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# Nr.

=
Pe=
n=
i=
=

5
58 KW
5150 rpm
4v
0.91

pe=
=
180

9.2
Evaluarea rapiditatii motorului
Cilindreea unitara
Vs=
D=
S=
Wspn=
1.Calculul termic
k=
1.4
Po=
0.1 Mpa
To
298 K

0.1086956522
0.4504854369
0.7713064
0.964133
1655.09498333

Pg/Po=
Pg=
T=
Aleg
v=
Pa=
0.0873427551 0.0873427551 0.0873427551 0.0873427551
1.2.Coeficientul de gaze arse reziduale
=
0.0525994865
Tg=
1.3.Temperatura la sfarsitul admisiei
Ta=
357.33833349
[320370]
K
2.Calculul procesului de comprimare
2.1. presiunea la sfarsitul coprimarii
mc=
1.3
Ta=
357.33833349
Pc=
1.563691454
2.2.Temperatura la sfarsitul comprimarii
Tc=
695.37000907
3.Calculul procesului de ardere.
Date initiale
1kg=c+h+
c=
0.854
h=
0.142
=
0.004
Hi=
43529 [kj/kg]
z=
0.9
3.1. Comprimarea gazelor de ardere
Lt=
0.5073412698
L=
0.4616805556
Nco=
0.0191775
Nco2=
0.0519891667

[0,92,5]

Mpa

[600900]

[0,80,95]

NH2o=
NN2=

0.071
0.3647276389

Nf=

0.5068943056

nco=
0.0378333309
nco2=
0.1025641166
nH2O=
0.1400686479
nN2=
0.7195339046
nO2=
coef. Chimic de variatie molara
No=
0.4704524854
c=
1.077461213 >1
=
0.1
Ng=
0.0247455592
c <
=
1.073590396 >1
3.2. Parametrii de stare la sfarsitul arderii:
Energia interna molara la sfarsitul arderii:
T1<
Tc
<T2
600 695.37000907
700
U|T1(aer)=
12634
U|T2(aer)=
14886
U|Tc(aer)=
U|Tc(co)=
U|Tc(co2)=
U|Tc(H2O)=
U|Tc(N2)=
U|Tc(O2)=

PP

14781.7326042
14853
21314
18347
14777
15313

U|Tc(gar)=

15950.3820364

Uz=
Q=

78272.0320801
38070.8095357 kj/kg

Tz1=
U|Tc(co)=
U|Tc(co2)=
U|Tc(H2O)=
U|Tc(N2)=
U|Tc(O2)=
Uz1=

2700 K
68563
121536
97657
67839
72271
77550.3436441

ni=

Tz2=
U|Tc(co)=
U|Tc(co2)=
U|Tc(H2O)=
U|Tc(N2)=
U|Tc(O2)=
Uz2=
Uz1
<
77550.34 <
Tz=
pz=

2800 k
71434
126952
102331
70685
15313
80916.9247454
Uz
<
78272.0320801 <

Uz2
80916.9247454

2721.43683501
6.5701000527

[3,57,50]

p=
4.2016601394
=
1
4.Calculul procesului de destindere
md=
1.3
Pd=
[0,30,6]
[Mpa]
Td=
[12001700] K
Pd=
0.3669845727
Td=
1398.49819611
5.Calculul presiunii medii efective
m=
0.85
Pe=
0.7731263125
5.1. Presiunea medie indicata
Pi'=
0.9893105192
d=
Pi''/Pi'=
fip=
0.9
Pi=
0.9095603677
Va=
Vz=
Vc=
V=
P'=
V=
P"=
Pmax=

1.3

1.3

0.3669845727 0.3669845727

[0,7.1,4]

0.94 rezulta

1
0.1086956522
0.1086956522
0.9
0.8
0.7
0.100163992 0.1167373698 0.1388671221
0.9
0.8
0.7
0.4208550525 0.4904907534 0.5834724514
4.9275750395
5.5845850448

Pe=
0.7731263125

## 6.Calculul dimensiunilor fundamentale ale motorului(D,S)

n=
5150
Nr timpi=
4
Cilindreea totala
Vt=
1.7480407648 [dm3]
Vs=
0.4370101912
Diametrul cilindrului

