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2000

ROMNIA
Institutul Naional de Statistic
National Institute of Statistics

ANUARUL STATISTIC AL ROMNIEI


ROMNIA
Institutul Naional de Statistic
W275
B-dul Libertii 16, sector 5, Bucureti
Telefon: 312 48 75
336 33 70
H185 127 137.5 148.5 211.5
Fax: 312 48 73, 335 73 73
e-mail: romstat@insse.ro
http://www.insse.ro

Publicaia conine informaii statistice referitoare This publication contains statistical information
la: Geografia i mediul nconjurtor; Populaia; referring to: Geography and environment;
Fora de munc; Veniturile, cheltuielile i
consumul populaiei; Protecia social;
Sntate; nvmnt; Cercetare; Cultur;
Sport; Conturi naionale; Investiii; Imobilizri
Population; Labour force; Population incomes,
expenditures and consumption; Social
protection; Health; Education; Research;
Culture; Sport; National accounts; Investments;
ANUARUL
corporale; Preuri; Rezultate i performane ale
ntreprinderilor; Agricultur; Silvicultur;
Industrie; Construcii; Transporturi; Pot i
telecomunicaii; Comer; Turism; Servicii;
Tangible fixed assets; Prices; Results and
performances of enterprises; Agriculture;
Sylviculture; Industry; Construction; Transport;
Post and telecommunications; Trade; Tourism;
STATISTIC AL
Finane; Justiie i starea infracional; Statistic
electoral; Statistic teritorial; Statistic
internaional.
Services; Finances; Justice and infringemental
situation; Election statistics; Territorial statistics;
International statistics.
ROMNIEI
serii de timp
Copyright 2001 INS Copyright 2001 INS 1990 - 1999
Reproducing the content of this publication, Reproducerea coninutului acestei publicaii, integral
completely or partly, in original or modified, as well as its sau parial, n forma original sau modificat, precum i
storage in a retrieval system, or transmitted, in any form stocarea ntr-un sistem de regsire sau transmiterea
and by any means are forbidden without the written sub orice form i prin orice mijloace sunt interzise fr
permission of the National Commission for Statistics. autorizarea scris a Institutului Naional de Statistic.
Using the content of this publication with explanatory or Utilizarea coninutului acestei publicaii, cu titlu
justifying title, in articles, studies, books is allowed only explicativ sau justificativ, n articole, studii, cri este
cleary and precisely indicating the source. autorizat numai cu indicarea clar i precis a sursei.

ROMANIAN STATISTICAL YEARBOOK


PREFA FOREWORD

Ediia 2000 a Anuarului Statistic al Romniei The 2000 edition of the Statistical Yearbook of
continu ndelungata tradiie a statisticii oficiale Romania continues the long lasting tradition of official
desfurat de-a lungul unui secol, primul anuar statistics developed during a century, the first
statistic fiind publicat n anul 1902. Statistical Yearbook being issued in 1902.
Rod al creaiei i eforturilor depuse de As result of the creative spirit and of the efforts
statisticienii romni n decursul timpului, apariia noii made over time by Romanian statisticians, the release
ediii a Anuarului, ca lucrare de referin n sistemul of this new edition of the Yearbook, as a reference
book within the system of statistical publications, is
publicaiilor statistice, continu principiul adoptat i
placed under the principle adopted and promoted
promovat n anii precedeni privind deplina
during previous years concerning full transparency,
transparen, punnd la dispoziia opiniei publice
making available for the public at large the most
informaiile cele mai reprezentative ale cercetrilor i
representative information resulting from the statistical
anchetelor statistice realizate de Institutul Naional de
inquiries and surveys carried out by the National
Statistic n anul 1999 i n anii precedeni, la care se
Institute of Statistics in 1999 and during previous
adaug informaiile furnizate de celelalte componente years. To all these should be added the information
ale sistemului statisticii oficiale, respectiv supplied by the other components of the official
compartimentele de statistic ale ministerelor, ale altor statistical system, respectively the statistical
organizaii guvernamentale i Bncii Naionale a departments from ministries, other governmental
Romniei. organisations and from the National Bank of Romania.
Constituind singura publicaie care prezint Being the main publication that presents in a
centralizat ansamblul informaiilor statistice centralised manner the total amount of the available
disponibile, Anuarul cuprinde serii de date actuale i statistical information, the Yearbook comprises up-to-
semnificative asupra evoluiei economice, sociale, de date and significant data series on the economic,
mediu i demografice a rii. social, environmental and demographic development
ntruct statul, economia i societatea au evoluat of the country.
n ultimii ani ntr-o interdependen complex i Since the state, the economy and the society
evolved during recent years under complex inter-
caracterizat de o permanent transformare, att pe
relations, characterised by permanent changes, both
plan naional ct i n profil teritorial, n cuprinsul
at national and territorial level, certain structural
Anuarului Statistic au fost introduse unele modificri
changes were introduced in the content of the
de structur menite s asigure o sistematizare
Statistical Yearbook, meant to ensure a systematization
organic a capitolelor i o mai mare coeren n
organisation of chapters and a greater coherence in
prezentarea datelor.
data presentation.
Informaiile privind evoluia social-economic a The information on the social and economic
Romniei, ofer att posibilitatea elaborrii de studii i evolution of Romania, offer both the opportunity of
analize macroeconomice, ct i a fundamentrii developing macroeconomic studies and analises and
deciziilor de politic economic. the basis on which policy decisions relies on.
Ne exprimm sperana c prin eforturile depuse We express our hope that, as a result of our
vom putea s satisfacem cerinele crescnde ale endeavours, we could meet the increasing
utilizatorilor i s asigurm o cretere corespunztoare requirements of users and ensure an appropriate
a modului de nelegere i de utilizare a informaiilor improvement in the understanding and use of
statistice puse la dispoziie. Astfel, la elaborarea available statistical information. Thus, when drawing
actualei ediii s-a avut n vedere o prezentare mai up the current edition, a more rigorous presentation
riguroas a principiilor metodologice care au stat la was envisaged for the methodological principles on
baza calculelor indicatorilor statistici i la asigurarea which the statistical indicators computation and
comparabilitii lor n timp. comparability over time were based.
mpreun cu toi colaboratorii din aparatul Together with all the collaborators from the official
statisticii oficiale, alturi de cei aparinnd celorlalte statistical body and from other departments of the
servicii ale sistemului statisticii oficiale, dorim s official statistical system, we wish to thank everybody
adresm mulumiri tuturor acelora care au contribuit la who contributed to data collection, processing,
culegerea, producerea, furnizarea i prezentarea supplying and presentation in this publication.
datelor n aceast publicaie. In this context, we address our special thanks to
n acelai context, mulumim att agenilor all the economic or institutional units, as well as to
economici, ct i gospodriilor populaiei pentru population households for the efforts made in
eforturile de a rspunde solicitrilor noastre de answering our requests for information that are
informaii, fr de care nu ar fi fost posibil realizarea necessary for carrying out statistical surveys. Without
ntregii producii statistice i, implicit apariia actualei these efforts, not only the release of the current
ediii a Anuarului Statistic al Romniei. Aceasta a edition of the Statistical Yearbook of Romania, but
fcut posibil respectarea obligaiilor asumate de also the achievement of the whole statistical
statistica oficial romneasc pentru furnizarea production would have not been possible. In the
informaiilor solicitate de organizaiile internaionale same sense, the observance of the obligations
precum i a obligaiilor ce decurg din angajarea rii assumed by the Romanian official statistics to supply
noastre n procesul de integrare european. the information requested by international
organisations or of those established in the process of
European integration became possible.
SINTEZA
CUPRINSULUI CONTENTS
Pagina
Page

1 GEOGRAFIA I MEDIUL GEOGRAPHY AND


NCONJURTOR ............................... 7 ENVIRONMENT

1.1 Geografia i organizarea Geography and administrative-


administrativ-teritorial ....................... 8 territorial organisation
1.2 Meteorologia ........................................ 15 Meteorology
1.3 Mediul nconjurtor .............................. 30 Environment

2 POPULAIA ........................................ 49 POPULATION

2.1 Populaia i structura Population and its


demografic ........................................ 50 demographic structure
2.2 Micarea natural a populaiei ............ 60 Vital statistics
2.3 Micarea migratorie a populaiei ......... 87 Population migration

3 FORA DE MUNC ............................ 93 LABOUR FORCE

3.1 Fora de munc ................................... 94 Labour force


3.2 Condiii de munc ................................ 116 Working conditions

4 VENITURILE, CHELTUIELILE POPULATION INCOMES,


I CONSUMUL POPULAIEI ............ 125 EXPENDITURES AND CONSUMPTION

4.1 Veniturile populaiei ............................. 126 Population incomes


4.2 Cheltuielile i consumul Population expenditures and
populaiei ............................................ 142 consumption
4.3 Locuine ............................................... 153 Dwellings

5 PROTECIA SOCIAL ...................... 161 SOCIAL PROTECTION

5.1 Protecia social a omerilor ............... 162 Unemployed social protection


5.2 Asigurri sociale .................................. 164 Social insurance
5.3 Asisten social ................................. 171 Social assistance

6 SNTATE ......................................... 179 HEALTH

7 NVMNT ; CERCETARE ........... 197 EDUCATION ; RESEARCH

7.1 nvmnt............................................ 198 Education


7.2 Cercetare-dezvoltare ........................... 228 Research-development

8 CULTUR ; SPORT ............................ 251 CULTURE ; SPORT

8.1 Cultur ................................................. 252 Culture


8.2 Sport .................................................... 266 Sport

9 CONTURI NAIONALE ...................... 273 NATIONAL ACCOUNTS


Pagina
Page

10 INVESTIII ; IMOBILIZRI INVESTMENTS ; TANGIBLE


CORPORALE .................................... 297 FIXED ASSETS

10.1 Investiii ............................................... 298 Investments


10.2 Imobilizri corporale ............................ 306 Tangible fixed assets

11 PREURI ............................................. 311 PRICES

12 REZULTATE I PERFORMANE RESULTS AND PERFORMANCES


ALE NTREPRINDERILOR ................ 337 OF ENTERPRISES

13 AGRICULTUR ; AGRICULTURE ;
SILVICULTUR ................................. 371 SYLVICULTURE

13.1 Agricultur ........................................... 372 Agriculture


13.2 Silvicultur ........................................... 392 Sylviculture

14 INDUSTRIE ; CONSTRUCII ............. 397 INDUSTRY ; CONSTRUCTION

14.1 Industrie ............................................... 398 Industry


14.2 Resursele i consumurile Energy resources and
energetice ........................................... 420 consumptions
14.3 Construcii ........................................... 427 Construction

15 TRANSPORTURI ; POT I TRANSPORT ; POST AND


TELECOMUNICAII .......................... 433 TELECOMMUNICATIONS

16 COMER ; TURISM ; SERVICII ........ 451 TRADE ; TOURISM ; SERVICES

16.1 Comer exterior .................................... 452 Foreign trade


16.2 Comer interior ..................................... 502 Domestic trade
16.3 Turism ................................................. 508 Tourism
16.4 Servicii de pia ................................... 524 Market services

17 FINANE ............................................. 537 FINANCES

18 JUSTIIE I STAREA JUSTICE AND INFRINGEMENTAL


INFRACIONAL .............................. 559 SITUATION

19 STATISTIC ELECTORAL .............. 567 ELECTION STATISTICS

20 STATISTIC TERITORIAL ............... 595 TERRITORIAL STATISTICS

21 STATISTIC INTERNAIONAL ...... 815 INTERNATIONAL STATISTICS

PRESCURTRI FOLOSITE ABREVIATIONS USED


PENTRU UNITILE DE MSUR ... 887 FOR UNITS OF MEASUREMENT

SIMBOLURI FOLOSITE N SYMBOLS USED IN THE


TABELE ............................................. 888 TABLES
CAPITOLUL

CHAPTER
1

Geografia i mediul Geography and


nconjurtor environment

1.1 Geografia i organizarea Geography and administrative-


administrativ-teritorial territorial organisation
1.2 Meteorologia Meteorology
1.3 Mediul nconjurtor Environment
1.1 GEOGRAFIA I ORGANIZAREA GEOGRAPHY AND ADMINISTRATIVE -
ADMINISTRATIV-TERITORIAL TERRITORIAL ORGANISATION

CUPRINS CONTENTS
Pagina
Page
Tabele: Tables:

1.1.1 Poziia geografic a Romniei ............ 10 Geographical position of Romania


1.1.2 Lungimea frontierelor Romniei .......... 10 Length of Romanias borders
1.1.3 Lungimea principalelor cursuri de ap The length of major rivers
de pe teritoriul Romniei .................... 11 on Romanian territory
1.1.4 Principalele lacuri naturale .................. 11 Major natural lakes
1.1.5 Principalele lacuri antropice ................ 12 Major anthropic lakes
1.1.6 Principalele altitudini muntoase ........... 13 Major mountain peaks
1.1.7 Altitudinea medie a principalelor Average height of major
orae din Romnia ............................. 13 towns in Romania
1.1.8 Organizarea administrativ a Administrative organisation
teritoriului Romniei ........................... 14 of Romanian territory

Sursa datelor Data source

- Institutul de Geografie Bucureti; - Institute of Geography Bucharest;


- Inspectoratul General al Poliiei de Frontier din cadrul - General Inspectorate of Frontier Police within the
Ministerului de Interne; Ministry of Interior;
- Ministerul Apelor, Pdurilor i Proteciei Mediului. - The Ministry of Waters, Forestry and Environmental
Protection.

Prezentare Description

Romnia este situat n sud-estul Europei Centrale, Romania is situated in the south eastern part of
n interiorul i exteriorul arcului munilor Carpai, pe Central Europe inside and outside of the Carpathians
cursul inferior al Dunrii (1075 km) i cu ieire la Marea Arch, on the Danube (1075 km) lower course and has
Neagr, la o distan fa de extremitile exit to the Black Sea, being placed at a distance
continentului, ce variaz ntre 1050 km i 2800 km. ranging between 1050 km and 2800 km against the
Situat la intersecia paralelei 45oN cu meridianul 25oE, continent extremities.
teritoriul Romniei se desfoar pe 4o37'59" latitudine Romanian territory is unfolding on 4o37'59" latitude and
i 9o25'40" longitudine. 9o25'40" longitude being placed at the crossing of the
Ieirea la mare nlesnete legturile cu rile din parallel 45oN with the meridian 25oE.
bazinul Mrii Negre, bazinul Mrii Mediterane i prin The exit to the sea enables the connections with the
intermediul acesteia, cu toate rile lumii. countries in the Black Sea basin, in the Mediterranean
Litoralul romnesc al Mrii Negre se desfoar pe Sea basin and by means of this with all the countries in
245 km, ntre grla Musura (grania cu Ucraina) i the world.
localitatea Vama Veche (grania cu Bulgaria). Romanian seaside of the Black Sea is lying on 245 km,
Relieful Romniei se compune din trei trepte between stream Musura (at the border with Ukraine)
majore i anume: cea nalt a Munilor Carpai (cel mai and locality Vama Veche (at the border with Bulgaria).
nalt vrf Moldoveanu 2544 m), cea medie care Romania's relief consists of three major levels
corespunde subcarpailor, dealurilor i podiurilor i namely: the highest one in the Carpathians (the highest
cea joas, a cmpiilor, luncilor i Deltei Dunrii. Delta peak Moldoveanu 2544 m), the middle one which
Dunrii, cea mai tnr unitate de relief, n continu corresponds to the Sub-Carpathians, to the hills and to
formare are altitudinea medie de 0,52 m. the plateaus and the lowest one in plains, meadows
Caracteristicile principale ale unitilor de relief sunt: and Danube Delta. The Danube Delta, the youngest
proporionalitatea (31% muni, 36% dealuri i podiuri, relief unit under permanent formation, has the average
33% cmpii i lunci), dispunerea concentric i sub height 0.52 m.
form de amfiteatru a treptelor majore ale reliefului. Main features of relief units are: proportionality (31%
Clima Romniei este temperat-continental de mountains, 36% hills and plateaus, 33% plains and
tranziie, cu influene oceanice dinspre vest, meadows), concentric display, in amphitheatre, of the
mediteraneene dinspre sud-vest i continental- relief major levels.
excesive din nord-est. Temperatura medie multianual Romania's climate is temperate - continental of
este difereniat latitudinal, respectiv 8oC n nord i transition, with oceanic influences from the west,
11oC n sud i altitudinal cu valori de -2,5oC n zonele Mediterranean ones from south-west and continental-
montane (Vrful Omu - masivul muntos Bucegi) i excessive ones from the north-east. Average yearly
11,6oC n cmpie (oraul Zimnicea - judeul temperature is latitudinally different, 8oC in the north
Teleorman). and 11 oC in the south and altitudinally with values of
Precipitaiile anuale scad n intensitate de la vest la -2,5 oC in the mountain areas (Omu peak-Bucegi
est, respectiv de la 600 mm la 500 mm n Cmpia massif) and 11,6oC in the plain (Zimnicea town -
Romn i sub 400 mm n Dobrogea, pentru ca n Teleorman county).
zonele montane s ajung la 1000-1400 mm. Yearly precipitations decrease in intensity from west to
Apele curgtoare ale Romniei sunt dispuse radial, east, from 600 mm to 500 mm in the Romanian Plain
marea majoritate avnd izvoarele n Carpai, and under 400 mm in Dobrogea and in the mountain
principalul colector al acestora fiind fluviul Dunrea areas they reach 1000- 1400 mm.
care strbate ara n partea sudic pe o lungime de Romanian running waters are radially displayed,
1075 km i se vars n Marea Neagr. most of them having the springs in the Carpathians.
Lacurile sunt reprezentate prin lacuri naturale Their main collector is the Danube river which crosses
(numeroase tipuri genetice) rspndite n toate the country in the south on 1075 km length and flows
unitile majore de relief, de la cele glaciare n zona into the Black Sea.
muntoas (Lacul Mioarelor - Fgra la 2282 m) la The lakes are represented by natural lakes
limanele fluvio-maritime (Lacul Techirghiol 1,5 m) i (numerous genetic types) spread in all major units of
lacuri antropice de asemenea, n toate unitile de relief, from glacial ones in the mountainous area
relief construite pentru valorificarea potenialului (lake Mioarelor - Fgra 2282 m) to river-maritime
hidroenergetic, pentru alimentare cu ap, irigaii, banks (lake Techirghiol 15 m) and anthropic lakes,
piscicultur i agrement. as well, in all relief units built to turn into account the
Vegetaia este condiionat de relief i de elementele hydro-energy potential, to supply with water, irrigations,
pedo-climatice, ntlnindu-se o dispunere etajat a fish breeding and recreation.
acesteia. Zonele montane sunt acoperite de pduri de The vegetation is determined by the relief and by
conifere (ndeosebi molid), pduri de amestec (fag, pedo-climatic elements, being displayed in floors.
brad i molid) i pduri de fag. Pe culmile mai nalte se Mountain areas are covered by coniferous forests
afl pajiti alpine i tufriuri de jneapn, ienupr, afin (especially spruce fir), mixture forests (beech, fir-tree,
i altele. spruce fir) and beech forests. Higher peaks are
n zonele de deal i de podi se ntlnesc pduri de covered by alpine lawns and bushes of dwarf pine,
foioase n care predomin fagul, gorunul sau stejarul; juniper, bilberry a.s.o.
pe dealurile joase i cmpiile nalte adesea principalele In the hills and plateaus there are broad-leaved forests,
specii care alctuiesc pdurile sunt cerul i grnia. prevailing beech, common oak or durmast oak; the
Vegetaia de step i de silvostep, care ocupa zonele main forest species often met on low hills and high
cu deficit de umiditate din Podiul Dobrogei, Cmpia plains are Quercus cerris and Quercus frainetto.
Romn, Podiul Moldovei i Cmpia de Vest, a fost, The steppe and silvosteppe vegetation, which covered
n cea mai mare parte, nlocuit prin culturi agricole. the areas of low humidity in Dobrogea Plateau,
Fauna Romniei este grupat pe areale difereniate Romanian Plain, Moldova Plateau and Western Plain
n funcie de biotopul fiecrei specii. n zona alpin has been mostly replaced by agricultural crops.
apar elemente relicte precum capra neagr i vulturul Romania's fauna is grouped by different areals
de munte. n pdurile carpatine triesc diferite according to each species biotype. Relict elements as
mamifere: urs, cerb, rs, lup, mistre, cprior, veveri black goat (chamois) and mountain vulture occur in the
i un numr mare de specii de psri. n cteva regiuni alpine area. In Carpathian forests live various animals:
muntoase se mai pstreaz cocoul de munte i bear, buck, lynx, wolf, wild boar, roebuck, squirrel and
cocoul de mesteacn; n zonele de deal i cmpie several species of birds. In a few mountain areas are
sunt rspndite: iepurele, crtia, ariciul, diferite psri, still met both mountain cock and birch cock. In hill and
oprle, batracieni .a.; pentru zonele de step sunt field areas there are hares, moles, hedgehogs, various
caracteristice roztoarele (popndul i hrciogul). birds, lizards, batrachia a.s.o.; rodent animals as
Fauna acvatic este reprezentat ndeosebi prin gopher and hamster are characteristic for the steppe
pstrv n apele de munte (lostria, mai rspndit n areas. Water fauna is represented especially by trout in
trecut, a devenit destul de rar); clean i mrean n the mountain waters (huck which was mostly spread in
zonele de dealuri; crap, biban, tiuc, somn, caras n the past has become rare); dace and barbel in the hill
zonele de cmpie i Delta Dunrii; n apele marine areas, carp, perch, pike, waller, crucian in the field
teritoriale i pe Dunrea inferioar se ntlnesc i areas and Danube Delta; sturgeon species are also
specii de sturioni. met in the marine territorial waters and on the inferior
Resursele minerale utile ale Romniei sunt variate. Danube.
Printre principalele resurse minerale utile pot fi Romania's useful minerals resources are various.
menionate: petrolul, cu vechi tradiii de exploatare; Among the main useful minerals resources we can
gazele naturale; crbuni, n special huila cocsificabil, mention: crude oil, with old exploitation traditions;
crbunele brun i lignitul; minereuri feroase i natural gas; coal, especially coking pitcoal, brown coal
neferoase, zcminte de aur, argint i de bauxit; mari and lignite; ferous and nonferous ores, gold, silver and
rezerve de sare, precum i o serie de resurse bauxite ore deposits; great reserves of salt as well as
nemetalifere. O categorie aparte a bogiilor de subsol numerous nonmetalliferous resources. A special
o constituie cele peste 2000 de izvoare de ape category of subsoil riches is constituted by over 2000
minerale, cu valene pentru consum i tratamente mineral water springs, with consumption and medical
medicale. treatments valences.
Forma de guvernmnt a Romniei este republica. The republic is the form of government in Romania.
Moneda naional: leul. National currency: Leu.
Capitala Romniei este municipiul Bucureti. Bucharest Municipality is the capital of Romania.
Limba oficial este limba romn. Official language: Romanian.
1.1.1 POZIIA GEOGRAFIC A ROMNIEI
GEOGRAPHICAL POSITION OF ROMANIA

Punctul extrem Longitudinea Latitudinea


(localitatea) Judeul estic1) nordic
Extreme point County Longitude Latitude
1)
(locality) east north

Nord Satul Horoditea Botoani 26o42'05'' 48o15'06''


North Horoditea village

Sud Oraul Zimnicea Teleorman 25o23'32'' 43o37'07''


South Zimnicea town

Est Oraul Sulina Tulcea 29o41'24'' 45o09'36''


East Sulina town

Vest Comuna Beba Veche Timi 20o15'44'' 46o07'27''


West Beba Veche commune
1)
Dup Greenwich. / According to Greenwich.

1.1.2 LUNGIMEA FRONTIERELOR ROMNIEI


LENGTH OF ROMANIAS BORDERS

km
Lungimea frontierelor / Border length
Total Terestr Fluvial Maritim
Total Land River Sea

Total granie 3149,9 1085,6 1816,9 247,4


Total borders

Bulgaria 631,3 139,1 470,0 22,2


Bulgaria

Iugoslavia 546,4 256,8 289,6 -


Yugoslavia

Republica Moldova 681,3 - 681,3 -


Republic of Moldova

Ucraina 649,4 273,8 343,9 31,7


Ukraine

Ungaria 448,0 415,9 32,1 -


Hungary

Marea Neagr 193,5 - - 193,5


Black Sea

Not: Lungimile frontierelor sunt oficializate numai cu Iugoslavia i Ungaria, celelalte frontiere fiind calculate unilateral.
Note: Lengths of borders are official only with Yugoslavia and Hungary, the other borders being unilaterally calculated.
1.1.3 LUNGIMEA PRINCIPALELOR CURSURI DE AP DE PE TERITORIUL ROMNIEI
THE LENGTH OF MAJOR RIVERS ON ROMANIAN TERRITORY

Denumirea cursului de ap Lungimea cursului de ap (km) Suprafaa bazinului (km2)


River name Length of the river (km) Basin area (km 2 )
Dunre 1075 332501)
Mure 761 27890
Prut 742 10990
Olt 615 24050
Siret 559 42890
Ialomia 417 10350
Some 376 15740
Arge 350 12550
Jiu 339 10080
Buzu 302 5264
Dmbovia 286 2824
Bistria 283 7039
Jijia 275 5757
Trnava Mare 246 6253
Timi 244 5673
Criul Alb 234 4240
Vedea 224 5430
Moldova 213 4299
Brlad 207 7220
Trnava Mic 196 2071
Prahova 193 3738
Neajlov 186 3720
Olte 185 2663
Someul Mic 178 3773
Suceava 173 2298
Bega 170 2362
Arie 166 3005
Trotu 162 4456
1)
Fr afluenii care formeaz bazine de ordinul 1. / Excluding the tributaries which form the first degree basins.
1.1.4 PRINCIPALELE LACURI NATURALE
MAJOR NATURAL LAKES

Denumirea lacului natural Judeul Suprafaa (ha) Volum (mil. m3)


Natural lake name County Area (ha) Volume (mill. m 3 )
Lacuri n circuri glaciare / Lakes of glacial circuses
Bucura Hunedoara 10,5 0,5
Znoaga Mare Hunedoara 9,0 1,0
Blea Sibiu 4,7 0,2
Clcescu Gorj 3,0 0,1
Lacuri n crater vulcanic / Lakes of volcanic crater
Sfnta Ana Harghita 22,0 0,6
Lacuri n depresiuni carstice / Lakes of karstic depressions
Zton Mehedini 20,0 1,0
Iezerul Ighiu Alba 5,3 0,2
Vintileasca Vrancea 4,7 0,1
Lacuri de baraj natural / Lakes of natural barrage
Lacul Rou Harghita 12,6 0,7
Bltu Bacu 6,0 0,1
Lacuri n crovuri (depresiune de tasare) / Clasto-karstic lakes
Ianca Brila 322,0 1,6
Movila Miresii Brila 180,0 4,5
Lacul Srat-Brila Brila 39,0 0,2
Limane fluviatile / River banks
Oltina Constana 2509,0 60,0
Iezerul Mostitei Clrai 1860,0 160,01)
Balta Alb Buzu, Brila 1012,0 5,1
Jirlu Brila 890,0 5,6
Amara-Buzu Buzu 600,0 3,6
Snagov Ilfov 575,0 17,3
Cldruani Ilfov 224,0 4,5
Hazarlc Constana 168,0 0,8
Amara-Ialomia Ialomia 132,0 2,6
1)
Volum rezultat din lucrrile de amenajare pentru irigaii. / Volume resulted from planning works for irrigations.
1.1.4 PRINCIPALELE LACURI NATURALE
MAJOR NATURAL LAKES

continuare / continued
Denumirea lacului natural Judeul Suprafaa (ha) Volum (mil. m3)
Natural lake name County Area (ha) Volume (mill. m 3 )

Limane fluvio-maritime / River - Maritime Banks


Taaul Constana 2335,0 57,0
Techirghiol Constana 1161,0 41,8
Mangalia Constana 261,0 15,7
Tatlageac Constana 178,0 14,0
Lagune marine / Maritime lagoons
Razim Tulcea 41500,0 909,0
Sinoie Constana 17150,0 210,7
Zmeica Tulcea 5460,0 45,6
Siutghiol Constana 1900,0 88,7
Lacuri de lunc / River meadow lakes
Brate Galai 2111,0 30,0
Bistre Dolj 1867,0 28,0
Suhaia Teleorman 1094,0 18,0
Lacul Rotund Tulcea 219,0 2,0
Lacuri din Delta Dunrii / Danube Delta lakes
Dranov Tulcea 2170,0 21,7
Lacul Rou Tulcea 1445,0 21,7
Gorgova Tulcea 1377,5 13,8
Lumina Tulcea 1367,5 20,5
Merhei Tulcea 1057,5 15,9
Furtuna Tulcea 977,5 9,8
Matia Tulcea 652,5 9,8

1.1.5 PRINCIPALELE LACURI ANTROPICE


MAJOR ANTHROPIC LAKES

Suprafaa la nivel Volumul la nivel normal


Denumirea lacului antropic Judeul normal de retenie (ha) de retenie (mil. m3 ) Categoria de folosin
Anthropic lake name County Area at normal level Volume at normal level Category of use
of afflux (ha) of afflux (mill. m 3 )

Ostrovu Mare (Porile de Fier II) Mehedini 40000,0 800,0 energie / energy
Porile de Fier I Mehedini 10000,0 2400,0 energie / energy
Stnca-Costeti Botoani 5900,0 735,0 complex / complex
Izvorul Muntelui-Bicaz Neam 3100,0 1130,0 energie / energy
Strejeti Olt 2204,0 202,7 energie / energy
Ipoteti Olt 1692,0 110,0 energie / energy
Frunzaru Olt 1280,0 96,0 energie / energy
Izbiceni Olt 1095,0 74,0 energie / energy
Drgneti Olt 1080,0 76,0 energie / energy
Mihileti Ilfov 1013,0 76,3 complex / complex
Vidra Vlcea 950,0 340,0 energie / energy
Fntnele Cluj 884,0 212,9 energie / energy
Vidraru Arge 870,0 469,0 complex / complex
Soleti Vaslui 452,0 15,8 complex / complex
Oaa Alba 447,0 131,0 energie / energy
Gura Apelor Hunedoara 420,0 210,0 energie / energy
Siriu Buzu 360,0 126,0 complex / complex
Iovan Cara-Severin 290,0 120,0 complex / complex
Lacul Morii Municipiul Bucureti 256,0 14,2 complex / complex
Vcreti Dmbovia 234,0 14,1 complex / complex
Brdior Vlcea 230,0 38,0 energie / energy
Pucai Vaslui 230,0 8,0 complex / complex
Pecineagu Dmbovia 182,0 63,0 complex / complex
Drcani Botoani 500,0 6,1 piscicultur / fish breeding
1.1.6 PRINCIPALELE ALTITUDINI MUNTOASE
MAJOR MOUNTAIN PEAKS

Denumirea vrfului muntos Denumirea masivului muntos Judeul Altitudinea vrfului (m)
Name of peak Name of massif County Height (m)
Moldoveanu Fgra Arge 2544
Negoiu Fgra Arge, Braov, Sibiu 2535
Parngu Mare Parng Gorj, Hunedoara 2519
Peleaga Retezat Hunedoara 2509
Omu Bucegi Prahova, Braov, Dmbovia 2505
Retezat Retezat Hunedoara 2482
Iezeru Mare Iezer Arge 2462
Ppua Iezer Arge 2391
Pietrosu Rodna Maramure 2303
Gugu Godeanu Cara-Severin, Hunedoara 2291
Suru Fgra Sibiu, Vlcea 2283
Ineu Rodna Bistria-Nsud 2279
Cindrel Cindrel Sibiu 2244
La Om (Piscul Baciului) Piatra Craiului Braov 2238
Godeanu Godeanu Cara-Severin, Gorj 2229
Cleanu arcu Cara-Severin 2190
arcu arcu Cara-Severin 2190
Leaota Leaota Dmbovia, Arge 2133
Vrfu lui Ptru ureanu Hunedoara 2130
Pietrosu Climan Suceava, Mure 2100
ureanu ureanu Hunedoara 2059
Ciuca Ciuca Braov, Prahova 1954
Ocolau Mare Ceahlu Neam 1907
Toaca Ceahlu Neam 1900
Straja Vlcan Gorj, Hunedoara 1868
Budacu Bistria Neam, Suceava 1859
Giumalu Raru Suceava 1856
Cucurbta Mare Bihor Bihor, Alba .1849
ible ible Maramure, Bistria-Nsud 1839
Vldeasa Vldeasa Cluj 1836
Harghita Mdra Harghita Harghita 1800
Hmau Mare Hma Harghita, Neam 1792
Pietrosu Bistria Suceava 1791
Lcu Vrancea Covasna, Vrancea 1777
Penteleu Penteleu Buzu 1772
Cozia Cozia Vlcea 1668
Raru Raru Suceava 1650

1.1.7 ALTITUDINEA MEDIE A PRINCIPALELOR ORAE DIN ROMNIA


AVERAGE HEIGHT OF MAJOR TOWNS IN ROMANIA

Oraul Altitudinea medie (m) Oraul Altitudinea medie (m) Oraul Altitudinea medie (m)
Town Average height (m) Town Average height (m) Town Average height (m)

Alba lulia 235 Fgra 430 Satu Mare 123


Alexandria 45 Focani 55 Sfntu Gheorghe 555
Arad 107 Galai 35 Sibiu 415
Bacu 165 Giurgiu 23 Sighetu Marmaiei 270
Baia Mare 225 Hunedoara 245 Sighioara 375
Bistria 360 Iai 95 Slatina 135
Brlad 90 Lugoj 70 Slobozia 35
Botoani 130 Media 285 Suceava 325
Braov 625 Miercurea Ciuc 665 Tecuci 50
Brila 20 Odorheiu Secuiesc 385 Timioara 90
Bucureti 85 Oneti 210 Trgovite 280
Buzu 95 Oradea 150 Trgu Jiu 205
Clrai 13 Petroani 650 Trgu Mure 330
Cluj - Napoca 360 Piatra Neam 345 Tulcea 30
Constana 25 Piteti 287 Turda 330
Craiova 100 Ploieti 150 Turnu Mgurele 23
Dej 285 Reia 245 Vaslui 110
Deva 220 Rmnicu Vlcea 250 Zalu 275
Drobeta-Turnu Severin 65 Roman 195
1.1.8 ORGANIZAREA ADMINISTRATIV A TERITORIULUI ROMNIEI (la 31 decembrie 1999)
ADMINISTRATIVE ORGANISATION OF ROMANIAN TERRITORY (on December 31, 1999)

