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CEN
prCWA XXX
STANDARD INTERNWORKSHOP August
2007

AGREEMENT

ICS 93.020

Varianta n limba romnEnglish version


Metod de msurare a compactrii dinamice i capacitii portante cu
dispozitivul Measuring method for Dynamic Compactness & Bearing
Capacity with SP-LFWD (Small- plate Light Falling Weight
Deflectometer/Deflectometru cu mas cztoare)


Prezentul standard intern elaborat i aprobat n cadrul grupului de lucru This CEN Workshop Agreement has been drafted and
approved by a Workshop al prilor interesate, indicate n preambulul acestui standard intern of representatives of interested parties,
the constitution of which is indicated in the foreword of this Workshop Agreement.

Procedeul formal urmat de grupul de lucru n cursul elaborrii prezentului standard intern a fost aprobat de ctre membrii naionali ai
CEN, ns nici membrii naionali ai CEN i nici conducerea central a CEN nu rspunde pentru coninutul tehnic al prezentului
standard ori posibile contradicii cu standarde sau legislaiiThe formal process followed by the Workshop in the development of this
Workshop Agreement has been endorsed by the National Members of CEN but neither the National Members of CEN nor the CEN
Management Centre can be held accountable for the technical content of this CEN Workshop Agreement or possible conflicts with
standards or legislation.

Prezentul standard intern This CEN nu poate fi considerat n nici un caz ca un standard oficial elaborat de ctre CEN i membrii si.
Workshop Agreement can in no way be held as being an official standard developed by CEN and its Members.

Prezentul standard intern This CEN este disponibil public ca un document de referin din partea organismelor naionale de
standardizare din statele membre Workshop Agreement is publicly available as a reference document from the CEN Members
National Standard Bodies.

Membrii CEN sunt organismele naionale de standardizare din Members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgiuma,
Cyiprus, Republica CehCzech Republic, Bulgaria, Danemarcaenmark, Estonia, Finlanda, Francae, Germanyia, Greeceia,
HUngaryia, Icselanda, Irelanda, Italiya, Letoniaatvia, Lithuvania, Luxembourg, Malta, OlandaNetherlands, Norwayvegia, Polandonia,
Portugalia, Romania, Slovakcia, Slovenia, Spainia, Swuedenia, Elveia i Regatul UnitSwitzerland and United Kingdom.










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EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMIT EUROPEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPISCHES KOMITEE FR NORMUNG

Management Centre: rue de Stassart, 36 B-1050 Brussels


2007 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved worldwide for CEN National Members.

Ref. No. CWA XXX:2007
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CUPRINSONTENTS

Introduceretion .......................................................................................................................... 433
1 Scope .................................................................................................................................. 533
2 NNormative din domeniu ormative references ............................................................ 533
3 Termeni i s and definiiitions ......................................................................................... 544
4 TMetoda de ncercareest method .................................................................................. 966
5 Dispozitiv i materialApparatus and material ............................................................. 1188
6 Proceduresi .................................................................................................................. 171212
7 Calcule i interpretarea rezultateloration and expression of results ................... 231515
8 Buletin de ncercareTest report ................................................................................ 281919
Annexa A (normative) .................................................................................................... 20
Annexa B (normative) .................................................................................................... 23
Bibliografiephy ............................................................................................................... 25
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Introduceretion
Dispozitivul cu mas cztoare pentru determinri n construcii este utilizat pe scar tot mai
larg. The application of light falling weight dynamic compactness and bearing capacity
measuring gauges in the qualifying measurements of civil works are more and more popular and
wide-spread. La aceast metod nu este nevoie de contragreutatea utilizat n determinrile
capacitii portante prin metoda static, prin urmarea msurtorile se efectuaz mai simplu i
mai rapid. The counter-weight, which is essential for the static bearing capacity measurements,
here is not necessary; therefore the measurement is simpler and faster.Urmare a sarcinii pe
osie de 15 tone admis n Uniunea European, este recomandat s se realizeze capacitatea
portant de 0,3 0,4 Mpa pentru suportul compactat, i verificarea acestui parametru prin
metoda determinrii dinamice la care se refer prezentul document Owing to the axle load of 15
tons permitted in the European Union, at the layers of the newly built surface pavements not
having binding material, it is proposed to apply the loading range of 0,3 0,4 MPa and the
dynamic compactness- and bearing capacity measuring method introduced in the present
document in the qualifying measurements. ncercarea la ncrcare static modeleaz mai mult
ncrcarea structur-mas n privina compactrii, pe cnd ncercarea dinamic este relevant
pentru compactarea ca urmare a solicitrilor dinamice a traficului. The static bearing capacity
test simulates rather the structure weight loading considering consolidation, while the dynamic
test simulates rather that compacting originating from the dynamic stress of the traffic.
n locul metodei precedente de msurare a modulului dinamic cu disc cu diametrul de 300 mm
cu o ncrcare sub disc de 0,1 Mpa, a devenit necesar elaborarea unei metode de determinri
dinamice cu disc mic, n domeniul 0,3 -0,4 Mpa, acelai domeniu n care lucreaz dispozitivele
de msurare a capacitii portante staticeInstead of the former measuring method of the
dynamic modulus applying 300 mm plate diameter and 0,1 MPa under-plate loading the
development of the dynamic small-plate measuring method applying higher loading range
became necessary, which measures in the same 0,3 0,4 MPa loading range like the static
bearing capacity-measurement (DIN 18134).
Deflectometrul cu mas cztoare cu disc mic prezentat prin prezentul document permite
determinarea la straturile recent compactate care pstreaz nc umiditatea de la compactare, a
gradului de compactare i modulului dinamic printr-o singur msurtoare. The small-plate light
falling weight deflectometer introduced in this document facilitates the determination of the
compactness rate and the dynamic modulus with a single measurement on the newly-built
layers preserving the compacting water content. Avantajul determinrii dinamice a compactitii
este c portana contrasuprafeei este cunoscut i verificabilThe advantage of the dynamic
compactness measurement is that the bearing capacity of the counter surface needed for the
compacting is always known and checkable. Metoda realizeaz compactarea complet, ca i
metoda de laborator Proctor modificat,dar pe teren, i din amplitudinea deplasrii i curba
compactare-deplasare determin compactarea relativ original (nainte de msurtori) a
stratului cu umiditatea dat. The method executes the complete compacting with the same work
as the laboratory modified Proctor-test, but at site, at all measurements and it determines the
original (before measurement) relative compactness of the layer of given moisture content from
the calculated depression amplitudes and the compaction-depression curve.
Conform verificrilor teoretice, gradul de compactare determinat prin metoda dinamic este
identic cu cel n urma msurtorilor de densitate (cu izotopi, prin umplere cu nisip, cu balon de
cauciuc)In the theory of the compactness rate determined with the dynamic method and the
density measurement (isotopic, sand filling, rubber bulb) is the same, , astfel nu se impune
fixarea unor noi limite pentru gradul de compactare dinamic, trebuie respectate normele
existente.so no new limit value (compactness rate requirement) is necessary to prescribe for the
dynamic compactness rate; only the existing requirements need to be met.
Gradul de compactare dinamic nu este influenat de neomogeniti sau anomalii ale
densitiiThe dynamic compactness rate is not affected by the density inhomogeneity or the
density anomalies. Prin urmare este deosebit de bine utilizabil pentru caracterizarea sigur a
straturilor i umpluturilor din cenu, zgur i alte materiale secundare cu densitate neomogen.
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La aceast metod nu apare densitatea de referin ca factor de eroare care influeneaz
rezultatul, prin urmare este mai fiabil i ofer rezultate mai exacte. Accordingly, it is
outstandingly suitable for the reliable qualifying of the layers and embankments made of fly ash,
blast furnace slag and other secondary materials of inhomogeneous density. The reference
density, as the measurement error of the density of the compacted layer does not charge this
method, therefore it is more reliable and gives more accurate measurement result.
Metoda de ncercare dinamic a gradului de compactare i capacitii portante nu utilizeaz
izotopi radioactivi, fiind o metod de msurare a defleciei nepericuloas pentru sntate i
mediu. The dynamic compactness and bearing capacity measurement does not apply any
isotope source, but an environment- and health-friend deformation-measuring method.
1 Scope
Prezentul document precizeaz metoda pentru determinarea gradului de compactare dinamic
i modulului de porant dinamic al straturilor proaspt compactate care pstreaz coninutul de
ap de la compactare, printr-o singur msurare. The present document specifies a method for
measuring the dynamic compactness rate and the dynamic bearing capacity modulus with a
single measurement on the newly-built layers preserving the compacting water content at road
construction.
2 NormativeNormative references din domeniu
Documentele la care se face referire mai jos sunt necesare pentru punerea n apicare a
prezentului document. The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application
of the present document. n cazul documentelor cu dat, este valabil numai varianta cu data
citat. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. n cazul documentelor nedatate, este
aplicabil cea mai actual variant a actului cu toate completrileFor undated references, the
latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.
EN 13286-1:2003 Amestecuri fr liant i cu liant apos Partea 1: Metode de ncercare de
laborator pentru densitatea de referin i coninutul de ap. ntroducere, norme generale, luare
de probe.Unbound and hydraulically bound mixtures Part 1: Test methods for laboratory
reference density and water content. Introduction, general requirements and sampling
EN 13286-2 Amestecuri fr liant i cu liant apos Partea 2: Metode de ncercare de laborator
pentru densitatea de referin i coninutul de ap. Unbound and hydraulically bound mixtures
Part 2: Test methods for the determination of the laboratory reference density and water
content. Compactare Proctor compaction
MSZ 2509-3 ncercarea capacitii portante a structurilor rutiere. ncercarea cu disculBearing
capacity test on pavement structures. Plate bearing test

3 Termeni i s and definitionsii
n cadrul prezentului document, sunt aplicabili termenii i definiiile date n For the purposes of
this document, the terms and definitions given in EN 13286-1:2003 i cele de mai josand the
following apply:
3.1 Capacitatea portant dinamicDynamic bearing capacity
Caracteristica unui strat de material granulat sau pmnt, cu grosimea de maxim 30 de
cm, prin care rezist la o solicitare dinamic de scurt durat, n condiii de fizica solului
(coninut de ap, distribuie granulometric, friciune intern) date. The feature of either a
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granulous layer or earth-work with a thickness of a maximum of 30 cm, by which it is able
to stand the short-time dynamic loading, under given soil-physical parameters (water
content, grain distribution, internal friction).
3.2 Modul dinamic (al capacitii portante)Dynamic (bearing capacity) modulus
Un parametru care caracterizeaz capacitatea portant, calculat cu formula Boussinesq
din amplitudinea tasrii rezultate din efectul sarcinii dinamice dup un numr dat de
impacte, innd cont de raportul Poisson i de diametrul discului de ncrcare. SimbolA
parameter characterizing the bearing capacity which is calculated with the Boussinesq-
formula from the depression amplitude emerging as an effect of a dynamic loading,
besides a given impact number, considering the Poissons ratio and the diameter of the
loading disc. Sign: E
d
orsau E
dend
, unitate: MPa.
3.3 Defleciation (amplitudinea tasriidepression amplitude)
Deplasarea pe vertical msurat ntr-un punct dat n condiii de ncrcare stabilite
(mrimea i durata ncrcrii), care caracterizeaz deformarea vertical n timpul
msurrii dnamice, a stratului de material examinatA vertical displacement measured in a
given point under defined loading circumstances (loading, loading duration) which
characterizes the vertical deformation of the examined material layer during the dynamic
measurement. Signmbol: s, 0,01 mm
3.4 Msurarea capacitii portanteBearing capacity measurement
O metod procedural de msurare a capacitii portante, executat prin msurarea cu
exactitatea prevzut a deformrii sub efectul unei sarcini care acioneaz pe suprafaa
stratului. A procedural method on the bearing capacity measurement, based on theoretical
considerations which is executed by the measurement of the deflection (deformation)
emerging as an effect of the loading put on the surface of the layer.
3.5 Msurarea capacitii portante staticeStatic bearing capacity measurement
O procedur de examinare pe teren pentru determinarea modulului de portan static a
umpluturii, solului natural sau structurii drumului, conform Site examination procedure for
determining the static bearing capacity modulus of the earth-work, the sub-soil or the
pavement layers, in accordance with MSZ 2509-3, prin ncrcari graduale lente pe durata
crora are loc un proces de consolidare considerabil. by gradual and slow loadings,
during which a considerable part of the consolidation occurs.
3.6 Modulul capacitii portante staticeStatic bearing capacity modulus
Modululs se determin prin ncercare pe teren conform determined through on-site testing
according to MSZ 2509-3, prin formula by the Boussinesq-formula, cu multiplicatorul
discului rigid, calculat din datele curbei de presiune-deformare secundarwith the fixed
disc model multiplier, and calculated from the data of the second pressure-deformation
curve. Signmbol: E
2
, unitate: MPa.

