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Ce este analiza de business?

Pregatit de: Cristina Gheorghiu

10.04.2014

Agenda

Ce este analiza de business?


Ce face analistul de business?
Concepte generale
Ce sunt proiectele si cum se desfasoara
Metodologii proiecte

1
Ce este analiza de business?

De ce avem nevoie de analiza de business?

Pentru ca cineva ar trebui:


Sa aiba grija de client
Sa traduca cerintele catre echipa de implementare
Sa aiba grija de aria de cuprindere a proiectului
Sa inteleaga organizatia clientului
Sa imbunatateasca procesul de analiza ca sa
minimizeze problemele

Ce este analiza de business?

Business analysis is the set of tasks and techniques


used to work as a liaison among stakeholders in order to
understand the structure, policies, and operations of an
organization, and to recommend solutions that enable the
organization to achieve its goals. (BABoK v2)
Legatura intre client si echipa de implementare

Ce este analiza de business?


Identifica obiectivele organizatiei
Intelege cum lucreaza organizatia
Cauta solutii pentru atingerea obiectivelor
Gestioneaza aria de cuprindere
Analizeaza si sintetizeaza informatii
Face schimb de informatii pentru a implementa solutii cu
succes.

2
Ce face analistul de business?

Cine este analistul de business?


Orice

persoana

care

realizeaza

activitati de analiza de business


Poate

fi

regasit

sub

mai

multe

denumiri: business analyst, system


analyst, requirements engineer
Diferite organizatii au creat standarde

si metodologii care sa delimiteze


profesia: IIBA, IBM, IEE etc

De ce are nevoie analistul de business?

3
Concepte generale

Concepte generale

Stakeholder
Cerinta
Solutie
Tehnici
Livrabil

Care ne sunt stakeholderii?


Clientul: manager, utilizatori
Extern:

sisteme

furnizori,

externe,

subcontractori,

institutii terte
Intern: manager, dezvoltator,
testerbusiness analyst

Analiza de business vs Project Management?

Analiza de business se concentreaza pe solutie


Project management se concentreaza pe succesul
proiectului, care include solutia plus alte servicii

4
Despre proiecte

Ce este un proiect?
A project is a temporary endeavor undertaken to create
a unique product, service, or result. (PMBoK, v5)
Gestioneaza:
Buget
Timp
Calitate
Arie de cuprindere ++

Etapele unui proiect


Identificarea nevoii/obiectivelor; justificare, documentare
Contractare
Planificare
Analiza
Dezvoltare
Testare
Utilizare

5
Metodologii de dezvoltare proiect

Waterfall

Phases are sequential

Advantages:

a phase starts only after


fulfillment of the previous one,
hence lack of rework

Emphasis on paperwork, hence any


newcomer can easily understand work

Well known among software developers

Disadvantages:

Changes during implementation is difficult to apply on previous sealed


phases

Inadequate use of resources, waiting for the phase to be sealed


www.waterfall-model.com

Iterative

A set of activities are repeated until the entire project scope is covered

Advantages:

Benefits from knowledge and experience


from earlier stages

Changes are accommodated naturally

The Customer has a real feeling of the


solution in short time

Disadvantages:

Important requirements may be identified too late causing architecture changes

Need expertise to work well with complex projects

Alte abordari

RUP - IBM

Spiral model

V model

Analiza de business e
o provocare tehnica
si umana!
E o experienta care poate fi incercata o
viata intreaga!

Multumesc!