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Cu toii trebuie s dm sau s primim instruciuni la un moment dat, acas sau la serviciu.

Leciile din Ateniei se refer la modul de a da sfaturi, avertismente i explicaii. Vei nva de asemenea despre modul de exprimare a cauzei i rezultatului n propoziii condiionale.
n aceast etap vei gsi sfaturi despre cum s fii politicoi cnd dai instruciuni sau cerei ceva pe englezete. Oamenii apreciaz ntotdeauna acest lucru, aa nct merit efortul suplimentar, chiar dac asta nseamn s folosii cteva cuvinte n plus.

LESSON 1 LESSON 2 LESSON 3 LESSON 4


[La birou]

Giving orders and making requests (1) Giving orders and making requests (2) Following and giving instructions Giving advice (1) In the office

[Dai dispoziii sau cerei ceva (l)] [Dai dispoziii sau cerei ceva (2)] [Urmai sau dai instruciuni] [Cum dm sfaturi (l)]

BREAKTHROUGH 9 LESSON 5 LESSON 6 LESSON 7 LESSON 8 LESSON 9 LESSON 10 LESSON 11 LESSON 12


[Pe strad] [Cum dm sfaturi (2)]

Giving advice (2) Talking about obligation Saying how to do things Talking about quantity (1) Seaside Mystery: Part 9 Check your progress Talking about quantity (2) Talking about quantity (3) In the street

[S vorbim despre obligaii] [Spunei cum se face ceva] [S vorbim despre cantitate (1)] [Suspans pe malul mrii: Partea 9] [Verificai-v progresele] [S vorbim despre cantitate (2)] [S vorbim despre cantitate (3)]

BREAKTHROUGH 10 LESSON 13 LESSON 14 LESSON 15 LESSON 16 LESSON 17 LESSON 18


[Descriei o aciune]

Making suggestions and talking about probability Talking about cause and result Describing how something is done Describing something that is happening now Teii me about them Describing an action Seaside Mystery: Part 10 Check your progress

[Despre sugestii i posibile rezultate] [Despre cauz i rezultat] [Descriei cum se face ceva] [Descriei ceva ce se ntmpl acum] [S vorbim despre oameni]

LESSON 19 LESSON 20

[Suspans pe malul mrii: Partea IO] [Verificai-v progresele]

Giving orders and making requests (1)


I Privii imaginile. Ce credei c spun personajele n fiecare dintre situaii?

Grammar:
Cnd vrem s-i spunem sau s-i ceren folosim de obicei forma de infinitiv a i 1 cuiva s fac ceva, /erbului.

Come in. Shut the door. See Grammar Bank

2 Privii din nou imaginile i gsii pentru fiecare o expresie corespunztoare din caset. Sunt dou expresii de care nu avei nevoie. Wake up! Hurry up! Pass the salt. Shut the door. Take a seat. Come in. Be quiet! Have a biscuit. 3 Ascultai i repetai propoziiile din nregistrare. Verificai dac ai rspuns corect. English in 20 minutes a day 193

Polie requests
Putem face un ordin mai politicos adugnd please la nceputul sau la sfritul propoziiei. Please hurru up Uurry up, please. Could you speak up? Would you min passing the salt?
See Grammar Bank
" ' " .......

Putem transforma un ordin ntr-o rugminte politicoas folosind Would you, Could you sau WouM you min. Cu Would you min verbul trebuie s se termine n -ing.
WouW uou close the door?

4 Facei urmtoarele propoziii mai politicoase folosind cuvintele sau expresiile din paranteze: 1 Help me with this suitcase. (please) Vlease kelp me uurk. "ki urotfe. 2 Show me how this photocopier works. (could you) 3 Pass me a pair of scissors. (would you) Please i Thank you sunt probabil cele mai 4 Open the door. (could you) importante cuvinte englezeti. Sunt folosite ....................................................................................... tot timpul! 5 Get me a cup of coffee. (would you mind) /7N 5 Ascultai nregistrarea. Vei auzi un ofier din serviciul de paz al unui aeroport W discutnd cu un pasager. Privii imaginile i punei-le n ordinea corect.

20minutes+
Gsii rspunsurile corecte la ntrebrile din coloana din stnga. 1 Could you make me a coffee, please? 2 Please hurry up! 3 Can 1 come in? 4 Could you listen carefully? 5 May 1 have a piece of cake? 6 What are you going to get me for my birthday? a) Hang on! I'm coming. b) Wait and see. It's a surprise. c) Help yourself. Have a big piece, if you like. d) Yes. Take a seat and make yourself at home. e) Of course. Black or white? f) OK. I'm all ears.
English in 20 minutes a day

Attention!
Stage
Giving orders and making requests (2)
I Privii indicatoarele rutiere de mai jos. tii ce nseamn fiecare? Sunt aceleai i n Romnia?

2 Scriei ce nseamn fiecare indicator. Alegei dintre expresiile din caset. no entry no overtaking no parking no right turn no homs no bicycles pedestrians only no left turn 1 .fp... .p^t.ifY^ 5
2 ................................. 3 ................................. 4 ................................. 6 ................................. 7 ................................. 8 .................................

Do you know?
f\ 3 Vei auzi dou persoane, Jemma i Brian, W& care se uit la cteva indicatoare rutiere i discut ce nseamn. Ascultai nregistrarea i stabilii despre ce indicatoare discut. driving test = examen de conducere auto driving licence = permis de conducere n Anglia i n alte cteva ri, printre care Australia, Noua Zeeland, India, Japonia i Indonezia, se circul pe left-hand side a drumului.
-"- ' - "-

Gram;
Don't I Do not I Never
Cnd vrem s-i spunem sau s-i cerem cuiva s nu fac ceva, folosim Don't, Do not sau Never + forma de infinitiv a verbului.
Don't teii anyone. Do not open this door. Never inlerrupl him when he's working. (Interdicie.) See Grammar Bank English in 20 minutes a day 195

4 Completai fiecare indicaie cu o expresie adecvat din caset. Sunt dou indicaii de care nu avei nevoie. 1 .. >pr\t.. .eed... the animals. 2 ........................the road here. 3 ...............................in here. 4 ........................the paintings. 5 .......................into this room . 6 .......................into the road without checking your mirror first. j\ 5 Ascultai i repetai propoziiile din nregistrare. W Verificai dac ai rspuns corect.

Grammar:

Polie negative requests

1
Putem transforma un ordin ntr-o rugminte politicoas folosind Would you mind noi + verb terminat n -ing. Putem aduga Ym sorry, but ca s fim i mai politicoi.
Would you mind noi smokmgl \'m sorry, but would you mind not smoking please? See Grammar Bank

Cnd nu vrem ca cineva s fac ceva, putem fi mai politicoi adugnd


please. Please don't smoke in here.

..... .,...-.
'

,........, ....

,.... ,.,.

.,.,

20mnutes+
Facei urmtoarele ordine mai politicoase, folosind expresiile din paranteze. 1 Don't touch the computer, (please) 2 Don't talk to me like that! (would you mind) 3 Don't open the window. (would you mind / please) 4 Don't interrupt me. (l'm sorry, but / would you mind) 5 Don't open this door. (please) English in 20 minutes a day

.-

Attention!
Stage 5 J
rv

Following and giving instructions


I Uitai-v la poza CD player-ului i verificai dac tii denumirile diferitelor componente. speaker volume control power button CD tray play button stop button

F
|$\ 2 Ascultai dou persoane vorbind despre cum se folosete un CD player. I*' la exerciiul 1 pe care le auzii. 3 Privii imaginile de mai jos i punei-le n ordinea corect
PLAy/pAUse
V

Bifai cuvintele de

^fl

^r
r .

5^ 4 Ascultai din nou nregistrarea. Toate propoziiile de mai jos apar n nregistrare. Completai-le cu cuvntul corect din caset. turn (x2) open plug press (x3) put push close 1 First of all, you .. .plV.^... it in. 2 You............it on, of course. 3 ............the power button on the top of the machine. 4 ............the CD tray. 5 ............the lid gently. 6 When you've done that, ............your CD in. 7 Then ............the tray. Just............the lid down gently 8 ............the play button. 9 ............the volume control to the right. turn on: a da drumul \a TV, radio, robinet etc. turn offi a nchide un aparat English in 20 minutes a day 197

Cnd i spunem cuiva cum s fac ceva folosim forma de infinitiv a verbului.
Press the button. Turn it on.

