Sunteți pe pagina 1din 16

UNIVERSITATEA DIN BUCURETI

FACULTATEA DE TIINE POLITICE


Domeniul de master RELAII INTENAIONALE I STUDII EUROPENE
Programul de studii: RELAII INTERNAIONALE
Diplom de master n Relaii internaionale, 2 ani, cu frecven

2016-2017
Semestrul I, SP 2312

Politica extern a Statelor Unite ale Americii


curs obligatoriu

Dan Pavel
conf. univ. dr.
Descriere sintetic a cursului
Scopul acestui curs este de a facilita cunoaterea i nelegerea de ctre studeni a
logicii, actorilor politici, instituiilor, procedurilor, mentalitilor, intereselor, principiilor
i valorilor & expertizei implicate n procesul de producere a politicii externe a Statelor
Unite ale Americii. Se va insista asupra transformrilor spectaculoase petrecute n politica
internaional dup prbuirea superputerii sovietice, dup 9/11, dar mai ales dup
izbunirea crizei econonomice i financiare globale din 2008. Tradiional, politica extern
american este strns legat de politica intern. Pentru a nelege poziia internaional a
unicei supraputeri din perioada posterioar Rzboiului Rece, este obligatorie nelegerea
politicii sale naionale. Pe de alt parte, nelegerea politicii externe americane depinde de
nelegerea ntregii politici internaionale. Mai mult dect orice alt naiune tradiional
sau modern, USA este afectat i afecteaz politica mondial. Puterea Americii a fost
afectat dup 2008 de criza economic i financiar global, nceput n USA, aa c
asistm la o transformare spectaculoas a lumii unipolare de dup sfritul Rzboiului
Rece ntr-o post-American world sau n ceva mult mai complicat; indiferent cum stau
lucrurile, este imposibil nelegerea politicii mondiale fr o nelegere profund a
politicii externe a USA.
Participarea USA la WW II i ridicarea la statutul de supraputere aflat n
competiie au forat conceperea i funcionarea politicii naionale i internaionale pe trei
niveluri: sistemul domestic; complexul de securitate; complexul economic. Politica
internaional de la primul rzboi mondial pn n zilele noastre nu poate fi neleas n
afara politicii externe americane, care prin preedintele Woodrow Wilson a impus the
contemporary framework of the international community and world order. Bibliografia
pentru fiecare subiect este impresionant. n afar de bibliografia minimal obligatorie,
studenii snt ncurajai s studieze suplimentar cri, studii i articole legate de subiectele
particulare care i intereseaz.
Se va pune accent pe acele abordri analitice, teoretice i metodologice care snt
relevante pentru nelegerea politicii globale, politicii externe americane, actorilor politici
internaionali i pe consecinele actelor acelora. Unul dintre principalele scopuri ale
cursului i seminarului este de a ncuraja ncercrile studenilor de a folosi abordri

1
analitice pentru nelegerea i explicarea unor subiecte complexe prin folosirea
instrumentelor empirice i logice, nu a ideologiilor i (re)sentimentelor.
Programarea cursurilor i seminariilor este doar o ncercare de a organiza
includerea i succesiunea de teme, dar poate fi schimbat cnd logica predrii, studiului
sau cercetrii (ori accesul la material bibliografic de ultim or, n particular legat de
evenimente cruciale la zi de pe arena internaional) ofer alte oportuniti.

Forme i criterii de evaluare


Acest curs nu este nici o form de nvmnt prin coresponden ori de la
distan, nici o form de nvmnt fr frecven. El se bazeaz pe implicarea
studenilor n dezbaterile bazate pe bibliografia de la cursuri i seminarii, pe discutarea
cercetrii.
Una dintre condiiile promovrii acestui curs este parcurgerea integral de ctre
fiecare student a bibliografiei obligatorii. n mod normal, cercetarea trebuia s reprezinte
jumtate din creditul obinut n final. Pe baza standardelor explicate n cadrul seminarului
de cercetare de la nceputul semestrului, fiecare student urma s pregteasc un research
draft. Dup analiza acestui text, se trecea la stadiul urmtor, research paper. Pentru a
elimina situaia neplcut a predrii unor lucrri de cercetare care nu se bazeaz pe
ipoteze originale de cercetare, am redus ntregul proces la elaborarea i predarea unor
ipoteze de cercetare, dar dificultile evidente ntmpinate de studeni n conceperea
unor asemenea ipoteze, m-au fcut s reformulez algoritmul de calculare a notei finale.
n sesiunea din iarn, va fi un examen final, bazat pe ntreaga bibliografie
obligatorie, pri din curs & seminar, exerciii de formulare a unor ipoteze explicative.
Studenii care absenteaz mai mult de 7 ori (adic jumtate din cursuri) nu vor fi primii
la examenul final.
Nota final se va calcula dup urmtorul algoritm:
Nota Final =
1/3 din not va fi cea primit la examenul final (scris);
+
2/3 din not va fi alctuit din activitatea n timpul semestrului:
[research hypothesis/ research paper, pentru studenii care continu cercetarea (cei
care continu cercetarea vor avea nevoie doar de o singur intervenie n seminar);
o prezentare (1) seminar, bazat pe bibliografia obligatorie sau pe temele de
dezbatere stabilite de comun acord;
activitate n seminar minim 3 intervenii, inclusiv cele de prezentare a
actualitii politicii externe americane, dar i analize pertinente, originale ale lecturilor
obligatorii (una dintre intervenii va fi legat de portofoliul de lecturi obligatorii i
opionale, despre care vom discuta n seminar)1;
1
Pentru mai mult de 3 intervenii n seminar, studenii vor primi un bonus. Fiecare student va prezenta la
sfritul semestrului portofoliul de lecturi obligatorii, opionale i libere, dup metodologia discutat n
seminar.