Numrul
Suprafaa oraelor din care: Numrul Numrul
total (km2 ) i municipiilor municipii comunelor satelor
Total area Number of which: Number of Number of
(km 2 ) of towns municipalities communes villages
and municipalities

Romnia 238391 263 84 2688 13094

Judeul / County

Alba 6242 11 3 65 656


Arad 7754 8 1 67 273
Arge 6826 6 3 93 577
Bacu 6621 8 2 79 490
Bihor 7544 9 1 86 435
Bistria - Nsud 5355 4 1 53 235
Botoani 4986 4 2 68 336
Braov 5363 9 2 43 150
Brila 4766 4 1 39 140
Buzu 6103 4 2 81 482
Cara - Severin 8520 8 2 69 287
Clrai 5088 5 2 48 160
Cluj 6674 6 4 74 420
Constana 7071 11 3 54 189
Covasna 3710 5 1 34 122
Dmbovia 4054 6 1 76 361
Dolj 7414 5 2 94 380
Galai 4466 4 2 56 180
Giurgiu 3526 3 1 46 166
Gorj 5602 7 1 63 414
Harghita 6639 9 2 49 236
Hunedoara 7063 13 5 56 458
Ialomia 4453 4 3 49 130
Iai 5476 4 2 85 420
Ilfov 1583 1 - 38 103
Maramure 6304 8 2 62 226
Mehedini 4933 5 1 59 344
Mure 6714 7 4 90 486
Neam 5896 4 2 70 347
Olt 5498 7 2 94 378
Prahova 4716 14 2 86 405
Satu Mare 4418 4 2 56 226
Slaj 3864 4 1 55 281
Sibiu 5432 9 2 53 173
Suceava 8553 8 4 90 396
Teleorman 5790 5 3 83 231
Timi 8697 7 2 75 317
Tulcea 8499 5 1 43 133
Vaslui 5318 4 3 71 456
Vlcea 5765 8 2 77 564
Vrancea 4857 5 1 59 331
Municipiul Bucureti 238 1 1 - -
Bucharest Municipality
1.2 METEOROLOGIA METEOROLOGY

CUPRINS CONTENTS
Pagina
Page
Tabele: Tables:
1.2.1 Temperatura aerului Air temperature
(media lunar i anual) .................... 18 (monthly and yearly average)
1.2.2 Temperatura aerului (maxima absolut Air temperature (monthly and yearly
i minima absolut lunar i anual) .. 20 absolute maximum and absolute minimum)
1.2.3 Precipitaii atmosferice Precipitations
(cantitatea lunar i anual) ................ 28 (monthly and yearly average quantity)

Sursa datelor Data source


Institutul Naional de Meteorologie i Hidrologie. National Institute for Meteorology and Hydrology.
Precizri metodologice Methodological notes

Cercetarea proceselor i fenomenelor fizice din The research of physical processes and phenomena
atmosfera terestr, care determin starea timpului i in the terrestrial atmosphere, which determines the
clima, are la baz msurtorile i observaiile weather and the climate, relies on the meteorological
meteorologice ce se efectueaz permanent sau measurements and observations, permanently or
periodic n diferite puncte de pe suprafaa globului periodically carried out in different points on the
terestru i la diferite nlimi n atmosfera liber. terrestrial globe surface and at various altitudes in the
Programul unitar al msurtorilor i observaiilor, free atmosphere. The unitary programme of measurements
precum i alte activiti meteorologice se asigur prin and observations, as well as other meteorological
colaborarea internaional din cadrul Organizaiei activities are assured by international co-operation
Meteorologice Mondiale. within the World Meteorology Organisation.
Staia meteorologic reprezint punctul de pe The meteorological station represents the point
suprafaa terestr unde se efectueaz observaii i from the terrestrial surface, where measurements and
msurtori asupra tuturor elementelor i fenomenelor observations on all meteorological elements and
meteorologice, conform programului stabilit. phenomena are carried out in keeping with the
Majoritatea observaiilor, msurtorilor i programme. Most of meteorological observations,
determinrilor meteorologice de la staii se efectueaz measurements and determinations from the stations
pe platforma meteorologic situat pe un teren are performed on the meteorological area situated on
deschis, tipic pentru regiunea respectiv, cu an open land, typical for the respective region with the
dimensionarea standard de 26 m x 26 m. standard dimension of 26 m x 26 m.
Pentru cercetarea proceselor i fenomenelor In order to observe the atmospheric processes and
atmosferice i pentru calculul diferiilor parametri phenomena and to compute various meteorological
meteorologici i climatici, este necesar raportarea and climatic parameters, it is necessary to report
observaiilor i msurtorilor, att n spaiu ct i n observations and measurements both in space and
timp. over time.
Programul climatologic reprezint complexul The climatic programme represents the complex of
observaiilor i msurtorilor meteorologice ce se meteorological observations and measurements
execut la staii, dup timpul solar mediu local, att la performed at stations, according to the local average
termenele fixe, ct i continuu n 24 de ore. Permanent, solar time, both at fixed deadlines and continuously
la termenele climatologice (1, 7, 13, 19 timp solar during 24 hours. Permanently, at the climatic deadlines
mediu local) se efectueaz observaii i msurtori (1,7,13,19 local average solar time), the observations
asupra: presiunii atmosferice, vntului, temperaturii i and measurements are done for: atmospheric
umezelii aerului, temperaturii suprafeei solului, pressure, wind, air temperature and humidity, ground
nebulozitii, precipitaiilor, vizibilitii orizontale. surface temperature, cloudiness, precipitations,
Continuu, n tot cursul zilei i nopii se determin horizontal visibility. Continuously, during all day and
caracteristicile tuturor fenomenelor meteorologice night, the characteristics of all meteorological
(hidrometeori, litometeori, electrometeori etc). phenomena (hydrometeors, litometeors, electrometeors
Observaiile asupra temperaturii aerului constau a.s.o) are determined.
n msurarea temperaturii aerului la termenele stabilite Air temperature observations consist of air
i n determinarea valorilor maxime i minime ale temperature measurement at the observation deadlines
acesteia n intervalele de timp dintre aceste termene. and of determining its maximum and minimum values,
Temperatura aerului se msoar cu instrumente cu during the intervals between the climatic observation
citire direct, psihrometrul cu ventilaie artificial, deadlines.
termometrul de maxim cu mercur i termometrul de Air temperature is measured with direct reading
minim cu alcool i cu aparate nregistratoare instruments, the psychrometer with artificial ventilation,
(termografe). Pentru ca instrumentele cu care se the thermometer of maximum with mercury and the
msoar temperatura i umezeala aerului s nu fie thermometer of minimum with alcohol and with
influenate direct de radiaia solar,de radiaia terestr, recording apparatus (thermographs). Unless the
de precipitaii i de rafalele vntului, ele se instaleaz instruments for measuring air temperature and humidity
n adpostul meteorologic situat la 2 m nlime are directly influenced by the solar, terrestrial radiation,
deasupra solului. by precipitations and by wind gusts, they should be
placed in the meteorological shelter situated 2 meters
high above the ground.
Msurarea cantitilor de ap ce provin din precipitaii The measuring of water quantities coming from
atmosferice sau care se depun din ali hidrometeori se atmospheric precipitations or deposited by other
efectueaz cu ajutorul pluviometrului, iar nregistrarea hydrometeors is carried out by means of pluviometer and
continu a precipitaiilor (lichide) se face cu pluviograful. the continuous recording of precipitations (liquids) is
Cantitile de ap se msoar zilnic la termenele performed with the pluviograph. Water quantities are daily
climatologice (1, 7, 13, 19) i se exprim prin grosimea measured at climatic deadlines (1,7,13,19) and they are
stratului de ap czut, n mm (1mm=1l / m2). expressed by the thickness of the fallen water layer, in mm
(1mm=1l / m 2 ).

TEMPERATURA AERULUI, PE PRINCIPALELE STAII METEOROLOGICE, N 1999


AIR TEMPERATURE, BY THE MAIN METEOROLOGICAL STATIONS, IN 1999
grade Celsius / Celsius degrees
A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
I
J
K
L
M
N
O
P
Q
R
45 40 35 30 25 20 15 10 5 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45

MINIMA ABSOLUT ANUAL MAXIMA ABSOLUT ANUAL


YEARLY ABSOLUTE MINIMUM YEARLY ABSOLUTE MAXIMUM

grade Celsius / Celsius degrees


Minima absolut Maxima absolut
Localitatea anual anual
Locality Yearly absolute Yearly absolute
minimum maximum

A Satu Mare -20.4 34.3


B Suceava -16.6 33.4
C Oradea -16.6 34.5
D Iai -13,0 34.7
E Cluj-Napoca -20.7 32.5
F Trgu Mure -19.3 34,0
G Bacu -16.2 34.2
H Timioara -14.5 35.5
I Deva -18.8 35.1
J Sibiu -23.7 33.3
K Vrfu Omu -22,0 17.7
L Galai -13.2 36.2
M Trgu Jiu -14.6 34.7
N Buzu -16,0 36.4
O Calafat -12.2 39,0
P Turnu Mgurele -17.4 36.9
Q Bucureti-Filaret -13.5 36.5
R Constana -9.8 32.6
PRECIPITAIILE ATMOSFERICE, PE PRINCIPALELE STAII METEOROLOGICE, N 1999
PRECIPITATIONS, BY THE MAIN METEOROLOGICAL STATIONS, IN 1999

mm
A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
I
J
K
L
M
N
O
P
Q
R

400 500 600 700 800 900 1000

CANTITATEA ANUAL
YEARLY AVERAGE QUANTITY

mm
Localitatea Cantitatea anual
Locality Yearly average quantity

A Satu Mare 687,8


B Suceava 514,7
C Oradea 869,7
D Iai 536,4
E Cluj-Napoca 707,0
F Trgu Mure 661,9
G Bacu 532,4
H Timioara 771,1
I Deva 609,8
J Sibiu 690,4
K Vrfu Omu 845,5
L Galai 503,2
M Trgu Jiu 972,9
N Buzu 668,3
O Calafat 611,2
P Turnu Mgurele 529,7
Q Bucureti-Filaret 747,0
R Constana 531,1
1.2.1 TEMPERATURA AERULUI (media lunar i anual)
AIR TEMPERATURE (monthly and yearly average)

grade Celsius Celsius degrees


Media lunar Monthly average Media Amplitudinea
Staia meteorologic anual anual Meteorological station
i anii de observaie Ianuarie Februarie Martie Aprilie Mai Iunie Iulie August Septembrie Octombrie Noiembrie Decembrie and observation years
Yearly Yearly
January February March April May June July August September October November December
average amplitude

Satu Mare Satu Mare


1901 - 1990 -2,9 -0,6 4,5 10,4 15,7 18,7 20,4 19,7 15,6 10,1 4,9 0,2 9,7 23,3 1901 - 1990
1999 -0,9 -1,3 5,7 11,1 14,7 20,4 22,3 19,4 17,5 10,1 3,2 -0,1 10,2 23,6 1999
Suceava Suceava
1901 - 1990 -5,1 -3,4 1,3 7,8 13,4 16,8 18,5 17,7 13,6 7,8 2,8 -2,2 7,4 23,6 1901 - 1990
1999 -1,5 -1,4 3,3 9,4 12,6 19,7 20,8 18,7 15,0 8,8 2,4 0,4 9,0 22,3 1999
Oradea Oradea
1901 - 1990 -2,0 0,3 5,3 10,8 15,9 18,9 20,8 20,3 16,3 10,9 5,3 0,9 10,3 22,8 1901 - 1990
1999 -0,4 -0,8 6,8 12,2 15,6 20,6 22,4 20,2 18,1 10,9 3,7 0,9 10,9 23,2 1999
Iai Iai
1901 - 1990 -3,7 -2,0 3,1 10,1 16,0 19,4 21,1 20,4 16,0 10,0 4,2 -0,7 9,5 24,8 1901 - 1990
1999 -1,0 0,4 5,4 11,6 14,8 22,4 23,4 21,0 17,2 10,6 2,7 1,0 10,8 24,4 1999
Cluj-Napoca Cluj-Napoca
1901 - 1990 -4,3 -2,2 3,6 9,2 14,4 17,4 19,1 18,3 14,2 8,8 3,3 -1,3 8,4 23,4 1901 - 1990
1999 -2,2 -1,6 4,3 9,9 13,1 18,6 20,3 18,4 15,8 9,0 1,9 -2,1 8,8 22,5 1999
Trgu Mure Trgu Mure
1901 - 1990 -4,1 -1,8 4,0 9,7 14,8 17,6 19,3 18,7 14,6 9,2 3,7 -1,3 8,7 23,4 1901 - 1990
1999 -1,8 -1,3 4,6 10,9 14,3 20,0 21,8 19,8 16,8 9,8 2,6 -1,6 9,7 23,6 1999
Bacu Bacu
1901 - 1990 -3,8 -2,3 2,8 9,6 15,2 18,8 20,5 19,7 15,3 9,5 3,8 -0,9 9,0 24,3 1901 - 1990
1999 -1,0 0,5 5,1 11,1 14,3 21,2 22,9 20,4 16,4 9,7 3,1 1,1 10,4 23,9 1999
Timioara Timioara
1901 - 1990 -1,6 0,5 5,7 11,1 16,3 19,5 21,4 20,8 16,8 11,2 5,7 1,2 10,7 23,0 1901 - 1990
1999 0,0 0,6 7,0 12,4 16,3 20,5 22,3 21,3 18,5 11,5 4,1 1,2 11,3 22,3 1999
Deva Deva
1901 - 1990 -2,6 0,0 5,4 10,7 15,6 18,6 20,4 19,8 15,8 10,2 4,8 0,4 9,9 23,0 1901 - 1990
1999 -1,3 -0,4 5,6 10,8 14,7 19,4 21,3 19,7 16,7 10,2 2,7 -1,0 9,9 22,6 1999
Sibiu Sibiu
1901 - 1990 -3,7 -1,4 4,0 9,5 14,4 17,4 19,2 18,5 14,6 9,2 3,9 -1,0 8,7 22,9 1901 - 1990
1999 -1,8 -1,5 4,5 10,0 13,9 18,9 20,7 19,0 15,6 9,2 2,1 -2,0 9,1 22,7 1999
Vrfu Omu Vrfu Omu
1901 - 1990 -10,7 -10,8 -8,4 -4,4 0,3 3,4 5,4 5,6 2,8 -0,8 -4,8 -8,4 -2,6 16,4 1901 - 1990
1999 -7,0 -12,0 -8,7 -3,5 0,1 6,1 7,8 6,8 4,1 -1,3 -4,2 -8,2 -1,7 19,8 1999
Galai Galai
1901 - 1990 -2,7 -1,1 4,0 10,7 16,5 20,3 22,4 21,8 17,4 11,3 5,2 0,1 10,5 25,1 1901 - 1990
1999 -0,2 1,2 6,4 12,1 16,0 22,7 24,7 22,6 18,4 11,4 4,6 2,4 11,9 24,9 1999
Trgu Jiu Trgu Jiu
1901 - 1990 -2,5 -0,4 4,8 10,9 15,9 19,3 21,4 20,8 16,6 10,5 4,9 0,1 10,2 23,9 1901 - 1990
1999 -0,4 0,4 6,4 11,7 15,7 21,0 22,8 20,8 17,6 10,3 4,0 0,9 10,9 23,2 1999
Buzu Buzu
1901 - 1990 -2,4 -0,3 4,4 10,8 16,6 20,2 22,2 21,8 17,4 11,2 5,1 0,5 10,6 24,6 1901 - 1990
1999 -0,1 1,4 6,7 12,5 16,1 22,9 24,9 22,5 18,4 11,4 4,6 2,0 11,9 25,0 1999
Calafat Calafat
1901 - 1990 -1,6 0,4 5,6 11,9 17,3 20,9 23,2 22,7 18,2 11,9 5,8 1,1 11,5 24,8 1901 - 1990
1999 0,8 2,3 8,0 13,3 17,3 22,1 23,9 23,6 19,5 12,6 4,6 1,8 12,5 23,1 1999
Turnu Mgurele Turnu Mgurele
1901 - 1990 -2,4 0,2 5,6 12,2 17,6 21,2 23,2 22,4 18,1 11,8 5,8 0,6 11,4 25,6 1901 - 1990
1999 -0,1 1,8 7,1 13,1 17,2 22,6 24,6 23,4 18,6 12,1 4,5 1,5 12,2 24,7 1999
Bucureti-Filaret Bucureti-Filaret
1901 - 1990 -2,4 -0,3 5,2 11,6 16,9 20,6 22,8 22,3 17,8 11,8 5,5 0,4 11,0 25,2 1901 - 1990
1999 0,0 1,4 7,4 12,7 16,4 22,4 24,5 22,6 18,2 11,6 5,2 2,5 12,1 24,5 1999
Constana Constana
1901 - 1990 0,0 1,1 4,4 9,5 15,1 19,6 22,1 21,9 18,2 13,2 7,6 2,8 11,3 22,1 1901 - 1990
1999 2,2 3,2 7,1 11,9 15,6 22,6 25,6 23,0 19,6 13,6 7,4 5,3 13,1 23,4 1999
1.2.2 TEMPERATURA AERULUI (maxima absolut i minima absolut lunar i anual)
AIR TEMPERATURE (monthly and yearly absolute maximum and absolute minimum)

grade Celsius Celsius degrees


Maxima absolut Minima absolut
Staia anual i data anual i data Meteorological
meteorologic Ianuarie Februarie Martie Aprilie Mai Iunie Iulie August Septembrie Octombrie Noiembrie Decembrie nregistrrii nregistrrii station and
i anii de January February March April May June July August September October November December Yearly absolute Yearly absolute observation
observaie maximum and minimum and years
its date its date

Satu Mare Satu Mare


1901-1990 1901-1990
maxima lunar 14,7 17,9 26,0 30,7 32,4 35,5 37,2 39,4 37,3 28,3 24,2 18,0 39,4 absolute maximum
anul 1990 1989 1974 1950 1937 1963 1939;1987 1952 1946 1943 1968 1989 21 august 1952 year
minima lunar -29,3 -27,6 -20,6 -6,4 -2,6 0,6 4,9 3,5 -4,7 -9,3 -19,6 -30,4 -30,4 absolute minimum
anul 1982 1940 1940 1954 1976 1977 1961 1980 1970 1971 1989 1961 24 decembrie 1961 year
1999 1999
maxima lunar 11,0 12,0 20,5 24,1 28,6 31,6 33,6 34,3 29,4 27,6 17,9 12,0 34,3 absolute maximum
ziua 17 28 27 16 31 12 7 10 26 4 7 4 10 august date
minima lunar -16,0 -16,0 -5,4 -0,2 2,1 7,0 10,3 6,6 3,3 -3,8 -11,0 -20,4 -20,4 absolute minimum
ziua 1 19 20 10 19 26 19 25 16 18 25 24 24 decembrie date
Suceava Suceava
1901-1990 1901-1990
maxima lunar 15,0 20,4 26,6 28,4 34,5 33,4 35,2 38,6 32,9 32,0 21,8 17,6 38,6 absolute maximum
anul 1984 1990 1952 1943 1958 1963 1988 1952 1986 1952 1952 1961 17 august 1952 year
minima lunar -29,6 -31,0 -21,9 -9,2 -2,0 1,5 5,9 4,6 -3,5 -8,0 -21,2 -25,0 -31,0 absolute minimum
anul 1954 1954 1955 1963 1976 1958 1954 1966 1953;1977 1951;1979 1942 1957 20 februarie 1954 year
1999 1999
maxima lunar 11,5 10,5 15,5 21,5 27,4 30,2 33,0 33,4 27,3 28,4 16,4 12,2 33,4 absolute maximum
ziua 26 28 11 8 31 9 7 10 26 1 3 4 10 august date
minima lunar -12,5 -14,0 -4,5 -1,3 -2,2 10,2 12,2 7,4 6,2 -4,6 -9,0 -16,6 -16,6 absolute minimum
ziua 31 20 17 21 7 26 13 28 14 9 26 24 24 decembrie date
Oradea Oradea
1901-1990 1901-1990
maxima lunar 17,1 19,5 26,4 32,6 33,4 36,6 39,5 39,5 37,0 32,7 23,6 19,2 39,5 absolute maximum
anul 1939 1914 1974 1934 1968 1935 1936 1943 1942 1932 1926 1957 29 iulie 1936 year
22 august 1943
minima lunar -29,2 -24,5 -18,6 -10,0 -4,0 1,0 5,0 4,2 -1,9 -10,5 -17,2 -27,9 -29,2 absolute minimum
anul 1942 1935 1932 1944 1943 1918 1943 1942;1943 1970 1943 1915 1902 24 ianuarie 1942 year
1999 1999
maxima lunar 12,6 14,8 22,0 27,0 30,8 31,2 34,5 33,8 31,0 28,5 18,2 12,0 34,5 absolute maximum
ziua 17 28 27 16 31 7,8 7 10 26 4 3 11 7 iulie date
minima lunar -10,6 -12,3 -4,2 0,3 3,0 10,1 11,7 9,0 8,8 -2,7 -7,1 -16,6 -16,6 absolute minimum
ziua 1 19 20 20 7 26 19 24 14 18 25 25 25 decembrie date
Iai Iai
1901-1990 1901-1990
maxima lunar 16,7 22,5 27,0 31,5 36,5 38,0 40,0 39,7 38,0 33,9 28,5 19,5 40,0 absolute maximum
anul 1921 1990 1926 1909 1950 1927 1909 1905 1946 1952 1926 1989 27 iulie 1909 year
minima lunar -30,6 -36,6 -22,7 -9,4 -3,0 3,5 6,3 4,6 -3,5 -9,6 -18,6 -29,5 -36,3 absolute minimum
anul 1963 1937 1952 1963 1935 1934 1929 1914 1921 1912 1942 1946 1 februarie 1937 year
1999 1999
maxima lunar 6,7 12,6 17,6 24,8 30,5 33,5 34,7 34,5 31,7 29,2 16,3 11,8 34,7 absolute maximum
ziua 12 28 4 8 31 13 7 10 27 1 3 5 7 iulie date
minima lunar -10,4 -10,9 -4,1 2,5 0,3 12,9 12,9 8,9 5,9 -0,1 -11,5 -13,0 -13,0 absolute minimum
ziua 31 20 20 22 7 5 19 28 14 19 26 24 24 decembrie date
Cluj - Napoca Cluj - Napoca
1901-1990 1901-1990
maxima lunar 14,0 19,3 26,6 30,2 32,5 36,0 37,0 38,0 33,7 32,6 26,0 18,5 38,0 absolute maximum
anul 1903 1966 1975 1926;1950 1924 1935 1936 1952 1927 1926 1926 1957 16 august 1952 year
minima lunar -34,2 -32,5 -22,0 -8,4 -3,5 0,4 5,2 3,5 -3,0 -7,7 -22,3 -27,9 -34,2 absolute minimum
anul 1963 1929 1932 1923 1935;1952 1955 1980 1933 1939 1988 1948 1927 23 ianuarie 1963 year
1999 1999
maxima lunar 8,2 8,6 18,9 22,0 27,1 29,2 30,3 32,5 27,6 25,0 14,5 13,2 32,5 absolute maximum
ziua 12 10 26 16 31 12 7 10 27 4 7 4 10 august date
minima lunar -13,0 -11,9 -6,5 -0,1 0,4 9,1 8,4 6,7 5,9 -3,9 -6,4 -20,7 -20,7 absolute minimum
ziua 1 1 20 20 7 23 19 27 6 19 26 24 24 decembrie date
1.2.2 TEMPERATURA AERULUI (maxima absolut i minima absolut lunar i anual)
AIR TEMPERATURE (monthly and yearly absolute maximum and absolute minimum)

grade Celsius - continuare Celsius degrees - continued


Maxima absolut Minima absolut
Staia anual i data anual i data Meteorological
meteorologic Ianuarie Februarie Martie Aprilie Mai Iunie Iulie August Septembrie Octombrie Noiembrie Decembrie nregistrrii nregistrrii station and
i anii de January February March April May June July August September October November December Yearly absolute Yearly absolute observation
observaie maximum and minimum and years
its date its date

Trgu Mure Trgu Mure


1901-1990 1901-1990
maxima lunar 14,0 18,7 27,0 32,5 34,4 35,3 39,0 38,5 38,2 31,5 26,5 18,3 39,0 absolute maximum
anul 1936 1977 1975 1934 1950 1963 1936 1946 1946 1952 1926 1960 29 iulie 1936 year
minima lunar -32,8 -32,0 -27,3 -7,5 -1,6 0,3 5,8 2,7 3,3 -8,4 -19,6 -25,9 -32,8 absolute minimum
anul 1942;1963 1929 1932 1929 1976 1928 1924 1958 1970 1988 1989 1929 25 ianuarie 1942 year
23 ianuarie 1963
1999 1999
maxima lunar 9,4 10,9 20,4 24,5 28,4 31,1 33,3 34,0 30,5 28,0 15,2 11,6 34,0 absolute maximum
ziua 12 28 26 16 31 12 7 10 27 1 7 4 10 august date
minima lunar -17,8 -15,2 -6,4 -0,4 0,6 10,6 10,3 6,8 5,2 -2,2 -6,3 -19,3 -19,3 absolute minimum
ziua 1 29 20 4 7 23 19 27 6 18 26 23 23 decembrie date
Bacu Bacu
1901-1990 1901-1990
maxima lunar 18,2 22,4 29,6 30,8 35,6 36,5 39,6 38,8 35,8 34,6 26,6 19,0 39,6 absolute maximum
anul 1984 1977 1952 1968 1908 1908 1988 1952 1946 1952 1990 1903 6 iulie 1988 year
minima lunar -30,8 -32,5 -21,5 -11,3 -3,0 2,7 6,0 3,0 -4,5 -10,0 -17,5 -27,8 -32,5 absolute minimum
anul 1963 1954 1986 1963 1912 1939 1904 1940 1977 1912 1915 1946 20 februarie 1954 year
1999 1999
maxima lunar 11,6 17,5 17,2 23,6 29,8 32,2 34,1 34,2 32,5 28,2 19,0 14,0 34,2 absolute maximum
ziua 8 28 3 8 31 13 8 10 27 1 1 4 10 august date
minima lunar -11,6 -16,2 -4,0 0,5 -1,2 11,2 11,4 7,5 6,0 -2,4 -8,0 -11,7 -16,2 absolute minimum
ziua 31 1 22 21 7 6 19 28 16 16 26 24 1 februarie date
Timioara Timioara
1901-1990 1901-1990
maxima lunar 17,4 19,7 28,2 32,0 34,5 38,4 39,6 41,0 39,7 33,8 24,8 20,2 41,0 absolute maximum
anul 1979 1966 1952 1950 1950 1938 1939 1952 1946 1935 1969 1957 16 august 1952 year
minima lunar -35,3 -29,2 -20,0 -5,2 -5,0 2,2 5,9 5,0 -6,5 -6,8 -15,4 -24,8 -35,3 absolute minimum
anul 1963 1935;1956 1932 1931 1935 1962 1962 1949 1946 1971 1922 1927 29 ianuarie 1963 year
1999 1999
maxima lunar 12,0 17,1 20,6 25,0 30,8 31,0 34,4 35,5 32,2 28,8 20,5 14,2 35,5 absolute maximum
ziua 17 28 26 16 31 8;11 7 10 26 4;10 2;11 10;11;12 10 august date
minima lunar -9,6 -10,6 -4,0 1,4 4,6 10,0 13,6 9,8 8,5 -4,5 -5,0 -14,5 -14,5 absolute minimum
ziua 1 9 15 21 19 26 18 26 30 10;18 11;28 12;25 12;25 decembrie date
Deva Deva
1901-1990 1901-1990
maxima lunar 15,3 20,8 28,5 32,3 34,6 35,6 39,4 39,7 38,2 32,7 27,4 19,8 39,7 absolute maximum
anul 1953 1977 1952 1956 1950 1952 1931 1952 1946 1932 1926 1957 16 august 1952 year
minima lunar -31,6 -28,1 -20,1 -6,0 -2,4 2,2 3,7 4,4 -4,2 -6,5 -16,6 -24,1 -31,6 absolute minimum
anul 1963 1929 1932 1926 1953 1933 1962 1961 1970 1943 1922 1927 24 ianuarie 1963 year
1999 1999
maxima lunar 10,4 17,0 19,8 23,8 29,0 30,6 33,5 35,1 30,6 27,4 14,2 9,0 35,1 absolute maximum
ziua 12 28 26 16 31 8;11;12 7 10 26 4;10 1;7 2;12 10 august date
minima lunar -12,4 -14,3 -5,3 0,0 0,9 10,0 11,0 7,6 6,6 -1,7 -7,5 -18,8 -18,8 absolute minimum
ziua 2 1 15 21 8 23 19 28 7 10;18 11;27 12;24 12;24 decembrie date
Sibiu Sibiu
1901-1990 1901-1990
maxima lunar 15,6 21,3 30,6 30,2 32,1 35,4 37,5 38,4 39,5 32,5 27,0 19,3 39,5 absolute maximum
anul 1903 1966 1952 1934 1973 1963 1987 1946 1946 1932 1926 1957 7 septembrie 1946 year
minima lunar -31,8 -31,0 -24,5 -12,0 -3,6 1,0 5,2 1,0 -3,6 -9,0 -21,3 -29,8 -31,8 absolute minimum
anul 1963 1929 1932 1942 1963 1934 1933 1981 1970;1977 1988 1948 1927 23 ianuarie 1963 year
1999 1999
maxima lunar 10,7 14,9 19,2 22,7 27,3 28,5 30,9 33,3 30,1 27,2 15,0 11,6 33,3 absolute maximum
ziua 12 28 26 16 30 29 10 10 26 1 3 2 10 august date
minima lunar -16,0 -18,6 -6,0 -1,5 -0,3 8,7 10,3 5,4 3,8 -4,9 -7,5 -23,7 -23,7 absolute minimum
ziua 1 2 20 21 7 27 19 27 6 18 28 23 23 decembrie date
1.2.2 TEMPERATURA AERULUI (maxima absolut i minima absolut lunar i anual)
AIR TEMPERATURE (monthly and yearly absolute maximum and absolute minimum)

grade Celsius - continuare Celsius degrees - continued


Maxima absolut Minima absolut
Staia anual i data anual i data Meteorological
meteorologic Ianuarie Februarie Martie Aprilie Mai Iunie Iulie August Septembrie Octombrie Noiembrie Decembrie nregistrrii nregistrrii station and
i anii de January February March April May June July August September October November December Yearly absolute Yearly absolute observation
observaie maximum and minimum and years
its date its date

Vrfu Omu Vrfu Omu


1901-1990 1901-1990
maxima lunar 5,6 6,0 12,2 12,8 16,6 22,0 22,1 20,8 19,0 20,0 13,6 8,2 22,1 absolute maximum
anul 1949 1950 1974 1986 1986 1939 1984 1957;1958 1982 1935 1945 1972 14 iulie 1984 year
minima lunar -32,3 -38,0 -29,6 -26,0 -16,0 -12,0 -8,0 -7,0 -15,0 -19,0 -30,8 -32,4 -38,0 absolute minimum
anul 1964 1929 1987 1940 1940 1939 1933 1949 1935 1946 1957 1957 10 februarie 1929 year
1999 1999
maxima lunar 2,6 0,4 1,9 6,0 8,3 12,0 14,2 17,7 14,4 12,3 9,0 0,0 17,7 absolute maximum
ziua 7 28 26 8 31 28 10 10 27 4 3 1 10 august date
minima lunar -22,0 -20,4 -18,5 -13,0 -11,4 0,6 1,6 -1,6 -2,2 -13,6 -18,3 -20,3 -22,0 absolute minimum
ziua 31 20 17 21 7 24 19 27 5 18;19 25 22 31 ianuarie date
Galai Galai
1901-1990 1901-1990
maxima lunar 17,0 22,4 27,8 32,5 36,2 36,7 38,6 39,0 35,4 33,5 25,6 20,0 39,0 absolute maximum
anul 1949 1990 1952 1905 1950 1905 1988 1904 1952 1952 1926 1947 8 august 1904 year
minima lunar -26,5 -28,6 -17,2 -5,2 -0,1 4,8 7,6 6,4 -0,5 -6,7 -17,9 -20,2 -28,6 absolute minimum
anul 1929 1929 1985 1904 1935 1913 1933 1987 1915 1912 1933 1902 10 februarie 1929 year
1999 1999
maxima lunar 9,7 17,9 20,6 23,9 29,5 33,0 35,0 36,2 32,9 28,0 17,0 15,9 36,2 absolute maximum
ziua 27 28 4 16 31 20 8 10 27 1 3 12 10 august date
minima lunar -9,1 -13,2 -2,4 2,5 3,3 12,8 13,8 10,9 8,3 -0,6 -10,5 -6,9 -13,2 absolute minimum
ziua 31 1 15 20 8 6 18 26 26 16 18 26 1 februarie date
Trgu Jiu Trgu Jiu
1901-1990 1901-1990
maxima lunar 18,3 21,7 26,4 31,8 37,5 36,6 39,3 39,0 40,6 31,5 26,4 20,0 40,6 absolute maximum
anul 1983 1990 1957 1926 1950 1947;1963 1985 1922;1946;1952 1946 1935 1926 1986 8 septembrie 1946 year
minima lunar -31,0 -28,3 -24,7 -4,6 -1,2 2,0 5,5 2,6 -4,0 -9,0 -15,1 -26,9 -31,0 absolute minimum
anul 1942 1954 1987 1968 1938 1918 1989 1939 1906 1918 1904 1940 24 ianuarie 1942 year
1999 1999
maxima lunar 11,4 20,2 20,4 25,0 30,5 32,0 33,4 34,7 31,0 27,5 20,6 12,6 34,7 absolute maximum
ziua 17 28 3 30 31 13 26 10 27 1 1 11 10 august date
minima lunar -7,8 -12,5 -4,0 -0,5 3,8 11,0 12,4 7,4 7,2 1,2 -7,4 -14,6 -14,6 absolute minimum
ziua 31 2 4,20 21 9 2 19 28 30 18 30 24 24 decembrie date
Buzu Buzu
1901-1990 1901-1990
maxima lunar 18,4 22,2 27,9 31,5 37,3 38,5 39,2 39,6 37,0 35,3 25,0 21,6 39,6 absolute maximum
anul 1936 1990 1947 1909;1947 1950 1908 1987 1951 1946 1952 1963 1989 10 august 1951 year
minima lunar -29,6 -25,0 -17,0 -5,3 -2,0 4,6 7,5 5,4 -2,0 -8,0 -17,6 -23,0 -29,6 absolute minimum
anul 1942 1929 1901 1944 1915 1973 1902 1939 1977 1988 1975 1902 24 ianuarie 1942 year
1999 1999
maxima lunar 9,0 20,8 9,6 24,7 30,0 32,7 34,6 36,4 32,2 28,6 17,2 15,4 36,4 absolute maximum
ziua 8 28 3 8 31 20 8 10 27 4 3 11 10 august date
minima lunar -8,8 -16,0 -2,4 1,5 2,0 13,0 15,8 13,0 10,6 0,4 -5,4 -6,6 -16,0 absolute minimum
ziua 30 2 26 20 8 6 20 28 16 31 27 11 2 februarie date
Calafat Calafat
1901-1990 1901-1990
maxima lunar 20,4 22,4 27,6 34,5 36,5 39,5 41,5 41,3 39,8 31,3 25,9 21,2 41,5 absolute maximum
anul 1984 1990 1952 1985 1908 1908 1916 1945 1946 1943 1970 1989 5 iulie 1916 year
minima lunar -29,2 -24,6 -15,7 -3,0 1,6 6,2 9,0 7,3 -1,3 -6,2 -16,2 -21,8 -29,2 absolute minimum
anul 1947 1950 1963 1912 1952 1962 1913 1904 1977 1988 1988 1948 8 ianuarie 1947 year
1999 1999
maxima lunar 12,8 19,6 21,8 26,2 31,6 33,5 34,4 39,0 35,3 30,2 20,4 14,1 39,0 absolute maximum
ziua 8 28 3 30 31 12 7 10 27 1 1 2 10 august date
minima lunar -7,5 -12,2 -2,0 1,4 4,5 12,0 15,3 10,0 8,8 0,5 -5,8 -10,1 -12,2 absolute minimum
ziua 31 2 15 21 7 23 19 27 7 19 30 24 2 februarie date
1.2.2 TEMPERATURA AERULUI (maxima absolut i minima absolut lunar i anual)
AIR TEMPERATURE (monthly and yearly absolute maximum and absolute minimum)

grade Celsius - continuare Celsius degrees - continued


Maxima absolut Minima absolut
Staia anual i data anual i data Meteorological
meteorologic Ianuarie Februarie Martie Aprilie Mai Iunie Iulie August Septembrie Octombrie Noiembrie Decembrie nregistrrii nregistrrii station and
i anii de January February March April May June July August September October November December Yearly absolute Yearly absolute observation
observaie maximum and minimum and years
its date its date