Uneori includem pronumele you naintea unei indicaii.


First of all, you press the button. See Grammar Bank

5 1 2 3 4 5

Privii instruciunile de folosire a unui fotocopiator i completai propoziiile cu un cuvnt adecvat. ............the photocopier lid. ............the sheet you want to copy on the glass. ............the lid. ............the copy button. ............your copies from the tray.

20minutes+
Urmtoarele fraze dau instruciuni despre cum se folosesc diferite lucruri. Gsii pentru fiecare obiectul corect. 1 Put the key in the ignition, turn the engine on, release the handbrake, get into gear and drive away. 2 Insert the disk, double click on the 'Word' icon, then double click on the folder icon in the top left corner to find the file you want. 3 Fiii it up with water, plug it in and turn it on. It turns off automatically when the water boils. 4 Put your document in the machine, face down. Dial the number you want and wait for the document to go through. 5 Put a video in, press rewind and when it reaches the beginning, press the play button. To get a better picture, adjust the controls on your set. a) electric kettle b) video player c) computer d) car e) fax machine
198 English in 20 minutes a day

Attention!
Stage 5
Giving advice (1)
1 Le dai vreodat sfaturi prietenilor sau rudelor? Vi se pare un lucru uor sau dificil? 2 Privii bulele de text. Ce spune a doua persoan din fiecare? Completai rspunsul cu un verb i un substantiv din casete.

Verbs take wear look ask turn make


clothes heating job sandwich

Nouns boss holiday 'm really cold.

Turn the ..k&ty.. on. J

I've got a job interview tomorrow. your best. !'m feeling a bit hungry. yourself a I feel really tired all the time. a nice, long need more money. your for a pay rise. don't like working here. for another...........then.

Imperatives (3)
Putem folosi formele imperative ale verbelor pentru a da sfaturi simple. Ym really tired. Go to bed.
See Grammar Bank English in 20 minutes a day 199

ifTl 3 Ron nu a mai fost niciodat cu avionul. Prietenul lui, Jamie, zboar W frecvent n interes de serviciu. Ascultai-le dialogul i bifai (/) lucrurile despre care vorbete Jamie. 4 Citii aceste sfaturi dintr-o revist i completai-le cu un cuvnt adecvat din caset. ,

Advice to first-time flyers from Buzzair


1 .....yJ.eay......loose, comfortable clothing. 2 .................a good book to read. 3 .................atthe airport early and................as soon as you get there. 4 .................fora seat near the front of the aircraft,

Buzzair

fim
/ // y/.fne happy // flyer ! /
.......alcohol. )ossible.

as it's quieter there. 5 Before you board your flight,................a light meal. 6 During the flight,..............plenty of water and........... 7 During the flight,................around the cabin whenever |

eat arrive take drink wear ask avoid waik check in

20minutes+
Ascultai nregistrarea. Vei auzi o emisiune de radio cu sfaturi pentru nvarea unei limbi strine. n timp ce ascultai completai propoziiile de mai jos. 1 ..................a good dictionary. 2 ..................new words when you hear them. 3 ..................a local newspaper. 4 ...............to the radio and...............television. 5 ...............in restaurants where local people eat, and not where the tourists eat. 6 ................to local people whenever possible. 200 English in 20 minutes a day

Stage 5

Breakthrough 9
Office work
I Ce credei c fac aceti oameni? Facei i dumneavoastr vreunul dintre lucrurile respective n meserie sau ca parte din activitile zilnice? 2 Gsii definiiile corespunztoare pentru imaginile de mai sus.

i
Cathy is using the adding machine to check the sales figures. 2 i Ken is in a meeting. 3 Susan and Tom are looking at their new website. 4 L lanet is talking to a customer on the phone. 5 Sonia is checking her emails. 6 Mria is giving a presentation to three colleagues. 7 [ J Anna is reading a file. 8 [_j Fiona is writing a note in her organiser. /T\ 3 Ascultai-o pe aceast directoare vorbind cu asistenta ei, Helen. Bifai (/) lucrurile pe care vrea ca Helen s le fac. reaza rreee"tatlon:di*.!. cineva care Con centrataeZCUpecUcoleeii
Tlnings to do todat^ \ Tupe op -tt-e notes from last !Vida<j. 1 Photocopw the cheqoe -foc Anvil pic. > Ring Arwil pic. 4 email the Neu> Yort offce. !> TMpe some. letters. fc fax the sales -figures to the Neu) York- office. 1 Post a cheqoe to Anvil pic. & SeaCCh the internet for informa-tion aboot Anvil pic.

201

English in 20 minutes a day

&

In the office
4 Combinai cuvintele din listele A i B pentru a forma cuvinte noi. Folosii imaginile pentru a v orienta. filing tidy fax cabinet desk basket water machine bulletin cooler wastepaper board 5 Ascultai un om vorbind despre biroul Tn care lucreaz. V putei da seama care persoan din fotografie este el? Scriei trei lucruri de care pomenete el i le vedei i n fotografie. 1 ..........................................
2 .......................................... 3 ..........................................

Stationery
k!.i m-9 deskdiary calendar notice bulletil desk office chair fax machine files photocopier notepad documents i| letter scale

Comp
date stamp clipboard ring binders desk tidy paper computel envelopes 202 English in 20 minutes a day

magazine files jard (UK) J^^. workstation toard (US) reminder note wastepaper basket (UK) wastebasket (US) paper tray water cooler folder filing cabinet

ter equipment
:PU)
screen 1 f

.. |
,i 1*f *____.......lNtMEll^

monitor

electronic organiser

a amainmiMD
keyboard mouse hard disk mouse mat laser printer floppy disks English in 20 minutes a day

203

6 Privii articolele de birotic de mai jos. Bifai-le (/) pe cele pe care le avei acas. eraser stapler calculator staples marker pens sticky tape pens string Acum facei legtura dintre articolele din imagini i funciunile din tabel. Item Function 1 2 3 4 5 6 hole punch scissors ruler eraser sticky tape paperclip a) to draw a straight line b) to stick one piece of paper onto another c) to clip pages of a document together d) to make holes in papers for filing e) to cut some string f) to remove pencil marks from paper

20 minutes+
Ce articole din aceast lecie sunt necesare pentru a ndeplini rugminile de mai jos? Gsii articolele i scriei denumirea fiecruia. 1 I'd like three copies of this document, please........................................... 2 Could you book that on the internet for me?.......................................... 3 Do I have any appointments on April 4th?.......................................... 4 Can you get me the Anvil project file?.......................................... 5 s this letter more than 60 grammes?.......................................... 6 Can I have a printout of the report to read on the train?.......................................

English in 20 minutes a day

204

Attention!
Giving advice (2)
I 1 2 3 4 5

Stage 5

Un prieten bun are nite probleme i a venit s v cear sfatul. Ce sfat i-ai da n fiecare caz? I feel tired all the time. I haven't got any money. I'm working too hard. My car isn't working again. l've got terrible toothache.

Gramma,
should I ought to I shouldn *t Cnd credem c e bine ca cineva s fac ceva, folosim should sau ought to + verb la infinitiv. I feel tired all the time. You should go to bed earlier. l've got terrible toothache. You ought to see a dentist. Cnd nu credem c e bine ca cineva s fac ceva, folosim shouldn't + verb la infinitiv. I haven't got any money. You shouldn't spend so much. See Grammar Bank 2 Citii urmtoarea scrisoare, n care John i d sfaturi fratelui su Patrick. Completai spaiile cu should, ought to sau shouldn't, i un cuvnt din caset. use spend eat take go (x2) ask Dear Patrick,
im

sau cur greutate. Hi. Sorry to hear you're having problems, lose uutlnh* "gira a scdea n but let me give you a bit of advice. First of all, you' re worried because you' re overweight. Well, the answer is quite simple: you (1) !>5iJfts\.'.....?.^V so much! If you want to lose weight, perhaps you (2) ................................. on a diet. You also say you' re tired all the time. Of course you are! You work too many long hours. You (3) ................................. your boss for some time off, and you (4) ................................. a holiday. Also, you (5) ................................. to bed earlier each night and get a good night' s sleep. And the answer to your headache is simple; you (6) ................................. your computer so much! You' re also worried about not having enough money. Again, there' s a very simple solution: you (7) ................................. so much. All the best, r .