2
testul intersemestrial scris, vezi programarea]

Programul cursurilor:
1. Sptmna: Octombrie 3-7, 2017
Tema: Curs introductiv: Making U.S. Foreign Policy Work. USA i cele dou
rzboaie mondiale europene. The strategic flexible situation during the Cold War, and
how USA won the Cold War and provoked the breakdown of the Evil Empire, the
Soviet Communist Empire, and the breakdown of the other superpower USSR. The
greatest intelligence covert action in history, and the role of CIA. The most successful
foreign policy in modern time the transformation of Europe, the most dangerous place
of modernity, where the Gulag and the Holocaust were perpetuated, the continent where
WWI and WWII started. The Cold War period and the post-Cold War period from
bipolarism to unipolarism, from the confrontations of superpowers to a single
superpower. Controverse, estimri i predicii cu privire la multipolarism, the post-
American world i viitoarea ordine mondial.
Explicarea formelor i criteriilor de evaluare. Discutarea temelor, prezentrilor
studenilor n seminar.

2. Sptmna: Octombrie 10-14,


Tema I: seminar de cercetare
Tema II seminar: U. S. Administrations after 9/11: strategic consequences of the
enemy change from the Cold War to the international war against terrorism;
Argumente pro i contra interveniei din Siria; problema intervenionismului
n general. Consecine ale nonintervenionismului i ale carenelor de planificare
strategic i analiz de intelligence apariia i dezvoltarea ISIS/ISIS (Califatul).
Recomandri bibliografice:
Henry Kissinger, "Syrian intervention risks upsetting world order", Washington
Post, June 2, 2012, ] http://www.washingtonpost.com/opinions/syrian-intervention-
risks-upsetting-global-order/2012/06/01/gJQA9fGr7U_print.html //
Dennis B. Ross and Andrew J. Tabler, The Case for (Finally) Bombing Assad,
New York Times, Aug. 3, 2016, [US foreign policy; Russian foreign policy; ],
http://www.nytimes.com/2016/08/03/opinion/the-case-for-finally-bombing-assad.html?
action=click&pgtype=Homepage&clickSource=story-heading&module=opinion-c-col-
left-region®ion=opinion-c-col-left-region&WT.nav=opinion-c-col-left-region //
Anonymous, The Mystery of ISIS", New York Review of Books, August 13,
2015 , http://www.nybooks.com/articles/archives/2015/aug/13/mystery-isis/ //; //

3. Sptmna: Octombrie 17-21,


Tema seminar: the American foreign policy at the end of World War I and the
rules of the new world order. The role of President Woodrow Wilson.
Lecturi2:

2
Tot ceea ce apare sub sigla Lecturi nseamn lecturi obligatorii. Ceea ce nu este obligatoriu, ci numai
lectur suplimentar, dar de interes.

3
George C. Herring, From Colony to Superpower. U.S. Foreign Relations since
1776 (Oxford, New York: Oxford University Press, 2008) [The Oxford History of the
United States]; chapter 10, "<<A New Age>>: Wilson, the Great War, and the Quest for a
New World Order, 1913-1921", 378-435;

4. Sptmna: Octombrie 24-28,


Tema I: seminar de cercetare
Tema II : the American foreign policy before and during World War II (the role of
Presidents Roosevelt and Truman) ; the strategic, military, intelligence revolution of
Truman, and his revolution of American foreign policy.
Lecturi:
Herring, From Colony to Superpower, chapters 13, <<Five Continents and Seven
Seas>>: World War II and the Rise of American Globalism, 19411945," 538-594, and
14, <<A Novel Burden Far from Our Shores.>> Truman, the Cold War, and the
Revolution in U.S. Foreign Policy, 1945-1953, 595-650;

5. Sptmna: Octombrie 31-Noiembrie 4,


Tema: Principalele coli americane de relaii internaionale i gndire strategic;
principalele coli de politic extern american (foreign policy making process)
(Realismul, Idealismul, Pluralismul, Globalismul .a.m.d.).
Lecturi:
Charles Krauthammer, Democratic Realism. An American Foreign Policy for a
Unipolar World, speech delivered at the American Enterprise Institute for Public Policy
Research, February 12, 2004;
Francis Fukuyama, The Neoconservative Moment, The National Interest, June
1, 2004;
Charles Krauthammer, In Defense of Democratic Realism, The National
Interest, Fall 2004;
Lecturi suplimentare: Francis Fukuyama, After the Neocons. America at the
Crossroads (London: Profile Books, 2006); vezi i traducerea romneasc, America la
rscruce (Filipetii de Pdure: Antet XX Press, 2007);