Turnu Mgurele Turnu Mgurele


1901-1990 1901-1990
maxima lunar 18,0 22,6 29,6 34,2 38,8 38,2 43,2 41,4 40,0 36,4 26,0 22,0 43,2 absolute maximum
anul 1983 1903 1951 1985 1950 1957 1987 1952 1946 1952 1990 1903 25 iulie 1987 year
minima lunar -30,0 -26,0 -22,2 -4,6 0,5 5,0 9,0 6,6 -2,5 -5,8 -18,0 -25,0 -30,0 absolute minimum
anul 1942 1950 1929 1923 1938 1911 1974 1981 1977 1988 1975 1933 24 ianuarie 1942 year
1999 1999
maxima lunar 10,3 21,4 23,1 26,7 31,4 33,6 36,3 36,9 34,9 31,4 19,2 16,0 36,9 absolute maximum
ziua 9 28 5 30 31 12 23 10 27 1 1 5 10 august date
minima lunar -6,8 -17,4 -3,0 1,4 4,0 10,8 15,0 10,5 8,4 0,9 -6,9 -12,3 -17,4 absolute minimum
ziua 31 1 21 21 8 23 19 28 6 18 27 26 1 februarie date
Bucureti-Filaret Bucureti-Filaret
1901-1990 1901-1990
maxima lunar 16,8 21,0 28,8 34,4 36,6 40,3 40,6 41,1 39,6 35,5 29,4 20,8 41,1 absolute maximum
anul 1983 1990 1947 1934 1950 1918 1916 1945 1946 1952 1926 1903 20 august 1945 year
minima lunar -30,0 -24,2 -13,6 -5,5 -0,2 4,2 8,6 6,6 -1,6 -10,7 -17,8 -26,4 -30,0 absolute minimum
anul 1942 1929 1929 1923 1915 1918 1933 1981 1906 1920 1904 1927 25 ianuarie 1942 year
1999 1999
maxima lunar 11,0 20,3 21,2 25,7 31,0 33,2 35,0 36,5 32,7 30,0 20,0 15,3 36,5 absolute maximum
ziua 27 28 5 30 31 13 8 9 27 4 1 4 9 august date
minima lunar -9,3 -13,5 -2,1 2,7 1,8 11,0 14,0 11,0 10,5 0,7 -3,9 -8,0 -13,5 absolute minimum
ziua 31 1 21 20 7 23 19 27 6 18 25 26 1 februarie date
Constana Constana
1901-1990 1901-1990
maxima lunar 18,8 23,3 30,8 31,9 36,5 36,9 38,5 36,8 34,8 31,0 26,5 21,0 38,5 absolute maximum
anul 1988 1990 1952 1985 1969 1982 1927 1902 1987 1928 1990 1903 10 iulie 1927 year
minima lunar -24,7 -25,0 -12,8 -4,5 1,8 6,4 7,6 8,0 1,0 -12,4 -11,7 -21,6 -25,0 absolute minimum
anul 1942 1929 1929 1923 1915 1913 1942 1936;1949 1931 1920 1953 1948 9 februarie 1929 year
1999 1999
maxima lunar 12,6 16,9 9,8 23,6 26,4 32,6 32,0 30,6 32,0 25,6 17,4 15,2 32,6 absolute maximum
ziua 28 28 6 30 12 20 8 11 27 4 3 12 20 iunie date
minima lunar -8,4 -9,8 -1,5 5,7 3,8 12,0 16,8 14,8 13,0 3,7 -7,9 -4,0 -9,8 absolute minimum
ziua 31 1 15 6 7 23 18 27 13 18 26 23 1 februarie date
1.2.3 PRECIPITAII ATMOSFERICE (cantitatea lunar i anual)
PRECIPITATIONS (monthly and yearly average quantity)

mm mm
Staia meteorologic Ianuarie Februarie Martie Aprilie Mai Iunie Iulie August Septembrie Octombrie Noiembrie Decembrie Anual Meteorological station
i anii de observaie January February March April May June July August September October November December Yearly and observation years

Satu Mare Satu Mare


1901 - 1990 40,7 35,8 36,3 44,3 63,1 82,4 69,7 64,1 43,7 45,2 47,9 52,1 625,3 1901 - 1990
1999 30,6 100,5 19,0 49,2 49,6 104,3 52,6 56,2 28,9 49,1 61,6 86,2 687,8 1999
Suceava Suceava
1901 - 1990 25,1 25,1 24,3 47,0 74,6 92,9 90,4 68,5 42,5 29,4 34,3 24,6 578,7 1901 - 1990
1999 14,7 37,9 5,8 87,6 29,9 59,2 65,8 68,8 34,6 57,4 22,8 30,2 514,7 1999
Oradea Oradea
1901 - 1990 37,5 32,2 36,7 47,5 66,0 84,3 61,9 56,4 45,1 43,4 48,5 51,0 610,5 1901 - 1990
1999 24,4 107,3 17,8 69,0 86,5 77,9 76,5 103,9 35,4 38,3 97,3 135,4 869,7 1999
Iai Iai
1901 - 1990 30,4 27,2 27,4 44,0 55,8 82,8 68,6 55,3 43,0 31,3 37,4 29,5 532,7 1901 - 1990
1999 40,0 51,2 34,3 57,3 18,7 93,1 80,3 29,1 23,4 46,2 25,2 37,6 536,4 1999
Cluj - Napoca Cluj - Napoca
1901 - 1990 26,6 26,9 25,6 45,9 74,4 90,0 78,9 74,3 40,8 37,0 31,4 29,9 581,7 1901 - 1990
1999 12,6 55,2 8,0 73,0 81,7 96,4 157,3 60,8 44,9 38,3 26,0 52,8 707,0 1999
Trgu Mure Trgu Mure
1901 - 1990 29,7 29,5 26,8 49,6 74,5 89,1 80,0 71,5 42,1 41,7 37,7 31,7 603,9 1901 - 1990
1999 18,2 58,5 14,1 84,7 87,4 89,2 99,1 30,1 25,1 45,4 24,0 86,1 661,9 1999
Bacu Bacu
1901 - 1990 25,9 26,3 25,7 37,3 66,6 85,4 80,8 63,4 46,7 35,6 34,0 29,5 557,2 1901 - 1990
1999 14,4 29,6 18,5 75,1 41,3 65,0 81,2 50,9 49,4 49,5 24,8 32,7 532,4 1999
Timioara Timioara
1901 - 1990 40,2 38,6 37,6 48,1 64,6 81,1 57,7 50,9 42,9 49,5 49,3 48,9 609,4 1901 - 1990
1999 37,9 88,7 11,3 50,6 74,6 38,3 187,1 49,7 35,5 22,6 64,5 110,3 771,1 1999
Deva Deva
1901 - 1990 32,7 30,3 28,6 47,9 64,7 78,6 70,2 59,5 42,2 41,6 37,8 37,8 571,9 1901 - 1990
1999 17,9 79,0 20,4 56,8 67,3 44,4 58,8 61,6 39,6 27,6 16,1 120,3 609,8 1999
Sibiu Sibiu
1901 - 1990 29,2 26,8 30,7 54,7 78,6 107,6 86,3 72,0 53,5 44,4 34,0 28,8 646,6 1901 - 1990
1999 24,7 52,8 13,2 72,7 65,3 101,1 129,9 25,8 74,1 62,5 13,1 55,2 690,4 1999
Vrfu Omu Vrfu Omu
1901 - 1990 75,8 84,0 78,3 88,8 109,9 142,4 136,1 105,8 65,3 60,5 56,8 70,9 1074,6 1901 - 1990
1999 35,0 82,6 52,6 99,7 38,5 123,4 77,6 124,6 112,2 43,6 8,4 47,3 845,5 1999
Galai Galai
1901 - 1990 30,7 26,6 23,6 37,4 49,2 66,3 47,3 40,5 38,7 33,4 34,5 32,3 460,5 1901 - 1990
1999 24,6 13,1 21,4 62,3 29,9 85,3 18,9 103,3 26,2 45,5 18,9 53,8 503,2 1999
Trgu Jiu Trgu Jiu
1901 - 1990 53,9 52,0 46,6 64,3 85,3 93,0 61,9 56,9 51,5 66,3 64,9 62,9 759,5 1901 - 1990
1999 43,4 64,0 36,6 111,4 63,4 112,6 149,2 96,9 91,9 57,5 37,3 108,7 972,9 1999
Buzu Buzu
1901 - 1990 27,3 27,1 22,8 40,5 63,6 79,6 61,2 50,5 37,0 34,7 39,7 33,1 517,1 1901 - 1990
1999 20,6 5,6 21,4 61,3 35,2 150,6 29,7 100,2 125,5 69,4 10,2 38,6 668,3 1999
Calafat Calafat
1901 - 1990 40,0 38,0 38,0 47,9 61,0 65,6 45,6 35,6 38,7 48,9 53,1 48,8 561,2 1901 - 1990
1999 32,8 14,0 12,1 72,6 59,1 76,8 119,5 5,6 23,5 62,3 79,4 53,5 611,2 1999
Turnu Mgurele Turnu Mgurele
1901 - 1990 37,4 32,5 35,0 42,2 56,9 67,1 50,8 38,7 37,3 41,3 46,3 41,3 526,8 1901 - 1990
1999 28,3 13,3 14,5 60,3 50,4 44,6 121,7 38,6 35,5 59,8 12,1 50,6 529,7 1999
Bucureti - Filaret Bucureti - Filaret
1901 - 1990 40,6 34,0 37,4 44,4 68,1 86,0 57,8 51,2 39,1 41,1 48,5 41,1 589,3 1901 - 1990
1999 47,2 20,4 12,3 87,5 47,8 101,6 66,0 78,3 139,3 71,3 7,5 67,8 747,0 1999
Constana Constana
1901 - 1990 29,4 27,1 23,5 27,9 36,0 41,7 33,4 29,5 28,0 33,7 38,4 34,0 382,6 1901 - 1990
1999 13,7 20,4 36,5 51,1 31,3 62,1 9,7 100,4 71,6 59,1 19,7 55,5 531,1 1999
1.3 MEDIUL NCONJURTOR ENVIRONMENT

CUPRINS CONTENTS
Pagina
Page
Tabele: Tables:

Resurse naturale Natural resources


1.3.1 Fondul funciar, dup modul de folosin 34 Total land area, by use
1.3.2 Ariile protejate ..................................... 34 Protected areas
1.3.3 Rezervaii ale biosferei ........................ 35 Biosphere reservations
1.3.4 Parcurile naionale ............................... 35 National parks
1.3.5 Resursele de ap asigurate, potrivit Water resources assured, according to the
gradului de amenajare, n 1999 .......... 35 arrangement level, in 1999
Calitatea factorilor de mediu Environmental factors quality
1.3.6 Calitatea apelor de suprafa, n 1999 36 Superficial water quality, in 1999
1.3.7 Localiti n care s-au nregistrat Localities which recorded
depiri ale concentraiei maxime exceeds of the maximum admitted
admisibile, n 1999 ............................. 36 concentration, in 1999
1.3.8 Defolierea arborilor la principalele Trees defoliation, by defoliation
specii i la toate vrstele, pe clase de classes, for the main species
defoliere, n 1999 ................................ 45 and all ages, in 1999
1.3.9 Repartizarea terenurilor agricole Distribution of agricultural
pe clase de pretabilitate, land by suitability classes, on
la 31 decembrie 1999 ......................... 46 December 31, 1999
1.3.10 Suprafaa terenurilor agricole afectate Agricultural land area affected by
de diveri factori limitativi ai capacitii various factors restraining the
productive, n 1999 ............................. 46 productive capacity, in 1999
Msuri de protecie Protection measures
1.3.11 Cheltuielile pentru protecia Expenditures for environment
mediului, n 1999 ................................ 47 protection, in 1999

Sursa datelor Data source

Rapoarte statistice completate de agenii economici, Statistical reports filled in by the economic units, the
ageniile judeene de protecia mediului, pentru datele county agencies for environment protection, for data
privind calitatea aerului n unele localiti i cheltuielile concerning the quality of air in certain localities and the
pentru protecia mediului. expenditures for environmental protection.

Surse administrative: Administrative sources:


- Oficiul Naional de Cadastru, Geodezie i Cartografie, - National Office of Cadastre, Geodesy and Cartography
pentru datele privind fondul funciar; for data concerning the land fund;
- Ministerul Apelor, Pdurilor i Proteciei Mediului, pentru - The Ministry of Waters, Forestry and Environmental
datele privind ariile protejate; Protection, for data concerning the protected areas;
- Regia Naional a Pdurilor, pentru datele privind - Forests National Body, for data on trees defoliation;
defolierea arborilor; - Romanian Waters National Company, for data concerning
- Compania Naional "Apele Romne", pentru datele the water resources and the superficial water quality;
privind resursele de ap i calitatea apelor de - The Institute for Pedological and Agrochemical
suprafa; Researches Bucharest, for data concerning the quality
- Institutul de Cercetri pentru Pedologie i Agrochimie of soil.
Bucureti, pentru datele privind calitatea solului.
Methodological notes
Precizri metodologice
Land fund includes all lands (including areas covered
Fondul funciar cuprinde totalitatea terenurilor by waters) no matter of destination, title, or public or
(inclusiv suprafeele ocupate cu ape) indiferent de private sector to which they belong.
destinaie, de titlul pe baza cruia sunt obinute sau de Water resources represent the hydrological potential
domeniul public sau privat din care fac parte. consisting of the superficial and underground waters,
Resursele de ap reprezint potenialul hidrologic under natural and arranged conditions, enlisted at the
format din apele de suprafa i subterane n regim beginning of the year, from which the utilities are fed.
natural i amenajat, inventariate la nceputul anului, Protected areas represent zones where a lot of
din care se asigur alimentarea diverselor folosine. management instruments has been set up in order to
Ariile protejate reprezint zone n care s-a pus la meet certain supervision and protection requirements
punct o serie de instrumente de gestionare care s and to assure the ecological value of the natural space
rspund cerinelor de supraveghere, protecie i and include:
asigurare a valorii ecologice a spaiului natural i - reservations of biosphere - areas intended
cuprind: to preserve the diversity and integrity of animal and
- rezervaii ale biosferei - zone destinate vegetable biotic communities in natural ecosystems
conservrii diversitii i integritii comunitilor biotice and to protect genetic diversity of species on which
animale i vegetale n ecosistemele naturale i pentru future evolution depends. They include representative
protejarea diversitii genetice a speciilor de care examples of natural biomes, unique communities
depinde evoluia viitoare. Acestea cuprind exemple having natural features of special interest;
reprezentative de biomuri naturale, comuniti unice - national parks - natural areas, of national or
avnd caracteristici naturale de interes deosebit; international importance, protected against human
- parcuri naionale - zone naturale, de interventions or settlements, where fauna and flora
importan naional sau internaional, protejate species represent scientific, educative, recreative or
mpotriva interveniilor sau instalrii oamenilor i unde aesthetic subjects of interest, where exploitation of
speciile de faun i flor constituie subiect de mare natural resources is forbidden;
interes tiinific, educativ, recreativ sau estetic, n care - scientific reservations - areas intended for
exploatarea resurselor naturale este prohibitiv; protecting nature and preserving natural processes in
- rezervaii tiinifice - zone rezervate order to have natural exemplaries, ecologically
protejrii naturii i meninerii proceselor naturale, representative and available for scientific studies;
pentru a avea exemplare ale mediului natural - reservations to preserve nature - areas
reprezentative ecologic, disponibile pentru studii where natural conditions necessary to protect
tiinifice; significant species at national level, biotic communities
- rezervaii de conservare a naturii - zone n or environmental physical conditions are ensured;
care se asigur condiiile naturale necesare protejrii - natural monuments - protected and
speciilor semnificative la nivel naional, al comunitilor preserved areas due to significant natural elements,
biotice sau ale caracteristicilor fizice de mediu; rarities or unique features.
- monumente naturale - zone protejate i Air pollution consists of changing the chemical
prezervate datorit elementelor naturale semnificative composition of the air, mainly due to industrial
pe care le conin prin rariti sau caracteristici unice. processes, to electric and thermal energy production
Poluarea atmosferic const n modificarea and to vehicles traffic. One of air pollution
compoziiei chimice a aerului datorat, n principal, characteristics in urban area is that it considerably
proceselor industriale, producerii energiei electrice i varies, not only from one locality to another, but also
termice i circulaiei vehiculelor. Una din caracteristicile inside the same urban area.
polurii aerului n mediul urban const n faptul c Pollutants represent those substances resulting from
poate varia considerabil nu numai de la o localitate la the economic activity or road traffic emitted in the air
alta, dar i n interiorul aceleiai zone urbane. and which, because of their noxious character, can
Substanele poluante reprezint acele substane worsen the air quality.
rezultate n urma desfurrii activitilor economice Effective concentration of air pollutants and their yearly
sau de trafic rutier emise n atmosfer, care, datorit averages are set up based on the norms comprised by
caracterului lor nociv, pot nruti calitatea aerului. STAS 12574-87 and systematic measurements carried
Concentraiile efective de substane poluante n aer i out by county agencies for environment protection.
mediile anuale ale acestora sunt stabilite pe baza They are expressed by the value of maximum
normelor cuprinse n STAS 12574-87 i a msurtorilor concentration recorded at the lowest level (minimum)
sistematice efectuate de ageniile judeene pentru and the highest level (maximum) for all observation
protecia mediului. Ele se exprim prin valoarea points from one locality.
concentraiei maxime, care se nregistreaz la cel mai Yearly average concentration is calculated as a mean
mic nivel (minima) i la cel mai mare nivel (maxima) la of daily average concentrations and its change is
toate punctele de supraveghere dintr-o localitate. expressed by the value recorded at lowest (minimum)
Concentraia medie anual se calculeaz ca medie level and at highest (maximum) level at all observation
aritmetic a concentraiilor medii zilnice, iar variaia points within one locality.
acesteia se exprim prin valoarea nregistrat la cel The frequency of exceeding the maximum admitted
mai mic nivel (minim) i la cel mai mare nivel concentration represents the ratio between the number
(maxim) la toate punctele de supraveghere dintr-o of daily average values situated above the value of
localitate. maximum admitted concentration (according to STAS
Frecvena depirii concentraiei maxime 12574-87) and total number of daily average values
admisibile reprezint raportul dintre numrul valorilor calculated during one year expressed in percentages.
medii zilnice situate peste valoarea concentraiei The evaluation of the superficial waters quality is
maxime admisibile (conform STAS 12574-87) i carried out by measuring the physico-chemical, biological
numrul total de valori medii zilnice calculate ntr-un an and bacteriological parameters, setting up the extent to
exprimat n procente. which standard norms are observed. In each measuring
Evaluarea calitii apelor de suprafa const n point, the water is analysed by its content in organic,
msurarea parametrilor fizico-chimici, biologici i noxious matters and in different embryos. According to
bacteriologici stabilindu-se pn la ce nivel sunt the standard, 4 quality categories are distinguished:
respectate normele standard. n fiecare punct de I,II,III and the water which oversteps the third category
msurare apa este analizat dup coninutul n materii limits, having as basis the use, field as follows:
organice, toxice i n diveri germeni. Potrivit - the first quality category represents the
standardului se disting 4 categorii de calitate: I, II, III i water used for centralized drinking water supply,
apa care depete limitele categoriei III, avnd la centralized water supply of animal breeding units,
baz domeniul de utilizare, astfel: centralized water supply for the food industry units, as
- categoria de calitate I reprezint apa well as other activities which need drinking quality water;
utilizat la alimentarea centralizat cu ap potabil, - the second quality category represents the
alimentarea centralizat a unitilor de cretere a water used for reproducing and developing natural
animalelor, alimentarea centralizat a unitilor din piscicultural fund from the plain waters, as well as the
industria alimentar, precum i alte activiti ce water supply of the piscicultural arrangements, of
necesit ap de calitatea celei potabile; industrial technological processes as well as other
activities which need the second category water quality;
- categoria de calitate II reprezint apa - the third quality category represents the
utilizat pentru reproducerea i dezvoltarea fondului water used for the irrigation systems supply, the hydro-
piscicol natural din apele de es, precum i power stations, the installations for the cooling
alimentarea cu ap a amenajrilor piscicole, a unor aggregates, the washing stations supply, as well as
procese tehnologice industriale, precum i a altor other activities which need the third category quality
activiti care necesit ap de categoria de calitate II; water;
- categoria de calitate III reprezint apa - the water which exceeds the third
utilizat pentru alimentarea sistemelor de irigaii, a category limits represents the water unable to be
hidrocentralelor, a instalaiilor pentru rcirea used for a wide range of purposes and which is a threat
agregatelor, alimentarea staiilor de splare, precum for the public health and for the environment.
i a unitilor cu alte activiti care necesit ap de The evaluation of agricultural soil quality consists
categoria de calitate III; in identifying and characterizing the factors which
- apa care depete limitele categoriei III restrain the soil production capacity.
este inapt pentru o mare parte din folosine i The suitability class represents the soil suitability for a
constituie o ameninare pentru sntatea public i certain agricultural use.
mediul natural. The soil is included in one of the 5 suitability classes
Evaluarea calitii solurilor agricole const n according to their productive potential:
identificarea i caracterizarea factorilor care limiteaz - I class: very good;
capacitatea productiv a acestora. - II class: good;
Clasa de pretabilitate reprezint aptitudinea terenului - III class: medium;
pentru o anumit folosin agricol. - IV class: weak;
ncadrarea terenurilor ntr-una din cele 5 clase de - V class: very weak;
pretabilitate se face n funcie de potenialul productiv Forests health is influenced by air pollution, insects,
al acestora: diseases, fires, bad weather and other climatic
- clasa I: foarte bun; damages.
- clasa II: bun; Data on forests state come from sampling surveys
- clasa III: mijlocie; carried out by Forests National Body through the
- clasa IV: slab; forests monitoring network (4x4 Km) being carried out
- clasa V: foarte slab; 4682 permanents amplings, being selectively
Starea de sntate a pdurilor este influenat de inventaried 127811 trees of which 33258 resinous and
poluarea aerului, de insecte, boli, incendii, intemperii i 94553 broad - leaved species.
alte agresiuni climatice. One of the indicators expressing the trees deterioration
Datele privind starea pdurilor provin din sondajele level is the defoliation degree of trees wreath.
efectuate de ctre Regia Naional a Pdurilor prin The defoliation is evaluated by the ratio of leaves fallen,
reeaua naional de monitoring a pdurilor (4x4 km), according to the set up norms and is divided into 5
efectundu-se 4682 sondaje permanente fiind classes:
inventariai selectiv 127811 arbori, din care 33258 la - 0 class: 0-10% = unaffected;
specia rinoase i 94553 la specia foioase. - 1 class: 11-25% = slight;
Unul din indicatorii care exprim nivelul de deteriorare - 2 class: 26-60% = medium;
al arborilor este gradul de defoliere a coroanei - 3 class: 61-99% = severe;
copacilor. - 4 class: 100% = dry.
Defolierea este evaluat prin proporia frunzelor czute The environment protection expenditures include
n raport cu normele stabilite i se detaliaz n 5 clase: all the expenditures for carrying out the activities of
- clasa 0: 0-10%= neafectat; environment observation and protection and refer to
- clasa 1: 11-25% = uor; environment damages prevent or repair. They include:
- clasa 2: 26-60% = mediu; - expenditures to purchase, install and put into
- clasa 3: 61-99% = sever; operation specific equipment and installations;
- clasa 4: 100% = uscat. - current expenditures (wages and salaries,
Cheltuielile pentru protecia mediului includ totalul consumed materials and energy, amortisation,
cheltuielilor efectuate pentru desfurarea activitilor commercial services, paid fines and taxes).
de supraveghere i protecie a mediului, i care se Characteristic activities correspond, on the one
refer la prevenirea sau repararea pagubelor aduse side, to a homogeneous system, irrespective of
acestuia. Acestea cuprind: management and, on the other side, to a homogeneous
- cheltuielile ocazionate de achiziionarea, type of environment component elements grouped as
instalarea i punerea n funciune a echipamentelor i follows:
instalaiilor specifice; - preventing and reducing the pollution
- cheltuielile curente (salarii, materiale i energie (reducing air emissions, protection of superficial water,
consumate, amortizare, servicii comerciale, amenzi i collection and treatment of waste, soil and underground
taxe pltite). waters protection, reducing the noise);
Activitile caracteristice proteciei mediului - protection of environment (preservation of
corespund, pe de o parte, unui sistem omogen,
independent de gestiune, iar pe de alta, unui tip flora and fauna species, preventing the soil erosion,
omogen de elemente componente ale mediului natural forests protection, defense against fires, lands
i sunt grupate astfel: recovery);
- prevenirea i reducerea polurii (reducerea - scientific research, education, training;
emisiilor n aer, protecia apei de suprafa, colectarea - environment general management.
i tratarea deeurilor, protecia solului i a apelor
subterane, reducerea zgomotului);
- protecia mediului natural (conservarea
speciilor de flor i faun, prevenirea eroziunii solului,
protecia pdurilor i aprarea mpotriva incendiilor,
recuperarea terenurilor);
- cercetare tiinific, educaie, instruire;
- administrarea general a mediului.
CHELTUIELILE TOTALE PENTRU PROTECIA MEDIULUI, N 1999
TOTAL EXPENDITURES FOR ENVIRONMENT PROTECTION, IN 1999

26.7% 5.8%
3.4%
1.9%
Agricultur + Silvicultur
Agriculture + Sylviculture
11.0%

46.2% 1.5% 3.5%


Industrie extractiv
Minning and quarrying

CHELTUIELILE CURENTE PENTRU PROTECIA MEDIULUI, N 1999 Industrie prelucrtoare +


CURRENT EXPENDITURES FOR ENVIRONMENT PROTECTION, IN 1999 Recuperarea deeurilor
Manufacturing + Waste recovery

Energie electric i termic,


gaze i ap
27.4% 6.3% Electric and thermal energy,
gas and water
3.5%
0.5%

Transport i depozitare
14.9% Transport and storage

1.4%
42.0% 4.0%
Administraie public
Public administration

CHELTUIELILE DE INVESTIII PENTRU PROTECIA MEDIULUI, N 1999


INVESTMENT EXPENDITURES FOR ENVIRONMENT PROTECTION, IN 1999 Asanarea i ndeprtarea
gunoaielor, salubritate
Street sweeping, draining off
and removal, sewerage

25.1%
4.4%
Cercetare tiinific +
3.1%
Alte activiti
5.1%
Scientific research +
2.5% Other activities

2.3%
55.9% 1.6%
1.3.1 FONDUL FUNCIAR DUP MODUL DE FOLOSIN (la sfritul anului)
TOTAL LAND AREA BY USE (end of year)

mii hectare / thou hectares


1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999

Suprafaa total a fondului funciar 23839,1 23839,1 23839,1 23839,1 23839,1 23839,1 23839,1 23839,1 23839,1 23839,1
Total area of the land fund

Suprafaa agricol 14769,0 14798,3 14790,1 14793,1 14797,5 14797,2 14788,7 14794,0 14801,7 14730,7
Agricultural area

din care: / of which:


Arabil 9450,4 9423,5 9356,9 9341,5 9338,0 9337,1 9338,9 9341,4 9350,8 9358,1
Arable
Puni 3262,5 3309,8 3349,2 3362,6 3378,4 3392,4 3391,7 3409,8 3402,7 3322,8
Pastures
Fnee 1465,3 1467,9 1480,6 1489,3 1493,7 1497,7 1498,5 1490,8 1503,4 1512,0
Hayfields
Vii i pepiniere viticole 277,4 285,8 298,6 303,9 298,4 292,4 289,0 286,3 281,8 281,1
Vineyards and nurseries
Livezi i pepiniere pomicole 313,4 311,3 304,8 295,8 289,0 277,6 270,6 265,7 263,0 256,7
Orchards and nurseries
Pduri i alte terenuri cu 6685,4 6680,1 6681,8 6681,1 6680,2 6680,1 6690,3 6688,5 6672,3 6790,6
vegetaie forestier
Forests and other forest
vegetation lands

din care: / of which:


Pduri 6252,3 6253,4 6253,5 6249,2 6245,8 6244,7 6240,2 6236,6 6227,4 6225,8
Forests
Construcii 622,3 624,2 630,5 627,9 629,6 627,2 626,3 626,2 630,5 627,4
Construction
Drumuri i ci ferate 388,9 390,9 393,4 394,0 392,5 396,2 397,0 397,2 395,7 388,4
Roads and railways
Ape i bli 903,6 893,4 892,8 892,6 888,3 889,8 886,9 886,0 880,4 879,3
Waters and ponds
Alte suprafee 469,9 452,2 450,5 450,4 451,0 448,6 449,9 447,2 458,5 422,7
Other areas

1.3.2 ARIILE PROTEJATE


PROTECTED AREAS

Numr Suprafaa (ha)


Number Area (ha)

Rezervaii ale biosferei 3 583600


Biosphere reservations

Parcuri naionale 14 376423


National parks

Rezervaii tiinifice 40 52951


Scientific reservations

Rezervaii de conservare a naturii 373 118161


Reservations for nature preserving

Monumente naturale 180 2712


Natural monuments
1.3.3 REZERVAII ALE BIOSFEREI
BIOSPHERE RESERVATIONS

Denumirea rezervaiei Judeul Suprafaa (ha)


Name of reservation County Area (ha)

Delta Dunrii / Danube Delta Tulcea, Constana 580000


Retezat Hunedoara 2700
Pietrosul Rodnei Maramure 900

1.3.4 PARCURILE NAIONALE


NATIONAL PARKS

Denumirea parcului Judeul Suprafaa (ha)


Name of park County Area (ha)

Retezat Hunedoara 35347


Rodna Bistria-Nsud, Maramure, Suceava 55800
Domogled-Valea Cernei Cara-Severin, Mehedini, Gorj 60100
Cheile Nerei Cara-Severin 28297
Apuseni Alba, Bihor, Cluj 37900
Bucegi Arge, Braov, Dmbovia, Prahova 35700
Semenic-Cheile Caraului Cara-Severin 36665
Ceahlu Neam 17391
Cozia Vlcea 17100
Climani Suceava, Mure 15300
Piatra Craiului Arge, Braov 14800
Cheile Bicazului-Hma Harghita, Neam 11600
Grditea Muncelului-Cioclovina Hunedoara 10000
Porile de Fier Cara-Severin, Mehedini 423

1.3.5 RESURSELE DE AP ASIGURATE, POTRIVIT GRADULUI DE AMENAJARE, N 1999


WATER RESOURCES ASSURED, ACCORDING TO THE ARRANGEMENT LEVEL, IN 1999

Surse de ap / Water sources milioane m3 / an


Bazine hidrografice / Hydrographic basins million m 3 / year

Total 39778
din care: / of which:
Ape de suprafa / Superficial waters 33946
Ruri interioare / Inland rivers 13946
Tisa 250
Some 721
Criuri 395
Mure 1192
Spaiul Banat 1) 608
Jiu 2091
Olt 1682
Vedea 40
Arge 1672
Ialomia 430
Siret 1955
Prut 726
Alte bazine 2) / Other basins 2) 2184
Dunrea / The Danube 20000
Ape subterane / Underground waters 5832

1)
Spaiul Banat / Banat Space = Bega, Cara, Brzava, Timi, Cerna, Nera.
2)
Alte bazine / Other basins = Clmui - Olt, Clmui - Buzu.
1.3.6 CALITATEA APELOR DE SUPRAFA, N 1999
SUPERFICIAL WATER QUALITY, IN 1999

km
Total lungimi din care: / of which:
pe ruri
Bazine hidrografice supravegheate Peste limitele
Categoria I Categoria II Categoria III
Hydrographic basins categoriei III
Total length of The first The second The third
Above the third
monitored category category category
category's limits
rivers

