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INSTRUCTIUNI PROPRII DE SECURITATEA MUNCII PRIVIND ELECTROSECURITATEA 1. Definitii terminologie. Electrosec rit!te! incl "e tot!lit!te! meto"elor si mi#lo!

o!celor "e $rotectie im$otri%! electroc t!rii. Electroc t!re! este efect l fi&iologic "etermin!t "e trecere! c rent l i electric $rin cor$ l omenesc. M!s r! "e $rotectie meto"! te'nic! si(s! org!ni&!toric! "e $re%enire ! electroc t!rii. Atingere "irect! !tingere! "e c!tre o $erso!n! ! $!rtilor !cti%e !le nei inst!l!tii electrice. Atingere in"irect! !tingere! "e c!tre o $erso!n! ! nor $!rti intr!te !cci"ent!l s ) tensi ne "!torit! n i "efect electric. *. Meto"e si mi#lo!ce "e $rotectie im$otri%! electroc t!rii $rin !tingere "irect!. *.1. M!s ri te'nice. *.1.1. Aco$erire! c m!teri!le electroi&ol!nte !le $!rtilor !cti%e + i&ol!re! "e l cr !le inst!l!tiilor si ec'i$!mentelor electrice,. *.1.*. Inc'i"ere! in c!rc!se s! !co$eriri c in%elis ri e-terio!re !le inst!l!tiilor si ec'i$!mentelor electrice +$rotecti! $rin c!rc!se ,. $rin c!re se re!li&e!&!/ se$!r!re! t t ror $!rtilor !cti%e in intertior l c-!rc!sei0 !cces l in c!rc!s! n m!i ! $erso!nelor c!lific!te si(s! ! tori&!te $rin tili&!re! nei c'ei s! sc le confection!te in !cest sens. *.1.1. Ingr!"iri fi-e si mo)ile +c $ereti si si $line. c $l!s! met!lic! s! c )!l str!"!,. Dist!nt! intre $!rtile !cti%e !le inst!l!tiilor electrice si ingr!"irile fi-e se st!)ilesc $rin "oc ment!tii in f nctie "e tensi ne! norm!l! "e l cr si "e loc l "e !m$l!s!re. *.1.2. Protecti! $rin !m$l!s!re! in loc ri in!ccesi)ile $rin !sig r!re! nor "ist!nte minime "e sec rit!te + linii electrice !eriene. inst!l!tii "e ri"ic!t c elemente mo)ile *.1.3. Sco!tere! "e s ) tensi ne ! inst!l!tiei s! ec'i$!ment l i electric l! c!re r me!&! ! se efect ! l cr!ri si %erific!re! li$sei "e tensi ne. sco!tere! "e s ) tensi ne este re!li&!t! c!n" se in"e$linesc c m l!ti% rm!to!rele con"itii/ !, se$!r!re! electric! ! inst!l!tiei $rin intrer $ere! tensi nii si se$!r!re! %i&i)il! ! inst!l!tiei s! $!rtii "e inst!l!tie l! c!re se l cre!&! +$rin )loc!re! in $o&iti! "esc'is ! "is$o&iti%elor "e !ction!re ! !$!r!telor "e com t!tie si !$lic!re! in"ic!to!relor "e inter&icere $e !ceste "is$o&iti%e,0 i"entific!re! inst!l!tiei s! ! $!rtii "e inst!l!tie l! c!re rme!&! ! se l cr!0 %erific!re! li$sei tensi nii si leg!re! ime"i!t! ! inst!l!tiei l! $!m!nt si in sc rtcirc it0 "elimit!re! m!teri!l! ! &onei "e l cr 0 !sig r!re! im$otri%! !cci"entelor "e n!t r! neelectric!. ), inst!l!ti! electric! sco!s! "e s ) tensi ne este inst!l!ti! se$!r!t! electric c!re ! fost leg!t! l! $!m!nt si in sc rtcirc it. *.1.4. Utili&!re! "e "is$o&iti%e s$eci!le $entr leg!re! l! $!m!nt si in sc rt circ it ! inst!l!tiei. !ce!st! o$er!tie se e-ec t! n m!i " $! %erific!re! li$sei "e tensi ne "in inst!l!tie. *.1.5. 6olosire! mi#lo!celor "e $rotectie electroi&ol!nte +m!n si si cisme electroi&ol!nte. sc le c m!ner electroi&ol!nt. in"ic!to!re "e tensi ne. $r!#ini si (s! clesti electoi&ol!nti.