6. Sptmna: Noiembrie 7-11,


Tema: Politica extern american n timpul administraiilor Bush jr i Obama,
perspectivele politicii externe dup alegerile din 2016. De la The Bush Revolution in
Foreign Policy la the Obama Revolution in Foreign Policy. The Bush Legacy. Obama,
criza economic i financiar mondial & uciderea lui Osama bin Laden; from al Qaeda
to the rise of ISIS; the importance of Asia-Pacific (or Indo-Asia-Pacific)
Alegerile din 2016 Hillary Clinton sau Donald Trump?
DEZBATERE: comparai i explicai diferenele dintre politica extern
american a preedinilor post-9/11. Care au fost i snt punctele tari i punctele
slabe ale administraiilor Bush jr i Obama?

4
Lecturi:
Daalder and Lindsay, America Unbound. The Bush Revolution in Foreign Policy, pp. 1-
16, 116-128, 188-200;
from George Bush, Decision Points, at least 25 pages, at your choice ( only if you read the other
two texts);
Woodward, Obama's Wars, 3-9, 18-21, 40-45, 52-53, 99-101, 144-145, 165-167, 192-
193, 214-216, 290;

7. Sptmna: Noiembrie 14-18,


Tema: Vechile i noile provocri strategice China, Rusia, Iran, Egipt,
Siria, Pakistan; America and the Pacific Century priority Asia-Pacific. Opiunile
strategice din timpul Rzboiului Rece i de dup 9/11 n relaiile USA cu regimurile
totalitare (inclusiv teocratice), dictaturi militare i civile, state agresoare, parteneri
strategici;
Lecturi :
Jeane J. Kirkpatrick, Dictatorships & Double Standards, Commentary, Vol 68,
No 5, Nov. 1, 1979, [The Classic Essay That Shaped Reagans Foreign
Policy"], https://www.commentarymagazine.com/articles/dictatorships-double-standards/

Emerson T. Brooking and P. W. Singer, War Goes Viral. How social media in
being weaponized across the world", The Atlantic, November 2016, [the whole article
here at war & The Atlantic],
http://www.theatlantic.com/magazine/archive/2016/11/war-goes-viral/501125/ //

Jeffrey Goldberg, The Obama Doctrine [The U.S. president talks through his
hardest decisions about Americas role in the world], The Atlantic , April 2016,
http://www.theatlantic.com/magazine/archive/2016/04/the-obama-doctrine/471525/?
utm_source=atl-daily-newsletter//

8. Sptmna: Noiembrie 21-25,


Tema & dezbatere: Relaiile dintre SUA i the emerging powers of the coming
multipolar world (China; Rusia; UE; India; Brazilia; Japonia; Germania; ). Triada
geopolitic USA-China-Rusia i rzboaiele economice ale lumii contemporane.
Lecturi:;
Zbigniew Brzezinski, The Choice. Global Domination and Global Leadership
(New York: Basic Books, 2004), chapters Preface, The Dilemmas of National
Insecurity, Conclusion and Summary: Domination or Leadership, vii-xi, 1-40, 213-
230;
Brzezinski, Triada geostrategic. Convieuirea cu China, Europa, Rusia ;

5
Fareed Zakaria, The Post-American World. And the Rise of the Rest (London,
New York: Penguin Books, 2009), chapters The Rise of the Rest, The Challenger,
American Purpose, 1-5, 87-128, 215-259;
Henry Kissinger, On China (New York: The Penguin Press, 2011), chapters The
Singurlarity of China, China Confronts both Superpowers, The Quasy-Alliance:
Conversations with Mao, The New Millenium ();
Lecturi suplimentare:
Jon Kyl, Douglas J. Feith, and John Fonte, "The War on Law. How New
International Law Undermines Democratic Sovereignty", Foreign Affairs, July/August
2013, http://www.foreignaffairs.com/articles/139459/jon-kyl-douglas-j-feith-and-john-
fonte/the-war-of-law?page=show ;

9. Sptmna: Noiembrie 28-Decembrie 1,


Tema : Key moments of the Cold War, nuclear deterrence and the impact of US
Foreign Policy on the collapse of the Soviet Communist Sytem. The role of Presidents
JFK, Johnson, Nixon, Carter, Reagan and the role of their strategic advisors (Kissinger,
Brzezinsky, Kirckpatrick).
Lecturi
Herring, From Colony to Superpower, chapters 16, Gullivers Troubles: Kennedy,
Johnson, and the Limits of Power, 19611968, 702-759: ch 17, Nixon,
Kissinger, and the End of the Postwar Era, 19691974, 760-809; ch 18, Foreign
Policy in an Age of Dissonance, 19741981, 810-860 , and ch 19, <<A Unique
and Extraordinary Moment>>: Gorbachev, Reagan, Bush, and the End of the Cold
War, 19811991, 861-916;