Total 22106 13502 5573 1145 1886

Tisa 467 414 17 - 36


Some 1681 1133 489 - 59
Criuri 1093 531 493 - 69
Mure 2434 1459 645 85 245
Spaiul Banat 1) 1377 1294 34 22 27
Jiu 944 759 130 55 -
Olt 2295 1319 448 365 163
Vedea 875 472 310 - 93
Arge 2325 1786 439 69 31
Ialomia 1175 469 194 71 441
Siret 4135 2377 1320 70 368
Prut 1588 550 371 313 354
Dunrea / The Danube 1359 793 566 - -
Litoral / Seaside 358 146 117 95 -

1)
Spaiul Banat / Banat Space = Bega, Cara, Brzava, Timi, Cerna, Nera

1.3.7 LOCALITI N CARE S-AU NREGISTRAT DEPIRI ALE CONCENTRAIEI MAXIME ADMISIBILE, N 1999
LOCALITIES WHICH RECORDED EXCEEDS OF THE MAXIMUM ADMITTED CONCENTRATION, IN 1999

Frecvena depirii
Variaia / Change
Denumirea judeului, concentraiei
localitii i a substanei Concentraiei Concentraiei maxime admisibile
U.M.
poluante maxime efective medii anuale Frequency of exceeding
M.U .
Name of county, locality Effective maximum Yearly average the maximum admitted
and pollutants concentration concentration concentration
min. max. min. max. (%)

ALBA
Municipiul Alba Iulia
Pulberi n suspensie mg / m3 0,15 0,17 0,09 0,10 0,13
Suspended powder
Pulberi sedimentabile g / m2 16,40 24,50 5,81 20,92 13,00
Deposited powder
Ora Ocna Mure
Pulberi n suspensie mg / m3 - 0,15 - 0,10 1,00
Suspended powder
Pulberi sedimentabile g / m2 15,60 20,90 10,60 16,13 33,00
Deposited powder
Ora Zlatna
Dioxid de sulf microgr / m3 - 886,00 - 140,00 30,38
Sulphur dioxide
Pulberi n suspensie mg / m3 - 0,28 - 0,13 84,84
Suspended powder
Plumb i compui microgr / m3 - 4,30 - 1,40 58,33
Lead and lead compounds
Pulberi sedimentabile g / m2 12,90 28,30 9,00 21,30 50,00
Deposited powder
1.3.7 LOCALITI N CARE S-AU NREGISTRAT DEPIRI ALE CONCENTRAIEI MAXIME ADMISIBILE, N 1999
LOCALITIES WHICH RECORDED EXCEEDS OF THE MAXIMUM ADMITTED CONCENTRATION, IN 1999

continuare / continued
Frecvena depirii
Variaia / Change
Denumirea judeului, concentraiei
localitii i a substanei Concentraiei Concentraiei maxime admisibile
U.M.
poluante maxime efective medii anuale Frequency of exceeding
M.U .
Name of county, locality Effective maximum Yearly average the maximum admitted
and pollutants concentration concentration concentration
min. max. min. max. (%)

ARAD
Municipiul Arad
Amoniac mg / m3 0,09 0,11 0,02 0,03 0,16
Ammonia
Pulberi n suspensie mg / m3 0,19 0,36 0,16 0,17 61,00
Suspended powder

ARGE
Municipiul Piteti
Amoniac mg / m3 0,04 0,10 0,01 0,03 1,90
Ammonia
Municipiul Cmpulung
Pulberi sedimentabile g / m2 10,20 69,47 3,90 39,80 83,33
Deposited powder
Municipiul Curtea de Arge
Pulberi sedimentabile g / m2 - 69,47 - 39,79 83,30
Deposited powder

BACU
Municipiul Bacu
Amoniac mg / m3 0,09 0,13 0,03 0,03 0,35
Ammonia
Municipiul Oneti
Acid clorhidric microgr / m3 93,00 100,00 11,46 40,00 0,10
Chlorine hydride
Fenoli microgr / m3 34,00 36,00 10,50 13,90 1,66
Phenols
Ora Buhui
Amoniac 1) mg / m3 0,16 0,37 0,09 0,20 10,64
Ammonia 1)
Ora Comneti
Amoniac 1) mg / m3 0,12 0,63 0,07 0,21 20,45
Ammonia 1)
Ora Moineti
Amoniac 1) mg / m3 0,12 0,52 0,11 0,21 10,53
Ammonia 1)
Ora Trgu Ocna
Amoniac 1) mg / m3 0,17 0,51 0,10 0,20 15,79
Ammonia 1)
Pulberi sedimentabile g / m2 - 18,21 - 3,29 7,69
Deposited powder

BIHOR
Subpiatra
Pulberi sedimentabile g / m2 - 112,30 - 16,36 18,10
Deposited powder

BISTRIA-NSUD
Municipiul Bistria
Amoniac mg / m3 0,10 0,15 0,05 0,06 5,27
Ammonia
Pulberi n suspensie mg / m3 - 0,29 - 0,09 1,92
Suspended powder
1)
Valori msurate la 30 minute. / Values measured at 30 minutes.
1.3.7 LOCALITI N CARE S-AU NREGISTRAT DEPIRI ALE CONCENTRAIEI MAXIME ADMISIBILE, N 1999
LOCALITIES WHICH RECORDED EXCEEDS OF THE MAXIMUM ADMITTED CONCENTRATION, IN 1999

continuare / continued
Frecvena depirii
Variaia / Change
Denumirea judeului, concentraiei
localitii i a substanei Concentraiei Concentraiei maxime admisibile
U.M.
poluante maxime efective medii anuale Frequency of exceeding
M.U .
Name of county, locality Effective maximum Yearly average the maximum admitted
and pollutants concentration concentration concentration
min. max. min. max. (%)

BOTOANI
Municipiul Botoani
Amoniac mg / m3 - 0,10 - 0,02 0,29
Ammonia
BRAOV
Municipiul Braov
Pulberi n suspensie mg / m3 - 0,63 - 0,12 24,18
Suspended powder
Pulberi sedimentabile g / m2 6,25 547,46 5,16 72,38 31,76
Deposited powder
Ora Codlea
Pulberi sedimentabile g / m2 - 26,00 - 9,50 16,67
Deposited powder
Municipiul Fgra
Pulberi sedimentabile g / m2 - 20,22 - 8,66 16,67
Deposited powder
Cristian
Pulberi sedimentabile g / m2 - 20,22 - 10,37 27,30
Deposited powder
Hoghiz
Pulberi sedimentabile g / m2 - 21,66 - 10,24 18,20
Deposited powder
Cuciulata
Pulberi sedimentabile g / m2 31,77 57,76 13,48 18,17 30,55
Deposited powder
BRILA
Municipiul Brila
Pulberi sedimentabile g / m2 11,55 30,80 9,34 13,68 7,14
Deposited powder
BUZU
Municipiul Buzu
Amoniac mg / m3 0,04 0,11 0,01 0,04 0,75
Ammonia
Pulberi sedimentabile g / m2 4,96 35,52 1,87 13,71 7,76
Deposited powder
Municipiul Rmnicu Srat
Pulberi sedimentabile g / m2 6,26 25,70 3,13 10,57 6,90
Deposited powder
CARA-SEVERIN
Municipiul Reia
Pulberi n suspensie mg / m3 0,16 0,17 0,13 0,14 14,03
Suspended powder
Pulberi sedimentabile g / m2 7,94 17,04 6,72 12,58 1,67
Deposited powder
Municipiul Caransebe
Pulberi n suspensie mg / m3 0,16 0,16 0,13 0,14 13,22
Suspended powder
Pulberi sedimentabile g / m2 9,79 26,00 7,76 15,33 22,22
Deposited powder
Ora Oelu Rou
Pulberi n suspensie mg / m3 - 0,16 - 0,12 11,63
Suspended powder
Pulberi sedimentabile g / m2 20,00 22,30 13,59 14,08 12,50
Deposited powder
1.3.7 LOCALITI N CARE S-AU NREGISTRAT DEPIRI ALE CONCENTRAIEI MAXIME ADMISIBILE, N 1999
LOCALITIES WHICH RECORDED EXCEEDS OF THE MAXIMUM ADMITTED CONCENTRATION, IN 1999

continuare / continued
Frecvena depirii
Variaia / Change
Denumirea judeului, concentraiei
localitii i a substanei Concentraiei Concentraiei maxime admisibile
U.M.
poluante maxime efective medii anuale Frequency of exceeding
M.U .
Name of county, locality Effective maximum Yearly average the maximum admitted
and pollutants concentration concentration concentration
min. max. min. max. (%)

CLRAI
Municipiul Clrai
Pulberi sedimentabile g / m2 13,29 55,19 8,47 16,42 12,12
Deposited powder

CLUJ
Municipiul Cluj-Napoca
Pulberi sedimentabile g / m2 16,16 36,34 6,01 12,73 11,00
Deposited powder
Municipiul Dej
Pulberi sedimentabile g / m2 - 17,22 - 0,46 8,00
Deposited powder
Municipiul Turda
Pulberi sedimentabile g / m2 11,16 67,10 5,05 34,61 23,00
Deposited powder
Ora Cmpia Turzii
Pulberi sedimentabile g / m2 - 29,12 - 2,44 25,00
Deposited powder

CONSTANA
Municipiul Constana
Amoniac1) mg / m3 - 1,59 - 0,09 3,34
Ammonia 1)
Pulberi sedimentabile g / m2 5,06 105,20 2,88 20,47 9,00
Deposited powder
Ora Ovidiu
Pulberi sedimentabile g / m2 - 47,76 - 15,19 22,00
Deposited powder

COVASNA
Municipiul Sfntu Gheorghe
Amoniac mg / m3 0,11 0,13 0,01 0,01 0,84
Ammonia

DMBOVIA
Municipiul Trgovite
Amoniac mg / m3 0,09 0,10 0,02 0,03 0,28
Ammonia
Aldehide mg / m3 - 0,03 - 0,01 3,88
Aldehydes
Pulberi n suspensie mg / m3 0,36 0,48 0,15 0,21 68,48
Suspended powder
Ora Fieni
Pulberi sedimentabile g / m2 12,44 45,53 8,11 21,64 16,60
Deposited powder

DOLJ
Municipiul Craiova
Dioxid de azot mg / m3 0,09 0,14 0,06 0,09 2,90
Nitrogen dioxide
Pulberi sedimentabile g / m2 19,14 24,66 14,52 18,53 22,57
Deposited powder

1)
Valori msurate la 30 minute. / Values measured at 30 minutes.
1.3.7 LOCALITI N CARE S-AU NREGISTRAT DEPIRI ALE CONCENTRAIEI MAXIME ADMISIBILE, N 1999
LOCALITIES WHICH RECORDED EXCEEDS OF THE MAXIMUM ADMITTED CONCENTRATION, IN 1999

continuare / continued
Frecvena depirii
Variaia / Change
Denumirea judeului, concentraiei
localitii i a substanei Concentraiei Concentraiei maxime admisibile
U.M.
poluante maxime efective medii anuale Frequency of exceeding
M.U .
Name of county, locality Effective maximum Yearly average the maximum admitted
and pollutants concentration concentration concentration
min. max. min. max. (%)

GALAI
Municipiul Galai
Amoniac mg / m3 0,10 0,40 0,01 0,02 0,70
Ammonia
Pulberi sedimentabile g / m2 13,60 363,04 5,74 43,96 18,67
Deposited powder
Municipiul Tecuci
Pulberi sedimentabile g / m2 - 25,10 - 9,12 9,10
Deposited powder

GIURGIU
Municipiul Giurgiu
Pulberi sedimentabile g / m2 20,00 26,07 4,97 8,51 12,50
Deposited powder

GORJ
Municipiul Trgu Jiu
Amoniac mg / m3 0,11 0,13 0,04 0,04 0,85
Ammonia
Pulberi sedimentabile g / m2 4,67 165,27 3,48 36,49 14,00
Deposited powder
Ora Rovinari
Pulberi sedimentabile g / m2 7,68 144,53 4,94 57,89 18,31
Deposited powder

HARGHITA
Municipiul Odorheiu
Secuiesc
Pulberi n suspensie mg / m3 - 0,35 - 0,09 13,01
Suspended powder
Pulberi sedimentabile g / m2 7,76 39,25 4,76 19,95 50,00
Deposited powder
Municipiul Miercurea Ciuc
Pulberi n suspensie mg / m3 0,34 0,48 0,08 0,10 9,90
Suspended powder
Pulberi sedimentabile g / m2 9,60 42,03 3,79 14,73 36,36
Deposited powder
Ora Blan
Pulberi sedimentabile g / m2 - 29,45 - 6,89 8,33
Deposited powder
Ora Cristuru Secuiesc
Pulberi sedimentabile g / m2 27,88 196,51 11,30 25,41 25,00
Deposited powder
Ora Gheorgheni
Pulberi n suspensie mg / m3 - 0,54 - 0,11 21,92
Suspended powder
Pulberi sedimentabile g / m2 14,72 47,57 6,80 24,56 50,00
Deposited powder
Ora Vlhia
Pulberi sedimentabile g / m2 - 102,82 - 28,13 58,33
Deposited powder
Chileni
Pulberi sedimentabile g / m2 - 54,05 - 32,82 66,67
Deposited powder
1.3.7 LOCALITI N CARE S-AU NREGISTRAT DEPIRI ALE CONCENTRAIEI MAXIME ADMISIBILE, N 1999
LOCALITIES WHICH RECORDED EXCEEDS OF THE MAXIMUM ADMITTED CONCENTRATION, IN 1999

continuare / continued
Frecvena depirii
Variaia / Change
Denumirea judeului, concentraiei
localitii i a substanei Concentraiei Concentraiei maxime admisibile
U.M.
poluante maxime efective medii anuale Frequency of exceeding
M.U .
Name of county, locality Effective maximum Yearly average the maximum admitted
and pollutants concentration concentration concentration
min. max. min. max. (%)

HUNEDOARA
Municipiul Deva
Pulberi n suspensie mg / m3 0,13 0,22 0,05 0,08 5,88
Suspended powder
Municipiul Hunedoara
Amoniac mg / m3 0,05 0,18 0,02 0,04 0,70
Ammonia
Fenoli microgr / m3 5,00 91,00 2,61 13,40 1,61
Phenols
Pulberi n suspensie mg / m3 0,17 0,82 0,05 0,09 3,05
Suspended powder
Pulberi sedimentabile g / m2 17,83 275,74 5,96 54,33 22,02
Deposited powder
Municipiul Petroani
Pulberi sedimentabile g / m2 6,49 37,33 3,95 13,08 6,98
Deposited powder
Ora Clan
Pulberi sedimentabile g / m2 5,34 33,93 3,39 13,69 6,98
Deposited powder
Baru
Pulberi sedimentabile g / m2 6,42 43,14 3,36 19,94 29,17
Deposited powder
oimu
Pulberi sedimentabile g / m2 12,32 278,01 5,27 66,09 55,56
Deposited powder
IALOMIA
Municipiul Slobozia
Pulberi sedimentabile g / m2 10,03 32,33 4,11 8,83 3,38
Deposited powder
Amara
Pulberi sedimentabile g / m2 - 17,50 - 5,31 8,33
Deposited powder
IAI
Municipiul Iai
Amoniac mg / m3 0,10 0,20 0,03 0,05 1,04
Ammonia
Pulberi sedimentabile g / m2 7,62 87,17 4,73 39,27 50,00
Deposited powder
MARAMURE
Municipiul Baia Mare
Dioxid de sulf microgr / m3 135,00 392,00 7,00 31,00 1,00
Sulphur dioxide
Cadmiu microgr / m3 0,05 0,24 0,01 0,03 24,70
Cadmium
Pulberi n suspensie mg / m3 0,24 0,57 0,09 0,19 28,06
Suspended powder
Plumb i compui microgr / m3 2,67 13,90 0,45 3,00 49,32
Lead and lead compounds
Pulberi sedimentabile g / m2 3,05 18,11 1,49 6,13 1,00
Deposited powder
Bozata Mare
Pulberi sedimentabile g / m2 - 17,18 - 5,12 8,30
Deposited powder
1.3.7 LOCALITI N CARE S-AU NREGISTRAT DEPIRI ALE CONCENTRAIEI MAXIME ADMISIBILE, N 1999
LOCALITIES WHICH RECORDED EXCEEDS OF THE MAXIMUM ADMITTED CONCENTRATION, IN 1999

continuare / continued
Frecvena depirii
Variaia / Change
Denumirea judeului, concentraiei
localitii i a substanei Concentraiei Concentraiei maxime admisibile
U.M.
poluante maxime efective medii anuale Frequency of exceeding
M.U .
Name of county, locality Effective maximum Yearly average the maximum admitted
and pollutants concentration concentration concentration
min. max. min. max. (%)

Municipiul Sighetu Marmaiei


Pulberi sedimentabile g / m2 4,22 26,26 2,80 6,26 8,30
Deposited powder
omcua Mare
Pulberi sedimentabile g / m2 - 18,28 - 4,54 8,30
Deposited powder

MURE
Municipiul Trgu Mure
Pulberi n suspensie mg / m3 - 0,35 - 0,12 19,07
Suspended powder

NEAM
Municipiul Piatra Neam
Pulberi sedimentabile g / m2 9,75 31,64 4,98 17,15 10,50
Deposited powder
Svineti
Sulfai n suspensie microgr / m3 - 43,70 - 5,20 7,80
Suspended sulphates
Amoniac mg / m3 0,13 0,19 0,02 0,04 2,00
Ammonia
Dioxid de azot mg / m3 0,05 0,24 0,01 0,03 0,50
Nitrogen dioxide
Taca
Pulberi n suspensie mg / m3 0,15 0,18 0,10 0,11 2,80
Suspended powder
Pulberi sedimentabile g / m2 9,15 27,65 4,45 10,65 3,95
Deposited powder

OLT
Municipiul Slatina
Pulberi sedimentabile g / m2 5,23 35,51 2,47 17,33 0,16
Deposited powder
Municipiul Caracal
Pulberi sedimentabile g / m2 8,40 25,58 6,28 15,24 0,24
Deposited powder
Ora Drgneti-Olt
Pulberi sedimentabile g / m2 - 22,98 - 9,46 0,12
Deposited powder
Potcoava
Pulberi sedimentabile g / m2 - 29,14 - 10,22 0,16
Deposited powder

PRAHOVA
Municipiul Ploieti
Sulfai n suspensie microgr / m3 11,70 83,00 8,70 9,92 3,72
Suspended sulphates
Amoniac mg / m3 0,04 0,26 0,03 0,05 2,97
Ammonia
Hidrogen sulfurat microgr / m3 8,30 46,00 1,22 3,44 0,97
Sulphide hydrogen
Pulberi n suspensie mg / m3 0,15 0,86 0,13 0,14 20,46
Suspended powder
Ora Azuga
Pulberi n suspensie mg / m3 - 0,16 - 0,13 7,87
Suspended powder
1.3.7 LOCALITI N CARE S-AU NREGISTRAT DEPIRI ALE CONCENTRAIEI MAXIME ADMISIBILE, N 1999
LOCALITIES WHICH RECORDED EXCEEDS OF THE MAXIMUM ADMITTED CONCENTRATION, IN 1999

continuare / continued
Frecvena depirii
Variaia / Change
Denumirea judeului, concentraiei
localitii i a substanei Concentraiei Concentraiei maxime admisibile
U.M.
poluante maxime efective medii anuale Frequency of exceeding
M.U .
Name of county, locality Effective maximum Yearly average the maximum admitted
and pollutants concentration concentration concentration
min. max. min. max. (%)

Ora Comarnic
Pulberi n suspensie mg / m3 - 0,16 - 0,13 16,67
Suspended powder
Floreti
Pulberi n suspensie mg / m3 - 0,17 - 0,13 13,27
Suspended powder
SATU MARE
Municipiul Satu Mare
Amoniac1) mg / m3 0,10 0,70 0,05 0,27 0,25
Ammonia 1)
Substane oxidante1) microgr / m3 26,30 167,00 1,64 38,03 0,51
Oxidating substances 1)
SLAJ
Municipiul Zalu
Pulberi n suspensie mg / m3 0,13 0,21 0,05 0,08 5,30
Suspended powder
Substane oxidante microgr / m3 19,80 37,20 2,58 2,61 0,60
Oxidating substances
Pulberi sedimentabile g / m2 5,50 31,50 2,71 9,43 5,30
Deposited powder
SIBIU
Municipiul Media
Cadmiu microgr / m3 0,30 0,64 0,04 0,06 68,80
Cadmium
Pulberi n suspensie mg / m3 0,28 0,33 0,08 0,09 10,58
Suspended powder
Plumb i compui microgr / m3 13,33 19,64 1,32 1,77 60,40
Lead and lead compounds
Ora Copa Mic
Dioxid de sulf microgr / m3 70,50 393,20 4,80 25,10 0,57
Sulphur dioxide
Cadmiu microgr / m3 0,46 1,32 0,06 0,14 81,23
Cadmium
Pulberi n suspensie mg / m3 0,32 0,43 0,08 0,13 28,01
Suspended powder
Plumb i compui microgr / m3 14,00 39,02 1,82 5,00 78,15
Lead and lead compounds
Pulberi sedimentabile g / m2 3,98 26,28 2,32 7,65 1,85
Deposited powder
SUCEAVA
Municipiul Suceava
Sulfai n suspensie microgr / m3 - 23,80 - 6,95 9,77
Suspended sulphates
Amoniac mg / m3 0,09 0,12 0,02 0,03 0,32
Ammonia
Metil mercaptan microgr / m3 2,13 4,23 0,04 0,11 5,62
Methanethiol
Pulberi n suspensie mg / m3 - 0,19 - 0,08 4,25
Suspended powder
Pulberi sedimentabile g / m2 10,50 23,90 4,59 11,69 6,06
Deposited powder
1)
Valori msurate la 30 minute. / Values measured at 30 minutes.
1.3.7 LOCALITI N CARE S-AU NREGISTRAT DEPIRI ALE CONCENTRAIEI MAXIME ADMISIBILE, N 1999
LOCALITIES WHICH RECORDED EXCEEDS OF THE MAXIMUM ADMITTED CONCENTRATION, IN 1999

continuare / continued
Frecvena depirii
Variaia / Change
Denumirea judeului, concentraiei
localitii i a substanei Concentraiei Concentraiei maxime admisibile
U.M.
poluante maxime efective medii anuale Frequency of exceeding
M.U .
Name of county, locality Effective maximum Yearly average the maximum admitted
and pollutants concentration concentration concentration
min. max. min. max. (%)

Vereti
Pulberi sedimentabile g / m2 - 17,57 - 6,38 8,33
Deposited powder

TELEORMAN
Municipiul Turnu Mgurele
Amoniac mg / m3 0,05 0,33 0,01 0,06 1,09
Ammonia
Pulberi n suspensie mg / m3 0,17 0,34 0,11 0,11 2,95
Suspended powder
Municipiul Alexandria
Pulberi sedimentabile g / m2 7,97 25,50 3,85 9,56 1,66
Deposited powder

TIMI
Municipiul Timioara
Pulberi sedimentabile g / m2 8,33 28,13 5,43 12,89 14,70
Deposited powder
Municipiul Lugoj
Pulberi sedimentabile g / m2 22,40 27,33 9,30 10,03 13,20
Deposited powder
Ora Buzia
Pulberi sedimentabile g / m2 - 22,80 - 9,91 11,10
Deposited powder
Ora Deta
Pulberi sedimentabile g / m2 - 20,37 - 11,56 16,66
Deposited powder
Ora Snnicolau Mare
Pulberi sedimentabile g / m2 - 30,45 - 14,78 45,40
Deposited powder
Ora Fget
Pulberi sedimentabile g / m2 - 25,39 - 9,34 20,00
Deposited powder
Moravia
Pulberi sedimentabile g / m2 - 22,15 - 12,57 33,30
Deposited powder
Utvin
Pulberi sedimentabile g / m2 - 21,22 - 7,99 22,22
Deposited powder
Sag
Pulberi sedimentabile g / m2 - 26,31 - 10,19 30,00
Deposited powder

TULCEA
Municipiul Tulcea
Pulberi sedimentabile g / m2 10,15 42,19 6,40 13,34 8,75
Deposited powder

VASLUI
Municipiul Brlad
Pulberi sedimentabile g / m2 21,80 34,00 19,23 27,36 90,91
Deposited powder
Municipiul Hui
Pulberi sedimentabile g / m2 22,20 22,70 18,93 20,82 91,67
Deposited powder
1.3.7 LOCALITI N CARE S-AU NREGISTRAT DEPIRI ALE CONCENTRAIEI MAXIME ADMISIBILE, N 1999
LOCALITIES WHICH RECORDED EXCEEDS OF THE MAXIMUM ADMITTED CONCENTRATION, IN 1999

continuare / continued
Frecvena depirii
Variaia / Change
Denumirea judeului, concentraiei
localitii i a substanei Concentraiei Concentraiei maxime admisibile
U.M.
poluante maxime efective medii anuale Frequency of exceeding
M.U .
Name of county, locality Effective maximum Yearly average the maximum admitted
and pollutants concentration concentration concentration
min. max. min. max. (%)

Ora Negreti
Pulberi sedimentabile g / m2 19,80 24,30 18,23 21,21 93,75
Deposited powder
Municipiul Vaslui
Pulberi sedimentabile g / m2 19,90 32,30 17,78 24,69 95,83
Deposited powder

VLCEA
Municipiul Rmnicu Vlcea
Acid clorhidric microgr / m3 88,00 140,00 11,00 22,00 0,62
Chlorine acid
Pulberi n suspensie mg / m3 0,20 0,48 0,09 0,10 8,40
Suspended powder
Czneti
Acid clorhidric microgr / m3 150,00 160,00 22,00 29,00 3,36
Chlorine acid
Amoniac mg / m3 0,14 0,16 0,01 0,02 0,75
Ammonia
Pulberi n suspensie mg / m3 - 0,20 - 0,08 5,20
Suspended powder

VRANCEA
Municipiul Focani
Pulberi sedimentabile g / m2 10,30 20,50 6,66 14,56 12,50
Deposited powder

BUCURETI
Municipiul Bucureti
Pulberi n suspensie mg / m3 0,14 0,23 0,05 0,08 6,47
Suspended powder

1.3.8 DEFOLIEREA ARBORILOR LA PRINCIPALELE SPECII I LA TOATE VRSTELE,


PE CLASE DE DEFOLIERE, N 1999
TREES DEFOLIATION, BY DEFOLIATION CLASSES, FOR THE MAIN SPECIES AND ALL AGES, IN 1999

Suprafaa Clasa de defoliere


pdurilor Defoliation class
(mii ha) (%)
Forests area neafectat uor mediu sever uscat
(thou hectares) unaffected slight medium severe dry

Total ar 6226 65,6 21,7 11,4 0,8 0,5


Total country

- rinoase 1861 70,4 20,5 8,1 0,6 0,4


coniferous

- foioase 4365 63,9 22,1 12,6 0,9 0,5


broad-leaved
1.3.9 REPARTIZAREA TERENURILOR AGRICOLE PE CLASE DE PRETABILITATE, LA 31 DECEMBRIE 1999
DISTRIBUTION OF AGRICULTURAL LAND BY SUITABILITY CLASSES, ON DECEMBER 31, 1999

Modul de folosin / Use


Puni i fnee Vii i livezi
Total agricol Arabil
Clasa de pretabilitate Pastures and Vineyards and
Total agricultural Arable
Suitability hayfields orchards
mii ha mii ha mii ha mii ha
(%) (%) (%) (%)
thou ha thou ha thou ha thou ha

Suprafaa total / Total area 14731 100,0 9358 100,0 4835 100,0 538 100,0
din care, n clasa de pretabilitate:
of which, in the suitability class:
I 410 2,8 355 3,8 54 1,1 1 0,2
II 3656 24,8 3353 35,8 220 4,6 83 15,4
III 3083 20,9 2364 25,3 597 12,3 122 22,7
IV 3614 24,5 1728 18,5 1758 36,4 128 23,8
V 3968 27,0 1558 16,6 2206 45,6 204 37,9

1.3.10 SUPRAFAA TERENURILOR AGRICOLE AFECTATE DE DIVERI FACTORI LIMITATIVI


AI CAPACITII PRODUCTIVE, N 1999 1)
AGRICULTURAL LAND AREA AFFECTED BY VARIOUS FACTORS RESTRAINING
THE PRODUCTIVE CAPACITY, IN 1999 1)

Suprafaa afectat
(mii ha)
Denumirea factorului Name of factor
Affected area
(thou hectares)

Secet frecvent 7100 Frequent drought


din care: cu amenajri pentru irigaii 1) 3211 of which: plannings for irigations 1)
Exces periodic de umiditate n sol 3781 Humidity periodical excess in soil
din care: cu amenajri de desecare - drenaj 1) 3196 of which: plannings for dryness - drainage 1)

Eroziunea solului prin ap 6300 Water soil erosion


din care: cu amenajri antierozionale 1) 2274 of which: antierosion plannings 1)
Alunecri de teren 702 Landslide
Eroziunea solului prin vnt 378 Wind soil erosion
Schelet excesiv de la suprafaa solului 300 Excessive skeleton from soil surface
Srturarea solului 614 Soil salt
Compactarea solului datorit lucrrilor Soil compaction due to inadequate
necorespunztoare ("talpa plugului") 6500 works ("plough sole")
Compactarea natural a solului 2060 Soil natural compaction
Formarea de crust 2300 Crust formation
Rezerv mic i foarte mic de humus n sol 7485 Small and very small humus deposit in soil
Aciditate puternic i moderat 3424 Strong and moderate acidity
Alcalinitate ridicat 223 High alkalinity
Asigurarea slab i foarte slab Very weak and weak ensuring with
cu fosfor mobil 6330 mobile phosphorus
Asigurarea slab i foarte slab Very weak and weak ensuring with
cu potasiu mobil 787 mobile potassium
Asigurarea slab cu azot 5110 Weak ensuring with nitrogen
Carene de microelemente (zinc) 1500 Scarcity of microelements (zinc)
Poluarea chimic a solului datorit Soil chemical pollution due to different
diferitelor activiti social-economice 900 socio-economic activities

Not: Aceeai suprafa poate fi afectat de unul sau mai muli factori restrictivi. / Note: The same area can be concomitantly affected by several factors.
1)
Amenajrile menionate sunt n cea mai mare parte nefuncionale, datorit nentreinerii lor./Mentioned plannings are mostly not functioning due to their
unmaintenance.
1.3.11 CHELTUIELILE PENTRU PROTECIA MEDIULUI, N 1999
EXPENDITURES FOR ENVIRONMENT PROTECTION, IN 1999

milioane lei preuri curente / million lei current prices


Prevenirea i Protecia Cercetare, Administrarea
combaterea mediului dezvoltare, general a
Sectoare de activitate polurii natural instruire mediului
Total
Activity sectors Prevention and Natural Research, Environment
control of environment development, general
pollution protection training management

Cheltuieli totale
Total expenditures

Total 7981991 7166730 460976 152025 202260

Agricultur 67174 11374 51778 3053 969


Agriculture

Silvicultur 204015 151 203859 5 -


Sylviculture

Industrie extractiv 458473 405889 41934 4339 6311


Mining and quarrying

Industrie prelucrtoare 1524849 1450456 5144 21232 48017


Manufacturing

Recuperarea deeurilor 603530 603530 - - -


Waste recovery

Energie electric i termic,


gaze i ap 3691533 3595373 79277 5690 11193
Electric and thermal energy,
gas and water

Transport i depozitare 117967 103368 12677 116 1806


Transport and storage

Administraie public 275709 85523 60826 1327 128033


Public administration

Asanarea i ndeprtarea
gunoaielor, salubritate 883120 881559 1549 5 7
Street sweeping, draining off
and removal, sewerage

Cercetare tiinific 104132 10033 2039 88692 3368


Scientific research

Alte activiti 51489 19474 1893 27566 2556


Other activities
Cheltuieli curente
Current expenditures

Total 5533765 5052555 293713 13308 174189

Agricultur 60427 7658 51778 53 938


Agriculture

Silvicultur 134197 151 134041 5 -


Sylviculture

Industrie extractiv 349995 332373 10909 1203 5510


Mining and quarrying

Industrie prelucrtoare 946296 896563 2073 5844 41816


Manufacturing

Recuperarea deeurilor 568187 568187 - - -


Waste recovery
1.3.11 CHELTUIELILE PENTRU PROTECIA MEDIULUI, N 1999
EXPENDITURES FOR ENVIRONMENT PROTECTION, IN 1999

milioane lei preuri curente - continuare / million lei current prices - continued
Prevenirea i Protecia Cercetare, Administrarea
combaterea mediului dezvoltare, general a
Sectoare de activitate polurii natural instruire mediului
Total
Activity sectors Prevention and Natural Research, Environment
control of environment development, general
pollution protection training management

Energie electric i termic,


gaze i ap 2323533 2265872 47695 4189 5777
Electric and thermal energy,
gas and water

Transport i depozitare 77849 71866 5371 116 496


Transport and storage

Administraie public 220022 64898 38644 221 116259


Public administration

Asanarea i ndeprtarea
gunoaielor, salubritate 822866 821976 878 5 7
Street sweeping, draining off
and removal, sewerage

Cercetare tiinific 16250 10033 2039 1510 2668


Scientific research

Alte activiti 14143 12978 285 162 718


Other activities
Cheltuieli de investiii
Investment expenditures

Total 2448226 2114175 167263 138717 28071

Agricultur 6747 3716 - 3000 31


Agriculture

Silvicultur 69818 - 69818 - -


Sylviculture

Industrie extractiv 108478 73516 31025 3136 801


Mining and quarrying

Industrie prelucrtoare 578553 553893 3071 15388 6201


Manufacturing

Recuperarea deeurilor 35343 35343 - - -


Waste recovery

Energie electric i termic,


gaze i ap 1368000 1329501 31582 1501 5416
Electric and thermal energy,
gas and water

Transport i depozitare 40118 31502 7306 - 1310


Transport and storage

Administraie public 55687 20625 22182 1106 11774


Public administration

Asanarea i ndeprtarea
gunoaielor, salubritate 60254 59583 671 - -
Street sweeping, draining off
and removal, sewerage

Cercetare tiinific 87882 - - 87182 700


Scientific research

Alte activiti 37346 6496 1608 27404 1838


Other activities
CAPITOLUL

CHAPTER
2

Populaia Population

2.1 Populaia i structura Population and its demographic


demografic structure
2.2 Micarea natural a populaiei Vital statistics
2.3 Micarea migratorie a populaiei Population migration
2.1 POPULAIA I POPULATION AND ITS
STRUCTURA DEMOGRAFIC DEMOGRAPHIC STRUCTURE

CUPRINS CONTENTS
Pagina
Page
Tabele: Tables:
2.1.1 Populaia pe sexe ................................ 53 Population by sex
2.1.2 Populaia pe medii ............................... 53 Population by area
2.1.3 Populaia pe grupe de vrst i sexe, Population by age groups and sex,
la 1 iulie .............................................. 54 on July 1
2.1.4 Populaia pe medii, sexe i vrste, Population by area, sex and
la 1 iulie 1999 ..................................... 55 age, on July 1, 1999
2.1.5 Populaia judeelor, municipiilor Population of counties, municipalities
i oraelor, la 1 iulie 1999 ................... 57 and towns, on July 1, 1999
2.1.6 Gruparea judeelor i localitilor dup Classification of counties and localities
numrul locuitorilor, la 1 iulie 1999 ..... 59 by inhabitants number, on July 1, 1999

Sursa datelor Data source

Recensmintele populaiei i sistemul informaional Population censuses and demographic information


statistic demografic, pentru datele referitoare la statistical system, for data referring to population and
populaie i la structura demografic. its demographic structure.