Cursa pistonului

=
D=
Aleg D=
S=
Aleg S=
=

1
82.2496189359 [mm]
83
80.7691474659
81
0.9759036145

## Viteza medie a pistonului

Wpm=
13.905 [m/s]
7.Indicii tehno economici ai motorului.
7.1. Parametrii indicati.
RM=
8.315 [kj/kmol,K]
i=
0.304478854
Consum specific indicat de combustibil
ci=
271.623083034 [g/kwh]
7.2. Parametrii efectivi
Randamentul efectiv
e=
Consumul specific efectiv de cambustibil
ce=
Consumul de combustibil
Ch=

[2,280,34]

0.2588070259
319.556568275 [g/kwh]
18.5342809599 [kg/h]

8. Calculul dinamic
Masa grupului piston

p=
mp=
mgp=
m1b=
mb=
mtr=
mA=

0.65 [0,50,8]
0.37166155 kg
0.483160015 kg
0.11
0.0595166874
0.499527104
0.0431495984

Forte

=
0.2857142857
Pcr=
0.1 Mpa
P
P-Pcr
Fp
Fitr
0 0.0873427551 -0.0126572449 -68.483389745 -7565.3712453
10 0.0873427551 -0.0126572449 -68.483389745 -7374.5889848
20 0.0873427551 -0.0126572449 -68.483389745 -6817.187326

30
40
50
60
70
80
90
100
110
120
130
140
150
160
170
180
190
200
210
220
230
240
250
260
270
280
290
300
310
320
330
340
350
360
370
380
390
400
410
420
430

0.0873427551
0.0873427551
0.0873427551
0.0873427551
0.0873427551
0.0873427551
0.0873427551
0.0873427551
0.0873427551
0.0873427551
0.0873427551
0.0873427551
0.0873427551
0.0873427551
0.0873427551
0.0873427551
0.1
0.11
0.12
0.13
0.14
0.15
0.16
0.17
0.18
0.19
0.21
0.3
0.4
0.55
0.8
1.25
1.51
1.8
6.5701000527
4.79
3.4
2.4
1.75
1.26
1

-0.0126572449
-0.0126572449
-0.0126572449
-0.0126572449
-0.0126572449
-0.0126572449
-0.0126572449
-0.0126572449
-0.0126572449
-0.0126572449
-0.0126572449
-0.0126572449
-0.0126572449
-0.0126572449
-0.0126572449
-0.0126572449
0
0.01
0.02
0.03
0.04
0.05
0.06
0.07
0.08
0.09
0.11
0.2
0.3
0.45
0.7
1.15
1.41
1.7
6.4701000527
4.69
3.3
2.3
1.65
1.16
0.9

-68.483389745
-68.483389745
-68.483389745
-68.483389745
-68.483389745
-68.483389745
-68.483389745
-68.483389745
-68.483389745
-68.483389745
-68.483389745
-68.483389745
-68.483389745
-68.483389745
-68.483389745
-68.483389745
0
54.1060794765
108.212158953
162.318238429
216.424317906
270.530397382
324.636476859
378.742556335
432.848635812
486.954715288
595.166874241
1082.12158953
1623.18238429
2434.77357644
3787.42556335
6222.19913979
7628.95720618
9198.033511
35007.1747671
25375.7512745
17855.0062272
12444.3982796
8927.50311361
6276.30521927
4869.54715288

-5936.4441175
-4799.4777865
-3490.3402704
-2101.4920126
-724.63825536
558.028506064
1681.19361006
2601.58195291
3300.37630095
3782.68562264
4074.21268381
4215.60537309
4255.25050745
4241.44928042
4214.97852578
4202.98402516
4214.97852578
4241.44928042
4255.25050745
4215.60537309
4074.21268381
3782.68562264
3300.37630095
2601.58195291
1681.19361006
558.028506064
-724.63825536
-2101.4920126
-3490.3402704
-4799.4777865
-5936.4441175
-6817.187326
-7374.5889848
-7565.3712453
-7374.5889848
-6817.187326
-5936.4441175
-4799.4777865
-3490.3402704
-2101.4920126
-724.63825536