10. Sptmna: Decembrie 5-9,


Tema: Complexul naional de securitate al USA: Preedintele, Congresul i
declanarea rzboaielor; rolul serviciilor de intelligence i al lui intelligence community
n U.S. Foreign Policy Making Process (ageniile american de intelligence n WWII, the
Cold War, dup prbuirea Zidului Berlinului, dup 9/11); Department of Defense, the
Pentagon, and military intelligence; controlul armamentului; folosirea forei n politica
internaional; Aiding Democracy Abroad; crearea NATO i rolul su contemporan;
Bazele militare americane din ntreaga lume;
Lecturi: Woodward, The Secret Wars of the CIA, 1981-1987, 84-104;
Coll, Ghost Wars. The Secret History of the CIA, Afghanistan and Bin Laden,
from the Soviet Invasion to September 10, 2001, 125-146;
Woodward, Plan of Attack. The Definitive Account of the Decision to Invade Iraq,
31-44, 54-56, 67-73, 108-109, 248-250;
Office of the National Counterintelligence Executive, Foreign Spies Stealing US
Economic Secrets in Cyberspace. Report to Congress on Economic Collection and
Industrial Espionage, 2009-2011, October 2011;

11. Sptmna: Decembrie 12-23, 2016

6
Tema: Test intersemestrial politica extern a SUA.
Lecturi: Cursul plus bibliografia studiat pn acum.

12. Sptmna: Ianuarie, 2017


Tema: Politica extern american i universul security studies, strategic studies,
intelligence studies. Defining/assessing security challenges, risks, threats and dilemmas.
Lecturi: bibliografie flexibil, n funcie de prezentrile individuale alese de
studeni;
U.S. Congress: rolul puterii legislative n politica intern i extern american
(buget; controlul administraiei, armatei i serviciilor de intelligence; Congressional
committees i rolul lor n U.S. foreign policy; diplomaia parlamentar i rolul
internaional al U.S. Senators and Representatives;
Lecturi: Lake, Somoza Falling. A Case Study of Washington at Work, 193-210;
Smith, Jocul puterii. Politica la Washington, D.C., 40-46, 232-240, 571-579, ;

13. Sptmna: Ianuarie , 2017


The role of think tanks, political analysts, newspapers, magazines, televisions,
universities and research journals in the debate on national interests and the priorities of
U.S. Foreign Policy Making Process. Rolul minilor luminate n gndirea strategic i
politica extern american, n security studies, intelligence studies: Morgenthau; Kennan;
Kissinger; Brzezinski; Nye; Huntington; Waltz; Waltzer; Fukuyama; liberalii i
neoconservatorii; articole, studii, rapoarte, cri publicate n 2008-2010;
Lecturi: prezentri restane; dezbateri cu privire la viziunile diferite ale
strategilor americani (Morgenthau; Kennan; Kissinger; Brzezinski; Nye; Huntington;
Waltz; Waltzer; Fukuyama) i influena lor asupra preedinilor/administraiilor
americane;

14. Sptmna: Ianuarie, 2017


Tema: Globalizare i americanizare fenomene identice? Teoriile conspiraioniste
i realitatea complexului mondial de putere. Concluzii pentru cursul de politic extern
american. Evaluarea rezultatelor la test i a lucrrilor de cercetare.

Teme dezbatere seminar


La alegere, din urmtoarea list de teme (sau din alte teme propuse de studeni),
vom organiza dezbateri, preferabil pe echipe, n controvers:
- dezbaterea electoral din 2016, care ar putea s fie politica extern
american if the next U. S. President will be Hilary Clinton or Donald
Trump?
- Acordurile de liber schimb ale Americii: un secol de liberalism economic
i de capitalism al bunstrii; afacerile, dezvoltarea economic i politica
extern american; crizele economice i
- antiamericanismul i teoriile cu privire la antiamericanism. De ce snt uri
americanii n lume? De ce snt iubii americanii n lume?

7
- primvara arab i repoziionarea politicii externe americane n Orientul
Mijlociu i nordul Africii. Case studies Libia, Egipt, Irak, Iran, Israel-Palestina, Algeria,
Siria, Arabia Saudit i emiratele, ; Criza egiptean armata, Fria Musulman,
arestarea preedintelui Morsi i poziionarea USA; the rise of ISIS, and the new
Russian expansionism;
rolul politicii externe i diplomaiei americane n promovarea democraiei
n lume, dar i double standards in U.S. Foreign Policy Making-process;
strategiile alese pentru contracararea URSS i a influenei comuniste
globale n timpul Rzboiului Rece;
USA & international institutions;
teoriile conspiraioniste privind cine conduce lumea?, rzboaie pentru
petrol i politicile americane n domeniul energiei, resurselor naturale, cilor de
comunicaie mondiale, combaterii pirateriei, etc;
money, economy & politics: criza din USA provoaca in 2008 criza
economica si financiara globala;
dilemele i contradiciile dintre normele politicii interne democratice
americane i soluiile politicii externe americane la provocrile internaionale;
the use of secret services in foreign affairs of:
a. Liberal democracies & intelligence services
b. Totalitarian countries & political police
Post-WWII, post-Cold War, and post-9/11 controversies about the global reach of
secret services (NSA scandal; but also the scandals involving Russian, Chinese, Saudi
intelligence services)
comparaia dintre politica extern a unor ri din categorii diferite
(including military; intelligence; trade; role in international or regional organizations; )
. Superpowers (URSS; USA)
. Rising powers (Nazi Germany; Japan in the '30s and
'40s; contemporary China & India & Russia)
. Middle size, but powerful countries, some of them with
nuclear weapons (contemporary Germany; Pakistan;
Ukraine; Iran; )
. Small countries (but not all small countries are alike:
compare Romania, Holland, Israel, Albania, and so on)
. Failed states (this is for you to complete)