Precizri metodologice Methodological notes

Numrul locuitorilor pentru anii intercensitari s-a For intercensus years, the inhabitants number has
determinat pe baza datelor de la recensminte i a been determined based on data from censuses and of
celor referitoare la micarea natural i migratorie. vital statistics and migration.
Repartizarea populaiei pe medii s-a realizat astfel: Population breakdown by area was as follows:
- pentru anii 1930 i 1948, n mediul urban au - for 1930 and 1948, urban area included
fost cuprinse municipiile, oraele i comunele municipalities, towns and suburban communes;
suburbane; - for 1956 and in the forthcoming years, until
- pentru anul 1956 i anii urmtori, pn n anul 1966, urban area included municipalities, towns and
1966, n mediul urban sunt cuprinse municipiile, the 183 localities assimilated to the urban area;
oraele i cele 183 localiti asimilate mediului urban; - for 1966 and 1967, urban area included
- pentru anii 1966 i 1967, n mediul urban sunt municipalities, towns and 238 communes assimilated
incluse datele referitoare la municipii, orae i 238 to the urban area;
comune asimilate urbanului; - starting with 1968, urban area includes only
- ncepnd cu anul 1968, n mediul urban sunt municipalities and towns.
cuprinse numai municipiile i oraele. Age is expressed in the years reached during the
Vrsta este exprimat n ani mplinii (de exemplu, o year (for instance, a person of 24 years and 11 months
persoan avnd vrsta de 24 ani i 11 luni este is considered to be 24 years old).
considerat ca avnd vrsta de 24 ani). At the level of territorial units (counties, localities) data
La nivelul unitilor teritoriale (judee, localiti) datele on population refer to stable population.
cu privire la populaie se refer la populaia stabil. The stable population of a locality on July 1,
Populaia stabil a unei localiti la 1 iulie cuprinde: includes:
- persoanele care la data de 1 iulie aveau - persons who, on July 1, had permanent
domiciliul permanent n localitatea respectiv, cu residence in the respective locality, excepting persons
excepia persoanelor care la data respectiv aveau who, on respective date, had temporary residence in
reedina temporar n alte localiti; another locality;
- persoanele care la data de 1 iulie aveau - persons who, on July 1, had permanent
domiciliul permanent n alte localiti, dar care la data residence in another locality but who, on respective
respectiv aveau reedina temporar n localitatea date, had temporary residence in the respective
respectiv. locality.
POPULAIA PE VRSTE I SEXE LA 1 IULIE 1999
POPULATION BY AGE AND SEX ON JULY 1, 1999

Masculin Vrsta Feminin


Male Age Female
100
95
90
85
80
75
70
65
60
55
50
45
40
35
30
25
20
15
10
5
0

300 250 200 150 100 50 0 0 50 100 150 200 250 300

Mii / Thousands Mii / Thousands

STRUCTURA POPULAIEI PE MEDII LA 1 IULIE, N PERIOADA 1930 - 1999


STRUCTURE OF POPULATION BY URBAN AND RURAL AREA ON JULY 1, DURING 1930 - 1999

%
100
90
80 45.1 45.2
45.7
54.2
70 63.1
67.9
60 79.4 77.2 75.3

50
40
30 54.9 54.8
54.3
45.8
20 36.9
32.1
10 20.6 22.8 24.7

0
1930 1940 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 1995 1999

Urban Rural
STRUCTURA POPULAIEI PE SEXE, LA 1 IULIE 1999
STRUCTURE OF POPULATION BY SEX, ON JULY 1, 1999

48,9%

51,1%

Total

48,3% 49,6%

51,7% 50,4%

Urban Rural

Masculin / Male Feminin / Female

STRUCTURA POPULAIEI PE MEDII, LA 1 IULIE 1999


STRUCTURE OF POPULATION BY AREA, ON JULY 1, 1999

54,8%

45,2%

Total

54,1% 55,4%

45,9% 44,6%

Masculin / Male Feminin / Female

Urban Rural
2.1.1 POPULAIA PE SEXE
POPULATION BY SEX

Numrul locuitorilor n procente fa de total


Inhabitants number As percentage of total
Masculin Feminin Masculin Feminin
Total
Male Female Male Female

29 decembrie 1930 1) 14280729 7015771 7264958 49,1 50,9 December 29, 1930 1)
25 ianuarie 1948 1) 15872624 7671983 8200641 48,3 51,7 January 25, 1948 1)
21 februarie 1956 1) 17489450 8503420 8986030 48,6 51,4 February 21, 1956 1)
15 martie 1966 1) 19103163 9351075 9752088 49,0 51,0 March 15, 1966 1)
1 iulie 1970 20252541 9945027 10307514 49,1 50,9 July 1, 1970
5 ianuarie 1977 1) 21559910 10626055 10933855 49,3 50,7 January 5, 1977 1)
1 iulie 1980 22201387 10953637 11247750 49,3 50,7 July 1, 1980
1 iulie 1981 22352635 11029625 11323010 49,3 50,7 July 1, 1981
1 iulie 1982 22477703 11091465 11386238 49,3 50,7 July 1, 1982
1 iulie 1983 22553074 11128723 11424351 49,3 50,7 July 1, 1983
1 iulie 1984 22624505 11165086 11459419 49,3 50,7 July 1, 1984
1 iulie 1985 22724836 11214313 11510523 49,3 50,7 July 1, 1985
1 iulie 1986 22823479 11261467 11562012 49,3 50,7 July 1, 1986
1 iulie 1987 22940430 11319082 11621348 49,3 50,7 July 1, 1987
1 iulie 1988 23053552 11374681 11678871 49,3 50,7 July 1, 1988
1 iulie 1989 23151564 11422472 11729092 49,3 50,7 July 1, 1989
1 iulie 1990 23206720 11449147 11757573 49,3 50,7 July 1, 1990
1 iulie 1991 23185084 11435286 11749798 49,3 50,7 July 1, 1991
7 ianuarie 1992 1) 22810035 11213763 11596272 49,2 50,8 January 7, 1992 1)
1 iulie 1992 22788969 11200695 11588274 49,1 50,9 July 1, 1992
1 iulie 1993 22755260 11176390 11578870 49,1 50,9 July 1, 1993
1 iulie 1994 22730622 11156807 11573815 49,1 50,9 July 1, 1994
1 iulie 1995 22680951 11123977 11556974 49,0 51,0 July 1, 1995
1 iulie 1996 22607620 11080933 11526687 49,0 51,0 July 1, 1996
1 iulie 1997 22545925 11041414 11504511 49,0 51,0 July 1, 1997
1 iulie 1998 22502803 11012110 11490693 48,9 51,1 July 1, 1998
1 iulie 1999 22458022 10984529 11473493 48,9 51,1 July 1, 1999
1)
Recensmnt / Census
2.1.2 POPULAIA PE MEDII
POPULATION BY AREA

Numrul locuitorilor n procente fa de total


Inhabitants number As percentage of total
Total Urban Rural Urban Rural
1)
29 decembrie 1930 14280729 3051253 11229476 21,4 78,6 December 29, 1930 1)
25 ianuarie 1948 1) 15872624 3713139 12159485 23,4 76,6 January 25, 1948 1)
21 februarie 1956 1) 17489450 5474264 12015186 31,3 68,7 February 21, 1956 1)
15 martie 1966 1) 19103163 7305714 11797449 38,2 61,8 March 15, 1966 1)
1 iulie 1970 20252541 7464811 12787730 36,9 63,1 July 1, 1970
5 ianuarie 1977 1) 21559910 9395729 12164181 43,6 56,4 January 5, 1977 1)
1 iulie 1980 22201387 10171618 12029769 45,8 54,2 July 1, 1980
1 iulie 1981 22352635 10484896 11867739 46,9 53,1 July 1, 1981
1 iulie 1982 22477703 10872275 11605428 48,4 51,6 July 1, 1982
1 iulie 1983 22553074 11054179 11498895 49,0 51,0 July 1, 1983
1 iulie 1984 22624505 11141775 11482730 49,2 50,8 July 1, 1984
1 iulie 1985 22724836 11370092 11354744 50,0 50,0 July 1, 1985
1 iulie 1986 22823479 11540494 11282985 50,6 49,4 July 1, 1986
1 iulie 1987 22940430 11770927 11169503 51,3 48,7 July 1, 1987
1 iulie 1988 23053552 11961847 11091705 51,9 48,1 July 1, 1988
1 iulie 1989 23151564 12311803 10839761 53,2 46,8 July 1, 1989
1 iulie 1990 23206720 12608844 10597876 54,3 45,7 July 1, 1990
1 iulie 1991 23185084 12552407 10632677 54,1 45,9 July 1, 1991
7 ianuarie 1992 1) 22810035 12391819 10418216 54,3 45,7 January 7, 1992 1)
1 iulie 1992 22788969 12367358 10421611 54,3 45,7 July 1, 1992
1 iulie 1993 22755260 12406204 10349056 54,5 45,5 July 1, 1993
1 iulie 1994 22730622 12427612 10303010 54,7 45,3 July 1, 1994
1 iulie 1995 22680951 12457195 10223756 54,9 45,1 July 1, 1995
1 iulie 1996 22607620 12411174 10196446 54,9 45,1 July 1, 1996
1 iulie 1997 22545925 12404690 10141235 55,0 45,0 July 1, 1997
1 iulie 1998 22502803 12347886 10154917 54,9 45,1 July 1, 1998
1 iulie 1999 22458022 12302729 10155293 54,8 45,2 July 1, 1999
1)
Recensmnt / Census
2.1.3 POPULAIA PE GRUPE DE VRST I SEXE, LA 1 IULIE
POPULATION BY AGE GROUPS AND SEX, ON JULY 1

Grupa de vrst
1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Age group

Total

Total 23206720 23185084 22788969 22755260 22730622 22680951 22607620 22545925 22502803 22458022

0 - 4 ani / years 1804577 1726850 1561738 1447442 1344603 1230111 1210385 1176809 1164375 1147065
5 - 9 ani / years 1698338 1661376 1663026 1712739 1748408 1745594 1660092 1545381 1432890 1330733
10-14 ani / years 1965761 1940607 1877489 1787286 1709752 1668736 1629272 1653603 1702905 1737153
15-19 ani / years 1879413 1885563 1940420 1983805 1989300 1963531 1931368 1867270 1778748 1701881
20-24 ani / years 1974066 2089307 2053179 1863964 1811743 1821743 1865679 1925230 1971486 1978835
25-29 ani / years 1394385 1344003 1282184 1553696 1722468 1860909 1966330 2023782 1840922 1792822
30-34 ani / years 1708351 1642261 1509773 1423335 1358098 1304670 1253426 1261820 1530833 1698268
35-39 ani / years 1719973 1741026 1716565 1713885 1703523 1629455 1559567 1481333 1397863 1335039
40-44 ani / years 1437067 1518075 1557971 1621979 1616824 1641338 1659872 1674354 1672572 1663784
45-49 ani / years 1197389 1196851 1184360 1208119 1280013 1379540 1453442 1507445 1569567 1565367
50-54 ani / years 1440824 1376473 1311373 1243868 1191961 1127631 1127421 1131187 1154151 1224217
55-59 ani / years 1353610 1353912 1352738 1352624 1352572 1346724 1281600 1229211 1165922 1118307
60-64 ani / years 1219343 1229794 1245067 1247514 1244970 1240340 1240664 1236955 1236471 1236759
65-69 ani / years 981443 1020811 1036572 1054267 1065347 1076980 1084498 1096234 1098488 1096340
70-74 ani / years 488301 531491 599741 705495 775103 807128 838592 853947 869093 878928
75-79 ani / years 534295 500051 444118 368942 342947 357363 389509 446755 521738 570487
80-84 ani / years 282491 293740 308226 316381 316996 316317 291297 262266 216665 203725
85 ani i peste / years and over 127093 132893 144429 149919 155994 162841 164606 172343 178114 178312
Masculin / Male

Total 11449147 11435286 11200695 11176390 11156807 11123977 11080933 11041414 11012110 10984529

0 - 4 ani / years 920789 881373 797694 739337 688138 630505 621226 604385 598096 589114
5 - 9 ani / years 868332 849835 848135 874298 891532 890004 846622 788749 731471 680826
10-14 ani / years 1004929 991381 958136 911690 872517 851658 831109 842923 868904 885222
15-19 ani / years 960249 963817 998600 1019223 1018744 1003286 985747 952147 906608 867847
20-24 ani / years 1006055 1064447 1035115 941616 917886 926452 955079 990038 1012237 1012677
25-29 ani / years 713569 687414 652023 789168 875520 945601 994591 1019592 929657 908102
30-34 ani / years 867612 835984 762338 719312 686792 659526 634625 640148 776365 862252
35-39 ani / years 867235 877932 860708 858797 853447 816792 782465 744012 702767 671937
40-44 ani / years 719660 760856 778927 809656 806483 818082 826401 832077 830340 825894
45-49 ani / years 589390 589538 586496 598149 633658 682554 718108 743679 772860 770204
50-54 ani / years 699308 666066 636237 603328 578792 547655 547250 549640 560517 594690
55-59 ani / years 653789 652892 648645 646324 643751 638434 605672 579790 549868 528092
60-64 ani / years 573727 578604 586011 585451 582399 578096 576398 572084 569177 566825
65-69 ani / years 430135 453989 464803 476023 481624 486530 489098 493296 492485 489949
70-74 ani / years 196874 214221 240788 285573 317666 335662 352525 362164 370956 375769
75-79 ani / years 213853 197120 172809 141419 130018 134813 146590 168551 198047 219286
80-84 ani / years 112559 116273 119458 121218 119855 118066 107035 95404 77543 71824
85 ani i peste / years and over 51082 53544 53772 55808 57985 60261 60392 62735 64212 64019
Feminin / Female

Total 11757573 11749798 11588274 11578870 11573815 11556974 11526687 11504511 11490693 11473493

0 - 4 ani / years 883788 845477 764044 708105 656465 599606 589159 572424 566279 557951
5 - 9 ani / years 830006 811541 814891 838441 856876 855590 813470 756632 701419 649907
10-14 ani / years 960832 949226 919353 875596 837235 817078 798163 810680 834001 851931
15-19 ani / years 919164 921746 941820 964582 970556 960245 945621 915123 872140 834034
20-24 ani / years 968011 1024860 1018064 922348 893857 895291 910600 935192 959249 966158
25-29 ani / years 680816 656589 630161 764528 846948 915308 971739 1004190 911265 884720
30-34 ani / years 840739 806277 747435 704023 671306 645144 618801 621672 754468 836016
35-39 ani / years 852738 863094 855857 855088 850076 812663 777102 737321 695096 663102
40-44 ani / years 717407 757219 779044 812323 810341 823256 833471 842277 842232 837890
45-49 ani / years 607999 607313 597864 609970 646355 696986 735334 763766 796707 795163
50-54 ani / years 741516 710407 675136 640540 613169 579976 580171 581547 593634 629527
55-59 ani / years 699821 701020 704093 706300 708821 708290 675928 649421 616054 590215
60-64 ani / years 645616 651190 659056 662063 662571 662244 664266 664871 667294 669934
65-69 ani / years 551308 566822 571769 578244 583723 590450 595400 602938 606003 606391
70-74 ani / years 291427 317270 358953 419922 457437 471466 486067 491783 498137 503159
75-79 ani / years 320442 302931 271309 227523 212929 222550 242919 278204 323691 351201
80-84 ani / years 169932 177467 188768 195163 197141 198251 184262 166862 139122 131901
85 ani i peste / years and over 76011 79349 90657 94111 98009 102580 104214 109608 113902 114293
2.1.4 POPULAIA PE MEDII, SEXE I VRSTE, LA 1 IULIE 1999
POPULATION BY AREA, SEX AND AGE, ON JULY 1, 1999

Total Urban Rural


Ambele din care: Ambele din care: Ambele din care:
Vrsta
Age sexe Feminin sexe Feminin sexe Feminin
Both of which: Both of which: Both of which:
sex Female sex Female sex Female

Total 22458022 11473493 12302729 6359021 10155293 5114472


0-4 ani / years 1147065 557951 529308 256900 617757 301051
0 ani / years 231475 112717 107295 52131 124180 60586
1 an / year 232851 113192 107260 52029 125591 61163
2 ani / years 223922 109096 104482 50839 119440 58257
3 ani / years 229898 111677 105828 51124 124070 60553
4 ani / years 228919 111269 104443 50777 124476 60492
5-9 ani / years 1330733 649907 671264 327359 659469 322548
5 ani / years 243524 118633 112643 54574 130881 64059
6 ani / years 242992 118325 114631 55705 128361 62620
7 ani / years 255364 124725 125422 61055 129942 63670
8 ani / years 248333 121437 130251 63726 118082 57711
9 ani / years 340520 166787 188317 92299 152203 74488
10-14 ani / years 1737153 851931 1001255 491230 735898 360701
10 ani / years 343536 169175 192563 94600 150973 74575
11 ani / years 353430 172661 201328 98385 152102 74276
12 ani / years 367595 180587 209273 103110 158322 77477
13 ani / years 331026 162332 193989 95147 137037 67185
14 ani / years 341566 167176 204102 99988 137464 67188
15-19 ani / years 1701881 834034 1010246 497636 691635 336398
15 ani / years 307792 150646 182973 89788 124819 60858
16 ani / years 302941 148841 179992 88852 122949 59989
17 ani / years 341705 167329 203527 99896 138178 67433
18 ani / years 368580 180484 218982 107931 149598 72553
19 ani / years 380863 186734 224772 111169 156091 75565
20-24 ani / years 1978835 966158 1121495 559039 857340 407119
20 ani / years 383421 188301 223405 110997 160016 77304
21 ani / years 390152 191278 225662 112482 164490 78796
22 ani / years 403536 196914 230205 114667 173331 82247
23 ani / years 398199 194013 220958 110241 177241 83772
24 ani / years 403527 195652 221265 110652 182262 85000
25-29 ani / years 1792822 884720 991446 516470 801376 368250
25 ani / years 374354 180633 201460 101126 172894 79507
26 ani / years 342623 166555 182025 93006 160598 73549
27 ani / years 339970 170424 186687 98928 153283 71496
28 ani / years 348340 175781 196544 105095 151796 70686
29 ani / years 387535 191327 224730 118315 162805 73012
30-34 ani / years 1698268 836016 1050468 551690 647800 284326
30 ani / years 419379 205848 255404 133514 163975 72334
31 ani / years 520736 257369 330377 173801 190359 83568
32 ani / years 276826 135478 166609 87617 110217 47861
33 ani / years 236304 115939 144682 75897 91622 40042
34 ani / years 245023 121382 153396 80861 91627 40521
35-39 ani / years 1335039 663102 868403 456203 466636 206899
35 ani / years 248774 123124 158482 83324 90292 39800
36 ani / years 249370 123873 161187 84712 88183 39161
37 ani / years 263652 130957 171551 90478 92101 40479
38 ani / years 281111 139765 184477 96858 96634 42907
39 ani / years 292132 145383 192706 100831 99426 44552
40-44 ani / years 1663784 837890 1122014 582067 541770 255823
40 ani / years 307499 153933 203937 106929 103562 47004
41 ani / years 326966 164425 220686 115599 106280 48826
42 ani / years 333468 168132 226442 117682 107026 50450
43 ani / years 340689 171975 231438 119392 109251 52583
44 ani / years 355162 179425 239511 122465 115651 56960
2.1.4 POPULAIA PE MEDII, SEXE I VRSTE, LA 1 IULIE 1999
POPULATION BY AREA, SEX AND AGE, ON JULY 1, 1999

continuare / continued
Total Urban Rural
Ambele din care: Ambele din care: Ambele din care:
Vrsta
sexe Feminin sexe Feminin sexe Feminin
Age
Both of which: Both of which: Both of which:
sex Female sex Female sex Female

45-49 ani / years 1565367 795163 1002974 505529 562393 289634


45 ani / years 308724 156159 207167 105524 101557 50635
46 ani / years 319221 161815 209422 105722 109799 56093
47 ani / years 307828 156041 197031 98943 110797 57098
48 ani / years 310408 158032 194582 97508 115826 60524
49 ani / years 319186 163116 194772 97832 124414 65284

50-54 ani / years 1224217 629527 681297 344063 542920 285464


50 ani / years 302225 154649 178054 89244 124171 65405
51 ani / years 245585 125592 141468 71017 104117 54575
52 ani / years 241311 123790 132742 66792 108569 56998
53 ani / years 224912 116108 119875 60739 105037 55369
54 ani / years 210184 109388 109158 56271 101026 53117

55-59 ani / years 1118307 590215 544389 283650 573918 306565


55 ani / years 220837 115248 111881 57646 108956 57602
56 ani / years 209815 109619 104740 54161 105075 55458
57 ani / years 223243 117917 109555 57195 113688 60722
58 ani / years 209787 111177 100014 52226 109773 58951
59 ani / years 254625 136254 118199 62422 136426 73832

60-64 ani / years 1236759 669934 545789 294816 690970 375118


60 ani / years 251672 135607 116063 62352 135609 73255
61 ani / years 252392 136131 114423 61302 137969 74829
62 ani / years 251421 136391 110587 59986 140834 76405
63 ani / years 246938 134051 106114 57528 140824 76523
64 ani / years 234336 127754 98602 53648 135734 74106

65-69 ani / years 1096340 606391 448441 251629 647899 354762


65 ani / years 225654 123784 94063 52194 131591 71590
66 ani / years 224910 123632 92133 51415 132777 72217
67 ani / years 224942 124322 91124 51209 133818 73113
68 ani / years 214795 119633 87403 49393 127392 70240
69 ani / years 206039 115020 83718 47418 122321 67602

70-74 ani / years 878928 503159 342964 198962 535964 304197


70 ani / years 194379 109615 77258 44004 117121 65611
71 ani / years 186889 105739 74154 42591 112735 63148
72 ani / years 175669 100546 68235 39313 107434 61233
73 ani / years 166975 96703 64223 37535 102752 59168
74 ani / years 155016 90556 59094 35519 95922 55037

75-79 ani / years 570487 351201 214682 137535 355805 213666


75 ani / years 142661 84787 53481 33279 89180 51508
76 ani / years 128998 78350 47973 30327 81025 48023
77 ani / years 117681 73175 44404 28772 73277 44403
78 ani / years 95392 60500 36527 23917 58865 36583
79 ani / years 85755 54389 32297 21240 53458 33149

80-84 ani / years 203725 131901 80832 53948 122893 77953


80 ani / years 53815 34615 20702 13835 33113 20780
81 ani / years 26907 17593 11316 7614 15591 9979
82 ani / years 38748 25036 15429 10349 23319 14687
83 ani / years 39667 25837 15694 10422 23973 15415
84 ani / years 44588 28820 17691 11728 26897 17092

85 ani i peste 178312 114293 75462 50295 102850 63998


85 years and over
2.1.5 POPULAIA JUDEELOR, MUNICIPIILOR I ORAELOR, LA 1 IULIE 1999
POPULATION OF COUNTIES, MUNICIPALITIES AND TOWNS, ON JULY 1, 1999

Judee Numrul Judee Numrul Judee Numrul


Municipii / Orae locuitorilor Municipii / Orae locuitorilor Municipii / Orae locuitorilor
Counties Inhabitants Counties Inhabitants Counties Inhabitants
Municipalities / Towns number Municipalities / Towns number Municipalities / Towns number
ALBA 397713 BOTOANI 462976 CONSTANA 745954
Alba Iulia 1) 71848 Botoani 1) 127889 Constana 1) 340497
Aiud 1) 28768 Dorohoi 1) 35277 Mangalia 1) 43974
Blaj 1) 21523 Drbani 12014 Medgidia 1) 46633
Abrud 6673 Sveni 8717 Basarabi 11108
Baia de Arie 4865 Cernavod 20393
Cmpeni 8544 BRAOV 630744 Eforie 9295
Cugir 30122 Hrova 11233
Ocna Mure 15697 Braov 1) 312481 Nvodari 34968
Sebe 29483 Fgra 1) 44433 Negru Vod 5530
Teiu 7326 Codlea 24681 Ovidiu 13459
Zlatna 9225 Predeal 6646 Techirghiol 7396
Rnov 16222
ARAD 476624 Rupea 6294 COVASNA 230542
Scele 29953
1) 1)
Arad 183939 Victoria 10860 Sfntu Gheorghe 66599
Chiineu-Cri 8644 Zrneti 26616 Baraolt 10531
Curtici 9726 Covasna 12373
Ineu 10241 BRILA 387070 ntorsura Buzului 9089
Lipova 11351 Trgu Secuiesc 22087
Ndlag 8357 Brila 1) 232409
Pncota 7435 Furei 4627 DMBOVIA 552271
Sebi 6784 Ianca 12887
nsurei 7475 Trgovite 1) 98452
ARGE 673153 Fieni 8096
BUZU 505280 Geti 16475
Piteti 1) 187119 Moreni 22889
Cmpulung 1) 43432 Buzu 1) 146926 Pucioasa 16406
Curtea de Arge 1) 34599 Rmnicu Srat 1) 41917 Titu 10633
Costeti 12041 Nehoiu 12635
Mioveni 36068 Pogoanele 7660 DOLJ 745204
Topoloveni 10305
CARA-SEVERIN 355664 Craiova 1) 313173
BACU 750777 Calafat 1) 21116
Reia 1) 93183 Bileti 22214
1)
Bacu 208643 Caransebe 1) 31230 Filiai 20252
Oneti 1) 60301 Anina 10578 Segarcea 8711
Buhui 21986 Bile Herculane 6071
Comneti 26319 Boca 19019 GALAI 642943
Drmneti 14260 Moldova Nou 15020
Moineti 25506 Oravia 15158 Galai 1) 327928
Slnic-Moldova 5387 Oelu Rou 13091 Tecuci 1) 46641
Trgu Ocna 14135 Bereti 3936
CLRAI 331368 Trgu Bujor 8085
BIHOR 621760
Clrai 1) 77343 GIURGIU 295401
1)
Oradea 221703 Oltenia 1) 31209
Aled 10802 Budeti 9539 Giurgiu 1) 72466
Beiu 11950 Fundulea 6238 Bolintin-Vale 11464
Marghita 18619 Lehliu Gar 6635 Mihileti 7088
Nucet 2814
Salonta 19921 CLUJ 722891 GORJ 395099
tei 9279
Valea lui Mihai 10673 Cluj-Napoca 1) 332941 Trgu Jiu 1) 97830
Vacu 3024 Cmpia Turzii 1) 29783 Bumbeti-Jiu 11833
Dej 1) 40842 Motru 25798
BISTRIA-NSUD 325879 Turda 1) 60477 Novaci 6126
Gherla 24169 Rovinari 12696
Bistria 1) 86699 Huedin 9912 Trgu Crbuneti 9298
Beclean 11993 icleni 5147
Nsud 11294
Sngeorz-Bi 10654
1)
Municipii / Municipalities
Not: Municipiile subliniate sunt reedin de jude. / Note: Underlined municipalities are county residences.
2.1.5 POPULAIA JUDEELOR, MUNICIPIILOR I ORAELOR, LA 1 IULIE 1999
POPULATION OF COUNTIES, MUNICIPALITIES AND TOWNS, ON JULY 1, 1999

continuare / continued
Judee Numrul Judee Numrul Judee Numrul
Municipii / Orae locuitorilor Municipii / Orae locuitorilor Municipii / Orae locuitorilor
Counties Inhabitants Counties Inhabitants Counties Inhabitants
Municipalities / Towns number Municipalities / Towns number Municipalities / Towns number
HARGHITA 342128 MEHEDINI 323486 SLAJ 256856
1) 1) 1)
Miercurea Ciuc 46385 Drobeta-Turnu Severin 117340 Zalu 70497
Odorheiu Secuiesc 1) 38863 Baia de Aram 5778 Cehu Silvaniei 8483
Bile Tunad 1815 Orova 15250 Jibou 12330
Blan 9158 Strehaia 12604 imleu Silvaniei 16998
Borsec 3103 Vnju Mare 7053
Cristuru Secuiesc 11187 SIBIU 443662
Gheorgheni 21226 MURE 601552
Toplia 16795 Sibiu 1) 168652
1)
Vlhia 7476 Trgu Mure 164132 Media 1) 62234
Reghin 1) 38598 Agnita 12050
HUNEDOARA 526834 Sighioara 1) 36067 Avrig 16231
Iernut 9850 Cisndie 17264
Deva 1) 75790 Ludu 18684 Copa Mic 5216
Brad 1) 17936 Sovata 12328 Dumbrveni 8903
Hunedoara 1) 79620 Trnveni 29917 Ocna Sibiului 4085
Ortie 1) 24500 Tlmaciu 9064
Petroani 1) 50620 NEAM 585746
Aninoasa 6107 SUCEAVA 715228
Clan 14606 Piatra Neam 1) 124588
Haeg 12448 Roman 1) 81731 Suceava 1) 118183
Lupeni 31191 Bicaz 8936 Cmpulung Moldovenesc 1) 21726
Petrila 28526 Trgu Neam 22459 Flticeni 1) 33577
Simeria 14538 Rdui 1) 31982
Uricani 12071 OLT 510137 Gura Humorului 16684
Vulcan 32843 Siret 10003
Slatina 1) 86988 Solca 4659
IALOMIA 304690 Caracal 1) 38947 Vatra Dornei 17688
Bal 23043
Slobozia 1) 56092 Corabia 21778 TELEORMAN 459529
Feteti 1) 36665 Drgneti-Olt 13168
Urziceni 1) 18934 Piatra-Olt 6596 Alexandria 1) 58247
ndrei 14607 Scorniceti 13729 Roiori de Vede 1) 36379
Turnu Mgurele 1) 35084
IAI 833388 PRAHOVA 857761 Videle 12367
Zimnicea 16693
Iai 1) 347606 Ploieti 1) 250804
Pacani 1) 45883 Cmpina 1) 40298 TIMI 687377
Hrlu 11935 Azuga 6047
Trgu Frumos 13689 Bicoi 20173 Timioara 1) 328148
Boldeti-Scieni 11537 Lugoj 1) 49134
ILFOV 274824 Breaza 18768 Buzia 8188
Buteni 11640 Deta 7053
Buftea 19687 Comarnic 13519 Fget 7501
Mizil 17055 Jimbolia 10732
MARAMURE 531786 Plopeni 10026 Snnicolau Mare 12959
Sinaia 14546
Baia Mare 1) 150130 Slnic 7226 TULCEA 264175
Sighetu Marmaiei 1) 44258 Urlai 11891
Baia Sprie 15795 Vlenii de Munte 13822 Tulcea 1) 95490
Bora 27275 Babadag 10763
Cavnic 5518 SATU MARE 390704 Isaccea 5625
Seini 9416 Mcin 11744
Trgu Lpu 14087 Satu Mare 1) 129266 Sulina 5131
Vieu de Sus 18346 Carei 1) 25500
Negreti-Oa 16343
Tnad 10079
1)
Municipii / Municipalities
Not: Municipiile subliniate sunt reedin de jude. / Note: Underlined municipalities are county residences.
2.1.5 POPULAIA JUDEELOR, MUNICIPIILOR I ORAELOR, LA 1 IULIE 1999
POPULATION OF COUNTIES, MUNICIPALITIES AND TOWNS, ON JULY 1, 1999

continuare / continued
Judee Numrul Judee Numrul Judee Numrul
Municipii / Orae locuitorilor Municipii / Orae locuitorilor Municipii / Orae locuitorilor
Counties Inhabitants Counties Inhabitants Counties Inhabitants
Municipalities / Towns number Municipalities / Towns number Municipalities / Towns number
VASLUI 465008 VLCEA 431328 VRANCEA 391205
1) 1) 1)
Vaslui 78735 Rmnicu Vlcea 119601 Focani 98119
Brlad 1) 78386 Drgani 1) 22453 Adjud 20658
Hui 1) 32995 Bile Govora 3150 Mreti 13087
Negreti 10540 Bile Olneti 4828 Odobeti 8090
Brezoi 7513 Panciu 9764
Climneti 8910
Horezu 7403 BUCURETI 1) 2011305
Ocnele Mari 3562
1)
Municipii / Municipalities
Not: Municipiile subliniate sunt reedin de jude. / Note: Underlined municipalities are county residences.

