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CAPITOLUL VIII

NCETAREA CONTRACTULUI
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1. 2. 3.

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salariatului 4.
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angajatorului 5.
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a) b)

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deoarece ncheierea contractului nu se face n scris ad validitatem, nici pentru ncetarea lui nu estH QHFHVDU XQ vQVFULV FX WRDWH F respectivul contract;
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de

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r de conducere).
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FD

nlocuitor pentru salariatul demisionar.


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nu trebuie justifica, ea constituind un drept al salariatului pe care-O SRDWH H[HUFLWD I


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termenul de preaviz de 15 sau 30 de zile.


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angajatorului
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l).

Litera a)

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n acest caz suQW QHFHVDUH XUP WUHEXLH V DFHDVW H[LVW H[LVWH R UHRUJDQL]DUH D XQLW ILH HIHFWLY UHRUJDQL]DUH V

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- postul/poVWXULOH V
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FX DWULEX LL VLPLODUH L QX

identice -

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c.

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constituie n prezent cel mai frecvent caz de desfacere a contractului individual de


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Litera b) XQLWDWHD vL vQFHWHD]


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5. Reglementarea concedierii colective


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reglementata prin Directiva 98/95/C.E.


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compensatorii.
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potrivit

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DUH ORF FX vQGHSOLQLUHD

a) disponibilizarea se face n temeiul proceselor (programelor) de


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actLYLW b)
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c) disponibilizarea personalului se face prin desfacerea contractului individual de munca n temeiul art. 130 alin.1 lit.a sau lit.b din Codul muncii.
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Codul muncii).

d)

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ape, termenul de 60 de zile curge de


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e)

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f)

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UROXO

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colectiv pentru ipoteza reducerii de personal aplicndu-se inclusiv n cazul concedierilor colective.
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numai la desfacerea contractelor de


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-se obligatoriu
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Decizia de desfacerH

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GH

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vQ

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colective, are caracter individual. Cu alte cuvinte, nu se pot desface, global, toate contractele individuale de
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LL FX DU WDUHD PRWLYHORU D SUHYHGHULORU GH XUJHQ D *XYHUQXOXL QU

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coroborat

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D LQVWDQ HORU MXGHF WRUHWL OD FDUH P VXUD SRDWH IL DWDFDW

(art.133 alin.1 din Codul muncii).


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Spre deosebire de
GH FDWHJRULD

perioada 1997
PDL DX FDUDFWHU

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sau din fondul de salarii.


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PDL PLF

GH

5 ani;

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vQWUH  L 

ani;

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PDL PDUH

de 15 ani.
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LORU

compensatorii se face, potrivit contractului colectiv de PXQF


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Litera c)
3UHFL]

DUH

SRVLELOLWDWHD

-L

asigure pe plan local cadrele necesare.


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ie un
VDX

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VXEXUEDQ

dintr-XQ VDW vQ DOW VDW DO DFHOHLDL FRPXQH SHQWUX WHUPHQXO GH ORFDOLWDWH WUHEXLH OXDW n consideraUH
VHQVXO FRQVWLWX LRQDO

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Litera d) urmeze.
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vQ DOW

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UL LL FD SHUVRDQ MXULGLF L QX FUHDUHD vQ DOW ORFDOLWDWH

VH DUH vQ YHGHUH PXWDUHD XQLW

GH VXEGLYL]LXQL VXFXUVDOH DOH XQLW

LL UHVSHFWLYH H[HUFL LXO XQXL GUHSW FRQIHULW GH

UHIX]XO VDODULDWXOXL GH D XUPD XQLWDWHD UHSUH]LQW

lege (ntemeiat pe libertatea muncii). Ca urmare, acest temei de desfacere a


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ORFXO PXQFLL IXVHVH H[SUHV VWDELOLW L GHWDOLDW SULQ FRQWUDFWXO LQGLYLGXDO GH

Litera e) salariatul nu corespunde sub aspect profesional postului n care a fost ncadrat.
3UHFL]

UL QHFRUHVSXQGHUHD LYLW SH SDUFXUVXO H[HFXW ULL FRQWUDFWXOXL

HVWH

YRUED

GHVSUH

FRQFUHWL]DW GDF D

SULQ IDSWXO F

VDODULDWXO QX IDFH ID FRQFXUV  'DF

REOLJD LLORU VDOH GH VHUYLFLX FKLDU HUD QHFRUHVSXQ] WRU VSUH

RFXSDW SRVWXO

SULQ

VDODULDWXO

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GH OD vQFKHLHUHD PXQF  LDU QX

desfacerea lui;

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YL]HD]

ODWXUD

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QX

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GH

abateri disciplinare. Este un argument n plus pentru a considera acest caz de


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Necorespunderea poate privi: FDOLILFDUHD VSUH H[HPSOX LQWU vQ YLJRDUH XQ DFW QRUPDWLY FDUH SUHWLQGH FRQGL LL

de studii superioare celor ndeplinite de salariat); FDSDFLWDWHD IL]LF VDX LQWHOHFWXDO GH PXQF VSUH H[HPSOX GLPLQXDUHD VDX

pierderea ei etc.); SURGXFHUHD UHSHWDW GH UHEXWXUL I U D IL YLQRYDW 

Litera f) n postuO

RFXSDW GH XQ VDODULDW HVWH UHLQWHJUDW SH ED]D KRW UkULL

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LUHYRFDELO

GH UHLQWHJUDUH vQ PXQF

WUHEXLH V

vQFHWH]H UDSRUWXO GH PXQF

DO FHOXL FDUH

ntre timp a ocupat postul respectiv.


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alin.1 lit.f din Codul muncii;

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SRVWXO D WUHFHULL VDOH SH

un alt post, ceea ce

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deoarece vrsta de pensionare, potrivit LeJLL

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alin.1 lit.g din Codul muncii lundu-se n consideraUH


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desface oEOLJDWRULX FRQWUDFWXO GH PXQF

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desface n temeiul art.130 alin.1 lit.h din Codul muncii;

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baza contractului colectLY RUL LQGLYLGXDO WUHEXLH V


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mult de 60 de zile;

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desfacerea contractului de
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temporar sau definitiv.


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Cazurile de desfacere a contractului individual dH clasificate n:

PXQF

GH F WUH DQJDMDWRU SRW IL

neimpuitabile salariatului; imputabile salariatului.

VLWXD LD

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respectiv:
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