Bibliography
- David S. Alberts and Thomas J. Czerwinski, Complexity, Global Politics, and
National Security (National Defense University, Institute for National
Strategic Studies, 1997);
- Cristopher Andrew and Vasili Mitrokhin, The Sword and the Shield. The
Mitrokhin Archive and the Secret History of KGB [vol.1] (New York: Basic

8
Books, 1999); [exista si traducere in limba romana, cel putin pentru volumul
I]
- Cristopher Andrew and Vasili Mitrokhin, The Mitrokhin Archive II. The KGB
and the World [vol.2] (New York, London: Penguin Books, 2001);
- Wayne Baker, Americas Crisis of Values. Reality and Perception (Princeton
and Oxford: Princeton University Press, 2005);
- James Bamford, The Puzzle Palace: Inside the National Security Agency.
America's Most Secret Intelligence Organization (New York: The Viking
Press, 2001) [first edition 1982, The Puzzle Palace: A Report on America's
Most Secret Agency/1984 paperback; ] [exist i o traducere n limba romn, pe
circuit restrns, cu titlul Palatul enigmelor. O descriere a celei mai secrete
instituii din S.U.A.];
- James Bamford, They Know Much More Than You Think, New York
Review of Books, July 12, 2013 (about NSA),
http://www.nybooks.com/articles/archives/2013/aug/15/nsa-they-know-much-more-you-
think/?pagination=false ;
- Paul Berman, Terror and Liberalism (New York, London: W. W. Norton &
Company, 2003);
- Zbigniew Brzezinski and Samuel Huntington, Political Power: USA / USSR.
Similarities and contrasts. Convergence or evolution (New York: The Viking
Press, 1969, seventh printing);
- Zbigniew Brzerzinski, Marea tabl de ah: supremaia american i
imperativele sale geostrategice, traducere de Aureliana Ionescu (Bucureti:
Editura Univers enciclopedic, 2000);
- Zbigniew Brzezinski, Triada geostrategic. Convieuirea cu China, Europa,
Rusia, traducere de Sanda-Ileana Racoviceanu (Bucureti: Editura Historia,
2006) )(ediia american aprut n 2000);
- Zbigniew Brzezinski, The Choice. Global Domination and Global Leadership
(New York: Basic Books, 2004);
- Zbigniew Brzezinski, A doua ans. Trei preedini i criza superputerii
americane, traducere de Andreea Nstaste (loc neprecizat: Antet, an
neprecizat) (ediia american aprut n 2007);
- George Bush, Decision Points (New York: Crowne Publishers, 2010); [cartea
a fost ntre timp tradus i n romnete, Momente de decizie, editura
PandoraM];
- Thomas Carothers, Aiding Democracy Abroad. The Learning Curve
(Washington, D.C.: Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, 1999);
Richard A. Clarke, Against All Enemies. Inside Americas War on Terror (New
York: Free Press, 2004);
Hillary Clinton, "America's Pacific Century. (The future of politics will be
decided in Asia[Pacific] and the United States will be right at the center of the
action)", Foreign Policy, October 11, 2011,
http://www.foreignpolicy.com/articles/2011/10/11/americas_pacific_century?
page=full ; better link at