3.7 Msurarea compactitii i capacitii portanteDynamic compactness and
bearing capacity measurement
Procedur de examinare pe teren bazat pe considerente teoretice, pentru determinarea
modulului de portan dinamic Site examinati gradului de compactare dinamic prin
impacturi, ncrcare rapid, printr-un dispozitiv descris prin prezentul document. ion
procedure based on theoretic considerations, for the determination of the dynamic bearing
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capacity modulus and the dynamic compactness rate through impacts, quick loading, with
a gauge determined in the present document.
3.8 Deflectometru cu mas cztoare cu disc micSmall-plate light falling weight
deflectometer (SP-LFWD)
Deflectometrul cu mas cztoare cu disc mic este un dispozitiv portabil manual prin
care o greutate cunoscut este lsat s cad peste un disc de oel conectat la elementul
elastic de transmitere, de la o nlime determinat i repetat de un numr determinat de
oriThe small-plate, light falling weight deflectometer is the manually portable gauge, by
which the falling weight of given mass is dropped onto the steel plate connecting to the
transmitting spring element from given height repeated in given number. Considernd
prezenta reglementare, unitatea de control i stocare de date a deflectometrului trebuie s
conin un soft de msurare adecvat. ing the present regulation the controlling-storing unit
of such the deflectometer must be equipped with the suitable measuring software. datorit
dimensiunilor reduse ale discului, sarcina dinamic poate ajunge la Owing to the small
size of the plate the dynamic loading can be p = 0,35 MPa, astfel deflectometrul poate fi
folosit pentru determinarea gradului de compactare dinamic therefore the deflectometer
is suitable for the determination of the dynamic compactness rate (T
rd
%) i/sau modulului
de portan dinamicand/or the dynamic bearing capacity modulus (E
d
, MPa) also.
3.9 Examinarea compatibilitii dispozitivuluiGauge soundness measurement
(own autocontrol)
Procedura prin care se determin dac dispozitivul este adecvat pentru
msurtori n limita toleranei admise prin prezentele instruciuniA procedure for
determining whether the gauge is suitable for any measurements within the error limit in
accordance with the present measurement instructions.
3.10 Datele msurtorilorMeasurement data
18 valori ale defleciei msurate pe teren cu ajutorul deflectometrului cu mas cztoare
cu disc mic, parametrii fixai, datele de identificare a dispozitivului, metoda de msurare i
data ncercrilor, pe care dispozitivul le stocheaz pn la tergerea acestoradeflection
values measured at site with the small-plate light falling weight deflectometer, adjusted
parameters, gauge ID, measuring method, sign and date, which the deflectometer stores
in its data storing until its cancelling.
3.11 Rezultatul msurtorilorMeasurement result
Parameteru care exprim gradul de compactare i/sau capacitatea portant calculate din
datele msurtorilor n condiii determinate, cu specificarea preciziei sau toleranei i
unitii de msurtypifying the compactness rate and/or the bearing calculated from the
measurement data under identified circumstances, including the reliability range or
tolerance and unit.
3.12 Locul msurtoriiMeasurement place
Un loc determinat n mod aleator pentru efectuarea msurtorilor, pregtit conform cu
condiiile stabilite pentru msurtoare, unde pot fi efectuate trei msurtori pe o raz de
un metru. Location randomly appointed for measurement and prepared according to the
measurement requirements, where three measurements can be executed within the
distance of one metre.
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3.13 Msurarea dinamic a compactitiiDynamic compactness measurement
O metod de ncercare bazat pe variaia volumului, caracterizat de amplitudinea tasrii,
unde compactarea se realizeaz prin 18 impacte consecutive ale masei cztoare
conform lucrului de compactare Proctor. A testing method based on the volume change
measurement, characterized by the depression amplitude, by which the site compaction is
being carried out with an 18-impact sequence in accordance with the Proctor compacting
effort.
3.14 Compactitate relativRelative compactness
Gradul de compactare determinat la faa locului, exprimat ca raportul procentual dintre
cea mai mare compactitate care poate fi obinut n locul respectiv prin munca de
compactare dat, innd cont de coninutul de ap natural caracteristic stratului respectiv.
Cu alte cuvinte compactitatea relativ este raportul dintre gradul de compactare i
coeficientul de corecie n funcie de umiditate.Compactness rate determined at site,
expressed in the percentage of the highest compactness, which can be reached by the
given compacting work beside the effect of the natural water-content typifying the layer. In
other words, the relative compactness always is the quotient of the compactness rate and
the moisture correction coefficient. Simbolgn: T
rE
(%)
3.15 Coeficientul de corecie n funcie de umiditateMoisture correction
coefficient
O cifr adimensional mai mic sau egal cu A dimensionless number less than or
exactly 1,00 care este raportul dintre densitatea volumic which is the quotient of the bulk
density (
di
) citit pentru coninutul natural de ap read for the natural water content (w
t
) la
punctul de msurare, din curba densitii determinat prin testul Proctor modificat, i
densitatea uscat maxim at the point of measurement from the density curve determined
by the modified Proctor-test and the highest dry density (
dmax
) determinat prin testulfined
during the Proctor-test. Este o valoare care caracterizeaz tipul de material, care poate fi
determinat It is a value characterizing the material type that can be determined anterior
prin ncercarea de laborator a conformitii materialului i poate fi reprezentat grafic sau
tabelar n funcie de coninutul de ap.in advance with the laboratory soundness test, as a
function of the water content change and that can be displayed in a tabular or graphical
form. Signmbol: T
rw
(%).
3.16 Gradul de compactitate dinamicDynamic compactness rate
Este Pprodusulct compactitii relative pe teren of the site relative compactness (T
rE
) i
coeficientului de corecie n funcie de compactitateand the moisture correction coefficient
(T
rw
), care indic gradul de compactare relativ a stratului cu umiditatea dat, recalculat
la compactarea maxim care poate fi atins n condiiile coninutului optim de ap. which
indicates the relative compactness rate of the layer of given moisture content converted to
the maximal compactness, which can be reached beside the optimal water content.
Theoretically, poate fi dedus ca fiind identic cu gradul de compactare determinat prin alte
metode de msurare, ca i it can be deducted that it is the same as the compactness rate
determined with other measuring methods, like the gradul de compactare (T
r
) determinat
din raporturile densitilorcompactness rate determined from the density ratios. Simbolgn:
T
rd
(%).
3.17 CdereDrop
O singur cdere, n condiii controlate, a masei cztoare a deflectometruluiThe single
drop of the falling weight of a light falling deflectometer, in a controlled manner.
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Amplitudinea tasriiThe depression amplitudes (s
ij
) i viteza de cdere a discului and the
disc-speed (v
ij
) se marcheaz cu indicii measured in this moment are marked with the j =
13 index dup indicele serieibeside = i. = sequence. Astfel amplitudinea msurat la
prima cdere se noteaz cuThe depression amplitude of the first drop is:: s
01
(mm).
3.18 Seria de msurtoriquence
Trei cderi n succesiune ale masei cztoare a deflectometrului, ale cror medie este
afiat. Three subsequent drops of the falling weight of the light falling deflectometer the
average of which is also displayed by the gauge. Amplitudinile msurate The measured
depression amplitudes (s
ij
) i viteza de cdere a disculuiand the disc speed (v
ij
) sunt
notate cu indiciiare marked with the serial index i = 0 5. media determinat prin calcul se
noteaz cu litera During the calculation of the results the average is being determined
which is marked by letter
a
dup seria msurtoriinext to the serial index. De exemplu,
media amplitudinilor msurate n cea de-a doua secven esteThe average of the
depression amplitudes of the second sequence is: s
1a
(mm).
4 Metoda de determinareTest method
n cursul determinrilor, un obiect cu mas cunoscut este lsat s cad peste un disc rigid cu
diametrul dat, prin intermediul unui arc de amortizare, de la o nlime dat. During the test a
solid of a known mass is being dropped onto a rigid disc of a given diameter, via a buffer spring,
from a given height. Deplasarea vertical rezultat n urma sarcinii dinamice, adic amplitudinea
tasrii, se msoar sub punctul central al discului. n cazul unei mase cztoare de 10 kg, i
nlime de cdere de 72 cm, The vertical displacement arising from the dynamic loading, i.e.
the depression amplitude is measured under the central point of the loading disc. In case of a
falling weight of 10 kilogrammes and a dropping height of 72 cm rezult o sarcin dinamic de
circa some 7065 N asupra discului, ceea ce produce o presiune dinamic dynamic loading
power is transmitted onto the disc which results in a dynamic pressure (p
dyn
) de of 0,3 Mpa la o
constant a arcului de 353 kN/m i un diametru al discului de a, by a proper spring constant and
a dial diameter of 163 mm. Masa cztoare i nlimea de cdere trebuie alese pentru fiecare
dispozitiv potrivit presiunii dinamice care trebuie realizat, innd cont constanta arcului, n
limitele toleranei admise.The falling weight and the dropping height must be chosen to the value
required for the dynamic loading pressure, for each gauge, through the selection of both the
given spring constant and the mass of the falling weight within the confidence interval.
Din cea de-a doua serie de msurtori a amplitudinii defleciei se poate calcula modului
capacitii portante dinamiceFrom the second measuring sequence of the depression
amplitudes characterizing the deformation one can determine the dynamic bearing capacity
modulus: E
d
; iar din cea de-a asea serie modulul finaland from the sixth measuring sequence
the final modulus E
dend
, unitatea de msur: MPa. n calcul se consider c sarcina este
transmis de la disc pe un semispaiu flexibil, omogen i izotrop.The calculation supposes that
the loading of the loading disc is transmitted onto a flexible, homogeneous and isotropic half-
space. Calculul trebuie fcut cu considerarea factorului de contracie transversal Poisson
caracteristic materialului i a coeficientului Boussinesq pentru discul rigid sau elasticThe
calculation must be made by the consistent selection of both the Poissons ratio characterizing
the material and the rigid or elastic Boussinesq-disc multiplier.
Gradul de compactare dinamic The dynamic compactness rate (T
rd
) poate fi dedus din cele
ase serii de msurtori ale amplitudinii deformrii.can be derived from the six measuring
sequences of the depression amplitudes characterizing the deformation. n calcul se consider
c n stratul granular compus din trei faze (aer+solid+ap) materialul solid este incompresibil,
stratul este nesaturat i rmne astfel pe ntreaga durat a determinrilor.The calculation
supposes that the granulous layer made up of an incompressible solid material is three-phase
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Behuzas: Bal: 1,02 cm,
Elso sor: 0 cm
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Bettipus: Nem Dolt
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(air + solid part + water) and unsaturated, and it remains so during the compaction carried out
during the testing, too.
Pentru calcul se consider c gradul de compactare este cel mai bun la un coninut optim de
ap. The calculation considers that the compactibility (compactness rate) is the best at the
optimal water content. n celelalte cazuri, acesta descrete proporional cu coeficientul de
corecie n funcie de coninutul de ap. In other case it decreases in proportion to the moisture
correction coefficient. ntre valorile curbei de corecie n funcie de coninutul de ap, Among the
values of the T
rw
1,00, valoarea maxim moisture correction curve its maximum value (T
rw
=
1,0) este subliniat ca fiind cea la care coninutul de ap este optim i n mod corespunztor
compactitatea relativ este egal cu gradul de compactare. is highlighted, where the water
content is optimal, and accordingly, the relative compactness is equal to the compactness rates.
Prin urmare, gradul de compactare Accordingly, the T
rd
% poate fi calculat n baza oricrei valori
a compactrii relative cu ajutorul coeficientului de corecie n funcie de coninutul de ap, dac
acest coninut de ap este cunoscut sau calculat. compactness rate can be calculated from any
of the relative compactness values by the help of the moisture correction coefficient, if the water
content is known or calculated.
Msurarea compactrii dinamice se bazeaz pe determinarea curbei de compactare generate
cu prin compactare in situ cu acelai efort de compactare ca cel prevzut n ncercarea Proctor
modificat conform The dynamic compactness measurement is based on the determination of
the compaction curve generated by the help of the site compacting applying the same work as
the modified Proctor inspection determined in the 7.4 ofdin EN 13286-2, din carefrom which
cunoscnd compactarea relativ i coninutul real de ap if the relative compactness and the
real water-content is known se poate deduce gradul de compactare relativthe dynamic
compactness rate can be calculated. Caracterul curbei de compactare depinde de eficiena
compactrii mecanice anterioare a stratului examinat, valoare se afl ntre starea necompactat
i compactat complet.The character of the compaction curve depends on the efficiency of the
preliminary mechanical compaction of the layer, its value falls between the completely
uncompacted and completely compacted condition. Compactarea relativ arat dac la o
umiditate dat se poate realiza o compactare n plus sau nu, de aceea este relevant att
pentru executant ct i pentru varificator, att n atestarea ct i n controlul calitii. The relative
compactness shows that at a given moisture content can be further compacting executed or not;
therefore it is ideal both for the contractors and for the inspectors, and both in quality attestation
and in quality control.
11
5 Apparatusra andi material
5.1 Instrumentul de msurareMeasuring instrument
Acesta const dintr-un dispozitiv manual de aplicare a sarcinii, un disc de
transmitere a sarcinii, unitate de msurare a deplasrii amplasat n mijlocul
acestuia i o unitate de preluare i prelucrare a datelor It consists of a mechanical
manual loading gauge, a loading disc, a measuring block located in the centre thereof and
a measuring control and data logger unit (figureFig. 1).
5.1.1 Dispozitivul de aplicare a sarciniiLoading Gauge
Dispozitivul de aplicare a sarcinii const din masa cztoare i bara de ghidareThe loading
gauge consists of the falling weight and the guide rod. Cu acest dispozitiv se realizeaz o
ncrcare dinamic de The gauge serves for the generation of 7070 2% N dynamic load (F
dyn
),
trebuie construit astfel ca masa cztoare lsat s cad de la o nlime determinat n timpul
calibrrii, s realizeze ncrcarea necesar n timpul dat, transmis prin elementul de
transmitere cu arc.therefore the falling weight must be built in the way that it ensures the loading
needed for the suitable dynamic loading dropped from the height determined during calibration
during given loading time by the help of the transmitting spring element. bara de ghidare asigur
centrarea impactului. The centrality of the falling of the weight is ensured by the guide rod.
nlimea de cdere trebuie reglat prin poziionarea dispozitivului de fixare-declanare de sub
limitatorul de curs de sus. The drop height must be adjusted by positioning the fixing/triggering
structure (attaching clamp) placed on the upper stop above the falling weight. Ridicarea masei
cztoare se face printr-un mner circular, iar pe durata transportului trebuie asigurat fixarea
acesteia. The manual lifting of the falling weight must be secured by the circle handle. During
transportation it must be fixed.
Masa cztoareFalling weight mass: m =10,0 kg 0,5 kg
nlimea de cdereDrop height: h = conform according to calibrationrii, n limita
abut (72 5) cm
Durata sarciniiLoading time: t = 18 ms 2 ms
SarcinaLoading force: F
dyn
= 7070 N 2%
Numrul de ordine al msurtorii servete la identificarea acesteia, crete cu unu n mod
automat la fiecare msurtoareThe number of measurement serves for its identification; it must
be increased with one per measurement.
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Figurea 1 Construcia de principiu a unui deflectometru cu mas cztoare cu disc
micBasic structure of small-plate, light falling weight deflectometer
5.1.2 Discul de transmitere a sarciniiLoading disc
Unitatea de msurare trebuie amplasat n centrul discului. Transmiterea ncrcrii dinamice se
face printr-o bil de centrare.The measuring and centralizing unit shall be placed into the central
point of the loading disc. The transmission of the dynamic loading must be made via an in-built
centring ball. Discul de transmitere a sarcinii este prevzut cu mner pentru transport.The
loading disc must be equipped with a handle suitable for manual shipment; and in the
centralizing block a measuring hollow must be formed. Diametrul discului trebuie s fie The
diameter of the loading disc must be de (163 2) mm, grosimea lui trebuie s fie mai mare de
its thickness must exceed the 20 mm.
5.1.3 Determinarea amplitudinii deplasriition of the depression amplitude
Deplasarea discului pe durata aplicrii ncrcrii trebuie msurat printr-o metod potrivit, care
asigur o precizie de The plates depression amplitude must be measured by the suitable
method with an accuracy of 0,01 mm during the loading time. Metoda de msurare potrivit este
amplasarea unui accelerometru n locaul discului. For its determination the acceleration gauge
placed into the measuring groove of the loading disc is the suitable method. Deplasarea pe
vertical se determin n baza acceleraiei msurate n domaniul 0 50 g i timpului msurat cu
o precizie de 0,005 secunde.The vertical deformation must be on the basis of the time
measured with an accuracy of 0,005 sec and the acceleration between 0 50 g. Semnalele se
transmit ctre unitatea de stocare i prelucrare a datelor care le nregistreaz pentru fiecare
msurtoare.The signs must be transmitted to the control data logger unit, which counts and
stores the measurement as travel data.
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5.1.4 Unitatea de de stocare i prelucrare a datelorControl data logger unit
Unitatea de stocare i prelucrare a datelor trebuie elaborat astfel ca s nregistreze n mod
continuu i automat datele, este prevzut cu butoane de operare, afiaj, memorie, interfa
pentru transferul de date ctre calculator i imprimant.The control data logger unit must be
developed in the way that it continuously and automatically registers the measurement data, has
the buttons needed for the measurement, and the function switch, display and data logger unit,
and the PC connection for the printer and the data transfer. n timpul msurtorilor, afiajul
indic modul de funcionare, datele msurate, codul de eroare, gradul de ncrcare a bateriei i
alte informaii privind starea de funcionare. During measurement the display of the gauge must
indicate the measurement commands, the measured data of sequence, the error symbols, the
charging level of the power-supply voltage and other information regarding the operation.
Unitatea are cronometru intern i o baterie care poate fi ncrcat de la reeaua de 220 V i de
la bateria de 12 V a autovehicolelor.The unit must have an internal clock and the battery to
provide the own power-supply needed for the operation, which can be charged from 220 V
alternating current and from the 12 V direct current of the cars.
Modul de funcionare a unitii de stocare i prelucrare a datelor trebuie s fie descris de
manualul sau instruciunile de utilizare realizat de productor sau distribuitor, i trebuie s se
refere cel puin la urmtoareleThe operation of the measuringcontrol unit must be included in
an operating manual or in operating instructions by the manufacturer or the distributor, which
includes at least the followings:
modul i paii pentru punerea n funciunemethod and steps of start-up of the unit;
funciile, racordarea unitii de stocare i prelucrare a datelorhandling of the control
unit, functions, connections;
modurile de funcionareoperating modes:
- controlling mode
- msurareeasuring mode
- calibrareting mode
- imprimareprinting mode
- transfer de datedata transfer mode
operation operare i secvena operaiilorand course of modes;
depozitarea i ntreinerea dispozitivuluistorage and maintenance of the gauge;
calibrarea instrumentului i precizia msurtorilortion of the instrument and accuracy
of the measurement;
Unitatea de control realizeaz stocarea datelor i calculul rezultatelorThe control unit must serve
for the storing of the measured data and the calculation of the results also. Rezultatele se pot
imprima direct i se pot tranfera spre un calculator. Este bine ca rezultatele s fie afiate grafic.
The possibility must be ensured to print the stored measurement results at site and the data
transfer to the PC. It is advantageous, if the data can be displayed graphically.
5.1.5 ImprimantaPrinter
Este o component a dispozitivului care permite imprimarea pe loc a datelor prelucrate de ctre
unitatea de control. Imprimanta afieaz urmtoarele dateIt is a unit serving the on-site printing
of the data by which the data can be printed from the control data-logger unit on site. The
printer shall be able to print the following data:
date de iidentificaretion data;
- numrul dispozitivului, numrul msurtorii, databer of gauge, number of
measurement and date
date i rezultate din msurtorile capacitii portante dinamicedynamic bearing
capacity measurement data and results:
- ncrcarealoading level (p = 0,35 MPa)
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- multiplicatorul disculuiplate multiplier (c = /2 disc rigid plate conform modelului
according to the Boussinesq model)
- diagram drum-timp pentru msurtorile path-time graph at s
11
, s
12
and s
13

measurements (nsumattogethere)
- coeficientul Poisson coefficient according toconform standardului MSZ 2509-3
standard selected ales dintrefrom = 0,3-0,4-0,5 values
- valorile msurate ale deformriieasured values of deformation s
11
, s
12
, s
13
(mm)
- viteza discului de transmitere a sarciniiloading disc speed v
11
, v
12
, v
13
(mm/s)
- valori mediiaverages: s
1a
andi v
1a
rotunjite la dou zecimaleunded to two
decimal figures (0,01 mm)
- raportul s
1a
/v
1a
quotient rotunjit la dou zecimale, adimensionalded to two decimal
figures without dimension
- modulul dinamic E
d
, dynamic modulus MPa,
in casezul msurtorilor de compactare dinamic, n of dynamic compactness
measurement pplus:
- depressiunea la prima cdereon of first drop: s
01

- media depresiunilor din seriile de cderidepression averages of drop sequences
s
0a
, s
1a
, s
2a
, s
3a
, s
4a
, s
5a

- rezsultatul: gradul de compactare relativrelative compactness rate (T
rE
%)
- valoarea ntrodus a coeficientului de corecie n baza coninutului de apentered
value of the moisture correction coefficient (T
rw
)
- reszultatul: gradul de compactare dinamicdynamic compactness rate (T
rd
%)
Pe foaia imprimat trebuie lsat spaiu suficient pentru meniuni de mn, cum este denumirea
proiectului, locul msurrii (seciunea, partea, locul), denumirea stratului examinat, caracteristici,
identificarea persoanei care a efectuat msurtoarea, condiii meteorologice, alte meniuni. Este
bina ca s fie reprezentate n mod grafic curba de compactare i curba capacitii portante. On
the printed form enough space must be provided for the manual site comments, such as name
of the project, location of measurement (km-section, side, meter), name of examined layer,
properties, code of measuring personnel, weather, and other comments. It is advantageous if
the compaction curve and the bearing capacity curve can be displayed graphically.
5.2 Acccessoriesi
Accesoriile de mai jos sunt necesare pentru a asigura funcionarea, a putea efectua un numr
mai mare de msurtori sau a realiza transferul de dateThe following accessories must be
provided at least in order to ensure the measuring mode, to enable higher-mass measurements,
or rather to transfer data:
baterie de rezervreserve battery
ncrctor de la reea cu cablu de conectaremains charger and connector
cablu de alimentare de la 12 Vvoltage supply connector, 12 V
cablu pentru transferul de dateinterface cable for data transmission (if needed)
cablu de imprimantprinting cable (if needed)
imprimant i hrtieprinter and paper.
5.3 Ustensile pentru luarea probelorSampling instruments
Ustensilele necesare pentru pregtirea locului msurrii i determinarea tipului i grosimii
stratului examinat, suntThe site sampling instruments needed for the preparation and forming of
the measurement location and for the determination of the material type and thickness of the
examined layer are the followings:
cazma sau lopatmanual shovel
sac de plastic pentru proba de solplastic bag (for soil sampling)

... [1|

... [2|

... [3|

... [+|

... [5|

... [6|

... [7|

... [8|

... [9|

... [10|

... [11|

... [12|

... [13|

... [1+|

... [15|

... [16|

... [17|

... [18|

... [19|

... [20|

... [21|

... [22|

... [23|

... [2+|

... [25|

... [26|

... [27|

... [28|

... [29|

... [30|

... [31|

... [32|

... [33|

... [3+|

... [35|

... [36|

... [37|

... [38|

... [39|

... [+0|

... [+1|

... [+2|

... [+3|

... [++|

... [+5|

... [+6|

... [+7|

... [+8|

... [+9|

... [50|

... [51|

... [52|
15
recipient cu nchidere ermetic pentru determinarea coninutului de apair-tight,
closing vessel (for the water content determination)
dreptar de nivelat pentru realizarea suprafeei dreptefloating rule to ensure the even
surface
5.4 Materialse
Materialele necesare pentru efectuarea msurtorilor suntThe materials needed for the test are
as follows:
nisip pentru egalizarea suprafeei, regulating carpet of sand, approx.10 kg
rol de hrtie rezerv pentru imprimantreserve paper roll for the printer.
5.5 Modurile de funcionare es of the measuring instrumenta dispozitivului
Modurile de funcionare i descrierea dispozitivului trebuie s fie cuprinse n manualul de
utilizare elaborat de productor sau distribuitor. The modes and description of the measuring
instrument must be included in an operating manual issued by the manufacturer (distributor).
Trebuie asigurate cel puin modurile de funcionare prezentate mai jos.he operation of the
following modes must be ensured at least. Numrul msurrii servete pentru identificarea
acesteia, i crete cu o unitate la fiecare msurareThe number of measurement serves for its
identification; it must be increased by one per measurement.
5.5.1 Mod de msurareeasuring mode
5.5.1.1 Modul de msurare a capacitii portanteBearing capacity measuring mode
Aceasta se folosete pentru efectuarea msurtorilor obinuite la faa locului, pentru
determinarea capacitii portanteIt serves the routine execution of the bearing capacity
measurements on site. Prin msurtori trebuie determinat modulul dinamic ca media unei serii
de trei ncrcri dinamice, dup trei ncrcri de precompactare. During the measurement the
value of the dynamic modulus rate must be determined by averaging, after a three-drop pre-
loading, from a three-drop dynamic loading. Unitatea de stocare-prelucrare a datelor trebuie s
afieze cel puin valorileAt least the following measured values must be displayed on the control
data-logger unit:
valori individualesingle values: s
11
, s
12
, s
13
ale deformaiilor, cu o precizie de
deformations with an accuracy of 0,01 mm
valoarea medie a amplitudiniloraverage value of the depression amplitudes: s
1a
,
cu o precizie de with an accuracy of 0,01 mm
modulul dyinamic modulus: E
d
, n Mpa, cu o precizie de with an accuracy of 0,1
mm
Este avantajos ca aparatul s reprezinte i diagrama drum-timp a discului de transmitere a
sarcinii pentru cele trei impacte msurateIt is advantageous if during the three dynamic loadings
required for the inspection the measuring instrument displays the loading discs path-time
depression curve also.
5.5.1.2 Modul de msurare a compactrii i capacitii portanteCompactness- and
bearing capacity measuring mode
Msurarea compactrii poate fi simplificatThe compactness measurement can be simplified
(BCP) sau cu serie completor complete-sequence (BC). measurement. n cazul seriei
complete, se determin amplitudinea deplasrii n cazul celor 18 impacte. At the complete
sequence the depression amplitudes must be determined at all 18 drops. n timp ce primele
ase cderi sunt necesare determinrii capacitii portante dup paragraful 5.5.1.1, pentru
determinarea gradului de compactare dinamic este nevoie de alte 4 serii de cte 3 cderi (=
12) pentru a realiza seria complet de msurtori. n cazul seriei simplificate, programul
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urmrete panta curbei de compactare dup cel de-al noulea impact. dac aceasta este mai
mic ntre dou puncte dect While the first six drops is necessary for the bearing capacity
measurement also, continuing the drops determined in 5.5.1.1 further 4 x 3 = 12 drops is
necessary for the complete-sequence determination of the dynamic compactness rate. In case
of simplified compactness measuring mode the programme watches the slope of the
compaction curve after the 9
th
drop. If it is less that = 0,05 between two points, atunci
presupunnd linearitatea, calculeaz punctele lipsthen assuming linearity, it calculates the
remaining points. Aceast serie simplificat de msurtori d un grad de compactitate uor mai
sczut, marja de siguran fiind mai mare. n raportul de msurri trebuie menionat dac s-a
utilizat seria de msurri complet sau simplificatThis measurement gives the bit smaller
compactness rate, i.e. it can be eliminated in favour of safety. The simplified or complete-
sequence measurement must be indicated during the data recording.

