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SERII FOURIER - MARIANA ZAMFIR 1

C C A A P P I I T T O O L L U U L L 6 6
S SE ER RI II I F FO OU UR RI IE ER R
Probleme propuse

I. S se dezvolte n serie Fourie urmtoarele funcii | | : , f t t , unde:
1. ( ) f x x = ;
( )
( )
2
0
4 1
: cos 2 1
2
2 1
n
R n x
n
t
t

=
+
+

;
2. ( ) 7 1 f x x = + ;
3. ( ) f x x = ;
( )
1
1
2 1
: sin
n
n
R nx
n
+
=

;
4. ( )
2
x
f x = ;
( )
1
1
1
: sin
n
n
R nx
n
+
=

;
5. ( ) 5 2 f x x = + ;
( )
1
1
10 1
: 2 sin
n
n
R nx
n
+
=

+

;
6. ( ) f x x t = + ;
( )
1
1
2 1
: sin
n
n
R nx
n
t
+
=

+

;
7. ( )
2
f x x = ;
( )
2
2
1
4 1
: cos
3
n
n
R nx
n
t

=

+

;
8. ( )
2
4
x
f x = ;
( )
2
2
1
1
: cos
12
n
n
R nx
n
t

=

;
9. ( ) ( ) 1 f x x x = ;
( ) ( )
1 1
2
2 2
1
4 1 2 1
: cos sin
3
n n
n
R nx nx
n n
t
+ +
=
| |

|
+ +
|
\ .

;
10. ( )
3
f x x = ; ( )
2
3
1
12 2
: 1 sin
n
n
R nx
n
n
t

=
| |
|
|
\ .

;

2 CAPITOLUL 6
11. ( )
3
2 f x x x = ;
12. ( )
| )
| |
0, , 0
1, 0,
x
f x
x
t
t
e

=

e

; ( )
2 1
0
1 2 1
: sin 2 1
2
n
n
R n x
t

+
=
+ +

;
13. ( )
| |
( |
1, , 0
2, 0,
x
f x
x
t
t
e

=

e

; ( )
2 1
1
1 6 1
: sin 2 1
2
n
n
R n x
t

+
=

;
14. ( )
| |
( |
1
, , 0
2
1, 0,
x
f x
x
t
t

; ( )
2 1
0
1 3 1
: sin 2 1
4
n
n
R n x
t

+
=
+ +

;
15. ( )
1, ,
2 2
0, , ,
2 2
x
f x
x
t t
t t
t t
(
e
(

=

| | (

e
|
(

. \

;
( )
( )
2 1
0
1 1 2
: cos 2 1
2
n
n
n
R n x
t

+
=

+ +

;
16. ( )
| |
( |
0, , 0
, 0,
x
f x
x x
t
t
e

=

e

;
( )
( )
( )
1
2
1
1 2 1
: cos 2 1 sin
4
2 1
n
n
R n x nx
n
n
t
t
+
=
| |

|
+ +
|

\ .

;
17. ( )
| )
| |
, , 0
0, 0,
x x
f x
x
t
t
e

=

e

;
18. ( )
| |
( |
, , 0
2 , 0,
x x
f x
x x
t
t
e

=

e

;
( )
( )
( )
1
2
1
3 1 2 1
: cos 2 1 sin
4
2 1
n
n
R n x nx
n
n
t
t
+
=
| |

|
+ +
|

\ .

;
19. ( )
| )
| |
, , 0
, 0,
x x
f x
x x
t t
t t
+ e

=

e

;
( )
( )
2
0
4 1
: cos 2 1
2
2 1
n
R n x
n
t
t

=
+ +
+

;
20. ( )
| )
| |
, , 0
, 0,
x x
f x
x x
t t
t t
+ e

=

+ e

;
21. ( )
| )
| |
, , 0
, 0,
x x
f x
x x
t t
t t
e

=

+ e

;
22. ( )
| )
| |
, , 0
, 0,
x x
f x
x
t t
t t
+ e

=

e

;

SERII FOURIER - MARIANA ZAMFIR 3
23. ( )
| )
| |
, , 0
2
, 0,
2
x
x
f x
x
x
t
t
t
t
+
e

;
1
1
: sin
n
R nx
n

;
24. ( )
| )
| |
2
0, , 0
, 0,
x
f x
x x
t
t
e

=

e

;
25. ( )
| )
| |
2
, , 0
0, 0,
x x
f x
x
t
t

=

e

;
26. ( )
0, , ,
2 2
, , 0
2 2
, 0,
2 2
x
f x x x
x x
t t
t t
t t
t t
( |
e
| (
.

| (
= + e


(
\

| |

+ e
|
\ .

