Sunteți pe pagina 1din 24

CE3001 HW.

I / Problem 1)

Mechanical Characteristics

Cross Section

Bottom

f cd

f yd

Es

d'

As1

x1

As2

kN
0

N/mm2
N/
13,33

N/mm2
N/
365

N/mm2
N/
200000

mm
300

mm
700

mm
50

mm2
1200

mm
-300

mm2
1200

C12-C25
0,85

C30
0,82

C35
0,79

C40
0,76

C45
0,73

C50
0,7

Steel Reinforcement
Top
x2
As3
mm
300

mm2
800

Intermediate
x3
As4

x4

mm2
0

mm
0

N/mm2

N/mm3

Es x s

s4

-103,51
-134,90
-237,50
237 50
-348,15
-572,22
-877,95
-1258,41
-1678,64
-1972,28

-103,51
-134,90
-237,50
237 50
-365,00
-365,00
-365,00
-365,00
-365,00
-365,00

mm
0

the given values are for the case with one intermediate level
steel reinforcement

0,85

assume
mm/mm

mm

ci

s1

0,00025
0,0005
0 0010
0,0010
0,0015
0,0020
0,0025
0,0030
0,0035
0,0040

114,0
149,0
160 0
160,0
162,0
144,0
127,0
113,0
103,0
101,0

-1,18E-03
-1,68E-03
-3,06E-03
3 06E 03
-4,52E-03
-7,03E-03
-1,03E-02
-1,43E-02
-1,86E-02
-2,17E-02

N/mm2

N/mm3

Es x s

s1

-235,09
-336,24
-612,50
612 50
-903,70
-1405,56
-2059,06
-2851,33
-3717,48
-4348,51

-235,09
-336,24
-365,00
365 00
-365,00
-365,00
-365,00
-365,00
-365,00
-365,00

s2
1,40E-04
3,32E-04
6 88E 04
6,88E-04
1,04E-03
1,31E-03
1,52E-03
1,67E-03
1,80E-03
2,02E-03

N/mm2

N/mm3

Es x s

s2

28,07
66,44
137 50
137,50
207,41
261,11
303,15
334,51
360,19
403,96

28,07
66,44
137 50
137,50
207,41
261,11
303,15
334,51
360,19
365,00

s3
-5,18E-04
-6,74E-04
-1,19E-03
1 19E 03
-1,74E-03
-2,86E-03
-4,39E-03
-6,29E-03
-8,39E-03
-9,86E-03

N/mm2

N/mm3

Es x s

s3

-103,51
-134,90
-237,50
237 50
-348,15
-572,22
-877,95
-1258,41
-1678,64
-1972,28

-103,51
-134,90
-237,50
237 50
-348,15
-365,00
-365,00
-365,00
-365,00
-365,00

s4
-5,18E-04
-6,74E-04
-1,19E-03
1 19E 03
-1,74E-03
-2,86E-03
-4,39E-03
-6,29E-03
-8,39E-03
-9,86E-03

positive::::

compression

kN

kN

kN

kN

kN

kN

rad/m

kN.m

mm

Fs1

Fs2

Fs3

Fs4

Fc

total F

k
0
2,19E-03
3,36E-03
6 25E 03
6,25E-03
9,26E-03
1,39E-02
1,97E-02
2,65E-02
3,40E-02
3,96E-02

e
0
#SAYI/0!
#SAYI/0!
#SAYI/0!
#SAYI/0!
#SAYI/0!
#SAYI/0!
#SAYI/0!
#SAYI/0!
#SAYI/0!

-282,105
-403,490
-438,000
438 000
-438,000
-438,000
-438,000
-438,000
-438,000
-438,000

33,684
79,732
165 000
165,000
248,889
313,333
363,780
401,416
432,233
438,000

-82,807
-107,919
-190,000
190 000
-278,519
-292,000
-292,000
-292,000
-292,000
-292,000

0,000
0,000
0 000
0,000
0,000
0,000
0,000
0,000
0,000
0,000

329,378
430,502
462 284
462,284
468,063
416,056
366,938
326,488
297,596
291,817

-1,850
-1,176
-0,716
0 716
0,433
-0,611
0,718
-2,096
-0,171
-0,183

194,061
268,381
311 264
311,264
337,663
345,557
349,157
350,416
352,201
352,410

b denotes to case with two intermediate level steel


reinforcement
a denotes to case with one intermediate level steel
reinforcement
400
hw11b
350
hw11a
Moment
M
nt (M - kN.m)