Valoarea medie a amplitudinii tasrii se determin ca medie aritmetic a fiecrei seriiThe
average depression amplitude must be determined from the measured values by arithmetical
averaging per sequence; iar din aceasta modulul dinamic i modulul dinamic final, gradul de
compactare relativ i gradul de compactare dinamic aa cum a fost determinat conform
paragrafului 5.5.1.1, precum i cel puin urmtoareleand accordingly from this the dynamic
modulus and the dynamic final modulus, the relative compactness rate and the dynamic
compactness rate as determined in 5.5.1.1 and at least the followings:
valoarea individual a tasriiindividual depression value: s
01
, tasarea la primul
impactdeformation of 1
st
drop with cu precizie de 0,01 mm accuracy
media valorilor tasriloraverage of depression amplitudes pe serii: s
0a
, s
1a
, s
2a
,
s
3a
, s
4a
, s
5a
cu precizie de with 0,01 mm accuracy
gradul de compactare relativ relative compactness rate: T
rE
% cu precizie de
with 0,1 mm accuracy
coeficientul de corecie n funcie de coninutul de apmoisture correction
coefficient: T
rw
cu o precizie de with 00,01 accuracy (valoare aleasselected
value)
modulul dinamic finaldynamic final modulus: E
dend
n MPa cu o precizie de with
0,1 accuracy
gradul de compactare dinamicdynamic compactness rate: T
rd
% cu o prezizie de
with 0,1 accuracy
Este avantajos ca pentru cele trei ncrcri dinamice It is advantageous, if during inspection at
the s
11
, s
12
, s
13
diagrama drum-timp a discului de transmitere a sarcinii i diagrama de
depresiune a msurrii compactrii s fie reprezentate grafic de ctre unitatea de de stocare-
prelucrare a datelorthree dynamic loadings the path-time diagram of the loading disc and the
depression curve of the compactness measurement can be displayed graphically also by the
control-storing unit.
5.5.2 Modul de calibrareCalibration mode
Mode folosit pentru autocontrol i calibrare used for own control and calibration. n acest mod,
se msoar i se afieaz numai tasarea n cursul unui singur impact. In this mode the
depression amplitude of only one drop is measured and displayed. n modul calibrare, afiajul
trebuie s prezinte viteza maxim de deplasare a discului de transmitere a sarciniiIn calibration
mode the display must indicate the maximal depression speed of the loading disc (v, mm/s) i
valorile necesare efecturii calibrriiand the data to be checked determined by the
manufacturer, for example: calibration factor and all values, which must be read out for the
calibration..
5.5.3 Modul de imprimarePrinting mode
n modul de imprimare, se realizeaz imprimarea pe teren a datelor msurtorilor. Dispozitivul
de msurare funcioneaz n acelai fel ca n modul de msurare. In printing mode the direct on-
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site printing of the measurement data must be ensured. In this mode the gauge shall operate in
the same way as in the measuring mode.
5.5.4 Modul transfer de dateData transfer mode
Datele msurtorilor trebuie s se poat transfera pe un The transfer of the measured data must
be enabled from the control-storage to a PC. Prin selectarea modului de transfer de date, datele
sunt transmise prin cablul de legtur pentru stocare i prelucrare ulterioar. By selecting the
data transfer mode the measurement data shall be transferred to a PC for further storing and
processing via the data cable connected to the gauge.

NOT:E In Funcionarea i operarea unitii de stocare i prelucrare a datelor, configurat pentru a ndeplini funciile
de baz prezentate mai sus, trebuie descris n detaliu n manualul de utilizare elaborat de ctre productor sau
distribuitor.printing mode the direct on-site printing of the measurement data must be ensured. In this mode the gauge
shall operate in the same way as in the measuring mode.
6 Proceduresi
6.1 Generaliti

n prealabil trebuie culese date cu privire la materialul de la faa locului i fcute teste privind
compactibilitatea It must be tried to know the material of the measurement place preliminarily
and to execute control test regarding the compactibility (EN 13286-2), distribuia
grainulometric-size distribution (EN 933-2), coninutul de apwater-content (EN 1097-5),
capacitatea de water absorptionbie, linia de saturaie i limitele coninutului de ap de punere n
oper, saturation lines and in-building water-content limits (EN 1097-6).

Manipularea dispozitivului de msurare trebuie nvat de ctre personalul executant, n mod
special prinderea n suguran a mnerului circular al masei cztoare dup recul i fixarea
acestuia. Trebuie avut n vedere c n cazul modulului dinamic sczut i straturilor
necompactate, reculul masei cztoare este minim dup primul impact. The manual technique
of the measurement must be learned by the personnel, especially the safety catching of the
circle handle of the falling weight flying back and its suitable fixing. It must be considered that at
low dynamic modulus and loose, non-compacted layers the falling weight hardly flies back at the
first drop.

Este interzis executarea msurtorilor asupra stratului ngheatIn frozen layer it is forbidden to
execute the dynamic measurement. Dac saturaia cu ap (determinat prin msurare la faa
locului) este If the saturation S > 0,95 (which can be determined from site water-content
measurement)iar coninutul de aer and the air content < 5 %, atunci relevana msurtorilor
dinamice este limitat datorit necompresibilitii apei, de aceea aceste cazuri trebuie
interpretate cu condiii, iar acest fapt trebuie menionat la observaiithen the reliability of all
dynamic measurements is limited owing to the incompressibility of water, therefore it must be
handled conditionally, and this fact must be indicated among the comments..
6.2 Pregtirea locului de msurareparation of the measurement site
Locul unde se fac msurtorile trebuie pregtit.The place of inspection must be prepared for the
measurement. Suprafaa pregtit trebuie s fie neted, orizontal i s aib structur uniform,
tipic pentru materialul stratului. The prepared surface must be even, and must have an even
texture typifying the material layer. Discul de transmitere a ncrcrii trebuie s se aeze pe
suprafa fr a se balansa. Diametrul suprafeei pregtite trebuie s fie cu circa 10 cm mai
mare dect diametrul discului. Suprafaa neuniform trebuie ajustat. The loading disc must
seat on the surface without tilting. The diameter of the prepared surface must be approx. 10 cm
larger than the diameter of the loading disc and almost horizontal. The uneven surface must be
corrected with the floating rule or cutting.
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Dac suprafaa de examinat este foarte afnat, uscat, crpat sau accidentat, trebuie
ndeprtat stratul superior i trebuie realizat o suprafa corespunztoare de dimensiuni
menionate.if the surface of the earthwork or the material layer is loose, dried, cracked or
uneven, then this layer must be removed in the necessary volume and the place of
measurement must be formed in an area of the required size.

Dac nu se poate realiza altfel aezarea corect a discului, denivelrile suprafeei pot fi
corectate cu nisip uscat de granulaie If the good seating cannot be ensured in another way, the
unevenness of the surface must be filled up with air-dry fine fin, 0/1 sand. La utilizarea
nisipului, grosimea stratului de egalizare s nu gepeasc valoarea strict necesar pentru
umplerea neuniformitilor.During the preparation it must be tried to ensure that the thickness of
the regulating sand does not exceed the value, which is absolutely necessary for the up-filling of
the gaps. Scopul egalizrii este doar asigurarea contactului complet al discului cu suprafaa.
Dac materialul utilizat pentru corectarea suprafeei difer considerabil de materialul structurii
examinate, acesta trebuie menionat la observaii n buletinul de ncercriIt shall fill up only the
gaps and unevenness of the surface and ensure the whole-surface seating. The method of
preparation of the surface if its material considerably differs from the material of the examined
structure must be indicated in the test report among the comments.

Este interzis s se fac astfel de msurtori pe straturi ngheate sau n orice alt situaie cnd
deformarea liber a stratului n urma impactului este mpiedicat. In frozen layer or in all
situations, when the free deformation originating from the drops is limited, the measurement is
forbidden.
6.3 Pregtirea dispozitivului pentru msurareparation of gauge for
measurement
6.3.1 Pregtirea dispozitivului pentru msurtori pe terenparation of gauge for site
measurements
nainte de nceperea activitii zilnice de msurare cu dispozitivul, acesta trebuie verificat cu
respectarea urmtoarelor puncteThe check of the suitability of the gauge and its preparation for
measurement must be executed before the daily measurement task keeping the following
requirements:
control complet al dispozitivului din punct de vedere mecaniccontinuous checking of
the mechanical operation of the gauge (dispozitiv de declanare, eava de ghidare,
dispozitivul de blocare pentru transport, curenie, gresaretrigger structure, guide
tube, triggering of the transportation protection, cleaning and silicone lubrication)
controlul cderii libere a masei de cderechecking the free falling of the falling weight
verificarea strii racordurilor de cabluinspection of the possible damages of the
electronic connectors
verificarea strii cablurilorinspection of the possible damages of connecting cables
verificarea ncrcrii bateriei (la unitatea de prelucrare a datelor i la
imprimant)checking the charging level of the battery (control unit and printer)

Aceast verificare a dispozitivului i un test de funcionare descris la paragraful 6.3.2 trebuie
efectuate la sediu nainte de plecare pe teren.The own control of the gauge and the control test
determined in 6.3.2 must be executed already in the plant before starting to the site. Dac se
constat defeciuni mecanice, blocare,deteriorare a cablurilor, murdrie sau coroziune, aceste
trebuie eliminate. Dac gradul de ncrcare a bateriei este sub 50 %, aceasta trebuie
rencrcat sau nclocuit. Dac se prevede un numr mai mare de msurtori, bateria trebuie
s fie complet ncrcat. If mechanical damage, jam, cable breakage, contamination or
corrosion is explored, then the errors must be eliminated. If the batterys charging level is lower
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than 50%, then it must be charged up or replaced. Before larger tasks the batteries shall be
charged up completely.
6.3.2 Test de funcionareControl test
Pe teren n locul unde se fac msurtorile, se va efectua un nou test de funcionare. After
arriving to the site the gauge must be switch into measuring mode at the typical measurement
location. One control test must be executed. Dac pe afiaj apare eroare de msurare, trebuie
verificat starea dispozitivului i cablurilor, dup care se efectuaz un nou test de funcionare.
Dac eroarea persist, procedai la testul accelerometrului i al unitii de colectare i prelucrare
a datelor. Nu se pot face msurtori dect cu un dispozitiv n stare perfect de funcionareIf the
display indicates the measurement error, the set-up of the gauge and its cables must be
checked, and then the measurement must be restarted. If the error message is still displayed,
run the tests of the acceleration gauge or the measuring unit. The inspection cannot be started
with faulty gauge.

Dac dispozitivul funcioneaz bine, trebuie verificat abaterea dintre valorile modulului dinamic
la prima msurare. dac aceast diferen nu depete valoarea prescris i reprezentarea
grafic a celor trei impacte este apropiat, atunci funcionarea dispozitivului este considerat
corespunztoare i se pot ncepe msurtorile cu rezultate acceptate. If the gauge operates
well, the difference of the individual dynamic modulus values also must be checked at the first
measurement. If this difference does not exceed the prescribed value and the graphical figure of
the three drops is close to each other, then the operation of the gauge can be considered as
acceptable and the measurements can be started and the first measurement is acceptable.
6.3.3 ntroducerea dateiDate setting
Odat cu rezultatele determinrilor pe teren, sunt tiprite data i ora acestora. De aceea, trebuie
verificat nainte de msurtori ca acestea s fie corect ajustate. Este bine ca aceast verificare
i eventuala ajustare s se fac n timpul pregtirii pentru lucru conform paragrafului At the site
printings the date and time of inspection are also printed out, therefore its correctness must be
checked before measurement. It is expedient to check it during the preparation determined in
6.3.1. If the date and time data are not correct, they must be set according to the operation
instructions of the gauge. Modul de ajustare a datei i orei este descris n manualul de utilizare.
6.4 Msurarea capacitii portante dinamiceDynamic bearing capacity
measurement
6.4.1 Etapele msurrii capacitii portante dinamiceSteps of the dynamic bearing
capacity measurement
Dup pregtirea suprafeei, deflectometrul trebuie adus n poziie de lucruAfter the preparation
of the measurement place deflectometer must be positioned on the surface:
se poziioneaz defelctometrul pe suprafaa pregtit, printr-o micare hotrt dar
fr s fie lsat s cad, se rotete spre stnga i dreapta cu circa positioning the
loading disc on the prepared surface with the steadily, but not dropping it down, and
adjusting it by turning it left and right in 45
o
, asigurnd o aezare stabilensuring the
seating without tilting
cu ajutorul cablului de msurare se face legtura dintre senzorul de pe discul de
transmitere a sarcinii i unitatea de colectare-prelucrare a datelorconnecting the
transmitter of the loading disc with the control-storing unit by the help of the
measuring cable
se poziioneaz masa cztoare pe bila de centrare a disculuipositioning falling
weight onto the centring ball of the loading disc
se desface sigurana de fixare pe timpul transportului a masei cztoaretriggering
the securing pin of the transportation protection of the falling weight
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Behuzas: Bal: 1,9 cm,
Nincs felsorolas vagy szamozas
Felsorolas s szamozas
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se ridic i se fixeaz masa cztoare n poziia superioarpulling up and fixing the
loading weight
se conecteaz unitatea de colectare-prelucare a datelor i se trece n modul
msurarewitching on the measuring-control unit, switch into measuring mode
6.4.2 Operaiuni de executare a msurrii capacitii portante dinamicetions of the
dynamic bearing capacity measurement
a) Se face o prencrcare prin trei cderi (b-d)Pre-loading must be done on the
measurement by three drops (bd).
b) Masa cztoare, atunci cnd defelctometrul nu este folosit, trebuie s fie imobilizat de
dispozitivul de fixareThe falling weight (if not lifted) must be pulled up to collision and
fixed by a locking handle. Trebuie verificat ca la ridicarea masei cztoare, bila ce
centrare s nu fie deplasat din locaul ei. Look to it that the seating of the centring ball
is not raised from the disc and the disc is not displaced. Masa cztoare trebuie ridicat
pn la mecanismul de declanare innd-o cu ambele mini, iar cu degetele mari
apsm de sus pe clemele dispozitivului de declanare. Masa cztoare trebuie ridicat
cu micare ferm pn cnd este prins de ghearele mecanismului de declanare.
Bruscarea dispozitvului poate duce la obinere de rezultate eronate. When connecting
the falling weight to the trigger mechanism both hands must be used so that we pop up
our thumbs to the clamp of the blocking element from above. The falling weight must be
directly lifted to the buffer until they mesh. By pulling up the falling weight slowly, the
blocking/trigger structure will catch the weight. A too quick, sudden lifting may result in
faulty measurement.
c) Avnd tija de ghidare n poziie vertical, se declaneaz cderea masei. Dup reculul
acesteia, grautatea trebuie prins de mnerul circular fr a o mai lsa s cad, i
trebuie din nou ridicat i prins n mecanismul de fixare.Along with the vertical
positioning of the conductor the falling weight must be trigged. After the recoiling thereof
the falling weight shall be put back into the locking gauge by catching the circular handle
and pulling it up.
d) Dup cele trei cderi de prencrcare, urmeaz cele trei cderi de msurare conform
puctelor (f-jAs a second sequence, the third pre-loading is followed by three measuring
drops (fj)).
e) Datele de la cele trei cderi de prencrcare nu trebuie stocate. Dac n timpul
prencrcrii nu a fost pornit unitatea de colectare i prelucrare a datelor, acum trebuie
verificat dac aceasta este pornitIt is not necessary to store the data of the pre-
loadings. If the control gauge has not yet been switched on, then this must be done.
f)Tija de ghidare trebuie fixat cu grij pe discul de transmiterea ncrcrii, i acesta trebuie
verificat de fiecare dat cnd masa cztoare este ridicat. Este practic dac
dispozitivul emite un semnal sonor cnd este gata pentru o nou ncercare. Dup ce
masa cztoare a fost lsat s cad, trebuie verificat dac datele au fost recepionate
de unitatea de colectare i prelucrare a datelor. he conductor shall be carefully pressed
on the loading disc in a vertical position while the falling weight must be trigged. By
raising it after the recoiling the falling weight shall be put back. It may be advantageous if
the control device gives a sound signal indicating that it is ready for the next drop, too.
After the drop one must confirm whether the control unit accepted the measurement or it
must be repeated.Pe afiaj trebuie s apar amplitudinea tasrii msurate
f) The display must show the measured depression amplitude sign: s
11

g) Dup a doua cdere, masa cztoare trebuie prins la fel i fixat. Acum afiajul trebuie
s arate valoareaAfter a further drop the falling weight must be caught and fixed. The
display must show the latest measured depression amplitude: s
12