9
http://www2.warwick.ac.uk/fac/soc/pais/research/easg/easg_calendar/america
27s_pacific_century_2011.pdf ;
- Hillary Rodham Clinton, Hard Choices (New York: Simon & Schuster, 2014)
[e];
- Steve Coll, Ghost Wars. The Secret History of the CIA, Afghanistan and Bin
Laden, from the Soviet Invasion to September 10, 2001 (London, New York:
Penguin Books, 2004);
- Robert Cooper, The Breaking of Nation. Order and Chaos in the Twenty-First
Century (London: Atlantic Books, 2004);
- Seth Cropsey, The Intellectual Roots of American Strategy, Ph.D.
Dissertation, Universitatea Babe Bolyai din Cluj, July 2011, Scientific
Advisor: Prof. univ. dr. Andrei Marga;
- Ivo H. Daalder and James M. Lindsay, America Unbound. The Bush
Revolution in Foreign Policy (Washington, D.C.: Brookings Institution Press,
2003);
- Ivo H. Daalder and James G. Stavridis, NATO's Victory in Libya. The Right
Way to Run an Intervention, Foreign Affairs, March/April 2012, Volume 91,
Number 2 ;
- I.M. Destler, American Trade Politics (Washington, D.C., New York: Institute
for International Economics, The Twentieth Century Fund, 1992, second
edition);
- Niall Ferguson, Colossus. The Price of Americas Empire (New York: The
Penguin Press, 2004);
- Domenico Fisichella, tiina politic. Probleme, concepte, teorii, traducere i
postfa de Victor Marcu (Iai: Polirom, 2007);
- Thomas L. Friedman, The World is Flat. The Globalized World in the Twenty-
First Century, updated and expanded edition (London: Penguin Books, 2006);
- Francis Fukuyama, The Neoconservative Moment, The National Interest,
June 1, 2004, http://nationalinterest.org/article/the-neoconservative-moment-
811 [e];
- Francis Fukuyama, After the Neocons. America at the Crossroads (London:
Profile Books, 2006); vezi i traducerea romneasc, America la rscruce
(Filipetii de Pdure: Antet XX Press, 2007);
- Patrick Glynn, Closing Pandoras Box. Arms Races, Arms Control, and the
History of the Cold War (New York: A New Republic Book, Basic Books,
1992);
- Robert E. Goodin, Hans-Dieter Klingemann, Manual de tiin politic,
traducere colectiv (Iai: Polirom, 2005);
- Martin Griffiths, Relaii internaionale. coli, curente, gnditori, traducere
colectiv, prefa de Ionel Nicu Sava (Bucureti: Editura Ziua, 2003);
- Rod Hague, Martin Harrop and Shaun Breslin, Political Science. A
Comparative Introduction (New York: St. Martins Press, 1992);
- Rod Hague & Martin Harrop, Comparative Government and Politics. An
Introduction (New York: Palgrave MacMillan, 2007) ), 7th edition revised and
updated;

10
- George C. Herring, From Colony to Superpower. U.S. Foreign Relations since
1776 (Oxford, New York: Oxford University Press, 2008) [The Oxford
History of the United States] [e]3;
- Christopher Hitchens, Blood, Class and Empire. The Enduring Anglo-
American Relationship (New York: Nation Books, 2004);
- Richard Hoolbrooke, To End a War (New York: Random House, 1998);
- Samuel P. Huntington, The Third Wave. Democratization in the Late
Twentieth Century (Norman and London: University of Oklahoma Press,
1991/ 1993) [e];
- Samuel P. Huntington, The Clash of Civilization?, Foreign Affairs, Volume
72, Summer 1993;
- Samuel P. Huntington, The Clash of Civilizations and the Remaking of World
Order (New York: Simon & Schuster, 1996);
- Martin S. Indik, Kenneth G. Lieberthal, and Michael E. O'Hanlon, Scoring
Obama's Foreign Policy. A Progressive Pragmatist Tries to Bend History 4,
Foreign Affairs, May/June 2012, Volume 91, Number 3, 29-43;
- Chalmers Johnson, The Sorrows of Empire. Militarism, Secrecy, and the End
of the Republic (New York: Metropolitan Books, Henry Holt and Company,
2004);
- Loch K. Johnson, Secret Agencies. U.S. Intelligence in a Hostile World (New
Haven and London: Yale University Press, 1996);
- Adam Jones, Genocide. A Comprehensive Introduction (London and New
York: Routledge, 2009);
- Robert Kagan, Power and Weakness, Policy Review, No. 113, June 2003;
vezi traducerea n romnete a ntregii cri, Robert Kagan, Despre paradis i
putere (Bucureti: , 2005);
- Robert D. Kaplan, The Coming Anarchy. How scarcity, crime,
overpopulation, tribalism, and disease are rapidly destroying the social fabric
of our planet, The Atlantic, February 1994, [translated, Anarhia care va veni,
volum], http://www.theatlantic.com/magazine/archive/1994/02/the-coming-
anarchy/304670/?single_page=true // related, twenty years later, Robert D.
Kaplan, Why So Much Anarchy?, Global Affairs, February 4,
2014, http://www.stratfor.com/weekly/why-so-much-anarchy;
- Robert D. Kaplan, The Revenge of Geography. What the Map Tells Us about
Coming Conflicts and the Battle Against Fate (New York: Random
House, 2012) [e];
- Robert D. Kaplan, From Beijing to Jerusalem. The Creation of a mega-zone
of conflict", Politico, January 8, 2014,
http://www.politico.com/magazine/story/2014/01/post-america-conflict-from-
beijing-to-jerusalem-101917_full.html#.UtEFNXkUXlJ ;

3
Books with [e] at the end are available in electronic format.
4
Essay adapted from the book Bending History: Barack Obama's Foreign Policy (Brookings Institution
Press, 2012).