440
0.81
0.71 3841.53164283 558.028506064
450
0.69
0.59 3192.25868911 1681.19361006
460
0.59
0.49 2651.19789435 2601.58195291
470
0.52
0.42 2272.45533801 3300.37630095
480
0.47
0.37 2001.92494063 3782.68562264
490
0.43
0.33 1785.50062272 4074.21268381
500
0.39
0.29 1569.07630482 4215.60537309
510
0.35
0.25 1352.65198691 4255.25050745
520
0.31
0.21 1136.22766901 4241.44928042
530
0.3
0.2 1082.12158953 4214.97852578
540 0.0873427551 -0.0126572449 -68.483389745 4202.98402516
550
0.11
0.01 54.1060794765 4214.97852578
560
0.11
0.01 54.1060794765 4241.44928042
570
0.11
0.01 54.1060794765 4255.25050745
580
0.11
0.01 54.1060794765 4215.60537309
590
0.11
0.01 54.1060794765 4074.21268381
600
0.11
0.01 54.1060794765 3782.68562264
610
0.11
0.01 54.1060794765 3300.37630095
620
0.11
0.01 54.1060794765 2601.58195291
630
0.11
0.01 54.1060794765 1681.19361006
640
0.11
0.01 54.1060794765 558.028506064
650
0.11
0.01 54.1060794765 -724.63825536
660
0.11
0.01 54.1060794765 -2101.4920126
670
0.11
0.01 54.1060794765 -3490.3402704
680
0.11
0.01 54.1060794765 -4799.4777865
690
0.11
0.01 54.1060794765 -5936.4441175
700
0.11
0.01 54.1060794765 -6817.187326
710
0.11
0.01 54.1060794765 -7374.5889848
720
0.11
0.01 54.1060794765 -7565.3712453

180

M1
0
10
20
30
40
50
60
70

M2
M3
M4
0 -21.291881364 326.420756364 -65.448353164
-67.09201814 -43.449308257 301.688603402 -86.403977204
-121.109901 -66.270089246 243.332509335 -103.9733676
-151.9997275 -88.59381158 200.436647081 -114.73022185
-154.9438231 -108.06141768 168.017078685 -114.71261644
-131.1931797 -121.20188149 173.747478158 -100.44494379
-87.3315547 -123.96389464 184.547729304 -70.279637426
-33.24630025 -112.72352932 197.374818117 -25.677123159

80
90
100
110
120
130
140
150
160
170
180

20.534879977
65.314763923
95.80829513
110.52044693
111.06447242
100.88590253
83.923196519
63.5865256
42.20932246
20.945938864
2.05064E-014

Mrez,med=
Pec=
=

-85.618710958
-43.833763861
5.4272184307
41.0249829393
68.8312778299
75.2668925444
54.3970321522
10.4650604601
-2.2928807444
-1.619542E-014
249.080736205

198.673628092
190.573097657
172.975158618
147.579235171
117.061658471
85.1700191331
54.3949091342
26.7581973529
6.151913E-014
-21.565197164
-43.449308257

127.326041667
58.3676234585
0.6338335491

<

28.1075597711
82.3978909691
126.674017255
151.041885424
148.896681588
118.953713336
65.9869939711
1.490181E-013
0
0
0

10%

0.75 Mpa
1.25
Ks=1.3
1/Ks=

0.769231

1.1
Pa/Po=
0.9
0.11
Pa=
0.09
20 K
>
To'
318
0.8
0.0873427551 0.087343 0.087343 0.087343 0.0873428 0.087343
950

1A

79233.63

1.3

1.3

1.3

1.3

1.3

1.3

1.3

## 0.3669845727 0.366985 0.366985 0.366985 0.3669846 0.366985 0.366985

Pi''=

0.929952

0.6
0.5
0.4
0.3
0.2 0.108696
0.1696798461 0.215063 0.287441 0.417801 0.7077631 1.563691
0.6
0.5
0.4
0.3
0.2 0.108696
0.7129370458 0.903622 1.20773 1.755457 2.9737798
6.5701

[0,250,32]
[270330]

OO'=

0.064286

N
k
Z
T
M
-7633.85463503
0
0 -7633.855 -7633.8546
0
0
-7443.0723745 0.049634 -369.7342 -7452.25 -7265.7917 -1656.593 -67.09202
-6885.67071575 0.097876 -676.1039 -6918.784 -6239.1728 -2990.368 -121.1099

-6004.92750726
-4867.96117622
-3558.82366017
-2169.97540232
-793.121645101
489.545116319
1612.71022032
2533.09856317
3231.8929112
3714.2022329
4005.72929406
4147.12198335
4186.76711771
4172.96589067
4146.49513603
4134.50063541
4214.97852578
4295.55535989
4363.4626664
4377.92361152
4290.63700171
4053.21602003
3625.01277781
2980.32450925
2114.04224588
1044.98322135
-129.471381115
-1019.37042305
-1867.15788613
-2364.70421004
-2149.01855416
-594.988186216
254.368221423
1632.66226571
27632.5857823
18558.5639484
11918.5621097
7644.9204931
5437.16284319
4174.81320669
4144.90889752