h) Dup ultima cdere, masa cztoare trebuie fixat pe tija de ghidare n poziia inferioar.
After the last drop the falling weight must be caught and put into a lower position. Acum
pe afiaj trebuie s apar valorile de la cele trei impacte precum i media acestoraNow
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Felsorolas s szamozas
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Behuzas: Fggo: 1,27 cm,
Automatikus sorszamozas + Szint: 1 +
Szamozas stilusa: a, b, c, . + Kezdo
sorszam: 1 + !gazitas: Bal oldalt +
!gazitas: 0,63 cm + Tabulatorhely:
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the display must show all three depression amplitudes and the average thereof: s
11
, s
12
,
s
13
andi s
1a
.
Dac valoarea amplitudinilor msurate difer semnificativ de medie,
msurtoarea trebuie repetat. Dac se afl n limite acceptabile, se consider terminat
msurarea capacitii portante dinamiceIf the single depression amplitude values deviate
considerably from the average, the measurement must be repeated. If we accept them
the dynamic bearing capacity measurement is finished.
i) n acest moment, afiajul va arta valoarea modulului dinamic, numrul msurtorii i
valoarea medie a defelciei msurate. Numrul de ordine al msurtorii servete pentru
identificarea acestuia, i crete n mod automat cu o unitate la fiecare msurtoare. In
this moment, the display shall show the dynamic modulus value along with the number of
the measurement, beyond the average value of the depression amplitudes. The
sequence number of the measurement serves the marking of the measuring; it shall
automatically increase by one unit per measurement.
j) Datele msurtorilor pot fi tiprite. If needed the measurement data shall be printable.
Dup terminarea msurtorilor, unitatea de colectare-prelucrare a datelor trebuie
decuplat i masa cztoare fixat n poziia inferioar pentru transport. Se vor nota
informaiile superioare lng rezultatele imprimate. After fini
sh
ing the measurement the
measuring-controlling unit must be switched off; and the falling weight must be secured
for transport. By this time the auxiliary and identification data must be recorded; it is
reasonable to write it next to the printed results.
k) Dispozitivul de msurare se transport n poziia pentru urmtoarea msurare inut de
mnerul de transport aproape de centrul su de greutate. Pe timpul deplasrii trebuie
avut grij s nu se loveasc tija de ghidare sau alte pri ale dispozitivului. The gauge
shall be carried to the next measurement site with two hands, by the help of the handles
positioned in the gravity centre. Be careful that you do not kick the centring rod to
anything and avoid its damaging during the shipment.
l) Dac dup realizarea impactelor pe afiaj apare mesaj de eroare, msurtoarea
ntrerupt, cauza erorii remediat i msurtoarea trebuie repetat. If the display
indicates an error message after a drop it must be repeated. In case of a considerable
difference in the deflection amplitude the measurement cannot be continued. Diferene
mari dintre valorile defleciei msurate n cadrul unei serii pot fi cauzate de decentrarea
masei cztoare sau discului. Dac mesajul de eroare apare n continuu, cauza poate fi
ori natura materialului examinat ori defectarea senzorului sau cablului de date. Pentru a
depista defeciunea, se recomand efectuarea testului de funcionare.The error can as
well be caused by the dislocation of the centring of either the loading disc or the falling
weight. If the error message continuously appears after the repeated drops it might be
caused by either the measured material or the failure of the transmitter, the connector or
the cable. In order to explore the reason of the device failure it is reasonable to make the
soundness test.
6.4.3 Msurtori pe teren n condiii deosebiteSite measurement under special
circumstances
Vorbim despre condiii deosebite atunci cnd msurtorile se fac ntr-o groap de lucru,
umpluturi pariale, ramblee, deblee. n aceste cazuri trebuie acordat o atenie deosebit
prevederilor de securitatea muncii (pericol de surpare, trafic). It is a special circumstance when
the measurement is being made in a working ditch, on the surface of partial backfillings or on a
sloping surface. In these cases special attention must be paid to the safety regulations during
the measurement (collapsing, traffic). Se vor face msurtori numai n locuri n care exist
condiii pentru lucru n siguran. n terenuri n pant trebuie inut seama de posibilitatea
alunecrii, deplasrii discului, de aceea locul unde se fac msurtorile trebuie pregtit pentru a
avea o suprafa aproape orizontalMeasurements can be made only at such points where the
conditions for safe work are ensured. During the examination on a sloping area the slipping and
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Bettipus: Dolt, roman
(Romania)
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index
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displacement of the loading disc must be observed. The measurement can be executed only
after the creation of an almost horizontal measurement site.
6.5 Msurarea compactitii dinamice i capacitii portanteDynamic
compactness and bearing capacity measurement
6.5.1 Cazul general al msurrii compactitii dinamice i capacitii portanteThe
dynamic compactness and bearing capacity measurement in general cases
The Deflectometrul se pregtete pentru lucru n modul descris la paragrafele preparation of the
deflectometer is the same as introduced in 6.3.1 6.3.2 6.4.1. Datele pentru determinarea
compactitii dinamice se obin odat cu msurarea capacitii portante, i n acest caz trebuie
nregistrate i valorile tasrii de la impactele de prencrcare. Dup executarea celei de-a doua
serii de impacte, mai sunt necesare alte patru serii de cte 3 impacte. Astfel, pentru efectuarea
unei ncercri complete se execut n total 18 impacte. Se poate executa ncercarea simplificat
conform paragrafului The dynamic compactness measurement is executed simultaneously with
the bearing capacity measurement, and the depression amplitude of the drops made as pre-
loading must be measured also. After the second sequence needed for the dynamic bearing
capacity measurement further four sequences are necessary with 3-3 drops. In this way for the
complete dynamic compactness measurement aggregately 18 drops must be executed. The
simplified compactness measurement can be executed according to 7.3.1.2, cnd dup 9
impacte se mai execut alte impacte n funcie de panta diagramei amplitudinii depresiei. which
controls the number of the necessary drops from the 9
th
drop depending on the slope of the
depression amplitude curve up to the 18
th
drop.
6.5.2 Operaiuni n cadrul msurrilortions of the measurement
The Datele obinute din primele dou serii de impacte (ase cderi) sunt necesare att pentru
determinarea capacitii portante dinamice ct i a compactrii dinamice.measurement data of
the first two sequences (six drops) are necessary for the dynamic bearing capacity
measurement and the dynamic compactness measurement also. Msurtorile se execut n
acelai mod prezentat n paragraful The execution of the measurement is the same as
introduced in 6.4.2 n primele dou serii. until the second sequence. n continuare se execut
cele patru serii de trei cderi fr ca dispozitivul s fie micat din loc. Prin urmare, lucrul efectuat
asupra stratului supus ncercrii prin cele 18 impacte executate n total, este acelai ca n cazul
msurrii Proctor modificat.After then in further four sequences further three-three drops must
be executed without displacing the loading disc. Accordingly, the work on the layer compacted
by aggregately 18 drops is the same as the value of the compacting work applied in the modified
Proctor measurement.

Afiajele datelor de msurare i erorilor sunt la fel ca cele prezentate n paragraful The
measuring and error messages between the measurements are the same as introduced in
6.4.2. n cazul unei cderi nereuite, aceasta nu poate fi repetat. n acest caz trebuie repetat
ntreaga serie de impacte pe o poziie complet nou.In case of a faulty drop, after dropping the
weight, it cannot be repeated; new positioning is needed at a new measurement place.

n timpul msurtorilor, unitatea de colectare-prelucrare a datelor va indica amplitudinea
tasrilor pe fiecare impact. La sfritul seriei se obin toate valorileAt measurement, during the
continuous drops the control-measuring unit must indicate the depression amplitude per
sequence. Finally, all of the available depression amplitudes: s
ij
undewhere i = 0 5 este seria
de msurtori iar is the measurement sequence and j = 1 3 este numrul impactului n cadrul
serieiis the number of drops. Astfel se cunosc amplitudinile tasrilor pentru fiecare dintre cele 18
impacteBy this the individual depression amplitudes of the 18 impacts become known.
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7 Calculul i exprimarea ation and expression of reszultsatelor
7.1 Deflecia, amplitudinea tasriition, depression amplitude
Amplitudinea tasrii este mrimea deplasrii descului pe durata impactului masei de cdere, 18
ms. The depression amplitude is the range of the movement curve measured during the time of
plate measurement (18ms); the degree of its depression. Simbolgn: s
ij
, unitatea: mm,
undewhere i = 0 5 indic cele ase serii, iar means six sequences and j = 1 3 indic cele trei
impacte ale unei seriimeans three drops per sequence. valorile individuale de la fiecare impact
trebuie notate sau nregistrate n unitatea de colectare-prelucrare a datelor. The individual
values must be recorded per drop or stored in the control unit. Se calculeaz media aritmetic
din cadrul fiecrei serii. Mediile celor trei impacte se noteaz cuMathematical average must be
calculated from the individual values per sequence. Sign of the averages: s
ia
, the average of all
three drops. Amplitudinea tasrilor i media acestora trebuie determinate cu o precizie de cel
puin The depression amplitudes and their averages must be determined with an accuracy of at
least 0,1 mm.
7.2 Modulul capacitii portante dinamiceDynamic bearing capacity modulus
7.2.1. Modulul capacitii portante dinamiceDynamic bearing capacity modulus

Valoarea modulului dinamic The dynamic modulus E
d
, unitatea de msur MPa, se calculeaz
cu formula Boussinesq de mai jos, din valoarea medie whose value must be calculated from the
following Boussinesq formula, from the s
1a
a valorilor individuale average value of the s
11
, s
12

andi s
13
a mrimii tasriidepression amplitudes:
( )
a a
din
C d
s
C
s
r p c
E
1 1
2
1

=
. . .
, ,

undewhere: c: coeficientului Boussinesq al disculuiplate multiplier (/2, consideringnd
disc rigid /2 rigid plate)
s
1a
: deplasarea vertical medie a centrului discului, exprimat n average
vertical travel of the centre of the plate, 0,01 mm
: coeficient Poisson-coefficient

(conform standardului ungaraccording to
MSZ 2509-3 standard)
r: raza discului de transmitere a ncrcriidius of the loading disc, mm
p
dyn
: F
dyn
/A, presiunea dinamic sub disc, value of the under-plate dynamic
loading, 0,35 Mpa (N/mm
2
sau MN/m
2
)
undewhere: A: suprafaa discului de transmitere a sarciniiloading disc surface, mm
2

K h g m F
dyn
. . . . 2 =
undewhere: m: masa corpului cztormass of falling body,
g: acceleraia gravitaional, tion of gravity m/s
2
(pe laitudinea noastron
our latitude it is 9,81)
h: nlimea de cderedrop height, m
K: constanta arculuispring constant, N/m
Tot un modul al capacitii portante este i modulul final care cacacterizeaz capacitatea
portant a stratului compactat complet dup toate seriile de impacte. Valoarea acestuia se
calculeaz cu aceeai formul de calcul a Dynamic bearing capacity modulus is the final
modulus also, which at the end of the dynamic compactness measurement typifies the bearing
capacity of the completely compacted layer and its value can be calculated from the E
d
, ns
folosind media s
5a
a mediilor din fiecare serie de impacte calculation formula, but from s
5a

average value of the s
51,
s
52,
s
53,
depression amplitudes.

NOTE: Valoarea modulului capacitii portante dinamice se exprim rotunjit la dou zecimale.The value of the
dynamic bearing capacity modulus must be stated rounded to two decimal figures. Pentru a interpretea corect

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modulul dinamic, pe lng valoarea numeric trebuie menionateIn favour of the complete understanding of the
dynamic modulus, beside the result the followings must be stated or indicated also: Coeficientul selected c ales i
valoarea coeficientului Poisson utilizat n formulmultiplier applied in the formula and the applied Poisson coefficient.
Pentru rezultate concludente, trebuie efectuate dou msurtori standard pentru o locaie (At one measurement
place, within one measurement two measurements must be executed for the standard measurement (seevezi 7.2.3)
7.2.2 Modulul dinamic echivalentEquivalent dynamic modulus
Modulul dinamic echivalent trebuie calculat folosind coeficientul caracteristic pentru
umplutura/stratul natural examinat, stabilit prin alte metode de msurare, dac pentru
deflectometru este fixat coeficientul The equivalent dynamic modulus must be calculated from
the coefficient typifying the material of the earthwork/layer calculated from the results of the tests
executed with different measuring instruments, if at the deflectometer thediscului c = 2 plate-
multiplier or thesau coeficientul = 0,4, ori nu poate fi ntrodus coeficientul coefficient were fixed
or the c = /2 i coeficientul Poisson real. and the real Poisson-coefficient could not be adjusted.
Acesta este cazul la deflectometrele cu program fix. Aceste rezultate trebuie deci transformate.It
is often at the gauges having burnt-in program. These results can be converted.

Modulul dinamic echivalent poate fi transformat pentru un strat cu coeficientul Poisson real i cu
coeficientul de disc numai dac msurrile s-au efectuat cu un dispozitiv cu acelai diametru al
discului i cu realizarea unei ncrcri dinamice identiceThe equivalent dynamic modulus can be
converted only from the measurement results of gauges of the same plate diameter and the
same dynamic loading for a layer of real Poisson-modulus or for the rigid plate-multiplier; de
aceea acest fapt trebuie specificattherefore this fact must be indicated.

TransformareaConversion:
c d p D dE
k k E E . .
, ,
=

undewhere:
k

factor de transformare pentru coeficientul conversion multiplier for the


Poisson coefficient, dac acesta nu a putut fi ajustat n timpul
msurtorilorif it could not be adjusted during the measurement

k
c
factor de transformare pentru coeficientul discului, dac aacesta nu a
putut fi ajustat n timpul msurtorilorconversion multiplier of plate
model multiplier, if it could not be adjusted during the measurement

Dac If the c = 2 andi = 0,4 - coefficient is fixedat, atuncithen:
= 0,3 granular material granular k

= 0,923 andi
= 0,5 bound material coeziv k

= 1,120
k
c
= -0,785 c = /2 n loc de instead of c = 2.


Dac msurtorile au fost executate utiliznd coeficient de disc If the measurement was
executed with fixedat c = 2 i coeficient Poisson realrigid plate multiplier and real ,Poisson-
coefficient, atunci nu este necesar transformarea then E
dM,D,p
= E
d
, i.e. no conversion is
necessary.

Valoarea modulului dinamic echivalent trebuie exprimat rotunjit la o zecimal. The value of
the equivalent dynamic modulus must be stated rounded to one decimal figure. Pentru o
interpretare complet, pe lng rezultat trebuie specificat diametrul discului In favour of the
complete understanding, beside the result, the followings must be stated/indicated also: plate
diameter (de.g ex. 163) i ncrcarea dinamic aplicatand the applied dynamic loading:, de ex.
e.g.: E
dE /163 /0,35
= 16,3 MPa
7.2.3 Modulul dinamic standardStandard dynamic modulus
n cazul ncercrilor care au efect legal i al celor cu scop de control, trebuie calculat media
aritmetic a cel puin dou msurtori efectuate simultan la distan de cel mult un metru. In
case of qualifying tests causing legal effect and in case of control tests mathematical average

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must be calculated from at least two measurements executed simultaneously within one metre.
Dac diferena fa de mediu cu mai mult de If they differ from average with more than its 20%,
atunci este nevoie de o a treia msurtoare pentru a calcula media. then a newer, third
measurement is necessary in the averaging. Modulul dinamic standard trebuie exprimat rotunjit
la numr ntreg. Pentru o interpretare corect, lng rezultat trebuie specificat The value
standard dynamic modulus must be stated rounded to integral number. In favour of the complete
understanding, beside the result the followings must be stated/indicated also: diametrul discului
i sarcina dinamic aplicatplate diameter and the applied
dyn
dynamic loading.
De exempluFor example: E
dM/ D/p
= 24 MPa

NOTE: Dac n timpul msurrii compactitii dinamice valoarea de saturaie calculat din coninutul de ap
msurat este If during the dynamic compactness measurement the saturation value calculated from the measured
water-content is S > 0,95, atunci se consider c stratul este saturat cu apthen the layer is saturated with water.
Deoarece apa du este compresibil, rezult o taasare mai redus, astfel msurarea nu poate fi considerat relevant
(lucru valabil pentru toate msurtorile prin procedee dinamice). n acest caz, valoarea modulului dinamic obinut din
msurtori trebuie considerat informativ, deoarece nu sunt ndeplinite integral condiiile necesare prevzute pentru
msurtoriWhile the water cannot be compressed with dynamic impact, it results in smaller depression amplitude, i.e.
the measurement cannot be standard (it applies for all dynamic measurements).In this case, the measured value of
the dynamic modulus measurement must be considered as informative, while the conditions of the measurement are
met limitedly. n acest caz, stratul respectiv nu poate fi compactat nici cu cilindrul compactor, trebuie uscat sau
aerisitIn this case, the inspected layer cannot be compacted with compacting roller either, the layer must be dried or
ventilated.
7.3 Gradul de compactare dinamicThe dynamic compactness rate
Gradul de compactare dinamic The T
rd
% este produsul dintre compactarea relativ i
coeficientul de corecie n funcie de coninutul de apdynamic compactness rate is the product
of the relative compactness and the moisture correction coefficient:
% . %
r rw rE rd
T T T T = =
undewhere T
rE
este compactarea relativ site relative compactness is the compactness
rate (vezisee 7.3.1.2.) atins prin compactare la coninutul de ap dat,
iarreached by the compaction beside given water content, and
T
rw
este coeficientul de corecie cu care se face transformarea la coninutul
optim de apis the moisture correction coefficient needed for the
conversion for the optimal water content.

Gradul de compactare rezultat este acelai ca i gradul de compactare (T
r
%) determinat prin
metoda izotopilor.The resulted compactness rate is the same as the value of the compactness
rate (T
r
%) determined by the isotopic measurement. Gradul de compactare dinamic, n
comparaie cu alte metode de determinare a compactriiThe dynamic compactness rate in
comparison with other compactness measuring methods (isotopic sau compararea densitii n
vrac cu densitatea de referinor poured bulk density and compared to the reference density)
ofer o precizie semnificativ mai mare has far better accuracy.

nainte de calculul compactrii relative Before the calculation of the T
rE
de pe terensite relative
compactness calculation, amplitudinile tasrilor msurate n cursul celor 18 impacte trebuie
corectate n conformitate cu condiia the depression amplitudes measured during 18 drops must
be corrected according to the s
ij
s
i,j+1
condition, prin care variaiile accidentale ale diagramei de
compactare sunt minimizate pentru o mai mare siguran. by which the compaction curve
accidental variations are decreased in favour of the higher safety. Valoarea The T
rE
a
compactrii relative reprezentnd gradul de compactare atins la coninutul natural de ap
trebuie determinat din aceast diagram corectat, cu formularelative compactness value
representing the compactness rate reached at the natural water content must be determined
from this corrected curve from the following formula:
m rE
D T . 100 %
0
=
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26
undewhere:
0
coeficientul linear al drepteithe linear coefficient of the V
mm
T
r
%
straight calculated din testul from the Proctor-test model Guscat dry= constant
model, in general poate fi luat it can be taken 0,365 0,025 (which a typical
value localized by several measurements).
D
m
dindicele deformriiation index, ponderat cu numrul de ordine al impactuluiit is
weighted with the number of drops; se calculeaz din suma elementelor irului
de date format din diferenele tasrilor succesive pn la impactul cu numrul
respectivit is calculated from the sum of the elements of the data line formed
from the difference of the subsequent depression amplitudes up to the drop.

NOTE Modelul The Guscat dry= constant nseamn modelul teoretic fiind egal cu condiiile de pe teren, unde
masele uscate ale eantioanelor model means the theoretical model being equal to the natural site conditions, where
the dry mass of the samples aresunt egale, doar coninutul de ap difer the same and only the water-content is
different. Prin urmare, nlimea (uscat sau real) a cilindrilor de msurare dup compactare cu acelai lucru este
minim n cazul Therefore, the (dried or real) height of the measurement cylinders after compacting with the same
work is the smallest at wopt i nlimea cilindrilor and the Vmm height of the cylinders is increteasing mergnd att
spre ramura uscat ct i cea umedmoving outward on the dry- and wet branch. Diferena cilindrilor avnd aceeai
mas uscat poate fi considerat ca diferena nlimilor cilindrilor avnd acelai diametru se poate considera ca fiind
tasarea fa de cilindrul nvecinat.The difference of the cylinders of the same dry mass can be considered as the
difference of the cylinder heights also owing to the equal diameter of the cylinders, such as the values compared to
the adjacent cylinder, which can be considered as the depression compared to this previous one.
ntruct se consider cunoscut din testul de control densitatea uscat a cilindrilor, While conventionally, the
cylinders dry density is known from the control test, the relaiation gradului de compactare of the Tr
% compactness
rate calculat ed din densitatea uscat poate fi determinat prin diferena volumelor.from the dry density can be
determined with the difference of the volumes. Considernd aceast relaie ca fiind linearing this relation as linear,
mm
V
r
T = . 100 %

de unde valoarea luifrom where the poate fi determinat lng un coeficient de corelare
value can be determined beside R 0,9 correlation coefficient.


Calcularea coeficientului de corecie n funcie de coninutul de aption of the moisture
correction coefficient:

Ceficientul n funcie de coninutul de ap trebuie calculat n acelai timp cu msurtorile, ori din
valoarea coninutului de ap determinat n laboratorThe moisture correction coefficient must be
calculated simultaneously with the measurement or from the water-content value measured in
the laboratory:
max d
di
rw
T

=
Deci, coeficientul de corecie n funcie de coninutul de ap este raportul de densitate calculat
din testul Proctor din laborator, adic o diagram Proctor normalizatAccordingly, the moisture
correction coefficient is the density ratio calculated from the laboratory Proctor control test, i.e. a
normalized Proctor-curve. Valoarea The
dmax
trebuie citit din proba Proctor modificat al
materialului n cel puin 4 puncte, conform value must be read off from the at least 4-point
modified Proctor control test of the material sample according to 7.4 alof EN 13286-2, i
valoarea and the
di
trebuie citit din diagrama msurrii value must be read off from the curve
of the Proctor measurement, if thedac se cunoate coninutul de ap w
t
% al locului
msurriiwater-content of the measurement place is known. n cazul lucrrilor mai mari ori al
unui tip de material aplicat pe suprafa mare In case of larger projects or a material type
applied on large surface (de ex. strat protectore.g. protection layer), factorul the T
rw
poate fi
pregtit dinainte sub form de tabel n funcie de coninutul de ap, pentru a fi folosit pe
terenmultiplier can be prepared in tabular form previously depending on the water-content and it
can be used at site. (seevezi Annexa B.3)

NOTE 1: Dac se solicit o precizie mai mare, se poate utiliza coeficientul de umiditate corectatIn case of more
accurate demand, the corrected moisture correction coefficient can be applied:

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rwk rE rd
T T T . = whereunde
( )
( )

=
1
rw
rwk
T
T , andiar
( )

=
ij
s
s s
53 01

NOTE 2: Diagrama Proctor se determin printr-o diagram de grad doi prin analiz de regresie din punctele Proctor.
The Proctor-curve is determined with a second-degree curve from the Proctor points by regression analysis. Punctele
Proctor din msurri pot fi completate cu dou puncte fictiveThe measured Proctor points can be completed with two
fictive points. Prin aceast metod, diagrama de corecie de umiditate calculat din proba Proctor modificat poate fi
calculat pentru coninuturi ntregi de umiditate i poate fi elaborat nainte. Un exemplu este prezentat n Anexa
B3.By this method the moisture correction curve calculated from the modified Proctor inspection can be calculated for
the whole water-contents and it can be stated preliminary. Please find an example in Appendix B3.
7.3.1 Gradul de compactare standardStandard compactness rate
7.3.1.1
n cazul ncercrilor ale cror rezultate au efect legal i a celor cu scop de control, trebuie
calculat media aritmetic a cel puin dou msurtori ale gradului de compactare dinamic,
efectuate la distan mai mic de un metru, iar cifra obinut se rotunjete la valoarea ntreagIn
case of qualifying tests causing legal effect and in case of control tests the mathematical
average of two dynamic compactness rates measured within one metre must be calculated and
the value of the standard dynamic compactness rate must be stated rounded to integral number.
Exaemplue: T
rdM
= 95 %.