2.1.6 GRUPAREA JUDEELOR I LOCALITILOR DUP NUMRUL LOCUITORILOR, LA 1 IULIE 1999


CLASSIFICATION OF COUNTIES AND LOCALITIES BY INHABITANTS NUMBER, ON JULY 1, 1999

Grupe de judee, municipii, Numrul judeelor, municipiilor,


orae i comune, oraelor i comunelor Numrul locuitorilor
dup numrul locuitorilor Number of counties, municipalities, Inhabitants number
Group of counties, municipalities, towns and communes
towns and communes, Date absolute n procente fa de total Date absolute n procente fa de total
by inhabitants number Absolute data Percentage of total Absolute data Percentage of total

Judee 1) / Counties 1)

Total 42 100,0 22458022 100,0


Sub / under 300.000 5 11,9 1321798 5,9
300.000 - 399.999 11 26,2 3945006 17,5
400.000 - 499.999 6 14,3 2739127 12,2
500.000 - 599.999 6 14,3 3212054 14,3
600.000 - 699.999 6 14,3 3857529 17,2
700.000 - 799.999 5 11,9 3680054 16,4
800.000 i peste / and over 3 7,1 3702454 16,5
Municipii i orae / Municipalities and towns
2)
Total 263 100,0 12302729 100,0
Sub / under 2.000 1 0,4 1815 *)
2.000 - 4.999 11 4,2 42653 0,3
5.000 - 9.999 58 22,0 442433 3,6
10.000 - 19.999 84 32,0 1149414 9,3
20.000 - 49.999 62 23,5 1943264 15,9
50.000 - 99.999 23 8,7 1757747 14,3
100.000 - 199.999 12 4,6 1737765 14,2
200.000 - 999.999 11 4,2 3216333 26,1
1.000.000 i peste / and over 1 0,4 2011305 16,3
Comune / Communes
Total 2685 2) 100,0 10155293 100,0

Sub / under 1.000 54 2,0 40029 0,4


1.000 - 1.999 396 14,8 629810 6,2
2.000 - 4.999 1643 61,2 5471879 53,9
5.000 - 9.999 559 20,8 3614154 35,6
10.000 i peste / and over 33 1,2 399421 3,9
1)
Inclusiv Municipiul Bucureti. / Including Bucharest Municipality.
2)
Conform organizrii administrative a teritoriului existent la 1 iulie 1999.
According to administrative territorial organization, on July 1, 1999.
2.2 MICAREA NATURAL A POPULAIEI VITAL STATISTICS

CUPRINS CONTENTS
Pagina
Page
Tabele: Tables:
2.2.1 Micarea natural a populaiei ............. 64 Vital statistics
2.2.2 Micarea natural a populaiei pe medii 66 Vital statistics by area
2.2.3 Nscuii-vii dup grupa de vrst
a prinilor ........................................... 66 Live-births by age group of parents
2.2.4 Nscuii-vii dup rangul nscutului-viu Live-births by live-birth order and age
i grupa de vrst a mamei ................. 70 group of mother
2.2.5 Ratele de fertilitate pe grupe de vrst Age-specific fertility rates and
i indicele conjunctural al fertilitii ...... 72 total fertility rate
2.2.6 Decesele pe grupe de vrst i sexe ... 74 Deaths by age group and sex
2.2.7 Decesele sub 1 an dup grupa
de vrst ............................................. 75 Infant deaths by age group
2.2.8 Ratele de mortalitate pe grupe de
vrst i sexe ...................................... 76 Mortality rates by age group and sex
2.2.9 Cstoriile dup grupa de vrst
a soilor ................................................ 76 Marriages by age group of spouses
2.2.10 Cstoriile dup starea civil a soilor Marriages by previous marital status
nainte de cstorie ............................. 80 of spouses
2.2.11 Vrsta medie la cstorie i vrsta Average age at marriage and average
medie la prima cstorie, pe medii ..... 81 age at first marriage, by area
2.2.12 Divorurile dup numrul copiilor minori Divorces by number of under age children
rmai prin desfacerea cstoriei ....... 81 remained through marriage dissolution
2.2.13 Divorurile dup grupa de vrst
a soilor ................................................ 82 Divorces by age group of spouses
2.2.14 Durata medie a vieii, pe sexe i medii . 86 Average life expectancy, by sex and area

Sursa datelor Data source

Buletine statistice demografice completate de oficiile Statistical demographic bulletins filled in by the local
de stare civil cu date referitoare la nateri, decese, civil registration offices with data on vital events: births,
cstorii i, respectiv, de ctre judectorii pentru deaths, marriages and by the courts of justice for
divoruri. divorces.

Precizri metodologice Methodological notes

Definiiile evenimentelor demografice sunt n The definitions of vital events are in compliance with
concordan cu recomandrile Diviziei de Statistic a the United Nations Statistical Division
Organizaiei Naiunilor Unite: recommendations:
- nscut-viu este un produs al concepiei, - live-birth is a product of conception
expulzat sau extras complet din corpul mamei, completely ejected or extracted from the mother's body,
independent de durata sarcinii i care, dup aceast regardless of the pregnancy duration, which after its
separare, prezint un semn de via (respiraie, separation shows a life sign (respiration, heart activity,
activitate cardiac, pulsaii ale cordonului ombilical sau beats of umbilical cord or muscular contractions
contracii musculare dependente de voin); dependent of will);
- nscut-mort este un produs al concepiei, - dead-born children is a product of conception
extras sau expulzat complet din corpul mamei dup o completely extracted or ejected from the mother's body
durat a sarcinii de cel puin 28 sptmni i care, dup after a pregnancy duration of at least 28 weeks which,
aceast separare, nu prezint nici un semn de via; after this separation, gives no sign of life;
- decedat este persoana creia i-au disprut - deceased is a person whose signs of life
definitiv toate semnele de via, n orice moment dup completely disappeared, at any moment after birth;
natere; - marriage represents the union between a man
- cstoria reprezint uniunea dintre un and a woman concluded according to the laws of the
brbat i o femeie, ncheiat n concordan cu legile country and providing rights and obligations for the two
rii, din care rezult drepturi i obligaii ntre cei doi spouses towards each other, as well as towards their
soi, precum i ale acestora fa de copii; children;
- divorul reprezint desfacerea unei cstorii - divorce represents the dissolution of a legally
ncheiate legal, printr-o hotrre definitiv a organelor concluded marriage, according to a final decision of
judectoreti; legal bodies;
- durata medie a vieii reprezint numrul mediu de - life expectancy at birth represents the
ani pe care i are de trit un nou nscut, dac ar tri tot average number of years an infant would live, if he / she
restul vieii n condiiile mortalitii pe vrste din perioada lived all his / her life, under the conditions of mortality by
de referin. ages from the reference period.
Ratele de natalitate, mortalitate, nupialitate i Live-birth, mortality, nuptiality and divorce rates at
divorialitate pe judee s-au calculat pe baza populaiei county level are computed on the basis of legal
legale (cu domiciliu permanent). population (with a permanent residence).
Repartizarea datelor n profil teritorial (capitolul 20) s- Data breakdown at territorial level (chapter 20)
a fcut dup urmtoarele criterii: was done according to the following criteria:
- pentru nscui-vii i nscui-mori, dup domiciliul - for live-births and dead-born children, by mother's
mamei; residence;
- pentru decese, dup domiciliul persoanei decedate; - for deaths, by residence of the deceased person;
- pentru cstorii, dup locul nregistrrii cstoriei; - for marriages, by place of concluding;
- pentru divoruri, dup ultimul domiciliu comun al - for divorces, by last common residence of the two
soilor. spouses.

NATALITATEA, MORTALITATEA I SPORUL NATURAL AL POPULAIEI, N PERIOADA 1960 - 1999


LIVE-BIRTH RATE, MORTALITY AND NATURAL INCREASE, DURING 1960 - 1999

Rate (la 1000 locuitori)


Rates (per 1000 inhabitants)
30
Natalitate - Live-birth rate
Mortalitate - Mortality
25
Sporul natural pozitiv
Positive natural increase
Sporul natural negativ
20 Negative natural increase

15

10

0
1960 1965 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 1999

RATE DE FERTILITATE PE GRUPE DE VRST


AGE SPECIFIC FERTILITY RATES

Nscui - vii la 1000 femei


Live - births per 1000 women
140
119.3
120

100 93.3
75.8 77.6
80

60
45.0 40.0
28.7 37.3
40
11.3 12.4
20
3.2 0.2 2.8 0.2
0
1994 1999
15 - 19 ani / years 36 - 39 ani / years
20 - 24 ani / years 41 - 44 ani / years
25 - 29 ani / years 46 - 49 ani / years
30 - 34 ani / years
RATA DE MORTALITATE PE GRUPE DE VRST
AGE SPECIFIC MORTALITY RATES
1994 1999
+75
70-74
65-69
60-64
55-59
50-54
45-49
40-44
35-39
30-34
25-29
20-24
15-19
10-14
5-9
0-4

130 120 110 100 90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 110 120 130

Rate (la 1000 locuitori)


Rates (per 1000 inhabitants)

EVOLUIA CSTORIILOR I DIVORURILOR


EVOLUTION OF MARRIAGES AND DIVORCES

mii / thou
180

160

140

120

100

80

60

40

20

0
1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999

Cstorii Divoruri
Marriages Divorces
CSTORIILE DUP GRUPA DE VRST A SOILOR, N 1999
MARRIAGES BY AGE GROUP OF SPOUSES, IN 1999
So Ani Soie
Husband Years Wife

60+

55 - 59

50 - 54

45 - 49

40 - 44

35 - 39

30 - 34

25 - 29

20 - 24

sub 20
under 20

70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70
Mii / Thou Mii / Thou

DIVORURILE DUP GRUPA DE VRST A SOILOR, N 1999


DIVORCES BY AGE GROUP OF SPOUSES, IN 1999
So Ani Soie
Husband Years Wife

60+

55 - 59

50 - 54

45 - 49

40 - 44

35 - 39

30 - 34

25 - 29

20 - 24

sub 20
under 20

10 8 6 4 2 0 0 2 4 6 8 10
Mii / Thou Mii / Thou
2.2.1 MICAREA NATURAL A POPULAIEI
VITAL STATISTICS

Date absolute (numr) / Absolute data (number) Rate (la 1000 locuitori) / Rates (per 1000 inhabitants) Nscui-mori Decese la o
la 1000 nscui vrst sub 1
Decese la o (vii+mori) an la 1000
Sporul Nscui- Sporul
Anii vrst sub Years
Nscui-vii Decese natural Cstorii Divoruri mori Nscui- vii Decese natural Cstorii Divoruri Dead-born nscui-vii
1 an
Live-births Deaths Natural Marriages Divorces Dead-born Live-births Deaths Natural Marriages Divorces children per 1000 Infant deaths
Infant
increase children increase
deaths births (live-births per 1000
and foetal deads) live-births

1930 482084 272649 209435 133468 6338 7789 84639 34,1 19,3 14,8 9,4 0,45 15,9 175,6 1930
1938 459755 297568 162187 139722 11381 11421 82299 29,5 19,1 10,4 9,0 0,73 24,0 179,0 1938
1940 414235 300722 113513 138511 8013 10341 ... 26,0 18,9 7,1 8,7 0,50 24,4 ... 1940
1950 426820 202010 224810 190043 23941 10752 49795 26,2 12,4 13,8 11,7 1,47 24,6 116,7 1950
1955 442864 167535 275329 197010 31148 8152 34653 25,6 9,7 15,9 11,4 1,80 18,1 78,2 1955
1960 352241 160720 191521 197654 36947 5690 26680 19,1 8,7 10,4 10,7 2,01 15,9 74,6 1960
1961 324859 161936 162923 180465 33373 5251 23190 17,5 8,7 8,8 9,7 1,80 15,9 69,4 1961
1962 301985 172429 129556 184676 38095 4812 18196 16,2 9,2 7,0 9,9 2,04 15,7 58,8 1962
1963 294886 155767 139119 174931 36129 4601 16270 15,7 8,3 7,4 9,3 1,92 15,4 55,2 1963
1964 287383 152476 134907 169520 35145 4367 13975 15,2 8,1 7,1 9,0 1,86 15,0 48,6 1964
1965 278362 163393 114969 164229 36914 4048 12264 14,6 8,6 6,0 8,6 1,94 14,3 44,1 1965
1966 273678 157445 116233 171243 25804 4072 12746 14,3 8,2 6,1 8,9 1,35 14,7 46,6 1966
1967 527764 179129 348635 154105 481) 9644 24590 27,4 9,3 18,1 8,0 *) 17,9 46,6 1967
1968 526091 188509 337582 146988 4023 8625 31317 26,7 9,6 17,1 7,5 0,20 16,1 59,5 1968
1969 465764 201225 264539 140011 6991 6984 25584 23,3 10,1 13,2 7,0 0,35 14,8 54,9 1969
1970 427034 193255 233779 145531 7865 5728 21110 21,1 9,5 11,6 7,2 0,39 13,2 49,4 1970
1971 400146 194306 205840 150215 9570 4822 16964 19,5 9,5 10,0 7,3 0,47 11,9 42,4 1971
1972 389153 189793 199360 157142 11254 4288 15566 18,8 9,2 9,6 7,6 0,54 10,9 40,0 1972
1973 378696 203559 175137 170130 14472 4194 14444 18,2 9,8 8,4 8,2 0,69 11,0 38,1 1973
1974 427732 191286 236446 175496 17951 4801 14958 20,3 9,1 11,2 8,3 0,85 11,1 35,0 1974
1975 418185 197538 220647 188139 34479 4288 14498 19,7 9,3 10,4 8,9 1,62 10,1 34,7 1975
1976 417353 204873 212480 195874 35945 4186 13089 19,5 9,6 9,9 9,1 1,68 9,9 31,4 1976
1977 423958 208685 215273 199794 25726 4144 13207 19,6 9,6 10,0 9,2 1,19 9,7 31,2 1977
1978 416598 211846 204752 201103 33190 3919 12610 19,1 9,7 9,4 9,2 1,52 9,3 30,3 1978
1979 410603 217509 193094 198139 35855 3754 12995 18,6 9,9 8,7 9,0 1,63 9,1 31,6 1979
1980 398904 231876 167028 182671 34130 3518 11691 18,0 10,4 7,6 8,2 1,54 8,7 29,3 1980
1981 381101 224635 156466 182973 33635 3257 10886 17,0 10,0 7,0 8,2 1,50 8,5 28,6 1981
1982 344369 224120 120249 174448 33164 2904 9653 15,3 10,0 5,3 7,8 1,48 8,4 28,0 1982
1983 321498 233892 87606 163826 34534 2605 7676 14,3 10,4 3,9 7,3 1,53 8,0 23,9 1983
1984 350741 233699 117042 164110 32853 2988 8211 15,5 10,3 5,2 7,3 1,45 8,4 23,4 1984
1985 358797 246670 112127 161094 32587 2824 9191 15,8 10,9 4,9 7,1 1,43 7,8 25,6 1985
1986 376896 242330 134566 167254 34562 3053 8746 16,5 10,6 5,9 7,3 1,51 8,0 23,2 1986
1987 383199 254286 128913 168079 34110 3053 11077 16,7 11,1 5,6 7,3 1,49 7,9 28,9 1987
1988 380043 253370 126673 172527 36775 2926 9643 16,5 11,0 5,5 7,5 1,60 7,6 25,4 1988
1989 369544 247306 122238 177943 36008 2821 9940 16,0 10,7 5,3 7,7 1,56 7,6 26,9 1989
1990 314746 247086 67660 192652 32966 2231 8471 13,6 10,6 3,0 8,3 1,42 7,0 26,9 1990
1991 275275 251760 23515 183388 37031 1910 6258 11,9 10,9 1,0 7,9 1,60 6,9 22,7 1991
1992 260393 263855 -3462 174593 29290 1700 6080 11,4 11,6 -0,2 7,7 1,29 6,5 23,3 1992
1993 249994 263323 -13329 161595 31193 1582 5822 11,0 11,6 -0,6 7,1 1,37 6,3 23,3 1993
1994 246736 266101 -19365 154221 39663 1623 5894 10,9 11,7 -0,8 6,8 1,74 6,5 23,9 1994
1995 236640 271672 -35032 153943 34906 1472 5027 10,4 12,0 -1,6 6,8 1,54 6,2 21,2 1995
1996 231348 286158 -54810 150388 35586 1428 5158 10,2 12,7 -2,5 6,7 1,57 6,1 22,3 1996
1997 236891 279315 -42424 147105 34752 1483 5209 10,5 12,4 -1,9 6,5 1,54 6,2 22,0 1997
1998 237297 269166 -31869 145303 39985 1514 4868 10,5 12,0 -1,5 6,5 1,78 6,3 20,5 1998
1999 234600 265194 -30594 140014 34408 1459 4360 10,4 11,8 -1,4 6,2 1,53 6,2 18,6 1999
1) 1)
Au fost modificate unele dispoziii legale referitoare la divor (n octombrie 1966). Some legal acts referring to divorces were modified (in October 1966).
2.2.2 MICAREA NATURAL A POPULAIEI PE MEDII
VITAL STATISTICS BY AREA

Date absolute (numr) / Absolute data (number) Rate (la 1000 locuitori) / Rates (per 1000 inhabitants) Nscui-mori Decese la o
la 1000 nscui vrst sub 1
Decese la o (vii+mori) an la 1000
Sporul Nscui- Sporul
Anii vrst sub Years
Nscui-vii Decese natural Cstorii Divoruri mori Nscui-vii Decese natural Cstorii Divoruri Dead-born nscui-vii
1 an
Live-births Deaths Natural Marriages Divorces Dead-born Live-births Deaths Natural Marriages Divorces children per 1000 Infant deaths
Infant
increase children increase
deaths births (live-births per 1000
and foetal deads) live-births

URBAN / URBAN
1990 156950 99331 57619 110382 25553 1217 3778 12,9 8,2 4,7 9,1 2,10 7,7 24,1 1990
1991 135417 101460 33957 101993 28098 974 2654 11,0 8,2 2,8 8,3 2,27 7,1 19,6 1991
1992 124016 106784 17232 92663 22443 830 2575 10,2 8,7 1,5 7,6 1,84 6,6 20,8 1992
1993 117298 107482 9816 85505 23629 747 2315 9,6 8,8 0,8 7,0 1,93 6,3 19,7 1993
1994 114422 108771 5651 82263 29767 768 2295 9,3 8,8 0,5 6,7 2,42 6,7 20,1 1994
1995 109722 112205 -2483 83381 26023 693 1996 8,9 9,1 -0,2 6,8 2,11 6,3 18,2 1995
1996 108226 116450 -8224 84864 26389 691 2006 8,8 9,5 -0,7 6,9 2,14 6,3 18,5 1996
1997 110009 115997 -5988 82522 25044 689 2036 8,9 9,4 -0,5 6,7 2,04 6,2 18,5 1997
1998 110186 112733 -2547 82912 28702 714 1907 9,0 9,2 -0,2 6,8 2,34 6,4 17,3 1998
1999 108542 111159 -2617 81015 25035 670 1650 8,9 9,1 -0,2 6,6 2,05 6.1 15,2 1999
RURAL / RURAL
1990 157796 147755 10041 82270 7413 1014 4693 14,3 13,4 0,9 7,5 0,67 6,4 29,7 1990
1991 139858 150300 -10442 81395 8933 936 3604 12,9 13,9 -1,0 7,5 0,82 6,6 25,8 1991
1992 136377 157071 -20694 81930 6847 870 3505 12,9 14,8 -1,9 7,7 0,65 6,3 25,7 1992
1993 132696 155841 -23145 76090 7564 835 3507 12,7 14,9 -2,2 7,3 0,72 6,3 26,4 1993
1994 132314 157330 -25016 71958 9896 855 3599 12,7 15,1 -2,4 6,9 0,95 6,4 27,2 1994
1995 126918 159467 -32549 70562 8883 779 3031 12,3 15,4 -3,1 6,8 0,86 6,1 23,9 1995
1996 123122 169708 -46586 65524 9197 737 3152 12,0 16,5 -4,5 6,4 0,89 6,0 25,6 1996
1997 126882 163318 -36436 64583 9708 794 3173 12,4 15,9 -3,5 6,3 0,95 6,2 25,0 1997
1998 127111 156433 -29322 62391 11283 800 2961 12,4 15,3 -2,9 6,1 1,10 6,3 23,3 1998
1999 126058 154035 -27977 58999 9373 789 2710 12,3 15,1 -2,8 5,8 0,92 6,2 21,5 1999
2.2.3 NSCUII - VII DUP GRUPA DE VRST A PRINILOR
LIVE-BIRTHS BY AGE GROUP OF PARENTS

Grupa de vrsta a tatlui / Age group of father


Grupa de vrsta a mamei Total 15-19 ani 20-24 ani 25-29 ani 30-34 ani 35-39 ani 40-44 ani 45-49 ani 50 ani i peste Nedeclarat Age group of mother
15-19 years 20-24 years 25-29 years 30-34 years 35-39 years 40-44 years 45-49 years 50 years and over Not stated

1990 1990

Total 314746 7213 79916 97627 69588 31888 11117 3442 1328 12627 Total
Sub 15 ani 580 216 140 38 10 1 1 - - 174 Under 15 years
15-19 ani 47326 5434 24098 10046 2238 380 46 17 16 5051 15-19 years
20-24 ani 140573 1469 51803 59386 19854 3170 445 84 38 4324 20-24 years
25-29 ani 66617 76 3407 24570 28500 7333 1055 206 86 1384 25-29 years
30-34 ani 38980 12 393 3161 16619 13950 3182 533 182 948 30-34 years
35-39 ani 16501 5 67 377 2175 6515 5001 1379 421 561 35-39 years
40-44 ani 3952 - 5 46 181 530 1349 1151 518 172 40-44 years
45-49 ani 217 1 3 3 11 9 38 72 67 13 45-49 years
50 ani i peste - - - - - - - - - - 50 years and over
1991 1991

Total 275275 6485 86980 80927 53471 23866 8572 2315 988 11671 Total
Sub 15 ani 630 219 160 34 11 2 2 - - 202 Under 15 years
15-19 ani 45896 4898 25340 8381 1932 337 55 11 11 4931 15-19 years
20-24 ani 134340 1300 57451 50505 17417 3182 461 77 44 3903 20-24 years
25-29 ani 51581 59 3551 19326 20838 5587 888 131 68 1133 25-29 years
30-34 ani 27607 8 403 2337 11530 9656 2361 369 141 802 30-34 years
35-39 ani 12000 1 69 313 1574 4676 3669 879 309 510 35-39 years
40-44 ani 3032 - 4 28 164 420 1106 794 345 171 40-44 years
45-49 ani 189 - 2 3 5 6 30 54 70 19 45-49 years
50 ani i peste - - - - - - - - - - 50 years and over
1992 1992

Total 260393 5731 87841 77277 46100 22207 7941 2212 902 10182 Total
Sub 15 ani 589 209 156 27 10 1 - 1 - 185 Under 15 years
15-19 ani 44616 4369 25422 8375 1784 323 53 15 9 4266 15-19 years
20-24 ani 129360 1089 57039 48331 15634 3178 480 70 40 3499 20-24 years
25-29 ani 48598 46 4776 18273 18075 5378 852 138 69 991 25-29 years
30-34 ani 23211 12 381 1939 9175 8503 2071 325 128 677 30-34 years
35-39 ani 11018 6 56 297 1280 4413 3466 841 255 404 35-39 years
40-44 ani 2856 - 7 34 137 405 998 779 346 150 40-44 years
45-49 ani 145 - 4 1 5 6 21 43 55 10 45-49 years
50 ani i peste - - - - - - - - - - 50 years and over
1993 1993

Total 249994 5734 74834 87032 40999 19770 7417 1971 751 11486 Total
Sub 15 ani 559 206 135 39 3 1 - - - 175 Under 15 years
15-19 ani 45375 4434 23397 10500 1678 363 61 14 8 4920 15-19 years
20-24 ani 114902 1003 45498 49391 12038 2577 448 77 42 3828 20-24 years
25-29 ani 56726 77 5448 24992 18320 5476 904 149 51 1309 25-29 years
30-34 ani 19926 7 287 1844 7732 7140 1847 298 99 672 30-34 years
35-39 ani 9786 3 56 229 1121 3866 3152 713 215 431 35-39 years
40-44 ani 2564 4 12 35 106 342 989 668 267 141 40-44 years
45-49 ani 156 - 1 2 1 5 16 52 69 10 45-49 years
50 ani i peste - - - - - - - - - - 50 years and over
1994 1994

Total 246736 5443 63973 94307 39628 20249 7472 2041 733 12890 Total
Sub 15 ani 529 190 117 35 8 - - - - 179 Under 15 years
15-19 ani 43700 4154 20685 11628 1585 380 41 12 7 5208 15-19 years
20-24 ani 106630 1016 37739 50146 10325 2549 411 51 46 4347 20-24 years
25-29 ani 64204 78 5147 30355 19417 6164 1107 158 52 1726 25-29 years
30-34 ani 19275 5 238 1852 7210 7018 1782 313 88 769 30-34 years
35-39 ani 9621 - 41 262 983 3783 3102 742 215 493 35-39 years
40-44 ani 2621 - 5 27 96 349 1004 710 266 164 40-44 years
45-49 ani 152 - 1 2 4 6 25 55 55 4 45-49 years
50 ani i peste 4 - - - - - - - 4 - 50 years and over
1995 1995

Total 236640 5087 56095 94621 37464 19326 7365 2108 699 13875 Total
Sub 15 ani 492 170 122 24 4 1 - - - 171 Under 15 years
15-19 ani 40337 3802 18280 10978 1523 339 71 16 10 5318 15-19 years
20-24 ani 98075 1022 32619 47702 9092 2286 432 73 34 4815 20-24 years
25-29 ani 67154 80 4784 33616 18964 6232 1202 186 53 2037 25-29 years
30-34 ani 18947 10 244 2028 6891 6655 1839 390 87 803 30-34 years
35-39 ani 8907 3 44 247 903 3478 2806 699 196 531 35-39 years
40-44 ani 2565 - 2 23 85 324 1001 688 261 181 40-44 years
45-49 ani 162 - - 3 2 11 14 56 57 19 45-49 years
50 ani i peste 1 - - - - - - - 1 - 50 years and over
1996 1996
Total 231348 4819 51508 95201 36297 19153 7591 2114 635 14030 Total
Sub 15 ani 432 147 104 23 4 1 - - 1 152 Under 15 years
15-19 ani 37830 3602 16787 10163 1392 323 54 14 14 5481 15-19 years
20-24 ani 93029 969 29907 46130 8404 2201 491 72 40 4815 20-24 years
25-29 ani 70343 86 4410 36154 19092 6643 1454 279 64 2161 25-29 years
30-34 ani 18632 11 238 2420 6502 6386 1886 346 80 763 30-34 years
35-39 ani 8505 4 56 275 818 3246 2743 699 174 490 35-39 years
40-44 ani 2417 - 6 33 80 345 939 646 216 152 40-44 years
45-49 ani 157 - - 3 5 8 24 58 45 14 45-49 years
50 ani i peste 3 - - - - - - - 1 2 50 years and over
1997 1997

Total 236891 4952 50682 96936 39330 19200 7935 2396 632 14828 Total
Sub 15 ani 486 175 122 20 4 1 - - - 164 Under 15 years
15-19 ani 37344 3647 16668 9681 1427 345 60 20 12 5484 15-19 years
20-24 ani 94211 1019 29127 46612 9191 2200 544 89 31 5398 20-24 years
25-29 ani 72942 100 4438 37095 20272 6670 1575 336 80 2376 25-29 years
30-34 ani 21049 7 270 3209 7597 6609 2041 431 85 800 30-34 years
35-39 ani 8234 4 49 281 754 3048 2748 751 163 436 35-39 years
40-44 ani 2459 - 7 37 78 320 944 704 215 154 40-44 years
45-49 ani 164 - 1 1 7 7 23 63 46 16 45-49 years
50 ani i peste 2 - - - - - - 2 - - 50 years and over

1998 1998

Total 237297 4598 48971 90032 48282 18789 8317 2424 668 15216 Total
Sub 15 ani 463 189 104 20 1 1 2 - - 146 Under 15 years
15-19 ani 35178 3350 15624 8872 1520 313 59 19 10 5411 15-19 years
20-24 ani 92931 949 28314 43955 11441 2016 525 109 42 5580 20-24 years
25-29 ani 70697 104 4475 32695 23285 5792 1549 284 99 2414 25-29 years
30-34 ani 27388 5 405 4138 11103 7573 2536 507 126 995 30-34 years
35-39 ani 8116 1 43 303 836 2794 2745 727 165 502 35-39 years
40-44 ani 2369 - 5 47 91 294 873 711 194 154 40-44 years
45-49 ani 155 - 1 2 5 6 28 67 32 14 45-49 years
50 ani i peste - - - - - - - - - - 50 years and over

1999 1999

Total 234600 4128 46603 84440 53032 18653 8648 2475 734 15887 Total
Sub 15 ani 490 161 101 30 3 2 - - - 193 Under 15 years
15-19 ani 33365 3009 14634 8076 1612 285 65 15 12 5657 15-19 years
20-24 ani 90154 863 27013 41559 12238 2031 529 104 50 5767 20-24 years
25-29 ani 68653 86 4323 30352 24406 5162 1465 312 84 2463 25-29 years
30-34 ani 31209 9 481 4105 13803 8078 2824 594 166 1149 30-34 years
35-39 ani 8198 - 48 279 891 2820 2831 679 166 484 35-39 years
40-44 ani 2378 - 3 38 75 268 913 706 211 164 40-44 years
45-49 ani 153 - - 1 4 7 21 65 45 10 45-49 years
50 ani i peste - - - - - - - - - - 50 years and over
2.2.4 NSCUII-VII DUP RANGUL NSCUTULUI VIU I GRUPA DE VRST A MAMEI
LIVE-BIRTHS BY LIVE-BIRTH ORDER AND AGE GROUP OF MOTHER

Grupa de vrst a mamei / Age group of mother


Nscui - vii
Rangul nscutului - viu Sub 15 ani 15-19 ani 20-24 ani 25-29 ani 30-34 ani 35-39 ani 40-44 ani 45-49 ani 50 ani i peste Live - birth order
Live-births
Under 15 years 15-19 years 20-24 years 25-29 years 30-34 years 35-39 years 40-44 years 45-49 years 50 years and over

1990 1990

Total 314746 580 47326 140573 66617 38980 16501 3952 217 - Total
Primul 136923 566 36362 76502 16284 5292 1637 255 25 - First
Al doilea 91303 14 9119 42792 24636 11483 2879 361 19 - Second
Al treilea 38199 - 1614 14128 11480 7605 2842 502 28 - Third
Al patrulea 19715 - 208 5043 6713 4986 2290 452 23 - Fourth
Al cincilea 13510 - 23 1693 4450 4227 2410 679 28 - Fifth
Al aselea 6874 - - 351 1940 2535 1570 462 16 - Sixth
Al aptelea 3401 - - 62 728 1361 946 290 14 - Seventh
Al optulea i peste 4821 - - 2 386 1491 1927 951 64 - Eighth and over
1991 1991

Total 275275 630 45896 134340 51581 27607 12000 3032 189 - Total
Primul 142648 615 37286 82627 15696 4707 1443 248 26 - First
Al doilea 75128 15 7310 36604 19940 8772 2212 258 17 - Second
Al treilea 25070 - 1182 10179 7221 4363 1802 307 16 - Third
Al patrulea 11989 - 105 3512 3892 2797 1370 301 12 - Fourth
Al cincilea 7494 - 13 1074 2480 2290 1240 372 25 - Fifth
Al aselea 5377 - - 288 1508 2066 1197 307 11 - Sixth
Al aptelea 2936 - - 50 539 1207 851 270 19 - Seventh
Al optulea i peste 4633 - - 6 305 1405 1885 969 63 - Eighth and over
1992 1992

Total 260393 589 44616 129360 48598 23211 11018 2856 145 - Total
Primul 140424 575 36678 80294 16800 4373 1482 211 11 - First
Al doilea 68474 14 6822 35131 17649 6748 1858 240 12 - Second
Al treilea 22204 - 999 9439 6256 3579 1599 319 13 - Third
Al patrulea 10929 - 108 3234 3558 2419 1294 303 13 - Fourth
Al cincilea 6582 - 9 963 2228 1905 1149 313 15 - Fifth
Al aselea 4818 - - 235 1294 1797 1135 336 21 - Sixth
Al aptelea 2827 - - 59 554 1134 816 250 14 - Seventh
Al optulea i peste 4135 - - 5 259 1256 1685 884 46 - Eighth and over
1993 1993

Total 249994 559 45375 114902 56726 19926 9786 2564 156 - Total
Primul 139958 542 37739 73152 22563 4208 1487 253 14 - First
Al doilea 64897 17 6653 30550 20091 5678 1684 217 7 - Second
Al treilea 19812 - 883 7739 6657 2956 1291 280 6 - Third
Al patrulea 9657 - 90 2501 3579 2029 1139 297 22 - Fourth
Al cincilea 5650 - 10 745 1982 1645 984 265 19 - Fifth
Al aselea 3966 - - 185 1115 1415 949 292 10 - Sixth
Al aptelea 2332 - - 22 483 885 716 210 16 - Seventh
Al optulea i peste 3722 - - 8 256 1110 1536 750 62 - Eighth and over
1994 1994

Total 246736 529 43700 106630 64204 19275 9621 2621 152 4 Total
Primul 134559 517 36089 66330 25749 4137 1449 275 13 - First
Al doilea 67121 12 6669 29743 23389 5473 1591 232 12 - Second
Al treilea 19884 - 859 7376 7172 2945 1220 292 20 - Third
Al patrulea 9798 - 76 2368 3903 2028 1137 270 13 3 Fourth
Al cincilea 5493 - 7 633 2110 1476 969 289 9 - Fifth
Al aselea 3799 - - 146 1080 1323 940 293 17 - Sixth
Al aptelea 2290 - - 29 500 847 673 227 14 - Seventh
Al optulea si peste 3792 - - 5 301 1046 1642 743 54 1 Eighth and over
1995 1995

Total 236640 492 40337 98075 67154 18947 8907 2565 162 1 Total
Primul 128742 483 33213 61353 27791 4250 1372 262 17 1 First
Al doilea 65540 9 6239 27181 24793 5561 1533 213 11 - Second
Al treilea 18670 - 797 6601 7112 2711 1185 256 8 - Third
Al patrulea 9092 - 79 2198 3689 1883 954 280 9 - Fourth
Al cincilea 5255 - 9 581 2051 1473 846 277 18 - Fifth
Al aselea 3584 - - 136 1055 1214 876 283 20 - Sixth
Al aptelea 2203 - - 19 415 845 691 219 14 - Seventh
Al optulea i peste 3554 - - 6 248 1010 1450 775 65 - Eighth and over
1996 1996