300
250
200
150
100
50
0
0

0,005

0,01

0,015

0,02

mm

int-1
K
rad/m

M
kN.m

c
mm

int-2
K
rad/m

M
kN.m

114
149
160
162
144
127
113
103
101

0
2,19E-03
3,36E-03
6,25E-03
9,26E-03
1,39E-02
1,97E-02
2,65E-02
3,40E-02
3,96E 02
3,96E-02

0
194,06
268,38
311,26
337,66
345,56
349,16
350,42
352,20
352,41

114
149
154
140
130
123
113
103
95

0
2,19E-03
3,36E-03
6,49E-03
1,07E-02
1,54E-02
2,03E-02
2,65E-02
3,40E-02
4,21E
4,21E-02
02

0
201,96
280,46
324,95
332,52
339,70
347,15
350,42
352,20
347,79

0,025

Curvature (k - rad/m)

0,03

0,035

0,04

0,045

CE 3001 HW I
Problem 2)
Mechanical Characteristics

f cd

f yk

f yd

Es

N/mm2
30

N/mm3
20 00
20,00

N/mm2
420

N/mm3
365 22
365,22

N/mm2
200000

C30
0,82

C35
0,79

C40
0,76

C45
0,73

C50
0,7

b
mm
250

0,003
0,001826
0,1
5197,487

800
700
600
500
400
300
200
150
100
50
528
111

Steel Reinforcement
Intermediate - I
As3
x3
mm
-200

h
mm
900

Bottom
d'
mm
50

negative:::: tension
positive::::
compression
p
p

x1

As2

x2

mm2
1417

mm
-400

mm2
1417

mm
400

bottom
Fs1

top
Fs2

int-1
Fs3

int-2
Fs4

int-3
Fs5

concrete
Fc

actual
N

kN

kN

kN

kN

kN

kN

-53,14
-182,19
-354,25
-517,21
-517,21
517 21
-517,21
-517,21
-517,21
-517,21
-517,21
-517,21
-517,21

517,21
517,21
517,21
517,21
517 21
517,21
517,21
517,21
517,21
425,10
0,00
517,21
467,23

34,65
13,20
-15,40
-55,44
-112,42
112 42
-112,42
-112,42
-112,42
-112,42
-112,42
-42,70
-112,42

80,85
66,00
46,20
18,48
-23,10
23 10
-92,40
-112,42
-112,42
-112,42
-112,42
27,30
-112,42

112,42
112,42
107,80
92,40
69 30
69,30
30,80
-46,20
-112,42
-112,42
-112,42
97,30
-112,42

2788,00
2439,50
2091,00
1742,50
1394 00
1394,00
1045,50
697,00
522,75
348,50
174,25
1840,08
386,84

kN
5197 49
5197,49
3479,99
2966,14
2392,56
1797,94
1327 78
1327,78
871,48
425,96
185,49
-80,87
-680,22
1921,98
-0,40

kN.m
0 00
0,00
583,83
697,24
799,79
870,24
848 79
848,79
784,29
683,50
616,85
519,46
281,72
871,46
550,24

Intermediate - II
As4
x4

Intermediate - III
As5
x5

mm2
308

mm2
308

mm
0

mm
200

Top

As1

the given values are for the


moment interaction diagram of
the cross-section for bending
about x-x axis

0,82

mm2
308

f ck

C12-C25
0,85

sy
su
Nor

balanced
Mf

Cross Section

idealized
N

kN
5197 49
5197,49
1921,98
-0,40

kN.m
0 00
0,00
871,46
550,24

150,00

150,00

balanced
Mf

sb

Esxs1

s1

s2

Esxs2

s2

s3

Esxs3

s3

s4

Esxs4

s4

800
700
600
500
400
300
200
150
100
50
528
111

-0,0001875
-0 0006429
-0,0006429
-0,0012500
-0,0021000
-0,0033750
-0,0055000
-0,0097500
0 0097500
-0,0140000
-0,0225000
-0,0480000
,
-0,0018295
-0,0199730

-37,5
-128 6
-128,6
-250,0
-420,0
-675,0
-1100,0
-1950,0
1950 0
-2800,0
-4500,0
-9600,0
,
-365,9
-3994,6

-37,5
-128 6
-128,6
-250,0
-365,0
-365,0
-365,0
-365,0
365 0
-365,0
-365,0
-365,0
,
-365,0
-365,0

0,0028125
0 0027857
0,0027857
0,0027500
0,0027000
0,0026250
0,0025000
0,0022500
0 0022500
0,0020000
0,0015000
0,0000000
,
0,0027159
0,0016486

562,5
557 1
557,1
550,0
540,0
525,0
500,0
450,0
450 0
400,0
300,0
0,0
,
543,2
329,7