UoKK\
English in 20 minutes a day 205

3 Propoziiile din stnga reprezint prima parte a unui dialog. Gsii continuarea n coloana din dreapta. 1 This jacket is really old. 2 I've got a terrible headache. 3 I'm tired all the time. 4 Caii the police! Someone's stolen my wallet! 5 I think it might rain. 6 I never seem to have any money. 7 What time do trains for Boston leave? 8 I hate this terrible weather. a) l've no idea. How about calling the station to find out? b) I'm not surprised! You spend too long on your computer. c) That's true. You should get a new one. d) In that case, how about moving to a warmer country? e) It is getting very cloudy. You should take an umbrella with you. f) Is it any wonder? You spend it all on CDs! g) Of course you are. You work too hard! h) Calm down. Maybe you left it in the restaurant Why don't you caii them first? TiTl 4 Ascultai nregistrarea. Ai rspuns corect?

20 minutes+
Ce spun persoanele din stnga? Completai bulele. I'm
m

You should go to bed. How about watching some television? I don't feel very You should go to the doctor.
m

Why don't you make yourself something to eat? This hat is really Why don't you buy a new one? 'm getting too Why don't you go on a diet?
i

ffvn

Attention!
Stage 5
slvf)

Itiv

<5
vr Iert *

Talking about obligation


I Privii poza unui telefon mobil. tii cum se numesc diferitele componente i accesorii? Folosii cuvintele din caset pentru a completa elementele 1-4. aerial (UK) antenna (US) earpiece hands-free kit caii key charger 2 Posedai un telefon mobil? Ce marc este? l folosii mult? Citii urmtoarele propoziii. Care sunt valabile pentru dumneavoastr? You have to recharge the battery a lot. You must pay for calls in the evening. You don't have to pay for calls at the weekend. You mustn't use it in water (e.g. in the bath, in a pool).

Gramm, WORD POWER.


must / mustn't / don't have to mobile phone (UK) cell phone (US) keypad lock: tast sau taste pentru blocarea telefonului cnd nu este folosit. cancel key: tast pentru corectarea unei greeli. dial: formarea unui anumit numr de telefon. SIM crd: cartela de memorie din Interiorul telefonului. Cnd credem c ceva e foarte important de fcut, folosim must + verb la infinitiv.
You must come on time.

Cnd credem c e foarte important ca ceva s nu fie fcut, folosim mustn't + verb la infinitiv.
You mustn't make so much noise.

Cnd credem c ceva nu este necesar, folosim don't have to + verb la infinitiv.
You don't have to cook anything - Ym not hungry.

See Grammar Bank

m
English in 20 minutes a day

b
3 Vei auzi un vnztor descriind unui client un nou telefon mobil Citii propoziiile i decidei Intre a, b i c. a) It is very important to do this. b) It is very important not to do this. c) It is not necessary to do this. 1 Use it on planes or at petrol stations. 2 Drop it........ 3 Use it on the beach or in the bath........ 4 Keep it in its cover........ 5 Charge it up every day........ 6 Buy new batteries for it........ 7 Turn it off when you're not using it........ 8 Use it for more than ten minutes at a time 4 Citii urmtoarele propoziii i completai-le cu must, mustn't sau don't have to, i unul din urmtoarele verbe-. water forget study read cross go

How to say it
Silent letter Primul t din mustn't este mut. Nu Ti pronunm. 1 There's lots of food in the house. We .. .^D.. MV*. ty.. f.... to the supermarket 2 This is a great book. You.......................it sometime. 3 You..............................the garden - it's going to rain later. ____________ 4 You......................the road without looking. 5 We..................................to post lohn's crd. It's his birthday tomorrow. 6 I've got an exam next week, so I......................tonight.

Do you know?
In Anglia sptmna de lucru (working week) medie e de 40 de ore; adeseori se lucreaz ns mai mult.

20 minutes+
l vei auzi pe directorul unei companii vorbindu-i unui angajat nou despre munca lui. Completai propoziiile cu ceea ce spune. 1 I.................................you about a few company rules. 2 You ..................................here at half past eight on Monday mornings. 3 You..................................earlier than that without asking me first. 4 You..................................there if you don't want to. 5 You...............................sure you're back in the office by two o'clock. 6 You..............................a special code number to operate it. 7 You..............................to fix it on your own. 8 It's free. You..........................anything for hot drinks. English in 20 minutes a day

Attention!
Stage 5
Saying how to do things
I Privii indicatoarele i semnele de mai jos. Completai-le cu un cuvnt din caset. Cutai n Word Bank cuvintele pe care nu le tii. quietly slowly suddenly daily carefully
11

Please

drive .!.Wity.
through the village.

Don't disturb our neighbours. Please leave the pub

II
Read the instructions before filling in the form.

O
JU_

Buses to London leave at 10.30.

ii Danger!
Wet road. Don't brake

II
Unele adverbe au aceeai form cu adjectivul.
early fast late hard He's a fast driver. We drives fast.

Unele adverbe sunt neregulate.


He's a good driver. He drives well.

Ca s spunem cum face cineva ceva sau cum se ntmpl ceva, folosim un adverb. Adverbele descriu aciunea verbelor. Multe adjective pot fi transformate n adverbe adugndu-li-se -ly.
quiet -* quietly She sang so quietly.

Adjectivele care se termin n -y devin adverbe schimbnd y n ~ily.


angry ~* angrily He spoke angrily.

2 Completai propoziiile cu un adverb adecvat din caset. Cutai n Word Bank cuvintele pe care nu le tii. badly beautifully suddenly fluently angrily quietly 1 He did so ..P^fr^f... in the driving test that he decided never to drive again. 2 She usually sings...................but last night she sang so terribly that half the audience left. 3 He spoke so................that nobody could hear him. 4 Bernie lives in Kyoto and he speaks lapanese.................... 5 She stopped the car.....................because there was a cat in the road. 6 'Be quiet!,' he said............... See Grammar Bank

/
English in 20 minutes a day 209

3 Articolul de mai jos ofer sfaturi utile persoanelor care se duc la un interviu de angajare. Completai spaiile folosind forma adverbial a cuvintelor din caset. calm early careful slow hard late bad good quick clear

Advice for interview candidatei


1 Dress..............Wear your smartest clothes and make sure your shoes are clean. 2 Think.............about what you're going to say before the interview. 3 Arrive on time. It's all right to arrive a little................but whatever you do, don't arrive................! 4 Don't speak too...............or too..................... 5 Speak...................Don't mumble or cover your mouth. 6 Don't try too................to impress the interviewer. This can create a negative impression. 7 If you think things are going..............., don't pQVV^"^ panic! Act...............and try to stay in control. \ vVO^-^ Urmtoare s prin*"*"10*" \ ncet fiTV 4 Ascultai nregistrarea. Vei auzi un interviu radiofonic v sfaturi celor care se duc la interviuri de angajare.
nu

cu un manager care d

\ *T2 * spunea fo-rw whl*Per" 1 L* persoane, ncet unei

aftep
oa ea nu au d cs\WVerificai-v rspunsurile la exerciiul 3 cu informaiile date de el.