Total 231348 432 37830 93029 70343 18632 8505 2417 157 3 Total
Primul 125328 421 31274 58418 29311 4317 1278 292 16 1 First
Al doilea 65225 11 5832 25688 26193 5753 1507 231 10 - Second
Al treilea 18455 - 652 6259 7483 2633 1122 290 16 - Third
Al patrulea 8714 - 66 1955 3721 1772 925 259 16 - Fourth
Al cincilea 4996 - 6 559 1966 1380 836 232 17 - Fifth
Al aselea 3301 - - 127 1017 1086 817 238 15 1 Sixth
Al aptelea 2059 - - 19 413 753 634 226 14 - Seventh
Al optulea i peste 3270 - - 4 239 938 1386 649 53 1 Eighth and over
1997 1997

Total 236891 486 37344 94211 72942 21049 8234 2459 164 2 Total
Primul 127435 473 30592 58984 30495 5277 1343 251 19 1 First
Al doilea 67771 13 5929 26093 27157 6831 1508 229 11 - Second
Al treilea 19415 - 758 6433 7818 2961 1128 297 20 - Third
Al patrulea 9013 - 59 2004 3768 1935 941 283 22 1 Fourth
Al cincilea 5028 - 6 534 2088 1380 746 265 9 - Fifth
Al aselea 3155 - - 139 990 1023 724 261 18 - Sixth
Al aptelea 1923 - - 21 380 704 575 232 11 - Seventh
Al optulea i peste 3151 - - 3 246 938 1269 641 54 - Eighth and over
1998 1998

Total 237297 463 35178 92931 70697 27388 8116 2369 155 - Total
Primul 125902 448 28843 57896 29300 7749 1364 287 15 - First
Al doilea 69279 15 5563 25962 26545 9426 1494 259 15 - Second
Al treilea 20302 - 718 6517 7868 3762 1129 288 20 - Third
Al patrulea 9155 - 50 1894 3698 2321 933 243 16 - Fourth
Al cincilea 4820 - 4 517 1804 1464 781 236 14 - Fifth
Al aselea 3058 - - 121 895 1099 668 259 16 - Sixth
Al aptelea 1849 - - 22 379 710 543 184 11 - Seventh
Al optulea si peste 2932 - - 2 208 857 1204 613 48 - Eighth and over
1999 1999

Total 234600 490 33365 90154 68653 31209 8198 2378 153 - Total
Primul 122718 472 27007 55782 28894 8943 1356 256 8 - First
Al doilea 69127 18 5542 25355 25368 11036 1552 242 14 - Second
Al treilea 20772 - 741 6376 7679 4483 1191 284 18 - Third
Al patrulea 9248 - 69 2011 3477 2448 967 262 14 - Fourth
Al cincilea 4933 - 4 484 1801 1578 793 254 19 - Fifth
Al aselea 3050 - 2 118 848 1133 673 255 21 - Sixth
Al aptelea 1829 - - 24 393 716 489 193 14 - Seventh
Al optulea i peste 2923 - - 4 193 872 1177 632 45 - Eighth and over
2.2.5 RATELE DE FERTILITATE 1) PE GRUPE DE VRST I INDICELE CONJUNCTURAL AL FERTILITII 2)
AGE - SPECIFIC FERTILITY RATES 1) AND TOTAL FERTILITY RATE 2)

Rata general Indicele


Grupa de vrst / Age group
de fertilitate conjunctural
Anii Years
General fertility 15-19 ani 20-24 ani 25-29 ani 30-34 ani 35-39 ani 40-44 ani 45-49 ani al fertilitii
rate 15-19 years 20-24 years 25-29 years 30-34 years 35-39 years 40-44 years 45-49 years Total fertility rate

1956 89,9 52,5 180,4 155,9 103,5 58,8 23,8 2,7 2,9 1956
1957 85,7 54,3 180,1 145,4 92,8 54,6 17,2 2,2 2,7 1957
1958 81,9 55,9 176,7 136,8 84,2 48,2 14,0 1,8 2,6 1958
1959 77,1 59,4 168,4 125,8 73,9 42,6 14,4 1,6 2,4 1959
1960 73,9 59,1 164,1 121,2 67,6 39,0 14,5 1,4 2,3 1960
1961 68,4 62,6 155,4 110,1 60,1 32,4 13,2 0,9 2,2 1961
1962 63,5 58,4 147,4 105,0 54,9 29,5 11,4 0,8 2,0 1962
1963 61,9 61,5 144,0 102,9 53,1 28,2 10,7 0,7 2,0 1963
1964 59,9 56,8 144,0 102,6 52,2 26,2 9,5 0,8 2,0 1964
1965 57,3 52,4 140,7 99,8 53,5 25,1 8,9 0,8 1,9 1965
1966 55,7 51,7 143,0 98,2 53,4 25,1 8,3 0,9 1,9 1966
1967 105,5 79,8 251,8 198,1 124,1 59,7 16,6 1,2 3,7 1967
1968 102,9 82,4 241,4 193,9 126,5 63,9 17,3 1,2 3,6 1968
1969 89,6 72,6 215,7 171,7 108,0 54,7 15,0 1,0 3,2 1969
1970 81,2 65,7 201,4 151,6 94,9 48,8 13,8 0,9 2,9 1970
1971 75,3 62,1 190,9 138,1 82,7 44,3 13,1 0,8 2,7 1971
1972 72,7 61,3 185,9 131,6 76,9 40,7 12,0 0,8 2,5 1972
1973 70,4 60,6 182,4 124,2 71,6 37,6 10,3 0,6 2,4 1973
1974 79,3 69,3 202,3 142,9 78,3 40,2 10,7 0,7 2,7 1974
1975 77,5 69,2 197,8 138,5 71,4 36,7 10,0 0,7 2,6 1975
1976 77,3 70,0 196,9 136,7 69,4 33,4 9,0 0,7 2,6 1976
1977 78,8 71,2 200,9 138,1 67,6 32,3 8,6 0,7 2,6 1977
1978 77,7 72,8 198,5 132,7 64,4 30,3 8,2 0,7 2,5 1978
1979 76,6 72,5 200,2 128,8 61,0 28,4 7,6 0,7 2,5 1979
1980 74,8 72,3 200,4 126,8 58,3 25,0 6,5 0,5 2,4 1980
1981 71,9 71,1 194,3 121,6 56,4 23,4 6,3 0,6 2,4 1981
1982 65,1 68,9 184,4 107,2 47,5 19,6 5,2 0,4 2,2 1982
1983 59,5 57,5 178,4 99,9 42,5 17,4 4,5 0,4 2,0 1983
1984 64,2 56,1 191,9 114,7 50,5 20,1 4,6 0,3 2,2 1984
1985 65,1 57,3 191,4 121,1 55,2 21,4 5,1 0,4 2,3 1985
1986 68,2 62,9 191,3 126,7 63,3 26,1 6,4 0,4 2,4 1986
1987 69,1 65,3 189,7 126,4 65,7 28,7 8,1 0,4 2,4 1987
1988 68,4 62,7 176,7 123,8 63,0 27,3 7,3 0,4 2,3 1988
1989 66,3 59,3 169,1 118,0 58,8 25,6 7,1 0,4 2,2 1989
1990 56,2 51,5 145,2 97,8 46,4 19,4 5,5 0,4 1,8 1990
1991 48,7 49,8 131,1 78,6 34,2 13,9 4,0 0,3 1,6 1991
1992 46,6 47,4 127,1 77,1 31,1 12,9 3,7 0,2 1,5 1992
1993 44,3 47,0 124,6 74,2 28,3 11,4 3,2 0,3 1,4 1993
1994 43,3 45,0 119,3 75,8 28,7 11,3 3,2 0,2 1,4 1994
1995 41,1 42,0 109,5 73,4 29,4 11,0 3,1 0,2 1,3 1995
1996 39,9 40,0 102,2 72,4 30,1 10,9 2,9 0,2 1,3 1996
1997 40,6 40,8 100,7 72,6 33,9 11,2 2,9 0,2 1,3 1997
1998 40,6 40,3 96,9 77,6 36,3 11,7 2,8 0,2 1,3 1998
1999 40,2 40,0 93,3 77,6 37,3 12,4 2,8 0,2 1,3 1999
1) 1)
Nscui-vii la 1000 femei. Live-births per 1000 women.
2) 2)
Numrul de copii nscui de o femeie n cursul vieii sale fertile. Number of children born by a woman during her fertile life.
2.2.6 DECESELE PE GRUPE DE VRST I SEXE
DEATHS BY AGE GROUP AND SEX

Grupa de vrst
1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Age group

Total

Total 247086 251760 263855 263323 266101 271672 286158 279315 269166 265194

0 - 4 ani / years 11227 8492 7932 7573 7338 6207 6367 6252 5845 5303
5 - 9 ani / years 1011 951 836 950 1226 1350 1398 1359 1167 776
10-14 ani / years 909 904 797 763 751 744 688 696 881 1023
15-19 ani / years 1404 1261 1277 1296 1326 1257 1303 1256 1133 1106
20-24 ani / years 1965 1911 2039 1757 1781 1713 1806 1708 1615 1533
25-29 ani / years 1827 1640 1612 1819 1974 2186 2325 2397 2082 1843
30-34 ani / years 3154 2983 2773 2683 2509 2536 2379 2453 2466 2394
35-39 ani / years 4572 4542 4885 4950 5211 5292 5102 4882 3945 3344
40-44 ani / years 5505 5980 6832 7322 7635 8188 8476 8582 7722 6970
45-49 ani / years 7231 6953 7640 7893 8743 9996 10805 11310 10856 10023
50-54 ani / years 12710 12277 12778 12815 12306 12006 12175 11967 11431 11143
55-59 ani / years 17315 17411 18418 18820 19512 19904 19641 18551 16672 14799
60-64 ani / years 22816 23587 24650 25149 25565 25751 26557 26501 25120 23913
65-69 ani / years 27777 29378 31332 31485 32000 32497 34140 33701 32134 31884
70-74 ani / years 21666 23881 27863 32609 36184 38267 41321 41056 39923 40110
75-79 ani / years 40151 38673 36772 29969 26911 26710 30433 32936 38299 42386
80-84 ani / years 36389 38685 41060 41061 40175 40290 40925 34600 28309 25979
85-89 ani / years 21184 22983 24563 24594 24683 26013 28630 27457 27809 28285
90-94 ani / years 6966 7744 8281 8313 8726 9083 9857 9829 9884 10460
95-99 ani / years 1150 1323 1356 1339 1361 1533 1696 1681 1733 1790
100 ani i peste / years and over 157 201 159 163 184 149 134 141 140 130
Masculin / Male

Total 131824 134547 142222 142575 145196 148577 154862 152791 145432 141382

0 - 4 ani / years 6312 4840 4518 4339 4132 3562 3548 3609 3306 2980
5 - 9 ani / years 617 583 530 589 750 846 873 823 702 482
10-14 ani / years 584 574 497 505 495 510 426 428 550 640
15-19 ani / years 977 848 883 898 921 844 899 833 724 754
20-24 ani / years 1404 1349 1491 1263 1273 1231 1304 1243 1159 1103
25-29 ani / years 1290 1136 1184 1346 1426 1577 1672 1734 1504 1329
30-34 ani / years 2235 2124 1986 1938 1845 1878 1744 1811 1775 1695
35-39 ani / years 3214 3187 3567 3466 3862 3940 3734 3573 2851 2393
40-44 ani / years 3809 4184 4856 5275 5536 5991 6165 6324 5601 4972
45-49 ani / years 5018 4822 5362 5611 6174 7185 7772 8213 7825 7052
50-54 ani / years 8758 8449 8894 8976 8652 8484 8532 8416 7959 7735
55-59 ani / years 11546 11743 12568 12895 13402 13642 13479 12742 11290 10029
60-64 ani / years 14379 14976 15890 16239 16698 16713 17229 17284 16260 15523
65-69 ani / years 15530 17024 18599 18716 19266 19566 20427 20286 19259 19026
70-74 ani / years 10725 11871 14059 16540 18456 20020 21887 22031 21354 21566
75-79 ani / years 18484 17736 16504 13407 11914 11885 13442 14889 17163 18973
80-84 ani / years 15666 16512 17517 17247 16918 16678 16430 13892 11344 10196
85-89 ani / years 8414 9312 9892 9817 9799 10171 11132 10478 10628 10570
90-94 ani / years 2466 2827 2961 3031 3193 3294 3561 3593 3535 3737
95-99 ani / years 346 409 413 435 429 519 571 546 601 582
100 ani i peste / years and over 50 41 51 42 55 41 35 43 42 45
Feminin / Female

Total 115262 117213 121633 120748 120905 123095 131296 126524 123734 123812

0 - 4 ani / years 4915 3652 3414 3234 3206 2645 2819 2643 2539 2323
5 - 9 ani / years 394 368 306 361 476 504 525 536 465 294
10-14 ani / years 325 330 300 258 256 234 262 268 331 383
15-19 ani / years 427 413 394 398 405 413 404 423 409 352
20-24 ani / years 561 562 548 494 508 482 502 465 456 430
25-29 ani / years 537 504 428 473 548 609 653 663 578 514
30-34 ani / years 919 859 787 745 664 658 635 642 691 699
35-39 ani / years 1358 1355 1318 1484 1349 1352 1368 1309 1094 951
40-44 ani / years 1696 1796 1976 2047 2099 2197 2311 2258 2121 1998
45-49 ani / years 2213 2131 2278 2282 2569 2811 3033 3097 3031 2971
50-54 ani / years 3952 3828 3884 3839 3654 3522 3643 3551 3472 3408
55-59 ani / years 5769 5668 5850 5925 6110 6262 6162 5809 5382 4770
60-64 ani / years 8437 8611 8760 8910 8867 9038 9328 9217 8860 8390
65-69 ani / years 12247 12354 12733 12769 12734 12931 13713 13415 12875 12858
70-74 ani / years 10941 12010 13804 16069 17728 18247 19434 19025 18569 18544
75-79 ani / years 21667 20937 20268 16562 14997 14825 16991 18047 21136 23413
80-84 ani / years 20723 22173 23543 23814 23257 23612 24495 20708 16965 15783
85-89 ani / years 12770 13671 14671 14777 14884 15842 17498 16979 17181 17715
90-94 ani / years 4500 4917 5320 5282 5533 5789 6296 6236 6349 6723
95-99 ani / years 804 914 943 904 932 1014 1125 1135 1132 1208
100 ani i peste / years and over 107 160 108 121 129 108 99 98 98 85

2.2.7 DECESELE SUB 1 AN DUP GRUPA DE VRST


INFANT DEATHS BY AGE GROUP

Grupa de vrst
1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Age group

Total 8471 6258 6080 5822 5894 5027 5158 5209 4868 4360

Neonatale / Neonatal 2804 2510 2482 2349 2291 2237 2042 2238 2278 2057

Sub 7 zile / under 7 days 1642 1602 1551 1537 1534 1491 1404 1526 1538 1338
7-13 zile / days 483 347 357 349 315 288 230 293 316 328
14-29 zile / days 679 561 574 463 442 458 408 419 424 391

Postneonatale / Postneonatal 5667 3748 3598 3473 3603 2790 3116 2971 2590 2303

1 luna / month 1195 926 883 869 872 718 770 726 671 542
2 luni / months 1029 836 786 751 736 576 615 586 477 458
3- 4 luni / months 1540 951 949 901 928 722 811 799 695 609
5- 6 luni / months 852 452 439 432 533 356 430 395 332 292
7- 8 luni / months 524 272 278 267 283 223 266 249 220 215
9-11 luni / months 527 311 263 253 251 195 224 216 195 187
2.2.8 RATELE DE MORTALITATE 1) PE GRUPE DE VRST I SEXE
MORTALITY RATES 1) BY AGE GROUP AND SEX

Grupa de vrst / Age group


Anii Total 0-4 ani 5-9 ani 10-14 ani 15-19 ani 20-24 ani 25-29 ani 30-34 ani 35-39 ani 40-44 ani 45-49 ani 50-54 ani 55-59 ani 60-64 ani 65-69 ani 70-74 ani 75 ani i peste Years
0-4 years 5-9 years 10-14 years 15-19 years 20-24 years 25-29 years 30-34 years 35-39 years 40-44 years 45-49 years 50-54 years 55-59 years 60-64 years 65-69 years 70-74 years 75 years and over

Total

1991 10,9 4,9 0,6 0,5 0,7 0,9 1,2 1,8 2,6 3,9 5,8 8,9 12,9 19,2 28,8 44,9 118,3 1991
1992 11,6 5,1 0,5 0,4 0,7 1,0 1,3 1,8 2,8 4,4 6,5 9,7 13,6 19,8 30,2 46,5 125,1 1992
1993 11,6 5,2 0,6 0,4 0,7 0,9 1,2 1,9 2,9 4,5 6,5 10,3 13,9 20,2 29,9 46,2 126,2 1993
1994 11,7 5,5 0,7 0,4 0,7 1,0 1,1 1,8 3,1 4,7 6,8 10,3 14,4 20,5 30,0 46,7 125,1 1994
1995 12,0 5,0 0,8 0,4 0,6 0,9 1,2 1,9 3,2 5,0 7,2 10,6 14,8 20,8 30,2 47,4 124,1 1995
1996 12,7 5,3 0,8 0,4 0,7 1,0 1,2 1,9 3,3 5,1 7,4 10,8 15,3 21,4 31,5 49,3 132,1 1996
1997 12,4 5,3 0,9 0,4 0,7 0,9 1,2 1,9 3,3 5,1 7,5 10,6 15,1 21,4 30,7 48,1 121,0 1997
1998 12,0 5,0 0,8 0,5 0,6 0,8 1,1 1,6 2,8 4,6 6,9 9,9 14,3 20,3 29,3 45,9 115,9 1998
1999 11,8 4,6 0,6 0,6 0,6 0,8 1.0 1,4 2,5 4,2 6,4 9,1 13,2 19,3 29,1 45,6 114,5 1999
Masculin / Male

1991 11,8 5,5 0,7 0,6 0,9 1,3 1,7 2,5 3,6 5,5 8,2 12,7 18,0 25,9 37,5 55,4 127,6 1991
1992 12,7 5,7 0,6 0,5 0,9 1,4 1,8 2,6 4,1 6,2 9,1 14,0 19,4 27,1 40,0 58,4 136,8 1992
1993 12,8 5,9 0,7 0,6 0,9 1,3 1,7 2,7 4,0 6,5 9,4 14,9 20,0 27,7 39,3 57,9 138,1 1993
1994 13,0 6,0 0,8 0,6 0,9 1,4 1,6 2,7 4,5 6,9 9,7 14,9 20,8 28,7 40,0 58,1 137,4 1994
1995 13,4 5,6 1,0 0,6 0,8 1,3 1,7 2,8 4,8 7,3 10,5 15,5 21,4 28,9 40,2 59,6 136,0 1995
1996 14,0 5,7 1,0 0,5 0,9 1,4 1,7 2,8 4,8 7,5 10,8 15,6 22,3 29,9 41,8 62,1 143,9 1996
1997 13,8 6,0 1,0 0,5 0,9 1,3 1,7 2,8 4,8 7,6 11,0 15,3 22,0 30,2 41,1 60,8 133,0 1997
1998 13,2 5,5 1,0 0,6 0,8 1,1 1,6 2,3 4,1 6,7 10,1 14,2 20,5 28,6 39,1 57,6 127,5 1998
1999 12,9 5,1 0,7 0,7 0,9 1,1 1,5 2.0 3,6 6.0 9,2 13.0 19.0 27,4 38,8 57,4 124,2 1999
Feminin / Female

1991 10,0 4,3 0,5 0,4 0,5 0,6 0,8 1,1 1,6 2,4 3,5 5,4 8,1 13,2 21,8 37,9 112,1 1991
1992 10,5 4,5 0,4 0,3 0,4 0,5 0,7 1,1 1,5 2,5 3,8 5,8 8,3 13,3 22,3 38,5 117,8 1992
1993 10,4 4,6 0,4 0,3 0,4 0,5 0,6 1,1 1,7 2,5 3,7 6,0 8,4 13,5 22,1 38,3 118,9 1993
1994 10,4 4,9 0,6 0,3 0,4 0,6 0,6 1,0 1,6 2,6 4,0 6,0 8,6 13,4 21,8 38,8 117,6 1994
1995 10,7 4,4 0,6 0,3 0,4 0,5 0,7 1,0 1,7 2,7 4,0 6,1 8,8 13,6 21,9 38,7 116,9 1995
1996 11,4 4,8 0,7 0,3 0,4 0,6 0,7 1,0 1,8 2,8 4,1 6,3 9,1 14,0 23,0 40,0 125,2 1996
1997 11,0 4,6 0,7 0,3 0,5 0,5 0,7 1,0 1,8 2,7 4,1 6,1 8,9 13,9 22,2 38,7 114,0 1997
1998 10,8 4,5 0,7 0,4 0,5 0,5 0,6 0,9 1,6 2,5 3,8 5,8 8,7 13,3 21,2 37,3 109,0 1998
1999 10,8 4,2 0,5 0,4 0,4 0,4 0,6 0,8 1,4 2,4 3,7 5,4 8,1 12,5 21,2 36,9 108,7 1999
1)
Decedai la 1000 locuitori / Deceased per 1000 inhabitants .
2.2.9 CSTORIILE DUP GRUPA DE VRST A SOILOR
MARRIAGES BY AGE GROUP OF SPOUSES

Grupa de vrst a soiei / Age group of wife


Grupa de vrst a soului Total Sub 20 ani 20-24 ani 25-29 ani 30-34 ani 35-39 ani 40-44 ani 45-49 ani 50-54 ani 55-59 ani 60 ani i peste Age group of husband
Under 20 years 20-24 years 25-29 years 30-34 years 35-39 years 40-44 years 45-49 years 50-54 years 55-59 years 60 years and over

1990 1990

Total 192652 57323 94857 16698 8759 5466 3104 2086 1711 1152 1496 Total
Sub 20 ani 7769 5562 2123 70 8 - 2 2 - - 2 Under 20 years
20-24 ani 106039 40972 61465 3063 397 84 21 15 9 3 10 20-24 years
25-29 ani 40250 8936 23129 6394 1352 349 62 11 7 4 6 25-29 years
30-34 ani 17028 1538 6384 4699 3021 1049 258 57 15 2 5 30-34 years
35-39 ani 8395 243 1367 1807 2464 1747 553 151 44 14 5 35-39 years
40-44 ani 4185 41 244 454 1012 1270 778 281 75 19 11 40-44 years
45-49 ani 2459 13 69 136 282 543 668 488 195 48 17 45-49 years
50-54 ani 2241 8 31 46 133 257 466 572 485 166 77 50-54 years
55-59 ani 1574 5 18 14 53 104 200 295 442 317 126 55-59 years
60 ani i peste 2712 5 27 15 37 63 96 214 439 579 1237 60 years and over
1991 1991

Total 183388 55422 91531 14653 7508 4896 3009 1981 1650 1190 1548 Total
Sub 20 ani 7001 5053 1843 81 15 5 1 2 1 - - Under 20 years
20-24 ani 106515 40976 61802 3217 402 75 25 7 11 - - 20-24 years
25-29 ani 34811 7633 20457 5283 1097 267 52 15 5 2 - 25-29 years
30-34 ani 14722 1486 5684 3848 2494 888 249 48 16 7 2 30-34 years
35-39 ani 7502 218 1353 1589 2135 1550 480 131 41 2 3 35-39 years
40-44 ani 4137 39 270 465 924 1192 875 256 85 27 4 40-44 years
45-49 ani 2328 8 69 101 273 533 632 447 192 55 18 45-49 years
50-54 ani 2061 6 33 40 116 221 431 549 425 173 67 50-54 years
55-59 ani 1565 1 14 17 34 98 163 323 437 318 160 55-59 years
60 ani i peste 2746 2 6 12 18 67 101 203 437 606 1294 60 years and over
1992 1992

Total 174593 54109 83774 15923 6948 4620 3176 1897 1563 1147 1436 Total
Sub 20 ani 5871 4314 1454 79 13 7 3 - 1 - - Under 20 years
20-24 ani 98805 39523 54700 4087 383 80 23 5 3 - 1 20-24 years
25-29 ani 35915 8590 20265 5787 998 225 36 12 1 1 - 25-29 years
30-34 ani 13960 1389 5493 3725 2262 814 225 44 6 - 2 30-34 years
35-39 ani 7409 228 1407 1611 1984 1496 526 111 35 9 2 35-39 years
40-44 ani 4093 39 326 459 900 1123 896 243 77 21 9 40-44 years
45-49 ani 2273 13 80 107 254 471 664 432 178 52 22 45-49 years
50-54 ani 1994 10 24 33 89 249 459 515 374 170 71 50-54 years
55-59 ani 1614 2 12 24 35 85 221 334 440 311 150 55-59 years
60 ani i peste 2659 1 13 11 30 70 123 201 448 583 1179 60 years and over
1993 1993

Total 161595 50174 72190 20391 6184 4344 3017 1755 1327 993 1220 Total
Sub 20 ani 5353 3880 1377 84 9 - 1 - - - 2 Under 20 years
20-24 ani 81410 33981 42211 4785 298 80 10 4 9 2 30 20-24 years
25-29 ani 43528 10694 22671 8801 1050 234 54 8 2 - 14 25-29 years
30-34 ani 12531 1274 4269 4147 1953 652 198 26 5 3 4 30-34 years
35-39 ani 7196 261 1267 1860 1738 1425 475 120 33 13 4 35-39 years
40-44 ani 4003 51 270 513 790 1142 869 273 75 13 7 40-44 years
45-49 ani 2147 9 57 118 207 489 662 404 135 55 11 45-49 years
50-54 ani 1725 6 24 44 89 202 423 439 312 142 44 50-54 years
55-59 ani 1380 - 16 20 28 73 206 275 363 280 119 55-59 years
60 ani i peste 2322 18 28 19 22 47 119 206 393 485 985 60 years and over
1994 1994

Total 154221 45199 66309 23643 6290 4461 3094 1911 1198 977 1139 Total
Sub 20 ani 4636 3341 1199 88 6 - 1 - 1 - - Under 20 years
20-24 ani 70624 29231 36306 4735 270 60 16 3 2 1 - 20-24 years
25-29 ani 46890 11028 23168 11238 1113 261 69 10 3 - - 25-29 years
30-34 ani 12556 1258 4021 4543 1840 669 174 39 8 2 2 30-34 years
35-39 ani 7542 290 1235 2185 1779 1384 501 126 29 4 9 35-39 years
40-44 ani 4320 33 286 620 869 1237 894 291 63 24 3 40-44 years
45-49 ani 2440 12 60 176 287 528 737 448 125 53 14 45-49 years
50-54 ani 1601 4 18 33 88 199 379 450 282 121 27 50-54 years
55-59 ani 1392 1 12 17 18 86 199 322 343 257 137 55-59 years
60 ani i peste 2220 1 4 8 20 37 124 222 342 515 947 60 years and over
1995 1995

Total 153943 41031 66009 26537 6830 4698 3317 2174 1238 971 1138 Total
Sub 20 ani 4319 3032 1167 113 5 1 1 - - - - Under 20 years
20-24 ani 65639 25983 34568 4691 301 71 19 2 3 1 - 20-24 years
25-29 ani 49968 10565 24610 13068 1335 298 75 14 2 1 - 25-29 years
30-34 ani 12885 1127 3985 4989 1922 641 164 46 5 4 2 30-34 years
35-39 ani 8014 260 1263 2490 1879 1402 541 143 30 5 1 35-39 years
40-44 ani 4939 39 309 874 968 1335 979 340 71 16 8 40-44 years
45-49 ani 2860 11 76 232 295 607 850 570 160 43 16 45-49 years
50-54 ani 1740 6 17 49 89 212 384 510 308 121 44 50-54 years
55-59 ani 1418 5 8 12 24 95 195 339 335 267 138 55-59 years
60 ani i peste 2161 3 6 19 12 36 109 210 324 513 929 60 years and over
1996 1996

Total 150388 38124 65511 27873 6536 4237 3198 2072 1077 830 930 Total
Sub 20 ani 3922 2679 1096 134 8 4 - 1 - - - Under 20 years
20-24 ani 62562 23895 33653 4641 295 56 14 6 1 1 - 20-24 years
25-29 ani 51778 10172 25354 14366 1477 301 88 16 2 1 1 25-29 years
30-34 ani 12283 1080 3774 4932 1701 586 167 36 3 2 2 30-34 years
35-39 ani 7526 230 1195 2499 1670 1246 522 128 26 9 1 35-39 years
40-44 ani 4682 42 322 922 935 1124 892 350 73 15 7 40-44 years
45-49 ani 2841 11 69 265 319 604 823 567 133 34 16 45-49 years
50-54 ani 1588 9 23 73 81 185 379 465 242 83 48 50-54 years
55-59 ani 1292 5 18 22 36 80 201 300 297 236 97 55-59 years
60 ani i peste 1914 1 7 19 14 51 112 203 300 449 758 60 years and over
1997 1997

Total 147105 34638 65495 28055 7213 3963 3023 2080 1026 725 887 Total
Sub 20 ani 3480 2291 1064 113 7 3 - 1 - - 1 Under 20 years
20-24 ani 60069 21689 33387 4585 320 61 15 10 1 - 1 20-24 years
25-29 ani 51084 9314 25444 14101 1803 310 79 23 7 2 1 25-29 years
30-34 ani 13276 1067 4111 5438 1984 495 139 32 7 1 2 30-34 years
35-39 ani 7152 221 1069 2433 1679 1118 477 129 20 6 - 35-39 years
40-44 ani 4690 36 296 979 956 1159 909 285 57 9 4 40-44 years
45-49 ani 2824 13 79 284 338 549 782 594 144 29 12 45-49 years
50-54 ani 1491 2 31 71 75 161 335 473 232 80 31 50-54 years
55-59 ani 1203 2 8 29 30 76 176 313 260 202 107 55-59 years
60 ani i peste 1836 3 6 22 21 31 111 220 298 396 728 60 years and over
1998 1998

Total 145303 31639 65116 26965 9693 3916 3051 2277 1080 684 882 Total
Sub 20 ani 2882 1874 903 86 18 1 - - - - - Under 20 years
20-24 ani 57734 19700 32877 4599 486 57 11 4 - - - 20-24 years
25-29 ani 48513 8549 24491 12824 2260 300 75 12 2 - - 25-29 years
30-34 ani 16601 1267 5376 6148 3054 549 153 45 8 1 - 30-34 years
35-39 ani 7003 182 1043 2070 2030 1071 433 143 22 6 3 35-39 years
40-44 ani 4937 43 291 883 1194 1103 949 385 73 11 5 40-44 years
45-49 ani 3111 17 77 254 480 578 826 629 178 57 15 45-49 years
50-54 ani 1590 4 24 69 116 161 344 520 242 80 30 50-54 years
55-59 ani 1095 3 17 18 32 51 168 299 251 158 98 55-59 years
60 ani i peste 1837 - 17 14 23 45 92 240 304 371 731 60 years and over
1999 1999

Total 140014 27982 63738 26784 10546 3541 2820 2024 1094 654 831 Total
Sub 20 ani 2485 1539 818 109 15 2 2 - - - - Under 20 years
20-24 ani 53574 17005 31358 4613 507 70 14 5 1 - 1 20-24 years
25-29 ani 47583 7956 24310 12667 2333 247 57 8 4 1 - 25-29 years
30-34 ani 18094 1243 5773 6525 3757 584 163 42 5 1 1 30-34 years
35-39 ani 6381 176 1001 1776 2054 903 352 97 15 5 2 35-39 years
40-44 ani 4551 37 313 735 1206 986 872 324 58 16 4 40-44 years
45-49 ani 2882 11 95 245 464 489 785 598 155 29 11 45-49 years
50-54 ani 1612 7 38 69 148 158 326 488 271 78 29 50-54 years
55-59 ani 1040 3 21 28 38 61 149 250 272 143 75 55-59 years
60 ani i peste 1812 5 11 17 24 41 100 212 313 381 708 60 years and over
2.2.10 CSTORIILE DUP STAREA CIVIL A SOILOR NAINTE DE CSTORIE
MARRIAGES BY PREVIOUS MARITAL STATUS OF SPOUSES

Starea civil a soiei / Marital status of wife


Starea civil
Total Necstorit Divorat Vduv Nedeclarat Marital status of husband
a soului
Unmarried Divorced Widow Not - stated

1990 1990
Total 192652 172050 16078 4522 2 Total
Necstorit 170567 163247 6289 1030 1 Unmarried
Divorat 18010 8002 8453 1555 - Divorced
Vduv 4072 799 1336 1937 - Widow
Nedeclarat 3 2 - - 1 Not-stated
1991 1991

Total 183388 164263 14999 4126 - Total


Necstorit 162627 155870 5802 955 - Unmarried
Divorat 17116 7650 7961 1505 - Divorced
Vduv 3645 743 1236 1666 - Widow
Nedeclarat - - - - - Not-stated
1992 1992

Total 174593 156099 14655 3836 3 Total


Necstorit 154304 147664 5782 857 1 Unmarried
Divorat 16768 7701 7683 1383 1 Divorced
Vduv 3518 733 1189 1596 - Widow
Nedeclarat 3 1 1 - 1 Not-stated
1993 1993

Total 161595 143831 14365 3399 - Total


Necstorit 142280 135519 5959 802 - Unmarried
Divorat 16224 7647 7303 1274 - Divorced
Vduv 3091 665 1103 1323 - Widow
Nedeclarat - - - - - Not-stated
1994 1994

Total 154221 134927 15990 3304 - Total


Necstorit 132921 125394 6732 795 - Unmarried
Divorat 18400 8927 8194 1279 - Divorced
Vduv 2900 606 1064 1230 - Widow
Nedeclarat - - - - - Not-stated
1995 1995

Total 153943 134371 16340 3232 - Total


Necstorit 132134 124519 6794 821 - Unmarried
Divorat 19047 9228 8523 1296 - Divorced
Vduv 2762 624 1023 1115 - Widow
Nedeclarat - - - - - Not-stated
1996 1996
Total 150388 130907 16373 3108 - Total
Necstorit 128957 121304 6865 788 - Unmarried
Divorat 18861 9035 8530 1296 - Divorced
Vduv 2570 568 978 1024 - Widow
Nedeclarat - - - - - Not-stated
1997 1997
Total 147105 127516 16587 3002 - Total
Necstorit 125850 117886 7158 806 - Unmarried
Divorat 18791 9109 8472 1210 - Divorced
Vduv 2464 521 957 986 - Widow
Nedeclarat - - - - - Not-stated
1998 1998

Total 145303 125149 17175 2979 - Total


Necstorit 123790 115583 7409 798 - Unmarried
Divorat 19133 9055 8803 1275 - Divorced
Vduv 2380 511 963 906 - Widow
Nedeclarat - - - - - Not-stated
1999 1999