Dac diferena dintre gradul de compactare dinamic obinut prin calcul din rezultatele
msurtorilor i media aritmetic a celor dou (T
rd
%) este mai mare dect 3,0 %, trebuie
executat o a treia serie de msurtori deasemenenea n cadrul perimetrului de un metru, apoi
recalculat media. If the difference of the dynamic compactness rate (T
rd
%) drawn in into the
calculation and the average is larger than 3,0 %, then a third measurement (executed also
within one metre) is necessary for the averaging,

NOTE Dac valoarea indicelui de deformare If the Dm calculat din msurtorile compactrii dinamice este
deformation index value calculated during the dynamic compactness measurement is >3 i n acelai timp modulul
dinamic msurat and at the same time, the measured dynamic modulus Ed < 10 MPa, atunci rezultatul compactrii
dinamice poate fi considerat doar informativthen the result of the dynamic compactness measurement can be
considered as informative only, deoarece nu sunt ndeplinite integral condiiile de teren pentru executarea de
msurtori. while the conditions of the site compactibility are met limitedly, n acest caz, nu avem o contrasuprafa
ncrcabil potrivit pentru realizarea In compactrii. Aceasta nseamn c stratul nu poate fi compactat nici cu
cilindrul compactor, capacitatea portant trebuie mrit i stratul trebuie din cou compactat!this case, the loadable
counter surface needed for the compactness is missing, and the layer cannot be compacted suitably during the
measurement, In this case, the inspected layer cannot be compacted suitably with compacting roller either; the
bearing capacity must be increased and the compaction must be repeated!
Dac n timpul msurrii compactitii dinamice valoarea de saturaie calculat din coninutul de ap msurat este S >
0,95, atunci se consider c stratul este saturat cu ap. Deoarece apa du este compresibil, rezult o taasare mai
redus, astfel msurarea nu poate fi considerat relevant (lucru valabil pentru toate msurtorile prin procedee
dinamice). n acest caz, valoarea modulului dinamic obinut din msurtori trebuie considerat informativ, deoarece
nu sunt ndeplinite integral condiiile necesare prevzute pentru msurtori. n acest caz, stratul respectiv nu poate fi
compactat nici cu cilindrul compactor, trebuie uscat sau aerisitIf the saturation value calculated from the water-content
measured during the dynamic compactness measurement is S > 0,95, then the layer is saturated with water While the
water cannot be compressed with dynamic impact, it results in smaller depression amplitude, i,e, the measurement
cannot be standard (it applies for all dynamic measurements),In this case, the measured value of the dynamic
modulus measurement must be considered as informative, while the conditions of the measurement are met limitedly,
In this case, the inspected layer cannot be compacted with compacting roller either, the layer must be dried or
ventilated!
7.3.1.2 Msurarea simplificat a compactriiSimplified compactness measurement
n funcie de compactarea mecanic a stratului, dar n majoritatea cazurilor, stratul msurat se
compacteaz deja naintea efecturii celor 18 impacte, deci numrul impactelor poate fi mai mic.
Depending on the mechanical compacting of the layer, but typically in most cases, the
measured layer compresses before the 18 drops, i,e, the number of drops could be decreased,
Aceasta deoarece numrul de 18 impacte a fost determinat considernd un strat foarte afnat,
necompactat.The reason is that the number of the necessary drops is determined for loose,
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28
non-compacted layers, Dac examinm panta la captul diagramei cu programul de calcul
iar aceasta este mai mic de If we check the slope of the end of the compaction curve during
the measurement with the software and it is smaller than 5 %, atunci amplitudinea
urmtoarelor tasri se poate extrapola din diagram. then the other remaining depression
amplitudes can be calculated beside this slope. Prin aceasta se obine un grad de compactare
care difer de cel msurat real cu doar cteva zecimale, deci n marja de eroare admisThis
gives a relative compactness rate, which is worse then the really measured compaction curve
with maximum some decimal figures, i.e. this method can be applied safely.

NOTE n cursul compactrii de prob sau msurtorilor comparative, seria msurtorilor paralele trebuie executat
complet.During trial compacting or comparative, parallel measurements the complete measurement sequence must
be applied.
8 Buletinul de ncercriTest report
Buletinul de ncercri trebuie s includ numrul prezentei reglementri, datele de identificare a
laboratorului care a efectuat ncercrile, autorizarea de a efectua ncercri, precum i
urmtoareleThe test report must include the number of the present regulation, the ID data of the
inspecting laboratory ID, measurement right, and the followings:
- tipul i seria deflectometrului cu mas cztoare utilizatype and serial number of the light
falling weight deflectometer
- identificarea locului msurrii, data, numrul de ordine al msurtoriimeasurement place
and ID data, date, number of the measurement
- denumirea structurii, stratului, umpluturii examinatename of inspected structure,
earthwork, soil-layer
- referiri la alte documente aferente ences of the connecting documents (ncercare
Proctor-test, msurarea coninutului de apwater-content tests)
- rezultate pariale ale msurtorilorpartial measurement results (modul dyinamic modulus,
grad de compactareness rate)
- rezultate standard results (modul dinamic standardstandard dynamic modulus, grad de
compactare standard compactness rate)
- exactitatea i precizia msurtorilor, referire la gradul de incertitudineaccuracy and
reliability of the inspection, reference to the ambiguity of the measurement
- condiii meteorologice i alte circumstane care pot influena rezultatelepossible weather
and other conditions, circumstances affecting the result
- numele i semntura persoanelor care au executat msurtorileame and signature of the
personnel making the inspection
- numele i semntura persoanei responsabile pentru coninutul buletinului de ncercri,
dataame and signature of the person in charge for the technical content of the test
report, date

NOTE Este util s se indice orice alte date considerate utile n legtur cu funcionarea laboratorului It is expedient
to indicate any other data in connection with the run of the laboratory considered necessary (numr projiect number,
code of personnel, numr paginipage number, emblema societii, adresa, telefon, fax, e-mailcompany logo, address,
contact info, telephone, fax, e-mail) as further informative data. Buletinul de analiz trebuie s menioneze c
rezultatele ncercrilor se refer numai la eantionul supus ncercrii; datele detailate ale msurtorilor sunt incluse n
foile de ncercare, la care beneficierul poate avea oricnd acces. Buletinul de ncercri poate fi copiat numai n
ntregime, cu acordul scris al laboratorului de ncercri. Buletinul de ncercri nu poate conine indicaii, comentarii
privind calitatea ori propuneri deduse din rezultatele ncercrilorThe test report must include that the measurement
results are valid only for the inspected samples; the partial measurement data are included in the measurement
sheets, which are available for the Client any time. The test report can be copied only in complete volume with the
written approval of the inspecting laboratory. The test report cannot include any advice, reference for quality or
proposal deducted from the measurement result!

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29
ANNEXA A
(normative)

Calibrarea deflectometrului cu mas cztoare uoartion of the light falling
weight deflectometer

A.1 Calibrarea din fabricFactory calibration

Dispozitivul vndut trebuie s fie calibrat din fabric; nlimea de cdere trebuie s fie cea
corespunztoare greutii i constantei arcului. The gauge sold by the manufacturer must be
calibrated at least in the factory; the drop height must be equal to the value calculated on the
basis of the mass of the falling weight and the spring constant. Parametrii de reglare i valorile
caracteristice dispozitivului de msurare, cu toleranele aferente, trebuie specificate n
documentele nsoitoare.The setup parameters and the control values typifying the measuring
unit and the relating tolerances must be stated in writing by the manufacturer.

A.2 Procedura de calibrareCalibration procedure

Dispozitivul de msurare a compactrii dinamice i portanei dinamice trebuie calibrat de ctre
un laborator autorizat dup fiecare 10 000 de msurri sau la intervale de doi ani. The dynamic
compactness and dynamic bearing capacity measuring gauge must be calibrated by a
competent calibrating laboratory after it reaches the 10 000 measurements, but at least in every
second year. nBefore ainte de calibrare, dispozitivul trebuie revizuit ntr-un atelier agreat de
ctre productor, trebuie executate reparaiile necesare, nlocuite componentele uzate (de ex.
inelul de alunecare din teflon sau elementul elastic din cauciuc sinteticcalibration the gauge
must be supervised in a professional workshop appointed by the manufacturer, the necessary
repairs must be executed and/or the components appointed by the manufacturer must be
replaced (for example: the Teflon slip ring or the synthetic rubber spring element). Dac
elementul elastic nu poate fi nlocuit, acesta trebuie recalibrat separat de ctre laboratorul de
calibrareIf the spring element cannot be replaced, then it must be calibrated also with a
procedure determined by the calibrating laboratory.

Este avantajos s se foloseasc elemente elastice din metal, mult mai durabile. Dac elementul
elastic este confecionat din material sintetic, cauciuc ori trebuie nlocuit cu ocazia calibrrii
conform instruciunilor productorului, atunci ntr-un laborator specializat trebuie atestate
urmtoareleIt is advantageous to apply long-life metal plate spring. If the spring element is made
of plastic, rubber or it must be replaced during calibration according to the manufacturers
instruction, then the followings must be verified with a measurement executed in a special
laboratory and/or an expertise: n intervalul de temperaturi 0 40 C este independent de
temperatur cu o toleran de during the replacement period between 0 40 C it is
independent from temperature within 5 % tolerance; mbtrnirea acceptat a rezistenei arcului
the accepted aging of K (N/m) respectiv variaia rigiditii este sub spring resistance is smaller
then 5% per anyear; and the change of its rigidity.

Abaterea admis urmare a modificrii temperaturii trebuie verificat printr-o ncrcare de cel
puin The accepted different owing to the change of the temperature must be verified with a
loading of at least 500 mm/min la noile elemente de arc, cel puin cu on the new spring
elements, at least up to 10 kN cu toleran de within 5 % tolerance; iar la sfritul perioadei de
folosin este permis o abatere de nc and at the end of the time period prescribed for the
replacement of the spring element further 5 % pentru elementul nlocuittolerance can be
permitted on the measured spring element.

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Dac If the deflectometerul trebuie reparat sau oricare dintre componentele lui trebuie nlocuit,
deflectometrul trebuie calibrat din nou. gauge must be repaired or any of its components must
be replaced, then the deflectometer must be calibrated again.

n timpul procesului de calibrare, valorile msurate i indicate de deflectometru trebuie
controlate printr-un sistem de msurare independent de deflectometru. Datele de calibrare
trebuie s includ cel puin nlimea de cdere fixat i valoarea masei cztoare.During the
calibration procedure the values measured and indicated by the deflectometer must be checked
by a measuring system being independent from the deflectometer. The calibration data are at
least the set-up drop height, and the mass of the falling weight. procedura de calibrare trebuie
s se extind cel puin asupra urmtoarelor: The calibration procedure must include at least the
followings: sarcina dinamic msurat sub bila de centrare a elementului elastic, durata
ncrcrii, cursa n timpul ncrcrii i precizia acestora.dynamic load measured under the
centring ball of the spring element, loading time, travel during the loading time, and their
accuracy. calibrarea trebuie s fie efectuat ntr-un laborator acreditat, care presupune
elaborarea i aprobarea unor proceduri de calibrare corepunztoare. Calibrarea trebuie
efectuat n baza datelor iniiale furnizate de productor, iar la nevoie corectarea se face prin
modificarea nlimii de cdere.The calibration must be executed in an accredited laboratory,
which requires the development and approval of a suitable calibration procedure. The calibration
must be executed on the basis of the input data provided by the manufacturer and if necessary it
must be corrected by modifying the drop height.

Calibrarea trebuie s includ o msurare a forei independent de dispozitiv, precum i o
msurare independent a deformrii. The calibration must include a force measuring being
independent from the gauge and an independent deformation measuring. Dispozitivul
independent de msurare a forei trebuie s fie capabil s msoarea maximul forei i evoluia
acesteia pe durata a 18 ms. The independent calibration force measuring unit must be suitable
for the measurement of the force running down during 18 ms and its maximum. Dispozitivul
independent de calibrare a deformrii trebuie s poat msura deformarea provocat de o
sarcin care acioneaz timp de 18 ms n trei puncte situate n trei segmente (adic la 120The
independent calibration deformation measuring unit must be suitable for the measurement of the
deformation originating from a loading of 18 ms at measuring points placed in at least three
segments (i.e. placed per 120) n domeniul descris mai jos as detailed below, within the
suitable range n care scop trebuie realizat contact permanent ntre discul de msurare i
senzorul de deformare din partea opus (dedesubt).for which the continuous contact must be
provided between the measuring plate and the deformation measuring on the opposite side
(from under) to the loading.

Se va emite un buletin de calibrareA calibration report must be issued. Acesta trebuie s conin
datele de identificare a deflectometrului, rezultatele detailate ale calibrrii, informaii despre
productor i despre starea deflectometrului (uzur, deteriorri, cdere liber), precum iThe
report must include the deflectometers ID data, the detailed calibration results and at least the
manufacturers data and the condition of the deflectometer (wearing, damage, free drop) and:
- media forei de ncrcare dinamic i despersia acesteiathe average of the measured
dynamic loading force and its dispersion (A

F)
- media i dispersia timpilor de ncrcarethe average of the measured loading time and its
dispersion (AT)
- media i dispersia diferenelor deformrilor individuale the average of the individual
differences of deformation and its dispersion (Ass)

Conformitatea amplitudinilor depresiunii trebuie verificat n cel puin aceste trei domeniiThe
conformity of the depression amplitudes must be checked at least in the three following range:
- 0,02 0,60 mm
- 0,60 1,00 mm
- 1,00 1,50 mm
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Fiecare domeniu trebuie reprezentat prin cel puin 12 msurtori, media i dispersia
valorilor i trebuie menionat abaterea fa de dispozitivul de msurare independent. The
individual ranges must be typified with at least 12 measurements, average and dispersion and
the difference measured fro the independent measuring unit must be determined also.

Calibrarea sarciniiThe calibration of the loading nsemn comparaia cu media a valorilor citite
de pe dispozitiv. means a comparison with the average of the values read off from the gauge.
Diferena sarcinii dinamice acceptat de la media celor 12 msurri este cum urmeazThe
accepted difference from the average of the dynamic loading force measured with 12 sequences
is the following:
- de ex. media sarcinii dinamice este de the average of the dynamic loading force is 7070
N 2%, i.e. betweenntre 6928 7212 N, cu precizie de o zecimal with an accuracy of
one decimal figure
- n acelai timp, sarcina dinamic trebuie s fie ntre at the same time, the under-plate
dynamic loading must be between 0,345 0,350 MPa n urma lucrului de
compactareowing to the compaction work. Sarcina necesar pentru acesta este de circa
The loading force needed for this is approx. 7200 N, cu respectarea i a condiiei de mai
suswhich must meet the previous condition also. Sarcina sub disc nu trebuie calibrat
separat, este suficient verificarea sarcinii fixate din fabricThe under-plate loading
neednt to be calibrated separately, it is enough to check the factory adjustment of the
loading force
- media duratei sarcinii este ntre the average of the loading time is between 16 20 ms
cu o precizie de o zecimalwith an accuracy of one decimal figure

Calibrarea msurrii deformrii The calibration of the deformation measurement nseamn o
comparare cu media valorilor citite pe dispozitiv. means a comparison with the average of the
values read off from the gauge. Abaterea de la medie acceptat n cazul ncrcrii dinamice din
timpul celor 12 serii esteThe accepted difference from the average of the dynamic loading force
measured with 12 sequences is the following:
- maximum 0,08 mm n domeniulin the 0,02 0,60 mm range
- maximum 0,10 mm n domeniul in the 0,61 1,00 mm range
- maximum 0,15 mm n domeniul in the 1,01 1,50 mm range

Dup calibrare, dispozitul de realizare a ncrcrii i blocul electric demsurare formeaz un
ntreg armonizatAfter the calibration the mechanical loading deflectometer and the electrical
deflectometer form a harmonized unit. Datele de calibrareThe calibration data (nlimea de
cdere fixat, masa, data efecturii calibrriiset-up drop height, mass, calibration date) trebuie
indicate n mod vizibil pe deflectometrumust be indicated in the deflectometer in a prominent
position. Pentru calculul incertitudinii msurtorilor, dispersia se calculeaz cu formula For the
calculation of the measuring ambiguity the dispersion must be calculated from the
2 2
s F
+ = formula, undewhere s este dispersia n domeniul deformrilor ntre means the
dispersion of the deformation range of 1 1,5 mm. (Dispersia duratei este cuprins n
msurarea deformaiilor, nu este necesar s se in cont de aceasta n mod separatThe
dispersion of time is included in the measurement of deformation, it is neednt to be considered
separately).

A.3 AutocontrolOwn control

A.3.1 Generaliti
Autocontroul trebuie efectuat de ctre utilizator n conformitate cu propriul sistem de asigurare a
calitii, pentru a verifica starea operaional a dispozitivuluiThe own control must be executed
by the user is in accordance with his/her own quality assurance system to check the operability
of the gauge.

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A.3.2 Controlul
The dDeflectometerul trebuie asamblat n modul descris la paragraful must be assembled as
introduced in 6.4.1. i comutat n mod calibrare, funcia de autocontrol. and switched into
calibration mode, own control function. Trebuie verificate valorile fixate. Se compar indicaia
accererometrului cu valorile individuale i toleranele date de productor. Check the default set-
up values. Match the indication of the acceleration gauge with the individual values and
tolerances stated by the manufacturer.

Valoare de controlControl value (de bazdefault): K1 = valoare dat de productor cu tolerana
dat ue stated by the manufacturer, with given tolerance. ntorcnd discul cu baza n sus,
valoarea indicat este After turning the loading disc around its horizontal axle with 180(turn up)
the indication of the control value in reversed position: K2 withcu tolerana tolerance. Dac
nu este aa, deflectometrul nu este operaionalIf it is not met, the deflectometer is not operable.

Factor de Ccalibration factore: Numr ajustat n urma calibrrii, dat de productor n manualul
de utilizare, care trebuie menionat i n buletinul de calibrare. number adjusted during
calibration, which the manufacturer determines in the operation instructions, and it must be
stated in the calibration report also. Dac valoarea acestuia difer sau variaia depete
tolerana prescris, dispozitivul trebuie calibrat din nou.If its value is different or its change
exceeds the given tolerance value, then the gauge must be calibrated again.

A.3.3 Msurtori Iindividuale pentru calibrare measurement for calibration
The dDeflectometerul trebuie s poat executa msurri individuale cu scop de calibrare sau
autorizare. Acest meniu nu poate fi accesibil dac dispozitivul este se afl n modul de
msurare. Dup cderea masei, trebuie s fie afiat valoarea individual. must be able to
execute individual measurement also for calibration or qualification. This menu cannot differ
from the measuring mode. After the drop of the falling weight the individual measurement values
data must be indicated.