20minutes+
La ce se refer frazele de mai jos? Gsii cuvntul corespunztor fiecreia. computer cinema aeroplane library 1 It goes quite fast: 460 miles per hour at 40,000 feet. 2 Speak quietly or you will disturb other people. 3 Generally it works quite well, but the printer isn't very good. 4 It came late again today. I had to wait on the platform for almost half an hour. 5 The film started early, and 1 missed the first few minutes. S train

Talking about quantity (1)


I Cum v pregtii s plecai n vacan? Ce luai de obicei cu dumneavoastr? /|7v 2 Ascultai nregistrarea. Mike i Amy pleac n vacan i discut despre V nevoie. Bifai (/) obiectele pe care le menioneaz. lucrurile de care au

Grammai
some / any
Folosim some ntr-o ntrebare pentru a ntri tonul pozitiv, mai ales cnd facem o ofert sau o cerere. Could you buy me some batteries? Folosim de obicei some n propoziii afirmative. We've got some sun cream. Folosim de obicei any n ntrebri i propoziii negative. Have you got any cash? We haven't got any traveller's cheques. 3 Ascultai din nou nregistrarea i completai propoziiile cu some sau any. 1 We've got .. .??rtf\e.. sun cream, so we don't need to buy ....4PM... of that. 2 What about traveller's cheques? We haven't got..........have we? 3 We've got............rolls of film l bought last year. 4 Well, in that case, we'll need...........batteries for it. 5 Could you buy me..............of those when you get the film? 6 We should take...............cash with us as well. 7 Have you got..................cash? 8 I'll get...............from the bank. 9 Would you like me to buy you..............books to read?
See Grammar Bank English in 20 minutes a day 211

4 Completai urmtoarele propoziii cu some sau any. 1 We've got.............flour and eggs. 2 Would you like.............more tea? 3 We can't go out because we haven't got..............money. 4 Have you got.................film forthe camera? 5 Nobody likes him. He hasn't got...............friends. 6 We've run out of sugar. Would you like me to get.............from the supermarket? 5 Ce credei c spun oamenii? Completai spaiile cu some sau any i cuvinte corespunztoare imaginilor.

Do you know?
Folosim deseori any i some mpreun cu thing (pentru obiecte) sau one (pentru persoane): anyone, someone, anything, something. Uitai-v n Grammar Bank. 1

T
Could you lend me...........................? Have we got...........................? Could you get me..................................? I can't post this. I haven't got............................ Would you like with your meal?

t
/5\ 6 Ascultai i repetai propoziiile din nregistrare. W* Verificai-v rspunsurile la exerciiul 5.

20minutes+
Completai propoziiile cu anyone, someone, anything sau something. 1 Can I get you......................to drink? 2 There wasn't.......................I knew at the party. 3 s there.........................you want from the shops? 4 Could you get me....................to eat? 5 1 haven't got.....................to wear for work. 6 I thought I saw.....................over there. 212 English in 20 minutes a day

Attention!
Stage 5
Seaside Mystery: Part 9
The story so far. Carlos and Yoshiko go to the police station and then on to Yoshiko's house to pick up some things. When they get there they see that the front door is open. The house is in a terrible mess. They go upstairs and find that Yoshiko's bedroom door is still Iocked. Just then they hear someone running down the stairs. Yoshiko looks out of the bedroom window. She thinks she sees Harry King running down the street. They are leaving the house when the telephone rings. When Carlos answers the phone the caller hangs up. I Rspundei la urmtoarele ntrebri legate de povestire. 1 Why do Carlos and Yoshiko go back to her house? 2 What do they notice when they get there? 3 What do they find when they go inside? 4 Who runs out of the house? 5 What happens as they are leaving the house? Toate aceste cuvinte i expresii apar n partea a noua a povestirii Bifai-le (/) pe cele pe care le tii deja. Vedei dac putei ghici ce nseamn celelalte, ascultnd povestirea. glad need make coffee robbed stuff suddenly dangerous shines relax lie down

English in 20 minutes a day

213

/T?L 3 Ascultai povestirea i bifai (/) dac aceste afirmaii w^ 1 Carlos lives very near the beach. 2 Yoshiko tells Peter what has happened. 3 Carlos and Yoshiko want to go back to the police. 4 Peter puts the plastic bag into the bin by the cafe. 5 Carlos phones Peter on his mobile. 6 Peter tells the others to wait for him. 7 Yoshiko follows Peter into the cafe. 8 The man finds the parcei in the bin. 9 The man gets into a car and drives off. 10 Carlos and Yoshiko decide to follow the man.
True False

sunt adevrate sau false.


Ie

m
iu

rv
Do you knowj
Putei folosi if pentru ceva de care nu suntei siguri: 1 didn't know if he was telling me the truth. Im not sure if I should teii you this. Sau pentru a vorbi despre constatarea unor lucruri: I wanted to see if he was still there. They wondered if they were too late.
iO

*
Ci:
H

4 Gsii cte un exemplu cu aceste dou folosiri ale lui if n partea a noua din Seaside Mystery. Scriei exemplele. d
*
ic

rs

214

English in 20 minutes a day

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fel Check your progress


Stage 5
Lesson 10
Aceast lecie v d prilejul s exersai ce ai nvat pn acum. Verificai-v rspunsurile i vedei ce progrese ai fcut. Scriei-v punctajul n chenare.

Functions
I Gsii corespondentul aciunilor din stnga Intre propoziiile din partea dreapt.
SCORE

.../14
> 1 telling somebody not to do something 2 making a polie negative request 3 telling somebody to do something 4 making a polie positive request 5 giving advice 6 giving instructions. 7 talking about quantity 8 asking about quantity a) Take a seat. b) You should go to the doctor. c) Don't open this door. d) First of all, plug it in. e) Have we got any batteries? f) Would you mind not talking to me like that? g) We've got some bananas. h) Please help me with this computer. 2 Citii urmtorul text. Privii propoziiile subliniate i alegei ntre a, b sau c. a) It is very important to do this. b) It is very important not to do this. c) It is not necessary to do this.

T:
"his is the new Zena digital camera. Like most cameras, (I) you must look after it. (2) You mustn't drop it as it breaks very easily. Also, (3) you mustn't leave it plugged into the computer for more than 30 minutes.The good news is it has its own internai power system, so (4) you don't have to buy batteries for it. But remember, (5) you must cover the lens when you aren't using the camera as this stops it from getting scratched. (6) You don't have to focus the lens. as the Zena does this for you. So relax and enjoy taking photos!

ZENA
digital cameras of the highest quality
<>e;
,1.-3

English in 20 minutes a day

215

Vocabulary
SCORE

.../10
>
3 Completai urmtoarele propoziii folosind unul dintre verbele din caset. have cross mumble drink make read charge drive pass 1 Don't...............or cover your mouth when speaking. 2 .................the instructions before filling out the form. 3 Please....................carefully through the town. 4 ...............plenty of water during the flight. 5 Make sure you.....................on time for the interview. 6 You look hungry.................a biscuit. 7 Never.....................the road here. 8 Please.....................me the salt. 9 Don't.....................so much noise! 10 You must.....................the batteries every day. arrive

Grammar
SCORE

.../16
>
4 1 2 3 4 5 6 5 1 2 3 4 5 Completai propoziiile cu some sau any. She hasn't got....................money. Would you like me to get..................milk from the supermarket? Have you got................film in your camera? Would you like................wine with your meal? Could you buy me..................coffee? They haven't got.................friends. Scriei forma adverbial a urmtoarelor adjective. quick ......................... slow ......................... angry ......................... good ......................... late ......................... 6 calm 7 early
8 happy 9 sudden 0 Ioud

30+ excellent ^ ^ ^ 24+ good % ^ / TOTAL .../40 > English in 20 minutes a day

20- more practice! ^

Talking about quantity (2)


1 Care dintre urmtoarele lucruri v place sau v displace? Punei o cifr ntre 1 i 5 alturi de fiecare (5 = foarte mult; 1 = deloc). eating chocolate playing video or computer games watching or playing football travelling by air watching television working 2 Gsii pentru propoziiile 1-6 corespondentul a-f. 1 ]oan and Brian like chocolate. 2 Tony, Mark, Brendan and Alan like football. 3 ]an, Mike, Claire, William and Peter like watching television, but lenny doesn't. 4 Gary, Tom and Val like playing video games, but Bob, Emma, Charles and Molly don't. 5 Geoff and |o dislike travelling by air. 6 Anne, Heidi, Susan and Joy dislike working.

a) b) c) d) e) f) Both of them like it. Neither of them like it. None of them like it. Some of them like it. Most of them like it. All of them like it.

Gramma
both / aii I
I neither I Folosim both, all, some, most, neither i none pentru a vorbi despre cantitate: <a) Both of them like it. (for two objects or people) <) All of them like it. (for more than two objects or people) <a> Some of them like it. <>&&&<& Most of them like it. Neither of them like it. (for two objects or people) QQQ None of them like it. (for more than two objects or people) 3 Citii ce scrie n paranteze i completai propoziiile cu unul dintre cuvintele de mai jos. all neither both three quarters half 1 ......P.^vt.....of them liked the film. (Bernie and Steve) 2 ..................of all hospitals need more money. (75%) 3 ..................of the money is missing. (50%) 4 ..................of them eat meat. (John and Sarah) 5 ..................of these eggs are broken. (100%) English in 20 minutes a day 217

&

4 Ascultai nregistrarea. Joe Samson i Sally Jenkins discut despre conferina companiei lor. n timp ce ascultai, privii programul de mai jos i bifai (/) dac propoziiile 1-8 sunt adevrate sau false.

