Sunteți pe pagina 1din 17

Curs: English - Intermediate

Modul: Present Simple and Present Continuous Tense


Unitate: Present Simple and Present Continuous Tense

The Present Simple Tense (timpul prezent simplu)


Present Simple Tense (timpul prezent simplu) se formeaz de la forma
verbului la infinitiv (infinitiv fr to). De exemplu, infinitiv cu to a
verbului a lucra sun to work ,iar infinitivul fr to sun work.
Pentru toate persoanele, n afar de persoana a treia singular forma
afirmativ a timpului prezent simplu sun work. Pentru persoana a
treia se adaug s.
Forma afirmativ
singular
plural
I work Eu lucrez
We work Noi lucrm
You work Tu lucrezi
You work Voi lucrai
He works El lucreaz They work Ei lucreaz
She works Ea lucreaz
It works- El lucreaz
Terminaia -s la persoana a treia singular poate avea diferite forme.
Dac verbul se termin cu vocala o continuarea va suna -es, ca n
exemplul verbului go care la persoana a treia singular sun goes, sau
verbul do, care la persoana a treia singular sun does.
Dac verbul se termin n -ch, -sh, -x, -ss, terminaia deasemenea
sun -es. De exemplu:
He teaches (teach - a preda).
She washes (wash - a spla).
He kisses (kiss - a sruta).
She fixes (fix - a repara).

Dac verbul se termin n y i dac n faa lui se afl o consoan, y


trece n ie. De exemplu:

Copyright Link group

1 / 17

Curs: English - Intermediate


Modul: Present Simple and Present Continuous Tense
Unitate: Present Simple and Present Continuous Tense

He cries (cry - a plnge).


It flies (fly - a zbura).

Dac n fa este vocala -y ,nu sunt schimbri.


She plays (play - a se juca).
He stays (stay - a rmne).

Excepie face verbul have (a avea) care la persoana a treia sun has.

Forma interogativ
Forma interogativ a verbului la Present Simple Tense se face de la
verbul auxiliar Do, respectiv Does (pentru persoana a treia singular) i
a formei de baz a verbului principal. Toate ntrebrile n limba
englez se mpart n ntrebrile Yes/No i Wh-. Yes/No nu au forma
interogativ i la ele se poate rspunde cu Da sau Nu. ntrebrile Whncep cu cuvntul interogativ, iar acestea sunt: when, what, why,
where, how, how much, how many...

Forma interogativ- Yes/No questions


singular
plural
Do I work? Eu lucrez? Do we work? Noi
lucrm?
Do you work? Tu
Do you work? Voi
lucrezi?
lucrai?
Does he work? El
Do they work? Ei
lucreaz?
lucreaz?
Does she work? Ea

Copyright Link group

2 / 17

Curs: English - Intermediate


Modul: Present Simple and Present Continuous Tense
Unitate: Present Simple and Present Continuous Tense

lucreaz?
Does it work? El
lucreaz?

La ntrebrile Yes/No se rspunde cu rspunsuri scurte (Short


answers) n felul urmtor:
singular
Do I work? Yes, I do / No, I
don't
Do you work? Yes, you do /
No, you don't.
Does he work? Yes, he does
/ No, he doesn't
Does she work? Yes, she
does / No, she doesn't
Does it work? Yes, it does /
No, it doesn't

plural
Do we work? - Yes, we do /
No, we don't
Do you work? Yes, you do /
No, you don't
Do they work? Yes, they do
/No, they don't

Forma interogativ Wh- questions


singular
Where do I work? Unde
lucrez eu?
Where do you work?
Unde lucrezi tu?
Where does he work?
Unde lucreaz el?
Where does she work?
Unde lucreaz ea?
Where does it work?
Unde lucreaz el?

plural
Where do we work?
Unde lucrm noi?
Where do you work?
Unde lucrai voi?
Where do they work? Unde lucreaz ei?

