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Msurile de biosecuritate

pentru prevenirea PPA la


animalele domestice

BTSF

Klaus Depner
This presentation is delivered under contract with the Consumers,
Health and Food Executive Agency (http://ec.europa.eu/eahc). The
content of this presentation is the sole responsibility of Opera S.r.l.,
Lombardy and Emilia Romagna Experimental Zootechnic Institute
(IZSLER) and VetEffecT Consultancy & Recruiting BV and it can in no
way be taken to reflect the views of the Consumers, Health and Food
Executive Agency or any other body of the European Union. The
Consumers, Health and Food Executive Agency or any other body of
the European Union will not be responsible under any circumstances
for the contents of communication items prepared by the contractors

Moldova Mai 2016


Food safety

Prevenire Biosecuritate
Biosecuritate: protecie mpotriva expunerii la ageni
biologici periculoi
Biosecuritate: a nu permite agenilor care cauzeaz
boli s intre sau s ias din orice loc unde sunt
prezente animale domestice.
Biosecuritatea este un mod de gndire sau o
filosofie care trebuie s fie dobndit de
productori
1
Consumers,
Health And Food
Executive Agency

J. Westergaard

Sistemele de producie
Sunt mai multe tipuri de sisteme de cretere a animalelor,
care trebuie luate n consideraie atunci cnd sunt revizuite
msurile de biosecuritate. Acestea includ:
Exploataii de porci mari, unde creterea animalelor este
profesionalizat
Ferme de familii gospodriile de pe lng cas sau
creterea animalelor ca hobby unul sau civa porci i
posibil, cteva alte animale
Exploataiile ecologice cu sisteme de producere mai puin
intensive i parial, bazate pe animale crescute libere
2
Consumers,
Health And Food
Executive Agency

J. Westergaard

Sistem de producere

Producere de tip
industrial bine
stabilit

3
Consumers,
Health And Food
Executive Agency

J. Westergaard

Sistem de producere

- gospodrie pe
lng cas
- o provocare din
punct de vedere al
biosecuritii

4
Consumers,
Health And Food
Executive Agency

J. Westergaard

n afar de a fi tradiional, creterea porcilor


pe lng cas
are un rol integral la reciclarea alimentelor,
are un rol important pentru furnizarea crnii
n localitile rurale i
este o surs valoroas de venituri n
numerar.
5
Consumers,
Health And Food
Executive Agency

Creterea porcilor
n exploataii
nu sunt hrnii cu lturi
nu sunt inui afar
servicii veterinare bune
exploataii nregistrate
controlul circulaiei
biosecuritate bun
comercializare controlat
management profesional

Creterea porcilor
pe lng cas

alimentare cu lturi
sunt inui afar
servicii veterinare necalitative
nregistrarea neadecvat a exploata
sacrificai acas
controlul inadecvat al circulaiei
biosecuritate inadecvat
comercializare necontrolat
tradiie, etc.

Condiii de cas

7
Consumers,
Health And Food
Executive Agency

J. Westergaard

Porcii pe lng cas

8
Consumers,
Health And Food
Executive Agency

Porci semi-slbatici

9
Consumers,
Health And Food
Executive Agency

Sacrificare n condiii
de cas de
Crciun

10
Consumers,
Health And Food
Executive Agency

11
Consumers,
Health And Food
Executive Agency

Sistem de producere

Creterea porcilor
n libertate
-

12
Consumers,
Health And Food
Executive Agency

J. Westergaard

Creterea porcilor pe lng cas


Reguli de biosecuritate de baz
- Nu se alimenteaz cu lturi
- Nici un contact ntre porcii din gospodrie
cu animalele predispuse
- ngrijitorii i schimb hainele cnd intr i
iese din grajd
13
Consumers,
Health And Food
Executive Agency

J. Westergaard

Distrugerea animalelor moarte


Trebuie s se conformeze legislaiei locale i s protejeze
gospodria de origine
Nu permitei camionului s intre n curte
Toate animalele moarte trebuie s fie evacuate rapid, n
special, n lunile de var
Atenie la efectul pe care animalele moarte pot s-l aib
asupra vizitatorilor i vecinilor

14
Consumers,
Health And Food
Executive Agency

J. Westergaard

Distrugerea animalelor moarte

15
Consumers,
Health And Food
Executive Agency

J. Westergaard

Practici inadecvate la gospodrii


Distrugerea
carcaselor
Porci lng
container
16
Consumers,
Health And Food
Executive Agency

J. Westergaard

Practici inadecvate la gospodrii


Distrugerea carcaselor
oferul camionului cu
furaj nu poate ajunge la
siloz fr a veni n
contact cu apa uzat i
porcii mori.
17
Consumers,
Health And Food
Executive Agency

J. Westergaard

Reutilizarea pistoalelor de asomare?


Dac pistoalele de
asomare sunt utilizate la
mai multe gospodrii,
ele trebuie s fie
curate i dezinfectate
adecvat.

18
Consumers,
Health And Food
Executive Agency

J. Westergaard

Practici rele - vntori


Hrnirea mistreilor
slbatici cu rmie
Transportarea unor pri
de mistrei slbatici la o
gospodrie unde se cresc
porci
Haine i cizme purtate n
timpul vntorii aduse n
arcurile cu porci
19
Consumers,
Health And Food
Executive Agency

J. Westergaard

Pesta porcin african 1985


Turist belgian - Import
Un cetean belgian a
vizitat Peninsula Iberic
i a adus acas un
produs de carne
Nu i-a plcut gustul
produsului i l-a aruncat
unui mistre
12 focare
20
Consumers,
Health And Food
Executive Agency

J. Westergaard

Biosecuritate - Concluzii
O biosecuritate bun este o parte vital a
protejrii animalelor de boli
O bun biosecuritate este ntotdeauna esenial
bolile nu sunt ntotdeauna aparente, n special, la
etapele timpurii.
O bun biosecuritate se bazeaz pe un
parteneriat ntre cresctorii de animale,
veterinari i autoriti.
21
Consumers,
Health And Food
Executive Agency

J. Westergaard

Ce trebuie de fcut i ce nu trebuie s


fcut
Aplicai regulile de biosecuritate i inei minte c
animalele infectate pot s nu manifeste
simptome evidente ale bolii
NU vizitai gospodrii/exploataii dect dac este
absolut necesar
NU hrnii animalele cu lturi
NU purtai hainele de lucru la alte ferme sau la
pia sau la expoziii
Consumers,
Health And Food
Executive Agency

22

Ce este o unitate epidemiologic n sistemul de


cretere a animalelor pe lng cas?

Satul

sau

curtea

Sat = sacrificarea tuturor porcilor din sat

Curtea = sacrificarea tuturor porcilor din curte

Unitatea epidemiologic este curtea


Sondaj extensiv al satului
Trasare epidemiologic intens

This presentation is delivered under contract with the Consumers, Health and Food Executive Agency (http://ec.europa.eu/eahc). The content of this
presentation is the sole responsibility of Opera S.r.l., Lombardy and Emilia Romagna Experimental Zootechnic Institute (IZSLER) and VetEffecT
Consultancy & Recruiting BV and it can in no way be taken to reflect the views of the Consumers, Health and Food Executive Agency or any other
body of the European Union. The Consumers, Health and Food Executive Agency or any other body of the European Union will not be responsible
under any circumstances for the contents of communication items prepared by the contractors

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Food safety