365,0
365 0
365,0
365,0
365,0
365,0
365,0
365,0
365 0
365,0
300,0
0,0
,
365,0
329,7

0,0005625
0 0002143
0,0002143
-0,0002500
-0,0009000
-0,0018750
-0,0035000
-0,0067500
0 0067500
-0,0100000
-0,0165000
-0,0360000
,
-0,0006932
-0,0145676

112,5
42 9
42,9
-50,0
-180,0
-375,0
-700,0
-1350,0
1350 0
-2000,0
-3300,0
-7200,0
,
-138,6
-2913,5

112,5
42 9
42,9
-50,0
-180,0
-365,0
-365,0
-365,0
365 0
-365,0
-365,0
-365,0
,
-138,6
-365,0

0,0013125
0 0010714
0,0010714
0,0007500
0,0003000
-0,0003750
-0,0015000
-0,0037500
0 0037500
-0,0060000
-0,0105000
-0,0240000
,
0,0004432
-0,0091622

262,5
214 3
214,3
150,0
60,0
-75,0
-300,0
-750,0
750 0
-1200,0
-2100,0
-4800,0
,
88,6
-1832,4

262,5
214 3
214,3
150,0
60,0
-75,0
-300,0
-365,0
365 0
-365,0
-365,0
-365,0
,
88,6
-365,0

s1

s2

s3

s4

s5

can not exceed fyd

s5

Esxs5

s5

0,0020625
0 0019286
0,0019286
0,0017500
0,0015000
0,0011250
0,0005000
-0,0007500
0 0007500
-0,0020000
-0,0045000
-0,0120000
,
0,0015795
-0,0037568

412,5
385 7
385,7
350,0
300,0
225,0
100,0
-150,0
150 0
-400,0
-900,0
-2400,0
,
315,9
-751,4

365,0
365 0
365,0
350,0
300,0
225,0
100,0
-150,0
150 0
-365,0
-365,0
-365,0
,
315,9
-365,0

M-N interaction diagram


6000

5000

hw12x
hw12y
design

4000

N (kN))

moment about x-x


axis

3000

2000

1000

0
0

100

200

300

400

500

600

700

800

900

1000

M (kN.m)
(kN m)

moment about y-y


axis
balanced
Mf

c
mm
Nor
800
700
600
500
400
300
200
150
100
50
528
111

x
N
kN
5197,49
3479
3479,99
99
2966,14
2392,56
1797,94
,
1327,78
871,48
425,96
185,49
-80,87
-680 22
-680,22
1921,98
-0,40

M
kN.m
0,00
583,83
583 83
697,24
799,79
870,24
,
848,79
784,29
683,50
616,85
519,46
281 72
281,72
871,46
550,24

c
mm
Nor
250
225
200
175
150
125
100
75
50
25
124
69

if the given design axial load-moment pair is given for a bending about x-x axis,
then, the cross-section is adequate. however, if the pair is given for a bending
about y-y axis, then the cross-section can not carry the given design load pair.
N = 150 kN , M = 150kN.m

y
N
kN
5197,49
4152
4152,24
24
3726,27
3272,22
2778,05
,
2223,72
1568,25
919,09
117,90
-389,96
-1286 21
-1286,21
1540,18
8,85

M
kN.m
0,00
88
88,41
41
114,17
134,48
149,74
,
160,65
168,09
153,82
129,83
92,13
18 88
18,88
168,03
122,33

CE3001 HW I
Problem 3)
Mechanical Characteristics

k
k

1
1

c
sy
su
Nor

f cd

f yk

f yd

Es

N/mm2
25

N/mm3
16 67
16,67

N/mm2
420

N/mm3
365 22
365,22

N/mm2
200000

C30

C35

C40

C45

C50

0,85

0,82

0,79

0,76

0,73

0,7

b
mm
400

h
mm
400

Bottom
d'
mm
50

Top

As1

x1

As2

x2

mm2
1500

mm
-150

mm2
1500

mm
150

0,85
0,003
0,001826
0,1
3727,536

400
350
325
300
275
250
200
150
100
50
217
98

Steel Reinforcement
Intermediate - I
As3
x3
mm2
1000

f ck

C12-C25

balanced
Mf

Cross Section

mm
0

negative:::: tension
positive::::
compression
p
p

bottom
Fs1

top
Fs2

int-1
Fs3

int-2
Fs4

int-3
Fs5

concrete
Fc

kN

kN

kN

kN

kN

kN

112,50
0,00
-69,23
-150,00
-245,45
245 45
-360,00
-547,50
-547,50
-547,50
-547,50
-547,50
-547,50

547,50
547,50
547,50
547,50
547 50
547,50
547,50
547,50
547,50
450,00
0,00
547,50
440,82