0.143348
0.184702
0.220656
0.250033
0.271818
0.285225
0.289752
0.285225
0.271818
0.250033
0.220656
0.184702
0.143348
0.097876
0.049634
3.50E-017
-0.049634
-0.097876
-0.143348
-0.184702
-0.220656
-0.250033
-0.271818
-0.285225
-0.289752
-0.285225
-0.271818
-0.250033
-0.220656
-0.184702
-0.143348
-0.097876
-0.049634
-7.0E-017
0.049634
0.097876
0.143348
0.184702
0.220656
0.250033
0.271818

-866.7366
-909.4881
-798.2741
-554.1617
-221.0564
143.5445
480.8173
742.7558
900.7832
948.5217
898.5188
774.8127
604.3078
409.7435
205.9769
1.45E-013
-209.3788
-421.7805
-629.8116
-817.9337
-962.426
-1035.098
-1010.352
-873.8915
-630.2856
-306.4102
36.08586
260.3237
418.8192
441.801
310.1841
58.42188
-12.63573
-1.1E-013
1372.647
1822.265
1720.296
1428.311
1219.601
1066.151
1155.256

-6067.156
-4952.193
-3647.255
-2239.618
-823.3516
510.1563
1682.861
2639.749
3355.077
3833.405
4105.265
4218.881
4230.154
4193.034
4151.608
4134.501
4220.176
4316.213
4408.681
4453.676
4397.253
4183.299
3763.181
3105.804
2206
1088.98
-134.4062
-1052.086
-1913.554
-2405.621
-2171.289
-597.8495
254.6819
1632.662
27666.66
18647.81
12042.07
7777.203
5572.268
4308.798
4302.893

-4767.0515
-3144.4669
-1676.0543
-605.06957
-63.538501
-56.355157
-480.81729
-1171.3396
-1951.8318
-2678.545
-3263.1385
-3674.9197
-3928.0006
-4061.4458
-4119.2681
-4134.5006
-4187.3018
-4180.7591
-4093.7753
-3879.4417
-3495.2294
-2923.0292
-2189.248
-1378.143
-630.28562
-120.29574
-10.372201
-284.23826
-879.35182
-1527.4843
-1706.0126
-539.12455
248.30963
1632.6623
26974.427
16816.094
9461.6294
4938.2481
2560.6721
1164.0927
332.05663

-3753.08
-3825.773
-3239.338
-2156.335
-820.8963
507.0341
1612.71
2365.637
2728.9
2742.333
2491.01
2072.178
1570.038
1042.205
517.1837
5.06E-013
-525.7255
-1072.822
-1636.298
-2187.502
-2668.183
-2992.639
-3060.837
-2783.297
-2114.042
-1082.315
134.0054
1012.963
1699.538
1858.442
1343.137
258.3966
-56.61434
-4.0E-013
6150.142
8059.772
7449.101
6008.21
4949.053
4148.57
4290.061

-152
-154.9438
-131.1932
-87.33155
-33.2463
20.53488
65.31476
95.8083
110.5204
111.0645
100.8859
83.9232
63.58653
42.20932
20.94594
2.05E-014
-21.29188
-43.44931
-66.27009
-88.59381
-108.0614
-121.2019
-123.9639
-112.7235
-85.61871
-43.83376
5.427218
41.02498
68.83128
75.26689
54.39703
10.46506
-2.292881
-1.6E-014
249.0807
326.4208
301.6886
243.3325
200.4366
168.0171
173.7475

4399.56014889
4873.45229917
5252.77984726
5572.83163896
5784.61056327
5859.71330653
5784.68167791
5607.90249436
5377.67694942
5297.10011531
4134.50063541
4269.08460526
4295.55535989
4309.35658693
4269.71145257
4128.31876328
3836.79170212
3354.48238043
2655.68803239
1735.29968954
612.134585541
-670.53217588
-2047.3859331
-3436.23419095
-4745.371707
-5882.33803804
-6763.08124653
-7320.48290528
-7511.26516581

Mrez
239.680521836
104.743299797
-48.0208485394
-154.88711388
-209.700778515
-179.092526831
-97.0273574568
25.727865385

0.285225
0.289752
0.285225
0.271818
0.250033
0.220656
0.184702
0.143348
0.097876
0.049634
1.05E-016
-0.049634
-0.097876
-0.143348
-0.184702
-0.220656
-0.250033
-0.271818
-0.285225
-0.289752
-0.285225
-0.271818
-0.250033
-0.220656
-0.184702
-0.143348
-0.097876
-0.049634
-1.4E-016