APEX Industries Annual Conference


Pendlebury Hotel Tuesday 27 April
Programme of talks and events Time: Speaker and title of presentation 9.00 Andrew Kelly: The only way is up 9.30 Teresa Baker: Opening borders 10.00 Coffeebreak 10.15 Martin Morrisey: Two steps forward, one step back 10.45 Jane Temple: Business can be fun! 11.15 Coffeebreak 11.30 Wendy Appleby: Investing in the future 12.00 Liz Thompson: Cultural awareness in internaional business 12.30 Lunch 13.30 Questions and answers with the directors. 15.30 Workshop: Your ideas for expansion AII delegates are requested to be on time for all of the presentations.

1 Most of the speakers had to start their presentations late. 2 All of the presentations were too long. 3 All of the presentations were boring. 4 Neither Joe Samson nor Sally Jenkins thought Liz Thompson's presentation was good. 5 Both Joe and Sally thought the lunch was good. 6 The directors answered all of the delegates' questions. 7 None of the delegates missed the final workshop. 8 Both loe and Sally think they should teii their manager what they thought of the conference. True False

20 minutes+
Ascultai din nou nregistrarea, apoi completai spaiile din acest raport cu both, most, none sau some.
To: Charles Harrison, Manager From: Joe Samson, Sales and Marketing Re: Annual conference

APEX
This year's annual conference was a big disappointment, especially after last year's success. Here are the main problems that need to be addressed. ..........of the speakers had to start their presentations late because the first speaker took almost an hour. Fortunately, two of the speakers kept their talks short. ..........of the presentations were rather boring. The only exception was the final speaker, Liz Thompson, whose talk on cultural awareness was interesting and practicai. Sally Jenkins and I...........agree that the company needs more people like her. The directors answered............of the questions they were asked, and many of us felt that they were avoiding the important issues.

............of the delegates missed the workshop at the end of the afternoon. They were probably tired after the long morning.

218

English in 20 minutes a day

Attention!
Talking about quantity (3)
I

Stage 5

Cuvintele din caset au sau nu plural? Care nu au?

Do you know?
>

minute money milk mistake bread egg luggage apple orange food friend Un bun dicionar englez arat care cuvinte au plural (countable - C) i care nu au (uncountable - U).
--*..........mm <......m

Grammar:
Cnd vrem s vorbim despre o cantitate mare din ceva putem folosi a lot of (sau lots of), mucfi sau many. A lot of (sau lots of) poate fi folosit cu substantive cu sau fr plural i e folosit de obicei n propoziii afirmative. Vve got a lot of friends. She's got lots of money. Many poate fi folosit doar cu substantive care au plural, de obicei n ntrebri sau propoziii negative. How many friends have you got? I haven't got many friends. Much poate fi folosit doar cu substantive fr plural, de obicei n ntrebri sau propoziii negative.

Some poate fi folosit cu substantive cu sau fr plural i e folosit de obicei n propoziii afirmative. There is some milk in the glass.

How much money have you got? I haven't got much money.

2 Uitai-v n Grammar Box i citii urmtoarele propoziii. Bifai (/) propoziiile care sunt corecte. n celelalte, subliniai cuvintele incorecte i scriei deasupra cuvintele corecte. 1 There isn't many milk left; can you go and get some more? 2 How much luggage have you got? 3 She hasn't got some friends. 4 They made much mistakes in the report. 5 There weren't much people at the party. 6 There are lots of eggs in the fridge. Let's make a cake. 7 How many rice would you like? English in 20 minutes a day 219

3 Citii acest fragment dintr-o scrisoare i completai-1 folosind a lot of, many, much sau some. n unele cazuri sunt posibile mai multe rspunsuri. I started my new job last week. The company I work for has a small office in the city. There aren't ...W.4^... people there; just me and five others. The boss makes us work very hard and there are always..............things to do, so I don't get..............free time during the day; maybe half an hour for lunch and ten minutes for tea or coffee in the morning. This is a bit annoying, because there are ................good shops in the area, and you know how much I like shopping! On the other hand, they don't pay me very....................money, so it's probably just as well I don't get the chance to spend it! The good news is that I have managed to save.................. money for my holiday next month! 4 Completai propoziiile din stnga cu continuarea lor din coloana din dreapta. 1 We'd Iove to help you, but unfortunately we haven't got 2 You should visit London when you are in England. There are 3 I enjoy a good social life. I have 4 My social life isn't great. I don't have 5 We'll have to go to a restaurant for dinner. There isn't 6 Let's eat at home tonight. There's 5 Ascultai nregistarea i verificai-v rspunsurile la exerciiul 4. a) lots of food in the house. b) some really good friends. c) a lot of good museums that 1 would recommend. d) much food in the house. e) many friends. -f) much time before our train leaves.

20 minutes-f
Completai propoziiile cu cuvinte din caset. lots of things much money many friends some water some broken glass 1 Are you thirsty? There's....................................in the fridge. 2 He's unhappy. He hasn't got....................................... 3 Be careful! There's...................................on the floor. 4 I can't go out tonight. I haven't got.................................... 5 There are....................................that I don't like.
220 English in 20 minutes a day

Stage 5

Breakthrough 10
Rush hour!
1 Cum numii n romnete momentul cnd traficul este cel mai aglomerat? 2 Ascultai nregistrarea. Cum ajung la serviciu aceti oameni? Alegei dintre cuvintele din caset. by bicycle by bus by car on foot by motorbike by taxi by train by tube Speakerl ........................... Speaker 2........................... Speaker 3........................... Speaker 4........................... Speaker 5 ........................... Speaker 6........................... Speaker 7........................... Speaker 8........................... tG 5au t SaU ora. P^ete prin ^otoclclleti ' the tube:

denum

r--ZZX?!2?.
Londra. 221 English in 20 minutes a day

In the street
3 Privii fotografia principal de pe aceast pagin. Bifai (/) elementele din lista de mai jos pe care Ie vedei n ea. a pedestrian 'walk' sign a red traffic light a red bus a police officer a bus stop a black taxi an 'ahead only' road sign a cyclist 4 Combinai cuvinte din lista A cu cele din lista B pentru a obine lucruri pe care le vedei pe strad. Bifai-le (/) pe cele pe care le vedei pe aceast pagin. phone box (UK) phone booth (US) letterbox (UK) mailbox (US) A B parking entry letter litter pedestrian bus road traffic cycle road no box path bin works meter sign stop box lights

phone crossin roundabout (UK) traffic circle (US)

Where to stop
parking meter

Do you know?
Unele orae au ncercat s reduc numrul mainilor de pe strzi. Park and ride: parcri din afara oraului unde v putei parca maina i lua un autobuz pn n centrul oraului. Congestion charge n unele orae trebuie s pltii aceast tax pentru a putea intra cu maina n centrul oraului.

~HL
car park tram stop (UK) streetcar stop (US) 222 English in 20 minutes a day

litterbin (UK) trash can (US) water hydrant tunnel road works bench 'no entry' sign cycle path traffic island zebra crossing (UK) crosswalk sign (US) evel crossing (UK) railroad crossing (US) pedestrians pavement (UK) sidewalk (US) taxi crossroads pedestrian road kerb crossing English in 20 minutes a day 223

1o\ 5 Privii aceast hart a centrului unui ora. Ascultai nregistrarea unui buletin de trafic la radio W identificai locurile cu probleme de pe hart. Folosii expresii din caset. accident road works fire bus breakdown traffic lights out new roundabout being built
^ underground route <]> trouble spot

6 Privii harta i completai aceste indicaii care s-1 ajute pe ofer s ajung din punctul A n punctul B evitnd locurile cu probleme. To avoid the trouble spots, turn left before the (1)...................and go along Hope Street. When you get to the end, turn right into Green Street. Go straight over at the (2)...................lights, then turn immediately (3) ...................into a one-way street called Brick Lane. At the end of Brick Lane you can turn (4)...................into the Ringway. Follow the Ringway to the next (5) ...................and turn left. That's the road out of town.