11
- David Kaye, The Legal Consequences of Illegal Wars. What Will Follow
Obama's Forray Into Syria, Foreign Affairs on-line, August 29, 2013,
http://www.foreignaffairs.com/articles/139886/david-kaye/the-legal-consequences-of-illegal-
wars ;
- John Keegan, Intelligence in War. Knowledge of the Enemy from Napoleon to
al-Qaeda (London: Pimlico, 2004);
- Paul Kennedy, The Rise and Fall of the Great Powers. Economic Change and
Military Conflict from 1500 to 2000 (London: Fontana Press, 1988);
- Paul Kennedy, The Parliament of Man. The Past, Present, and Future of the
United Nations (New York: Random House, 2006);
- Jeane J. Kirkpatrick, Dictatorships & Double Standards, Commentary, Vol
68, No 5, Nov. 1, 1979, [The Classic Essay That Shaped Reagans Foreign
Policy"], https://www.commentarymagazine.com/articles/dictatorships-
double-standards/ ;
- Henry A. Kissinger, American Foreign Policy. Three Essays (New York: W.
W. Norton & Company Inc., 1969);
- Henry Kissinger, Diplomaia, traducere de M. tefnescu, R. Paraschivescu
(Bucureti: Editura ALL, 1998);
- Henry Kissinger, On China (New York: The Penguin Press, 2011) [e] [exist
i o traducere n limba romn];
- Henry Kissinger, World Order. Reflections on the Character of Nations and
the Course of History (New York: Penguin Books, 2014) [e];
- *Charles Krauthammer, Democratic Realism. An American Foreign Policy
for a Unipolar World, speech delivered at the American Enterprise Institute
for Public Policy Research, February 12, 2004,
https://www.aei.org/publication/democratic-realism/ [e];
- *Charles Krauthammer, In Defense of Democratic Realism, The National
Interest, Fall 2004, http://users.clas.ufl.edu/zselden/Course
%20Readings/Krauthammer.pdf [e];
- Jon Kyl, Douglas J. Feith, and John Fonte, "The War on Law. How New
International Law Undermines Democratic Sovereignty", Foreign Affairs,
July/August 2013, http://www.foreignaffairs.com/articles/139459/jon-kyl-
douglas-j-feith-and-john-fonte/the-war-of-law?page=show ;
- Anthony Lake, Somoza Falling. A Case Study of Washington at Work
(Amherst: The University of Massachusetts Press, 1989);
- Bernard Lewis, What Went Wrong? The Clash Between Islam and Modernity
in the Middle East (New York: Perrenial/Harper Collins Publishers,
2002/2003 with post 9/11 afterward);
- Anatol Lieven and John Hulsman, Ethical Realism. A Vision for Americas
Role in the World (New York: Pantheon Books, 2006);
- Damon Linker, The Theocons. Secular America Under Siege (New York,
London: Doubleday, 2006);
- *Michael Mandelbaum, The Ideas That Conquered the World. Peace,
Democracy, and Free Markets in the Twenty-First Century (New York: Public
Affairs, 2002);

12
- Thomas E. Mann (ed.), A Question of Balance. The President, The Congress
and Foreign Policy (Washington: The Brookings Institution, 1990);
- Alen Mintz and Bruce Russett (eds.), New Directions for International
Relations. Confronting the Method-of-Analysis Problem (Lanham, Boulder,
New York, Toronto, Oxford: Lexington Books, 2005);
- Theodore H. Moran, American Economic Policy and National Security (New
York: Council on Foreign Relations Press, 1993);
- Hans J. Morgenthau, Kenneth W. Thompson, Politics Among Nations. The
Struggle for Power and Peace (New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1985) [sixth
edition];
- Richard E. Neustadt, Presidential Power and the Modern Presidents. The
Politics of Leadership from Roosevelt to Reagan (New York: The Free Press,
1990);
- Joseph S. Nye, Jr., The Paradox of American Power. Why the Worlds Only
Superpower Cant Go It Alone (Oxford, New York: Oxford University Press,
2002);
- Joseph Nye, Jr., Descifrarea conflictelor internaionale. Teorie i istorie,
traducere de Ion Vldoiu (loc neprecizat: Antet, 2005)5;
- Office of the National Counterintelligence Executive, Foreign Spies Stealing
US Economic Secrets in Cyberspace. Report to Congress on Economic
Collection and Industrial Espionage, 2009-2011, October 2011;
- William H. Overholt, Asia, America, and the Transformation of Geopolitics
(Cambridge, New York: Oxford University Press, 2008) [e];
- Dan Pavel, Politica internaional ntre Obama 100 i Obama 1000, n Sfera
Politicii, Nr 134, 2009, Anul, XVII, 68-76;
- James Perloff, n umbra puterii. Consiliul pentru Relaii Externe i declinul
american, traducere de Cornelia i Mihai Lazarus (Bucureti: Editura Tehnic,
1997)6;
- Norman Podhoretz, World War IV: How It Started, What It Means, and Why
We Have to Win, Commentary, September 2004, pp. 17-55;
- Danny Postel, Fukuyamas moment: a neocon schism, OpenDemocracy, 28
October 2004;
- Jean-Francois Revel, Obsesia anti-american. Cum funcioneaz, care i snt
cauzele i inconsecvenele, traducere de Dan C. Mihilescu (Bucureti:
Humanitas, 2004) (see English translation or French original);
- David, E. Sanger, The Inheritance. A New President Confronts the World
(London: Black Swan, 2010)7;

5
Alt carte prost tradus, nc din titlu. Originalul Understanding International Conflicts. An
Introduction to Theory and History.
6
Carte inclus n bibliografie pentru a ilustra categoria ABERAII sau AA NU!, fiind ilustrativ
pentru patologia teoriilor conspiraioniste.
7
Aceast ediie este mbuntit fa de versiunea publicat n 2009 de Bentam Press.

