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"Keynotes: - People work hard because they are motivated to achieve something. Many companies encourage hard work by offering higher pay and bonuses for good performance. In the past, companies rewarded long-term ervice and loyalty to the company. Staft were motivated by the chance of promotion to senior positions. Nowaday: companies are less hierarchical, and_people change jobs-more often. This means that companies have to find new ways to attract and keep talented workers - for yy creating a more ing working environment. Speaking Rea What motivates you to work harder? Choose three factors from the list. Explain your choices to a partner. | the prospect of earning good money in the future competition with others working in a friendly environment having fun while you work receiving praise meeting a challenge working on something that is interesting and exciting feeling confident that you can do something well Listen to Dilys Breeze, a human resources manager, talking about motivating workers in her company. Which of the factors in the list above does she mention? i Listen again and complete the text. Most people feel motivated when they know they are making a and doing something * f ap need to receive praise. They want to feel that others their problems or suggestions. And most want to develop their* and * new things. 5 Tick what managers should do, according to Dilys Breeze. stimulate ‘encourage criticise support [_] listen] shout] help] instruct [] Did you have similar ideas to Dilys Breeze? [1] Read the article on the opposite page and find four reasons why some companies are trying to attract young workers. Dy Read the article again and answer the following questions. 1 What does CapitalOne offer its employees? 2 What five things are most important to young people in their work? 5] Which of the following things were generally true in the past (P) and which are true today (1), according to the article? Office culture is formal. People only become top managers after years of loyal service. Companies can grow rapidly and also fail suddenly. 4 Workers have to show respect for their superiors. 5 Companies prefer workers who understand e-business. 6 People work for the same company all their lives. 7 Young people have many opportunities to show creativity Survey: The young The kids are all right ‘Young people at work can now expect opportunity, responsibility, respect ~ and fun Yoni tie fam te one ‘American’ playground in. Florida, there are basketball courts and volleyball nets. Inside, thete are bright colours, Nerf guns ancl a games room ‘with pingpong. This is nota school, but the offices. of CapitalOne, one of “America’s largest cediteard. Firms. The firm gives each department a monthly “fun Budget. The same sort of thing can 'be found across corporate America these days. The kids have taken over. Itis technology that drives business today, and dotcom culture is everywhere. The young are now the vising power in the workplace "Take Microsof, a business with 40.000 mostly young employees: the dress code is “anything goes 36 long as youre clean”. People wear shorls and have blue hair — sometimes even in management. ‘The typical workplace Scene features mictafternoon hockey. video games and techno. music on headphones. 2 Companies want to attract and keep a younger workforce because of is technical skills and. enthusiasm for change. So. youth culture is becoming part of office culture This may be no bad thing. Along with the company fun budget come things that matter. more deeply to young people: opportunity, responsibilty, respect. Th the past, it was the middleaged wo ruled, At work, ey hair, years of loyal service and seniority counted most. Now things are changing, Older workers sei not disappear, but they will have © share poner with the young. In the old days companies grew slowly: with success came conservative corporate Nalues. Now the world’s Targest firms can crash at any moment, The pace of change’ is increasing. “And ‘change favours the young: they Team and releam faster and will risk more t fey new things. 5"""Many” companies no longer have senioritybased hierarchies. People can et to the top faster. They don't have to spend years showing respect for their superiors. It is more important that they are able to understand ebusiness and hhave the courage to ask “why?”. Loyalty to the company is less important than talent, Employees stay only when dere are challenges and rewards. Changing jobs frequently is now a sign of ambition and initiative All this is a good thing. Young people are at their most ereative stage in life. Now they have more opportunity to put their ideas and energy into practice. Glossary Nerf guns realistic toy guns that shoot but don't cause injuries Would you like to work for CapitalOne or Microsoft Why? / Why not? Pm what ways is the office culture in companies in your country similar to or different from the culture of CapitalOne or Microsoft? Unit 15 #129 130 m Unit 15 jocabulary 1 Vocabulary 2 Personal qualities Find the words in the article that match these personal qualities. | a strong feeling of interest and excitement about something: e (paragraph 3) the ability to be brave enough to do or say something you think is right: © (paragraph 5) 3 staying faithful to one company (paragraph 5) 4a special natural ability or skill: (paragraph 3) determination to be successful, to achieve something: (paragraph 5) 6 the ability to do something without waiting to be told what to do: i (paragraph 5) Management styles Complete the text with the following words. hierarchy level reward senior stiperiors. subordinates responsibility seniority Some companies have a complex'____ with many levels of management; * managers are very powerful, so it is important to show them great respect and’_are generally afraid to question the decisions of their *. ‘Other companies are less hierarchical. People respect each other because oftheir skills not because of theie These companies give younger employees more * They” good ideas from every * in the organisation. Multi-part verbs 1) Take can have different meanings when combined with different words. Study the examples and match the verbs a-f with their meanings 1-6. ‘The kids have taken over. ‘The company has taken on 20 new staff. 5 Maria has taken up the job offer from Microsoft. ©The management told John to take off his earrings at work. 5 Everyone in the department took part in the volleyball match. 5 ‘The meeting will take place on Monday at 09:00. a remove > take control of something recruit or hire accept happen £ do an activity, participate Language check a Practice Ey Complete the sentences with the following words. on off up over part. place 1 The company was reorganised afier John Green took ____ as CEO. 2 We offered the staff a bonus in exchange for a reduction of holiday time, but they didn't take it f 3. When it’s hot, the men often take their jackets and ties. 4 All the staff we've taken ____ this year are under 25. 5 Would you like to take in the company quiz night? 6 The final match will take __on Friday at apm, Present perfect and past simple ‘Match the examples 1-6 with the rules a-e. One of the rules matches ‘two examples. 1 In the old days, companies grew slowly. 2 Now the kids have taken over. 3 Jack Welch took over as CEO of GE in 1981. 4 He was CEO for 20 years, and retired in 2001. 5 Mike works for MV. He has been with the company for three years now. 6 Mike has worked at head office since June. We use the past simple to talk about things that belong to the past and are finished. bb We use the past simple when we give the specific time that an event took place. © We use the present perfect to show the result of an event without saying when it happened.