A.3.4 Certitudinea i precizia metodei de msurareReliability and accuracy of the measuring
method
Pentru a determina certitudinea i precizia, trebuie specificate urmtoarele conform standardului
To determine the reliability and the accuracy the followings must be stated according to EN
5725-2 standard: dispersia reproductibilitiireproducibility dispersion s
r
, dispersia
repetabilitiirepeatability dispersion s
R
, ori n cazul unui numr mare de eantioane certitudinea
trebuie calculat prin metode statistice. values or in case of large number of samples the
measurement reliability must be calculated by statistical methods. Precizia msurtorilor trebuie
verificat dup fiecare calibrare i trebuie menionat n buletinul de ncercri. The accuracy of
the measurement must be checked after every calibration and it must be stated in the suitable
reference point of the test reports.

A.3.5 Reproductibilitate i ibility and repeatabilityate, tolerana rezultatelor
msurtorilormeasurement result tolerance
Deflactometrul cu mas cztoare uoar este corspunztor pentru efectuarea de msurtori
conform prezentei, dac dup executarea a The light falling weight measuring deflectometer is
suitable for measurement according to the present regulation, if beside n 30 msurtori,
pentru amplitudini sunt valabile urmtoarelenumber of samples the amplitudes are the following:
deviaia reproductibilitiireproducibility deviation s
r
0,8
deviaia repetabilitiirepeatability deviation s
R
1,2

Tolerana rezultatelor, eroarea de msurare calculatResult tolerance, the calculated
measurement error
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Eroarea de msurare i tolerana trebuie determinate din deviaia rezultatelor msurtorilor,
pentru fiecare laborator i deflectometru. Mrimea acestora trebuie menionat n buletinul de
ncercri.The measurement result error and tolerance must be determined from the deviation of
the measured results per laboratory and per deflectometer. Its degree must be indicated in the
test report.

n cazul preciziei msurrii tasrii de If the accuracy of the measurement of the depression
amplitudes is 0,01 mm i a sarcinii dinamice de and the accuracy of the measurement of the
dynamic loading force is 5 %, eroarea de msurare a modulului dinamic msurat E
d
the este de
measurement error is the 5,2 % i de 2,0 T
rd
% din gradul de compactare msuratof the
measured E
d
dynamic modulus and is 2,0 T
rd
% of the measured T
rd
% dynamic compactness
rate. Eroarea gradului de compactare dinamic privind caracteristile determinate prin testul
Proctor este luat n considerare cu o eroare de msurare de The error of the dynamic
compactness rate regarding the properties determined during the Proctor-test in the present
tolerance range is considered as charged with the errors of measurement of maximum cel mult
0,15 g/cm
3
, de aceea n cazul variaiilor mai mari ale densitii precizia trebuie recalculat pe
un numr mai mare de eantioane.therefore in case of larger density variation the accuracy
must be calculated again from large sample.

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Annexa B
(informative)

Cerine Iinformative i exemple de calculrequirements and examples
for calculations

B.1 Cerine tehniceTechnical requirements

Cerine informative cu privire la construcia deflectometrului cu sarcin mecanicInformative
requirements of the design of the mechanical loading deflectometer:
massgreutatea masei cztoare of the falling weight (inclusiv mnerulding handle)
10,5 kg 0,5 kg
total greutatea total a tijei de ghidaremass of guide rod
(inclusiv arcul din elemente elastice, dispozitivul de blocare, mecanismul de declanare
i protecia mpotriva nclinriiding the spring consisting of spring elements,
transportation protection of the falling weight,
triggering structure and tilting protection) max. 5 0,5 kg
sarcina dyinamic loading 0,35 Mpa
durata sarciniiloading time 18
2ms

Datele constructive ale discului de ransmitere a sarciniiDesign requirements of the loading disc:
diameterul of the loading discului 163 2
mm
grosimea disculuithickness of the loading disc
min.20 mm
greutatea total a disculultotal mass of the loading disc complete masse
(inclusiv locaul accelerometrului i mnereleding measuring cell for the sensor and
handles) 15 1,0 kg

Datele tehnice ale accelerometruluiFixed technical data of acceleration gauge applied for
deformation measurement:
domeniul de msurare a acceleraieimeasurement range of in-built acceleration gauge
0 50 g

n cazul utilizrii unui alt aparat pentru msurarea acceleraiei i tasriiIn case of applying other
strain gauge and the acceleration gauge:
durata msurriimeasurement time 18
2ms
semnalul de msurare prelucratprocessed measurement signal
min. 25 signalemnales/18 ms
precizia citirii amplitudinii tasriireading accuracy of deformation
min. 0,01 mm
precizia cronometrului interiorquartz clock accuracy
maximum 1,5 s/zi per day
reading accuracy of deformation minimum 0,01 mm

B.2 Formule i expresii utilizate n calculeas and expression applied in the
calculations

Modulul capacitii portante dinamice trebuie calculat cu formula prezentat n paragraful The
dynamic bearing capacity modulus must be calculated from the formula stated in 7.2.
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Msurarea amplitudinii tasrii n cazul folosirii accelerometrului:Depression amplitude
measurement in case of applying acceleration gauge
2
2
1
at s =
undewhere: a = acceleraia msuratthe measured acceleration
t = durata acceleraiei msurat cu cronometrul unitii de colectare-prelucrare a
datelor cu precizie de the time measured by time measuring built-in in the
processor with 0,005 s accuracy

Compactarea relativ The T
rE
%, coeficientul de corecie cu umiditatea relative compactness, the
T
rw
i gradul de compactare dinamic moisture correction coefficient and the T
rd
% trebuie
calculate n modul prezentat la paragraful dynamic compactness rate must be calculated as
stated in 7.3.

B.3 Calcularea i utilizarea coeficientului de corecie n funcie de
umiditateation and application of the moisture correction coefficient

Primul rezultat al msurrii compactrii dinamice pe teren este compactarea relativ The first
result of the on-site dynamic compactness measurement is the relative compactness (T
rE
%)
care arat compactarea stratului respectiv fa de compactarea maxim posibil n condiiile
coninutului de ap actual. which shows what the compactness of the layer is like in comparison
with the highest possible compactness reachable at the actual water content. Coeficientul de
corecie n funcie de umiditate nu trebuie utilizat pentru determinarea compactrii relative. The
moisture correction coefficient is not needed for the relative compactness measurement. T
rE
%
este un nou parametru, important evaluarea eficienei diferitelor utilaje de compactare. It is a
new testing parameter which is in the evaluation of the efficiency of the compacting instruments
important.n cunotina acestuia se poate decide dac la coninutul de ap dat se mai poate
realiza o compactare mai avansat a stratului. If it is known, the decision can be made whether
further compaction can be executed on the layer, by the given moisture content. Deci,
compactarea relativ Accordingly, the T
rE
% este un calificativ pentru operaiunea de compactare
cu cilindrul.relative compactness typifies only the rolling work.

Pentru calcularea gradului de compactare dinamic For the calculation of the T
rd
% compactarea
relativ T
rE
%dynamic compactness rate trebuie corectat the measured T
rE
% relative
compactness must be corrected n funcie de diferena fa de optim a coninutului de ap de pe
teren. nding on that the site water-content in what degree differs from the optimal. Proporia
dintre densitatea uscat determinat prin proba Proctor fa de eantioane cu umiditate diferit,
i densitatea maxim uscat n volum se numete coeficientul de corecie cu umiditateaThe
rate, which is the quotient of the dry density determined by the Proctor-test in samples of
different water-content and the maximal dry bulk density, is called as moisture correction
coefficient:
dmax

di
rwi
T = atuncihere 00 , 1 <
rw
T exceptnd atla w
opt
, cndwhere 00 , 1 =
rw
T

Prin urmare, proba Accordingly, the Proctor este -test is necessary pentru ncercarea dinamic
a compactrii, pentru a calcula for the dynamic compactness inspection also, for the calculation
of thediagrama de corecie n funcie de umiditate, ori pentru calculul preliminar al tabelului (ca
parte a ncercrii de control)
i rwi
w T moisture correction curve or the preliminary calculation of
the table (expediently as the part of the control test). TheValoarea T
rwi
trebuie must be
determinedat dinainte pentru materialul dat cel puin pentru vecintatea de preliminary for the
given material at least for the 5 % a vicinity of w
opt
cu pai de un procent per one per centn
sus i n jos de valoarea coninutului de ap optim, upward and downward from the optimal
water-content also. Valorile precalculate ale The pre-calculated T
rwi
vpentru diferite amateriale

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36
sunt suficiente pentru a fi utilizate n msurarea compactrii dinamice, msurnd coninutul de
ap. lues per material are enough to apply it for the dynamic compactness measurement with
the measurement of the real water content. Deci, coeficientul de corecie Accordingly, the T
rw
n
funcie de umiditate caracterizeaz materialul din punctul de vedere al acceptabilitii
coninutului de ap i al compactriimoisture correction coefficient typifies the acceptability of
the water content of the material and its compactibility.

De exempluFor example: the calculationul of the T
rwi
din datele msurtorii de control n cazul
unui eantion de nisip ales,from the data of the control test, in case of a selected sand sample, if
dac
dmax
= 1,85 g/cm
3
andi w
opt
= 6,9 %, este dup cum urmeazis the following:

Ramura uscatDry branch
w
opt

Ramura umedWet branch
5% 4% 3% 2% 1% +1% +2% +3% +4% +5%
0,956 0,973 0,989 0,995 1,000 1,000 0,997 0,989 0,962 0,940 0,892

Tabelul de corecie The T
rw
se determin cu proba Proctor modificat a compactrii conform
moisture correction table must be determined with the modified Proctor compactibility
measurement according topunctului 7.4 ofal EN 13286-2, cu cinci valori diferite ale coninutului
de ap i cu cel puin 5 dar mai bine 6-8 puncte Proctor, cu pai with five different water
contents and at least 5, but possibly rather with 6-8 Proctor points, with w ai coninutului de
ap uniform distribuii pn la linia de saturaie water-content-stages distributed uniformly up to
the S = 0,9 saturation line. Diagrama The Proctor trebuie determinat printr-o curb de
aproximare de gredul doi, prin verificarea apropierii regresiei i nu prin simpla legare a
punctelor. -curve must be determined with a second-degree approximation curve, by the check
of the closeness of the regression and not by simply connecting the points. Din ecuaia curbei
astfel obinute trebuie determinate valorile From the equation of the got curve the
di
pentru paii
values must be determined per w = 1 % i coeficientul de corecie de umiditate trebuie cuprins
n tabel n raport cu stage and the moisture correction coefficient value must be displayed in
tabular form compared to
dmax
.

NOTE Determinarea matematic a parametrilor de gradul doi ai diagramei Proctor poate fi mbuntit
prin ntroducerea a cteva puncte de densitate mai mic dect cea msurat, pe linia de saturare The mathematical
determination of the second-degree parameters of the Proctor-curve can be improved by referring subsidiary points of
a smaller density rate than the measured densities, being drawn on the saturation line S = 0,9 that are.

Cteva implicaii teoretice Sale msurrii compactrii dinamice sunt utilizabile n realizarea
acestor estmri preliminareeveral theoretical implications of the dynamic compactness
measurement are suitable for such pre-estimation, cu privire la comportamentul stratului care
urmeaz s fie compactat cu mijloace mecanicewhich cannot be executed with other method,
and which typifies the expected behaviour of the layer to be compacted during the mechanical
compacting. Astfel de caracteristici suntSuch are the following: gradul maxim de compactare
care poate fi atins la coninutul de ap dat, msurarea eficienei compactrii ori selectarea i
preestimarea metodei de compactare utilizate.highest compactness rate, which can be reached
beside given water-content, the measurement of the efficiency of the compacting work, or the
selection and pre-estimation of the compacting method.

- La compactarea relativ msurat de At relative compactness measured as T
rE
% = 100
% valorilethe T
rw
values exactly reprezint exact valorile compactrii dinamicesent the
dynamic compactness rate/100 values, adic la o compactare maxim i.e. with the
maximal T
rE
= 100 % la un coninut de ap compacting beside w
opt
+ 5 % site water
content conform acestuie exempluin the present example se poate atige un grad de
compactare T
rd
de maximum 100 x 0,892 = 89,2 % compactness rate (T
rd
) can be
reached.

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37
- Dac, de exemplu, la un coninut de ap pe teren de If at w
opt
5% site water content,
compactarea relativ msurat nu este de the measured relative compactness for
example was not % 100 =
rE
T , ci de exemplubut for example: % 2 , 96 =
rE
T , atunci gradul
de compactare dinamic va fi then the dynamic compactness rate will be T
rd
= 0,956 x
96,2 = 92,0%.

- Compactarea mecanic este mult mai dificil deasupra coninutului de ap optim n
ramura umed, lucru exprimat bine de valoarea The mechanical compacting is
considerably harder above the optimal water-content in the wet branch, which the T
rw
i
care poate fi calculat dinainte- values represent well and they can be calculated
preliminary.

- n ramura umed, o alt problem poate fi coninutul de aer necesar pentru compactare,
ceea ce se poate evidenia din proporia dintre coninutul de aer i coninutul optim de
aer, i saturaia In the wet branch another problem can be the air-content needed for the
compacting, which can be shown from the rate of the air-content / optimal air-content
and the < 1% saturation, care poate fi calculat din ncercarea de control dac valoarea
which can be calculated from the control test, if the
s
ieste cunoscut known.

- nainte de efectuarea msurtorilor dinamice trebuie controlat, ce saturaie reprezint
coninutul de ap real de pe teren.It must be checked before all dynamic measurements
that the measured site water-content what saturation represents on the basis of the
control test. Peste o valoare Above S > 0,95, msurrile dinamice nu dau rezultate reale
datorit incompresibilitii apei pe durata aplicrii sarcinii, deci rezult o compresie mai
mic dect proprietile reale ale stratului. De aceea, peste o saturaie no dynamic
measurement gives realistic result, while it is unrealistic owing to the incompressibility of
the water (during the loading time), i.e. it measures smaller compression than the real
compression. Therefore above S > 0,95 nu se iau n considerarea rezultatele
msurtorilor dinamice.saturation no dynamic measurement result is acceptable.

- Gradul de compactare relativ care trebuie realizat pe timpul lucrrilor de construcii
poate fi calculat din valoarea limit prevzut pentru gradul de compactare. The relative
compactness rate to be necessarily reached during construction can be calculated from
the limit value prescribed for the compactness rate. n asemenea cazuri este suficient s
se ncerce atingerea acestei valori prin compactare mecanicIn such cases, it is enough
to try to reach this value with the mechanical compacting. Dac, de exemplu, am
msurat un coninut de ap If for example: we measured w
opt
3% iar valoarea
acceptabil a gradului de compactare este site water-content and the qualifying
requirement is % 0 , 95 =
rd r
T T

compactness rate, atunci pentru a-l atinge pe acesta
(n condiiile exemplului datthen to meet it (calculated from the above example), trebuie
atins valoarea the % 1 , 96
989 , 0
0 , 95
= =
rE
rw
rd
T
T
T
value must be met. Dac acesta se
asigur n timpul lucrrilor printr-o compactare cu cilindrul compactor, atunci testele de
conformitate vor fi satisfcuteIf during the construction it is ensured with rolling, then the
qualifying compactness tests will be acceptable also!

- Se poate preestima eficiena ateptat a operaiunilor de compactare, dac se cunoate
coeficientul de corecie de umiditate The expected efficiency of the compacting work can
be pre-estimated, if the T
rw
moisture correction coefficient is known. Dac pe teren
coninutul de ap If the site water-content (w
t
) n exemplul de mai susapplying the
above example ieste w
opt
+ 4%, atuncithen beside la T
rE
= 100% (deci compactarea
mecanic duce la compactarea relativ maximi.e. the mechanical compacting gives the
maximal relative compactness) se poate atinge un grad de compactare maxim de
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38
doarwe can reach maximum 100 x .0,940 = 94,0 % = T
rd
compactness rate only, deci n
nici un caz nu poate fi atins valoarea de i.e. 95% in no case can be reached! n
asemenea cazuri, pentru a atinge valoarea prescris a compactrii de In such cases to
reach the prescribed 95 %, trebuie ales un alt material ori coninutul de ap trebuie
redus. compactness a new material type must be selected, or the water-content must be
decreased. Prin urmare, tehnologia potrivit de punere n oper poate fi aleas deja n
urma ncercrilor.Accordingly, the in-building technology must be selected on the basis
of the control test already.

Utilizarea metodei de msurare a compactrii dinamice i a coeficientului de corecie cu
umiditatea ajut la alegerea soluiei tehnice potrivite pentru compactare n cadrul lucrrilor de
construciiThe application of the dynamic compactness measuring method and the moisture
correction coefficient help the correct selection of the compacting method during construction;,
iar conformitatea materialului poate fi evaluat din ncercrile de laborator, astfel reprezint un
instrument eficient al controlului calitii and the applicability of the material can be evaluated
already during the preliminary laboratory control test, therefore it is the efficient instrument for
the quality control. pentru aceasta, pe lng proba Proctor obligatorie este nevoie doar de
cunoaterea coninutului de ap a materialului transportat pe antier. For this beside the
laboratory Proctor-test (which is necessary on every account) only the delivery water-content of
the site material must be known. Din acestea, diagrama coeficientului de corecie n funcie de
coninutul de ap poate fi calculat dinainte ntr-u mod simplu. From this the curve of the
moisture correction coefficient can be calculated preliminary and simply.

Gradul de compactare dinamicThe dynamic compactness rate (T
rd
%) ieste echivalent cu
gradele de compactare determinate prin metode cu izotopi, astfel criteriile de conformitate
convenionale aferente trebuie considerate ca valori limit. equivalent with the compactness
rates determined with the isotopic measurements, so the relating conventional qualifying
requirements must be considered as limit value.

NOTE Metoda de msurare i fundamentele sale teoretice ajut n formarea i rspndirea unei alte viziuni a
executantului, deoarece scoate n eviden importana major a coninutului de ap a materialului granular utilizat i a
compactrii maxime care poate fi atins prin cilindru compactor, uor de verificat.The measuring method and its
theory help in forming and spreading a new contractor aspect, while it flashes the very importance of the moisture
content of the applied granular materials and the maximal compactibility, which can be reached by the work of rolling,
and which can be checked easily. Utilizarea deflectometrului pentru msurarea compactrii dinamice este
avantajoas prin dimensinile sale reduse i uurina deservirii. The applicability of the dynamic compactness
measuring deflectometer is helped by its small size and easy handling. Referitor la aspectele privind protecia
mediului i personalului, trebuie menionat c metoda nu utilizeaz surse radioactive. Owing to its environmental
protection and health aspects it must be highlighted that this method can be used without isotope source in an
environment-friendly way.

B.4 Calculeations

B.4.1 Calculeations

Pe lng prelucrarea datelor pe calculator, prezentm modul de calcul pentru determinarea
rezultatelor msurtorilor de capacitate portant i compactare dinamicBeside the proposed
PC processing hereby we introduce the procedure of a calculation for the determination of the
dynamic compactness- and bearing capacity measurement results. Datele de plecare pentru
calcule sunt prezentate n tabelul 2The downloaded data originating form the measurement are
the followings (see Table 2):
Seria dispozitivului de msurarel number of the gauge (Nr.Gauge
dispozitiv N
o
)
Numrul msurtoriiber of measurement (Nr.
Mesurtoareasurement N
o
)
Data msurtoriitime of measurement (Ddatea)
Identificarea utilizatoruluiD of measuring personnel (ID)
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39
Tipul msurtoriiype of measurement (B / BC / BCP)
Coeficientul Boussinesq al disculuiplate multiplier (Model)
coeficientul Papplied Poisson utilizat-coefficient ( )
Valoarea coeficientului de corecie cu umiditatea entered value of T
rw
moisture correction
coefficient applied at site
Sarcina dinamic aplicatdynamic loading force N
Raza disculuiradius of plate cm
s
01
s
53
amplitudinile tasrilor obinute prin msuraredepression amplitudes originating from
the measurement (x 100, in mm dimension)
v
01
v
53
vitezele tasrilor obinute prin msurarespeeds of plate depression originating from
the measurement (x 100, in mm/ms dimension)

B.4.2 Calculul modulului dinamication of the dynamic modulus

n baza datelor din tabelulOn the basis of the data of Table 2: = 0,3 (Poisson) andi c = /2
(Model), r = 81,5 mm (rRadiusza)
De aiciFrom this: ,
1a
d
s
C
E

= wherunde 2 , 40 = C iarand
( )
3
40 , 0 47 , 0 54 , 0
1
+ +
=
a
s , i.e.deci
5 , 85
47 , 0
2 , 40
= =
d
E MPa
La felThe same way: MPa 7 , 129
31 , 0
2 , 40
5
e
= =

=
a
nd d
s
C
E

, undewhere
31 , 0
3
29 , 0 31 , 0 34 , 0
5
=

+ +
=
a
s mm
Valuarea saturaiei aparinnd de The saturation value belonging to w
t
= 4,0% ieste S = 0,87 <
0,95, astfelo the saturaia nu limiteaz reprezentativitatea modulului dinamic msurat. tion does
not limit the representatively of the measured dynamic modulus.