Forma negativ

Copyright Link group

3 / 17

Curs: English - Intermediate


Modul: Present Simple and Present Continuous Tense
Unitate: Present Simple and Present Continuous Tense

Forma negativ se face de la forma negativ a verbului ajuttor Do


(respectiv Does pentru persoana a treia singular) i forma de baz a
verbului principal.

singular
plural
I do not (don't) work Eu We do not (don't) work
nu lucrez
Noi nu lucrm
You do not (don't) work You do not (don't) work
Tu nu lucrezi
Voi nu lucrai
He does not (doesn't)
They do not (don't) work
work El nu lucreaz
Ei nu lucreaz
She does not (doesn't)
work Ea nu lucreaz
It does not (doesn't)
work El nu lucreaz

ntrebuinare
Timpul prezent simplu se folosete pentru:
1. Lucruri care se repet (obinuine,obiceiuri, rutine)
I get up at 6 oclock. - Eu m trezesc la ora 6.
She wears uniform at work. - Ea mbrac uniforma la lucru.
The English drink tea at 5 oclock in the afternoon. - Englezii
beau ceai la ora 5 dup amiaz.

n acest sens se pot folosi i adverbele i fraze pentru frecven


(cuvinte care arat ct de des se ntmpl lucrul). Acestea sunt:
always - ntotdeauna

Copyright Link group

4 / 17

Curs: English - Intermediate


Modul: Present Simple and Present Continuous Tense
Unitate: Present Simple and Present Continuous Tense

usually - de obicei
often - des
sometimes - cteodat
never - niciodat
every day - n fiecare zi
every month - n fiecare lun
every year - n fiecare an etc.
once a year - o dat pe an
twice a day - de dou ori pe zi
three times a week -de trei ori pe sptmn etc.

Adverbele always, usually, often, sometimes, never vin naitea


verbului principal n forma afirmativ. Frazele every day, every
month, twice a year... cel mai des vin la sfritul propoziiei.
I always go to school at 8 oclock in the morning. - Eu merg
ntotdeauna la coal la ora 8 dimineaa.
She usually drinks tea in the evening. - Ea de obicei bea ceai
seara.
We never eat in the living room. - Noi nu mncm niciodat n
sufragerie.

2. Adevruri generale (ceva ce este ntotdeauna corect)


People change money in banks. - Oamenii schimb banii la
banc.
A day has 24 hours. - Ziua are 24 de ore.
The Earth goes around the Sun. - Pmntul se nvrte n jurul
Soarelui.
The Danube flows into the Black Sea. - Dunrea se vars n
Marea Neagr.

Copyright Link group

5 / 17

Curs: English - Intermediate


Modul: Present Simple and Present Continuous Tense
Unitate: Present Simple and Present Continuous Tense

3. Caracteristicile subiectului:
He speaks English very well. - El vorbete bine engleza.
My sister plays the piano. - Soara mea cnt la pian.

Present Continuous Tense (timpul prezent continuu)


Present Continuous Tense (timpul prezent continuu) se face de la
verbul TO BE n timpul Prezent Simplu adic is /am /are + present
participle (participiu prezent) a verbului principal.
Participiul prezent se face atunci cnd la infinitiv se adaug
terminaia ing:
go going
sleep sleeping
work working

Dac verbul se termin cu o consoan, n faa creia st o vocal,


ultima consoan din faa ing se dubleaz. De exemplu:
hit a lovi
stop a se opri
permit a permite
begin a ncepe

particip: hitting
particip: stopping
particip: permitting
particip: beginning

l de la sfrsit ntotdeauna se dubleaz. De exemplu:


travel a cltori

Copyright Link group

particip: travelling

6 / 17

Curs: English - Intermediate


Modul: Present Simple and Present Continuous Tense
Unitate: Present Simple and Present Continuous Tense

Forma de confirmare
singular
I am working Eu lucrez
You are working Tu
lucrezi
He is working El
lucreaz
She is working Ea
lucreaz
It is working El lucreaz

plural
We are working Noi
lucrm
You are working Voi
lucrai
They are working Ei
lucreaz

Forma interogativ
Forma interogativ Yes/No questions
singular
Am I working? Eu
lucrez?
Are you working? Tu
lucrezi?
Is he working? El
lucreaz?
Is she working? Ea
lucreaz?
Is it working? El
lucreaz?

plural
Are we working? Noi
lucrm?
Are you working? Voi
lucrai?
Are they working? Ei
lucreaz?