;
27. ( )
, ,
2
, ,
2 2
, ,
2
x x
f x x x
x x
t
t t
t t
t
t t
(
e
(

| |
= e

|
\ .

+ e
(

;
2 2 2 2 2
2 cos 2cos 2 cos3 cos5 2cos6
: ...
8
1 2 3 5 6
x x x x x
R
t
t
(
+ + + + + +
(

;
28. ( )
| | | |
( )
0, , 0 ,
1, 0,
x a
f x
x a
t t e

=

e

;
1
1 sin 1 cos
: cos sin
2
n
a na na
R nx nx
n n t t

=
| |
+ +
|
\ .

;
29. ( )
| )
| |
1, , 0
cos , 0,
x
f x
x x
t
t
e

=

e

;
( )
( )
2
1 1
1 1 2 8 2 1
: cos sin sin 2 sin 2 1
2 2 2 1
2 1
n n
n
R x x nx n x
n
n
t t t

= =
+ + +
+


;
30. ( )
( |
| )
cos , , 0
cos , 0,
x x
f x
x x
t
t
e

=

e

;
( )
2
1
8
: sin 2
2 1
n
n
R nx
n
t

;

4 CAPITOLUL 6
31. ( ) sin f x x = ;
( )
2
1
2 4 1
: cos 2
2 1
n
R nx
n
t t

;
32. ( ) sin
2
x
f x = ;
33. ( ) cos f x x = ;
34. ( ) cos , \ f x ax a = e ;
( )
2 2
1
1 sin 2
: sin cos
n
n
a a
R a nx
a
a n
t
t
t t

;
35. ( ) sin , \ f x ax a = e ;
( )
2 2
1
1 2
: sin sin
n
n
n
R a nx
a n
t
t

;
36. ( )
x
f x e = ;
( ) ( )
1
2 2
1
1 1 sh 2sh
: cos sin
1 1
n n
n
n
R nx nx
n n
t t
t t
+
=
| |

|
+ +
|
+ +
\ .

;

II. S se dezvolte n serie Fourie urmtoarele funcii periodice | | : 0, 2 f t , unde:
1. ( ) f x x = ;
1
2
: sin
n
R nx
n
t

=

;
2. ( )
2
x
f x
t
= ;
1
1
: sin
n
R nx
n

;
3. ( )
2
f x x = ;
2
2
1
4 4 4
: cos sin
3
n
R nx nx
n
n
t t

=
| |
+
|
\ .

;
4. ( )
2
5 2 f x x = ;
5. ( )
2
3 2 f x x x = + ; ( )
2
2
1 1
1 1
: 4 2 12 cos 12 2 sin
n n
R nx nx
n
n
t t t

= =
+ +

;
6. ( ) ( )
2
f x x t = ; ;
7. ( )
1, 0
1, 2
x
f x
x
t
t t
s <

=

< s

; ( )
2 1
0
4 1
: sin 2 1
n
n
R n x
t

+
=
+

;

SERII FOURIER - MARIANA ZAMFIR 5
8. ( )
| |
| |
, 0,
2 , , 2
x x
f x
x x
t
t t t
e

=

e

;
( )
( )
2
0
4 1
: cos 2 1
2
2 1
n
R n x
n
t
t

=
+
+

;
9. ( )
( )
| |
sin , 0,
0, , 2
x x
f x
x
t
t t
e

=

e

;
2
1
1 sin 2 1
: cos 2
2
1 4
n
x
R nx
n
t t

=
+ +

;
10. ( ) 1
x
f x e = ;

III. S se dezvolte n serie Fourier urmtoarele funcii periodice, cu perioada specificat:
1. ( ) | | , 1,1 f x x x = e , unde 2 T = ;
( )
1
1
1 2
: sin
n
n
R n x
n
t
t

=

;
2. ( )
1 1
3, ,
2 2 2
x
f x x
(
= + e
(

, unde 1 T = ;
3. ( ) | | , 2, 2 f x x x = e , unde 4 T = ; ;
4. ( ) | |
2
1 , 1,1 f x x x = e , unde 2 T = ;
( )
2 2
1
1 2 4
: cos
3
n
n
R n x
n
t
t

;
5. ( ) ( ) | |
2
1 , 0, 1 f x x x x = e , unde 1 T = ;
( )
3 3
1
2 1 1 4
: sin
n
n
R n x
n
t
t

=
+

;
6. ( )
0, 0
2
3, 0
2
x
f x
x
t
t

s <

s s

, unde T t = ;
7. ( )
1,
2 2
3
1,
2 2
x
f x
x
t t
t t

< <

< <

, unde 2 T t = ;
( )
( )
0
1 4
: cos 2 1
2 1
n
n
R n x
n t

+
+

;
8. ( )
1, 1 0
2 , 0 1
x
f x
x x
< s

=

< <

, unde 2 T = ;
( )
( )
( )
2 1
0
1 2 2 1
: cos 2 1 sin
2 2 1
n
n
n
R n x n x
n
t t
t t

=
| |

|
+ +
|
+
\ .