13
- Hedrick Smith, Jocul puterii. Politica la Washington, D.C. (titlu original The
Power Game. How Washington Works), traducere de Daniela Micov i
Alexandra Petrea (Bucureti: Editura ALL, 1998)8;
- Joseph E. Stiglitz, n cdere liber. America, piaa liber i prbuirea
economiei mondiale, traducere de Smaranda Nistor, cuvnt nainte de
Crengua Nicolae (Bucureti: Publica, 2010) ; English version in [e];
- Paul R. Viotti, Mark V. Kauppi, International Relations Theory. Realism,
Pluralism, Globalism (New York, London: MacMillan Publishing Company,
1987);
- Kenneth Waltz, Theory of International Politics (Reading, Mass. : Addison-
Wesley, 1979);
- Michael Walzer, Just and Unjust Wars. A Moral Argument With Historical
Illustrations, third edition (New York: Basic Books, 1977/ 2000);
- Bob Woodward, VEIL: The Secret Wars of the CIA, 1981-1987 (New York,
London: Pocket Books, 1987);
- Bob Woodward, Bush at War (New York, London: Simon & Schuster, 2002)
[e];
- Bob Woodward, Plan of Attack. The Definitive Account of the Decision to
Invade Iraq (New York, London: Simon & Shuster, 2004) [e];
- Bob Woodward, State of Denial [Bush at War. Part III] (New York, London:
Simon & Shuster, 2006) [e];
- Bob Woodward, The War Within. A Secret White House History, 2006-2008
(New York, London: Simon & Shuster, 2008) [e];
- Bob Woodward, Obama's Wars (New York, London: Simon & Schuster, 2010)
[e];
- Daniel Yankelovich and I. M. Destler (eds.), Beyond the Beltway. Engaging
the Public in U.S. Foreign Policy (New York, London: W. W. Norton &
Company, 1994);
- Fareed Zakaria, The Post-American World. And the Rise of the Rest (London,
New York: Penguin Books, 2009); [cartea a fost tradus i n limba romn]
Studenii snt ncurajai s citeasc anumite colecii de foreign policy, strategic studies,
intelligence, and political science journals, care snt n mare msur relevante pentru
nelegerea procesului de U.S. foreign policy making-process i a relaiilor internaionale:
Foreign Affairs,
Foreign Policy9,
National Interest,
Policy Review,
CIA Studies,
Commentary,
Harvard International Review,
Intelligence and National Security,
8
Atenie! Alt capodoper a incompetenei culturale a traductorilor.
9
Exist i o versiune n limba romn i printat a publicaiei Foreign Policy, tradus extrem de
deficitar, publicat de Adevrul, dar publicaia n englez este diferit, cu blogs, links i poate fi
consultat integral on line, la www.foreignpolicy.com .

14
International Affairs,
International Development Review,
International Journal of Intelligence and CounterIntelligence,
International Organizations,
Journal of Conflict Resolution,
Journal of Democracy,
Journal of Interamerican Studies and World Affairs,
Journal of International Affairs,
Journal of Peace Research,
Military Review,
Orbis: A Journal of World Affairs,
Washington Quarterly: A Review of Strategic and International Studies,
World Affairs: A Journal of Ideas and Debates,
World Policy Journal,
World Politics,
RUSI Journal (The Royal United Services Institute for Defence Studies),
Review of International Studies (formerly British Journal of International Studies),
Strategic Review,
Pacific Affairs,
International Political Science Review (Revue International de Science Politique);
besides this list of professional journals, there are some prestigious cultural and political
opinion magazines, with contributions about U.S. Foreign Policy and the role of USA in
international politics authored by the best specialists and critics in the world, like
The New York Review of Books,
The New Republic,
Times Literary Supplement.
The most prestigious strategic thinkers, international relations experts, U.S.
politicians are very present with their articles, editorials in famous American, British,
European daily newspapers, like New York Times, Washington Post, Philadelphia
Inquirer, Wall Street Journal, Financial Times, or in weekly magazines as Economist,
Time, Newsweek, U.S. News & World Report.
Some of the political science, international relations, strategic studies journals are
available on the Internet. Also, sites of some of the most important think tanks involved
in strategic studies, international relations, intelligence, human rights, international trade,
etc are available for those interested. Here is a short list of sites useful for this course:
- www.aei.org American Enterprise Institute;
- www.brookings.org - Brookings Institute;
- www.ciaonet.org Columbia International Affairs Online;
www.columbia.edu/cu/lweb/indiv/lehman/guides/intell.html#agencies huge resource
www.cfr.org Council on Foreign Relations;
www.foreignpolicy.org Heritage Foundation;
www.stratfor.com Stratfor Globall Intelligence;
www.globalsecurity.org GlobalSecurity.org ;
- www.iss-eu.org EU Institute for Security Studies;

15
- www.rand.org - Rand Foundation ;
- www.usip.org/pubs.html - United States Institute of Peace;
- www.mtholyoke.edu/acad/intrel/feros-pg.html - Vincent Ferraro - Resources for the
Study of International Politics, Columbia University, USA;

16