La ntrebrile Yes/No se dau rspunsuri scurte (Short answers) n


felul urmtor:
singular
Am I working? Yes, I am /
No, I`m not

Copyright Link group

plural
Are we working? - Yes, we are
/ No, we arent

7 / 17

Curs: English - Intermediate


Modul: Present Simple and Present Continuous Tense
Unitate: Present Simple and Present Continuous Tense

Are you working? Yes, you Are you working? Yes you
are / No, you arent
are / No, you arent
Is he working? Yes, he is /
No, he isnt
Is she working? Yes, she is /
No, she isnt
Is it working? Yes, it is / No,
it isnt

Forma interogativ Wh- questions


singular
Where am I working?Unde lucrez eu?
Where are you working?
Unde lucrezi tu?
Where is he working?
Unde lucreaz el?
Where is she working?
Unde lucreaz ea?
Where is it working?
Unde lucreaz el?

plural
Where are we working?
Unde lucrm noi?
Where are you working?
Unde lucrai voi?
Where are they working?
Unde lucreaz ei?

Forma negativ
Forma negativ a timpului prezent continuu se formeaz de la forma
negativ a verbului auxiliar TO BE la timpul prezent i participiu
prezent al verbului principal.
singular
I am not (I'm not)
working Eu nu lucrez
You are not (aren't)
working Tu nu lucrezi
He is not (isn't) working

Copyright Link group

plural
We are not (aren't)
working Noi nu lucrm
You are not (aren't)
working Voi nu lucrai
They are not (aren't)

8 / 17

Curs: English - Intermediate


Modul: Present Simple and Present Continuous Tense
Unitate: Present Simple and Present Continuous Tense

El nu lucreaz
working Ei nu lucreaz
She is not (isn't) working
Ea nu lucreaz
It is not (isn't) working
El nu lucreaz

ntrebuinare
Timpul prezent simplu continuu se folosete pentru:
Lucrul care se ntmpl n timpul vorbirii, de aceea pe lng el se
gsesc des adverbe de timp now (acum) i at the moment(n
acest moment):
She is reading a book at the moment. - Ea citete
deocamdat cartea.
Lucru temporar:
We're living in my sister's flat until we find a new house to
buy. - Locuim n casa surorii mele pn nu gsim o cas
nou s cumprm.
Planurile legate de viitor:
I am visiting my sister next weekend. - La sfritul
sptmnii viitoare o voi vizita pe sora mea.

Verbele care nu se folosesc la timpul prezent continuu


Un numr de verbe nu poate fi utilizat cel mai des n timpuri continue:
hear a auzi

see a vedea
taste a gusta
smell a mirosi
remember a-i aminti

Copyright Link group

9 / 17

Curs: English - Intermediate


Modul: Present Simple and Present Continuous Tense
Unitate: Present Simple and Present Continuous Tense

understand a nelege
wish a dori
want a vrea
know a ti, etc.

Acestea se folosesc n loc de prezent simplu continuu, n prezent


simplu.
I hear a noise in the next room. - Aud ceva zgomot n camera
alturat.
Stop! Don't you see the red light? - Stai! Nu vezi c e culoarea
roie?
This cake tastes good. - Aceast prjitur are un gust bun.
Do you remember our first dance? - i aminteti de primul
nostru dans?
I wish you a lot of happiness. - V doresc mult fericire.
I know that you don't understand me. - tiu c nu m
nelegei.

Copyright Link group

10 / 17

Curs: English - Intermediate


Modul: Present Simple and Present Continuous Tense
Unitate: Present Simple and Present Continuous Tense