20minutes+
Gsii rspunsul corect a-g la ntrebrile 1-7. 1 Why are you so late? a) Well, we don't want to get caught in the rush hour. 2 Why are we leaving so early, Dad? b) No, you can't. Look, it's no entry. Try the next turning. 3 Are the trains on time today? c) They're carrying out some major road works. 4 The road's closed. What can we do? d) Yes, my car's at the garage today. 5 Why is this road closed? e) We have to take a different route. 6 Are you going to work by bus? f) No, I'm afraid they're running late today. 7 Can I turn left here? g) I got stuck in a terrible traffic jam. English in 20 minutes a day 224

ivr-

Attention!
Beadei IVDigt

IR
Making suggestions and talking about probability
I Citii urmtorul dialog. Completai ultima propoziie cu cuvintele dumneavoastr. CAMILLE: I'm having some problems with this newspaper article. PABLO: What sort of problems? CAMILLE: Well, there are so many words I don't understand. Can you help me? PABLO: YOU don't need my help. If you don't understand something...............

Grammar
londitionals (I) S.k'e-UX.
EVDig,

LF
Jigea

Propoziiile condiionale se folosesc pentru a face sugestii i a arta relaia dintre dou aciuni. Partea condiional a frazei conine if + prezentul simplu.
1/ you don't understand a word, look it up in a dictionary. \f you can read this, you don't need glasses.

Putem folosi i verbe precum might i should pentru a vorbi despre rezultate posibile.
\fyou ask me, I might help you. \f you plug in the TV, it should work. See Grammar Bank

m
j^l> 2 Ascultai nregistrarea. Directorul unui colegiu de management W^ Completai indicaiile de mai jos.
fie. caile

le vorbete studenilor.

ier's English in 20 minutes a day

225

^22^ 3 Ascultai nregistrarea. Un medic le vorbete pacienilor. Ascultai fiecare dialog i stabilii care dintre propoziiile de mai jos poate fi folosit pentru a completa fiecare dialog. 1 If you cut down now, you should start to feel much better. [ 2 You might feel more relaxed if you take a holiday. [ 3 If you take two tablets, three times a day, it should clear up. [ 4 lf I remove it, your hearing should return to normal. [ 5 He might die if we don't operate immediately. [ 6 If you do some gentle exercise, you should lose a few kilos. |_ 4 Ce sfat ai da n urmtoarele situaii? I'm late. I'm going to miss my bus! 've got a terrible headache. The computer isn't working again. Poor Fido doesn't look very well. /2J\ 5 Ascultai nregistrarea i vedei ce sfaturi W^ sunt date pentru situaiile de mai sus. This plant doesn't look very healthy. WO-RLJ> POVVER US: family doctor = medic , de familie clinic = clinic UK: general practitioner (GP) surgery

20minutes+
Iat alte rspunsuri posibile pentru situaiile de la exerciiul 4. Gsii pentru fiecare situaia echivalent. 1 Would you like to borrow my laptop? [ 2 He's just thirsty. Give him some water. [ 3 Why don't you lie down for half an hour? |_ 4 Don't worry. Let me give you a lift in my car. [ 5 Move it outside into the garden. [ English in 20 minutes a day

Attention!
Stage 5
Talking about cause and result
1 V influeneaz publicitatea? Cumprai produse datorit promisiunilor din reclame? V-au dezamgit vreodat rezultatele? 2 Citii denumirile produselor i serviciilor din caset i anunurile publicitare de mai jos. Citii fiecare anun i completai denumirea produsului sau serviciului aferent. Gizmo washing powder Greenback International Bank Shanghai House Restaurant Cheapies supermarket jamaica - the ultimate holiday experience

O
For whites that are whiter than the whitest white! Special offer until April 17: If you buy two packets, ... DOES YOUR BANK ACCOUNT PAY YOU AS MUCH INTEREST AS OURS? IF YOU OPEN A SAVINGS ACCOUNT
WITH US, ...

O
Golden sandy beaches, turquoise seas, blue skies. A holiday on our magical island has it all. In fact,we believe that if you have a holiday here, ...

DO

you en joa

chinese Food? IP you come no v$, we euarantee...


Fed up with paying too much at your local shop? For the cheapest prices around, come to us first! In fact, a recent newspaper survey has discovered that if you shop with us,...

Grammar:
Cnd vrem s spunem c o aciune s-ar putea petrece n viitor, iar o alt aciune depinde de prima, folosim un condiional.
1/ it's a nice day tomorrow, we'll go for a picnic.

Putem folosi de asemenea dorit i won't.


If you dorit buy our latest computer, you woril know what you're missing. See Grammar Bank English in 20 minutes a day 227

3 Citii din nou anunurile de la exerciiul 2 i completai-1 pe fiecare cu una din frazele de mai jos. Completai n chenar litera anunului corect. 1 .. .you'll eat some of the best noodle, rice and seafood dishes this side of the East! [ 2 ... you'll never go anywhere else for your annual break! [ 3 .. .you'll save up to 20% on your shopping bill. | 4 ... you'll earn an incredible 4.5% while you are in credit, and only pay 7% on loans. [_ 5 .. .you'll get a third absolutely free! [ 4 Gsii In coloana din dreapta continuarea propoziiilor din stnga. 1 If we leave early 2 If it's a nice day tomorrow, 3 If you don't go to bed now, 4 If Susanne agrees to help us, 5 If it rains tomorrow, 6 If I don't caii tonight, 7 If you come to my place tonight, 8 If you go to Paris, 9 If you don't stop smoking, 10 If the computer doesn't work, a) we'll get the job done more quickly. b) I'II ring you tomorrow morning instead. c) you'll become ill. d) 111 buy a new one. e) 111 cook us something really nice. f) you'll see the Eiffel Tower. g) we won't go to the beach. h) we'll go for a picnic. i) you'll feel really tired tomorrow. j) we'll get there on time.

20minutes+
Folosii cuvintele de mai jos pentru a face propoziii condiionale. 1 You / go / Greasy Joe's / eat / tradiional British food

%J. H?H 9p. ."&?, .(^etfS-l. .yfeeS, Lpu'll eat tradiional Britisk opc\.
2 3 4 5 6 I / see / Pam / give her / your / best wishes You / lend / me / 100 / I / return it / tomorrow You're / late / tomorrow /1 / be / really angry Tony / doesn't / work hard / fail / the test You / don't / wake up on time / miss / the train English in 20 minutes a day

228

Attention!
Stage 5
Describing how something is done
1 Folosii vreodat reete cnd gtii? Vi se pare uor s urmai indicaiile dintr-o reet? 2 Gsii n caset cuvintele corespunztoare imaginilor. Cutai n Word Bank cuvintele pe care nu le tii. peel crush mix spoon spread grate sprinkle chop (x2) rinse bake slice 3 Ascultai nregistrarea. Vei auzi pe cineva explicnd cum se fac nite pizza simple. n timp ce ascultai, gsii n coloana stng verbul corespunztor fiecrei propoziii din dreapta. a) it in a medium-hot oven for about 20 minutes. b) the cheese. c) the herbs under a cold tap. d) the herbs and red pepper into small pieces. e) the garlic. f) the bread in half lengthways. g) it on top of the tomato sauce. h) the tomato mixture over the bread. i) the tomato paste, garlic, salt and pepper together in a bowl. j) the mixture evenly so that it covers the bread. 1 Peel and crush .......... 2 Mix 3 Slice 4 Spoon 5 Spread 6 Grate 7 Sprinkle 8 Rinse 9 Chop 0 Bake English in 20 minutes a day 229

Grarrn
Passive forms (I)

I
Cnd spunem cum se face ceva, dar nu e nevoie s spunem cine face (sau nu tim cine face), folosim deseori forma pasiv a verbului. Aceasta este util pentru a descrie procese. Pasivul se formeaz folosind to be + un participiu trecut. First of all, you peel and crush the garlic. (active) First of all, the garlic is crushed and peeled. (passive)
See Grammar Bank

4 Ascultai din nou nregistrarea. Apoi completai reeta de mai jos folosind forma pasiv corect a verbelor de la exerciiul 3. EASY RECIPE N 12 It's really easy to make these pizzas. First of all, the tomato paste, garlic, salt and pepper (1) ..<9T.0AiS&L together in a bowl. Then the bread (2)..............lengthways, and the tomato mixture (3)..............over the bread. The mixture (4)............... evenly using a spoon or knife, then the cheese (5).................. and (6)..................on top of the mixture. The herbs (7)..................under a cold tap, and then the herbs and red pepper (8)..................into small pieces. These are placed on top of the cheese, and the whole thing (9)....................in a medium-hot oven for about 20 minutes. 5 Care sunt participiile trecute ale acestor verbe? 1 eat ...ert?T>... 5 sell................. 2 drink................ 6 show................ 3 use............... 7 send ................ 4 make.................. 8 grow................