;

6 CAPITOLUL 6
9. ( )
,
2 2
3
,
2 2
x x
f x
x x
t t
t t
t

< <

< <

, unde 2 T t = ;
( )
( )
( )
2
0
1 4
: sin 2 1
2 1
n
n
R n x
n
t

+
+

;
10. ( )
6 , 6 3
, 3 3
6 , 3 6
x x
f x x x
x x
s s

= s s

s s

, unde 12 T = ;
( )
( )
( )
2 2
0
1 2 1 24
: sin
6
2 1
n
n
n x
R
n
t
t

=
+

+

;
11. ( ) | | sin , 0, f x x x t = e unde T t = ;
2
1
2 4 1
: cos 2
4 1
n
R nx
n
t t

;

IV. S se dezvolte n serie de cosinusuri urmtoarele funcii definite prin:
1. ( ) f x x = pe | | 0, t ;
( )
2
1
1 2
: cos
2
n
n
R n x
n
t
t

;
2. ( ) 1 f x x = pe | | 0, 1 ;
( )
( )
2 2
0
1 4 1
: cos 2 1
2
2 1
n
R n x
n
t
t

=
+ +
+

;
3. ( )
4 2
x
f x
t
= pe ( ) 0, t ;
4. ( ) ( ) f x x x t = pe ( ) 0, t ;
5. ( )
| )
| |
, 0, 1
1, 1, 2
x x
f x
x
e

=

e

;
6. ( )
| |
( |
, 0, 1
, 1, 2
x x
f x
x x
e

=

e

;
7. ( )
| |
( |
, 0, 1
2 , 1, 2
x x
f x
x x
e

=

e

;
( )
( )
2 2
0
1 4 1
: cos 2 1
2
2 1
n
R n x
n
t
t

=
+
+

;
8. ( )
2
f x x = pe | | 0, 5 ;
9. ( )
2
2 f x x x = pe | | 0, 2 ;
2
1
2 1
: 4 cos
3 2
n
n x
R
n
t

=
+

;

SERII FOURIER - MARIANA ZAMFIR 7
10. ( ) sin f x x = pe | | 0, t ;
( )
2
1
2 4 1
: cos 2
2 1
n
R nx
n
t t

;
11. ( ) cos f x x = pe | | 0, 2t ;
12. ( )
cos sin , 0,
2
sin cos , ,
2
x x x
f x
x x x
t
t
t
(
+ e
(

=

| (

\
;
( )
2
1
4 8 1
: cos 4
4 1
n
R nx
n
t t

;

V. S se dezvolte n serie de sinusuri urmtoarele funcii definite prin:
1. ( ) f x x = pe | | 0, 2 ;
( )
1
1
1 8
: sin
2
n
n
n x
R
n
t
t
+
=

;
2. ( ) 1 f x x = pe | | 0, 1 ;
1
2 1
: sin
n
R n x
n
t
t

;
3. ( )
4 2
x
f x
t
= pe ( ) 0, t ;
4. ( )
| |
( |
2, , 0
2, 0,
x
f x
x
t
t
e

=

e

;
( )
0
2 1 8
: sin
2 1
n
n x
R
n t

=
+

;
5. ( )
, 0,
2
0, ,
2
x x
f x
x
t
t
t
(
e
(

=

| (

\
;
( )
1
1
2 1
: sin
n
n
R nx
n
+
=

;
6. ( )
3
, 0,
2
3
3 , , 3
2
x x
f x
x x
(
e
(

=

| (

\
;
2 2
1
12 1
: sin sin
2 3
n
n n x
R
n
t t
t

;
7. ( )
| |
( |
, 0, 1
, 1, 2
x x
f x
x x
e

=

e

;
8. ( )
2
f x x = pe | | 0, 5 ;

8 CAPITOLUL 6
9. ( )
2
2 f x x x = pe | | 0, 2 ;
( )
( )
3 3
0
2 1 32 1
: sin
2
2 1
n
n x
R
n
t
t

=
+

+

;
10. ( ) cos f x x = pe
| | 0, 2t ;
( )
( )
2
0
2 1 4 2 1
: sin
2
2 1 4
n
n x n
R
n
t

=
+ +

+

;
11. ( ) cos 2 f x x = pe | | 0, t ;
( )
( )
2
0
4 2 1
: sin 2 1
2 1 4
n
n
R n x
n
t

=
+
+
+

;
12. ( ) sin f x x = pe | | 0, 2t ;