EIN_01_01_G_Intermediate
1. Completai propoziiile cu verbul la timpul corespunztor
(PRESENT SIMPLE sau PRESENT CONTINUOUS TENSE).
Rspunsuri oferite: are attending usually, usually are
attending, are usually attending, attend usually , usually
attend
We ________
our classes in the morning. ________
2. Completai propoziiile cu verbul la timpul corespunztor
(PRESENT SIMPLE sau PRESENT CONTINUOUS TENSE).
Rspunsuri oferite: says, comes, is coming, wants, is
wanting
He ________
he ________
to London next week and ________
us to meet him for lunch. ________
3. Completai propoziiile cu verbul la timpul corespunztor
(PRESENT SIMPLE sau PRESENT CONTINUOUS TENSE).
Rspunsuri oferite: are having, have, are opening, open,
writes
It is 8.30. Tom and Ann ________
breakfast. They ________
their letters. ________
4. Continuarea ntrebrii anterioare. Completai propoziiile cu
verbul la timpul corespunztor (PRESENT SIMPLE sau PRESENT
CONTINUOUS TENSE).
Rspunsuri oferite: writes, is writing, get, am getting

Copyright Link group

11 / 17

Curs: English - Intermediate


Modul: Present Simple and Present Continuous Tense
Unitate: Present Simple and Present Continuous Tense

Tom: No one ever ________


to me. All I ________
is bills! ________
5. Introducei verbul din parantez la timpul corespunztor
(PRESENT SIMPLE sau PRESENT CONTINUOUS TENSE).
Lucy: Tom ________
(get) up very early but he ________
(wash) and ________
(get) his breakfast so quietly that I ________
(not hear) a thing. ________
6. Introducei verbul din parantez la timpul corespunztor
(PRESENT SIMPLE sau PRESENT CONTINUOUS TENSE).
Why ________
(that man, stand) in the middle of the road? - He ________
(try) to get across. He ________
(wait) for a gap in the traffic. - Why doesn`t he use the
subway? - Lots of people ________
(not bother) to use subway. ________
7. Introducei verbul din parantez la timpul corespunztor
(PRESENT SIMPLE sau PRESENT CONTINUOUS TENSE).
Mary: You usually ________
(go) to work by car, don`t you? Peter: Yes, but the car
________
(belong) to my mother and she ________
(sometimes; want) it. She ________
(use) it today to take Tom to the dentist. ________
8. Introducei verbul din parantez la timpul corespunztor
(PRESENT SIMPLE sau PRESENT CONTINUOUS TENSE).
I usually ________

Copyright Link group

12 / 17

Curs: English - Intermediate


Modul: Present Simple and Present Continuous Tense
Unitate: Present Simple and Present Continuous Tense

(go) by train, but this weekend I ________


(go) by bus. It ________
(take) longer but it ________
(cost) less. ________
9. Completai propoziiile.
Rspunsuri oferite: goes, is going, don`t go, doesn`t go,
isn`t going
Mr Black often ________
to the theatre but his wife ________
very often. ________
10. Completai propoziiile.
Rspunsuri oferite: likes, is likeing, is liking, prefers, is
prefering
He ________
all sorts of plays. She ________
comedies. ________
11. Completai propoziiile.
Rspunsuri oferite: are having, is having, are haveing, meet,
am meeting
A: Jones and Co. ________
a sale at the moment. Shall we look in on our way home? B:
I`d love to but I`m afraid I won`t have time. I ________
Tom at 5.30. ________
12. Completai propoziiile.
Rspunsuri oferite: are watching, enjoy, are enjoying, don`t
understand, aren`t understanding
Tonight they ________

Copyright Link group

13 / 17

Curs: English - Intermediate


Modul: Present Simple and Present Continuous Tense
Unitate: Present Simple and Present Continuous Tense

a very modern comedy. They ________


it, but they ________
some of the jokes. ________
13. Completai propoziiile.
Rspunsuri oferite: isn`t listening, doesn`t listen, doesn`t
understand , isn`t understanding, not understand
He ________
to you because he ________
you. ________
14. Completai propoziiile.
Rspunsuri oferite: do you smoke, are you smok, are you
smoking, don`t smoke, aren`t smoking
Ann: No, thanks. You are always buying cigarettes, Paul.
How many cigarettes ________
a day? Paul: I ________
very many- perhaps 20. Jack is smoking far more than I do.
________
15. Completai propoziiile.
Rspunsuri oferite: talk, are talking, prefer, are prefering
Englishmen very seldom ________
on the Underground. They ________
to read their newspapers. ________
16. Completai propoziiile.
Rspunsuri oferite: Are you going, Do you go, Are you go,
stay, am staying
Peter: ________