How to say it
Cuvntul recipe are trei silabe: re-ci-pe.

20 mnutes+
Completai propoziiile 1-8 cu forma pasiv a unuia dintre verbele de la exerciiul 5 i cu continuarea din coloana din dreapta. 1 A lot of cookery programmes 2 Sushi, sashimi and sukiyaki 3 Melons, bananas, strawberries and mangoes 4 In Britain, champagne 5 Bananas 6 They 7 Bread 8 Salt and pepper a) ..................from cereals such as wheat or corn. b) ..................to season food. c) ..................in a greengrocers. d) ..................in tropical countries. e) ..................at weddings or other special events. -f) 4T...f>A*>. on British television. g ..................in lapan. h) ..................all over the world.
i

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Attention!
Stage
Describing something that is happening now
I Privii urmtoarele plcue. Ce nseamn? Gsii pentru fiecare definiia corespunztoare.

e o o
Be careful: cleaning in progress Beware: Wet Paint!
No entry: Interview in progress

Do not use: under maintenance


Do not enter: Exam in progress J A Be careful because someone is painting the room. j B Don't use this machine because someone is repairing it. J C Be careful because someone is cleaning the room. J D Don't enter this room because someone is conducting an interview. J E Don't enter this room because someone is taking an exam. 2 Citii propoziiile A-E de la exerciiul 1 i trecei-le la pasiv. A Be careful because the room i i?eina ipw\ed. B Don't use this machine because it

C Be careful because the room D Don't enter this room because an interview

Passive forms (2)


Cnd vrem s spunem c ceva are loc acum, dar nu e nevoie s spunem cine face aciunea, putem folosi pasivul. Acesta se formeaz folosind is / are being + participiu trecut. Someone is decorating rny house. (active) My house is being decorated. (passive) See Grammar Bank E Don't enter this room because an exam 3 Completai propoziiile cu unul dintre verbele din caset. Folosii forma pasiv corect! 1 My living room......'...hp?>.. f^Pr&ed..... 2 My car is at the garage. It............................................. 3 A new office block...........................................in the town centre. 4 The old photocopier........................................with a new one. 5 The weather's really bad, so no football matches ...........................................today. 6 I can't decide what to watch on TV. So many good programmes ...............................at the moment. 7 Be careful! We...........................................by that security camera. 8 Our old office building.........................................., so we're moving to a new one nearby. show demolish replace watch build play decorate repair 231

English in 20 minutes a day

Do you know? Exist mai multe cuvinte i expresii pe care le putem folosi n loc de now. right now: I want to see you in my office right now. (adugarea lui right ntrete cuvntul now) at the moment: She's a bit busy at the moment. (n clipa asta) at present: At present, we have no plns for the company. (este o exprimare oficial) currently: He's currently working in Canada, (probabil c situaia va dura mai mult timp) /25N 4 Ascultai nregistrarea. Vei auzi un director, pe Mr Meilor, vorbind cu secretara. w Punei aciunile din poze n ordinea n care sunt menionate.

20minutes+
Ascultai din nou nregistrarea i completai propoziiile folosind formele corecte ale cuvintelor din caset. clean remove put in repair decorate install use interview 1 He can't see Ms Edwards because she .. J.. i?Wf).. V^C^P^... by someone from the local radio station. 2 He can't use his office because it's............................................... 3 He can't use room 17 because new furniture........................................... 4 He can't use room 21 because it.......................................by Mr Walton. 5 He can't use room 28 because a new computer....................................... 6 He can't use room 35 because the windows......................................... 7 He can't have a coffee because the machine..................................... 8 He can't sit in his car because it......................................by the police. 232 English in 20 minutes a day

Wl
'Den 'IVf..

Attention!
Stage
K*-l

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Teii me about them


I Ascultai nregistrarea. Le vei auzi pe Helen i Cathy vorbind despre persoanele din fotografie. V dai seama cine e fiecare? ]ohn Susanna Thomas Brendan Molly From left to right, they are:

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2 n partea a doua a conversaiei, Cathy i spune lui Helen mai multe despre cei cu care lucreaz. Ascultai cu atenie i rspundei la ntrebrile de mai jos folosind numele de la exerciiul 1. 1 Who is not in the office very often?........?r:?~V?........ 2 Who believes his / her job is very important?............................... 3 Who never has any money?.................................. 4 Who makes Cathy a bit frightened?............................. 5 Who works fourteen hours a day?.................................... 6 Who employs or dismisses workers?..................................... 7 Who always arrives on time?................................... 8 Who can't keep awake in the afternoon?.................................
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Dup anumite adjective folosim prepoziii. Prepoziiile depind de adjectivul pe care l folosim i de context.
He's very good at tennis. This sun cream is good for uour skin. See Grammar Bank

How to say it
Rostii aceste propoziii din nregistrare:
I Iove her hair. I wouldrit dare. VJhat is he wearing?

Hair, dare i wear sun aproape la fel, dar se scriu diferit. English in 20 minutes a day

3 Ai auzit urmtoarele propoziii n nregistrarea de la exerciiul 2. V amintii prepoziiile folosite dup fiecare adjectiv? Alegei dintre cele din caset. about
at

from with
of

for

Do you know?
1 I'm a bit frightened . .<?J... her. 2 She's always satisfied........my work. 3 She's so serious........her job. 4 She's responsible........taking on new employees. 5 He's always short........cash. 6 He's good........his job. 7 He's often absent........the office. 8 I'm quite fond ........him. 9 He's famous........falling asleep at his desk. 10 He's totally different........everyone else. fli\ 4 Ascultai din nou nregistrarea i verificai-v rspunsurile. Dac nu suntei un angajat bun, firma v poate sack, fire, dismiss sau get rid of you, sau give you the sack. Dismiss este mai oficial dect celelalte cuvinte i expresii. Dac firma pentru care lucrai nu merge foarte bine, poate s lay you off sau make you redundant. Dac nu avei serviciu, suntei unemployed.
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20 minutes+
Citii aceste fragmente i completai spatiile cu o prepoziie

The new din caset. Nokasonic N567 mobile phone in as to (x2) on at with of(x3) is the same........ the N285, with fc ^^ one exception Coi^r*tulAtioitf! %f ! wou|d )ike t() work for an incredible Vbwr C.XAM re.$i\\tz Are. your company because I am \ 280-hour battery! wowterful. WeVe both interested........computers very prod ..<?.. you. f andinformation technology, 7 ' and I am very good........ Love MIAM A*d DAd working with others. I am Oparticularly keen........ I Q workinq with the latest f . .. H Sveryo*. was tWe. Add 1 pint of milk t0 the developments in...

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In 1998 Dave decided he was tired........working second bafay... lor a COmpany where his chances of promotion were so limited, but he was afraid........losing a regular salary, so he moved to
English in 20 minutes a day

Describing an action
/2sV I Ascultai nregistarea. Vei auzi cteva persoane dintr-un birou vorbind W^ n zece situaii diferite. Stabilii ce face fiecare persoan. 1 Martin is 2 Sally is 3 Tony is 4 lim is 5 Dolores is 6 loan is 7 Helena is 8 Don is 9 Adam is 10 Jane is a) ringing someone back. b) thanking somebody for help. c) picking up the post. d) talking about the latest sales figures e) asking for some time off. -f) ringing for some sandwiches. g) thinking about his holiday. h) looking for her mobile phone. i) apologising for coming late. j) talking to her boss.