$l!ci si folii electroi&ol!nte. c!rc!se electroi&ol!nte. $l!tforme electroi&ol!nte. " $! c!& etc. *.1.7. Aliment!re! l! tensi ne fo!rte #o!s! +re" s!, *.1.8. Eg!li&!re! $otenti!lelor si i&ol!re! f!t! "e $!m!nt ! $l!tformei "e l cr . *.*. M!s ri org!ni&!torice. Pentr $re%enire! electroc t!rii $rin !tingere "irect! se !$lic! rm!to!rele m!s ri org!ni&!torice/ *.*.1 A"mitere! l! l cr +in inter%entii l! inst!l!tii electrice, n m!i ! $erso!nelor c!li fic!te. ! tori&!te si instr ite in "omeni . *.*.*. E-ec t!re! inter%entiilor s! se f!c! n m!i in )!&! "oc mentelor "e !cces in in st!l!tii. " $! c!&/ AL A tori&!tie "e L cr scris! 0 ITI SM Instr cti ni Te'nice Interne "e Sec rit!te! M ncii0 A.S. Atri) tii "e Ser%ici 0 D.V. Dis$o&itii Ver)!le0 P.V. Procese Ver)!le0 O.S. O)lig!tii "e Ser%ici 0 P.R. Pro$ri! R!s$ n"ere0 *.*.1. Delimit!re! m!teri!l! ! loc rilor "e m nc! +ingr!"ire, *.*.2. Es!lon!re! o$er!tiilor "e inter%entie in inst!l!tiile electrice c res$ect!re! s c9 cesi nii m!ne%relor. *.*.3. El!)or!re! nor instr cti ni "e l cr $entr fiec!re inter%entie si instr ire! $erso9 n!l l i c !ceste instr cti ni. 1. Meto"e si mi#lo!ce "e $rotectie im$otri%! electroc t!rii $rin !tingere in"irect!. 1.1. Preci&!ri. $entr $rotecti! im$o$tri%! electroc t!rii $rin !tingere in"irect! tre) ie s! se re!9 li&e&e si s! se !$lice n m!i m!s ri si mi#lo!ce "e $rotectie te'nic!0 Este inter&is! inloc ire! m!s rilor si mi#lo!celor te'nice "e $rotectie c m!s ri"e $rotectie org!ni&!torice. $entr e%it!re! electroc t!rii$rin !tingere in"irect! tre) ie s! se !$lice "o ! m!9 s ri/ o m!s r! "e $rotectie $rinci$!l!. c!re s! !sig re $rotecti! in orice con"itii0 o m!s r! "e $rotectie s $liment!r!. c!re s! !sig re $rotectie in c!& l "eterio9r!rii $rotectiei $rinci$!le. Cele "o ! m!s ri "e $rotectie tre) ie s! fie !stfel !lese inc!t s! n se !n le&e n! $e ce!l!lt!. 1.*. Mi#lo!ce te'nice "e $rotectie im$otri%! electroc t!rii $rin !tingere in"irect!. 1.*.1. 6olosire! tensi nilor re" se folosite si c! mi#loc "e $rotectie im$otri%! !tingerilo "irecte. 1.*.*. Leg!re! l! $ri&! "e $!m!nt $rin r!cor"!re! elementelor $rote#!te im$otri%! electroc t!rii $rin !tingere in"irect! l! $ri&! "e $!m!nt. 1.*.1. Leg!re! l! n l "e $rotectie $rin r!cor"!re! elementelor $rote#!te im$otri%! electroc t!rii $rin !tingere in"irect! l! $ nct !l "e n l !l s rsei "e energie electric! + gener!tor s! tr!nsform!tor, com$let!t! c o m!s r! s $liment!r! "e $rotectie c!re $o!te fi/

9leg!re! s $liment!r! ! ec'i$!mentelor electrice l! o inst!l!tie "e leg!re l! $!m!nt !%!n" o re&istent! "e "is$ersie "e m!-.2 O'm.+ STAS 1*4:2 , 2. Alte m!s ri "e $rotectie com$lement!re. !, e-$lo!t!re! si intretinere! inst!l!tiilor si ec'i$!mentelor electrice tre) ie f!c t! n m!i "e $erson!l c!lific!t ! tori&!t si instr it conform $re%e"erilor leg!le0 ), este iner&is! e-ec t!re! "e l cr!ri s! iner%entiil! inst!l!tii electrice/ 9 $e tim$ "e $lo!ie. f rt n!. %iscol0 9 f!r! intrer $ere! tensi nii0 9 f!r! ec'i$!ment in"i%i" !l "e $rotectie im$otri%! $ericol l i "e electroc t!re0 9 f!r! il min!t "e sig r!nt!.