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\langnp1024 \cf8 Tranzistorul.}{\fs21 \kerning2 \dbch \af0 \hich \af0 \loch \f0
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{\fs21 \kerning2 \dbch \af3 \hich \af0 \loch \f0 \lang1024 \langnp1024 \cf8
HYPERLINK "http://www.circuiteelectrice.ro/electronica-analogica/fizica-
semiconductorilor/tranzistorul-bipolar" }}{\*\fldrslt {\fs21 \kerning2 \dbch
\af3 \hich \af0 \loch \af0 \lang1024 \langnp1024 \cf8 }{\b1 \fs21 \kerning2
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jonc\uc1 \u355 ?iune}}}{\fs21 \kerning2 \dbch \af3 \hich \af0 \loch \af0
\lang1024 \langnp1024 \cf8 }{\fs21 \kerning2 \dbch \af3 \hich \af0 \loch \f0
\lang1024 \langnp1024 \cf8 (BJT) este alc\uc1 \u259 ?tuit din trei straturi de
materiale semiconductoare, fie de tipul PNP, fie de tipul NPN . Fiecare strat are
un nume specific \uc1 \u351 ?i un contact pentru conexiunea \uc1 \u238 ?n circuit}
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\lang1024 \langnp1024 \cf8 Diferen\uc1 \u355 ?a func\uc1 \u355 ?ional\uc1 \u259 ?
dintre tranzistorul PNP \uc1 \u351 ?i NPN, este modul de polarizare corect\uc1
\u259 ? a jonc\uc1 \u355 ?iunii. Indiferent de starea \uc1 \u238 ?n care se afl\uc1
\u259 ?, direc\uc1 \u355 ?iile curen\uc1 \u355 ?ilor \uc1 \u351 ?i polarit\uc1
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limiteaz\uc1 \u259 ? valoarea curentului prin ei cu ajutorul unui curent de control
mai mic. Curentul principal, cel controlat, pleac\uc1 \u259 ? dinspre emitor spre
colector (tipul NPN), iar curentul mai mic, de control, pleac\uc1 \u259 ? dinspre
emitor spre baz\uc1 \u259 ? (tipul NPN). Pentru tranzistorul de tip PNP,
direc\uc1 \u355 ?ia curen\uc1 \u355 ?ilor este exact invers\uc1 \u259 ?.
Aten\uc1 \u355 ?ie, folosim }{\field \fldedit {\*\fldinst {\fs22 \kerning2 \dbch
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deplasare-al-electronilor" }}{\*\fldrslt {\fs22 \kerning2 \dbch \af0 \hich \af2
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electronilor}}}{\fs22 \kerning2 \dbch \af0 \hich \af2 \loch \af2 \lang1024
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