Grarm
Prepositions after verbs Dup unele verbe, folosim prepoziii. Prepoziia depinde de verbul pe care l folosim i de context. You should apologise for breaking his cup. He apologised to his boss for coming late. See Grammar Bank II nseam pe cineva Ring, phone si ca|| nseamn toate a contacta prin telefon. 2 V amintii ce prepoziii merg cu fiecare verb? Acoperii exerciiul 1 i completai urmtoarele propoziii folosind prepoziia adecvat. 1 Let me ring ....jPf... a taxi to take you to the station. 2 Hilary called while you were out. Could you ring her..................? 3 I am writing to apologise....................sending you the wrong products. 4 l'd like to begin the conference by talking.............our plns for the company over the next five years. 5 Anna needs to talk.............you today. 6 We're looking.................a solution to our current office-space problem. 7 Could you go to the warehouse and pick...........the new brochures when they arrive? 8 My boss believes it's time to think...............taking on more staff to help in the office. 9 1 am writing to ask.............some information on your latest laserjet printer. 10 Thank you...............the help you gave us when we visited you last week. English in 20 minutes a day 235

, 3 Ascultai din nou nregistrarea. Bifai (/) dac urmtoarele afirmaii sunt adevrate sau false. 1 Martin orders four chicken sandwiches. 2 Sally was in the office when Mr Jenkins phoned. 3 Mr Meilor is not happy with Tony's excuses. 4 Jim's company made a profit of 2 million. 5 Dolores tells Mr Meilor there was a phone caii from Montreal. 6 loan called her sister a few minutes ago. 7 Frank tells Helena there isn't any post for the sales department. 8 Don went to Spain last year. 9 Adam is moving house next month. 10 ]ane is really grateful to Sarah. 4 Citii aceste extrase din reclame. La ce fac publicitate? Alegei dintre opiunile din caset. a radio station a television programme an insurance company a magazine a job a bank
True False


FOI*


the tatest in

For more information and an application form, write to the personnel manager at PO Box 100, London W3 8NJ.

music and songs. listen to the pete wade show on 97.SFm!

Short of cash?
Let the Westlake help. Why not stop by today and pick up a brochure with our latest interest rates?

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Well, there are million.s of people who do. Wateh WalkiniMithOhogts' tonicii at 9 o'eloek. Seeind is tielievini!

Are you worried about your car being stoen? Losing your money on holiday? Let us help you. Caii 0237 7643814 now, and talk to one of our advisers.

20 minutes+

Acoperii reclamele de mai sus. Nu v uitai la ele. V amintii ce prepoziii pot fi folosite pentru a completa urmtoarele propoziii? 1 Write.............the personnel manager at PO Box 100, London W3 8N). 2 For the latest in music and songs, listen..............the Pete Wade show on 97.5FM! 3 Why not stop by today and pick..............a brochure with our latest interest rates? 4 Subscribe now by phoning 355 1299 and asking.............Louise. 5 Do you believe.................ghosts? 6 Caii 0237 7643814 now, and talk...............one of our advisers.
English in 20 minutes a day

Attention!
Stage 5
Seaside Mystery: Part 10
The story so far. Carlos and Yoshiko go to where Carlos is staying on the other side of town. Carlos calls Peter to teii him about the mess at Yoshiko's and the man they saw running out of the house. They teii Peter how frightened they are. The next day they go to the beach and wait for Peter to come. They see him walk towards the cafe and put a bag into a rubbish bin. Then he goes into the cafe. A man comes and takes the bag and goes off in a car. Carlos phones Peter to teii him the man has collected the money. I Rspundei la urmtoarele ntrebri legate de povestire. 1 Where does Carlos live? 2 What does Carlos want Peter to know? 3 Where do the students go the next day? 4 What does Peter do? 5 What does the man do?
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/2?V 2 Toate aceste cuvinte i expresii apar Tn partea a zecea a povestirii W Bifai-le (/) pe cele pe care le tii deja. Vedei dac putei ghici ce nseamn celelalte, ascultnd povestirea. Wait! angry worried check empty key incredible enough wrong too late

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lt's a long story: sunt multe de spus pe tema asta. English in 20 minutes a day 237

/2\ 3 Ascultai din nou povestirea i gsii continuarea corect a propoziiilor W 1 The plastic bag has got 2 Yoshiko is worried 3 The three students 4 Mrs King comes 5 Yoshiko is very surprised 6 Harry got into trouble 7 Harry didn't want 8 Mrs King is 9 The men are going to be 10 They hear somebody a) go back to Mrs King's house. b) knocking loudly on the door. c) to see Mrs King. d) to use a gun in the robbery. e) sorry she took Yoshiko's money. f) newspapers and magazines in it. g) into the room. h) very angry when they open the ba i) about Mrs King. j) in Australia.

din coloana stng.

Do you know?
Must poate fi folosit pentru a exprima importana unei aciuni: You must come home at once Sau pentru a exprima o credin puternic n ceva sau cineva: She must be very prou of you. 4 Gsii exemple cu aceste dou ntrebuinri ale lui must n partea a zecea a povestirii. English in 20 minutes a day

Check your progress


Stage 5
Lesson 20
Aceast lecie v d prilejul s exersai ce ai nvat pn acum. Verificai-v rspunsurile i vedei ce progrese ai fcut. Scriei-v punctajul n chenare.

Functions
SCORE

.../14
> | Gsii continuarea propoziiilor 1-6 ntre propoziiile A-F. 1 Mike and Aii dislike working........ 2 John, lenny, Sue, Harry and Wendy like playing video games, but Bob doesn't..... 3 Andrew and Sally like going out to dinner.......... 4 Mike, Aii, Andrew, Harry and Alan like watching television........ 5 Mike, Aii, Andrew, Harry and Alan dislike washing the dishes........ 6 Tom, Liz and Val like going to the beach, but Emma, )ane, Nick and Harry don't. . A Both of them like it. D Some of them like it. B Neither of them like it. E Most of them like it. C None of them like it. F All of them like it. 2 Gsii corespondentul aciunilor din stnga ntre propoziiile din partea dreapt. 1 talking about a large quantity of something 2 talking about a small quantity of something 3 making a suggestion 4 talking about a possible result 5 describing a process 6 describing something that is happening now 7 using a preposition to talk about time 8 using a preposition to talk about location a) If you don't understand a word, look it up in the dictionary. b) The video is on the table. c) She has lots of money. d) He gets to work at 8 o'clock. e) First of all, the cheese is grated on top of the bread. f) We've got some apples in the refrigerator. g) You might feel more relaxed if you take a holiday. h) My house is being decorated at the moment.

Vocabulary
SCORE

.../16
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3 Citii acest fragment dintr-o scrisoare i completai-1 folosind many, much, a lot of sau some. n unele cazuri sunt posibile mai multe rspunsuri. There are (1)..................good museums and other things to see. I'm here with (2).............friends (Ann, Jane and Elaine) and we are having (3).................fun. We don't have (4).............free time because we are out all day. Unfortunately, there aren't (5) ..............beaches but the one in front of the hotel is nice. I'm not a good photographer but I have taken (6) ...............good photographs! English in 20 minutes a day 239

4 Alegei cuvntul sau expresia corect din caseta de mai jos pentru a completa propoziiile. currently peel if any half phone bake should at the moment mix 1 First of aii, you.................the garlic. 2 Can you....................me back? 3 They're very busy.................................. 4 ........................the pizza for twenty minutes. 5 You'll be late for work.....................you don't hurry up. 6 She's...........................writing a new play. 7 Do you have.................milk? 8 ...................the tomatoes, garlic and onions together in a bowl. 9 Nearly.................the delegates missed the final workshop. 10 If you do some exercise, you.................lose some weight. 5 Trecei propoziiile de mai jos la forma pasiv. 1 Someone is decorating the office. 2 Someone is repairing the computer. 3 Someone is cleaning the living room. 4 Someone is building a house. 6 Completai propoziiile cu una din prepoziiile din caset. up of about for back with 1 She apologised...............being late. 2 The boss is not happy.................. Harry's work. 3 Nick called while you were out. Can you ring him............ 4 I'd like to talk................our holiday plns. 5 He's very fond.............her. 6 I need to pick..............the post as soon as I get to work.