/'4' Se lan6ea+ :n e;ec- ie 7i ie"-l e;ec-ta!il% calde"o5' e;e'
5'/'9' Datele de int"a"e 6e int"od-c :n 5od inte"acti*= con7o"5 8ct'>'
5'/'/' D-8 "-la"ea co"ect a 7i ie"-l-i calde"o5' e;e= 6e &ene"ea+ 7i ie"-l de
date de ie i"e "e+-ltat' dat = ca"e 8oate 7i ti8 "it'
5'/'>' Fi ie"-l de date de ie i"e "e+-ltat' dat con ine -"5 toa"ele date= con7o"5
e;e58l-l-i din ca8'1%
, den-5i"ea d"-5-l-i?
, 6ecto"-l o5o&en in*e6ti&at?
, "eca8it-la"ea datelo" 8"i5a"e 8"i*ind ca"acte"i6ticile 6a"cinii?
229946767.doc 28
, "eca8it-la"ea datelo" de int"a"e 8"i*ind ca"acte"i6ticile 6t"at-"ilo"
"-tie"e?
, "e+-ltatele calc-lelo" e7ect-ate i an-5e%
R , di6tan a 8-nct-l-i de calc-l 7a de 8"o7il-l lon&it-dinal= ca"e
e6te :n toate ca+-"ile e&ala c- c5= con7o"5 i8ote+ei de calc-l?
I , adCnci5ea= :n c5= a 8-nctelo" de calc-l?
ATEN IE% Se5n-l , :n6ea5n c 8-nct-l de calc-l e6te la !a+a 6t"at-l-i?
Se5n-l K :n6ea5n c 8-nct-l de calc-l e6te la 8a"tea
6-8e"ioa" a 6t"at-l-i de dede6-!t'
DEFORMATIA RADIALA= :n 5ic"ode7o"5a ii?
ATEN IE% Dn calc-lele de di5en6iona"e e6te -tili+at de7o"5a ia "adial
calc-lat la !a+a 6t"at-"ilo" !it-5inoa6e'
Dn e;e58l-l din ca8'1= 8ent"- I L ,//=c5= DEFORMA IA
RADIAL e6te './2EK9= ceea ce :n6ea5n
"
L .>
5ic"ode7o"5a ii?
DEFORMA IA VERTICAL = :n 5ic"ode7o"5a ii%
ATENTIE% Dn calc-lele de di5en6iona"e e6te -tili+at de7o"5a ia
*e"tical calc-lat la ni*el-l 8 5Cnt-l-i de 7-nda"e'
Dn e;e58l-l din ca8'1= 8ent"- I L 1/= c5= DEFORMA IA
VERTICAL e6te '9/>EK/= ceea ce :n6ea5n + L 9/>
5ic"ode7o"5a ii'
1' E(EMPLU DE CALCUL
DRUM%DN A5
Secto" o5o&en% B5 9/K , 9.K
Pa"a5et"ii 8"o!le5ei 6-nt
Sa"cina''''' 5A'5 RN
P"e6i-nea 8ne-l-i '195 MPa
Ra+a ce"c-l-i 4A'44 c5
St"at-l 4% Mod-l-l //' MPa= Coe7icient-l Poi66on '/5= G"o6i5ea 4/'c5
St"at-l 9% Mod-l-l //' MPa= Coe7icient-l Poi66on '/5= G"o6i5ea 9' c5
St"at-l /% Mod-l-l >' MPa= Coe7icient-l Poi66on '9A= G"o6i5ea 4'c5
St"at-l >% Mod-l-l 459' MPa= Coe7icient-l Poi66on '9A= G"o6i5ea 9' c5
St"at-l 5% Mod-l-l A' MPa= Coe7icient-l Poi66on '/5 i e 6e5i7init
REIULTATE% DEFORMA IE DEFORMA IE
R I RADIAL VERTICAL
c5 c5 5ic"ode7 5ic"ode7
' ,//' './2EK9 ,'444EK/
229946767.doc 29
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' ,1/' '2.2EK9 ,'4>2EK/
' 1/' '2.2EK9 ,'9/>EK/
229946767.doc 30