Copyright Link group

14 / 17

Curs: English - Intermediate


Modul: Present Simple and Present Continuous Tense
Unitate: Present Simple and Present Continuous Tense

out tonight, Paul? Paul: No, I ________


at home. ________
17. Continuarea ntrebrii anterioare. Completai propoziiile.
Rspunsuri oferite: are coming, come
The neighbours ________
in to watch TV. ________
18. Completai propoziiile.
Rspunsuri oferite: don`t know, am not knowing, watches, is
watching, is reading
I ________
what has happened to her. She always ________
TV in the evening, but she ________
a book now. ________
19. Completai propoziiile.
Rspunsuri oferite: is eating, eats, eat, doesn`t like, isn`t
liking
Look at John! He ________
his lunch, but you can see that he ________
it. ________
20. Completai propoziiile.
Rspunsuri oferite: is still raining, still rains, looks, is looking
It ________
, but it ________
as if it`ll soon stop raining. ________

Copyright Link group

15 / 17

Curs: English - Intermediate


Modul: Present Simple and Present Continuous Tense
Unitate: Present Simple and Present Continuous Tense

1. Completai propoziiile cu verbul la timpul corespunztor


(PRESENT SIMPLE sau PRESENT CONTINUOUS TENSE).
are attending usually, usually are attending, are attending usually, are
attending usually, are attending usually
2. Completai propoziiile cu verbul la timpul corespunztor
(PRESENT SIMPLE sau PRESENT CONTINUOUS TENSE).
says, comes, wants, is wanting, says
3. Completai propoziiile cu verbul la timpul corespunztor
(PRESENT SIMPLE sau PRESENT CONTINUOUS TENSE).
are having, have, open, are having, are having
4. Continuarea ntrebrii anterioare. Completai propoziiile cu
verbul la timpul corespunztor (PRESENT SIMPLE sau PRESENT
CONTINUOUS TENSE).
writes, is writing, am getting, writes, writes
5. Introducei verbul din parantez la timpul corespunztor
(PRESENT SIMPLE sau PRESENT CONTINUOUS TENSE).
gets, washes, gets, don`t hear; do not hear
6. Introducei verbul din parantez la timpul corespunztor
(PRESENT SIMPLE sau PRESENT CONTINUOUS TENSE).
is that man standing; `s that man standing, is trying; `s trying, is
waiting; `s waiting, don`t bother; do not bother
7. Introducei verbul din parantez la timpul corespunztor
(PRESENT SIMPLE sau PRESENT CONTINUOUS TENSE).
go, belongs, sometimes wants, is using; `s using
8. Introducei verbul din parantez la timpul corespunztor
(PRESENT SIMPLE sau PRESENT CONTINUOUS TENSE).
go, am going; `m going, takes, costs
9. Completai propoziiile.
goes, is going, isn`t going, goes, goes
10. Completai propoziiile.
likes, is likeing, is prefering, likes, likes

Copyright Link group

16 / 17

Curs: English - Intermediate


Modul: Present Simple and Present Continuous Tense
Unitate: Present Simple and Present Continuous Tense

11. Completai propoziiile.


are having, is having, , are having, are having
12. Completai propoziiile.
are watching, enjoy, don`t understand, aren`t understanding, are
watching
13. Completai propoziiile.
isn`t listening, doesn`t listen, isn`t understanding, isn`t listening, isn`t
listening
14. Completai propoziiile.
do you smoke, are you smok, aren`t smoking, do you smoke, do you
smoke
15. Completai propoziiile.
talk, are talking, are prefering, talk, talk
16. Completai propoziiile.
Are you going, Do you go, , Are you going, Are you going
17. Continuarea ntrebrii anterioare. Completai propoziiile.
are coming, come, are coming, are coming, are coming
18. Completai propoziiile.
don`t know, am not knowing, is watching, , don`t know
19. Completai propoziiile.
is eating, eats, isn`t liking, is eating, is eating
20. Completai propoziiile.
is still raining, still rains, is looking, is still raining, is still raining

Copyright Link group

17 / 17