STX
DispozitivGauge Nr = 4080408
Msurtoareeasure Nr = 140
2005. 01. 19 13:56:24
Utilizatoser ID = 1
Tyipe = BC
Model = 1,571
Poisson = 0,3
Trw = 0,998
Fdin = 7200
Razadius = 81,5
s01= 257 V01= 409
s02= 75 V02= 181
s03= 68 V03= 157
s11= 54 V11= 152
s12= 47 V12= 135
s13= 40 V13= 124
s21= 38 V21= 129
s22= 38 V22= 124
s23= 35 V23= 118
s31= 33 V31= 116
s32= 31 V32= 124
s33= 38 V33= 126
s41= 32 V41= 124
s42= 32 V42= 106
s43= 35 V43= 113
s51= 34 V51= 115

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40
s52= 31 V52= 123
s53= 29 V53= 119
ETX
Tabele 2 datele stocate de unitatea de colectare-prelucrare a datelor, care se transmit ctre
calculatordata stored from the measurement control unit, downloaded to the PC

B.4.3 Calculul coeficientului de corecie cu umiditateaation of the moisture correction
coefficient (T
rw
)

Coninutul de ap determinat prin dispozitivul The water-content measured at site with pre-
calibrated Trident T-90 precalibratgauge: w
t
= 4,0 m%
980 , 0
90 , 1
862 , 1
max
= =
d
d

calculated din diagrama from the Proctor curve, undewhere, the


d

ieste densitatea volumic la the bulk density belonging to w = 4,0 m%. Dac s-a trasat nainte
curba (tabelul) If the T
rw
-curve (table) is prepared previously, atunci putem citi simplu valoarea
then we simply can read off the T
rw
= 0,980 corespunztoare value belonging to % 0 , 4 = w , w
opt
=
9,0 m%.

B.4.4 Calculul gradului de compactare relativation of the relative compactness rate

Datele stocate reprezint valoarea amplitudinii tasrilor nmulit cu o sut. The stored data are
the hundred-fold values of the depression amplitudes. Amplitudinile tasrilor trebuie corectate
dup calcularea modulului dinamic pentru a putea calcula gradul de compactare dinamic, adic
rearanjate n forma The depression amplitudes must be corrected after the calculation of the
dynamic modulus for the calculation of the dynamic compactness rate, i.e. we reorder them in
1

ij ij
s s

form. nn acest exemplu, pn la mrimea In this example it is unchanged up to s
32
,
rmn neschimbate, apoi valoarea este and then its value is 31 ntrebetween
52 33
s s . Dup
aceea, diferenele tasrilor se exprim pe rnd prin formulaAfter then the depression differences
are calculated on after the other by the
1 +

ij ij
s s . formula:

Dup cum reiese din tabelul 2, seria de date ordonate este: As we can see on diagram 2 the
ordered data line will be 182, 7, 14, 7, 7, 2, 0, 3, 2, 2, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 2.

ntruct valoarea coeficientului linear While the al analizei regresiei lineare a relaiei linear
coefficient value of the linear regression analysis of the V
mm
- T
rg
% relation calculated din
modelul from the G
d
= constant al probei Proctormodel of the Proctor-test satisface condiia
generalcorresponds to the 0,365 0,25 general condition, putem calcula cu acestawe can
calculate with it. Utilizm valoarea We apply the T
rE
= 100 0,365D
m
pentru a avea un calcul
simplificatvalue to simplify the calculation.
Valoarea D
m
value ieste the sum oa datelor ponderate cu numrul impactelorf the data weighted
with the drops in the number of the drops:
D
m
=[1(182)+2(182+7)+3(182+7+14)+4(182+7+14+7)+5(182+7+14+7+7)+6(182+7+14+7+7+
2)+ +18(182+7+14+7+7+2+0+3+2+2+0+0+0+0+0+0+2)]/18000 =1,90 mm
De aici, compactarea relativ esteFrom this the relative compactness is:
% 1 , 93 90 , 1 65 , 3 100 100
0
= = =
m rE
D T i gradul calculat de compactare dinamicand
the calculated dynamic compactness rate ieste % 2 , 91 % 1 , 93 980 , 0 % = = =
rE rw rd
T T T ,
undewhen the T
rw
ieste the above mentioned 1,862/1,900 = 0,98 menionat mai sus.

Pentru un rezultat standard trebuie s obinem cel puin rezultate calculate n acest mod din
dou msurtoriFor a standard result at least we must average two measurement results
calculated in this way.

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42
Bibliografiephy

DIN 18134 Baugrund; Versuche und Versuchsgerte Plattendruckversuch
EN 13286-1:2003 Unbound and hydraulically bound mixtures Part 1: Test methods for
laboratory reference density and water content. Introduction, general
requirements and sampling
EN 13286-2 Unbound and hydraulically bound mixtures Part 2: Test methods for the
determination of the laboratory reference density and water content.
Proctor compaction
MSZ 2509-3 Bearing capacity test on pavement structures. Plate bearing test
EN 922-2 Test for geometrical properties of aggregates. Part 2: Determination of
particle size distribution. Test sieves, nominal size of apertures
EN 1097-5 Tests for mechanical and physical properties of aggregates. Part 5:
Determination of the water content by drying in a ventilated oven
EN 1097-6 Tests for mechanical and physical properties of aggregates. Part 6:
Determination of particle density and water absorption
ISO 5725-2: 1994 Accuracy (trueness and precision) of the measurement methods and
results Part 2: Basic method for the determination of repeatability and
reproducibility of a standard measurement method

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romn (Romnia)

14. oldal: [49] Formzott Laci 2010.03.13. 10:56:00
romn (Romnia)

14. oldal: [50] Formzott Laci 2010.03.13. 10:56:00
romn (Romnia)

14. oldal: [51] Formzott Laci 2010.03.13. 10:56:00
romn (Romnia)

14. oldal: [52] Formzott Laci 2010.03.13. 10:56:00
romn (Romnia)

23. oldal: [53] Formzott Laci 2010.03.14. 17:52:00
romn (Romnia)

23. oldal: [53] Formzott Laci 2010.03.14. 17:52:00
romn (Romnia)

23. oldal: [53] Formzott Laci 2010.03.14. 17:52:00
romn (Romnia)

23. oldal: [54] Formzott Laci 2010.03.14. 17:52:00
romn (Romnia)

23. oldal: [54] Formzott Laci 2010.03.14. 17:52:00
romn (Romnia)

23. oldal: [54] Formzott Laci 2010.03.14. 17:52:00
romn (Romnia)

23. oldal: [55] Formzott Laci 2010.03.14. 17:52:00
romn (Romnia)

23. oldal: [55] Formzott Laci 2010.03.14. 17:52:00
romn (Romnia)

23. oldal: [55] Formzott Laci 2010.03.14. 17:52:00
romn (Romnia)

23. oldal: [55] Formzott Laci 2010.03.14. 17:52:00
romn (Romnia)

23. oldal: [55] Formzott Laci 2010.03.14. 17:52:00
23. oldal: [55] Formzott Laci 2010.03.14. 17:52:00
romn (Romnia)

23. oldal: [55] Formzott Laci 2010.03.14. 17:52:00
romn (Romnia)

23. oldal: [56] Formzott Laci 2010.03.14. 17:52:00
romn (Romnia)

23. oldal: [56] Formzott Laci 2010.03.14. 17:52:00
romn (Romnia)

23. oldal: [56] Formzott Laci 2010.03.14. 17:52:00
romn (Romnia)

23. oldal: [56] Formzott Laci 2010.03.14. 17:52:00
romn (Romnia)

23. oldal: [56] Formzott Laci 2010.03.14. 17:52:00
romn (Romnia)

23. oldal: [56] Formzott Laci 2010.03.14. 17:52:00
romn (Romnia)

23. oldal: [56] Formzott Laci 2010.03.14. 17:52:00
romn (Romnia)

23. oldal: [57] Formzott Laci 2010.03.14. 17:52:00
romn (Romnia)

23. oldal: [57] Formzott Laci 2010.03.14. 17:52:00
romn (Romnia)

23. oldal: [5S] Formzott Laci 2010.03.14. 17:52:00
romn (Romnia)

23. oldal: [5S] Formzott Laci 2010.03.14. 17:52:00
romn (Romnia)

23. oldal: [5S] Formzott Laci 2010.03.14. 17:52:00
romn (Romnia)

23. oldal: [5S] Formzott Laci 2010.03.14. 17:52:00
romn (Romnia)

23. oldal: [5S] Formzott Laci 2010.03.14. 17:52:00
romn (Romnia)

23. oldal: [5S] Formzott Laci 2010.03.14. 17:52:00
romn (Romnia)

23. oldal: [5S] Formzott Laci 2010.03.14. 17:52:00
romn (Romnia)

23. oldal: [59] Formzott Laci 2010.03.14. 17:52:00
romn (Romnia)

23. oldal: [59] Formzott Laci 2010.03.14. 17:52:00
romn (Romnia)

23. oldal: [60] Formzott Laci 2010.03.15. 12:41:00
23. oldal: [60] Formzott Laci 2010.03.15. 12:41:00
Bettpus: Nem Dlt

23. oldal: [60] Formzott Laci 2010.03.15. 12:41:00
Bettpus: Nem Dlt

23. oldal: [60] Formzott Laci 2010.03.15. 12:41:00
Bettpus: Nem Dlt

23. oldal: [61] Formzott Laci 2010.03.14. 17:52:00
romn (Romnia)

23. oldal: [61] Formzott Laci 2010.03.14. 17:52:00
romn (Romnia)

23. oldal: [62] Formzott Laci 2010.03.14. 17:52:00
romn (Romnia)

23. oldal: [62] Formzott Laci 2010.03.14. 17:52:00
romn (Romnia)

23. oldal: [63] Formzott Laci 2010.03.14. 17:52:00
romn (Romnia)

23. oldal: [63] Formzott Laci 2010.03.14. 17:52:00
romn (Romnia)

23. oldal: [64] Formzott Laci 2010.03.14. 17:52:00
romn (Romnia)

23. oldal: [64] Formzott Laci 2010.03.14. 17:52:00
romn (Romnia)

23. oldal: [65] Formzott Laci 2010.03.14. 17:52:00
romn (Romnia)

23. oldal: [65] Formzott Laci 2010.03.14. 17:52:00
romn (Romnia)

23. oldal: [66] Formzott Laci 2010.03.14. 17:52:00
romn (Romnia)

23. oldal: [66] Formzott Laci 2010.03.14. 17:52:00
romn (Romnia)

24. oldal: [67] Formzott Laci 2010.03.14. 17:52:00
romn (Romnia)

24. oldal: [67] Formzott Laci 2010.03.14. 17:52:00
romn (Romnia)

24. oldal: [67] Formzott Laci 2010.03.14. 17:52:00
romn (Romnia)

24. oldal: [67] Formzott Laci 2010.03.14. 17:52:00
romn (Romnia)

24. oldal: [67] Formzott Laci 2010.03.14. 17:52:00
romn (Romnia)

24. oldal: [6S] Formzott Laci 2010.03.14. 17:52:00
24. oldal: [6S] Formzott Laci 2010.03.14. 17:52:00
romn (Romnia)

24. oldal: [6S] Formzott Laci 2010.03.14. 17:52:00
romn (Romnia)

24. oldal: [6S] Formzott Laci 2010.03.14. 17:52:00
romn (Romnia)

24. oldal: [6S] Formzott Laci 2010.03.14. 17:52:00
romn (Romnia)

24. oldal: [6S] Formzott Laci 2010.03.14. 17:52:00
romn (Romnia)

24. oldal: [6S] Formzott Laci 2010.03.14. 17:52:00
romn (Romnia)

24. oldal: [6S] Formzott Laci 2010.03.14. 17:52:00
romn (Romnia)

24. oldal: [6S] Formzott Laci 2010.03.14. 17:52:00
romn (Romnia)

24. oldal: [69] Formzott Laci 2010.03.14. 17:52:00
romn (Romnia)

24. oldal: [69] Formzott Laci 2010.03.14. 17:52:00
romn (Romnia)

24. oldal: [70] Formzott Laci 2010.03.14. 17:52:00
romn (Romnia)

24. oldal: [70] Formzott Laci 2010.03.14. 17:52:00
romn (Romnia)

24. oldal: [71] Formzott Laci 2010.03.14. 17:52:00
romn (Romnia)

24. oldal: [71] Formzott Laci 2010.03.14. 17:52:00
romn (Romnia)

24. oldal: [71] Formzott Laci 2010.03.14. 17:52:00
romn (Romnia)

24. oldal: [71] Formzott Laci 2010.03.14. 17:52:00
romn (Romnia)

24. oldal: [72] Formzott Laci 2010.03.14. 17:52:00
romn (Romnia)

24. oldal: [72] Formzott Laci 2010.03.14. 17:52:00
romn (Romnia)

24. oldal: [72] Formzott Laci 2010.03.14. 17:52:00
romn (Romnia)

24. oldal: [72] Formzott Laci 2010.03.14. 17:52:00
romn (Romnia)

24. oldal: [72] Formzott Laci 2010.03.14. 17:52:00
24. oldal: [72] Formzott Laci 2010.03.14. 17:52:00
romn (Romnia)

24. oldal: [72] Formzott Laci 2010.03.14. 17:52:00
romn (Romnia)

24. oldal: [73] Formzott Laci 2010.03.14. 17:52:00
romn (Romnia)

24. oldal: [73] Formzott Laci 2010.03.14. 17:52:00
romn (Romnia)

24. oldal: [73] Formzott Laci 2010.03.14. 17:52:00
romn (Romnia)

24. oldal: [73] Formzott Laci 2010.03.14. 17:52:00
romn (Romnia)

24. oldal: [73] Formzott Laci 2010.03.14. 17:52:00
romn (Romnia)

24. oldal: [73] Formzott Laci 2010.03.14. 17:52:00
romn (Romnia)

24. oldal: [73] Formzott Laci 2010.03.14. 17:52:00
romn (Romnia)

24. oldal: [73] Formzott Laci 2010.03.14. 17:52:00
romn (Romnia)

24. oldal: [74] Formzott Laci 2010.03.14. 17:52:00
romn (Romnia)

24. oldal: [74] Formzott Laci 2010.03.14. 17:52:00
romn (Romnia)

24. oldal: [74] Formzott Laci 2010.03.14. 17:52:00
romn (Romnia)

24. oldal: [74] Formzott Laci 2010.03.14. 17:52:00
romn (Romnia)

24. oldal: [74] Formzott Laci 2010.03.14. 17:52:00
romn (Romnia)

24. oldal: [74] Formzott Laci 2010.03.14. 17:52:00
romn (Romnia)

24. oldal: [74] Formzott Laci 2010.03.14. 17:52:00
romn (Romnia)

24. oldal: [75] Formzott Laci 2010.03.14. 17:52:00
romn (Romnia)

24. oldal: [75] Formzott Laci 2010.03.14. 17:52:00
romn (Romnia)

24. oldal: [75] Formzott Laci 2010.03.14. 17:52:00
romn (Romnia)

24. oldal: [75] Formzott Laci 2010.03.14. 17:52:00
24. oldal: [75] Formzott Laci 2010.03.14. 17:52:00
romn (Romnia)

24. oldal: [76] Formzott Laci 2010.03.14. 17:52:00
romn (Romnia)

24. oldal: [76] Formzott Laci 2010.03.14. 17:52:00
romn (Romnia)

24. oldal: [76] Formzott Laci 2010.03.14. 17:52:00
romn (Romnia)

24. oldal: [76] Formzott Laci 2010.03.14. 17:52:00
romn (Romnia)

24. oldal: [76] Formzott Laci 2010.03.14. 17:52:00
romn (Romnia)

24. oldal: [76] Formzott Laci 2010.03.14. 17:52:00
romn (Romnia)

24. oldal: [76] Formzott Laci 2010.03.14. 17:52:00
romn (Romnia)

24. oldal: [77] Formzott Laci 2010.03.14. 17:52:00
romn (Romnia)

24. oldal: [77] Formzott Laci 2010.03.14. 17:52:00
romn (Romnia)

24. oldal: [77] Formzott Laci 2010.03.14. 17:52:00
romn (Romnia)

24. oldal: [77] Formzott Laci 2010.03.14. 17:52:00
romn (Romnia)

24. oldal: [77] Formzott Laci 2010.03.14. 17:52:00
romn (Romnia)

24. oldal: [77] Formzott Laci 2010.03.14. 17:52:00
romn (Romnia)

26. oldal: [7S] Formzott Laci 2010.03.14. 17:52:00
romn (Romnia)

26. oldal: [7S] Formzott Laci 2010.03.14. 17:52:00
romn (Romnia)

26. oldal: [7S] Formzott Laci 2010.03.14. 17:52:00
romn (Romnia)

26. oldal: [7S] Formzott Laci 2010.03.14. 17:52:00
romn (Romnia)

26. oldal: [7S] Formzott Laci 2010.03.14. 17:52:00
romn (Romnia)

26. oldal: [7S] Formzott Laci 2010.03.14. 17:52:00
romn (Romnia)

26. oldal: [7S] Formzott Laci 2010.03.14. 17:52:00
26. oldal: [7S] Formzott Laci 2010.03.14. 17:52:00
romn (Romnia)

26. oldal: [79] Formzott Laci 2010.03.14. 17:52:00
romn (Romnia)

26. oldal: [79] Formzott Laci 2010.03.14. 17:52:00
romn (Romnia)

26. oldal: [79] Formzott Laci 2010.03.14. 17:52:00
romn (Romnia)

26. oldal: [79] Formzott Laci 2010.03.14. 17:52:00
romn (Romnia)

26. oldal: [S0] Formzott Laci 2010.03.14. 17:52:00
romn (Romnia)

26. oldal: [S0] Formzott Laci 2010.03.14. 17:52:00
romn (Romnia)

26. oldal: [S0] Formzott Laci 2010.03.14. 17:52:00
romn (Romnia)

26. oldal: [S0] Formzott Laci 2010.03.14. 17:52:00
romn (Romnia)

26. oldal: [S0] Formzott Laci 2010.03.14. 17:52:00
romn (Romnia)

26. oldal: [S0] Formzott Laci 2010.03.14. 17:52:00
romn (Romnia)

26. oldal: [S0] Formzott Laci 2010.03.14. 17:52:00
romn (Romnia)

26. oldal: [S0] Formzott Laci 2010.03.14. 17:52:00
romn (Romnia)

26. oldal: [S0] Formzott Laci 2010.03.14. 17:52:00
romn (Romnia)

26. oldal: [S0] Formzott Laci 2010.03.14. 17:52:00
romn (Romnia)

26. oldal: [S0] Formzott Laci 2010.03.14. 17:52:00
romn (Romnia)

26. oldal: [S1] Formzott Laci 2010.03.14. 17:52:00
romn (Romnia)

26. oldal: [S1] Formzott Laci 2010.03.14. 17:52:00
romn (Romnia)

26. oldal: [S1] Formzott Laci 2010.03.14. 17:52:00
romn (Romnia)