1290.04
1452.983
1540.221
1553.242
1477.256
1314.383
1080.76
809.431
528.034
263.1331
4.34E-013
-212.0665
-421.7805
-622.002
-797.7162
-926.0166
-979.8282
-934.9509
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3.68E-012

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1.49E-013

161.697356882
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R
83
83
83

mtr

0.0405 0.499527 539.3067 0.285714
0
0.0405 0.499527 539.3067 0.285714 0.174533
0.0405 0.499527 539.3067 0.285714 0.349066

83
83
83
83
83
83
83
83
83
83
83
83
83
83
83
83
83
83
83
83
83
83
83
83
83
83
83
83
83
83
83
83
83
83
83
83
83
83
83
83
83

0.0405
0.0405
0.0405
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0.0405
0.0405
0.0405
0.0405
0.0405
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0.0405
0.0405
0.0405
0.0405
0.0405

0.499527
0.499527
0.499527
0.499527
0.499527
0.499527
0.499527
0.499527
0.499527
0.499527
0.499527
0.499527
0.499527
0.499527
0.499527
0.499527
0.499527
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0.499527
0.499527
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0.499527
0.499527
0.499527
0.499527
0.499527
0.499527
0.499527
0.499527
0.499527
0.499527
0.499527
0.499527
0.499527
0.499527
0.499527
0.499527

539.3067
539.3067
539.3067
539.3067
539.3067
539.3067
539.3067
539.3067
539.3067
539.3067
539.3067
539.3067
539.3067
539.3067
539.3067
539.3067
539.3067
539.3067
539.3067
539.3067
539.3067
539.3067
539.3067
539.3067
539.3067
539.3067
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539.3067
539.3067
539.3067
539.3067
539.3067
539.3067
539.3067
539.3067
539.3067
539.3067
539.3067
539.3067
539.3067
539.3067

0.285714
0.285714
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0.285714
0.285714
0.285714
0.285714
0.285714
0.285714
0.285714
0.285714
0.285714

0.523599
0.698132
0.872665
1.047198
1.22173
1.396263
1.570796
1.745329
1.919862
2.094395
2.268928
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5.934119
6.108652
6.283185
6.457718
6.632251
6.806784
6.981317
7.15585
7.330383
7.504916

83
83
83
83
83
83
83
83
83
83
83
83
83
83
83
83
83
83
83
83
83
83
83
83
83
83
83
83
83

0.0405
0.0405
0.0405
0.0405
0.0405
0.0405
0.0405
0.0405
0.0405
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0.0405
0.0405
0.0405
0.0405
0.0405
0.0405
0.0405
0.0405
0.0405
0.0405

0.499527
0.499527
0.499527
0.499527
0.499527
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0.499527
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0.499527
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0.499527
0.499527
0.499527
0.499527
0.499527
0.499527
0.499527
0.499527
0.499527
0.499527
0.499527
0.499527
0.499527
0.499527

539.3067
539.3067
539.3067
539.3067
539.3067
539.3067
539.3067
539.3067
539.3067
539.3067
539.3067
539.3067
539.3067
539.3067
539.3067
539.3067
539.3067
539.3067
539.3067
539.3067
539.3067
539.3067
539.3067
539.3067
539.3067
539.3067
539.3067
539.3067
539.3067

0.285714
0.285714
0.285714
0.285714
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0.285714
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0.285714
0.285714
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7.679449
7.853982
8.028515
8.203047
8.37758
8.552113
8.726646
8.901179
9.075712
9.250245
9.424778
9.599311
9.773844
9.948377
10.12291
10.29744
10.47198
10.64651
10.82104
10.99557
11.17011
11.34464
11.51917
11.69371
11.86824
12.04277
12.2173
12.39184
12.56637

40000

35000

30000

25000

20000

15000

10000

5000

0
0
-5000

-10000

100

200

300

400

500

600

Fp
Fitr
F

500

600

700

800

N
2000
1500
1000
N

500
0
-500
-1000
-1500

100

200

300

400

500

600

700

800

k
30000
25000
20000
k

15000
10000
5000
0
-5000
-10000

100

200

300

400

500

600

700

800

30000

25000

20000

15000

10000

5000

0
0
-5000

-10000

100

200

300

400

500

600

Z
T

500

600

700

800

M
400
300
200

100
0
0
-100
-200

100

200

300

400

500

600

700

800

Mrez
500
400
300
Mrez

200
100
0
-100
-200
-300

20

40

60

80

100

120

140

160

180

200

Mrez