Total 140014 121057 16280 2677 - Total


Necstorit 119564 111894 6980 690 - Unmarried
Divorat 18327 8737 8458 1132 - Divorced
Vduv 2123 426 842 855 - Widow
Nedeclarat - - - - - Not-stated
2.2.11 VRSTA MEDIE LA CSTORIE I VRSTA MEDIE LA PRIMA CSTORIE, PE MEDII
AVERAGE AGE AT MARRIAGE AND AVERAGE AGE AT FIRST MARRIAGE, BY AREA

Vrsta medie la cstorie Vrsta medie la prima cstorie


Anul i mediul Average age at marriage Average age at first marriage
Year and area So Soie So Soie
Husband Wife Husband Wife

1990
Total 26,9 23,7 25,0 22,0
Urban 27,4 24,6 25,1 22,6
Rural 26,2 22,5 24,9 21,3

1991
Total 26,9 23,7 25,0 22,0
Urban 27,5 24,7 25,1 22,7
Rural 26,1 22,4 24,8 21,3

1992
Total 27,1 23,8 25,2 22,1
Urban 27,7 24,9 25,4 22,9
Rural 26,4 22,5 25,0 21,3

1993
Total 27,2 23,8 25,4 22,2
Urban 27,9 25,0 25,6 23,0
Rural 26,5 22,5 25,2 21,4

1994
Total 27,6 24,1 25,6 22,4
Urban 28,3 25,3 25,8 23,2
Rural 26,8 22,8 25,4 21,5
1995
Total 28,0 24,5 26,0 22,8
Urban 28,6 25,6 26,1 23,5
Rural 27,2 23,2 25,9 22,0
1996
Total 28,0 24,5 26,0 22,8
Urban 28,6 25,6 26,2 23,6
Rural 27,2 23,0 25,8 21,8
1997
Total 28,1 24,6 26,2 22,9
Urban 28,8 25,7 26,4 23,8
Rural 27,3 23,2 25,9 21,9
1998
Total 28,4 24,9 26,4 23,2
Urban 29,0 26,0 26,6 24,0
Rural 27,6 23,5 26,1 22,1
1999
Total 28,5 25,0 26,5 23,3
Urban 29,0 26,0 26,7 24,2
Rural 27,7 23,6 26,3 22,2

2.2.12 DIVORURILE DUP NUMRUL COPIILOR MINORI RMAI PRIN DESFACEREA CSTORIEI
DIVORCES BY NUMBER OF UNDER AGE CHILDREN REMAINED THROUGH MARRIAGE DISSOLUTION

Cu 5 copii
Cu Cu Cu Cu
Fr copii i peste
Anii 1 copil 2 copii 3 copii 4 copii Nedeclarat
Total Without With 5
Years With With 2 With 3 With 4 Not-stated
children children
1 child children children children
and over

1991 37031 17289 11858 5876 1369 477 158 4


1992 29290 13566 9737 4648 925 282 130 2
1993 31193 16312 9701 4100 740 247 93 -
1994 39663 17172 14672 6089 1220 373 137 -
1995 34906 16031 12561 4922 938 315 139 -
1996 35586 16808 12653 4802 939 275 109 -
1997 34752 15826 12945 4639 915 299 128 -
1998 39985 18614 14518 5351 1062 317 123 -
1999 34408 16903 12285 4200 713 222 85 -
2.2.13 DIVORURILE DUP GRUPA DE VRST A SOILOR
DIVORCES BY AGE GROUP OF SPOUSES

Grupa de vrst a soiei / Age group of wife


Grupa de vrst a soului Total Sub 20 ani 20-24 ani 25-29 ani 30-34 ani 35-39 ani 40-44 ani 45-49 ani 50-54 ani 55-59 ani 60 ani i peste Age group of husband
Under 20 years 20-24 years 25-29 years 30-34 years 35-39 years 40-44 years 45-49 years 50-54 years 55-59 years 60 years and over

1990 1990

Total 32966 710 6918 6224 6635 5311 2988 1685 1196 689 610 Total
Sub 20 ani 32 16 12 1 2 - - - - - 1 Under 20 years
20-24 ani 2717 399 2073 184 43 14 1 2 1 - - 20-24 years
25-29 ani 6151 224 3312 2160 363 80 6 4 1 - 1 25-29 years
30-34 ani 7617 60 1256 2890 2704 589 91 19 1 3 4 30-34 years
35-39 ani 6271 9 217 811 2690 2105 338 66 25 7 3 35-39 years
40-44 ani 3967 1 25 129 685 1786 1070 183 64 19 5 40-44 years
45-49 ani 2385 1 8 21 97 545 979 537 151 35 11 45-49 years
50-54 ani 1767 - 4 16 32 125 378 599 435 141 37 50-54 years
55-59 ani 1037 - 5 4 6 41 96 211 339 227 108 55-59 years
60 ani i peste 1022 - 6 8 13 26 29 64 179 257 440 60 years and over
1991 1991
Total 37031 824 8534 6573 6689 5876 3531 1950 1399 874 781 Total
Sub 20 ani 42 22 19 - 1 - - - - - - Under 20 years
20-24 ani 3771 511 2934 261 40 11 8 2 2 2 - 20-24 years
25-29 ani 6565 234 3745 2157 341 69 13 5 1 - - 25-29 years
30-34 ani 7893 47 1472 3010 2616 600 101 25 11 4 7 30-34 years
35-39 ani 6878 7 284 910 2800 2347 412 75 25 14 4 35-39 years
40-44 ani 4652 2 46 165 705 2121 1291 229 65 19 9 40-44 years
45-49 ani 2644 1 17 36 110 535 1104 597 170 55 19 45-49 years
50-54 ani 2027 - 4 14 39 128 439 671 525 148 59 50-54 years
55-59 ani 1238 - 4 10 20 39 126 255 393 288 103 55-59 years
60 ani i peste 1321 - 9 10 17 26 37 91 207 344 580 60 years and over
1992 1992

Total 29290 668 6966 5214 5092 4504 2994 1452 1047 687 666 Total
Sub 20 ani 17 10 7 - - - - - - - - Under 20 years
20-24 ani 3328 416 2544 301 52 3 8 1 1 1 1 20-24 years
25-29 ani 5226 195 2938 1736 295 41 18 1 2 - - 25-29 years
30-34 ani 5941 41 1167 2292 1877 449 88 13 10 3 1 30-34 years
35-39 ani 5447 4 242 725 2191 1865 332 60 19 4 5 35-39 years
40-44 ani 3810 1 42 120 540 1635 1177 205 69 16 5 40-44 years
45-49 ani 2014 - 11 17 86 365 883 489 122 30 11 45-49 years
50-54 ani 1476 - 8 8 26 96 359 473 358 114 34 50-54 years
55-59 ani 933 1 - 6 17 25 85 157 319 242 81 55-59 years
60 ani i peste 1098 - 7 9 8 25 44 53 147 277 528 60 years and over
1993 1993

Total 31193 1299 8136 5957 4748 4216 2870 1537 1024 701 705 Total
Sub 20 ani 54 26 25 1 2 - - - - - - Under 20 years
20-24 ani 4395 848 3078 426 37 4 1 - - - 1 20-24 years
25-29 ani 6548 347 3585 2247 294 60 10 1 1 - 3 25-29 years
30-34 ani 5754 63 1153 2303 1727 408 72 18 6 1 3 30-34 years
35-39 ani 5239 13 239 817 2011 1761 321 49 20 6 2 35-39 years
40-44 ani 3552 1 36 128 549 1486 1081 192 59 14 6 40-44 years
45-49 ani 2105 - 6 24 89 371 928 519 121 33 14 45-49 years
50-54 ani 1414 1 9 7 26 77 321 496 337 93 47 50-54 years
55-59 ani 1019 - 4 2 6 28 106 204 304 260 105 55-59 years
60 ani i peste 1113 - 1 2 7 21 30 58 176 294 524 60 years and over
1994 1994

Total 39663 1173 8041 10041 6079 5866 3880 1921 1171 747 744 Total
Sub 20 ani 37 19 17 1 - - - - - - - Under 20 years
20-24 ani 3496 652 2294 512 29 6 2 1 - - - 20-24 years
25-29 ani 9749 432 4478 4363 389 73 14 - - - - 25-29 years
30-34 ani 7502 47 1010 3697 2170 458 84 29 6 1 - 30-34 years
35-39 ani 7108 18 204 1215 2631 2440 498 74 24 4 - 35-39 years
40-44 ani 5087 1 27 225 722 2189 1585 277 45 12 4 40-44 years
45-49 ani 2708 2 7 22 111 557 1172 673 120 32 12 45-49 years
50-54 ani 1681 1 2 3 19 101 395 565 421 128 46 50-54 years
55-59 ani 1115 1 2 2 5 32 98 232 369 271 103 55-59 years
60 ani i peste 1180 - - 1 3 10 32 70 186 299 579 60 years and over
1995 1995

Total 34906 1045 6743 9680 5007 4691 3488 1915 941 716 680 Total
Sub 20 ani 40 19 19 2 - - - - - - - Under 20 years
20-24 ani 2882 533 1913 404 25 7 - - - - - 20-24 years
25-29 ani 9230 422 3860 4541 327 62 10 6 2 - - 25-29 years
30-34 ani 6289 55 747 3329 1775 303 61 15 3 1 - 30-34 years
35-39 ani 5854 14 165 1134 2146 1912 403 63 13 4 - 35-39 years
40-44 ani 4460 - 31 227 613 1819 1445 255 56 13 1 40-44 years
45-49 ani 2603 2 7 34 96 471 1132 702 110 39 10 45-49 years
50-54 ani 1382 - 1 3 15 91 321 527 289 108 27 50-54 years
55-59 ani 1034 - - 4 4 15 88 263 324 235 101 55-59 years
60 ani i peste 1132 - - 2 6 11 28 84 144 316 541 60 years and over
2.2.14 DURATA MEDIE A VIEII, PE SEXE I MEDII
LIFE EXPECTANCY AVERAGE, BY SEX AND AREA

Pe sexe / By sex Pe medii / By area


Anii Urban / Urban Rural / Rural
Masculin Feminin
Years Total Masculin Feminin Masculin Feminin
Male Female Total Total
Male Female Male Female

1932 42,01 ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ...
1956 63,17 61,48 64,99 ... ... ... ... ... ...
1961 65,96 64,19 67,70 ... ... ... ... ... ...
1964 - 1967 68,51 66,45 70,51 ... ... ... ... ... ...
1968 - 1970 67,33 65,07 69,51 68,27 65,79 70,67 66,63 64,40 68,83
1969 - 1971 68,00 65,70 70,26 68,84 66,29 71,32 67,41 65,17 69,61
1970 - 1972 68,58 66,27 70,85 69,38 66,79 71,89 68,01 65,78 70,20
1971 - 1973 68,55 66,28 70,77 69,50 66,98 71,96 67,87 65,67 70,02
1972 - 1974 69,08 66,83 71,29 69,93 67,44 72,36 68,46 65,27 70,60
1973 - 1975 69,58 67,29 71,82 70,29 67,84 72,69 68,99 66,74 71,18
1974 - 1976 69,69 67,37 71,97 70,72 68,23 73,15 68,79 66,47 71,04
1975 - 1977 69,76 67,45 72,06 70,56 68,06 73.00 69,03 66,71 71,28
1976 - 1978 69,82 67,42 72,18 70,52 67,96 73,03 69,08 66,62 71,46
1977 - 1979 69,54 67,10 71,98 70,14 67,41 72,83 68,94 66,67 71,24
1978 - 1980 69,21 66,68 71,75 69,82 67,02 72,59 68,59 66,21 71,03
1979 - 1981 69,14 66,53 71,78 69,77 66,88 72,64 68,53 66,05 71,07
1980 - 1982 69,42 66,70 72,17 69,94 66,90 72,95 68,89 66,31 71,53
1981 - 1983 69,60 66,83 72,40 70,23 67,15 73,28 68,94 66,30 71,65
1982 - 1984 69,77 66,98 72,61 70,46 67,40 73,49 69,04 66,34 71,82
1983 - 1985 69,70 66,81 72,65 70,37 67,20 73,54 68,95 66,14 71,85
1984 - 1986 69,74 66,78 72,78 70,36 67,10 73,61 68,99 66,14 71,98
1985 - 1987 69,53 66,55 72,59 70,06 66,88 73,26 68,81 65,89 71,86
1986 - 1988 69,27 66,30 72,32 69,84 66,69 73,03 68,52 65,60 71,58
1987 - 1989 69,42 66,51 72,41 70,17 67,08 73,28 68,55 65,65 71,60
1988 - 1990 69,56 66,56 72,65 70,25 67,06 73,46 68,70 65,70 71,80
1989 - 1991 69,76 66,59 73,05 70,39 67,02 73,83 68,88 65,71 72,25
1990 - 1992 69,78 66,56 73,17 70,54 67,16 74,02 68,75 65,45 72,29
1991 - 1993 69,52 66,06 73,17 70,01 66,45 73,71 68,76 65,32 72,52
1992 - 1994 69,48 65,88 73,32 70,02 66,36 73,83 68,67 65,04 72,68
1993 - 1995 69,40 65,70 73,36 70,05 66,33 73,95 68,46 64,70 72,66
1994 - 1996 69,05 65,30 73,09 69,84 66,12 73,77 67,99 64,13 72,33
1995 - 1997 68,95 65,19 73,00 69,82 66,16 73,66 67,80 63,86 72,26
1996 - 1998 69,24 65,46 73,32 70,09 66,39 73,97 68,11 64,16 72,58
1997 - 1999 69,74 66,05 73,67 70,58 66,92 74,38 68,66 64,85 72,91
2.3 MICAREA MIGRATORIE POPULATION MIGRATION
A POPULAIEI

CUPRINS CONTENTS
Pagina
Page
Tabele: Tables:

2.3.1 Migraia intern determinat de Internal migration due to permanent


schimbarea domiciliului, pe medii residence change, by area
i sexe ................................................. 88 and sex
2.3.2 Migraia intern determinat de Internal migration due to permanent
schimbarea domiciliului, pe medii residence change, by area and
i grupe de vrst ................................ 88 age groups
2.3.3 Structura fluxurilor migraiei interne Structure of urban and rural internal
urbane i rurale, determinate de migration flows due to permanent
schimbarea domiciliului ....................... 90 residence change
2.3.4 Emigranii pe sexe i grupe de vrst .. 90 Emigrants by sex and age groups
2.3.5 Emigranii dup naionalitate i Emigrants by nationality
ara de destinaie ................................. 91 and country of destination
2.3.6 Repatriai .............................................. 91 Repatriated

Sursa datelor Data source

Buletine statistice de schimbare a domiciliului dintr-o Statistical bulletins on residence change from one
localitate n alta (inclusiv sectoarele Municipiului locality to another (including sectors of Bucharest
Bucureti) completate de organele de poliie, pentru Municipality) filled in by police bodies for data on
datele privind migraia intern. internal migration.

Surse administrative: Administrative sources:


Ministerul de Interne, pentru datele privind migraia Ministry of Interior, for data on external migration.
extern.

Precizri metodologice Methodological notes

Micarea migratorie a populaiei reprezint acea Population migration represents that type of its
form a mobilitii acesteia n spaiu, dintr-o unitate mobility in space, from a geographical unit to another
geografic n alta, i care presupune, n general, and which generally supposes change of residence,
schimbarea domiciliului de la locul de origine la locul from origin to destination place.
de destinaie. Internal migration is determined by changes of
Migraia intern este determinat de schimbrile de residence inside the borders of the country.
domiciliu n interiorul granielor rii. Change of domicile was recorded in case of persons
Schimbarea domiciliului s-a nregistrat n cazul who proved to have ensured a dwelling in the
persoanelor care au fcut dovad c au o locuin destination locality and based on which police
asigurat n localitatea de destinaie i pe baza creia registered the mention of domicile change in the
organele de poliie le-au nscris meniunea de identity card and in the population evidence file.
schimbare a domiciliului n actul de identitate i n Starting with 1992, data also include changes of
fia de eviden a populaiei. ncepnd cu anul 1992, residence from one sector to another in Bucharest
sunt cuprinse i schimbrile de domiciliu dintr-un sector Municipality. There are not included changes of
n altul al Municipiului Bucureti. Nu sunt incluse residence within the same locality, from one street to
schimbrile de domiciliu n cadrul aceleiai localiti, de another or from one village to another, within the same
pe o strad pe alta, sau dintr-un sat n altul, n cadrul commune.
aceleiai comune. External migration is determined by change of
Migraia extern este determinat de schimbarea residence from Romania to another country or, from
domiciliului din Romnia n alt ar sau, din alt ar another country to Romania.
n Romnia.
2.3.1 MIGRAIA INTERN DETERMINAT DE SCHIMBAREA DOMICILIULUI, PE MEDII I SEXE
INTERNAL MIGRATION DUE TO PERMANENT RESIDENCE CHANGE, BY AREA AND SEX

Sosii / In-migrants Plecai / Out-migrants


Anii
n urban n rural Din urban Din rural
Years Total Total
In urban area In rural area From urban area From rural area

Total

1990 786471 691803 94668 786471 170381 616090


1991 262903 185459 77444 262903 79670 183233
1992 293182 186172 107010 293182 111471 181711
1993 240231 144994 95237 240231 96084 144147
1994 266745 149712 117033 266745 117368 149377
1995 289491 148333 141158 289491 135833 153658
1996 292879 152585 140294 292879 148902 143977
1997 302579 144034 158545 302579 156622 145957
1998 276154 132472 143682 276154 150470 125684
1999 275699 131138 144561 275699 157758 117941
Masculin / Male

1990 386382 342513 43869 386382 81839 304543


1991 125955 89233 36722 125955 38812 87143
1992 138135 89392 48743 138135 54011 84124
1993 109834 68771 41063 109834 45247 64587
1994 122090 70579 51511 122090 55041 67049
1995 128836 67616 61220 128836 62507 66329
1996 132490 69767 62723 132490 70205 62285
1997 134739 64379 70360 134739 72443 62296
1998 122100 58622 63478 122100 69282 52818
1999 121278 57636 63642 121278 72409 48869
Feminin / Female

1990 400089 349290 50799 400089 88542 311547


1991 136948 96226 40722 136948 40858 96090
1992 155047 96780 58267 155047 57460 97587
1993 130397 76223 54174 130397 50837 79560
1994 144655 79133 65522 144655 62327 82328
1995 160655 80717 79938 160655 73326 87329
1996 160389 82818 77571 160389 78697 81692
1997 167840 79655 88185 167840 84179 83661
1998 154054 73850 80204 154054 81188 72866
1999 154421 73502 80919 154421 85349 69072

2.3.2 MIGRAIA INTERN DETERMINAT DE SCHIMBAREA DOMICILIULUI, PE MEDII I GRUPE DE VRST


INTERNAL MIGRATION DUE TO PERMANENT RESIDENCE CHANGE, BY AREA AND AGE GROUPS

Sosii / In-migrants Plecai / Out-migrants


Grupa de vrst
n urban n rural Din urban Din rural
Age group Total Total
In urban area In rural area From urban area From rural area

1990
Total 786471 691803 94668 786471 170381 616090
pn la 15 ani / under 15 years 196234 165515 30719 196234 39926 156308
15-19 ani / years 45214 39089 6125 45214 9141 36073
20-24 ani / years 129202 115935 13267 129202 20726 108476
25-29 ani / years 133166 122634 10532 133166 23639 109527
30-34 ani / years 114381 104380 10001 114381 24847 89534
35-39 ani / years 62460 55583 6877 62460 17335 45125
40-44 ani / years 34720 30287 4433 34720 10119 24601
45-49 ani / years 19358 16566 2792 19358 5806 13552
50-54 ani / years 16993 13855 3138 16993 5318 11675
55-59 ani / years 13148 10538 2610 13148 4583 8565
60 ani i peste ani / years and over 21595 17421 4174 21595 8941 12654

1991
Total 262903 185459 77444 262903 79670 183233
pn la 15 ani / under 15 years 56465 33459 23006 56465 16676 39789
15-19 ani / years 17663 12313 5350 17663 4215 13448
20-24 ani / years 63926 51771 12155 63926 13136 50790
25-29 ani / years 40412 32232 8180 40412 10859 29553
30-34 ani / years 29496 21597 7899 29496 9672 19824
35-39 ani / years 17559 11953 5606 17559 7142 10417
40-44 ani / years 10757 6914 3843 10757 4525 6232
45-49 ani / years 5979 3468 2511 5979 2716 3263
50-54 ani / years 5779 3041 2738 5779 2829 2950
55-59 ani / years 5086 2670 2416 5086 2754 2332
60 ani i peste ani / years and over 9781 6041 3740 9781 5146 4635
2.3.2 MIGRAIA INTERN DETERMINAT DE SCHIMBAREA DOMICILIULUI, PE MEDII I GRUPE DE VRST
INTERNAL MIGRATION DUE TO PERMANENT RESIDENCE CHANGE, BY AREA AND AGE GROUPS

contiunare / continued
Sosii / In-migrants Plecai / Out-migrants
Grupa de vrst
n urban n rural Din urban Din rural
Age group Total Total
In urban area In rural area From urban area From rural area

1992
Total 293182 186172 107010 293182 111471 181711
pn la 15 ani / under 15 years 58049 27310 30739 58049 18451 39598
15-19 ani / years 17802 11095 6707 17802 5663 12139
20-24 ani / years 66777 49919 16858 66777 18634 48143
25-29 ani / years 43539 32573 10966 43539 15179 28360
30-34 ani / years 33107 22502 10605 33107 13665 19442
35-39 ani / years 21829 14127 7702 21829 10893 10936
40-44 ani / years 14319 8505 5814 14319 7539 6780
45-49 ani / years 8006 4441 3565 8006 4391 3615
50-54 ani / years 7552 3912 3640 7552 4288 3264
55-59 ani / years 6722 3243 3479 6722 3976 2746
60 ani i peste ani / years and over 15480 8545 6935 15480 8792 6688
1993

Total 240231 144994 95237 240231 96084 144147


pn la 15 ani / under 15 years 48899 19651 29248 48899 16210 32689
15-19 ani / years 16436 9313 7123 16436 5846 10590
20-24 ani / years 50271 35366 14905 50271 14570 35701
25-29 ani / years 40562 29469 11093 40562 15397 25165
30-34 ani / years 24993 16483 8510 24993 10996 13997
35-39 ani / years 17466 10967 6499 17466 9186 8280
40-44 ani / years 11634 7016 4618 11634 6447 5187
45-49 ani / years 6328 3643 2685 6328 3533 2795
50-54 ani / years 5664 3023 2641 5664 3292 2372
55-59 ani / years 5363 2800 2563 5363 3233 2130
60 ani i peste ani / years and over 12615 7263 5352 12615 7374 5241
1994

Total 266745 149712 117033 266745 117368 149377


pn la 15 ani / under 15 years 57845 19366 38479 57845 22166 35679
15-19 ani / years 18107 9416 8691 18107 7373 10734
20-24 ani / years 51229 33951 17278 51229 16315 34914
25-29 ani / years 49621 34506 15115 49621 20375 29246
30-34 ani / years 27148 16569 10579 27148 12976 14172
35-39 ani / years 19452 11238 8214 19452 10941 8511
40-44 ani / years 12667 7252 5415 12667 7695 4972
45-49 ani / years 7297 4001 3296 7297 4538 2759
50-54 ani / years 5519 2875 2644 5519 3528 1991
55-59 ani / years 5513 2939 2574 5513 3664 1849
60 ani i peste ani / years and over 12347 7599 4748 12347 7797 4550
1995
Total 289491 148333 141158 289491 135833 153658
pn la 15 ani / under 15 years 69883 20546 49337 69883 27792 42091
15-19 ani / years 20249 9490 10759 20249 8891 11358
20-24 ani / years 47599 29630 17969 47599 16340 31259
25-29 ani / years 49706 33170 16536 49706 21794 27912
30-34 ani / years 27044 15821 11223 27044 13866 13178
35-39 ani / years 21585 11541 10044 21585 12811 8774
40-44 ani / years 15099 7673 7426 15099 9595 5504
45-49 ani / years 9524 4696 4828 9524 6234 3290
50-54 ani / years 6571 3172 3399 6571 4352 2219
55-59 ani / years 6594 3303 3291 6594 4435 2159
60 ani i peste ani / years and over 15637 9291 6346 15637 9723 5914

1996
Total 292879 152585 140294 292879 148902 143977
pn la 15 ani / under 15 years 60692 18409 42283 60692 26012 34680
15-19 ani / years 20601 9696 10905 20601 9935 10666
20-24 ani / years 47293 29754 17539 47293 17751 29542
25-29 ani / years 53702 36607 17095 53702 24314 29388
30-34 ani / years 26754 15924 10830 26754 14070 12684
35-39 ani / years 21450 11244 10206 21450 13434 8016
40-44 ani / years 16761 8396 8365 16761 11507 5254
45-49 ani / years 11565 5271 6294 11565 8242 3323
50-54 ani / years 7600 3389 4211 7600 5441 2159
55-59 ani / years 7801 3461 4340 7801 5712 2089
60 ani i peste ani / years and over 18660 10434 8226 18660 12484 6176
2.3.2 MIGRAIA INTERN DETERMINAT DE SCHIMBAREA DOMICILIULUI, PE MEDII I GRUPE DE VRST
INTERNAL MIGRATION DUE TO PERMANENT RESIDENCE CHANGE, BY AREA AND AGE GROUPS

continuare / continued
Sosii / In-migrants Plecai / Out-migrants
Grupa de vrst
n urban n rural Din urban Din rural
Age group Total Total
In urban area In rural area From urban area From rural area
1997

Total 302579 144034 158545 302579 156622 145957


pn la 15 ani / under 15 years 70742 17728 53014 70742 31665 39077
15-19 ani / years 21213 9141 12072 21213 10771 10442
20-24 ani / years 44431 26821 17610 44431 18589 25842
25-29 ani / years 55154 34847 20307 55154 25243 29911
30-34 ani / years 30657 16185 14472 30657 16058 14599
35-39 ani / years 23128 10863 12265 23128 14048 9080
40-44 ani / years 17705 8125 9580 17705 12292 5413
45-49 ani / years 11394 5131 6263 11394 8258 3136
50-54 ani / years 7012 3245 3767 7012 5168 1844
55-59 ani / years 6292 3058 3234 6292 4630 1662
60 ani i peste ani / years and over 14851 8890 5961 14851 9900 4951
1998

Total 276154 132472 143682 276154 150470 125684


pn la 15 ani / under 15 years 56143 13622 42521 56143 26011 30132
15-19 ani / years 19628 8119 11509 19628 10366 9262
20-24 ani / years 44524 26050 18474 44524 19883 24641
25-29 ani / years 47279 29622 17657 47279 21762 25517
30-34 ani / years 31368 17810 13558 31368 17219 14149
35-39 ani / years 18903 9136 9767 18903 12195 6708
40-44 ani / years 16598 7508 9090 16598 12125 4473
45-49 ani / years 11926 5161 6765 11926 9084 2842
50-54 ani / years 7567 3285 4282 7567 5864 1703
55-59 ani / years 6273 2876 3397 6273 4781 1492
60 ani i peste ani / years and over 15945 9283 6662 15945 11180 4765
1999

Total 275699 131138 144561 275699 157758 117941


pn la 15 ani / under 15 years 51229 12550 38679 51229 25456 25773
15-19 ani / years 19838 7611 12227 19838 10649 9189
20-24 ani / years 46587 26096 20491 46587 22100 24487
25-29 ani / years 43462 27577 15885 43462 20889 22573
30-34 ani / years 34538 19781 14757 34538 19399 15139
35-39 ani / years 18560 8886 9674 18560 12411 6149
40-44 ani / years 18033 7818 10215 18033 13456 4577
45-49 ani / years 13180 5405 7775 13180 10358 2822
50-54 ani / years 9001 3658 5343 9001 7149 1852
55-59 ani / years 6221 2849 3372 6221 4872 1349
60 ani i peste ani / years and over 15050 8907 6143 15050 11019 4031

2.3.3 STRUCTURA FLUXURILOR MIGRAIEI INTERNE URBANE I RURALE, DETERMINATE DE


SCHIMBAREA DOMICILIULUI
STRUCTURE OF URBAN AND RURAL INTERNAL MIGRATION FLOWS DUE TO PERMANENT
RESIDENCE CHANGE

1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999

Date absolute / Absolute data

Total 262903 293182 240231 266745 289491 292879 302579 276154 275699

Din rural n urban / From rural to urban 132360 114954 84063 81327 72710 72267 68491 60620 57986
Din urban n urban / From urban to urban 53099 71218 60931 68385 75623 80318 75543 71852 73152
Din rural n rural / From rural to rural 50873 66757 60084 68050 80948 71710 77466 65064 59955
Din urban n rural / From urban to rural 26571 40253 35153 48983 60210 68584 81079 78618 84606
Rate la 1000 locuitori / Rates per 1000 inhabitants

Total 11,3 12,9 10,6 11,7 12,8 13,0 13,4 12,3 12,3

Din rural n urban / From rural to urban 10,7 9,4 6,9 6,6 5,9 5,9 5,6 4,9 4,7
Din urban n urban / From urban to urban 4,3 5,8 5,0 5,6 6,1 6,5 6,1 5,9 6,0
Din rural n rural / From rural to rural 4,7 6,3 5,7 6,5 7,8 7,0 7,6 6,4 5,9
Din urban n rural / From urban to rural 2,5 3,8 3,4 4,7 5,8 6,7 7,9 7,7 8,3
2.3.4 EMIGRANII PE SEXE I GRUPE DE VRST
EMIGRANTS BY SEX AND AGE GROUPS

numr persoane / number of persons


1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999

Total 96929 44160 31152 18446 17146 25675 21526 19945 17536 12594
Pe sexe / By sex
Masculin / Male 46335 21211 16085 8751 7886 11478 10079 9423 8460 5858
Feminin / Female 50594 22949 15067 9695 9260 14197 11447 10522 9076 6736
Pe grupe de vrst / By age groups
Sub 18 ani / Under 18 years 25298 14837 5540 4119 4597 5137 4198 4145 6371 4290
18-25 ani / years 13570 7949 7807 3608 3036 4180 3447 2559 1795 1357
26-40 ani / years 25589 10863 10195 5683 5901 10875 8347 8091 5379 4244
41-50 ani / years 9790 3533 2861 1822 1569 2803 2701 2490 1690 1236
51-60 ani / years 11311 3356 2249 1407 959 1245 1332 1143 864 664
61 ani i peste / 61 years and 11371 3622 2500 1807 1084 1435 1501 1517 1437 803

2.3.5 EMIGRANII DUP NAIONALITATE I AR DE DESTINAIE


EMIGRANTS BY NATIONALITY AND COUNTRY OF DESTINATION

numr persoane / number of persons


1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Dup naionalitate / By nationality (ethnic group)
Total 96929 44160 31152 18446 17146 25675 21526 19945 17536 12594

Romni / Romanians 23888 19307 18104 8814 10146 18706 16767 16883 15202 11283
Germani / Germans 60072 15567 8852 5945 4065 2906 2315 1273 775 390
Maghiari / Hungarians 11040 7494 3523 3206 2509 3608 2105 1459 1217 696
Evrei / Jews 745 516 224 221 177 131 191 136 198 111
Alte naionaliti / Other nationalities 1184 1276 449 260 249 324 148 194 144 114
Dup ara de destinaie / By country of destination
Australia / Australia 611 301 297 236 220 136 165 207 206 124
Austria / Austria 3459 4630 3282 1296 1256 2276 915 1551 941 468
Canada / Canada 1894 1661 1591 1926 1523 2286 2123 2331 1945 1626
Frana / France 1626 1512 1235 937 787 1438 2181 1143 846 696
Grecia / Greece 576 354 143 80 87 193 274 232 316 214
Israel / Israel 1227 519 463 324 417 316 418 554 563 326
Italia / Italy 1130 1396 528 645 1580 2195 1640 1706 1877 1415
Germania / Germany 66121 20001 13813 6874 6880 9010 6467 5807 3899 2370
S.U.A. / U.S.A. 4924 5770 2100 1245 1078 2292 3181 2861 2868 2386
Suedia / Sweden 996 381 686 199 176 520 310 468 129 98
Ungaria / Hungary 10635 4427 4726 3674 1779 2509 1485 1244 1306 774
Alte ri / Other countries 3730 3208 2288 1010 1363 2504 2367 1841 2640 2097

2.3.6 REPATRIAI
REPATRIATED

numr persoane / number of persons


1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999

Total 3095 3443 3077 3257 3304 5507 6265 8432 11287 10467
Pe sexe / By sex
Masculin / Male 1500 1675 1617 1764 1805 2935 4120 4573 6153 5473
Feminin / Female 1595 1768 1460 1493 1499 2572 2145 3859 5134 4994
Pe grupe de vrst / By age groups
Sub 18 ani / Under 18 years 749 990 666 719 469 655 636 564 1020 1036
18-40 ani / years 1327 1317 1261 1483 1695 2756 2416 4178 5621 4802
41-50 ani / years 485 558 536 478 638 1486 2379 2661 3607 3066
51 ani i peste / 51 years and over 534 578 614 577 502 610 834 1029 1039 1563
Dup naionalitate / By nationality
Romni / Romanians 2139 2544 2255 2296 2428 4604 5332 7288 10289 9823
Maghiari / Hungarians 290 283 185 284 267 259 311 361 355 202
Germani / Germans 177 116 106 139 146 196 225 268 248 141
Evrei / Jews 172 154 198 200 129 76 - 144 85 72
Alte naionaliti / Other nationalities 317 346 333 338 334 372 397 371 310 229
Dup ara din care s-au repatriat / By country from where they repatriated
Austria / Austria 160 142 121 215 323 569 567 455 198 113
Frana / France 164 240 191 229 137 670 1075 1159 328 139
Israel / Israel 264 254 273 259 165 162 211 151 300 83
Germania / Germany 531 556 579 606 673 853 764 692 422 273
S.U.A. / United States of America 409 433 448 348 329 487 420 441 259 255
Ungaria / Hungary 162 182 106 150 101 256 117 396 394 235
Republica Moldova / Republic of Moldova 18 12 128 195 122 1171 1752 4092 8109 8359
Alte ri / Other countries 1387 1624 1231 1255 1454 1339 1359 1046 1277 1010