26. oldal: [S1] Formzott Laci 2010.03.14. 17:52:00
romn (Romnia)

26. oldal: [S1] Formzott Laci 2010.03.14. 17:52:00
26. oldal: [S1] Formzott Laci 2010.03.14. 17:52:00
romn (Romnia)

26. oldal: [S1] Formzott Laci 2010.03.14. 17:52:00
romn (Romnia)

26. oldal: [S1] Formzott Laci 2010.03.14. 17:52:00
romn (Romnia)

26. oldal: [S1] Formzott Laci 2010.03.14. 17:52:00
romn (Romnia)

26. oldal: [S1] Formzott Laci 2010.03.14. 17:52:00
romn (Romnia)

26. oldal: [S2] Formzott Laci 2010.03.14. 17:52:00
romn (Romnia)

26. oldal: [S2] Formzott Laci 2010.03.14. 17:52:00
romn (Romnia)

26. oldal: [S3] Formzott Laci 2010.03.14. 17:52:00
romn (Romnia)

26. oldal: [S3] Formzott Laci 2010.03.14. 17:52:00
romn (Romnia)

26. oldal: [S3] Formzott Laci 2010.03.14. 17:52:00
romn (Romnia)

26. oldal: [S3] Formzott Laci 2010.03.14. 17:52:00
romn (Romnia)

26. oldal: [S3] Formzott Laci 2010.03.14. 17:52:00
romn (Romnia)

26. oldal: [S3] Formzott Laci 2010.03.14. 17:52:00
romn (Romnia)

26. oldal: [S3] Formzott Laci 2010.03.14. 17:52:00
romn (Romnia)

26. oldal: [S3] Formzott Laci 2010.03.14. 17:52:00
romn (Romnia)

26. oldal: [S3] Formzott Laci 2010.03.14. 17:52:00
romn (Romnia)

26. oldal: [S3] Formzott Laci 2010.03.14. 17:52:00
romn (Romnia)

26. oldal: [S3] Formzott Laci 2010.03.14. 17:52:00
romn (Romnia)

26. oldal: [S3] Formzott Laci 2010.03.14. 17:52:00
romn (Romnia)

26. oldal: [S3] Formzott Laci 2010.03.14. 17:52:00
romn (Romnia)

26. oldal: [S3] Formzott Laci 2010.03.14. 17:52:00
26. oldal: [S3] Formzott Laci 2010.03.14. 17:52:00
romn (Romnia)

26. oldal: [S3] Formzott Laci 2010.03.14. 17:52:00
romn (Romnia)

26. oldal: [S3] Formzott Laci 2010.03.14. 17:52:00
romn (Romnia)

26. oldal: [S3] Formzott Laci 2010.03.14. 17:52:00
romn (Romnia)

26. oldal: [S4] Formzott Laci 2010.03.14. 17:52:00
romn (Romnia)

26. oldal: [S4] Formzott Laci 2010.03.14. 17:52:00
romn (Romnia)

35. oldal: [S5] Formzott Laci 2010.03.16. 16:35:00
romn (Romnia)

35. oldal: [S5] Formzott Laci 2010.03.16. 16:35:00
romn (Romnia)

35. oldal: [S5] Formzott Laci 2010.03.16. 16:35:00
romn (Romnia)

35. oldal: [S6] Formzott Laci 2010.03.16. 16:35:00
romn (Romnia)

35. oldal: [S6] Formzott Laci 2010.03.16. 16:35:00
romn (Romnia)

35. oldal: [S6] Formzott Laci 2010.03.16. 16:35:00
romn (Romnia)

35. oldal: [S7] Formzott Laci 2010.03.16. 16:35:00
romn (Romnia)

35. oldal: [S7] Formzott Laci 2010.03.16. 16:35:00
romn (Romnia)

35. oldal: [S7] Formzott Laci 2010.03.16. 16:35:00
romn (Romnia)

35. oldal: [S7] Formzott Laci 2010.03.16. 16:35:00
romn (Romnia)

35. oldal: [S7] Formzott Laci 2010.03.16. 16:35:00
romn (Romnia)

35. oldal: [SS] Formzott Laci 2010.03.16. 16:35:00
romn (Romnia)

35. oldal: [SS] Formzott Laci 2010.03.16. 16:35:00
romn (Romnia)

35. oldal: [SS] Formzott Laci 2010.03.16. 16:35:00
romn (Romnia)

35. oldal: [SS] Formzott Laci 2010.03.16. 16:35:00
35. oldal: [SS] Formzott Laci 2010.03.16. 16:35:00
romn (Romnia)

35. oldal: [SS] Formzott Laci 2010.03.16. 16:35:00
romn (Romnia)

35. oldal: [SS] Formzott Laci 2010.03.16. 16:35:00
romn (Romnia)

35. oldal: [SS] Formzott Laci 2010.03.16. 16:35:00
romn (Romnia)

35. oldal: [SS] Formzott Laci 2010.03.16. 16:35:00
romn (Romnia)

35. oldal: [SS] Formzott Laci 2010.03.16. 16:35:00
romn (Romnia)

35. oldal: [SS] Formzott Laci 2010.03.16. 16:35:00
romn (Romnia)

35. oldal: [SS] Formzott Laci 2010.03.16. 16:35:00
romn (Romnia)

35. oldal: [S9] Formzott Laci 2010.03.16. 16:35:00
romn (Romnia)

35. oldal: [S9] Formzott Laci 2010.03.16. 16:35:00
romn (Romnia)

35. oldal: [S9] Formzott Laci 2010.03.16. 16:35:00
romn (Romnia)

35. oldal: [S9] Formzott Laci 2010.03.16. 16:35:00
romn (Romnia)

35. oldal: [S9] Formzott Laci 2010.03.16. 16:35:00
romn (Romnia)

35. oldal: [S9] Formzott Laci 2010.03.16. 16:35:00
romn (Romnia)

35. oldal: [S9] Formzott Laci 2010.03.16. 16:35:00
romn (Romnia)

35. oldal: [90] Formzott Laci 2010.03.16. 16:35:00
romn (Romnia)

35. oldal: [90] Formzott Laci 2010.03.16. 16:35:00
romn (Romnia)

35. oldal: [90] Formzott Laci 2010.03.16. 16:35:00
romn (Romnia)

35. oldal: [90] Formzott Laci 2010.03.16. 16:35:00
romn (Romnia)

35. oldal: [90] Formzott Laci 2010.03.16. 16:35:00
romn (Romnia)

35. oldal: [90] Formzott Laci 2010.03.16. 16:35:00
35. oldal: [90] Formzott Laci 2010.03.16. 16:35:00
romn (Romnia)

35. oldal: [90] Formzott Laci 2010.03.16. 16:35:00
romn (Romnia)

35. oldal: [90] Formzott Laci 2010.03.16. 16:35:00
romn (Romnia)

35. oldal: [90] Formzott Laci 2010.03.16. 16:35:00
romn (Romnia)

35. oldal: [91] Formzott Laci 2010.03.16. 16:35:00
romn (Romnia)

35. oldal: [91] Formzott Laci 2010.03.16. 16:35:00
romn (Romnia)

35. oldal: [91] Formzott Laci 2010.03.16. 16:35:00
romn (Romnia)

35. oldal: [91] Formzott Laci 2010.03.16. 16:35:00
romn (Romnia)

35. oldal: [91] Formzott Laci 2010.03.16. 16:35:00
romn (Romnia)

35. oldal: [91] Formzott Laci 2010.03.16. 16:35:00
romn (Romnia)

35. oldal: [91] Formzott Laci 2010.03.16. 16:35:00
romn (Romnia)

35. oldal: [91] Formzott Laci 2010.03.16. 16:35:00
romn (Romnia)

35. oldal: [91] Formzott Laci 2010.03.16. 16:35:00
romn (Romnia)

35. oldal: [91] Formzott Laci 2010.03.16. 16:35:00
romn (Romnia)

35. oldal: [91] Formzott Laci 2010.03.16. 16:35:00
romn (Romnia)

35. oldal: [91] Formzott Laci 2010.03.16. 16:35:00
romn (Romnia)

35. oldal: [91] Formzott Laci 2010.03.16. 16:35:00
romn (Romnia)

35. oldal: [91] Formzott Laci 2010.03.16. 16:35:00
romn (Romnia)

35. oldal: [91] Formzott Laci 2010.03.16. 16:35:00
romn (Romnia)

39. oldal: [92] Formzott Laci 2010.03.16. 16:35:00
romn (Romnia)

39. oldal: [93] Formzott Laci 2010.03.16. 16:35:00
39. oldal: [94] Formzott Laci 2010.03.16. 16:35:00
romn (Romnia)

39. oldal: [95] Formzott Laci 2010.03.16. 16:35:00
romn (Romnia)

39. oldal: [96] Formzott Laci 2010.03.16. 16:35:00
romn (Romnia)

39. oldal: [97] Formzott Laci 2010.03.16. 16:35:00
romn (Romnia)

39. oldal: [9S] Formzott Laci 2010.03.16. 16:35:00
romn (Romnia)

39. oldal: [99] Formzott Laci 2010.03.16. 16:35:00
romn (Romnia)

39. oldal: [100] Formzott Laci 2010.03.16. 16:35:00
romn (Romnia)

39. oldal: [101] Formzott Laci 2010.03.16. 16:35:00
romn (Romnia)

39. oldal: [102] Formzott Laci 2010.03.16. 16:35:00
romn (Romnia)

39. oldal: [103] Formzott Laci 2010.03.16. 16:35:00
romn (Romnia)

39. oldal: [104] Formzott Laci 2010.03.16. 16:35:00
romn (Romnia)

39. oldal: [105] Formzott Laci 2010.03.16. 16:35:00
romn (Romnia)

39. oldal: [106] Formzott Laci 2010.03.16. 16:35:00
romn (Romnia)

39. oldal: [107] Formzott Laci 2010.03.16. 16:35:00
romn (Romnia)

39. oldal: [10S] Formzott Laci 2010.03.16. 16:35:00
romn (Romnia)

39. oldal: [109] Formzott Laci 2010.03.16. 16:35:00
romn (Romnia)

39. oldal: [110] Formzott Laci 2010.03.16. 16:35:00
romn (Romnia)

39. oldal: [111] Formzott Laci 2010.03.16. 16:35:00
romn (Romnia)

39. oldal: [112] Formzott Laci 2010.03.16. 16:35:00
romn (Romnia)

39. oldal: [113] Formzott Laci 2010.03.16. 16:35:00
romn (Romnia)

39. oldal: [114] Formzott Laci 2010.03.16. 16:35:00
39. oldal: [115] Formzott Laci 2010.03.16. 16:35:00
romn (Romnia)

39. oldal: [116] Formzott Laci 2010.03.16. 16:35:00
romn (Romnia)

39. oldal: [117] Formzott Laci 2010.03.16. 16:35:00
romn (Romnia)

39. oldal: [11S] Formzott Laci 2010.03.16. 16:35:00
romn (Romnia)

39. oldal: [119] Formzott Laci 2010.03.16. 16:35:00
romn (Romnia)

39. oldal: [120] Formzott Laci 2010.03.16. 16:35:00
romn (Romnia)

39. oldal: [121] Formzott Laci 2010.03.16. 16:35:00
romn (Romnia)

39. oldal: [122] Formzott Laci 2010.03.16. 16:35:00
romn (Romnia)

39. oldal: [123] Formzott Laci 2010.03.16. 16:35:00
romn (Romnia)

39. oldal: [124] Formzott Laci 2010.03.16. 16:35:00
romn (Romnia)

39. oldal: [125] Formzott Laci 2010.03.16. 16:35:00
romn (Romnia)

39. oldal: [126] Formzott Laci 2010.03.16. 16:35:00
romn (Romnia)

39. oldal: [127] Formzott Laci 2010.03.16. 16:35:00
romn (Romnia)

39. oldal: [12S] Formzott Laci 2010.03.16. 16:35:00
romn (Romnia)

39. oldal: [129] Formzott Laci 2010.03.16. 16:35:00
romn (Romnia)

39. oldal: [130] Formzott Laci 2010.03.16. 16:35:00
romn (Romnia)

39. oldal: [131] Formzott Laci 2010.03.16. 16:35:00
romn (Romnia)

39. oldal: [132] Formzott Laci 2010.03.16. 16:35:00
romn (Romnia)

39. oldal: [133] Formzott Laci 2010.03.16. 16:35:00
romn (Romnia)

39. oldal: [134] Formzott Laci 2010.03.16. 16:35:00
romn (Romnia)

39. oldal: [135] Formzott Laci 2010.03.16. 16:35:00
39. oldal: [136] Formzott Laci 2010.03.16. 16:35:00
romn (Romnia)

39. oldal: [137] Formzott Laci 2010.03.16. 16:35:00
romn (Romnia)

39. oldal: [13S] Formzott Laci 2010.03.16. 16:35:00
romn (Romnia)

39. oldal: [139] Formzott Laci 2010.03.16. 16:35:00
romn (Romnia)

39. oldal: [140] Formzott Laci 2010.03.16. 16:35:00
romn (Romnia)

39. oldal: [141] Formzott Laci 2010.03.16. 16:35:00
romn (Romnia)

39. oldal: [142] Formzott Laci 2010.03.16. 16:35:00
romn (Romnia)

39. oldal: [143] Formzott Laci 2010.03.16. 16:35:00
romn (Romnia)

40. oldal: [144] Formzott Laci 2010.03.16. 16:35:00
romn (Romnia)

40. oldal: [144] Formzott Laci 2010.03.16. 16:35:00
romn (Romnia)

40. oldal: [145] Formzott Laci 2010.03.16. 16:35:00
romn (Romnia)

40. oldal: [145] Formzott Laci 2010.03.16. 16:35:00
romn (Romnia)

40. oldal: [146] Formzott Laci 2010.03.16. 16:35:00
romn (Romnia)

40. oldal: [146] Formzott Laci 2010.03.16. 16:35:00
romn (Romnia)

40. oldal: [146] Formzott Laci 2010.03.16. 16:35:00
romn (Romnia)

40. oldal: [146] Formzott Laci 2010.03.16. 16:35:00
romn (Romnia)

40. oldal: [146] Formzott Laci 2010.03.16. 16:35:00
romn (Romnia)

40. oldal: [146] Formzott Laci 2010.03.16. 16:35:00
romn (Romnia)

40. oldal: [146] Formzott Laci 2010.03.16. 16:35:00
romn (Romnia)

40. oldal: [146] Formzott Laci 2010.03.16. 16:35:00
romn (Romnia)

40. oldal: [146] Formzott Laci 2010.03.16. 16:35:00
40. oldal: [146] Formzott Laci 2010.03.16. 16:35:00
romn (Romnia)

40. oldal: [146] Formzott Laci 2010.03.16. 16:35:00
romn (Romnia)

40. oldal: [146] Formzott Laci 2010.03.16. 16:35:00
romn (Romnia)

40. oldal: [147] Formzott Laci 2010.03.16. 16:35:00
romn (Romnia)

40. oldal: [147] Formzott Laci 2010.03.16. 16:35:00
romn (Romnia)

40. oldal: [147] Formzott Laci 2010.03.16. 16:35:00
romn (Romnia)

40. oldal: [147] Formzott Laci 2010.03.16. 16:35:00
romn (Romnia)

40. oldal: [147] Formzott Laci 2010.03.16. 16:35:00
romn (Romnia)

40. oldal: [147] Formzott Laci 2010.03.16. 16:35:00
romn (Romnia)

40. oldal: [147] Formzott Laci 2010.03.16. 16:35:00
romn (Romnia)

40. oldal: [147] Formzott Laci 2010.03.16. 16:35:00
romn (Romnia)

40. oldal: [147] Formzott Laci 2010.03.16. 16:35:00
romn (Romnia)

40. oldal: [147] Formzott Laci 2010.03.16. 16:35:00
romn (Romnia)

40. oldal: [147] Formzott Laci 2010.03.16. 16:35:00
romn (Romnia)

40. oldal: [147] Formzott Laci 2010.03.16. 16:35:00
romn (Romnia)

40. oldal: [14S] Formzott Laci 2010.03.16. 16:35:00
romn (Romnia)

40. oldal: [14S] Formzott Laci 2010.03.16. 16:35:00
romn (Romnia)

40. oldal: [14S] Formzott Laci 2010.03.16. 16:35:00
romn (Romnia)

40. oldal: [14S] Formzott Laci 2010.03.16. 16:35:00
romn (Romnia)

40. oldal: [14S] Formzott Laci 2010.03.16. 16:35:00
romn (Romnia)

40. oldal: [14S] Formzott Laci 2010.03.16. 16:35:00
40. oldal: [14S] Formzott Laci 2010.03.16. 16:35:00
romn (Romnia)

40. oldal: [14S] Formzott Laci 2010.03.16. 16:35:00
romn (Romnia)

40. oldal: [14S] Formzott Laci 2010.03.16. 16:35:00
romn (Romnia)

40. oldal: [14S] Formzott Laci 2010.03.16. 16:35:00
romn (Romnia)

40. oldal: [14S] Formzott Laci 2010.03.16. 16:35:00
romn (Romnia)

40. oldal: [14S] Formzott Laci 2010.03.16. 16:35:00
romn (Romnia)

40. oldal: [149] Formzott Laci 2010.03.16. 16:35:00
romn (Romnia)

40. oldal: [149] Formzott Laci 2010.03.16. 16:35:00
romn (Romnia)

40. oldal: [149] Formzott Laci 2010.03.16. 16:35:00
romn (Romnia)

40. oldal: [149] Formzott Laci 2010.03.16. 16:35:00
romn (Romnia)

40. oldal: [150] Formzott Laci 2010.03.16. 16:35:00
romn (Romnia)

40. oldal: [150] Formzott Laci 2010.03.16. 16:35:00
romn (Romnia)

40. oldal: [150] Formzott Laci 2010.03.16. 16:35:00
romn (Romnia)

40. oldal: [150] Formzott Laci 2010.03.16. 16:35:00
romn (Romnia)

40. oldal: [150] Formzott Laci 2010.03.16. 16:35:00
romn (Romnia)

40. oldal: [150] Formzott Laci 2010.03.16. 16:35:00
romn (Romnia)

40. oldal: [150] Formzott Laci 2010.03.16. 16:35:00
romn (Romnia)

40. oldal: [150] Formzott Laci 2010.03.16. 16:35:00
romn (Romnia)

40. oldal: [150] Formzott Laci 2010.03.16. 16:35:00
romn (Romnia)

40. oldal: [150] Formzott Laci 2010.03.16. 16:35:00
romn (Romnia)

40. oldal: [150] Formzott Laci 2010.03.16. 16:35:00
40. oldal: [150] Formzott Laci 2010.03.16. 16:35:00
romn (Romnia)

40. oldal: [150] Formzott Laci 2010.03.16. 16:35:00
romn (Romnia)

40. oldal: [150] Formzott Laci 2010.03.16. 16:35:00
romn (Romnia)

40. oldal: [151] Formzott Laci 2010.03.16. 16:35:00
romn (Romnia)

40. oldal: [151] Formzott Laci 2010.03.16. 16:35:00
romn (Romnia)

40. oldal: [151] Formzott Laci 2010.03.16. 16:35:00
romn (Romnia)

40. oldal: [151] Formzott Laci 2010.03.16. 16:35:00
romn (Romnia)

40. oldal: [151] Formzott Laci 2010.03.16. 16:35:00
romn (Romnia)

40. oldal: [151] Formzott Laci 2010.03.16. 16:35:00
romn (Romnia)

40. oldal: [151] Formzott Laci 2010.03.16. 16:35:00
romn (Romnia)

40. oldal: [151] Formzott Laci 2010.03.16. 16:35:00
romn (Romnia)

40. oldal: [151] Formzott Laci 2010.03.16. 16:35:00
romn (Romnia)

40. oldal: [151] Formzott Laci 2010.03.16. 16:35:00
romn (Romnia)

40. oldal: [151] Formzott Laci 2010.03.16. 16:35:00
romn (Romnia)

40. oldal: [151] Formzott Laci 2010.03.16. 16:35:00
romn (Romnia)