300,00
257,14
230,77
200,00
163 64
163,64
120,00
0,00
-200,00
-365,00
-365,00
47,00
-365,00

0,00
0,00
0,00
0,00
0 00
0,00
0,00
0,00
0,00
0,00
0,00
0,00
0,00

0,00
0,00
0,00
0,00
0 00
0,00
0,00
0,00
0,00
0,00
0,00
0,00
0,00

1926,67
1685,83
1565,42
1445,00
1324 58
1324,58
1204,17
963,33
722,50
481,67
240,83
1045,22
472,03

Intermediate - II
As4
x4

Intermediate - III
As5
x5

mm2
0

mm2
0

mm
0

mm
0

actual

idealized
M

kN
3727,54
2886,67
2490,48
2274,46
2042,50
1790 27
1790,27
1511,67
963,33
522,50
19,17
-671,67
1092,22
0,35

kN.m
0,00
123,05
168,52
189,37
209,39
229 05
229,05
249,02
275,03
262,69
225,49
125,17
276,90
222,99

kN
3727,54
1092,22
0,35

kN.m
0,00
276,90
222,99

balanced
Mf

sb

Esxs1

s1

s2

Esxs2

s2

s3

Esxs3

s3

s4

Esxs4

s4

400
350
325
300
275
250
200
150
100
50
217
98

0,0003750
0,0000000
-0,0002308
-0,0005000
-0,0008182
-0,0012000
-0,0022500
-0,0040000
0 0040000
-0,0075000
-0,0180000
-0,0018387
-0,0077143
,

75,0
0,0
-46,2
-100,0
-163,6
-240,0
-450,0
-800,0
800 0
-1500,0
-3600,0
-367,7
-1542,9
,

75,0
0,0
-46,2
-100,0
-163,6
-240,0
-365,0
-365,0
365 0
-365,0
-365,0
-365,0
-365,0
,

0,0026250
0,0025714
0,0025385
0,0025000
0,0024545
0,0024000
0,0022500
0,0020000
0 0020000
0,0015000
0,0000000
0,0023088
0,0014694
,

525,0
514,3
507,7
500,0
490,9
480,0
450,0
400,0
400 0
300,0
0,0
461,8
293,9
,

365,0
365,0
365,0
365,0
365,0
365,0
365,0
365,0
365 0
300,0
0,0
365,0
293,9
,

0,0015000
0,0012857
0,0011538
0,0010000
0,0008182
0,0006000
0,0000000
-0,0010000
0 0010000
-0,0030000
-0,0090000
0,0002350
-0,0031224
,

300,0
257,1
230,8
200,0
163,6
120,0
0,0
-200,0
200 0
-600,0
-1800,0
47,0
-624,5
,

300,0
257,1
230,8
200,0
163,6
120,0
0,0
-200,0
200 0
-365,0
-365,0
47,0
-365,0
,

0,0015000
0,0012857
0,0011538
0,0010000
0,0008182
0,0006000
0,0000000
-0,0010000
0 0010000
-0,0030000
-0,0090000
0,0002350
-0,0031224
,

300,0
257,1
230,8
200,0
163,6
120,0
0,0
-200,0
200 0
-600,0
-1800,0
47,0
-624,5
,

300,0
257,1
230,8
200,0
163,6
120,0
-365,0
-365,0
365 0
-365,0
-365,0
47,0
-365,0
,

s1

s2

s3

s4

s5

can not exceed fyd

s5

Esxs5

s5

0,0015000
0,0012857
0,0011538
0,0010000
0,0008182
0,0006000
0,0000000
-0,0010000
0 0010000
-0,0030000
-0,0090000
0,0002350
,
-0,0031224

300,0
257,1
230,8
200,0
163,6
120,0
0,0
-200,0
200 0
-600,0
-1800,0
47,0
,
-624,5

365,0
365,0
230,8
200,0
163,6
120,0
0,0
-365,0
365 0
-365,0
-365,0
47,0
,
-365,0

4000

M-N interaction diagram

3500
3000

hw13

N (kN)
kN)

2500
2000
1500
c
mm

1000
Nor

500
0
0

50

100

150

200

250

300

M (kN.m)

balanced
Mf

400
350
325
300
275
250
200
150
100
50
217
98

N
kN
3727,54
2886,67
2490,48
2274
2274,46
46
2042,50
1790,27
1511,67
,
963,33
522,50
19,17
-671,67
1092,22
0 35
0,35

M
kN.m
0,00
123,05
168,52
189
189,37
37
209,39
229,05
249,02
,
275,03
262,69
225,49
125,17
276,90
222 99
222,99